CN203359867U - Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor - Google Patents

Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203359867U
CN203359867U CN 201320295062 CN201320295062U CN203359867U CN 203359867 U CN203359867 U CN 203359867U CN 201320295062 CN201320295062 CN 201320295062 CN 201320295062 U CN201320295062 U CN 201320295062U CN 203359867 U CN203359867 U CN 203359867U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sample
gear
seat
clamping
bearing
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201320295062
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜时贵
吕原君
黄曼
陈琼
徐佩华
冯曦涓
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University of Shaoxing
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University of Shaoxing
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Publication date
Application filed by University of Shaoxing filed Critical University of Shaoxing
Priority to CN 201320295062 priority Critical patent/CN203359867U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203359867U publication Critical patent/CN203359867U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor comprises a frame, a stretching mechanism, sample clamping mechanisms, a sample turnover mechanism, and a travelling mechanism located at the lower end of the frame, wherein the stretching mechanism is mounted at the upper part of the frame and comprises a rope and draw rope drive components used for driving the rope to move up and down; the rope is connected with a lifting hook which is fixed on a sliding seat of a sample turnover and locking mechanism; the sample clamping mechanisms and the sample turnover mechanism are arranged in the middle of the frame; each sample clamping mechanism comprises a rotating rack, two clamping plates for clamping the sample and a clamping drive component for driving the clamping plates to move; and the sample turnover mechanism comprises a turnover shaft, a pinion, a rocking handle, a positioning pin, a guide column, a toothed rack, a gear wheel, a fixed bolt, a baffle plate, a bearing, a bearing retainer and the sliding seat. The mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor provided by the utility has the advantages of mechanical mounting, good safety and higher work efficiency.

