CN203120592U - Stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed - Google Patents

Stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203120592U
CN203120592U CN 201220441087 CN201220441087U CN203120592U CN 203120592 U CN203120592 U CN 203120592U CN 201220441087 CN201220441087 CN 201220441087 CN 201220441087 U CN201220441087 U CN 201220441087U CN 203120592 U CN203120592 U CN 203120592U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rain
viticulture
cladding material
stepped
proof
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201220441087
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
成永三
王双喜
王旭
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Priority to CN 201220441087 priority Critical patent/CN203120592U/en
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Publication of CN203120592U publication Critical patent/CN203120592U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed. A base is buried into the ground, lower ends of stanchions are connected with the base, upper ends of the stanchions are connected with web members, top ends of stepped arch rods are connected, lower ends of the stepped arch rods are connected with the end portions of the web members to form overhanging eaves, two ends of each connecting rod are connected with the stepped arch rods to fix triangular supports to form a whole, upper ends and lower ends of film pressing lines are fixed on the connecting rods, clamping grooves are fixed on the stepped arch rods, covering materials are fixed in the clamping grooves through clamping springs, film rolling shafts are fixed with lower ends of the covering materials, and two ends of each film rolling shafts are provided with film rolling devices. An inner-stanchion creasing triangular support steeped structure is adopted in the stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed, covering area of the rain-proof shed is increased in the case of adoption of the same stanchions, the number of the stanchions is reduced, span can be adjusted, the height of a greenhouse is reduced, and good effects of ventilation, wind resistance, rain resistance and reduction of building materials are achieved. Wind drain mechanisms are arranged between a ridge top and steps, the whole of the covering area is broken up into parts on the premise that no rain is leaked, so that the stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed is safe and reliable, greatly simplifies structure, reduces manufacturing cost, has wind-proof and rain-proof performances, and can completely withstand the test of north winds and heavy rain. The stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed is suitable for whole covering and wind-proof and rain-proof cultivation of 4-6 rows of grapy plants.

