CN203156578U - Automatic shot-blast unit - Google Patents

Automatic shot-blast unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203156578U
CN203156578U CN 201320084035 CN201320084035U CN203156578U CN 203156578 U CN203156578 U CN 203156578U CN 201320084035 CN201320084035 CN 201320084035 CN 201320084035 U CN201320084035 U CN 201320084035U CN 203156578 U CN203156578 U CN 203156578U
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China
Prior art keywords
shot
mobile platform
blast
axle
wheel abrator
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Active
Application number
CN 201320084035
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程秀全
夏琴香
张建荣
林列书
盛湘飞
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Guangzhou Civil Aviation College
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Guangzhou Civil Aviation College
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Priority to CN 201320084035 priority Critical patent/CN203156578U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic shot-blast unit which is used in the technical field of surface modification of metallic materials. The automatic shot-blast unit comprises a shot-blast chamber and a nozzle arranged in the shot-blast chamber, wherein a space rectangular coordinate system O-xyz of which xOy and xOz planes are respectively parallel to the bottom surface and side surface of the shot-blast chamber is established; an opening is formed in the side wall of the shot-blast chamber; a workpiece fixing rack capable of moving along an x axis, a y axis or a z axis is arranged by penetrating through the opening; and a mounting disc and a center shaft for driving the mounting disc to rotate are arranged on the workpiece fixing rack in the shot-blast chamber. When the automatic shot-blast unit works, a workpiece is placed on the mounting disc of the workpiece fixing rack, the nozzle is used for performing shot-blast on the workpiece, the position of the workpiece fixing rack in the space rectangular coordinate system O-xyz is adjusted, and the mounting disc is rotated at the same time to ensure that the workpiece can receive the collision of shots in a reasonable gesture, so that the aim of prolonging the fatigue life of the workpiece is achieved; and the automatic shot-blast of the workpiece is realized by moving the workpiece fixing rack in the shot-blast chamber, so that the shot-blast effect is improved.

Description

A kind of automatic shot-blast unit
Technical field
The utility model is used for the process for modifying surface field of metal material, particularly relates to a kind of shot-blast unit.
Background technology
Shot-peening mechanics has been widely used in the shaping of aviation wallboard curvature, the surface intensified technique of a large amount of military-civil parts, aspect the fatigue strength that improves member incomparable advantage is being arranged.Shot-peening adds man-hour, in order to obtain higher shot peening strength, wishes the pellet injection direction as far as possible and is subjected to the spray surface vertical.But because diversity and the structural complexity of actual part, in order to realize such requirement, in existing automatic shot-blast unit, all be in wheel abrator cabinet, to lay a manipulator, rely on the flexibility of manipulator, nozzle is adjusted to part sprayed the vertical substantially angle in surface.Manipulator is positioned at wheel abrator cabinet on the one hand, bears the bump of bullet unavoidably, therefore requires manipulator to work in rugged environment.On the other hand, because the price of manipulator is very expensive, so the price of existing automatic compressed air shotblasting machine is general all more than 1,000,000 yuan, this is that most of enterprises are difficult to bear.And the lower simple and easy compressed air shotblasting machine of general cost, adopt the manual mode of operation to control the nozzle direction, though have than higher flexibility, can realize direction control better, but can't realize automatic shot-peening, the stability that will inevitably cause thus processing generally only is applicable to and adopts quartz sand that piece surface is cleared up, and can not be used for the surface peening of part with repeated very poor.
The utility model content
In order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of automatic shot-blast unit, realizes the automation shot-peening of workpiece in wheel abrator cabinet.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: a kind of automatic shot-blast unit, comprise wheel abrator cabinet and be located at the interior nozzle of wheel abrator cabinet, set up the rectangular coordinate system in space O-xyz that xOy, xOz plane are parallel to bottom surface and the side of wheel abrator cabinet respectively, the sidewall of wheel abrator cabinet is provided with opening, pass opening and be provided with the workpiece holder that can move along x axle, y axle or z axle, workpiece holder is provided with the central shaft of mounting disc and the rotation of drive installation dish in wheel abrator cabinet.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, mounting disc and nozzle are all perpendicular to central shaft and be parallel to the xOy plane.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, workpiece holder comprises the framework that is located at the wheel abrator cabinet outside, be located at frame upper side and the z that can move along the z axle to mobile platform, be located at z to mobile platform upside and the x that can move along the x axle to mobile platform and be located at x to mobile platform upside and the feeding arm that can move along the y axle, the feeding arm passes opening and enters in the wheel abrator cabinet.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, feeding arm downside offers the axial groove along y, and the end of feeding arm outside wheel abrator cabinet is provided with spinning motor, is provided with synchronous band in groove inside between the output of spinning motor and central shaft.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, the y that x is provided with spiral-lock feeding arm to mobile platform is to guide rail, and the side of feeding arm is provided with and is parallel to y to the tooth bar of guide rail, and x is provided with first motor of output and tooth bar engagement to mobile platform.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, z to mobile platform be provided with spiral-lock x to the x of mobile platform to guide rail, x to the mobile platform upside be provided with the feed screw nut and with the x of feed screw nut engagement to screw mandrel, z is provided with to mobile platform and drives second motor that x rotates in the feed screw nut to screw mandrel.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, z is some along the axial guide pillar of z to being provided with between mobile platform and framework, z is provided with the z parallel with guide pillar to screw mandrel to the mobile platform downside, and framework is provided with the 3rd motor that rotates to screw mandrel around z to nut and the drive nut of screw mandrel engagement with z.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, be provided with some layers of bristle in the opening.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, bristle comprises the last bristle that is located at the opening upper edge and the following bristle that is located at the opening lower edge, and last bristle successively increases along y axle forward, and following bristle successively shortens along y axle forward.
Be further used as the improvement of technical solutions of the utility model, framework is fixedlyed connected with wheel abrator cabinet, and the gathering hole, the workpiece that also are provided with observation window, built-in rubber gloves on the wheel abrator cabinet pick and place mouth and bullet outlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model: when this automatic shot-blast unit is worked, workpiece is placed in the mounting disc of workpiece holder, by nozzle workpiece is carried out shot-peening, adjust the position of workpiece holder in rectangular coordinate system in space O-xyz, and rotate mounting disc simultaneously and make workpiece can accept the bump of bullet with rational attitude, reach and improve the workpiece purpose of fatigue life, this device has improved shot blasting effect by the automation shot-peening of workpiece holder realization workpiece mobile in wheel abrator cabinet.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the utility model embodiment overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment sprays planar part;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that the utility model embodiment sprays cylindrical part;
Fig. 4 is that the utility model embodiment is used for blocking the bristle of opening at the enlarged drawing of yOz horizontal layout shape.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1~Fig. 4, the utility model provides a kind of automatic shot-blast unit, comprise wheel abrator cabinet 1 and be located at nozzle 2 in the wheel abrator cabinet 1, set up the rectangular coordinate system in space O-xyz that xOy, xOz plane are parallel to bottom surface and the side of wheel abrator cabinet 1 respectively, the sidewall of wheel abrator cabinet 1 is provided with opening 11, pass opening 11 and be provided with the workpiece holder 3 that can move along x axle, y axle or z axle, workpiece holder 3 is provided with the central shaft of mounting disc 4 and 4 rotations of drive installation dish in wheel abrator cabinet 1.
When this automatic shot-blast unit is worked, workpiece is placed in the mounting disc 4 of workpiece holder 3, carry out shot-peening by 2 pairs of workpiece of nozzle, adjust the position of workpiece holder 3 in rectangular coordinate system in space O-xyz, and make workpiece can accept the bump of bullet with rational attitude by central shaft rotation mounting disc 4 simultaneously, reach and improve the workpiece purpose of fatigue life, this device has improved shot blasting effect by the automation shot-peening of workpiece holder mobile in wheel abrator cabinet 13 realization workpiece.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, mounting disc 4 and nozzle 2 are all perpendicular to central shaft and be parallel to the xOy plane.
The xOy plane is horizontal plane, and mounting disc 4 and nozzle 2 all are parallel to the xOy plane, and central shaft is located at the center of mounting disc 4, and perpendicular to the xOy plane, makes things convenient for the fixing and rotation of workpiece in wheel abrator cabinet 1.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, workpiece holder 3 comprises the framework 31 that is located at wheel abrator cabinet 1 outside, be located at framework 31 upsides and the z that can move along the z axle to mobile platform 32, be located at z to mobile platform 32 upsides and the x that can move along the x axle to mobile platform 33 and be located at x to mobile platform 33 upsides and the feeding arm 34 that can move along the y axle, feeding arm 34 passes opening 11 and enters in the wheel abrator cabinet 1.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, feeding arm 34 downsides offer the axial groove 341 along y, the end of feeding arm 34 outside wheel abrator cabinet 1 is provided with spinning motor 342, be provided with in groove 341 inside between the output of spinning motor 342 and central shaft and be with 343 synchronously, spinning motor 342 rotates by being with 343 drive central shafts synchronously, thereby realizes that mounting disc 4 drives the rotations of workpiece on feeding arm 34; X is provided with the y of spiral-lock feeding arm 34 to guide rail 35 to mobile platform 33, the side of feeding arm 34 is provided with and is parallel to y to the tooth bar 344 of guide rail 35, x is provided with first motor 331 of output and tooth bar 344 engagements to mobile platform 33, engagement by first motor, 331 outputs and tooth bar 344, the forward or reverse of first motor 331 control feeding arm 34 advances or retreats to guide rail 35 at y, thereby realizes that workpiece holder 3 is in the axial movement of y; Z to mobile platform 32 be provided with spiral-lock x to the x of mobile platform 33 to guide rail 36, x to mobile platform 33 upsides be provided with feed screw nut 332 and with the x of feed screw nut's 332 engagements to screw mandrel 333, z is provided with to mobile platform 32 and drives second motor 321 that x rotates in feed screw nut 332 to screw mandrel 333, by feed screw nut 332 and the engagement of x to screw mandrel 333, second motor, 321 forward or reverse control x advances or retreats to guide rail 36 at x to mobile platform 33, thereby realizes that workpiece holder 3 is in the axial movement of x; Z is provided with four along the axial guide pillar 37 of z to mobile platform 32 and 31 of frameworks, z is provided with the z parallel with guide pillar 37 to screw mandrel 322 to mobile platform 32 downsides, framework 31 is provided with the 3rd motor 312 that rotates to screw mandrel 322 around z to nut 311 and the drive nut 311 of screw mandrel 322 engagement with z, by nut 311 and the z engagement to screw mandrel 322, the 3rd motor 312 forward or reverse control z 37 risings or decline to mobile platform 32 along guide pillar, thus realize that workpiece holder 3 is in the axial movement of z.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, be provided with some layers of bristle in the opening 11.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, bristle comprises the last bristle 111 that is located at opening 11 upper edges and the following bristle 112 that is located at opening 11 lower edges, and last bristle 111 successively increases along y axle forward, and following bristle 112 successively shortens along y axle forward.
In the shot-peening process, for avoiding when feeding arm 34 moves, having the high speed bullet to penetrate from opening 11, some layers bristle different in size are all fixed in inboard upper edge and lower edge at the opening 11 of wheel abrator cabinet 1, launch outside the wheel abrator cabinet 1 from opening 11 in order to prevent bullet to block opening 11, when feeding arm 34 passes opening 11 and moves along three directions of x-axis, y-axis and z-axis, though some bristle can be open, also total some bristle can block opening fully.
As the utility model preferred embodiment, framework 31 is fixedlyed connected with wheel abrator cabinet 1, and the gathering hole, the workpiece that also are provided with observation window 13, built-in rubber gloves on the wheel abrator cabinet 1 pick and place mouth and bullet outlet 12.
When spraying planar part, to be surface mounted on the face parallel with yOz by spray, shot-peening adds and earlier moves feeding arm 34 along y axle forward man-hour workpiece is sprayed one, move a segment distance along z axle direction again, move parallel next bar that sprays along y axle negative sense again, and keep can be overlapping between each bar, and the rest may be inferred finishes the shot peening strengthening on whole plane to be painted.
Adjusting nozzle when needs, can realize to mobile platform 33 by mobile x when keeping jet length constant again to being sprayed that there is the axial step of x on surface distance or surface to be painted.
When spraying face of cylinder part, to be installed in the center of mounting disc 4 by the axis of spray part, driving mounting disc 4 by spinning motor 342 rotates, simultaneously along the slow mobile mounting disc 4 of z axle forward, carrying out helical form along surface of the work sprays, and can be overlapping between keeping respectively enclosing, up to the shot peening strengthening of finishing the whole face of cylinder to be painted.
Above-mentioned action can be finished automatically by programming, in implementation process of the present utility model, emphasis be to guarantee bullet injection direction as far as possible and be subjected to the spray surface vertical, with the bigger shot peening strength of acquisition.
Certainly, the invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art also can make equivalent variations or replacement under the prerequisite of the utility model spirit, the modification that these are equal to or replacement all are included in the application's claim institute restricted portion.

Claims (10)

1. automatic shot-blast unit, it is characterized in that: comprise wheel abrator cabinet (1) and be located at the interior nozzle (2) of described wheel abrator cabinet (1), set up the rectangular coordinate system in space O-xyz that xOy, xOz plane are parallel to bottom surface and the side of described wheel abrator cabinet (1) respectively, the sidewall of described wheel abrator cabinet (1) is provided with opening (11), pass described opening (11) and be provided with the workpiece holder (3) that can move along x axle, y axle or z axle, described workpiece holder (3) is provided with mounting disc (4) and drives the central shaft of described mounting disc (4) rotation in wheel abrator cabinet (1).
2. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described mounting disc (4) and nozzle (2) are all perpendicular to central shaft and be parallel to the xOy plane.
3. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described workpiece holder (3) comprises the framework (31) that is located at described wheel abrator cabinet (1) outside, be located at described framework (31) upside and the z that can move along the z axle to mobile platform (32), be located at described z to mobile platform (32) upside and the x that can move along the x axle to mobile platform (33) and be located at described x to mobile platform (33) upside and the feeding arm (34) that can move along the y axle, described feeding arm (34) passes opening (11) and enters in the wheel abrator cabinet (1).
4. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described feeding arm (34) downside offers along the axial groove of y (341), the end of described feeding arm (34) outside wheel abrator cabinet (1) is provided with spinning motor (342), is provided with synchronous band (343) in groove (341) inside between the output of described spinning motor (342) and central shaft.
5. according to claim 3 or 4 described a kind of automatic shot-blast units, it is characterized in that: described x is provided with the y of spiral-lock feeding arm (34) to guide rail (35) to mobile platform (33), the side of described feeding arm (34) is provided with and is parallel to y to the tooth bar (344) of guide rail (35), and described x is provided with first motor (331) of output and described tooth bar (344) engagement to mobile platform (33).
6. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described z to mobile platform (32) be provided with spiral-lock x to the x of mobile platform (33) to guide rail (36), described x to mobile platform (33) upside be provided with feed screw nut (332) and with the x of described feed screw nut (332) engagement to screw mandrel (333), described z is provided with to mobile platform (32) and drives second motor (321) that described x rotates in feed screw nut (332) to screw mandrel (333).
7. according to claim 3 or 6 described a kind of automatic shot-blast units, it is characterized in that: described z is some along the axial guide pillar of z (37) to being provided with between mobile platform (32) and framework (31), described z is provided with the z parallel with described guide pillar (37) to screw mandrel (322) to mobile platform (32) downside, and described framework (31) is provided with described z to the nut (311) of screw mandrel (322) engagement and drive the 3rd motor (312) that described nut (311) rotates to screw mandrel (322) around z.
8. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described opening is provided with some layers of bristle in (11).
9. a kind of automatic shot-blast unit according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described bristle comprises the last bristle (111) that is located at opening (11) upper edge and is located at the following bristle (112) of opening (11) lower edge, the described bristle (111) of going up successively increases along y axle forward, and following bristle (112) successively shortens along y axle forward.
10. according to any described a kind of automatic shot-blast unit in the claim 3,4,6,8,9, it is characterized in that: described framework (31) is fixedlyed connected with wheel abrator cabinet (1), is provided with also on the described wheel abrator cabinet (1) that observation window (13), the gathering hole of built-in rubber gloves, workpiece pick and place mouthful and bullet outlet (12).
CN 201320084035 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Automatic shot-blast unit Active CN203156578U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320084035 CN203156578U (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Automatic shot-blast unit

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320084035 CN203156578U (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Automatic shot-blast unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203156578U true CN203156578U (en) 2013-08-28

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103949986A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 山东汇丰铸造科技股份有限公司 Movable shot blasting device
CN104002246A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-08-27 江苏英达机械有限公司 Shot blasting machine
CN104647213A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-05-27 山东开泰抛丸机械有限公司 Box-type workpiece shot blasting cleaning device
CN105382703A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 苏州频发机电科技有限公司 Sand blasting mechanism of rolling wheel sand blasting machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103949986A (en) * 2014-04-21 2014-07-30 山东汇丰铸造科技股份有限公司 Movable shot blasting device
CN103949986B (en) * 2014-04-21 2016-02-17 山东汇丰铸造科技股份有限公司 Portable peener
CN104002246A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-08-27 江苏英达机械有限公司 Shot blasting machine
CN104647213A (en) * 2015-03-13 2015-05-27 山东开泰抛丸机械有限公司 Box-type workpiece shot blasting cleaning device
CN105382703A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-09 苏州频发机电科技有限公司 Sand blasting mechanism of rolling wheel sand blasting machine

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