CN101444193B - Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage - Google Patents

Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101444193B
CN101444193B CN2008101815220A CN200810181522A CN101444193B CN 101444193 B CN101444193 B CN 101444193B CN 2008101815220 A CN2008101815220 A CN 2008101815220A CN 200810181522 A CN200810181522 A CN 200810181522A CN 101444193 B CN101444193 B CN 101444193B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
breeding
sea cucumber
cylinder mould
seashell
net cage
Prior art date
Application number
CN2008101815220A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101444193A (en
Inventor
敖志辉
Original Assignee
敖志辉
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200810175911 priority Critical
Priority to CN200810175911.2 priority
Application filed by 敖志辉 filed Critical 敖志辉
Priority to CN2008101815220A priority patent/CN101444193B/en
Publication of CN101444193A publication Critical patent/CN101444193A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101444193B publication Critical patent/CN101444193B/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for breeding sea cucumber in a bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage and the method relates to agriculture-seawater buoyant raft net cage breeding. Seashell seawater buoyant raft net cage breeding with high density in large scale for a long causes environmental deterioration of the breeding sea area, the reduction of nutriment, unsmooth water flow, frequent occurrence of disease and insect pest and the like, so that not only the bred seashell quality is reduced, but the paroxysmal death in large scale also increases the breeding cost and increases the risk of seashell breeding. The invention adopts a novel sea cucumber breeding method that the existing breeding apparatus for the seashell breeding such as a buoyant raft, a net cage and the like are adjusted and changed slightly for use, and the bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage is used for breeding the sea cucumber in the sea area under qualified conditions. Organism and bacteria such as plenty of shells and the like deposited at the seabed of the seashell breeding sea area are all the main bait of the sea cucumber. After one period of 2 to 3 years of the sea cucumber breeding, the ocean ecological environment is improved, the nutriment required by the seashell is recovered, and partial of station rafts are changed to breed the seashell again. The invention can realize that the sea cucumber and the seashell are bred synchronously in proportion.

Description

A kind of method of breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage

Technical field

The present invention relates to agriculture seawater buoyancy raft net cage culture, is that the buoyant raft that utilizes existing cultivated shellfish, cylinder mould etc. are cultured utensil, changes through less adjustment and cultures sea cucumber.

Technical background

China marine site is vast, and the mariculture development is swift and violent, and cultured output occupies first of the world, and wherein shellfish culture accounts for more than 75% of gross yield.The shellfish culture of long-term large scale and high density has partly been cultured the marine site in Liaoning etc. and has been caused that seawater nutrient descends, current are smooth, damage by disease and insect takes place frequently, quality shellfish low with large-area sudden death, the marine shellfish aquaculture cost is improved, risk increases.The shellfish culture base Liaoning Province Changhai County maximum with China is example, and 1-6 month seawater aquaculture output had fallen 33.8% on a year-on-year basis in 2008.

Summary of the invention

How to evade the shellfish culture risk, the adjustment breed variety of suiting measures to local conditions, it is scientific and reasonable that to utilize marine resources to become inferior position be one of new problem of facing of mariculture industry into advantage.The present invention provides a kind of method of breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage, is that the buoyant raft that utilizes cultivated shellfish, cylinder mould etc. are cultured utensil, changes through less adjustment, adopts half seabed, half suspension type cylinder mould to culture sea cucumber in marine site with good conditionsi.This cultural method meets the habit of growth of sea cucumber, and sea-bottom deposit organic matters such as a large amount of shells and bacterium all is the main bait of sea cucumber in the marine site of original cultivated shellfish.

The technical scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention is adopted is: the raft body of adjustment buoyant raft and buoyancy rope and lifting rope length; Make it can be in the time of low water, the length that the buoyancy rope adds lifting rope be greater than the distance of sea to the seabed, and the assurance cylinder mould can sink to the seabed fully; When full sea, cylinder mould can break away from the seabed fully.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: make rational use of resources, the improvement marine eco-environment promotes the mariculture ecological balance, reduces aquaculture cost and risk, improves the culturing economic benefit.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is when different tidal level, the residing location status sketch map of cylinder mould, and (1) is that buoyant spheres, (2) they are that buoyancy rope, (3) they are that raft body, (4) they are that lifting rope, (5) they are that cylinder mould, (6) they are that sandbag, (7) they are rod (bamboo poles).A, B, C represent the position on full sea, half tide, time of low water sea respectively, and D representes the position in seabed.

Fig. 1-1 representes the time of low water, and cylinder mould sinks to the state in seabed fully.

When Fig. 1-2 represented half tide, cylinder mould partly sank to the state in seabed.

During Fig. 1-3 expression full sea, cylinder mould breaks away from the state in seabed fully.

Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1-3.

Fig. 3 is improved cylinder mould dividing plate, is on original cylinder mould dividing plate, to process two big holes.

Embodiment

Adjust raft body and the buoyancy rope and lifting rope length of buoyant raft by above-mentioned Fig. 1, make it can be in the time of low water, the length that the buoyancy rope adds lifting rope be greater than the distance of sea to the seabed, and the assurance cylinder mould can sink to the seabed fully, and when full sea, cylinder mould can break away from seabed (like Fig. 1-3) fully.

Buoyancy rope is relevant with the quality in seabed with the concrete length of lifting rope, and buoyancy rope and lifting rope are lacked at the bottom of the silt, prevent that cylinder mould from being sticked by silt.Otherwise husky mud spacer screen cage is difficult for being fallen into, and can suitably increase the length of buoyancy rope and lifting rope, let cylinder mould in the seabed time of staying long.

Cylinder mould is stretching, again two rods (bamboo pole) are fixed together with cotton rope and cylinder mould, make cylinder mould keep propping up state.

The cylinder mould dividing plate of original shellfish culture is formed 1.5~2 times of diameter by sea cucumber make a call to two circular holes, also can order the cylinder mould that satisfies above-mentioned condition separately.Two circular holes be for make sea cucumber can be in cylinder mould easy on and off current, ingesting etc. to sea cucumber provides more convenience.

The cylinder mould bottom is hung sandbag (6), prevent that impacting lower net cage in trend too drifts about.

According to the distance between the individual size adjustment cylinder mould dividing plate of culturing sea cucumber, select the suitable net sheet of mesh.

Confirm cultivation density according to the sea area natural environment, to the seabed have enrich food resource cultivation density more greatly, otherwise then littler.General sea area through long-term shellfish culture, the seabed food resource is rich all, and each raft is hung 60-80 cylinder mould.

Selecting not bait throwing in is children's ginseng that breed in the middle of condition, marine, about the long 3cm of body, and every cage 40-60 head (15 layers of dividing plate) does not have bait throwing in cultures, and adjustment buoyancy is restricted in good time in breeding process, can promote that sea cucumber grows fast.Culturing the sea area with the smooth shellfish of shrimp is example; The general depth of water is all more than 10 meters, and there is a fixed difference difference in Various Seasonal sea and seabed, and the summer high-temperature phase lets cylinder mould stop in the seabed as far as possible; Spring and early summer marine organisms active, water temperature suitable; Can cylinder mould be improved, that has a mind to lets various marine organisms such as mussel attached on the cylinder mould, replenishes more how natural organic nutrient substance to sea cucumber.

If select seedling under autumn end; Can hang on the buoyant raft at the opening cylinder mould sky that prop up rod summer; Let and overwork attachment inside and outside the cylinder mould, to the certain natural organic bait of sea cucumber deposit, but in the cylinder mould during dress seedling; To harmful animal things such as the fish in the cylinder mould, crab, starfish be removed, behind the sea cucumber seedling of packing into cylinder mould sewed up with cotton rope.This cylinder mould is cultured the invasion that the sea cucumber method can also effectively prevent sea cucumber harmful animals such as fish, crab and starfish.

Sea cucumber is an omnivore; In marine site with good conditionsi, can hang oneself at the lifting rope at cylinder mould top and support some green plantss, like sea-tangle, undaria pinnitafida etc. (specifically can with reference to the cultural method of sea-tangle and undaria pinnitafida); Select suitable opportunity; Connect rope (band root) and be transplanted on one's body the raft at cylinder mould top growing into sea-tangle or undaria pinnitafida more than 1 meter, and let the blade in the growth can contact as much as possible, make sea cucumber that the chance of feed also arranged under the cylinder mould suspended state near arriving cylinder mould.

Holothruian cultures through one-period (2-3) improve the marine eco-environment, and the nutriment that shellfish needs is restored; Again a part of platform raft is changed and support shellfish; Be implemented in the certain sea area inland sea and participate in shellfish with supporting, like this can be under the prerequisite of marine ecology balance, promote that two kinds of material cultures can both healthy nuisanceless growth; Reach resource and rationally utilize, to promote the sustainable development of seawater buoyancy raft net cage culture with the breed utensil.

The growth cycle of holothruian cultures and shellfish culture is similar, but the economic worth of sea cucumber is much larger than shellfish, and preventing and kill off of stained thing will consume lot of manpower and material resources on the shellfish culture cylinder mould, sea cucumber then antithesis, stained thing is the fabulous natural bait of sea cucumber.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage; Be to be the basis with buoyant raft, the cylinder mould that has shellfish culture now; Change through less adjustment, it is stretching to be about to cylinder mould, two rods or bamboo pole is fixed together with cotton rope and cylinder mould again; Make cylinder mould keep propping up state, the 1.5-2 that on the cylinder mould dividing plate, forms diameter by sea cucumber doubly makes a call to two circular holes; Adopt the method for half seabed, half suspension type buoyancy raft net cage culture to culture sea cucumber in the marine site of original cultivated shellfish; It is characterized in that: the length of the raft body of adjustment buoyant raft and buoyancy rope and lifting rope; Make it can be in the time of low water; The length that the buoyancy rope adds lifting rope guarantees that greater than the distance of sea to the seabed cylinder mould can sink to the seabed fully, and cylinder mould can break away from the seabed fully when full sea.
CN2008101815220A 2008-10-28 2008-11-20 Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage CN101444193B (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810175911 2008-10-28
CN200810175911.2 2008-10-28
CN2008101815220A CN101444193B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-11-20 Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008101815220A CN101444193B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-11-20 Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101444193A CN101444193A (en) 2009-06-03
CN101444193B true CN101444193B (en) 2012-07-25

Family

ID=40740307

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2008101815220A CN101444193B (en) 2008-10-28 2008-11-20 Method for breeding sea cucumber in bathyal half-hanging buoyant raft net cage
CN2009202665165U CN201663859U (en) 2008-10-28 2009-10-27 Semi-submerged semi-suspended type floating raft-cage device for culturing sea cucumbers
CN200920268592XU CN201938196U (en) 2008-10-28 2009-10-27 Device for breeding sea cucumbers in bathyal half-hanging floating raft and cage

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202665165U CN201663859U (en) 2008-10-28 2009-10-27 Semi-submerged semi-suspended type floating raft-cage device for culturing sea cucumbers
CN200920268592XU CN201938196U (en) 2008-10-28 2009-10-27 Device for breeding sea cucumbers in bathyal half-hanging floating raft and cage

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (3) CN101444193B (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101720692A (en) * 2008-10-28 2010-06-09 敖志辉 Method for breeding sea cucumbers in bathyal half-hanging floating rafts and cages
CN101958055B (en) * 2010-11-03 2012-09-05 重庆抛物线信息技术有限责任公司 Parking induction management system
CN104430063A (en) * 2013-09-24 2015-03-25 敖志辉 Device for automatically cleaning net cage underwater
CN104430059A (en) * 2013-09-24 2015-03-25 敖志辉 Method for automatically cleaning net cage underwater
CN104542363A (en) * 2013-10-12 2015-04-29 敖志辉 Device for spatial coculture of shellfish and sea cucumber seedlings by utilizing same buoyant raft
CN104938359A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 敖志辉 Frame type holothurian culture net cage
CN104938364A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 敖志辉 Square frame type holothurian cultivation net cage
CN104938369A (en) * 2014-03-28 2015-09-30 敖志辉 Ecological raising method for sea cucumber seedlings by using net cage under the sea
CN105830976A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-08-10 大连理工大学 Scallop cage allowing quick sewing

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1720790A (en) * 2004-07-14 2006-01-18 中国科学院海洋研究所 An ecology breeding method for shallow sea seashell
CN201075945Y (en) * 2007-08-29 2008-06-25 敖志辉 Automatic cleaning device for mesh cage
CN101288386A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 李永纪 Sludge submarine sea cucumber culture tank and breeding method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1720790A (en) * 2004-07-14 2006-01-18 中国科学院海洋研究所 An ecology breeding method for shallow sea seashell
CN201075945Y (en) * 2007-08-29 2008-06-25 敖志辉 Automatic cleaning device for mesh cage
CN101288386A (en) * 2008-06-06 2008-10-22 李永纪 Sludge submarine sea cucumber culture tank and breeding method

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王兴强等.刺参养殖技术.《河北渔业》.2006,(第5期),第23页第4节. *
袁秀堂等.刺参对浅海筏式贝类养殖系统的修复潜力.《应用生态学报》.2008,第19卷(第4期),866-872. *
陈学刚等.刺参增养殖技术.《河北渔业》.2006,(第6期),16,43. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN201663859U (en) 2010-12-08
CN201938196U (en) 2011-08-24
CN101444193A (en) 2009-06-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103875575B (en) Breeding method for South American white shrimps in freshwater lake
CN100577002C (en) Production method for summer offspring of Songjiang blue pickerel
CN102771377B (en) Artificial seedling raising and cultivating method of edible sargassum.naozhouense
CN103392675B (en) Stereoscopic comprehensive ecological culture method of multiple species in stichopus japonicus pond
CN102939924B (en) Method for artificially breeding sepia lycidas gray
CN101491221B (en) Seashell and algae shallow-sea ecology rearing device and method
CN103461231B (en) A kind of reinforced wind wave resistance oyster culture method
CN203554994U (en) Combined type artificial algal reef
CN103609424B (en) A kind of composite type artificial algal reef
CN102283150B (en) Method for pond culturing Coilia ectenes
Qasim et al. Aquaculture of green mussel Mytilus viridis L.: cultivation on ropes from floating rafts
CN104082248B (en) The method of the simple and easy cultivation freshwater rotifer of a kind of small-scale
CN105494177B (en) A kind of producing method for seed of the long breeding line of Portuguese oyster speed
CN102823529B (en) Sepia lycidas fry breeding method
CN202979890U (en) Wave-resistant liftable shellfish raft type cultivating device
CN101637141B (en) Method for breeding octopus in man-made pond
CN103026988A (en) Indoor intensive artificial breeding technique of Yangtze River Coilia ectenes
CN102499158B (en) High-density industrial seed culture method for freshwater shrimps
CN202406810U (en) Multifunctional fish reef type cuttlefish egg collector
CN102224800B (en) Summering cultivation method for seedlings of Hizikia fusiform (Harv)Okamura juvenile sporophytes
CN101720685B (en) High strength selecting and cultivating method of excellent stichopus japonicus seeds
CN204676512U (en) A kind of aquaculture floater collecting device
CN101703024B (en) Method and device for cage propagation of Portunus trituberculatus Miers in coastal mudflat pond
CN104145866B (en) The method of Leusiscus brandti artificial breeding, enhancement releasing
CN102499053A (en) Kelp deep-water composite space culture facility and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: DALIAN AOLONG AQUATIC PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY PROMOTION

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: AO ZHIHUI

Effective date: 20130812

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20130812

Address after: 116021 No. 30 Hua Hua Street, Shahekou District, Liaoning, Dalian 2-1

Patentee after: Dalian long dragon aquatic products technology promotion Co., Ltd.

Address before: 116021 No. 30 Hua Hua Street, Shahekou District, Liaoning, Dalian 2-1

Patentee before: Ao Zhihui

C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120725

Termination date: 20171120