CN203583303U - Rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass - Google Patents

Rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203583303U
CN203583303U CN201320652381.2U CN201320652381U CN203583303U CN 203583303 U CN203583303 U CN 203583303U CN 201320652381 U CN201320652381 U CN 201320652381U CN 203583303 U CN203583303 U CN 203583303U
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horizontal
road
bridge
longitudinal
laterally
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CN201320652381.2U
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耿建峰
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耿建峰
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure

Abstract

The utility model relates to a rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass. The rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass is composed of a ground layer and a single-layer bridge, wherein the ground layer comprises horizontal right bends and longitudinal straight right bends; the single-layer bridge comprises longitudinal left bends and horizontal straight left bends; each horizontal straight left bend comprises a horizontal upslope approach road, a horizontal straight ramp bridge, a horizontal left-turn ramp gradually wide section, a horizontal straight road, a horizontal straight crossed road, a horizontal left-turn ramp outlet and a horizontal turn-left crossed road; the horizontal straight crossed road is joined with a horizontal road; the horizontal left-turn ramp outlet is joined with a longitudinal road by the horizontal turn-left crossed road; each longitudinal left bend comprises a longitudinal left-turn approach road, a longitudinal left-turn ramp bridge, a longitudinal left-turn ramp outlet and a longitudinal left-turn ramp gradually wide section; the longitudinal left-turn ramp gradually wide section is joined with the horizontal straight road. The rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass provided by utility model does not occupy ground surfaces except the road, does not affect the beauty of cities and the surrounding, improves the vehicle passing capability and safety of the overpass, and reduces the occupation and construction expense of the overpass.

Description

Revolve symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover
Technical field
The utility model belongs to highway communication technical field, relates to a kind of overpass bridge, does not specifically relate to a kind of symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves.
Background technology
Home and abroad traffic, no matter from publication books or actual life see without the intercommunicated overpass of traffic lights, the one, take large area soil, and angle of turn is large, be not easy to recognize direction, the vehicle oil consumption rate that detours is higher; The 2nd, do not take the ground beyond road, but need three layers or four layers with on complete, affect that urban road is attractive in appearance, safe, penetrating, the appearance of the city and environment, and build invest high.The 3rd, though the intercommunicated overpass that individual layer is built bridge does not take road ground in addition, but only limit to the wider road surface of road, and the route structure arranging is more trifling, is not easy to distinguish trend, near the vehicle of stopping overpass bridge, be restricted during any direction running of road direction.
Publication number is that the Chinese invention patent of CN1445413 A discloses a kind of straight bridge path-changing type overpass, this patent " includes and is located at road intersection two the 1/2 straight bridging bridges of low clearance that pass through height longitudinally, article 2,1/2 by graben highly and the two-wire bridge crossing arranging on horizontal road and its 4 straight bridging road access bridges and two left-hand rotation bridges, owing to adopting straight bridging road, avoided the double turning of vehicle in the situation that the fast bridge floor of speed is narrow, safety and the Negotiation speed of vehicle have been improved, outward extending ring road and not taking up an area relatively crowded in urban space in the situation that is not removed to the building of road surrounding, underpass type bicycle pavement is set below intersection and thoroughly solves the non-separation of machine, because thereby succinct single layer structure can replace becoming a marvellous overpass bridge that there is no bridge with underpass type tunnel by all bridges.”。But the lane change of this patent need to arrange ground road cutting type protecting A-road, shorten like this driver by the line-of-sight distance of overpass bridge, dangerous when near vehicle upper track or tune revolution.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves, and to improve the ability that is open to traffic and the safety of overpass bridge, makes full use of space, reduces overpass bridge and takes up an area and operating expenses.
The invention provides a kind of symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves, by lateral route and axial route, divide uplink and downlink to intersect at crossroad.Intercommunicated overpass consists of ground floor and single layer bridge, and ground floor comprises horizontal right-hand rotation bend, the right-hand rotation bend of longitudinally keeping straight on, and single layer bridge comprises longitudinal left-turning pathways and horizontal craspedodrome left-turning pathways.Laterally craspedodrome left-turning pathways comprise that horizontal upward slope is led the way, the ramp bridge of laterally keeping straight on, laterally gradually wide section of left rotaring ring road, laterally keep straight on, laterally keep straight on by dealings, laterally left rotaring ring road outlet and laterally turning left by dealings.Laterally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section be divided into two-way, a road is through horizontal craspedodrome road, laterally keep straight on and converged by dealings and lateral route, another road through horizontal left rotaring ring road outlet and laterally left-hand rotation by dealings and axial route, converged.Longitudinally left-turning pathways comprises that longitudinal left-hand rotation is led the way, longitudinally left rotaring ring road bridge, longitudinally left rotaring ring road outlet and longitudinal gradually wide section of left rotaring ring road, longitudinally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section converge with horizontal craspedodrome road.Laterally craspedodrome road is positioned in single layer bridge, laterally keeps straight on and is passed from horizontal craspedodrome ramp bridge by dealings, laterally turns left to be passed from longitudinal left rotaring ring road bridge by dealings.
Laterally go up a slope lead the way with to the horizontal craspedodrome of row road on same axis, longitudinally turn left to lead the way with horizontal left rotaring ring road outlet on same axis.Intercommunicated overpass be provided with nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement, nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement is located at ground floor or moat enters under low aspect.Nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement around middle rotating disk, nonmotorized vehicle lane and and four of pavements to let pass mouthful be trumpet type access.Nonmotorized vehicle lane and and the trumpet type access place of pavement be provided with reflective mirror and graticule.
Laterally craspedodrome ramp bridge is intersected by dealings with horizontal craspedodrome, and longitudinally left rotaring ring road bridge turns left to be intersected by dealings with horizontal.Horizontal craspedodrome is by dealings and horizontal left-hand rotation is positioned at ground floor by dealings or moat enters under low aspect.Under the bridge that lateral route is provided with, reverse end for end track, axial route is provided with longitudinal tune track, under bridge, reverse end for end track and longitudinally tune track be positioned at ground floor.Single layer bridge is provided with every concrete guardrail, sign, label on concrete guardrail, laterally gradually wide section of left rotaring ring road, longitudinal gradually wide section and He Qiaoshang turning, row horizontal craspedodrome road is provided with to graticule of left rotaring ring road.For driver's custom keeps to the right or do not cause discomfort, return run arranges anti-dazzle parapet or shutter on concrete guardrail.
It is more than the narrowest two-way Four-Lane Road of road that the utility model obtains design concept, with a separated interchange bridge and all the people present's ramp bridge, completes intercommunicated overpass, two ramp bridges of half range bridging body, and one is upper length of grade ramp bridge, another is short Downgrade Ramp bridge.During by crossroad, the vehicle of a direction road is exercised at ground floor, and the vehicle of other direction road is exercised in single layer bridge.About during across main line bridge, width bridge travel route is replaced, and after displacement, the vehicle of the craspedodrome direction width bridge that keeps left is exercised.In order not allow driver produce illusion or uncomfortable, on reverse driving section concrete guardrail, anti-dazzle net is installed or one meter of high sound barrier, shutter are installed.Gug exit region arranges antiglare shield, when through vehicles is by individual layer behind main bridge crossing crossroad, then travels and replys the width road of keeping right and exercise from the width that keeps left.
When vehicle passes through crossroad, according to the track of single width road, distribute, the vehicle of left-hand bend accounts for left-hand lane, runway in the middle of through vehicles accounts for, the vehicle of right-hand bend accounts for right-hand lane, and turn or keep straight on more directly perceived in left and right, or through vehicles is also used left and right turning roadway, and driver easily recognizes direction.Climb and fall only once just can pass through intercommunicated overpass, and left and right turning roadway radius is more than or equal to 30 meters, and left turning vehicle need not detour and just can complete left-hand bend.
