CN104070601B - Automatic lamination upset shaped device - Google Patents

Automatic lamination upset shaped device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104070601B
CN104070601B CN201410284645.2A CN201410284645A CN104070601B CN 104070601 B CN104070601 B CN 104070601B CN 201410284645 A CN201410284645 A CN 201410284645A CN 104070601 B CN104070601 B CN 104070601B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
upset
axle
rollover stand
driving
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CN201410284645.2A
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CN104070601A (en
Inventor
傅俊元
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QUANZHOU SANLIAN MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO Ltd
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QUANZHOU SANLIAN MACHINERY MANUFACTURE CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201410284645.2A priority Critical patent/CN104070601B/en
Publication of CN104070601A publication Critical patent/CN104070601A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/34Devices for discharging articles or materials from conveyor 
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/03Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack from above

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of upset of lamination automatically shaped device.This device comprises template delivery device, automatic palletizing machine, shaping mechanism and switching mechanism; Be provided with grasping plate station adjacent side by side and lamination station in the Rack Body of automatic palletizing machine, template delivery device conveying templates is in grasping plate station, and shaping mechanism is arranged in lamination station; Automatic palletizing machine is also provided with adjustable shelf; Between adjustable shelf and frame, travel driving unit is installed; Adjustable shelf two opposite sides are arranged with about two groups hoisting mechanisms, and adjustable shelf is also provided with lifting drive; Shaping mechanism comprises fixed frame, fixed head, movable pressing board and clamping adjustment device, and switching mechanism is connected with the fixed frame of shaping mechanism.This device not only operating efficiency is high, and labour intensity is little, can realize streamline automated production, and this device integrates lamination, shaping and overturn, thus has greatly saved occupation of land space, improves the space availability ratio of workshop, reduces production cost.

Description

Automatic lamination upset shaped device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wallboard manufacturing machine, particularly one automatic lamination upset shaped device.
Background technology
The traditional production of complex heat-preservation Light trabs all adopts direct perforate then slip casting on vertical mould, and this technique cannot realize bilayer or sandwich construction is arranged, realize bilayer or the process that need adopt flat-die slip casting, formwork erection maintenance arranged by sandwich construction.The thought of the method is for first to keep flat template, sandwich construction (as shop fixtures film, note prime cement, laying battenboard, note starch adhesive, paving teleblem) has been laid from bottom to top in template, the template prepared many groups is afterwards stacked together from bottom to top successively, turns under stress to turn 90 degrees and carries out formwork erection maintenance.There is no at present realize lamination in this technique, shaping and upset work step automatic production device.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above shortcoming, there is provided a kind of be applicable to lamination in flat-die slip casting, this technique of formwork erection maintenance, shaping and upset work step automatic production device, this device not only operating efficiency is high, labour intensity is little, can realize streamline automated production, and this device integrates lamination, shaping and overturn, thus greatly saved occupation of land space, improve the space availability ratio of workshop, reduce production cost.
The present invention is achieved in that a kind of upset of lamination automatically shaped device, it is characterized in that: this device comprises template delivery device, automatic palletizing machine, shaping mechanism and is used for driving the switching mechanism of shaping mechanism upset; Be provided with grasping plate station adjacent side by side and lamination station in the Rack Body of described automatic palletizing machine, template delivery device conveying templates is in grasping plate station, and shaping mechanism is arranged in lamination station; Described automatic palletizing machine is also provided with and is movably installed in machine frame inside and the adjustable shelf can walked between the grasping plate station of frame and lamination station; The travel driving unit driving adjustable shelf walking is installed between described adjustable shelf and frame; Adjustable shelf two opposite sides are arranged with two groups of hoisting mechanisms being up and down used for handling template, adjustable shelf are also provided with the lifting drive for driving upper and lower hoisting mechanism to rise or decline; The movable pressing board that described shaping mechanism comprises fixed frame, the fixed head being vertically fixedly installed in fixed frame front side top, Vertical movements are installed on fixed frame back side top and being used for drives the clamping adjustment device of the parallel lifting moving of movable pressing board opposing fixed plate, and described switching mechanism is connected with the fixed frame of shaping mechanism.
Upper and lower hoisting mechanism is driven in order to synchronous better, described lifting drive comprises and is fixedly installed in lifting speed reducer on adjustable shelf and synchronous gear box, the sprocket wheel connection for transmission of chain one and corresponding matching is passed through between the power output shaft of lifting speed reducer and the power input shaft of synchronous gear box, the power output shaft of two synchronism output power of synchronous gear box is respectively by the sprocket wheel of chain two and chain three and corresponding matching and about two groups hoisting mechanism connection for transmissions, described adjustable shelf is installed with and is used for tension chain two respectively, the chain tension wheels of chain three.
