CN203027816U - Spherical greenhouse - Google Patents

Spherical greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203027816U
CN203027816U CN2012205857332U CN201220585733U CN203027816U CN 203027816 U CN203027816 U CN 203027816U CN 2012205857332 U CN2012205857332 U CN 2012205857332U CN 201220585733 U CN201220585733 U CN 201220585733U CN 203027816 U CN203027816 U CN 203027816U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
green house
spherical
spherical green
top window
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012205857332U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴国平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hangzhou Miaoyu Ecological Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hangzhou Miaoyu Ecological Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hangzhou Miaoyu Ecological Agriculture Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hangzhou Miaoyu Ecological Agriculture Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012205857332U priority Critical patent/CN203027816U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203027816U publication Critical patent/CN203027816U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Landscapes

  • Greenhouses (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a spherical greenhouse. The spherical greenhouse is characterized in that the outer contour of the framework of the greenhouse is hemispheric, a top window is formed in the top portion of the hemispheric greenhouse, and the top window is provided with a ventilation skylight and a mechanism controlling the ventilation skylight to be opened and closed in a matching mode. The spherical greenhouse is strong in wind resistant performance, pressure resistant performance and earthquake resistant performance, and good in heat insulation performance, enables organic circulating cultivation to be carried out conveniently, reduces investment and improves benefits. The whole greenhouse is composed of a plurality of triangular components, is strong in stability and integral tension performance, and can achieve the aim of completing optimum mechanical structure with identical materials. A sphere has the geometric characteristics of being big in space and small in surface area, and therefore surface radiation cooling in winter can be effectively reduced, construction materials are reduced, and the aim of reducing cost is achieved. Automatic ventilation can be achieved through the arrangement of an unpowered ventilator, and energy is not consumed.