Description

Staged one is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter
Technical field
The utility model relates to modern agriculture cultivating facility field, is specifically related to a kind of rainproof facility that is applicable to the cultivation of liane such as grape.
Background technology
No matter be fruit tree or vegetables, all be afraid of to drench with rain in some crucial vegetative period, especially in maturing stage of florescence and fruit, in case rain, will fallen flowers or be easy to infect various germs, thus various diseases appear, fruit also can and then be caught an illness very fast rotten, if it is too many to rain in the maturing stage as grape, Table Grape can significantly change its mouthfeel, and wine grape can make the quality of wine reduce significantly.Present common common booth, though can play rainproof effect, main what consider is the insulation cultivation of weather during than low condition but because design is gone up, its daylighting is poor, it is poor to ventilate, thereby can cause grape to lack conditions such as enough illumination, ventilation, cause yielding poorly, aberration, influence impression and quality, especially calm and bright day gas behind summer rain, the very fast rise of temperature, moisture but is difficult in time discharge in the awning, is easy to form hot and humid environment in the booth, and grape is easy to take place various diseases.Because the monsoon climate of China's uniqueness must be blown when rainy, and traditional rain-proof shelter is transformed into the form that can open and close fully immediately, it certainly will lack wind resistance, is easy to occur the situation that booth is thrown by wind and rain.
The cultivation feature of grape is that the tree body is lower, tree crown is less, line-spacing is narrower, the grape conduct is the plant of property results annually, harvest is relatively limited, must take all factors into consideration when solving rainproof, ventilation, daylighting and safety reduction facility cost, therefore, need design new grape rain-proof shelter targetedly.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of staged one to stride multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, and the length of rain-proof shelter is decided on the length of block area or cultivation row, and the span of rain-proof shelter is decided with line-spacing and the line number of crop.
The structure that staged one of the present utility model is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter is the interior pillar formula structural system of cornicing, by pedestal, pillar, web member, notch cuttype arch bar, connecting rod, film-pressing line, draw-in groove, film-coiling device, film rolling axis, cladding material, crestal culmination let out wind mechanism, the waist ladder is let out wind mechanism etc. and is constituted.Described pedestal is embedded in underground, mainly bear the pressure of top canopy body, uplift force during strong wind and shearing stress, the pillar lower end connects pedestal, the upper end connects web member, support whole rain-proof shelter gravity, the length of web member determines the span of rain-proof shelter, notch cuttype arch bar top links to each other, and lower end and web ends are connected to form cornices, and constitutes stable tripod stress system, support cladding material and rainproof area coverage is broken the whole up into parts, the two ends of connecting rod connect the notch cuttype arch bar, fix each tripod and become as a whole, make whole canopy body structure stable, pedestal is xoncrete structure, pillar, web member, notch cuttype arch bar and connecting rod are that metal material is made; Draw together at 1.0 meters-1.5 meters at the every interval of film-pressing line, and two ends are fixed on the connecting rod up and down, and cladding material is pressed on the skeleton, prevents that cladding material fluctuates up and down under wind action and damages, and the degree of tightness of film-pressing line is wanted suitably, so that the volume of cladding material is put motion; Draw-in groove is fixed on the notch cuttype arch bar, with jump ring cladding material is fixed among the draw-in groove, and the lower end of film rolling axis and cladding material is fixed, and the two ends of film rolling axis are provided with film-coiling device, and is electronic or manually control the cladding material volume and put; Be provided with crestal culmination at the crestal culmination of rain-proof shelter and let out wind mechanism, the coverage rate in the crestal culmination both sides is provided with the waist ladder and lets out wind mechanism.
Described crestal culmination is let out wind mechanism and is referred in the both sides of crestal culmination notch cuttype arch bar with the draw-in groove fixing cladding material of both sides separately, and it is overlapping at crestal culmination to reserve the cladding material of certain width, constitutes the rainproof wind mechanism of letting out of labyrinth type.Rely on canopy inner and outer air pressure difference to realize the automatic exchange of air, when needs were let out wind, the automatic jack-up plastic foil of air carried out exhaust in the canopy; When inside and outside air pressure balance, plastic foil hangs down and recovers overlapping original state with rainproof owing to the gravity effect.
Described waist ladder is let out wind mechanism and is referred to connecting into the trapezoidal air port of letting out with vertical relatively homogeneity section bar between the two-layer nonparallel notch cuttype arch bar up and down, it is different with the gradient of upper inclined surface to let out the air port lower bevel, all be provided with cladding material with rainproof, covering is not done at ladder facade place.Let out the wind-force that the different gradient of lower inclined plane on the air port can change under the different parts cladding material and be used to properties of flow, particularly at the rainy weather that is attended by strong wind again, this structure can produce maximum at waist and let out air quantity, can be uniform with reduce cladding material pressure reduction up and down, reduce strong wind to awning structural damage power, thereby played the windproof purpose, the significantly simplified structure moulding of this structure reduces construction material.
The pillar formula structure of cornicing can cover bigger area in described under the situation of same struts, make span in certain limit with different cultivation line-spacing variable adjustable.
Described cladding material can adopt plastic foil, waterproof cloth or nonwoven according to different demands.
The pillar formula structure of cornicing in of the present utility model also can adopt circle or other arc or domes, and ladder can be two-stage, also can adopt multistage hierarchic structure.
The beneficial effect that the utility model brings
(1) the utility model has adopted the interior pillar formula triangle upper frame hierarchic structure of cornicing, and under the situation of same struts, increases the area coverage of awning, reduced pillar, span is adjustable, has reduced the height in greenhouse, has the effect of better ventilation, wind resistance, anti-rain and minimizing construction material.
(2) be provided with simultaneously at crestal culmination and waist ladder place and let out wind mechanism, under the raintight prerequisite area coverage is broken the whole up into parts guaranteeing, not only safe and reliable, and simplified structure significantly, reduce cost, windproof anti-rain ability is strong, is able to take the test of northern strong wind, heavy rain fully.
(3) be provided with electronic or manual cladding material reel releasing mechanism at the top, be conducive to rainproof, daylighting and ventilation.Put down cladding material when rainy with rainproof, roll cladding material during no rain, do not influence daylighting fully, do not influence the natural growthing condition of grape, can improve the cultivated land utilization rate, be conducive to intensive, scale, high-quality grape production.
(4) the utility model is suitable for all standing of the capable grape of 4-6, also is suitable for planting the windproof and rain proof cultivating and growing of other vine crop and vegetables.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section of the utility model structure.
Fig. 3 lets out the wind mechanism schematic diagram for the utility model spine.
Fig. 4 lets out the wind mechanism schematic diagram for the utility model ladder.
Among the figure: 1, pedestal, 2, pillar, 3, web member, 4, the notch cuttype arch bar, 5, connecting rod, 6, film-pressing line, 7, draw-in groove, 8, film-coiling device, 9, film rolling axis.10, cladding material, 11, crestal culmination lets out wind mechanism, 12, ladder lets out wind mechanism, 13, the trapezoidal air port of letting out, 14, cornice.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the utility model by pedestal 1, pillar 2, web member 3, notch cuttype arch bar 4, connecting rod 5, film-pressing line 6, draw-in groove 7, film-coiling device 8, film rolling axis 9, cladding material 10, crestal culmination let out wind mechanism 11, ladder let out wind mechanism 12, trapezoidal let out air port 13 and cornice 14 etc. form.Pedestal 1 is embedded in underground, and pillar 2 lower ends connect pedestal 1, and the upper end connects web member 3, and notch cuttype arch bar 4 tops of two sides link to each other, and the end of lower end and web member 3 is connected to form cornices 14, and the two ends of connecting rod 5 connect notch cuttype arch bar 4.Every interval is drawn film-pressing line 6 one for 1.0 meters-1.5 meters, and film-pressing line is fixed on the connecting rod 5 at two ends about in the of 6, and draw-in groove 7 is fixed on the notch cuttype arch bar 4, with jump ring cladding material 10 is fixed among the draw-in groove.Film rolling axis 9 is fixed with the lower end of cladding material 10, and an end of film rolling axis 9 is provided with film-coiling device 8.
As shown in Figure 3, crestal culmination let out wind mechanism 11 be in the both sides of crestal culmination notch cuttype arch bar 4 with the draw-in groove 7 fixing cladding material 10 of both sides separately, and it is overlapping at crestal culmination to reserve the cladding material 10 of certain width, constitutes the rainproof wind mechanism of letting out of labyrinth type.
As shown in Figure 4, wanting the waist ladder to let out wind mechanism 12 is to connect into the trapezoidal air port 13 of letting out with vertical relatively homogeneity section bar between the two-layer nonparallel notch cuttype arch bar 4 up and down, it is different with the gradient of upper inclined surface to let out air port 13 lower bevel, all be provided with cladding material 10 with rainproof, covering is not done at ladder facade place, to realize letting out wind.

