CN107724197A - Road cross automobile, electric bicycle, the branch running lanes of pedestrian - Google Patents

Road cross automobile, electric bicycle, the branch running lanes of pedestrian Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107724197A
CN107724197A CN201710945722.8A CN201710945722A CN107724197A CN 107724197 A CN107724197 A CN 107724197A CN 201710945722 A CN201710945722 A CN 201710945722A CN 107724197 A CN107724197 A CN 107724197A
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China
Prior art keywords
passage
automobile
electric bicycle
electrical salf
road surface
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CN201710945722.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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李全瑞
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李全瑞
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Priority to CN201710945722.8A priority Critical patent/CN107724197A/en
Publication of CN107724197A publication Critical patent/CN107724197A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C1/00Design or layout of roads, e.g. for noise abatement, for gas absorption
    • E01C1/04Road crossings on different levels; Interconnections between roads on different levels

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of city crossroad that improves to pass through speed and the technology of guarantee motor vehicle and pedestrains safety, it is by building three layers of stereo channel at the parting of the ways, make automobile, electric bicycle, pedestrian, take their own roads, by branch traveling come improve crossroad by speed and ensure the safety of vehicle and pedestrian.Because with the substantial increase city of urban population, traffic accident and traffic jam are also being continuously increased, particularly in the crossroad of municipal highway, due to automobile, electric bicycle, bicycle, pedestrian, which mixes, often there is traffic accident, due also to one or two people, which do not observe traffic rules and regulations, further increases the generation of traffic accident, the present invention is that solve above mentioned problem by technological innovation, is created conditions can safely to go on a journey in city and smoothly go on a journey.

Description

Road cross automobile, electric bicycle, the branch running lanes of pedestrian
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of city crossroad that improves to pass through speed and the skill of guarantee motor vehicle and pedestrains safety Art, it is the stereo channel by building two layers of B1 on the ground at the parting of the ways, makes automobile, electric bicycle, pedestrian, respectively Hang Qi roads, by branch traveling come improve crossroad by speed and ensure the safety of vehicle and pedestrian.
Background technology
As traffic accident and traffic jam are also being continuously increased in the substantial increase city of urban population, particularly in city The crossroad of city's highway, due to automobile, electric bicycle, bicycle, pedestrian, which mixes, often there is traffic accident, due also to individual Others, which does not observe traffic rules and regulations, further increases the generation of traffic accident, it is therefore desirable to solves above-mentioned ask by technological innovation as early as possible Topic, created conditions can safely to go on a journey in city and smoothly go on a journey.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the problems, such as that traffic jam and traffic accident often occurs in city crossroad as early as possible, ensure people Can safely and smoothly it go on a journey, I devises one kind and built in municipal highway crossroad two layers on the ground, and B1 is three-dimensional logical The technology in road, it is specifically;
Wherein the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage will be built up with highway foundation road surface by engineering measure in same horizontal line On, width and highway pavement are essentially identical, and at 3 meters or so, automobile passage is built in above electrical salf-walking vehicle passage for height control, If the road surface thickness of automobile passage is below one meter, then high to the road surface of automobile passage from the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage Degree can be just controlled below 4 meters, and walkway is that (southeast, northeast, southwest, northwest) four direction is built first at the parting of the ways Gateway, then build the stair of uplink and downlink downwards since gateway, a circular space then built in the bottom surface of passage, Pedestrian can select outlet in any direction to walk out passage in circular space.
Three passages include, 1. electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, 2. automobile passage, 3. walkway, below the structure of 3 kinds of passages Make and introduced;
(1) electrical salf-walking vehicle passage
The structure of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is, the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is built up and base by engineering measure first In the same horizontal line, height control is at 3 meters, and the above is automobile passage, advantage of this is that electricity can be ensured for plinth highway pavement Dynamic bicycle travels on relatively flat road surface all the time, therefore with regard to that can increase the operating range of battery, this is in city People are guided to use the infrastructure of electric bicycle construction.