Description

Spherical green house
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agriculture in greenhouse technical field is set, and is specifically related to a kind of spherical green house.
Background technology
The greenhouse is that the main basis of current agricultural facility cultivation constitutes; be that the climate regulation effect of utilizing the greenhouse is created best warm phosgene hot water for the growth of agro-ecology and can be waited environment; it is the important external shield system that realizes anti-season cultivation and protection cultivation; relative with extraneous natural environment isolated the growth and development environment of agro-ecology by the greenhouse; thereby reach windproof, rainproof, keep away worm, the environment conditioning effect such as heat, preserve moisture; realizing the agriculture production environment optimization, is the critical facility of current high-efficiency agriculture and high-quality cultivation.The comparatively common greenhouse of current agricultural production is broadly divided into three types: the one, and tunnel type southern greenhouse, simple in structure, be not suitable for woody tall and big cultivation of plants, long ventilation distance and easily cause occurring summer warm and humid vexed and its building yard of height and receive bigger restriction but its wind resistance crushing resistance is low, degree is short partially; The 2nd, the greenhouse by solar heat of northern ramp type has better heat insulating ability, is suitable for the northern area of wind cold in big and winter, has environment conditioning ability preferably and lower operating cost, is used in large area in northern vegetables producing region at present; The 3rd, a connection greenhouse, improve facility space in a mode that links, to reach heat insulating ability and environment conditioning convenience preferably, also has comparatively spacious farming space, field, it is the most complete greenhouse of comprehensive regulation function in the present greenhouse type, but unique shortcoming and deficiency are that construction cost and operating cost are too high, only are suitable for experiment demonstration base or cultivate high-grade economic crops required and build, and are difficult on producing large tracts of land and popularize and use.Other also has glass greenhouse, and design and the construction of agricultural protection facilities such as plant factor are the types that a kind of current stage only is suitable for scientific research and displaying, and is more difficult in the production popularization.
Above-mentioned three types greenhouse can be described as the classical mode in field, China greenhouse; all be with the climate regulation method of artificial regulatory as main means; all exist power consumption big, resist the weak shortcoming of natural calamity ability, add current facility cultivation kind day by day under the abundant situation; the crop of many tall and big plant just is difficult to move into booth and cultivates with protecting; if tree, commodity trees, bamboo shoot bamboo grove; medicinal material, perhaps endangered species etc.What is more important too relies on artificial factor regulation and control and the greenhouse of foundation, and the production power consumption is excessive, has increased production cost greatly.
The utility model content
At problems of the prior art, the utility model purpose is to provide a kind of spherical green house.
The utility model is realized by the following technical programs:
Described spherical green house, it is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack outline integral body is hemispherical, the top of described spherical green house offers top window, is equipped with the mechanism that ventilating skylight and control ventilating skylight are opened, closed on the described top window.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack is combined by some triangular mesh bodies.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts timber to make, and timber is joined together to form the triangular mesh body by connector.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts steel pipe to make, and different steel pipes is spirally connected to be set together and forms the triangular mesh body.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts pvc pipe to make, and the two ends of different pvc pipes cut into settings that be spirally connected after the wedge shape, formation triangular mesh body.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that described ventilating skylight is triangle.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that the mechanism that described control ventilating skylight is opened, closed is the automatic pull bar of expansion type that is equipped with on top window.
Described spherical green house is characterized in that the mechanism that described control ventilating skylight is opened, closed is the unpowered ventilation blower that is equipped with on top window.
The utility model is set to hemispherical by the outline of big-canopy framework, the wind resistance crushing resistance strengthens, integrally-built no pillar produces maximum anti seismic efficiency, improve greenhouse space, be conducive to accumulate more hot-air, thereby heat-insulating property is improved, saves the energy resource consumption of heating.Not only can be used for the vertical cultivation of vegetables, can also plant tall and big commodity trees, spacious space is more suitable for the construction facility in ecological dining room or sight-seeing agriculture; Simultaneously can also carry out the vertical three-dimensional hierarchical design in the space, realize the organic circulation farming, reduce and drop into to increase the benefit.Greenhouse integral body is made up of some leg-of-mutton members, has powerful steadiness and whole tensile property, can realize the mechanics structure purpose that same material performance is best.Spheroid has the space maximum, and therefore the geometrical property of surface area minimum can effectively reduce the surface emissivity cooling in winter and reduce construction material, reaches the purpose that reduces cost; Arranging of unpowered ventilation blower can easily realize ventilation automatically and the source of not consuming energy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the spherical framework of glasshouse big shack structural representation of the utility model;
Structural representation when Fig. 2 opens for the utility model ventilating skylight;
Among the figure, 1-big-canopy framework, 2-top window, 3-ventilating skylight.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with Figure of description the utility model is described in further detail, and provides embodiment.
As shown in the figure, the spherical green house of the utility model, framework of glasshouse big shack 1 outline integral body is hemispherical, the top of hemispherical green house offers top window 2, is equipped with the automatic pull bar of expansion type or unpowered ventilation blower that leg-of-mutton ventilating skylight 3 and control ventilating skylight are opened, closed on the top window 2.Framework of glasshouse big shack 1 is combined by some triangular mesh bodies, can certainly adopt the grid of other shapes, for example can be quadrangle, pentagon, and so spherical booth inside does not need pillar can obtain firm, stable effect.Big-canopy framework 1 material can be selected timber, steel pipe, pvc pipe for use, the size that reaches spherical green house is as required selected different framework materials for use, select for use timber to connect into needed grid body with each timber of connector spare, connector is that the green house making is the parts that arrive commonly used, be routine techniques, no longer specifically describe its structure; When selecting steel pipe for use, different steel pipes need being spirally connected is set together forms the grid body; Select for use pvc pipe to need two ends with different pvc pipes cut into settings that be spirally connected after the wedge shape, formation triangular mesh body.
The spherical green house of the utility model, " thin shell effect " that can give full play to spheroid can reach maximized crushing resistance, adding that the triangle point of contact connects structure, allow each point be evenly distributed on the sphere, allow a point be connected to firm triangle again and make up, given full play to " triangle effect ", make construction of stable and sturdy, in addition, from the connection of spheroid cambered surface node, brought into play its " arch bridge effect " again.The stack of these three kinds of effects has constituted the maximum crushing resistance in greenhouse and maximum steadiness.Spheroid also has multi-faceted elasticity and maximum wind resistance, and the strong wind of any angle is all dissolved after running into spheroid, and the spheroid of this arch form is to rely on the strength of arch support to build simultaneously, interior no any support column, from and produced maximum shock resistance.
The ventilation of spheroid ecological greenhouse is ventilated for the solar energy passive type, can realize motorless stack effect, the design of spheroid can allow hot blast form the vortex that rises in ball, has the effect that air intake accelerates, can hot-air be risen rapidly because of underbalance effect and the vortex effect of hot-air in the ball, discharge from top window.5 directions around the spheroid green house are set up down air inlet, when cross-ventilation, in order to inspiration cold wind, and the open and close of ventilating opening, adopt the automatic pull bar of wax expansion type or memory spring, when temperature raise, the wax in the pull bar was filled bag and is met thermal expansion and back down ventilating skylight, then closed automatically when temperature descends to shrinking.The design of top window also can be used the thermal expansion push rod, to open ventilating skylight, and also available memory spring certainly.At present, also can select to utilize the unpowered ventilation blower of principle of negative pressure design, when temperature in the greenhouse and the outdoor temperature generation temperature difference, when perhaps outdoor wind speed is big, just can need not power and efflux at startup fan acceleration hot-air, the temperature difference is more big or wind speed is more big, then rotating speed is more fast, and mass rate of emission is also more fast.
Ball ball green house is to be combined by tangent plane triangular form one by one, no matter how light-struck drift angle changes, same orientation always has that some illumination and tangent plane are perpendicular to be injected, you can experience softer illuminance in ball, from certain angle, the spheroid ecological greenhouse is an energy harvester, can focus on more energy than conventional greenhouse.
According to the honeycomb strain theory, spherical green house has maximized surface tension, need not big gauge material and heavy steel pipe during construction, just can reach super-strength mechanical index, also is the prerequisite that realizes its maximum three big dominance structures in the strongest the lightest space.The tension force of ojosa can make tens of times of intensity even hundreds of times ground improve, thereby has realized light-duty effect.Because of its surface area little, and save the greenhouse construction material of same space greatly, only need original material requested 30-50%, and the but raising of several times of space availability ratio, for the nervous building materials high epoch of valency of current resource, it also is a kind of optimal design that a resource shrinkage drops into of saving, under situation of the same area, the cost of building spheroid ecological greenhouse and common shed greenhouse is suitable, but the height in its space is several times ground to be improved, and also is the most desirable facility of the tall and big plant of current cultivation and the design of cost-saving.