Claims (4)

1. a staged one is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, it is characterized in that it is the interior pillar formula structural system of cornicing that described staged one is striden the structure of multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, by pedestal (1), pillar (2), web member (3), notch cuttype arch bar (4), connecting rod (5), film-pressing line (6), draw-in groove (7), film-coiling device (8), film rolling axis (9), cladding material (10), crestal culmination lets out wind mechanism (11) and ladder is let out wind mechanism (12) formation, described pedestal (1) is embedded in underground, the lower end of pillar (2) connects pedestal (1), the upper end of pillar (2) connects web member (3), the top of notch cuttype arch bar (4) links to each other, the end of lower end and web member (3) is connected to form cornice (14), the two ends of connecting rod (5) connect notch cuttype arch bar (4), fix each tripod and become as a whole, film-pressing line (6) two ends up and down is fixed on the connecting rod (5), draw-in groove (7) is fixed on the notch cuttype arch bar (4), with jump ring cladding material (10) is fixed among the draw-in groove, film rolling axis (9) is fixed with the lower end of cladding material (10), the two ends of film rolling axis (9) are provided with film-coiling device (8), electronic or manually control cladding material (10) volume and put, be provided with crestal culmination at the crestal culmination of rain-proof shelter and let out wind mechanism (11), the coverage rate in the crestal culmination both sides is provided with ladder and lets out wind mechanism (12).
2. staged one according to claim 1 is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, it is characterized in that described crestal culmination let out wind mechanism (11) in the both sides of crestal culmination notch cuttype arch bar (4) with draw-in groove (7) the fixing cladding material of both sides (10) separately, and the cladding material (10) of reserving certain width is overlapping at crestal culmination, constitutes the rainproof wind mechanism of letting out of labyrinth type.
3. staged one according to claim 1 is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, it is characterized in that described ladder lets out wind mechanism (12) and up and down connecting into the trapezoidal air port (13) of letting out with vertical relatively homogeneity section bar between the two-layer nonparallel notch cuttype arch bar (4), it is different with the gradient of upper inclined surface to let out air port (13) lower bevel, all be provided with cladding material (10), covering is not done at ladder facade place.
4. staged one according to claim 1 is striden multirow viticulture rain-proof shelter, it is characterized in that described cladding material (10) adopts plastic foil, waterproof cloth or nonwoven.
CN 201220441087 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed Expired - Fee Related CN203120592U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN 201220441087 CN203120592U (en) 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220441087 CN203120592U (en) 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Stepped one-span-multi-row viticulture rain-proof shed

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221811A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 宿松县洲大现代农业发展有限公司 Rainstorm-proof grape trellis
CN105052635A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-18 张彦山 Dwarfing apple support with hail prevention function and building method thereof
CN106760711A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-31 贵州师范大学 The hayloft and its construction method of a kind of suitable karst

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104221811A (en) * 2014-09-17 2014-12-24 宿松县洲大现代农业发展有限公司 Rainstorm-proof grape trellis
CN105052635A (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-11-18 张彦山 Dwarfing apple support with hail prevention function and building method thereof
CN106760711A (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-05-31 贵州师范大学 The hayloft and its construction method of a kind of suitable karst
CN106760711B (en) * 2017-03-06 2022-07-26 贵州师范大学 Dry grass shed suitable for karst region and construction method thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130814

Termination date: 20140901

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