Description

The multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization is grabbed and is turned over feedway
Technical field
The utility model relates to the sample installing area, and especially a kind of sample is grabbed and turned over conveyer.
Background technology
Take manually to clamp sample in the time of will laying at present multiple dimensioned, Multiple Shape, large-tonnage sample on various experimental engine, then crane hangs sample to a certain position, this orthodox method safety extreme difference, and efficiency is very low.And for some special occasions, be placed to some positions after as needs, sample being flipped an angle, the prior art more difficult operation that becomes.At present existing patent is carried out rotary movement to the object of definite shape, but can't meet the requirement of multiple dimensioned sample.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome on existing experimental engine the deficiency that multiple dimensioned sample is manually installed, safety is poor, work efficiency is lower, the utility model provides a kind of mechanization installation, safety is good, work efficiency the is higher multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization to grab and has turned over feedway.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical matters adopts:
The multiple dimensioned sample of a kind of mechanization is grabbed and is turned over feedway, described grabbing turned over feedway and comprised framework, drawing mechanism, sample clamping mechanism, sample switching mechanism and traveling gear, described traveling gear is positioned at the lower end of described framework, described framework upper is installed described drawing mechanism, described drawing mechanism comprises rope and in order to drive the stay cord driven unit of rope up-and-down movement, rope is connected with suspension hook, and described suspension hook is fixed on the cliding seat of sample upset catch gear;
Described frame mid portion is provided with described sample clamping mechanism and sample switching mechanism, described sample clamping mechanism comprises turret, two clamping piece and clamping driven units in order to drive clamping piece to move in order to clamp sample, described clamping driven unit is connected with described turret, the telescopic end of described clamping driven unit is connected with described clamping piece, and the both sides of described turret connect respectively at an end of a trip shaft;
Described sample switching mechanism comprises trip shaft, miniature gears, rocking handle, locating dowel pin, guide pillar, tooth bar, big gear wheel, bolt of rear end plate, baffle plate, bearing, end ring and cliding seat, described framework comprises two root posts, described cliding seat can be arranged on column up or down, described cliding seat is installed described trip shaft by bearing, the end of the other end of described trip shaft is equipped with big gear wheel, on described column, guide pillar is installed, tooth bar can be sleeved on described guide pillar up or down, on described column, miniature gears is installed, the rotating shaft of miniature gears and rocking handle interlock, the one side of miniature gears and tooth bar forms gear pair, the another side of described tooth bar and big gear wheel form gear pair.
Further, described grabbing turned over conveyer and also comprised catch gear, described catch gear comprises back-up ring, holddown spring, concave station circle and boss seat, described back-up ring and concave station circle are arranged on trip shaft, between described back-up ring and concave station circle, holddown spring are installed, and arrange two grooves on the same diameter of described concave station circle, the boss seat is arranged on cliding seat, described boss seat has two, and two boss seats lay respectively on the same diameter of cliding seat, and described boss seat is positioned at described groove.
Further, described stay cord driven unit comprises electrical motor, change-speed box, runner, bearing seat, little axle and track adjusting wheel, described electrical motor is arranged on the framework top, described electrical motor is connected with change speed gear box, between described gear box output end and little axle, with coupler, be connected, described little axle two ends installation shaft bearing, the little shaft part between bearing seat is installed runner, described bearing seat is fixed on erecting frame, and described rope is sleeved on described runner.Certainly, also can adopt other type of drive.
Further again, described stay cord driven unit has two covers, and the described little axle other end is installed gear, and two gears in two parbuckle driven units form gear pair, and two gear pressure lines are positioned at the centre of framework.
Described clamping driven unit comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder, shifting board, leading screw, turret, stop pin, bearing seat and handle group, described clamping piece is connected with hydraulic cylinder piston rod end section, described hydraulic actuating cylinder is arranged on shifting board, described shifting board is provided with nut seat, described nut seat is sleeved on leading screw, stop pin pins shifting board by the hole on turret, described leading screw one end is connected with the bearing seat on being arranged on turret, the other end of described leading screw connects by the turret that bearing is installed, and the end of described leading screw is connected with handle.Certainly, also can select other type of drive.
Described traveling gear is comprised of track adjusting wheel and erecting frame, and described erecting frame is fixed on the framework lower end, and track adjusting wheel is connected with erecting frame.
Technical conceive of the present utility model: after sample is placed in the multiple dimensioned sample of this mechanization and grabs and turn under feedway, drawing mechanism puts down the sample clamping mechanism, manually swinging handle moves to hydraulic actuating cylinder in piston rod stroke, pins clamping piece and allows hydraulic cylinder piston rod stretch out and clamp sample.If sample does not need upset, manually shake the rocking handle of sample upset catch gear, allow tooth bar be moved upwards up to locked position behind a certain position, then drawing mechanism overturns sample after catch gear and clamping mechanism upwards bring up to certain position, artificially promote framework by it along rail moving to some positions.After this drawing mechanism descends sample upset catch gear and clamping mechanism, makes sample be placed on some positions, the hydraulic actuating cylinder release sample of not working in the sample clamping mechanism.
While after sample need to overturn, moving to some positions, the sample clamping mechanism clamps after drawing mechanism by sample sample is stretched to certain height, after this under the effect of rack-and-pinion, makes gear driven sample clamping mechanism turn an angle.Then framework moves sample is placed to certain position.And being discharged into the height of laying, sample arranged by the position that movably tooth bar is fixed on framework.If flip angle is constant, the catch gear in sample upset catch gear, its concavo-convex circle due under the Compress Spring effect, makes concavo-convex circle further groove and boss just overlap to prevent the rotation of axle before upset and after upset.