Claims (6)

1. spherical green house, it is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack outline integral body is hemispherical, the top of described spherical green house offers top window, be equipped with the mechanism that ventilating skylight and control ventilating skylight are opened, closed on the described top window, machine mechanism is opened, closed to described control ventilating skylight is the automatic pull bar of expansion type that is equipped with on top window.
2. spherical green house according to claim 1 is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack is combined by some triangular mesh bodies.
3. spherical green house according to claim 2 is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts timber to make, and timber is joined together to form the triangular mesh body by connector.
4. spherical green house according to claim 2 is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts steel pipe to make, and different steel pipes is spirally connected to be set together and forms the triangular mesh body.
5. spherical green house according to claim 2 is characterized in that described framework of glasshouse big shack adopts pvc pipe to make, and the two ends of different pvc pipes cut into settings that be spirally connected after the wedge shape, formation triangular mesh body.
6. spherical green house according to claim 1 is characterized in that described ventilating skylight is triangular in shape.
CN2012205857332U 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Spherical greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN203027816U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205857332U CN203027816U (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Spherical greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012205857332U CN203027816U (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Spherical greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203027816U true CN203027816U (en) 2013-07-03

Family

ID=48679971

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012205857332U Expired - Fee Related CN203027816U (en) 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Spherical greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203027816U (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103828642A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-06-04 张乐军 Hemispherical arch shed
CN106134849A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 珠海亚钛光电科技有限公司 A kind of optoelectronic integration greenhouse
CN109561659A (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-04-02 植物实验室株式会社 Environmental control room
CN110574691A (en) * 2019-10-18 2019-12-17 房乐 Self-ventilation livestock-raising greenhouse skylight
CN110810077A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-21 薛尧文 Farming big-arch shelter with automatically function of cooling down
CN116897733A (en) * 2023-05-30 2023-10-20 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 Spherical flower house of self-adaptation mediation

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103828642A (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-06-04 张乐军 Hemispherical arch shed
CN106134849A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-11-23 珠海亚钛光电科技有限公司 A kind of optoelectronic integration greenhouse
CN109561659A (en) * 2016-10-21 2019-04-02 植物实验室株式会社 Environmental control room
CN109561659B (en) * 2016-10-21 2022-05-31 植物实验室株式会社 Environmental control room
US12010962B2 (en) 2016-10-21 2024-06-18 Plants Laboratory, Inc. Environment controlled greenhouse
CN110574691A (en) * 2019-10-18 2019-12-17 房乐 Self-ventilation livestock-raising greenhouse skylight
CN110574691B (en) * 2019-10-18 2021-08-13 孙吉谦 Self-ventilation livestock-raising greenhouse skylight
CN110810077A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-21 薛尧文 Farming big-arch shelter with automatically function of cooling down
CN116897733A (en) * 2023-05-30 2023-10-20 上海园林绿化建设有限公司 Spherical flower house of self-adaptation mediation

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203027816U (en) Spherical greenhouse
CN102696428B (en) Simulated original ecological dendrobium-candidum cultivation greenhouse
CN201733671U (en) Spherical greenhouse
CN202435891U (en) Novel sun-shading and cooling functional separated greenhouse cluster
CN205611388U (en) Multi -functional photovoltaic energy -conservation in plane greenhouse of surviving winter
CN202857424U (en) Greenhouse sunshade net for planting officinal dendrobium stems
CN102318521A (en) Giant pillar-free sightseeing greenhouse
CN211267876U (en) Multi-functional ecological planting building
CN103947480A (en) Assembled double-roof energy-saving daylight greenhouse
CN203872678U (en) Novel edible mushroom cultivating greenhouse
CN207400011U (en) A kind of environment-friendly type vegetable cultivation Ecological Greenhouse
CN103250598B (en) Solar heat storage greenhouse and building method thereof
CN202285694U (en) Round greenhouse with external insulating and sun-shielding slide cover
CN202218541U (en) A giant strut-less sightseeing greenhouse
Montero et al. Advances in greenhouse design
CN206389964U (en) A kind of plant's greenhouse
CN203896893U (en) Ecological greenhouse
CN213153144U (en) Photovoltaic greenhouse
CN202310732U (en) Sphere-in-sphere greenhouse
CN209710889U (en) A kind of brooder
CN203313773U (en) Solar energy heat storage greenhouse
CN208850331U (en) A kind of mushroom anniversary efficient posture solid cultivation canopy
CN208934226U (en) A kind of ethylene project Steel Shell
CN206350371U (en) A kind of sun-cloudiness shed greenhouse
CN206658654U (en) A kind of hemispherical greenhouse

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130703

Termination date: 20151108

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model