If major trunk roads vehicle pavement is wider in city, a motorway distribution is just respectively taken out on the both sides of major trunk roads To electric bicycle, such electric bicycle just obtains bigger right of way, after reducing major trunk roads motorway width of roadway, builds Width can reduce on the premise of electrical salf-walking vehicle flowrate is ensured during electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, thus can reduce construction into This,
Inside electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, protecting wall to the width of roadway between circular space, to control in city morning peak With can not occur crowded and current difficulty during evening peak, the inside of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage will build the road of upright supports automobile passage Face, thus want column position carry out unified planning to build a circular space using column in the centre of passage, then Circular space builds up electric bicycle and bicycle repairing station, ensures that electric bicycle can obtain safeguarding in time and enables people to Smoothly trip, while will build protecting wall in electrical salf-walking vehicle passage surrounding, reserve 8 on protecting wall in 4 directions to same The crossing of direction running.
Because the radius of turn of electric bicycle is very small, so if can also be by reducing circular space when needing Area increases the width in electrical salf-walking track.
The lane change method of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is;Can be directly from one if turning right during electric bicycle lane change Electrical salf-walking track transforms to another electrical salf-walking track, if directly can be passed through during straight trip from electrical salf-walking vehicle passage Into the electrical salf-walking track on opposite, if being to carry out lane change around circular space to enter required road during left-hand bend lane change Mouthful, so by around circular space just can to any crossing lane change, such lane changing way due to electric bicycle be all to Same direction running so the possibility for traffic accident occur is very low,
Described above is the ideal scheme for building electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, if can be vapour when wanting to reducing the construction costs The road surface of vehicle passage is built up higher than highway foundation road surface 2 meters, is reduced to the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage apart from highway base Minus 2 meters of plinth road surface, length can reduces by 50% when so building automobile passage gradient road surface, therefore can be greatly lowered and build This is set as, but the energy consumption of electric bicycle will increase, the energy consumption of automobile will reduce, so if taking this scheme to build If when should comprehensive assessment decide what to use and strive for obtaining optimal effect.
Build up when being gone on a journey using electric bicycle after electrical salf-walking vehicle passage due to without waiting traffic lights, so efficiency meeting Very high cost can be very low, it will as the first choice of people's trip, can so administer urban air pollution and traffic jam On can play an important role.
(2) automobile passage
The structure of automobile passage is that automobile passage is built in above electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, because electric bicycle leads to The height in road is 3 meters, and the road surface thickness of automobile passage is below 1 meter, so electric bicycle passage road surface distance highway leads to The pavement-height in road is just below 4 meters, and then we respectively build one to four direction just using crossroad center as starting point 500 meters long of gradient road surface, is averagely distributed to 4 meters of height in 500 meters of the gradient, road gradient can thus be controlled Less than 8 ‰, such gradient will not have an impact substantially for running car, at the same we will on 500 meters of gradient road surface, The anticollision wall of 500 millimeters of a height is respectively repaiied on the both sides of automobile passage, it is ensured that must not occur under any circumstance Automobile goes out anti-collision wall and hurts the situation of people and Che on electrical salf-walking track, while builds up automobile passage at the parting of the ways Afterwards, one 90 degree of angle each can occur in the intersection of four highways, therefore we fill and lead up angle makes its change camber road Face, it can thus increase the width during automobile turning of crossroad, make running car more smooth,
The right and left respectively to take out a motorway on major urban arterial highway simultaneously and distribute to electric bicycle, so pass through Reduce when major trunk roads motorway width builds electrical salf-walking vehicle passage the width in the case where ensureing that electric bicycle is smoothly current Can reduces, and the right of way bigger due to being allocated to electric bicycle, people will more select electric bicycle conduct The vehicles of short distance trip.
It will increase some energy consumptions after city crossroad all being increased by 500 meter 8 ‰ of gradient road surface, during running car, The cost so gone on a journey using automobile will increase, simultaneously because electric bicycle is gone back all the time in relatively flat road traveling There is electric bicycle to be waited traffic lights when passing through passage, so just given electric bicycle bigger in the distribution of right of way It is preferential, it will to encourage people more to select electric bicycle to go on a journey when short distance is gone on a journey, highway is got on the car in such city Quantity will be reduced, and can be played an important role to alleviating urban air pollution and traffic jam, because city crossroad uses Branch running lanes, the interference of electric bicycle, bicycle and pedestrian to automobile will disappear, so due to having purified automobile Running environment, automobile will improve by the speed of crossroad.