The beneficial effect the utlity model has: can meet the equipment of crawl, upset and the conveying of multiple dimensioned, Multiple Shape, large-tonnage sample, improve work efficiency, high precision and safety.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization is grabbed the front view that turns over feedway.
Fig. 2 is that the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization is grabbed the left view that turns over feedway.
The schematic diagram that Fig. 3 is the sample clamping mechanism.
The schematic diagram that Fig. 4 is sample upset catch gear.
The schematic diagram that Fig. 5 is boss circle and column.
The cooperation schematic diagram that Fig. 6 is tooth bar, miniature gears and big gear wheel.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
With reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 6, the multiple dimensioned sample of a kind of mechanization is grabbed and is turned over feedway, comprises drawing mechanism 1, sample clamping mechanism 2, sample upset catch gear 3, traveling gear 5 and framework 4.
Described drawing mechanism 1 mainly is comprised of electrical motor 6, change-speed box 7, gear pair 10, runner 9, bearing seat 8, little axle, track adjusting wheel 11, rope 12, suspension hook 13 and erecting frame.Electrical motor 6 is arranged on framework 5 tops, and electrical motor 6 is connected with change speed gear box 7, and change speed gear box 7 mouths are connected with coupler with little axle, little axle two ends installation shaft bearing 8, little shaft part between bearing seat 8 is installed runner 9, and the little axle other end is installed gear 10, and bearing seat 8 is fixed on erecting frame.With parallel little axle and the part that same size or specification are installed of this little axle (comprising runner, bearing seat, gear on axle), wherein two gears 10 form gear pair.Two gear 10 pressure lines are positioned at the centre of framework 5.Rope 12 1 ends are fixed on runner 9 and can be wound around around it, and rope 12 other ends are fixed on suspension hook 13 by track adjusting wheel 11.Suspension hook 13 is fixed on the cliding seat 27 of sample upset catch gear 4.
Described sample clamping mechanism mainly is comprised of clamping piece 14, sample 15, hydraulic actuating cylinder 16, shifting board 17, leading screw 18, turret 19, stop pin 20, bearing seat 21 and handle 22.Clamping piece 14 is used for clamping sample 15, clamping piece 14 is connected with hydraulic actuating cylinder 16 piston rod ends, hydraulic actuating cylinder 16 is arranged on shifting board 17, shifting board 17 can move along leading screw 18 by turning handle 22, adapt to sample 15 dimensional characteristics, after shifting board 17 moves into place, stop pin 20 pins shifting board 17 by the hole on turret 19.Leading screw 18 1 ends are connected with the bearing seat 21 on being arranged on turret 19, and the other end connects by the turret 19 that bearing is installed, and end is connected with handle 22.
Described sample upset catch gear mainly is comprised of switching mechanism and catch gear.Described catch gear mainly is comprised of back-up ring 23, holddown spring 24, concave station circle 26 and boss circle 25.
Described switching mechanism mainly is comprised of trip shaft 39, miniature gears 28, rocking handle 29, locating dowel pin 30, guide pillar 31, tooth bar 32, big gear wheel 34, bolt of rear end plate 35, baffle plate 36, bearing 37, end ring 38, cliding seat 33.Trip shaft 39 1 ends are connected with turning rack 19.Back-up ring 23 is fixed on trip shaft 39 by circular nut, concave station circle 26 is arranged on trip shaft 39 and along axially moving, holddown spring 24 is installed between the two, boss seat 25 is arranged on cliding seat 33, arrange two grooves on the same diameter of described concave station circle 26, described boss seat 25 has two, and two boss seats 25 lay respectively on the same diameter of cliding seat 33, and described boss seat 25 is positioned at described groove.Cliding seat 33 can move up and down by the column 27 along framework by guide rail, cliding seat 33 is equipped with trip shaft 39 by bearing 37, bearing 37 use end rings 38 are fixing, and trip shaft 39 ends are equipped with big gear wheel 34, and baffle plate 36 is fixing by big gear wheel 34 by bolt of rear end plate 35.Guide pillar 31 is installed on column 27 on certain altitude, and tooth bar 32 can move up and down along guide pillar 31, moves into place the rear locating dowel pin 30 of using and pins described tooth bar 32, and described guide pillar 31 two ends are fixed on column 27 by mounting-fixing base 39.Miniature gears 28 is installed on column 27 on certain altitude, and it can make its rotation by rocking handle 29.Miniature gears 28 forms gear pair with the one side of tooth bar 29, and the another side of tooth bar 29 and big gear wheel 34 form gear pair.
Described traveling gear 5 is comprised of track adjusting wheel and erecting frame.Erecting frame is fixed on the framework lower end, and track adjusting wheel is connected with erecting frame, and track adjusting wheel is walked along definitive orbit.Described framework 4 is comprised of column 27 and entablatrance.
Clamping piece 14 in described sample clamping mechanism 2, according to the corresponding adjustment structure of shape of sample 15, clamps contact surface large as far as possible.Square adopts the vertical bar shape if.
Described sample upset catch gear 3 is arranged in the two ends of sample clamping mechanism 2 turrets 19.
Catch gear in described sample upset catch gear 3, its concavo-convex circle due under the Compress Spring effect, makes concave station circle further groove and boss seat just overlap to prevent the rotation of axle before upset and after upset.
The working process that the present embodiment is implemented: after sample is placed in the multiple dimensioned sample of this mechanization and grabs and turn under feedway, drawing mechanism 1 puts down sample clamping mechanism 2, manually swinging handle 22 moves to hydraulic actuating cylinder 16 in piston rod stroke, pins clamping piece 14 and allows hydraulic actuating cylinder 16 piston rods stretch out and clamp sample.First sample does not need upset, manually shake the rocking handle of sample upset catch gear, allow tooth bar 32 be moved upwards up to locked position behind a certain position, then drawing mechanism 1 overturns sample after catch gear 3 and clamping mechanism 2 upwards bring up to certain position, artificially promote framework by it along rail moving to some positions.After this drawing mechanism descends sample upset catch gear 3 and clamping mechanism 2, makes sample 15 be placed on some positions, the hydraulic actuating cylinder 16 release sample of not working in sample clamping mechanism 2.
Sample moves on first sample after need to turning over turnback, and sample clamping mechanism 2 clamps after drawing mechanism by sample sample is stretched to certain height, after this under the effect of rack-and-pinion, makes gear driven sample clamping mechanism rotate 180 degree.Then framework moves sample is placed to certain position.And being discharged into the height of laying, sample arranged by the position that movably tooth bar is fixed on framework.Catch gear in sample upset catch gear, its concavo-convex circle due under the Compress Spring effect, makes concavo-convex circle further groove and boss just overlap to prevent the rotation of axle before upset and after upset.

