CN203487426U - Crisscross urban overpass - Google Patents

Crisscross urban overpass Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203487426U
CN203487426U CN201320403119.4U CN201320403119U CN203487426U CN 203487426 U CN203487426 U CN 203487426U CN 201320403119 U CN201320403119 U CN 201320403119U CN 203487426 U CN203487426 U CN 203487426U
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bridge
course
motor vehicle
track
underground
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陈如国
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陈如国
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a crisscross urban overpass, and relates to a land overpass which is erected on a busy intersection in a city, andconsists of an overground layer, a ground layer and an underground layer,can realizethe multi-direction running and the separation of pedestrian and vehicleswithout mutual interference in all directions and occupiesa small area and in which underground tunnels are connected with parking lots of surrounding buildings. The crisscross urban overpass comprises running pavements in four directions, four diversion bridges, eight tunnels connected with underground parking lots, four motor vehicle left-turn underground channels, two motor vehicle straight viaducts, an I-shaped pedestrian overpass, four right-turn motor vehicle ramps and piers. The area occupied by the crisscross urban overpass in compact combination is almost equal to anoriginal area of plane traffic, and the underground parking lots of the surrounding buildings also can be connected underground; and therefore, land resources are saved, and the structure is simple and beautiful, compact and easy to understand, firm,safe and convenient to go through, and realizes the few crossings and large flow; moreover, without a grade crossing or traffic light all-through mode, the crisscross urban overpass is compatible with the surrounding development environment and the like.

Description

Cross urban interchange
Technical field
The utility model cross urban interchange relates to is on a right-angled intersection bustling in city, design by ground, ground, F3/B3, multi-directionly travel, human and vehicle shunting respectively to not interfereing with each other, floor space is few and the land overpass bridge that has subterranean tunnel to be connected with surrounding buildings parking lot.
Background technology
Know altogether at present the bustling crossing that wagon flow in city, the stream of people, commercial building are very many, the situation that the huge stream of people that the development of wagon flow drives with business development perplexs mutually with intensive commercial building becomes more and more serious trend.This three's development is all that social development is necessary, can not suppress any development wherein, yet the stream of people at crossing growth now and the intensive development of commercial building more and more make the development of wagon flow move towards the stifled development of a kind of car, make three's development perfectly promote social development, that just must design a shutdown system that can merge the overpass bridge of three's development and can hightail traffic.Search for and numerous building overpass bridge and patent of invention, in structure, see the large difference of overpass bridge still and on speedway, general have partially: floor space is large, aboveground space height large, the amplitude that detours is large, thus particularly the left turn lane amplitude of detouring have nearly for several times, sidewalk scope of design makes greatly that pedestrian can not take a shortcut, crossing and around parking lot there is no the problems such as efficient connector; Search for underground parking system, China also can say in most city not starting again.These problems make will produce a lot of insurmountable difficulties in the wagon flow, the stream of people, commercial building three fusion development at crossing: as floor space is large, aboveground space height is large, problem that the amplitude that detours is large, sidewalk scope of design is large has not only increased driving people and pedestrian fatigue, expended national resource, evacuated commercial building, also critical self building firmly reduced shock resistance make to drive a vehicle people's also reduction greatly of safety, all can directly affect the stream of people's minimizing and the landing of business above; Focus on passing through and despise parking, make motor vehicles parking very difficult, the speed that departs from traffic is also just very slow, has affected greatly the traffic efficiency of traffic integral body, the self-growth space that has reduced wagon flow and business.All difficulties cause professional person in the traffic programme at bustling crossing in city, the whole world substantially just overpass bridge to be got rid of outside, are seeing bustling crossing is stopped up and at one's wit's end.
Summary of the invention
The utility model object is for above-mentioned weak point, a kind of cross urban interchange is provided, the capable urban interchange of this cross can greatly improve the advantage of overpass bridge and improve parking function, make the fusion common development that wagon flow can height in bustling crossing and the stream of people, commercial building, the capable urban interchange of this cross, city from now on can be used in bustling central business district and improve the overpass bridge that road traffic efficiency contributes to again commercial economy development, and can form intensive Urban Rapid-Transport net.
The utility model cross urban interchange is to take following technical scheme to realize:
Cross urban interchange comprises that the enforcement road surface of 4 directions, 4 bridges that change its course, 8 connect motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of the tunnel of underground parkings, 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages, 2 spaced and parallel, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, 4 right-hand rotation motor vehicle ring roads and bridge pier.They are with ground, underground, and 3-tier architecture form, in the compact firm area that is combined in 4 the direction roads in decussation crossing, has formed this cross overpass bridge on the ground.
The all directions four direction that the track of 4 described directions is crossroad has respectively 4 straight line roads, they are exactly the track of 4 directions of this bridge, the track of each direction has 8 roads, article 8, road comprises the nonmotorized vehicle lane of 2 spaced and parallel, article 2, spaced and parallel right-turn lane in opposite directions, article 2, spaced and parallel straight line track in opposite directions, the left turn lane of 2 parallel opposed longer sides.The final shaping of bridge and can provide the required motor vehicle track of various travel directions and nonmotorized vehicle lane must have the track of these 4 directions to be used as basis.
4 described bridges that change its course: the enforcement road surface of crossroad four direction, each direction is exercised the left-hand bend motorway of two parallel opposed longer sides in the middle of road surface, from crossing, general 150 meters of all disconnect, a two-layer bridge is established respectively in the centre disconnecting, and 20 meters of break distances, are the length of this bridge, article two, the width of left-hand bend motorway is that bridge is wide, on Jiu road surface, bridge upper strata, bridge lower floor is the depths of underground 6 meters, and this two-layer bridge is exactly the seat bridge that changes its course.The bridge plane that changes its course has four direction, towards crossing be bridge before, dorsad crossing be bridge after, change its course and have two tracks before bridge: left road be one section from the bridge upper strata of changing its course toward crossing the descending on high 6 meters of underground direction slope, this is for turning left into stooping ramp, right road is the subterranean tunnel of bridge lower floor 6 meters of underground layer depths to crossing of changing its course, this is the curved subterranean tunnel that turns left out, changing its course after bridge is also two tracks: left road is that the bridge lower floor of changing its course deviates from the up gradient that crossing leads to high 6 meters of slope, road surface, this is the curved up gradient that turns left out, right road is to turn left into detour face motorway, changing its course about bridge is two tunnels that connect underground parkings.From above, find out that the bridge that changes its course cuts off two of the centres on each direction running road surface parallel opposed longer sides left-hand bend motorway by the waist, with reversibly without the right and left mutually changing of at grade intersection individual traveling-position.Left-hand rotation on each direction running road surface enters the motor vehicle on sweep like this, through the left side, bridge upper strata of changing its course, change its course and glitch-freely enter into stooping ramp, the left-hand rotation that underground 6 meters of left steerings connect under an adjacent direction running road surface, the left side at crossing goes out curved subterranean tunnel, then on the bridge lower floor right side of changing its course of this direction, changes its course and just can glitch-free leading to turn left out curved up gradient.A complete left-hand bend process has simply completed like this, because there being 4 direction running road surfaces just to have 4 bridges that change its course, the equal situation of left-hand bend automobile-use in 4 direction running road surfaces, noiseless and the compact left-hand bend that clearly completes that just can take a short cut of equal aspect, this is to make the crucial part that remaining craspedodrome and right-hand rotation motor vehicle track on the ground can easier distribution design.
8 described tunnels that connect underground parking: every the bridge that changes its course, its plane has 4 directions, facing to crossing be bridge before, back to crossing be bridge after, front and back are connected by various left-hand rotations discrepancy sweeps, and left and right directions just can have been got through tunnel for connecting the underground parking on both sides, Here it is connects the tunnel of underground parking.4 bridge left and right totally 8 tunnels that connect underground parking respectively that change its course, it is the capable urban interchange minimum standard design of this cross, no matter be in the urban traffic of blocking up in modern times or in following unknown traffic, wagon flow is the ability with the first convenient stop in place in the business at bustling crossing, so wagon flow hightail traffic ability and road traffic service efficiency will improve greatly, from the fusion of bridge and periphery business development, consider again, this connection tunnel has been very large effect, and the popularity of bringing will substantially exceed the inconvenient crossing business band that stops.Deduction that can be clear and definite business development scale is from now on increasing, and underground parking system is absolutely necessary, and 8 tunnels that connect underground parkings are exactly that this bridge can be followed permanent use of social development and the significant design that keeps up with.
4 described motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their left turn lanes are intersected change 90 of 20 meters of radiuses into and spend 6 meters, fillet sinking ground, the two ends of each fillet have respectively individual fillet adjacent, the left side has one end that fillet is adjacent to receive the bridge upper strata of changing its course on correspondence direction track with turning left to stoop ramp, the right has one end that fillet is adjacent with the curved subterranean tunnel that turns left out, to be connected to the lower floor of the bridge that changes its course on correspondence direction track, through changing its course, changing its course of bridge lower floor reconnects out curved up gradient, 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages have been linked to be.From turning left into stooping the ramp H1 → curved subterranean tunnel G1 that turns left out → QiaoD4 lower floor of the changing its course → curved up gradient J1 that turns left out, be so just linked to be the 1. bar motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage; The motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage being linked to be so respectively also has 3: 2. turning left, the ramp H2 → curved subterranean tunnel G2 that turns left out → QiaoD1 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J2 turns left out into stooping; 3. turning left, the ramp H3 → curved subterranean tunnel G3 that turns left out → QiaoD2 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J3 turns left out into stooping; 4. turning left, the ramp H4 → curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out → QiaoD3 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J4 turns left out into stooping.It is almost identical with motor vehicle left-hand bend circuit plane traffic simple that vehicle enters to be bent to out curved travel route from passage, get rid of the lost He Zhao road situation that complex circuit causes, again because there is the tunnel that connects underground parking centre, thereby it is shortcut and glitch-free left-hand bend traffic route and parking route.
2 described spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, be chosen to the track of the both direction of straight line, in intersection, their direct lane is chosen high 6 meters, across the track of crossing straight two other direction.Choose high two ends and with the ramp that meets national standard, connect corresponding separately track craspedodrome road respectively, 2 spaced bridges that form are like this exactly 2 spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, the solution that this viaduct is short and sweet the motor vehicle of the road of keeping straight in four direction track without at grade intersection by the problem at crossing.
A described I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, the track of high keep straight on overhead and straight both direction is chosen in selection, above this two tracks left turn lane, choose 6 meters of tall persons across road surface, cross the road surface of sailing of straight two other direction row, choosing high two ends divides and with twice descending, arrives road surface and connect the nonmotorized vehicle lane on corresponding track, the descending extending down by choosing high two ends, road surface straight line for the first time, length and the gradient are determined by two tie points: choose high two ends and be respectively first point, craspedodrome viaduct descending on equidirectional track and when turning left to stoop clear height between ramp and arriving 7 meters of sections, at this section, be that two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct gug in opposite directions is respectively established a bridge pier, and this two bridge pier is seen respectively from top to bottom, two regions of general 2.7 meters to 3 meters are docked mutually and are formed a crossbeam, 1 meter of crossbeam width, 0.3 meter of height, Length Ratio is chosen long 6 meters of high width of roadway, this crossbeam is exactly second point, domatic length and the gradient of descending for the first time of just having determined of these 2 nearest connections, on the basis of this crossbeam length, establish the rectangular planes of individual wide 3 meters, the two ends of this rectangular planes section bridge pier of ining succession, near choosing the long one end mid portion in the high road surface descending for the first time of ining succession, the part that the two ends that rectangular planes is long are like this vacated, just can select 4 faces, with 4 directions, use the ramp that meets national standard respectively, become the corresponding nonmotorized vehicle lane of I-shaped connection, this is descending for the second time.Choose the high I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing that just formed after twice descending across two ends, road surface, this pedestrian overcrossing can be for solving all bicycles on four direction track and the stream of people's the current demand of omnirange.With all people's row overline bridge ratio, it is to belong to succinct, path a kind of pedestrian overcrossing short and that disturb without motor vehicle again.
4 described right turn ramps: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their right-turn lane is intersected change 90 degree fillets of 20 meters of radiuses into and choose respectively high 3 meters, each fillet has two ends, direction connects the right-turn lane on this track facing to one end without the overhead ramp of keeping straight on track with national standard ramp, direction, facing to having the one end in the overhead ramp of keeping straight on track first with the straight way and the parallel together descending that crosses again in overhead ramp of keeping straight on of level, has so just formed respectively 4 right turn ramps.Right-hand rotation circuit chooses that high to become ring road be in order to meet bicycle and the stream of people the passing through that motor vehicle interferes with each other of getting along well.
Described bridge pier: press 2 spaced and parallel in cross overpass bridge motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, article 4, right turn ramp and 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage compact firm distribution requirements of energy mutually, what support that motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing choose high two ends is 2 Double Column Piers, support in the middle of motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing is 1 large single-column bridge pier, support the capable pedestrian overcrossing descending of I-shaped be 2 by support pedestrian overcrossing for the first time the crossbeam of Caused by Sloping Surfaces connect the assembled pier that the bridge pier of both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending forms, support motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct ramp in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and 4 left-hand bends ramp be a plurality of common bridge piers.
Choose the different distribution in high road surface and staggered all can to bring the distribution of bridge pier and the difference of shape, the bridge pier of this bridge be mainly to distribute according to the position of 2 spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, 4 right turn ramps and 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages in opposite directions.Because their distribution and staggered situation are compact, just there are some special distributing position and face shapings in some bridge piers for this reason, as pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel high two ends of motor vehicle craspedodrome elevated bridge cantilever in opposite directions, respectively establishing must be just all Double Column Piers, because there are two adjacent left-hand bend fillets the middle below this bridge pier, must could establish the foundation points of bridge pier on their both sides; In the middle of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, establish and be just necessary for large single-column bridge pier, because this bridge pier foundation points only has the centre position of selecting 4 left-hand bend fillets below pedestrian overcrossing center, the bent cap that establish at top is long, to support the center weight of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions; The descending at craspedodrome viaduct two ends has a plurality of bridge piers to support, and wherein just has two bridge piers, and these two bridge piers are by the support pedestrian overcrossing assembled pier that the bridge pier of the crossbeam connection both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending of Caused by Sloping Surfaces forms for the first time because of each bridge pier; Article 4, the bridge pier below right turn ramp is just more general, comprises 4 bridge piers choosing under high ring road.Bridge pier is must have for the stabilized structure of bridge.
The cross urban interchange of the utility model is reasonable in design, the shared area of compact combination original area of isoplanar traffic such as almost, the space taking be have underground, ground, three layers on the ground, but every kind of traveling lane does not exceed 2 layers, the underground underground parking that can also connect surrounding building, keep straight on, turn left, motor vehicle and the bicycle of turning right can be taken their own roads, the advantage that this bridge can show is thus a lot: save land resources, simple for structure attractive in appearance, understandable through gathering, firm safety, current convenient, few flow that interweaves is large, without at grade intersection without traffic lights all-pass formula, can dissolve in periphery development environment etc.Thereby can make the intensive network of communication lines of noiseless all-pass in city from now on can be able to easier enforcement.
The utility model has mainly solved following some problem that in city, busy crossroad is badly in need of:
1, pedestrian, bicycle, motor vehicle be without red street lamp, the problem of travelling at the parting of the ways without at grade intersection all-pass formula.
2, wagon flow, the stream of people, non-vehicle flow can be with the route of shortcut by the problems of crossroad.
3, use the fastest time wanting parked vehicles to depart from traffic, improve road traffic efficiency and highly merge the problem of crossing commercial building.
4, the problem in minimum land occupation and space.
5, the problem of short and sweet, the safety and firmness of Vehicle Driving Cycle road.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below with reference to accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail:
Fig. 1 is cross urban interchange schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the overpass bridge X-axis line direction sectional view of cross urban interchange.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in the middle square frame of the overpass bridge X-axis line direction sectional view of Fig. 2 cross urban interchange.
Fig. 4 be cross urban interchange overpass bridge Y-axis line direction sectional view.
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing in the middle square frame of the overpass bridge Y-axis line direction sectional view of Fig. 4 cross urban interchange.
The accompanying drawing of cross urban interchange is comprised of Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5.Fig. 1 is cross urban interchange schematic diagram; Fig. 2 is the overpass bridge X-axis line direction sectional view of cross urban interchange, cross-sectional in X-axis line; Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in the middle square frame of the overpass bridge X-axis line direction sectional view of Fig. 2 cross urban interchange; Fig. 4 be cross urban interchange overpass bridge Y-axis line direction sectional view, vertical profile is in Y-axis line; Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing in the middle square frame of the overpass bridge Y-axis line direction sectional view of Fig. 4 cross urban interchange.These 5 accompanying drawings are general outward appearance and the placement schemes that show the every summary of the invention of this bridge, not big or small as the real size of this bridge, a little numerals and letter in figure, have been used respectively, marked out every summary of the invention of this bridge and crucial contact point between them, Fig. 1 has also marked north pointer direction, X-axis, Y-axis and track small arrow, and these marks are all for effectively writing the every summary of the invention distribution situation of explanation and each householder method to vehicle travel situations in cross overpass bridge.
The summary of the invention marking in figure and each crucial contact point have respectively: motorway 1, motorway 2, motorway 3, motorway 4, motorway 5, motorway 6, motorway 7, motorway 8, motorway 9, motorway 10, motorway 11, motorway 12, motorway 13, motorway 14, motorway 15, motorway 16, motorway 17, motorway 18, motorway 19, motorway 20, motorway 21, motorway 22, motorway 23, motorway 24 is respectively 24 motorways on 4 direction running road surfaces, nonmotorized vehicle lane 25, nonmotorized vehicle lane 26, nonmotorized vehicle lane 27, nonmotorized vehicle lane 28, nonmotorized vehicle lane 29, nonmotorized vehicle lane 30, nonmotorized vehicle lane 31, nonmotorized vehicle lane 32 is respectively 8 nonmotorized vehicle lanes on 4 direction running road surfaces, and bridge D1 changes its course, bridge D2 changes its course, bridge D3 changes its course, the bridge D4 that changes its course is respectively 4 bridges that change its course on 4 direction running road surfaces, tunnel F1, tunnel F2, tunnel F3, tunnel F4, tunnel F5, tunnel F6, tunnel F7, tunnel F8 is respectively 8 tunnels that connect underground parking, turns left into stooping ramp H1, turn left into stooping ramp H2, turn left into stooping ramp H3, turn left into stooping ramp H4, curved subterranean tunnel G1 turns left out, curved subterranean tunnel G2 turns left out, curved subterranean tunnel G3 turns left out, the curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out, curved up gradient J1 turns left out, curved up gradient J2 turns left out, curved up gradient J3 turns left out, the curved up gradient J4 that turns left out is respectively 12 road tunnels that are linked to be 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages in 4 direction running road surfaces, and pedestrian overcrossing C1 is an I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing across crossroad, craspedodrome viaduct A1, craspedodrome viaduct A2 is respectively across 2 spaced and parallel of crossroad motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, right turn ramp B1, right turn ramp B2, right turn ramp B3, right turn ramp B4 is respectively 4 right turn ramps on 4 direction running road surfaces, assembled pier Z1, Double Column Piers Z2, single-column bridge pier Z3, Double Column Piers Z4, assembled pier Z5, bridge pier Z6, bridge pier Z7, bridge pier Z8, bridge pier Z9 is respectively the main bridge pier of this bridge, contact point E1, contact point E2, contact point E3, contact point E4, contact point E5, contact point E6, contact point E7, contact point E8 is respectively 8 contact points on pedestrian overcrossing ramp and 4 direction running road surfaces, contact point L1, contact point L2, contact point L3, contact point L4 is respectively 2 spaced and parallel craspedodrome viaduct ramp in opposite directions and 4 contact points of track, contact point M1, contact point M2, contact point M3, contact point M4 is respectively 4 contact points in 4 right turn ramps and 2 spaced and parallel craspedodrome viaduct ramp in opposite directions, contact point K1, contact point K2, contact point K3, 4 contact points of 4 right turn ramps of contact point K4 difference and track.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1~5, cross urban interchange comprises that the enforcement road surface of 4 directions, 4 bridges that change its course, 8 connect motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of the tunnel of underground parkings, 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages, 2 spaced and parallel, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, 4 right-hand rotation motor vehicle ring roads and bridge pier.
The all directions four direction that the track of 4 described directions is crossroad has respectively 4 straight line roads, they are exactly the track of 4 directions of this bridge, the track of each direction has 8 roads: the nonmotorized vehicle lane of 2 spaced and parallel, article 2, spaced and parallel right-turn lane in opposite directions, article 2, spaced and parallel straight line track in opposite directions, the left turn lane of 2 parallel opposed longer sides.The final shaping of bridge and can provide the required motor vehicle track of various travel directions and nonmotorized vehicle lane must have the track of these 4 directions to be used as basis.
Described 4 bridges that change its course (D1, D2, D3, D4): the enforcement road surface of crossroad four direction, each direction is exercised the left-hand bend motorway of two parallel opposed longer sides in the middle of road surface, from crossing, general 150 meters of all disconnect, a two-layer bridge is established respectively in the centre disconnecting, and 20 meters of break distances, are the length of this bridge, article two, the width of left-hand bend motorway is that bridge is wide, on Jiu road surface, bridge upper strata, bridge lower floor is the depths of underground 6 meters, and this two-layer bridge is exactly the seat bridge that changes its course.The bridge plane that changes its course has four direction, towards crossing be bridge before, dorsad crossing be bridge after, the bridge (D1) that changes its course is front two tracks: left road be one section from the bridge upper strata of changing its course toward crossing the descending on high 6 meters of underground direction slope, this is for turning left into stooping ramp (H1), right road is the subterranean tunnel of bridge lower floor 6 meters of underground layer depths to crossing of changing its course, this is the curved subterranean tunnel (G2) that turns left out, changing its course after bridge (D1) is also two tracks: left road is that the bridge lower floor of changing its course deviates from the up gradient that crossing leads to high 6 meters of slope, road surface, this is the curved up gradient (J1) that turns left out, right road is to turn left into detour face motorway (4), changing its course about bridge is two tunnels that connect underground parkings.From above, find out that the bridge that changes its course cuts off two of the centres on each direction running road surface parallel opposed longer sides left-hand bend motorway by the waist, with reversibly without the right and left mutually changing of at grade intersection individual traveling-position.Left-hand rotation on each direction running road surface enters the motor vehicle on sweep like this, through the left side, bridge upper strata of changing its course, change its course and glitch-freely enter into stooping ramp, the left-hand rotation that underground 6 meters of left steerings connect under an adjacent direction running road surface, the left side at crossing goes out curved subterranean tunnel, then on the bridge lower floor right side of changing its course of this direction, changes its course and just can glitch-free leading to turn left out curved up gradient.A complete left-hand bend process has simply completed like this, because there being 4 direction running road surfaces just to have 4 bridges that change its course (D1, D2, D3, D4), the equal situation of left-hand bend automobile-use in 4 direction running road surfaces, noiseless and the compact left-hand bend that clearly completes that just can take a short cut of equal aspect, this is to make the crucial part that remaining craspedodrome and right-hand rotation motor vehicle track on the ground can easier distribution design.
8 described tunnel (F1, F2, F3 that connect underground parking ... F8): every the bridge that changes its course, its plane has 4 directions, facing to crossing be bridge before, back to crossing be bridge after, front and back are connected by various left-hand rotations discrepancy sweeps, and left and right directions just can have been got through tunnel for connecting the underground parking on both sides, Here it is connects the tunnel of underground parking.4 bridge left and right totally 8 tunnels that connect underground parking respectively that change its course, it is the capable urban interchange minimum standard design of this cross, no matter be in the urban traffic of blocking up in modern times or in following unknown traffic, wagon flow is the ability with the first convenient stop in place in the business at bustling crossing, so wagon flow hightail traffic ability and road traffic service efficiency will improve greatly, from the fusion of bridge and periphery business development, consider again, this connection tunnel has been very large effect, and the popularity of bringing will substantially exceed the inconvenient crossing business band that stops.Deduction that can be clear and definite business development scale is from now on increasing, and underground parking system is absolutely necessary, and 8 tunnels that connect underground parkings are exactly that this bridge can be followed permanent use of social development and the significant design that keeps up with.
4 described motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their left turn lanes are intersected change 90 of 20 meters of radiuses into and spend 6 meters, fillet sinking ground, the two ends of each fillet have respectively individual fillet adjacent, the left side has one end that fillet is adjacent to receive the bridge that changes its course (D1) upper strata on correspondence direction track with turning left to stoop ramp (H1), the right has one end that fillet is adjacent with the curved subterranean tunnel (G1) that turns left out, to be connected to the lower floor of the bridge that changes its course (D4) on correspondence direction track, through changing its course, changing its course of bridge lower floor reconnects out curved up gradient (J1), 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages have been linked to be.From turning left into stooping the ramp H1 → curved subterranean tunnel G1 that turns left out → QiaoD4 lower floor of the changing its course → curved up gradient J1 that turns left out, be so just linked to be the 1. bar motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage; The motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage being linked to be so respectively also has 3: 2. turning left, the ramp H2 → curved subterranean tunnel G2 that turns left out → QiaoD1 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J2 turns left out into stooping; 3. turning left, the ramp H3 → curved subterranean tunnel G3 that turns left out → QiaoD2 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J3 turns left out into stooping; 4. turning left, the ramp H4 → curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out → QiaoD3 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J4 turns left out into stooping.It is almost identical with motor vehicle left-hand bend circuit plane traffic simple that vehicle enters to be bent to out curved travel route from passage, get rid of the lost He Zhao road situation that complex circuit causes, again because there is the tunnel that connects underground parking centre, thereby it is shortcut and glitch-free left-hand bend traffic route and parking route.
2 described spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct (A1, A2) in opposite directions: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, be chosen to the track of the both direction of straight line, in intersection, their direct lane is chosen high 6 meters, across the track of crossing straight two other direction.Choose high two ends and with the ramp that meets national standard, connect corresponding separately track craspedodrome road respectively, 2 spaced bridges that form are like this exactly 2 spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct (A1, A2) in opposite directions, the solution that this viaduct is short and sweet the motor vehicle of the road of keeping straight in four direction track without at grade intersection by the problem at crossing.
When the track of a described I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing C1:4 direction intersects at the parting of the ways, the track of high keep straight on overhead and straight both direction is chosen in selection, above this two tracks left turn lane, choose 6 meters of tall persons across road surface, cross the road surface of sailing of straight two other direction row, choosing high two ends divides and with twice descending, arrives road surface and connect the nonmotorized vehicle lane on corresponding track, the descending extending down by choosing high two ends, road surface straight line for the first time, length and the gradient are determined by two tie points: choose high two ends and be respectively first point, craspedodrome viaduct descending on equidirectional track and when turning left to stoop clear height between ramp and arriving 7 meters of sections, at this section, be that two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct gug in opposite directions is respectively established a bridge pier, and this two bridge pier is seen respectively from top to bottom, two regions of general 2.7 meters to 3 meters are docked mutually and are formed a crossbeam, 1 meter of crossbeam width degree, 0.3 meter of height, Length Ratio is chosen long 6 meters of high width of roadway, this crossbeam is exactly second point, domatic length and the gradient of descending for the first time of just having determined of these 2 nearest connections, on the basis of this crossbeam length, establish the rectangular planes of individual wide 3 meters, the short two ends of this rectangular planes bridge pier of ining succession, near choosing the long one end mid portion in the high road surface descending for the first time of ining succession, the part that the two ends that rectangular planes is long are like this vacated, just can select 4 faces, with 4 directions, use the ramp that meets national standard respectively, become the corresponding nonmotorized vehicle lane of I-shaped connection, this is descending for the second time.Choose the high I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing that just formed after twice descending across two ends, road surface, this pedestrian overcrossing can be for solving all bicycles on four direction track and the stream of people's the current demand of omnirange.With all people's row overline bridge ratio, it is to belong to succinct, path a kind of pedestrian overcrossing short and that disturb without motor vehicle again.
4 described right turn ramp (B1, B2, B3, B4): when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their right-turn lane is intersected change 90 degree fillets of 20 meters of radiuses into and choose respectively high 3 meters, each fillet has two ends, direction connects the right-turn lane on this track facing to one end without the overhead ramp of keeping straight on track with national standard ramp, direction is facing to having the one end in the overhead ramp of craspedodrome on track first with the straight way of level and the parallel together descending that crosses again in overhead ramp of keeping straight on, 4 right turn ramps have so just been formed respectively.Right-hand rotation circuit chooses that high to become ring road be in order to meet bicycle and the stream of people the passing through that motor vehicle interferes with each other of getting along well.
Described bridge pier: press 2 spaced and parallel in cross overpass bridge motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, article 4, right turn ramp and 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage compact firm distribution requirements of energy mutually, that support that motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing choose high two ends is 2 Double Column Piers (Z2, Z4), support in the middle of motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing is 1 large single-column bridge pier Z3, support the capable pedestrian overcrossing descending of I-shaped be 2 by support pedestrian overcrossing for the first time the crossbeam of Caused by Sloping Surfaces connect the assembled pier (Z1 that the bridge pier of both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending forms, Z5), support motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct ramp in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and 4 left-hand bends ramp be a plurality of common bridge pier (Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9).
Choose the different distribution in high road surface and staggered all can to bring the distribution of bridge pier and the difference of shape, the bridge pier of this bridge be mainly to distribute according to the position of 2 spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, 4 right turn ramps and 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages in opposite directions.Because their distribution and staggered situation are compact, just there are some special distributing position and face shapings in some bridge piers for this reason, the bridge pier of respectively establishing as pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel high two ends of motor vehicle craspedodrome elevated bridge cantilever in opposite directions must be all just Double Column Piers (Z2, Z4), because there are two adjacent left-hand bend fillets the middle below this bridge pier, must could establish the foundation points of bridge pier on their both sides; The bridge pier of establishing in the middle of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions is just necessary for large single-column bridge pier Z3, because this bridge pier foundation points only has the centre position of selecting 4 left-hand bend fillets below pedestrian overcrossing center, the bent cap that establish at top is long, to support the center weight of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions; The descending at craspedodrome viaduct two ends has a plurality of bridge piers to support, and wherein just has two bridge piers, and these two bridge piers are by the support pedestrian overcrossing assembled pier (Z1, Z5) that the bridge pier of the crossbeam connection both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending of Caused by Sloping Surfaces forms for the first time; Article 4, the bridge pier below right turn ramp is just more general, comprises 4 bridge piers (Z6, Z7, Z8, Z9) of choosing under high ring road.Bridge pier is must have for the stabilized structure of bridge.
Cross urban interchange is at the parting of the ways can be glitch-free current and stop mutually for motor vehicle and bicycle.
The motor-driven vehicle going road that has 12 directions: 1, from south to northern craspedodrome motor-driven vehicle going road: motorway 5 → motorway 14; 2, from north to southern craspedodrome motor-driven vehicle going road: motorway 17 → motorway 2; 3, craspedodrome motor-driven vehicle going road from the east to the west: motorway 11 → contact point L2 → craspedodrome viaduct A1 → contact point L3 → motorway 20; 4, from west to eastern craspedodrome motor-driven vehicle going road: motorway 23 → contact point L4 → craspedodrome viaduct A2 → contact point L1 → motorway 8; 5, the motor-driven vehicle going road of turning right from south to east: motorway 6 → contact point K1 → right turn ramp B1 → contact point M1 → contact point L1 → motorway 7; 6, the motor-driven vehicle going road of turning right from east to north: motorway 12 → contact point L2 → contact point M2 → right turn ramp B2 → contact point K2 → motorway 13; 7, the motor-driven vehicle going road of turning right from north to west: motorway 18 → contact point K3 → right turn ramp B3 → contact point M3 → contact point L3 → motorway 19; 8, the motor-driven vehicle going road of turning right from west to south: motorway 24 → contact point L4 → contact point M4 → right turn ramp B4 → contact point K4 → motorway 1; 9, the motor-driven vehicle going road that turns left from south to west: the motorway 4 → bridge D1 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H1 → curved subterranean tunnel G1 that turns left out → QiaoD4 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J1 → motorway 21 turns left out into stooping; 10, the motor-driven vehicle going road that turns left from east to south: the motorway 10 → bridge D2 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H2 → curved subterranean tunnel G2 that turns left out → QiaoD1 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J2 → motorway 3 turns left out into stooping; 11, from north to eastern left-hand bend motor-driven vehicle going road: the motorway 16 → bridge D3 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H3 → curved subterranean tunnel G3 that turns left out → QiaoD2 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J3 → motorway 9 turns left out into stooping; 12, the motor-driven vehicle going road that turns left from west to north: the motorway 22 → bridge D4 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H4 → curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out → QiaoD3 lower floor of changing its course → curved up gradient J4 → motorway 15 turns left out into stooping.
The non-automotive vehicle road that has 12 directions: the non-automotive vehicle road of 1, keeping straight on from south to north: nonmotorized vehicle lane 26 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 29; 2, from north to southern craspedodrome non-automotive vehicle road: nonmotorized vehicle lane 30 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 25; The non-automotive vehicle road of 3, keeping straight on from the east to the west: nonmotorized vehicle lane 28 → contact point E7 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E1 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 31; The non-automotive vehicle road of 4, keeping straight on from west to east: nonmotorized vehicle lane 32 → contact point E2 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E8 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 27; The non-automotive vehicle road of 5, turning right from south to east: nonmotorized vehicle lane 26 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 27; The non-automotive vehicle road of 6, turning right from east to north: nonmotorized vehicle lane 28 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 29; The non-automotive vehicle road of 7, turning right from north to west: nonmotorized vehicle lane 30 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 31; The non-automotive vehicle road of 8, turning right from west to south: nonmotorized vehicle lane 32 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 25; 9, the non-automotive vehicle road turning left from south to west: nonmotorized vehicle lane 26 → contact point E6 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E1 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 31; 10, the non-automotive vehicle road turning left from east to south: nonmotorized vehicle lane 28 → contact point E7 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E4 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 25; 11, the non-automotive vehicle road turning left from north to east: nonmotorized vehicle lane 30 → contact point E3 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E8 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 27; 12, the non-automotive vehicle road turning left from west to north: nonmotorized vehicle lane 32 → contact point E2 → pedestrian overcrossing C1 → contact point E5 → nonmotorized vehicle lane 29.
The motor vehicle underground parking route that has 8 directions: 1, from the underground route in parking lot, northing northeast: the motorway 16 → bridge D3 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H3 → curved subterranean tunnel G3 that turns left out → QiaoD2 lower floor → tunnel F4 changes its course into stooping; 2, from the underground route in parking lot, the northing southeast: the motorway 16 → bridge D3 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, H3 → tunnel, ramp G3 → QiaoD2 lower floor → tunnel F3 changes its course into stooping; 3, from west, enter the underground route in parking lot, northwest: the motorway 22 → bridge D4 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H4 → curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out → QiaoD3 lower floor → tunnel F6 changes its course into stooping; 4, from west, enter the underground route in parking lot, northeast: the motorway 22 → bridge D4 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H4 → curved subterranean tunnel G4 that turns left out → QiaoD3 lower floor → tunnel F5 changes its course into stooping; 5, from the underground route in parking lot, southing southwest: the motorway 4 → bridge D1 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H1 → curved subterranean tunnel G1 that turns left out → QiaoD4 lower floor → tunnel F8 changes its course into stooping; 6, the underground route in northern parking lot from southing northwest: the motorway 4 → bridge D1 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H1 → curved subterranean tunnel G1 that turns left out → QiaoD4 lower floor → tunnel F7 changes its course into stooping; 7, from east, enter the underground route in parking lot, the southeast: the motorway 10 → bridge D2 upper strata of changing its course → turn left into the tunnel F2 that stoops the ramp H2 → curved subterranean tunnel G2 that turns left out → QiaoD1 lower floor → connection underground parking of changing its course; 8, from east, enter the underground route in southwestern parking lot: the motorway 10 → bridge D2 upper strata of changing its course → turning left, the ramp H2 → curved subterranean tunnel G2 that turns left out → QiaoD1 lower floor → tunnel F1 changes its course into stooping.
This bridge is seen in appearance, the moulding of every summary of the invention and distribution have special intention, but technical from their engineering-built, in each building of epoch now, there is similar place, so can saying, engineering construction technology arrived ripe stage.What its enforcement existed is all a little underlying issues, and for this bridge can work at critical junction, the track width of 4 directions in crossroad is minimum will be reached 8 and widen track, and the soil space under road will have minimum 6 meters of degree of depth primitively.It is special that this bridge is exactly an intention, and construction is invention simply.

Claims (3)

1. a cross urban interchange, is characterized in that: comprise that the enforcement road surface of 4 directions, 4 bridges that change its course, 8 connect motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of the tunnel of underground parkings, 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages, 2 spaced and parallel, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, 4 right-hand rotation motor vehicle ring roads and bridge pier;
The all directions four direction that the track of 4 described directions is crossroad has respectively 4 straight line roads, it is exactly the track of 4 directions of this bridge, the track of each direction has 8 roads, and 8 roads comprise right-turn lane in opposite directions of the nonmotorized vehicle lane of 2 spaced and parallel, 2 spaced and parallel, 2 spaced and parallel straight line tracks in opposite directions, the left turn lane of 2 parallel opposed longer sides;
4 described bridges that change its course: the enforcement road surface of crossroad four direction, each direction is exercised the left-hand bend motorway of two parallel opposed longer sides in the middle of road surface, be, 150 meters away from crossing all disconnect, a two-layer bridge is established respectively in the centre disconnecting, and 20 meters of break distances, are the length of this bridge, article two, the width of left-hand bend motorway is that bridge is wide, on Jiu road surface, bridge upper strata, bridge lower floor is the depths of underground 6 meters, and this two-layer bridge is exactly the seat bridge that changes its course, the bridge that changes its course cuts off two of the centres on each direction running road surface parallel opposed longer sides left-hand bend motorway by the waist, with reversibly without the right and left mutually changing of at grade intersection individual traveling-position, left-hand rotation on each direction running road surface enters the motor vehicle on sweep like this, through the left side, bridge upper strata of changing its course, change its course and glitch-freely enter into stooping ramp, the left-hand rotation that underground 6 meters of left steerings connect under an adjacent direction running road surface, the left side at crossing goes out curved subterranean tunnel, on the bridge lower floor right side of changing its course of this direction, change its course again and just can glitch-free leading to turn left out curved up gradient, a complete left-hand bend process has simply completed like this, because there being 4 direction running road surfaces just to have 4 bridges that change its course,
8 described tunnels that connect underground parking: every the bridge that changes its course, its plane has 4 directions, facing to crossing be bridge before, back to crossing be bridge after, front and back are connected by various left-hand rotations discrepancy sweeps, and left and right directions just can have been got through tunnel for connecting the underground parking on both sides, Here it is connects the tunnel of underground parking, 4 bridges left and right totally 8 tunnels that connect underground parkings respectively that change its course;
4 described motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their left turn lanes are intersected change 90 of 20 meters of radiuses into and spend 6 meters, fillet sinking ground, the two ends of each fillet have respectively individual fillet adjacent, the left side has one end that fillet is adjacent to receive the bridge upper strata of changing its course on correspondence direction track with turning left to stoop ramp, the right has one end that fillet is adjacent with the curved subterranean tunnel that turns left out, to be connected to the lower floor of the bridge that changes its course on correspondence direction track, through changing its course, changing its course of bridge lower floor reconnects out curved up gradient, 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passages have been linked to be,
2 described spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, be chosen to the track of the both direction of straight line, in intersection, their direct lane is chosen high 6 meters, across the track of crossing straight two other direction; Choose high two ends and with the ramp that meets national standard, connect corresponding separately track craspedodrome road respectively, form like this 2 spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions;
A described I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, the track of high keep straight on overhead and straight both direction is chosen in selection, above this two tracks left turn lane, choose 6 meters of tall persons across road surface, cross the road surface of sailing of straight two other direction row, choosing high two ends divides and with twice descending, arrives road surface and connect the nonmotorized vehicle lane on corresponding track, the descending extending down by choosing high two ends, road surface straight line for the first time, length and the gradient are determined by two tie points: choose high two ends and be respectively first point, craspedodrome viaduct descending on equidirectional track and when turning left to stoop clear height between ramp and arriving 7 meters of sections, at this section, be that two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct gug in opposite directions is respectively established a bridge pier, and this two bridge pier is seen respectively from top to bottom, two regions of general 2.7 meters to 3 meters are docked mutually and are formed a crossbeam, 1 meter of crossbeam width, 0.3 meter of height, Length Ratio is chosen long 6 meters of high width of roadway, this crossbeam is exactly second point, domatic length and the gradient of descending for the first time of just having determined of these 2 nearest connections, on the basis of this crossbeam length, establish the rectangular planes of individual wide 3 meters, the short two ends of this rectangular planes bridge pier of ining succession, near choosing the long one end mid portion in the high road surface descending for the first time of ining succession, the part that the two ends that rectangular planes is long are like this vacated, just can select 4 faces, with 4 directions, use the ramp that meets national standard respectively, become the corresponding nonmotorized vehicle lane of I-shaped connection, this is descending for the second time, choose the high I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing that just formed across two ends, road surface after twice descending, this pedestrian overcrossing can be for all bicycles on solution four direction track and the stream of people's the current demand of omnirange,
4 described right turn ramps: when the track of 4 directions intersects at the parting of the ways, 4 right angles that their right-turn lane is intersected change 90 degree fillets of 20 meters of radiuses into and choose respectively high 3 meters, each fillet has two ends, direction connects the right-turn lane on this track facing to one end without the overhead ramp of keeping straight on track with national standard ramp, direction, facing to having the one end in the overhead ramp of keeping straight on track first with the straight way and the parallel together descending that crosses again in overhead ramp of keeping straight on of level, has so just formed respectively 4 right turn ramps;
Described bridge pier: press 2 spaced and parallel in cross overpass bridge motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions, I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing, article 4, right turn ramp and 4 motor vehicle left-hand bend underground passage compact firm distribution requirements of energy mutually, what support that motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing choose high two ends is 2 Double Column Piers, support in the middle of motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and I-shaped pedestrian overcrossing is 1 large single-column bridge pier, support the capable pedestrian overcrossing descending of I-shaped be 2 by support pedestrian overcrossing for the first time the crossbeam of Caused by Sloping Surfaces connect the assembled pier that the bridge pier of both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending forms, support motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct ramp in opposite directions of 2 spaced and parallel and 4 left-hand bends ramp be a plurality of common bridge piers.
2. cross urban interchange according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bridge plane that changes its course has four direction, towards crossing be bridge before, dorsad crossing be bridge after, change its course and have two tracks before bridge: left road be one section from the bridge upper strata of changing its course toward crossing the descending on high 6 meters of underground direction slope, this is for turning left into stooping ramp, right road is the subterranean tunnel of bridge lower floor 6 meters of underground layer depths to crossing of changing its course, this is the curved subterranean tunnel that turns left out, changing its course after bridge is also two tracks: left road is that the bridge lower floor of changing its course deviates from the up gradient that crossing leads to high 6 meters of slope, road surface, this is the curved up gradient that turns left out, right road is to turn left into detour face motorway, changing its course about bridge is two tunnels that connect underground parkings.
3. cross urban interchange according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bridge pier that respectively establish at pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel high two ends of motor vehicle craspedodrome elevated bridge cantilever in opposite directions must be all Double Column Piers, because there are two adjacent left-hand bend fillets the middle below this bridge pier, must could establish the foundation points of bridge pier on their both sides; The bridge pier of establishing in the middle of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct is in opposite directions necessary for large single-column bridge pier, because this bridge pier foundation points only has the centre position of selecting 4 left-hand bend fillets below pedestrian overcrossing center, the bent cap that establish at top is long, to support the center weight of pedestrian overcrossing and two spaced and parallel motor vehicle craspedodrome viaduct in opposite directions; The descending at craspedodrome viaduct two ends has a plurality of bridge piers to support, and wherein just has two bridge piers, and these two bridge piers are by the support pedestrian overcrossing assembled pier that the bridge pier of the crossbeam connection both sides craspedodrome viaduct descending of Caused by Sloping Surfaces forms for the first time; Article 4, below right turn ramp, be provided with a plurality of bridge piers.
CN201320403119.4U 2013-07-08 2013-07-08 Crisscross urban overpass Expired - Fee Related CN203487426U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105951549A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-09-21 吕雅南 Multifunctional cross flyover
CN106436515A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Road intersection structure
CN109914169A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-21 余云涛 A kind of crossroad
WO2022057639A1 (en) * 2020-09-21 2022-03-24 李强 Cross interchange for urban arterial road

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105951549A (en) * 2016-07-12 2016-09-21 吕雅南 Multifunctional cross flyover
CN106436515A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Road intersection structure
CN109914169A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-06-21 余云涛 A kind of crossroad
CN109914169B (en) * 2019-04-03 2021-06-04 余云涛 Crossroad
WO2022057639A1 (en) * 2020-09-21 2022-03-24 李强 Cross interchange for urban arterial road

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