(3) walkway
Walkway is the pedestrian's street crossing for building B1 in a passage, it be at the parting of the ways (southeast, northeast, Southwest, northwest), four direction respectively builds a gateway first, then builds the building of uplink and downlink respectively using gateway as starting point Ladder, from entrance enter underpass after bottom surface build a circular space, it be street crossing when selection outlet place, enter from South-East Exit North-West Exit goes out or entered from South-West Exit can reduce the distance when North-East Exit goes out, at the same can also be selected in circular space from appoint What mouth goes out, and very aspect flexibly, can solve the problem that the problem of pedestrains safety passes through highway.Simultaneously in order to solve old man, child, bear The not square just problem of the human action of weight, a up elevator is respectively also designed in the up side of four stair, solves them The problem of moving difficulty, if bus stop is built near underpass again, such people's can is attached in underpass Closely take bus, line direction can also be converted out by underpass and reaches the destination needed.
Described above is the ideal scheme for building pedestrian's street crossing passage, and construction speed is improved if wanting to reducing the construction costs When, the place close to protecting wall outside the electrical salf-walking vehicle passage protecting wall of 4 highways can be made into and all respectively build m type The top of two-way street pedestrian's passage m type passages will be in same horizontal line or lower slightly one with the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage A bit, being greatly lowered into instinct for walkway is so built, speed can increase substantially, but the distance crossed the street can increase, Therefore how to design and cautiously determine as the case may be.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment, further description is made to the present invention;
Fig. 1, automobile passage schematic diagram
Fig. 2, electric bicycle access diagram
Fig. 3, walkway schematic diagram
(1) electrical salf-walking vehicle passage of the invention;
See Fig. 1, when Fig. 3 builds electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 2, road that be first with engineering measure electrical salf-walking vehicle passage Face 11, build up with basic highway pavement in the same horizontal line, ensure that electric bicycle can be all the time on relatively flat road surface Traveling,
If automobile trunk road surface 3 is wider in city, a motorway point is just respectively taken out on the both sides of major trunk roads Dispensing electric bicycle, such electric bicycle just obtain bigger right of way, after reducing the width of major trunk roads vehicle pavement 3, Width will be reduced when building electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11, can reducing the construction costs, and the inside of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11 is prevented Road surface between revetment 10 and electric bicycle maintenance station 12, controlling can not gather around in city morning peak and evening peak Squeeze and current difficult.
The road surface of upright supports automobile passage is built inside electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, the position of column to carry out unified rule A circular space 13 will be built using column by drawing, and circular space is then built up electric bicycle and bicycle repairing station 12, be protected Card electric bicycle can obtain in time safeguard enable people to smoothly go on a journey, due to electric bicycle radius of turn very It is small, so if needing that the width in electrical salf-walking track 11 can also be increased by reducing the area of circular space 13, so The flow of electric bicycle can be increased,
Electrical salf-walking vehicle passage surrounding will build protecting wall 10, while 8 travelled to same direction are all reserved in 4 directions Individual crossing.Will be according to → signified the direction of arrow during electric bicycle lane change, can be directly from electrical salf-walking if turning right Track 11 transforms to different electrical salf-walking tracks 11, if straight trip when can directly from electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11 pass through into Enter the electrical salf-walking track 11 on opposite, if during left-hand bend lane change being the road that lane change arrival needs are carried out around circular space 12 Mouth rolls away from, and such lane changing way is all to be travelled to same direction so the possibility for traffic accident occur is non-due to electric bicycle It is often low,
Described above is the ideal scheme for building electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, if can be vapour when wanting to reducing the construction costs The pavement-height of vehicle passage 3 becomes higher than basic highway pavement 2 meters, and the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11 is being reduced to distance Minus 2 meters of highway foundation road surface, length can reduces by 50% so when building automobile passage gradient road surface, therefore can be significantly Degree is reducingd the construction costs, and is used after building up electrical salf-walking vehicle passage when electric bicycle and cycling trip due to red without waiting Green light, thus efficiency can very high cost can be very low, it will as people trip first choice.
(2) automobile passage of the invention
See Fig. 1, Fig. 3, automobile passage 3 is built in above electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11, due to electrical salf-walking vehicle passage Height is 3 meters, and the road surface thickness of automobile passage is below 1 meter, so the road surface distance highway road of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage 11 The height in face 3 is just below 4 meters, and then we respectively build one 500 meters to four direction just using crossroad center as starting point Long gradient road surface 3, is averagely distributed to 4 meters of height in 500 meters of the gradient, road gradient can be thus controlled 8 ‰ Hereinafter, such gradient will not have an impact substantially for running car, at the same we will on 500 meters of gradient road surface 3, The anticollision wall of 500 millimeters of the height of left and right Ge Xiu mono- of automobile passage, it is ensured that must not occur vapour under any circumstance Car goes out anti-collision wall and hurts the situation of people and Che on electrical salf-walking track, while after building up automobile passage at the parting of the ways, One 90 degree of angle each can occur in the intersection of four highways, therefore we fill and lead up angle makes its change camber road surface 4, it can thus increase the width during automobile turning of crossroad, make running car more smooth, while will be in major urban arterial highway 3 Upper the right and left respectively takes out a motorway and distributes to electric bicycle, has so on the one hand given electric bicycle bigger road Power, it on the other hand can reduce the construction cost of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage.
(3) walkway of the invention
It is a pedestrian's street crossing passage of build underground in one layer to see Fig. 2 walkways, and it is in road cross (east South, northeast, southwest, northwest), four direction respectively builds a gateway 9 first, while to build knee wall 7, then using gateway as Starting point builds uplink and downlink stair 5 respectively, from entrance enter underpass after below be a circular space 8, it be cross the street when The place of outlet is selected, is entered from South-East Exit 9, North-West Exit 9 goes out or entered from South-West Exit 9, can be reduced the distance when North-East Exit 9 goes out, It can also select to go out from any mouth in circular space 8 simultaneously, it is very convenient flexible, can solve pedestrains safety asking by highway Topic.Simultaneously in order to solve old man, child, the problem of bearing the human action inconvenience of weight, also in the up side of four stair A up elevator 6 is respectively devised, solves the problems, such as their moving difficulties, if underpass is built in bus stop again Near, such people's can takes bus near underpass, can also convert out line direction by underpass Reach the destination needed.Described above is the ideal scheme for building pedestrian's street crossing passage, if wanting to reducing the construction costs When can make all respectively to build the two-way street pedestrian of a m type into outside the protecting wall 10 of 4 highway electrical salf-walking vehicle passages and lead to The top of road m passages will be in same horizontal line or more lower slightly with the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, so build pedestrian The cost of passage can be greatly lowered speed and can increase substantially, but distance can increase when crossing the street, therefore how select to answer This is cautiously determined.
Specific numeral described above is all referential data, and real figure will be varied from as the case may be.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of road cross automobile, electric bicycle, the branch running lanes of pedestrian, it is the underground by two layers on the ground The stereo channel of one layer of composition, wherein there is electrical salf-walking vehicle passage on the ground, there is one layer of walkway automobile passage, underground, and it is special Sign is;
1. electrical salf-walking vehicle passage
The road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is built up and highway base by engineering measure first when building electrical salf-walking vehicle passage In the same horizontal line, such electric bicycle can just travel in relatively flat highway pavement all the time, therefore electronic on plinth road surface The operating range can increase of bicycle battery,
A motorway is according to circumstances respectively taken out on the both sides of major urban arterial highway motorway distributes to electric bicycle simultaneously, this The width of roadway of sample automobile passage will reduce, and by reducing major trunk roads motorway width of roadway, so build electric bicycle In the case where guarantee electric bicycle is smoothly current, width can also reduce during passage, such that it is electronic certainly to reduce construction The cost of driving passage,
The height control of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is at 3 meters, and the road surface thickness of automobile passage is inside 1 meter, electrical salf-walking vehicle passage The road surface of upright supports automobile passage is built, the position of column to carry out unified planning and builds a circular space using it, so Circular space is built up electric bicycle and bicycle repairing station afterwards, while to build protecting wall in electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, is prevented Width of roadway between revetment and maintenance station will be designed in morning peak and evening peak can not occur congested in traffic and pass through tired Difficulty, 8 crossings travelled to same direction are reserved in 4 faces of protecting wall, because the radius of turn of electric bicycle is very small, So if need that the width of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage can also be expanded by reducing the area of circular space, in electrical salf-walking All it is not inverse around circular space direct motion lane change during due to electric bicycle lane change after circular space is built up inside vehicle passage OK, therefore be not in traffic jam,
Described above is the ideal scheme for building electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, if 4 meters of the gradient can be put down when saving cost Electric bicycle passage and automobile passage are distributed to, such automobile passage pavement-height becomes 2 meters apart from highway foundation road surface, , thus can be the gradient of construction automobile passage and electric bicycle passage road surface distance highway foundation road surface becomes minus 2 meters Therefore road surface contraction in length 50% can significantly reducing the construction costs,
The lane change method of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage is;Can be directly electronic from one if turning right during electric bicycle lane change Cycle track transforms to another electrical salf-walking track, if directly can be passed into during straight trip from electrical salf-walking vehicle passage The electrical salf-walking track on opposite, if being to carry out lane change around circular space to enter required crossing during left-hand bend lane change, this Sample is by that just all can be to same due to electric bicycle to any crossing lane change, such lane changing way around circular space Direction running, so the possibility for traffic accident occur is very low,
2. automobile passage
It is using crossroad center as starting point during construction automobile passage, a gradient road surface is respectively built to four direction, electricity 4 meters of height on dynamic bicycle lane road surface to automobile passage road surface are averagely distributed on 500 meters of gradient road surface, and such gradient is just Can be greatly lowered automobile it is current when will be smooth, while 500 millimeters of height is also respectively repaiied on the both sides of automobile passage Anticollision wall, it is ensured that can not definitely occur automobile under any circumstance and go out anti-collision wall hurting people on electrical salf-walking track With the situation of car, after crossroad automobile passage is built up, the intersections of 4 highways can each angle for occurring 90 degree, therefore Angle, which is filled and led up, makes it become camber road surface, can thus increase the width during automobile turning of crossroad, make running car more It is smooth,
3. walkway
Walkway is the pedestrian's street crossing for building B1 in a passage, it be at the parting of the ways (southeast, northeast, southwest, Northwest), four direction respectively builds a gateway first, then builds the stair of uplink and downlink respectively using gateway as starting point, from Bottom surface is a circular space after entrance enters underpass, can select to go out from any mouth in circular space, very aspect Flexibly, in order to solve old man, child, the action inconvenience problem of weight people is born, respectively to be set in the up side of four stair A up elevator is counted, solves the problems, such as their moving difficulties,
Described above is the ideal scheme for building walkway, if can make into when wanting to reducing the construction costs in 4 highways Electrical salf-walking vehicle passage protecting wall outside close to the place of protecting wall all respectively build two-way street pedestrian's passage of a m type, m types The top of passage will be in same horizontal line or more lower slightly with the road surface of electrical salf-walking vehicle passage, so build walkway Cost can be greatly lowered, speed can increase substantially, but the distance crossed the street can increase therefore how to select should be careful Determine again,
If bus stop is built near underpass, people's can takes bus near underpass, also may be used To convert out line direction by underpass,
Specific numeral described above is all referential data, and real figure can be varied from as the case may be.
CN201710945722.8A 2017-10-12 2017-10-12 Road cross automobile, electric bicycle, the branch running lanes of pedestrian Pending CN107724197A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109113397A (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-01-01 李全瑞 The quick bicycle parking and pick-up method of three-dimensional parking

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU3723599A (en) * 1998-07-01 2000-01-24 Marko Jakara Intersection with unhindered traffic flow
CN2797426Y (en) * 2005-05-10 2006-07-19 薛兆梓 Ring stacked 3-D steel structure interchange overpass
CN201047047Y (en) * 2007-02-26 2008-04-16 林财勇 People-vehicle separated crossroad
CN201695288U (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-01-05 陈克芳 Pedestrian and vehicular circulation separation crossed flyover
CN202247573U (en) * 2011-10-03 2012-05-30 蔡晨晨 Urban crossroad flyover
CN102787541A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-11-21 李树清 Crossroad traffic system with no traffic light
CN204023341U (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-12-17 孟凡琅 Hybrid double-layer multifunctional overpass bridge

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU3723599A (en) * 1998-07-01 2000-01-24 Marko Jakara Intersection with unhindered traffic flow
CN2797426Y (en) * 2005-05-10 2006-07-19 薛兆梓 Ring stacked 3-D steel structure interchange overpass
CN201047047Y (en) * 2007-02-26 2008-04-16 林财勇 People-vehicle separated crossroad
CN201695288U (en) * 2010-01-11 2011-01-05 陈克芳 Pedestrian and vehicular circulation separation crossed flyover
CN202247573U (en) * 2011-10-03 2012-05-30 蔡晨晨 Urban crossroad flyover
CN102787541A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-11-21 李树清 Crossroad traffic system with no traffic light
CN204023341U (en) * 2014-08-13 2014-12-17 孟凡琅 Hybrid double-layer multifunctional overpass bridge

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109113397A (en) * 2018-06-13 2019-01-01 李全瑞 The quick bicycle parking and pick-up method of three-dimensional parking

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Application publication date: 20180223