In order to upper and lower climbing shuttering better, the hoisting mechanism up and down of every side comprises and to be rotationally connected with adjustable shelf and to be divided into driving axle part and the driven shaft parts of the upper and lower both sides of template delivery device, and driving axle part is by corresponding chain two or the chain three corresponding power output shaft connection for transmission with synchronous gear box; By the lifting driving chain connection for transmission of more than two between driving axle part and driven shaft parts, be installed with the synchronous connecting shaft that transverse horizontal is arranged between each lifting driving chain, the axial both sides of synchronous connecting shaft are provided with hangs pawl for clamping template.
In order to eliminate chain slack phenomenon, improving the transmission efficiency of chain, between described adjustable shelf and driven shaft parts, being provided with the tensioning adjusting device for regulating lifting driving chain rate of tension.
Can move better more reposefully to make adjustable shelf, described travel driving unit comprises the driving speed reducer be fixedly installed on adjustable shelf, rotate be installed on walking driving shaft on adjustable shelf and perpendicular to adjustable shelf direction of travel, be fixedly installed in the gear at the axial two ends of driving shaft of walk and be installed on frame top both sides and with the tooth bar of the corresponding engaged transmission of corresponding side gear, pass through between the power output shaft of driving speed reducer and walking driving shaft to walk sprocket wheel with walk chain connection for transmission.
In order to realize fixing fast, the quick separating of switching mechanism and shaping mechanism, described switching mechanism comprises underframe, is located at the rollover stand above underframe and is connected to the upset driving oil cylinder that being used between underframe and rollover stand drives rollover stand upset, the front end of rollover stand is articulated with on front side of underframe by jointed shaft, the rear end of rollover stand drives one end of oil cylinder to be rotationally connected with upset, and upset drives the other end of oil cylinder and underframe to be rotationally connected; The left and right sides of underframe is respectively provided with one group respectively and extends along the longitudinal direction and the track be parallel to each other; Bottom described fixed frame, rear and front end is respectively provided with the axle assembly being used for driving shaping mechanism movable matched with track for a pair respectively; The left and right sides, front end of described underframe is also respectively provided with one group respectively can with the corresponding axle locating being rotationally connected and can being separated corresponding thereto of two axle assemblies being positioned at fixed frame front end; Also being provided with on rear side of the bottom of described fixed frame can the fixing turnover connecting piece that again can corresponding thereto be separated relative to rollover stand front end.
In order to locate clamping shaping mechanism better, described axle locating comprises the supporting seat be fixedly installed on underframe, the wheel shaft be fixedly installed on supporting seat puts block in place, rotational support is connected to wheel shaft on supporting seat and rotates rotation positional cylinder that locating shaft, the oil cylinder positioning seat be fixedly installed on underframe, one end and oil cylinder positioning seat be rotationally connected and be connected to and rotates the rotation that the positional cylinder other end and wheel shaft rotate between locating shaft and locate fork, and fork is located in rotation and wheel shaft rotates locating shaft coaxial linkage; The wheel that each axle assembly comprises the axle block be fixedly installed on fixed frame, is installed on the wheel shaft on axle block and is rotationally connected with wheel shaft; Axial one end that described wheel shaft rotates locating shaft is coaxially installed with the half bag axle sleeve be connected to for turning set on wheel shaft, the axle sleeve wall of described half bag axle sleeve is provided with the opening be convenient to wheel shaft and passed in and out, and described half bag axle sleeve can go to half bag axle sleeve opening at the drive backspin rotating positional cylinder and rotation location fork is in backward or downward two states.
In order to realize being rotationally connected and relative separation of axle assembly and axle locating better, described half bag axle sleeve internal perisporium cross section is U-shaped, U-shaped bottom is the semicircle be rotatably assorted with wheel shaft, and the described wheel shaft block that puts in place is L-type, and the angle position of L-type is provided with and the fillet of taking turns shaft diameter and matching.
In order to realize better overturning, realize the relative of rollover stand and shaping mechanism and fix and relative separation, described turnover connecting piece comprises the upset Connection Block that to fixedly mount with fixed frame and be connected and is installed on the upset connecting axle overturn on Connection Block, and the axis of described upset connecting axle and wheel shaft is parallel to each other; Described rollover stand comprises rollover stand body, be fixed at rollover stand body front end and the rollover stand overturning seat be rotationally connected with jointed shaft, to be fixedly installed in outside rollover stand body rear end and the rollover stand front fork plate be connected with upset connecting axle and be fixedly installed in rollover stand body rear inside and with overturn the rollover stand oil cylinder seat driving one end of oil cylinder to be rotationally connected, described rollover stand front fork plate is provided with the U-shaped buckling groove be convenient to overturn connecting axle and passed in and out.
No longer down overturning when being turned to horizontal level to make shaping mechanism, avoiding being turned to dead-centre position and causing switching mechanism to overturn, bottom the rear end of described rollover stand, being also provided with turnover position limiting apparatus.
Compared to prior art, the present invention has the following advantages:
(1) automatic lamination upset shaped device of the present invention, integrates lamination, shaping and overturn, thus has greatly saved occupation of land space, improve the space availability ratio of workshop, reduction production cost;
(2) automatic lamination upset shaped device of the present invention, shaping mechanism and switching mechanism can realize fixing, quick separating fast, avoid a shaping mechanism and be equipped with the wasting of resources that a switching mechanism causes, greatly reduce production cost, improve the space availability ratio of workshop;
(3) automatic lamination upset shaped device of the present invention, operating efficiency is high, and labour intensity is little, can realize streamline automated production;
(4) automatic lamination upset shaped device of the present invention, rational in infrastructure, dependable performance, is easy to apply.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described in conjunction with the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention's automatic lamination upset shaped device;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of automatic palletizing machine in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Fig. 3 mid frame;
Fig. 5 is the top view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of adjustable shelf in Fig. 3, travel driving unit, up and down hoisting mechanism and lifting drive;
Fig. 7 is the top view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the left view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of switching mechanism and shaping mechanism in Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of switching mechanism and another duty of shaping mechanism;
Figure 11 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of shaping mechanism in Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of switching mechanism in Figure 10;
Figure 13 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of axle locating in Figure 12;
Figure 14 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram that in Figure 13, wheel shaft rotates locating shaft and half bag axle sleeve;
Figure 15 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of rollover stand in 12;
Figure 16 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram of axle assembly and axle locating relative separation in Figure 10;
Figure 17 is the three-dimensional structure schematic diagram that in Figure 10, axle assembly just encounters the wheel shaft position block in axle locating;
Figure 18 is the axle locating three-dimensional structure schematic diagram that is rotationally connected corresponding to axle assembly in Figure 10.
Symbol description in figure: 1, template delivery device, 2, automatic palletizing machine, 2-1, frame, 2-2 adjustable shelf, 2-3 travel driving unit, 2-3-1, driving speed reducer, 2-3-2, walking driving shaft, 2-3-3, gear, 2-3-4, tooth bar, 2-3-5, walking sprocket wheel, 2-3-6, walking chain, the upper and lower hoisting mechanism of 2-4,2-4-1, driving axle part, 2-4-2, driven shaft parts, 2-4-3, lifting driving chain, 2-5 lifting drive, 2-5-1, lifting speed reducer, 2-5-2, synchronous gear box, 2-5-3, chain one, 2-5-4, chain two, 2-5-5, chain three, 2-5-6, chain tension wheels, 3, shaping mechanism, 3-1, fixed frame, 3-2, fixed head, 3-3, movable pressing board, 3-4, clamping adjustment device, 3-5, axle assembly, 3-5-1, axle block, 3-5-2, wheel shaft, 3-5-3, wheel, 3-6, turnover connecting piece, 3-6-1, upset Connection Block, 3-6-2, upset connecting axle, 4, switching mechanism, 4-1, underframe, 4-2, rollover stand, 4-2-1, rollover stand body, 4-2-2, rollover stand overturning seat, 4-2-3, rollover stand front fork plate, 4-2-4, rollover stand oil cylinder seat, 4-2-5, U-shaped buckling groove, 4-3, upset drives oil cylinder, 4-4, track, 4-5, axle locating, 4-5-1, supporting seat, 4-5-2, wheel shaft puts in place block, 4-5-3, wheel shaft rotates locating shaft, 4-5-4, oil cylinder positioning seat, 4-5-5, rotate positional cylinder, 4-5-6, rotate location fork, 4-5-7, half bag axle sleeve, 4-6, jointed shaft, 4-7, turnover position limiting apparatus, 5, grasping plate station, 6, lamination station, 7, template.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with Figure of description and specific embodiment, content of the present invention is described in detail:
As shown in the figure, be one provided by the invention automatic lamination upset shaped device, this device comprises template delivery device 1, automatic palletizing machine 2, shaping mechanism 3 and is used for driving the switching mechanism 4 of shaping mechanism 3 upset; Be provided with grasping plate station 5 adjacent side by side and lamination station 6 in the frame 2-1 body of described automatic palletizing machine 2, in template delivery device 1 conveying templates 7 to grasping plate station 5, shaping mechanism 3 is arranged in lamination station 6; Described automatic palletizing machine 2 is also provided with and is movably installed in frame 2-1 inside and the adjustable shelf 2-2 that can walk between the grasping plate station 5 of frame 2-1 and lamination station 6; The travel driving unit 2-3 driving adjustable shelf 2-2 walking is installed between described adjustable shelf 2-2 and frame 2-1; Adjustable shelf 2-2 two opposite sides are arranged with two groups of 2-4 of hoisting mechanism being up and down used for handling template 7, adjustable shelf 2-2 are also provided with the lifting drive 2-5 for driving upper and lower hoisting mechanism 2-4 to rise or decline; The movable pressing board 3-3 that described shaping mechanism 3 comprises fixed frame 3-1, the fixed head 3-2 being vertically fixedly installed in fixed frame 3-1 front side top, Vertical movements is installed on fixed frame 3-1 back side top and being used for drives the clamping adjustment device 3-4 of movable pressing board 3-3 opposing fixed plate 3-2 parallel lifting moving, and clamping adjustment device 3-4 can be screw-rod structure or hydraulic-pneumatic oil cylinder or other structure; Described switching mechanism 4 is connected with the fixed frame of shaping mechanism 3.
Upper and lower hoisting mechanism 2-4 is driven in order to synchronous better, described lifting drive 2-5 comprises and is fixedly installed in lifting speed reducer 2-5-1 on adjustable shelf 2-2 and synchronous gear box 2-5-2, the sprocket wheel connection for transmission of chain one 2-5-3 and corresponding matching is passed through between the power output shaft of lifting speed reducer 2-5-1 and the power input shaft of synchronous gear box 2-5-2, the power output shaft of two synchronism output power of synchronous gear box 2-5-2 is respectively by the sprocket wheel of chain two 2-5-4 and chain three 2-5-5 and corresponding matching and about two groups hoisting mechanism 2-4 connection for transmissions, described adjustable shelf 2-2 is installed with and is used for tension chain two 2-5-4 respectively, the chain tension wheels 2-5-6 of chain three 2-5-5.
In order to upper and lower climbing shuttering 7 better, the 2-4 of hoisting mechanism up and down of every side comprises and to be rotationally connected with adjustable shelf 2-2 and to be divided into the driving axle part 2-4-1 of template delivery device about 1 both sides and driven shaft parts 2-4-2, driving axle part 2-4-1 by the corresponding power output shaft connection for transmission of corresponding chain two 2-5-4 or chain three 2-5-5 with synchronous gear box 2-5-2; By the lifting driving chain 2-4-3 connection for transmission of more than two between driving axle part 2-4-1 and driven shaft parts 2-4-2, be installed with the synchronous connecting shaft that transverse horizontal is arranged between each lifting driving chain 2-4-3, the axial both sides of synchronous connecting shaft are provided with hangs pawl for clamping template.
In order to eliminate chain slack phenomenon, improving the transmission efficiency of chain, between described adjustable shelf 2-2 and driven shaft parts 2-4-2, being provided with the tensioning adjusting device for regulating lifting driving chain 2-4-3 rate of tension.Adjustable shelf 2-2 is provided with groove, and tensioning adjusting device can move up and down along groove relative motion frame 2-2, uses nut check tensioning adjusting device after moving to correct position.
Can move better more reposefully to make adjustable shelf 2-2, described travel driving unit 2-3 comprises the driving speed reducer 2-3-1 be fixedly installed on adjustable shelf 2-2, rotate and be installed on walking driving shaft 2-3-2 on adjustable shelf 2-2 and perpendicular with adjustable shelf 2-2 direction of travel, be fixedly installed in the gear 2-3-3 at the axial two ends of walking driving shaft 2-3-2 and be installed on both sides, frame 2-1 top and the tooth bar 2-3-4 of engaged transmission corresponding to corresponding side gear, by sprocket wheel 2-3-5 and the chain 2-3-6 connection for transmission of walking of walking between the power output shaft of driving speed reducer 2-3-1 and walking driving shaft 2-3-2.
In order to realize fixing fast, the quick separating of switching mechanism 4 and shaping mechanism 3, described switching mechanism 4 comprises underframe 4-1, is located at the rollover stand 4-2 above underframe 4-1 and is connected to the upset driving oil cylinder 4-3 that being used between underframe 4-1 and rollover stand 4-2 drives rollover stand 4-2 upset, the front end of rollover stand 4-2 is articulated with on front side of underframe 4-1 by jointed shaft 4-6, the rear end of rollover stand 4-2 drives one end of oil cylinder 4-3 to be rotationally connected with upset, and upset drives the other end of oil cylinder 4-3 and underframe 4-1 to be rotationally connected; The left and right sides of underframe 4-1 is respectively provided with one group respectively and extends along the longitudinal direction and the track 4-4 be parallel to each other; Bottom described fixed frame 3-1, rear and front end is respectively provided with the axle assembly 3-5 being used for driving shaping mechanism 3 movable matched with track 4-4 for a pair respectively; The left and right sides, front end of described underframe 4-1 is also respectively provided with one group respectively can with the corresponding axle locating 4-5 being rotationally connected and can being separated corresponding thereto of two axle assembly 3-5 being positioned at fixed frame 3-1 front end; Also being provided with on rear side of the bottom of described fixed frame 3-1 can the fixing turnover connecting piece 3-6 that again can corresponding thereto be separated relative to rollover stand 4-1 front end.
In order to locate clamping shaping mechanism 3 better, described axle locating 4-5 comprises the supporting seat 4-5-1 be fixedly installed on underframe 4-1, the wheel shaft be fixedly installed on supporting seat 4-5-1 puts in place block 4-5-2, the wheel shaft that rotational support is connected on supporting seat 4-5-1 rotates locating shaft 4-5-3, be fixedly installed in the oil cylinder positioning seat 4-5-4 on underframe 4-1, the rotation positional cylinder 4-5-5 that one end and oil cylinder positioning seat 4-5-4 are rotationally connected, and be connected to the rotation location fork 4-5-6 rotated between the positional cylinder 4-5-5 other end and wheel shaft rotation locating shaft 4-5-3, rotation location fork 4-5-6 and wheel shaft rotate locating shaft 4-5-3 coaxial linkage, the wheel 3-5-3 that each axle assembly 3-5 comprises the axle block 3-5-1 be fixedly installed on fixed frame 3-1, is installed on the wheel shaft 3-5-2 on axle block 3-5-1 and is rotationally connected with wheel shaft 3-5-2, axial one end that described wheel shaft rotates locating shaft 4-5-3 is coaxially installed with the half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 be connected to for turning set on wheel shaft 3-5-2, the axle sleeve wall of described half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 is provided with the opening being convenient to wheel shaft 3-5-2 turnover, and described half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 can go to half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 opening at the drive backspin rotating positional cylinder 4-5-5 and rotation location fork 4-5-6 is in backward or downward two states.
In order to realize being rotationally connected and relative separation of axle assembly 3-5 and axle locating 4-5 better, described half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 internal perisporium cross section is U-shaped, U-shaped bottom is the semicircle be rotatably assorted with wheel shaft 3-5-2, the described wheel shaft block 4-5-2 that puts in place is L-type, and the angle position of L-type is provided with the fillet matched with wheel shaft 3-5-2 diameter.
In order to realize better overturning, realize the relative of rollover stand 4-2 and shaping mechanism 3 and fix and relative separation, described turnover connecting piece 3-6 comprises the upset Connection Block 3-6-1 that to fixedly mount with fixed frame 3-1 and be connected and is installed on the upset connecting axle 3-6-2 overturn on Connection Block 3-6-1, and the axis of described upset connecting axle 3-6-2 and wheel shaft 3-5-2 is parallel to each other; Described rollover stand 4-2 comprises rollover stand body 4-2-1, be fixed at rollover stand body 4-2-1 front end and the rollover stand overturning seat 4-2-2 be rotationally connected with jointed shaft 4-6, to be fixedly installed in outside rollover stand body 4-2-1 rear end and the rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3 be connected with upset connecting axle 3-6-2 and be fixedly installed in rollover stand body 4-2-1 rear inside and with overturn the rollover stand oil cylinder seat 4-2-4 driving one end of oil cylinder 4-3 to be rotationally connected, described rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3 is provided with the U-shaped buckling groove 4-2-5 be convenient to overturn connecting axle 3-6-2 and passed in and out.
No longer down overturn when being turned to horizontal level to make shaping mechanism 3, avoiding being turned to dead-centre position causes switching mechanism 3 to overturn, also be provided with turnover position limiting apparatus 4-7 bottom the rear end of described rollover stand 4-2, turnover position limiting apparatus 4-7 adopts bolt regulating device.
The operation principle of the present invention's automatic lamination upset shaped device is as follows:
(1) shaping mechanism 3 moves to upset preparation station: as Figure 16, shown in Figure 17, when shaping mechanism 3 along track 4-4 relative to underframe 4-1 by after move forward to upset preparation station time, even if the axle assembly 3-5 wheel shaft met on axle locating 4-5 puts in place, during block 4-5-2, shaping mechanism 3 stops mobile, wheel shaft 3-5-2 now on axle assembly 3-5 just enters half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 (now, the opening of half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 backward), upset connecting axle 3-6-2 on the turnover connecting piece 3-6 of shaping mechanism 3 head end just falls in the U-shaped buckling groove 4-2-5 of rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3,
(2) location, shaping mechanism 3 turn to lamination station 6: the rotation positional cylinder 4-5-5 then on axle locating 4-5 starts, drive and rotate location fork 4-5-6, drive wheel shaft to rotate locating shaft 4-5-3 and rotate 90 degree, Open Side Down to make half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7, the free degree (as shown in figure 18) of restriction shaping mechanism 3 all directions; Then upset drives oil cylinder 4-3 to start, drive rollover stand 4-2, rollover stand 4-2 is upwards rotated around jointed shaft 4-6, rollover stand 4-2 promotes the upset connecting axle 3-6-2 on turnover connecting piece 3-6 by rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3, make shaping mechanism 3 with the wheel shaft 3-5-2 on axle assembly 3-5 for fulcrum upwards rotates, until shaping mechanism 3 forwards lamination station 6 (as shown in Figure 1) to;
(3) lamination: when template 7 to be sent to the grasping plate station 5 of automatic palletizing machine 2 by template delivery device 1, lifting speed reducer 2-5-1 starts, the 2-4 of hoisting mechanism up and down of adjustable shelf 2-2 both sides is driven synchronously to rise by synchronous gear box 2-5-2, template 7 is carried to most significant end, then driving speed reducer 2-3-1 starts, walking driving shaft 2-3-2 is driven to rotate by the walking sprocket wheel 2-3-5 in the middle part of walking driving shaft 2-3-2, walking driving shaft 2-3-2 drives the gear 2-3-3 of both sides to rotate on tooth bar 2-3-4, adjustable shelf 2-2 is made to move to directly over shaping mechanism 3, and then lifting speed reducer 2-5-1 starts, the 2-4 of hoisting mechanism up and down of adjustable shelf 2-2 both sides is driven synchronously to drop to lowermost end by synchronous gear box 2-5-2, template just falls into shaping mechanism 3, driving speed reducer 2-3-1 starts, adjustable shelf 2-2 is driven to move to above template delivery device 1, repeat above-mentioned steps until shaping mechanism 3 fills template 7,
(4) shaping mechanism 3 turn to maintenance state, removes location, delivers to curing line: clamping adjustment device 3-4 drives movable pressing board 3-3 to move down, locking template 7, and then upset drives oil cylinder 4-3 to start, drive rollover stand 4-2, rollover stand 4-2 is rotated around jointed shaft 4-6, rollover stand 4-2 pulls the upset connecting axle 3-6-2 on turnover connecting piece 3-6 by rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3, make shaping mechanism 3 with the wheel shaft 3-5-2 on axle assembly 3-5 for fulcrum rotates, until shaping mechanism 3 forwards maintenance state (as shown in Figure 10) to, then the rotation positional cylinder 4-5-5 on axle locating 4-5 starts, drive and rotate location fork 4-5-6, drive wheel shaft rotation locating shaft 4-5-3 to return to turn 90 degrees, make the opening of half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 backward (as shown in figure 17), the automatic degree removing shaping mechanism 3 movement in the horizontal direction limits, wheel shaft 3-5-2 on axle assembly 3-5 and half bag axle sleeve 4-5-7 can relative separation, the U-shaped buckling groove 4-2-5 of the upset connecting axle 3-6-2 on turnover connecting piece 3-6 and rollover stand front fork plate 4-2-3 also can relative separation, then shaping mechanism 3 is sent to curing line along the relative underframe 4-1 of track 4-4 by after forward direction.
Above-mentioned detailed description of the invention is just explained in detail technical scheme of the present invention, and the present invention has more than and is only confined to above-described embodiment, and every any improvement according to the principle of the invention or replacement, all should within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic lamination upset shaped device, is characterized in that: this device comprises template delivery device (1), automatic palletizing machine (2), shaping mechanism (3) and is used for driving the switching mechanism (4) of shaping mechanism upset; Grasping plate station (5) adjacent side by side and lamination station (6) is provided with in frame (2-1) body of described automatic palletizing machine (2), template delivery device (1) conveying templates (7) is in grasping plate station (5), and shaping mechanism (3) is arranged in lamination station (6);
Described automatic palletizing machine (2) is also provided with and is movably installed in frame (2-1) inside and the adjustable shelf (2-2) can walked between the grasping plate station (5) of frame (2-1) and lamination station (6); The travel driving unit (2-3) driving adjustable shelf (2-2) to walk is installed between described adjustable shelf (2-2) and frame (2-1); Adjustable shelf (2-2) two opposite sides are arranged with two groups of hoisting mechanisms up and down (2-4) being used for handling template, adjustable shelf (2-2) are also provided with the lifting drive (2-5) for driving upper and lower hoisting mechanism (2-4) to rise or decline; The movable pressing board (3-3) that described shaping mechanism (3) comprises fixed frame (3-1), is vertically fixedly installed in the fixed head (3-2) of fixed frame (3-1) front side top, Vertical movements is installed on fixed frame (3-1) back side top and being used for drives the clamping adjustment device (3-4) of movable pressing board (3-3) opposing fixed plate (3-2) parallel lifting moving, and described switching mechanism (4) is connected with the fixed frame (3-1) of shaping mechanism (3).
2. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lifting drive (2-5) comprises and is fixedly installed in lifting speed reducer (2-5-1) on adjustable shelf (2-2) and synchronous gear box (2-5-2), the sprocket wheel connection for transmission of chain one (2-5-3) and corresponding matching is passed through between the power output shaft of lifting speed reducer (2-5-1) and the power input shaft of synchronous gear box (2-5-2), the power output shaft of two synchronism output power of synchronous gear box (2-5-2) is respectively by the sprocket wheel of chain two (2-5-4) and chain three (2-5-5) and corresponding matching and about two groups hoisting mechanism (2-4) connection for transmissions, described adjustable shelf (2-2) is installed with and is used for tension chain two (2-5-4) respectively, the chain tension wheels (2-5-6) of chain three (2-5-5).
3. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the hoisting mechanism up and down (2-4) of every side comprises and to be rotationally connected with adjustable shelf (2-2) and to be divided into template delivery device (1) driving axle part (2-4-1) of both sides and driven shaft parts (2-4-2) up and down, driving axle part (2-4-1) is by corresponding chain two (2-5-4) or chain three (2-5-5) the corresponding power output shaft connection for transmission with synchronous gear box (2-5-2); By lifting driving chain (2-4-3) connection for transmission of more than two between driving axle part (2-4-1) and driven shaft parts (2-4-2), be installed with the synchronous connecting shaft that transverse horizontal is arranged between each lifting driving chain (2-4-3), the axial both sides of synchronous connecting shaft are provided with hangs pawl for clamping template.
4. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: be provided with the tensioning adjusting device for regulating lifting driving chain (2-4-3) rate of tension between described adjustable shelf (2-2) and driven shaft parts (2-4-2).
5. the automatic lamination upset shaped device according to any one of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: described travel driving unit (2-3) comprises the driving speed reducer (2-3-1) be fixedly installed on adjustable shelf (2-2), rotation is installed on upper and perpendicular with adjustable shelf (2-2) the direction of travel walking driving shaft (2-3-2) of adjustable shelf (2-2), be fixedly installed in the gear (2-3-3) at walking driving shaft (2-3-2) axial two ends and be installed on frame (2-1) both sides, top and the tooth bar (2-3-4) of engaged transmission corresponding to corresponding side gear, by walking sprocket wheel (2-3-5) and chain (2-3-6) connection for transmission of walking between the power output shaft of driving speed reducer (2-3-1) and walking driving shaft (2-3-2).
6. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described switching mechanism (4) comprises underframe (4-1), be located at underframe (4-1) top rollover stand (4-2) and be connected between underframe (4-1) and rollover stand (4-2) being used for drive rollover stand (4-2) overturn upset driving oil cylinder (4-3), the front end of rollover stand (4-2) is articulated with underframe (4-1) front side by jointed shaft (4-6), the rear end of rollover stand (4-2) drives one end of oil cylinder (4-3) to be rotationally connected with upset, upset drives the other end of oil cylinder (4-3) and underframe (4-1) to be rotationally connected, the left and right sides of underframe (4-1) is respectively provided with one group respectively and extends along the longitudinal direction and the track be parallel to each other (4-4), rear and front end, described fixed frame (3-1) bottom is respectively provided with the axle assembly (3-5) being used for driving shaping mechanism (3) movable matched with track (4-4) for a pair respectively, the left and right sides, front end of described underframe (4-1) is also respectively provided with one group respectively can the axle locating (4-5) that be rotationally connected and can corresponding thereto be separated corresponding to two axle assemblies (3-5) being positioned at fixed frame (3-1) front end, also being provided with on rear side of the bottom of described fixed frame (3-1) can the fixing turnover connecting piece (3-6) that again can corresponding thereto be separated relative to rollover stand (4-1) front end.
7. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described axle locating (4-5) comprises the supporting seat (4-5-1) be fixedly installed on underframe (4-1), the wheel shaft be fixedly installed on supporting seat (4-5-1) puts in place block (4-5-2), the wheel shaft that rotational support is connected on supporting seat (4-5-1) rotates locating shaft (4-5-3), be fixedly installed in the oil cylinder positioning seat (4-5-4) on underframe (4-1), the rotation positional cylinder (4-5-5) that one end and oil cylinder positioning seat (4-5-4) are rotationally connected, and be connected to rotation location fork (4-5-6) rotated between positional cylinder (4-5-5) other end and wheel shaft rotation locating shaft (4-5-3), rotate location fork (4-5-6) and rotate locating shaft (4-5-3) coaxial linkage with wheel shaft, the wheel (3-5-3) that each axle assembly (3-5) comprises the axle block (3-5-1) be fixedly installed on fixed frame (3-1), is installed on the wheel shaft (3-5-2) on axle block (3-5-1) and is rotationally connected with wheel shaft (3-5-2), axial one end that described wheel shaft rotates locating shaft (4-5-3) is coaxially installed with the half bag axle sleeve (4-5-7) be connected to for turning set on wheel shaft (3-5-2), the axle sleeve wall of described half bag axle sleeve (4-5-7) is provided with the opening be convenient to wheel shaft (3-5-2) and passed in and out, and described half bag axle sleeve (4-5-7) can go to half bag axle sleeve (4-5-7) opening at the drive backspin rotating positional cylinder (4-5-5) and rotation location fork (4-5-6) is in backward or downward two states.
8. automatic lamination upset shaped device according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described half bag axle sleeve (4-5-7) internal perisporium cross section is U-shaped, U-shaped bottom is the semicircle be rotatably assorted with wheel shaft (3-5-2), described wheel shaft puts block (4-5-2) in place in L-type, and the angle position of L-type is provided with the fillet matched with wheel shaft (3-5-2) diameter.
9. the automatic lamination upset shaped device according to any one of claim 6-8, it is characterized in that: described turnover connecting piece (3-6) comprises the upset Connection Block (3-6-1) that to fixedly mount with fixed frame (3-1) and be connected and is installed on the upset connecting axle (3-6-2) overturn on Connection Block (3-6-1), and described upset connecting axle (3-6-2) is parallel to each other with the axis of wheel shaft (3-5-2), described rollover stand (4-2) comprises rollover stand body (4-2-1), be fixed at rollover stand body (4-2-1) front end and the rollover stand overturning seat (4-2-2) be rotationally connected with jointed shaft (4-6), to be fixedly installed in outside rollover stand body (4-2-1) rear end and the rollover stand front fork plate (4-2-3) be connected with upset connecting axle (3-6-2), and be fixedly installed in rollover stand body (4-2-1) rear inside and with overturn drive one end of oil cylinder (4-3) to be rotationally connected rollover stand oil cylinder seat (4-2-4), described rollover stand front fork plate (4-2-3) is provided with the U-shaped buckling groove (4-2-5) be convenient to upset connecting axle (3-6-2) and passed in and out.
10. the automatic lamination upset shaped device according to any one of claim 6-8, is characterized in that: be also provided with turnover position limiting apparatus (4-7) bottom the rear end of described rollover stand (4-2).
CN201410284645.2A 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 Automatic lamination upset shaped device Active CN104070601B (en)

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CN104649027B (en) * 2015-01-09 2016-08-24 常州先进制造技术研究所 A kind of lightweight chain type promotes tipper
CN104723458A (en) * 2015-02-15 2015-06-24 山东汇星科技开发有限公司 Device for transferring plates and frames and control method thereof
CN104876161B (en) * 2015-05-21 2017-04-05 山东汇星科技开发有限公司 A kind of a kind of rhyme scheme in Chinese operas serving as the prelude to a complete score for voices flap device and its control method
CN105059950A (en) * 2015-08-06 2015-11-18 上海鼎凡电工机械股份有限公司 Cable reel conveying and loading device
CN105345654A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-02-24 安徽合力股份有限公司 Grinding and turnover mechanism used for forklift instrument stand
CN106346827B (en) * 2016-10-09 2018-02-02 安徽鲲鹏装备模具制造有限公司 A kind of lower die mechanism of forming machine
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CN102896689A (en) * 2011-07-27 2013-01-30 泉州市三联机械制造有限公司 Vertical-type automatic forming machine for lightweight thermal-insulating wallboards
CN203021034U (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-06-26 新疆西营海华新型建材有限公司 Automatic plate overturning-stacking machine
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