Claims (6)

1. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization is grabbed and is turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described grabbing turned over feedway and comprised framework, drawing mechanism, sample clamping mechanism, sample switching mechanism and traveling gear, described traveling gear is positioned at the lower end of described framework, described framework upper is installed described drawing mechanism, described drawing mechanism comprises rope and in order to drive the stay cord driven unit of rope up-and-down movement, rope is connected with suspension hook, and described suspension hook is fixed on the cliding seat of sample upset catch gear;
Described frame mid portion is provided with described sample clamping mechanism and sample switching mechanism, described sample clamping mechanism comprises turret, two clamping piece and clamping driven units in order to drive clamping piece to move in order to clamp sample, described clamping driven unit is connected with described turret, the telescopic end of described clamping driven unit is connected with described clamping piece, and the both sides of described turret are connected with an end of a trip shaft respectively;
Described sample switching mechanism comprises trip shaft, miniature gears, rocking handle, locating dowel pin, guide pillar, tooth bar, big gear wheel, bolt of rear end plate, baffle plate, bearing, end ring and cliding seat, described framework comprises two root posts, described cliding seat can be arranged on column up or down, described cliding seat is installed described trip shaft by bearing, the end of the other end of described trip shaft is equipped with big gear wheel, on described column, guide pillar is installed, tooth bar can be sleeved on described guide pillar up or down, on described column, miniature gears is installed, the rotating shaft of miniature gears and rocking handle interlock, the one side of miniature gears and tooth bar forms gear pair, the another side of described tooth bar and big gear wheel form gear pair.
2. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization as claimed in claim 1 is grabbed and is turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described grabbing turned over conveyer and also comprised catch gear, described catch gear comprises back-up ring, holddown spring, concave station circle and boss seat, described back-up ring and concave station circle are arranged on trip shaft, between described back-up ring and concave station circle, holddown spring is installed, arrange two grooves on the same diameter of described concave station circle, the boss seat is arranged on cliding seat, described boss seat has two, and two boss seats lay respectively on the same diameter of cliding seat, described boss seat is positioned at described groove.
3. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is grabbed and is turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described stay cord driven unit comprises electrical motor, change-speed box, runner, bearing seat, little axle and track adjusting wheel, described electrical motor is arranged on the framework top, described electrical motor is connected with change speed gear box, between described gear box output end and little axle, with coupler, be connected, described little axle two ends installation shaft bearing, little shaft part between bearing seat is installed runner, described bearing seat is fixed on erecting frame, and described rope is sleeved on described runner.
4. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization as claimed in claim 3 is grabbed and is turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described stay cord driven unit has two covers, the described little axle other end is installed gear, and two gears in two parbuckle driven units form gear pair, and two gear pressure lines are positioned at the centre of framework.
5. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is grabbed and is turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described clamping driven unit comprises hydraulic actuating cylinder, shifting board, leading screw, turret, stop pin, bearing seat and handle group, described clamping piece is connected with hydraulic cylinder piston rod end section, described hydraulic actuating cylinder is arranged on shifting board, described shifting board is provided with nut seat, described nut seat is sleeved on leading screw, stop pin pins shifting board by the hole on turret, described leading screw one end is connected with the bearing seat on being arranged on turret, the other end of described leading screw connects by the turret that bearing is installed, the end of described leading screw is connected with handle.
6. the multiple dimensioned sample of mechanization as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is grabbed and turned over feedway, it is characterized in that: described traveling gear is comprised of track adjusting wheel and erecting frame, and described erecting frame is fixed on the framework lower end, and track adjusting wheel is connected with erecting frame.
CN 201320295062 2013-05-27 2013-05-27 Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor Withdrawn - After Issue CN203359867U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320295062 CN203359867U (en) 2013-05-27 2013-05-27 Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320295062 CN203359867U (en) 2013-05-27 2013-05-27 Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203359867U true CN203359867U (en) 2013-12-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320295062 Withdrawn - After Issue CN203359867U (en) 2013-05-27 2013-05-27 Mechanical and multi-scale sample catching and turning conveyor

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103350966A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-10-16 绍兴文理学院 Multi-scale sample overturning and conveying machine
CN112782199A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-11 芜湖哈特机器人产业技术研究院有限公司 Film clamping anti-collision device for radiographic inspection

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103350966A (en) * 2013-05-27 2013-10-16 绍兴文理学院 Multi-scale sample overturning and conveying machine
CN103350966B (en) * 2013-05-27 2015-10-28 绍兴文理学院 Multiple dimensioned sample is grabbed and is turned over conveyer
CN112782199A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-11 芜湖哈特机器人产业技术研究院有限公司 Film clamping anti-collision device for radiographic inspection

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20131225

Effective date of abandoning: 20151028

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting