CN203316216U - Crusher of sugarcane leaves - Google Patents

Crusher of sugarcane leaves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203316216U
CN203316216U CN201320240956XU CN201320240956U CN203316216U CN 203316216 U CN203316216 U CN 203316216U CN 201320240956X U CN201320240956X U CN 201320240956XU CN 201320240956 U CN201320240956 U CN 201320240956U CN 203316216 U CN203316216 U CN 203316216U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
sugarcane
rotary
cutter
crusher
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201320240956XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丘栗帆
丘柳华
高文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LIUZHOU TIANMIMI RENEWABLE ENERGY Co Ltd
Xiangzhou Xinliu Regeneration Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
LIUZHOU TIANMIMI RENEWABLE ENERGY Co Ltd
Xiangzhou Xinliu Regeneration Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by LIUZHOU TIANMIMI RENEWABLE ENERGY Co Ltd, Xiangzhou Xinliu Regeneration Energy Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical LIUZHOU TIANMIMI RENEWABLE ENERGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201320240956XU priority Critical patent/CN203316216U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203316216U publication Critical patent/CN203316216U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a crusher of sugarcane leaves. The crusher of sugarcane leaves comprises a base, an electric motor and a transmission belt, wherein rotary crushing cutter heads are uniformly distributed on a rotary main shaft; holes are uniformly formed in the periphery of each rotary crushing cutter head, and a rotary cutter shaft can conveniently pass through the corresponding hole; two T-shaped rotary cutters are arranged in a gap which is formed by two rotary crushing cutter heads; flow choking strips are uniformly arranged on the upper surface of a screen. According to the crusher of sugarcane leaves disclosed by the utility model, the efficient T-shaped rotary cutters are used for directly crushing sugarcane leaves drawn into the gaps; meanwhile, the micro-resistance type circulation screen is designed for generating a local flow-choking and flow-detouring effect under the action of the flow choking strips, so that a problem that a conventional crusher cannot be used for continuously and efficiently crushing a large number of sugarcane leaves is solved. Besides, the crusher of sugarcane leaves has the advantages of simple structure, high crushing speed, good crushing quality and low energy consumption.

Description

The sugarcane top disintegrating machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of grinding and processing raw material equipment, particularly is applied to the broken process equipment of biomass granule fuel of sugarcane top or mulberry tree branch.
Background technology
Sugarcane top is a kind of reproducible biomass energy, shortage exhaustion along with fossil energy, adopt reproducible biomass energy sources for generating electricity to cause common concern in the industry, China is large agricultural country, and particularly very large of the annual production of southern sugarcane, act as a fuel with sugarcane top, with low cost, cleanliness without any pollution, the fuel value of sugarcane top is high simultaneously, is a kind of desirable biomass energy.Adopt living beings to be generated electricity the raw material fragmentation as the important procedure of its pre-treatment, the granularity after fragmentation is to the subsequent handling important.The breaker that following several types is arranged in prior art.
1. the contact area when bar shaped rotary cutter of rotation multi roll disintegrating machine (Granted publication number is CN202172619U, CN2894240Y) cuts material is little, rotary inertia during rotation is little, the moment strength that the bulk foreign matter in sugarcane top is infiltrated in fragmentation as the sugarcane head is little, do not reach once or few number of times just can complete fragmentation, and want repeated multiple times fragmentation just can complete, the cutting crushing efficiency is obviously low.
2. single roller or multiple roll hang the disintegrating machine (Granted publication number is CN20235415U, CN2643637Y, CN202095311U, CN2870437Y) of cutter type, outstanding cutter adopts the form of Household kitch knife, reaping hook, the cutting edge of deleting cutter or saw blade cutting edge, although the knife edge very sharp the operation starting stage can be very fast the broken task of raw material that completes, but while along with the increase of the initial bulk of raw material and extensive style filler, causing large block foreign material to introduce, very easily cause the damage of blade, cause the reduction of whole work efficiency.
3. vertical type straw crusher (Granted publication number is CN202206758U), adopt crumbling method from top to down, raw material is dropped into by the top charging aperture, after the blade fragmentation of vertical distribution, get rid of, although be provided with tooth plate at the crushing bin inwall, but on tooth plate, do not have flow blocking strip to make the broken material can be along the drive of rotary cutter and clog-freely could not be cut off in time with the circulation moving, the time lengthening be cut, stock-removing efficiency reduces; And vertical structure is when infiltrating like this chopping of the bulk foreign matter in sugarcane top in the face of the sugarcane head; though hammer leaf protection in top is arranged but its protection effect is limited, if the bulk foreign matter fails can have a strong impact on the broken efficiency of cutting and broken mass effect in the top fragmentation.
In sum, the existing crusher of existing market, crushing effect is limited is crushing energy transmission capacity deficiency, knife edge structure very easily weares and teares, and single-revolution rotates the problems such as crushing efficiency is not high, the fragmentation that it just is applicable to stalk and peanut shell etc., be not suitable for the pulverizing requirement of southern area sugarcane top as the biomass grain forming fuel feedstocks, therefore prepares a kind of equipment that meets the broken requirement of sugarcane top grain forming biomass fuel and be necessary.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides the sugarcane top disintegrating machine that a kind of speed simple in structure, broken is high, fragmentation quality is reliable and capacity usage ratio is high, solves current crusher and can't adapt to a large amount of sugarcane top continuous high-efficient Crushing Problems.
The technical solution of the utility model is: the sugarcane top disintegrating machine comprises pedestal, motor, driving belt, belt pulley, draught fan impeller, bearing spider, bearing, bearing connects rotary main shaft, the body periphery is by warehouse, screen cloth stiffener and screen cloth form, wherein the top of warehouse is crushing bin, bottom is collecting bin, charging aperture and discharging opening are respectively in upper right side and the lower left of warehouse, be evenly distributed with nine rotation crushing cutter heads on rotary main shaft, each rotation crushing cutter head periphery is provided with uniformly the hole that eight diameters are 20 millimeters and passes in order to revolve cutter shaft, in the space formed, two T-shaped rotary cutters are arranged between every two rotation crushing cutter heads, T-shaped rotary cutter is arranged on and revolves on cutter shaft by long spacer and two short spacers, be provided with uniformly flow blocking strip on screen cloth.T-shaped rotary cutter is that two block plate vertical weldings form, and its overall length is 200 ~ 220 millimeters, and width is 40 ~ 55 millimeters, and the monolithic steel plate thickness is 5 ~ 10 millimeters.Flow blocking strip is column type, and its diameter is 10 ~ 20 millimeters, and two flow blocking strips and pivot angle α are 15 ~ 30 degree.
The utility model sugarcane top disintegrating machine is transformed traditional disintegrating machine, use efficient T-shaped rotary cutter to carry out direct fragmentation to the sugarcane top be involved in, design micro-resistance type circular current mesh screen produces local resistance under with the flow blocking strip structure function and streams effect simultaneously, traditional band bar shaped rotary cutter with Same Efficieney, with traditional disintegrating machine of the circular current mesh screen of reducing-flow structure, do not compare, the utility model sugarcane top disintegrating machine improve greatly sugarcane top crushing efficiency and and promoted crushing effect, energy consumption has also obtained reduction simultaneously.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model agent structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model cutaway view.
Wherein: the 1-pedestal; The 2-discharging opening; The 3-warehouse; 4-screen cloth stiffener; The 5-screen cloth; The 6-flow blocking strip; 7-T type rotary cutter; The 8-charging aperture; The 9-driving belt; The 10-motor; The 11-collecting bin; The 12-bearing; 13-rotates crushing cutter head; The 14-crushing bin; The 15-rotary main shaft; The 16-draught fan impeller; The 17-bearing spider; The 18-belt pulley; 19-revolves cutter shaft; The short spacer of 20-; The long spacer of 21-.
The specific embodiment
Describe the specific embodiment of this sugarcane top disintegrating machine in detail below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof, but the specific embodiment of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the motor 10 be arranged on pedestal 1 is connected with belt pulley 18 by driving belt 9, belt pulley 18 is arranged on rotary main shaft 15, be evenly distributed with rotation crushing cutter head 13 on rotary main shaft 15 simultaneously, each rotation crushing cutter head 13 periphery is provided with uniformly the hole that eight diameters are 20 millimeters and passes in order to revolve cutter shaft 19, T-shaped rotary cutter 7 just is arranged on and revolves on cutter shaft 19, in the periphery of whole rotary head, be by warehouse 3, screen cloth stiffener 4 and screen cloth 5 form, screen cloth 5 be circular-arc and above also be provided with uniformly flow blocking strip 6, charging aperture 8 and discharging opening 2 are respectively in upper right side and the lower left of warehouse 3.
As shown in Figure 2, form revolute pair through draught fan impeller 16 and by bearing spider 17 and bearing 12 with pedestal 1 at rotary main shaft 15, the top of collecting bin 11 is crushing bin 14, nine rotation crushing cutter heads 13 in crushing bin 14 are evenly distributed in rotary main shaft 15, revolve cutter shaft 19 and install by eight the hole parallel rotating main shafts 15 on rotation crushing cutter head 13, in the space formed at every two rotation crushing cutter heads 13, all have two T-shaped rotary cutters 7 to be arranged on and to revolve on cutter shaft 19 by long spacer 21 and two short spacers 20.
The course of work of the present utility model is: when machine startup turns round, motor 10 drives the clockwise high speed rotating of belt pulley 18 by driving belt 9, the rotary main shaft 15 connected with belt pulley, while driven rotary crushing cutter head 13, T-shaped rotary cutter 7 and draught fan impeller 16 be High Rotation Speed together, T-shaped rotary cutter 7 will be with the attitude synchronous high-speed rotation at vertical rotation axis center under the effect of rotary centrifugal force, when the sugarcane top raw material is sent into crushing bin 14 from charging aperture 8, sugarcane top is cut off and pulverizes by the T-shaped cutter 7 of walking around of High Rotation Speed, and the draught fan impeller 16 of High Rotation Speed forms negative pressuren zone at collecting bin 11 simultaneously, pulverized sugarcane top is inhaled in collecting bin 11 by screen cloth 5, then blown out discharging opening by discharging opening 2 by blower fan.
The utility model disintegrating machine is by installing efficient T-shaped rotary cutter and playing with the flow blocking strip structure practical application that micro-these two new technologies of resistance type circular current mesh screen of effect are streamed in local resistance, traditional band bar shaped rotary cutter with Same Efficieney, with the disintegrating machine of the circular current mesh screen of reducing-flow structure, do not compare, disintegrating machine of the present utility model solved traditional disintegrating machine to the crushing efficiency of sugarcane top the low and bad technical barrier of crushing effect, it is concrete that to improve effect as follows.
1. stock-removing efficiency has original 3 tons/hour to bring up to 5 tons/hour, and efficiency has improved 167%.
2. sugarcane top crushing material cutting effect is by original comminuting matter length 30 ~ 50mm, shorten 10 ~ 25mm, and the most suitable between the cutting material length 10 ~ 30mm of sugarcane top biomass grain forming fuel requirement, so the fragmentation quality effect is improved.
3. after Structure Improvement, motor delivery electric current is reduced to 60 ~ 70 by 110 amperes and get final product, and the energy consumption conversion ratio straight line rising of machinery equipment, can save energy consumption more than 30%.

Claims (3)

1. a sugarcane top disintegrating machine, comprise pedestal (1), motor (10), driving belt (9), belt pulley (18), draught fan impeller (16), bearing spider (17) and bearing (12), bearing (12) connects rotary main shaft (15), the body periphery is by warehouse (3), screen cloth stiffener (4) and screen cloth (5) form, wherein the top of warehouse (3) is crushing bin (14), bottom is collecting bin (11), charging aperture (8) and discharging opening (2) are respectively in upper right side and the lower left of warehouse (3), it is characterized in that: be evenly distributed with nine rotation crushing cutter heads (13) on described rotary main shaft (15), each rotation crushing cutter head (13) periphery is provided with uniformly the hole that eight diameters are 20 millimeters and passes in order to revolve cutter shaft (19), in the space formed, two T-shaped rotary cutters (7) are arranged between every two rotation crushing cutter heads, T-shaped rotary cutter is arranged on and revolves on cutter shaft (19) by long spacer (21) and two short spacers (20), be provided with uniformly flow blocking strip (6) on screen cloth (5).
2. sugarcane top disintegrating machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described T-shaped rotary cutter (7) is that two block plate vertical weldings form, and its overall length is 200 ~ 220 millimeters, and width is 40 ~ 55 millimeters, and the monolithic steel plate thickness is 5 ~ 10 millimeters.
3. sugarcane top disintegrating machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described flow blocking strip (6) is column type, and its diameter is 10 ~ 20 millimeters, two flow blocking strips and pivot angle α are 15 ~ 30 °.
CN201320240956XU 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Crusher of sugarcane leaves Expired - Fee Related CN203316216U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320240956XU CN203316216U (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Crusher of sugarcane leaves

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201320240956XU CN203316216U (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Crusher of sugarcane leaves

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203316216U true CN203316216U (en) 2013-12-04

Family

ID=49655616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201320240956XU Expired - Fee Related CN203316216U (en) 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Crusher of sugarcane leaves

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203316216U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103272671A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-09-04 象州鑫柳可再生能源科技有限公司 Sugarcane top crusher
CN105833959A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-08-10 广西大圆机械设备有限责任公司 Bagasse hammer mill

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103272671A (en) * 2013-05-07 2013-09-04 象州鑫柳可再生能源科技有限公司 Sugarcane top crusher
CN105833959A (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-08-10 广西大圆机械设备有限责任公司 Bagasse hammer mill

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20131204

Termination date: 20140507