The access bridge going up a slope is established lengthening section, complete when forming grade separation without ramps with track, ground, vertical, horizontal main stem left-hand bend vehicle can shift to an earlier date and separates gradually or merge with through vehicles, Transition length meets urban road requirement, the vehicle that makes to turn left makes full use of that widened section gradually completes lane change, road to be changed trains or buses turns left, length, need not independent ad hoc left turn lane more than 200 meters.Every two up and down ramps are on same axis, and each road width accounts for a track less, need not increase ground usable floor area.
The utility model is formed and is revolved symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover by ground floor and single layer bridge, has improved overpass bridge be open to traffic ability and safety, reduces overpass bridge and takes up an area and operating expenses.Crossroad traffic light-free, does not take road ground in addition, does not affect surrounding buildings group.On street, individual layer is built bridge and can be completed the current of complete intercommunicating overpass vehicle, does not affect the attractive in appearance and surrounding environment in city.Each direction is provided with tune track, and any direction of vehicle that stop near or parking lot at the parting of the ways can be set out on a journey.Nonmotorized vehicle lane and walkway are imported and exported the idle space that can make full use of main OCS under bridge.Intercommunicated overpass individual layer on street is built bridge, and vehicle is taken their own roads by crossroad, realizes complete intercommunicating overpass colleague.Meet vehicle craspedodrome or left and right turning unblocked, bridge main body construction cost is low simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram that the utility model revolves symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model revolves symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover;
Fig. 3 is bicycle, pavement floor map;
Fig. 4 is motor vehicles ground floor tune track schematic diagram.
Wherein:
1-the left-turning pathways of laterally keeping straight on, 2-the bend of laterally turning right, 3-longitudinal left-turning pathways, 4-right-hand rotation the bend of longitudinally keeping straight on, 5-laterally go up a slope and lead the way, 6-the ramp bridge of laterally keeping straight on, gradually wide section of 7-horizontal left rotaring ring road, 8-laterally left rotaring ring road outlet, 9-longitudinal left rotaring ring road bridge, 10-longitudinally turn left to lead the way, 11-laterally keep straight on by dealings, 12-laterally keep straight on, gradually wide section of 13-longitudinal left rotaring ring road, 14-longitudinally left rotaring ring road outlet, 15-laterally turn left by dealings, 16-to the horizontal craspedodrome of row road, the outlet of 17-trumpet type, 18-lateral route, 19-axial route, 20-middle rotating disk, 21-nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement, 22-longitudinally reverse end for end track, under 23-bridge, reverse end for end track, 24-reflective mirror, 25-graticule, distance between L-bridge pier and middle rotating disk.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is elaborated.
The utility model staggered form single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover as shown in Figure 1, comprises lateral route 18 and axial route 19, and lateral route and axial route divide uplink and downlink to intersect at crossroad.Intercommunicated overpass consists of ground floor and single layer bridge, and ground floor comprises horizontal right-hand rotation bend 2, the right-hand rotation bend 4 of longitudinally keeping straight on, and single layer bridge comprises longitudinal left-turning pathways 3 and horizontal craspedodrome left-turning pathways 1.As shown in Figure 2, laterally keep straight on that left-turning pathways comprises that horizontal upward slope leads the way 5, the ramp bridge 6 of laterally keeping straight on, laterally gradually wide section 7 of left rotaring ring road, laterally keep straight on 12, laterally keep straight on by dealings 11, laterally left rotaring ring road outlet 8 and laterally turning left by dealings 15.Laterally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section be fork in the road, a road is through horizontal craspedodrome road, laterally keep straight on and converged by the lateral route of dealings and ground floor, another road is through laterally left rotaring ring road outlet and horizontal left-hand rotation are converged by dealings and ground floor axial route.Longitudinally left-turning pathways comprises that longitudinal left-hand rotation leads the way 10, longitudinally turns left by dealings 9, longitudinally left rotaring ring road outlet 14 and longitudinal gradually wide section 13 of left rotaring ring road, longitudinally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section converge with horizontal craspedodrome road.Laterally keep straight on and passed for 6 from the horizontal craspedodrome ramp bridge of subtend by dealings, laterally turn left to be passed from longitudinal left rotaring ring road bridge by dealings.Laterally go up a slope lead the way 5 with to the horizontal craspedodrome of row road 16 on same axis, longitudinally turn left to lead the way 10 with horizontal left rotaring ring road outlet 8 on same axis.As shown in Figure 3, intercommunicated overpass be provided with ground moat enter formula nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement 21, nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement around middle rotating disk 20, nonmotorized vehicle lane and and four clearances of pavement be trumpet type outlet 17, distance L adjusted design as required between bridge pier and middle rotating disk.Nonmotorized vehicle lane and and the trumpet type of pavement 21 export 17 places and be provided with reflective mirror 24 and graticule 25.As shown in Figure 4, the bridge that lateral route 18 is provided with is lowered slubbing 23, and axial route 19 is provided with longitudinal tune road 22, and slubbing lowered by bridge and longitudinal tune road is positioned at ground floor.Single layer bridge is provided with every concrete guardrail, every concrete guardrail, is provided with sign, label, laterally gradually wide section 7 of left rotaring ring road, longitudinally left rotaring ring road gradually on wide section 13 and bridge turning be provided with graticule.Every concrete guardrail, be concrete guardrail, anti-dazzle parapet or shutter are set on guardrail.
The structure of the up-downgoing of lateral route 18 and the up-downgoing of axial route 19 is identical and symmetrical.Single width main line single layer bridge can form a complete structure system with two ramp bridges, and double width main line single layer bridge and four ramp bridges form two complete structure systems, complete four-way.Dual carriageway road main line single layer bridge location swap can complete four-way simultaneously and turn left, and the vehicle that whole intercommunication is travelled is taken their own roads, outside the turning radius in tune track, and full-bridge min. turning radius >=30 meter, bend angle≤90 degree, quickening road speed.Do not take road ground in addition, as long as place, crossroad street width is more than or equal to 16 meters, just can complete complete intercommunicating overpass above, vehicle flowrate is unaffected.

Claims (9)

1. one kind revolves symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover, by lateral route (18) and axial route (19) minute uplink and downlink, intersect at crossroad, described intercommunicated overpass consists of ground floor and single layer bridge, ground floor comprises horizontal right-hand rotation bend (2), longitudinally craspedodrome right-hand rotation bend (4), is characterized in that: described single layer bridge comprises longitudinal left-turning pathways (3) and horizontal craspedodrome left-turning pathways (1); Described horizontal craspedodrome left-turning pathways comprise horizontal upward slope lead the way (5), laterally keep straight on ramp bridge (6), laterally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section (7), laterally keep straight on (12), laterally keep straight on by dealings (11), laterally left rotaring ring road outlet (8) and laterally left-hand rotation by dealings (15); Laterally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section be divided into two-way, a road is through horizontal craspedodrome road, laterally keep straight on and converged by dealings and lateral route, another road through horizontal left rotaring ring road outlet and laterally left-hand rotation by dealings and axial route, converged; Described longitudinal left-turning pathways comprises that longitudinal left-hand rotation is led the way (10), longitudinally left rotaring ring road bridge (9), longitudinally left rotaring ring road outlet (14) and longitudinal left rotaring ring road gradually wide section (13), longitudinally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section converge with horizontal craspedodrome road; Described horizontal craspedodrome road is positioned in single layer bridge, and described horizontal craspedodrome is passed from horizontal craspedodrome ramp bridge by dealings, and described horizontal left-hand rotation is passed from longitudinal left rotaring ring road bridge by dealings.
2. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described horizontal upward slope is led the way (5) and to going horizontal craspedodrome road (16) on same axis, described longitudinal left-hand rotation is led the way (10) and horizontal left rotaring ring road exports (8) on same axis.
3. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described intercommunicated overpass be provided with nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement (21), described nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement is located at ground floor or moat enters under low aspect.
4. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described nonmotorized vehicle lane and and pavement (21) around middle rotating disk (20), nonmotorized vehicle lane and and four of pavements to let pass mouthful be trumpet type access (17).
5. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described nonmotorized vehicle lane and and the trumpet type access (17) of pavement (21) locate to be provided with reflective mirror (24) and graticule (25).
6. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 1, its feature: described horizontal craspedodrome ramp bridge (6) is intersected by dealings (11) with horizontal craspedodrome, longitudinally left rotaring ring road bridge (9) turns left to be intersected by dealings (15) with horizontal, and described horizontal craspedodrome is by dealings (11) and horizontal left-hand rotation is positioned at ground floor by dealings (15) or moat enters under low aspect.
7. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: under the bridge that described lateral route (18) is provided with, reverse end for end track (23), described axial route (19) is provided with longitudinal tune track (22), under described bridge, reverse end for end track and longitudinally tune track be positioned at ground floor.
8. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described single layer bridge is provided with every concrete guardrail, every concrete guardrail, is provided with sign, label; Described horizontal left rotaring ring road gradually wide section (7), longitudinally left rotaring ring road gradually wide section (13), turning on row horizontal craspedodrome road (16) and bridge is provided with to graticule.
9. the symmetrical expression single-layer completely intercommunicating flyover that revolves according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described anti-dazzle parapet or the shutter of arranging on concrete guardrail.
CN201320652381.2U 2013-10-23 2013-10-23 Rotary symmetrical single-layer full interchange overpass Expired - Fee Related CN203583303U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106400634A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-02-15 冯阳 X-shaped interchange overpass
CN107893350A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-10 石家庄铁道大学 System and design method is canalized in intersection
WO2018085960A1 (en) * 2016-11-08 2018-05-17 汪光凯 Cross-shaped overpass
CN109930441A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-25 缪卓伦 " satellite type " hyperbolic entirely drive in the wrong direction smooth overpass

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106400634A (en) * 2016-10-18 2017-02-15 冯阳 X-shaped interchange overpass
WO2018085960A1 (en) * 2016-11-08 2018-05-17 汪光凯 Cross-shaped overpass
CN107893350A (en) * 2017-11-13 2018-04-10 石家庄铁道大学 System and design method is canalized in intersection
CN109930441A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-06-25 缪卓伦 " satellite type " hyperbolic entirely drive in the wrong direction smooth overpass

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Legal Events

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Geng Jianfeng

Inventor after: Zhang Lipu

Inventor before: Geng Jianfeng

COR Change of bibliographic data
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20140507

Termination date: 20191023

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee