CN202958271U - Multifunctional plant wall for cleaning indoor pollution - Google Patents

Multifunctional plant wall for cleaning indoor pollution Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202958271U
CN202958271U CN 201220573265 CN201220573265U CN202958271U CN 202958271 U CN202958271 U CN 202958271U CN 201220573265 CN201220573265 CN 201220573265 CN 201220573265 U CN201220573265 U CN 201220573265U CN 202958271 U CN202958271 U CN 202958271U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
plant
filtrate
filter
tank
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220573265
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋中南
王珂
张涛
吴文伶
张起维
李艳稳
霍亮
王宝华
戢文占
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China State Construction Engineering Corp Ltd
China Construction Baili Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China State Construction Engineering Corp Ltd
China Construction Baili Engineering Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220573265 priority Critical patent/CN202958271U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202958271U publication Critical patent/CN202958271U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional plant wall for cleaning indoor pollution, which comprises a plant module mounted on a solid support frame, wherein a circulation filtration water supply system, a humidification system, a ventilation system and a light supplementing system are mounted on the solid support frame; the circulation filtration water supply system comprises a water tank, a water pump, a water supply pipeline, drip irrigation pipes, a filter and a water level controller; the water pump and the filter are transversely arranged in the water tank; a water inlet of the water pump is connected with the filter by a water pipe; a water outlet of the water pump is connected with the water supply pipeline; the water supply pipeline is in upward connection with the drip irrigation pipes horizontally arranged at the top of the plant module; the water level controller is arranged at the upper part of the water tank; the humidification system consists of an atomizer arranged in the water tank; the ventilation system consists of fans that are vertically distributed on one side of the solid support fame; air outlets of the fans face towards the plant module; and the light supplementing system consists of light supplementing lamps and a power supply rail. The multifunctional plant wall can purify indoor air, adjust humidity, and beautify a wall surface, and can be widely applied to buildings such as malls, hotels, movie theaters, exhibition halls and residences.

Description

Scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room
Technical field
The utility model relates to vertical planting and indoor air pollutants is administered field, particularly a kind of plant walls for indoor scrubbing.
Background technology
Plant walls can be beautified indoor environment, be purified air, beautifies metope, more and more has been applied at present usually be made of support, module for planting plant and irrigation system in all kinds of ecotectures decorations.
Publication number is that the patent documentation of CN101158183A discloses a kind of " house plant wall ", and its irrigation rig is simple water collector, and flowerpot is independently irrigated separately, and setup and manage is all inconvenient.
Notification number is that the patent documentation of CN201518609U discloses a kind of " green plant curtain wall ", and the tank of its irrigation system for arranging below bracing frame is covered with soil in tank, and planting is in the soil of tank.This system can unify to irrigate to whole plant walls, but because plant only is planted in tank, therefore is only suitable for plantation climbing class plant, and the application of plant walls is limited to.
Notification number is that the patent documentation of CN102550317A discloses a kind of " decorative plant wall ", it is the end to end tank of the differing heights some layers of place's layout on body of wall, cycle water from the most beneath tank pump to the top tank, then advances bottom tank by the last backflow of each layer tank by water pump.This irrigation system is applicable to whole metope and arranges all kinds plant, and the utilization of cycle water saved water resource greatly, has had a strong impact on attractive in appearance but at whole metope, tank is set in a large number.
Notification number is that the patent documentation of CN202340515U discloses " a kind of plant walls ", and its irrigation system comprises droping irrigating pipe, water dropper and drip arrow, and irrigation system is arranged at the installing rack back side.This irrigation system utilizes cycle water to irrigate all plants of whole metope, and the plant walls front can't see water pipe, and aesthetic is good, but this irrigation system does not arrange water purification installation, and prolonged application cycle water is prone to dirt, variable color, the peculiar smell phenomenon occurs.
Therefore, the design of plant walls not only needs to guarantee the normal growth of plant, also should realize more healthy functions by design, makes house plant wall better bring into play its attractive in appearance and effect that purify air.
The utility model content
The utility model provides scrubbing plant walls in a kind of multifunctional room, solve existing plant walls function singleness, the technical problem that aesthetic is bad, can't effectively remove airborne pernicious gas; Also solve the existing plant walls that adopts cycle water to irrigate, cycle water uses for a long time and the dirty technical problem that is difficult to clear up occurs.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is:
Scrubbing plant walls in this multifunctional room comprises the plant module that is arranged on the dimensional support framework, on described dimensional support framework, circulating filtration water system, humidifying system, ventilating system and light-supplementing system is installed also;
Described circulating filtration water system comprises tank, water pump, water supply line, drip irrigation pipe, filter and water level controller; Tank is located at the dimensional support base of frame, corresponding with the plant module of top, water pump and filter are horizontally placed in tank, the water inlet of water pump is connected with filter by water pipe, the delivery port of water pump is connected with water supply line, water supply line upwards is connected with the drip irrigation pipe that level is located at plant module top, is distributed with the drip irrigation mouth corresponding with the plant module on drip irrigation pipe, and water level controller is located at tank top;
Described humidifying system is made of the atomizer of being located at tank inside;
Described ventilating system is made of the fan that vertically is arranged in dimensional support framework one side, and the air outlet of fan is towards the plant module;
Described light-supplementing system is made of light compensating lamp and power supply rail, and light compensating lamp props up is located at the dimensional support frame roof, and the power line of light compensating lamp is connected with automatic controller, and power line is located at power supply rail inside.
On described dimensional support framework, automatic controller is installed also, water pump, atomizer and fan are connected power circuit and all are connected with automatic controller, and it is inner that power circuit all is placed in the waterproof separate row tape that is fixed on the dimensional support framework.
Described dimensional support base of frame is equipped with wheel.
Arranged sequentially or assembly unit forms described plant module whole by the plant modular unit; The plant modular unit is made of flowerpot, planting bag or the planting carpet that kind is implanted with plant; Plant is harmful for outwards not disseminating, toxic gas or poisonous pollen, and is the house plant that can make oxygen or absorption deleterious particle, remove pernicious gas through experiment sieving.
Described light compensating lamp is height and angle adjustable supplementary lighting lamp.
Described filter is made of shell and inner filtrate, and shell is screen pack towards an end of tank, and other end sealing also is connected with the water inlet of water pump by water pipe.
Described filtrate is filled by filter cotton, haydite, ceramic ring, anthracite, quartz sand or active carbon layering and is consisted of.
Described filtrate is divided into level Four, and first order filtrate is biological ceramic particle or ceramic ring, and second level filtrate is anthracite, and third level filtrate is quartz sand, and fourth stage filtrate is granular activated carbon, is separated by filter cotton between filtrates at different levels;
When the water turbidity in described tank is spent lower than 10, omit first order filtrate, but water odorless, tasteless and colourity are omitted fourth stage filtrate in range of receiving the time.
Described biological ceramic particle size grading is 3~6mm, K 80≤ 1.5, ceramic ring is commercially available hollow cylinder earthenware, long 10~18mm, diameter 10~18mm, wall thickness 2~4mm; Anthracitic particle diameter is 0.8~1.8mm, K 80≤ 2; The quartz sand particle size grating is 0.5~1.2mm, K 80≤ 2.
The cross section of described filter is circle or rectangle, the long 15~40cm of filter, the long 5~10cm of every one-level filtrate.
Characteristics of the present utility model and beneficial effect are as follows:
Dimensional support framework of the present utility model be for can carry the plant module, and the support body of each corollary system is installed.The plant module whole can be arranged or the assembly unit realization by several unit, is convenient to plant and installs and change.The Plants selection of plantation can be made oxygen or absorption deleterious particle, the house plant of removing pernicious gas, useful health.
In the tank of circulating filtration water system, filter is installed, can at utmost removes the organic matters such as suspended particulate substance in water and aquatic green alga.After water circulating pump starts, the interior sewage of tank enters filter interior by screen pack, successively flow through first order filtrate, second level filtrate, third level filtrate, fourth stage filtrate of sewage in filter, filtration sewage through filtrates at different levels is purified, then is transported to the drip irrigation pipe of plant walls through water pump.Sewage is when flowing through filter screen, and plant walls fallen leaves or large foreign material are blocked, and filter screen can also stop fish to enter filter when circulating water pool is breeded fish simultaneously.Haydite in first order filtrate and ceramic ring are the good carriers of microorganism, so first order filtrate in suspended particulate substance, can also have biodegradation to pollutant in trap water.Second level filtrate and third level filtrate are respectively medium particle diameter filtrate and fine filtering material, and sewage turbidity when flowing through this two-stage filtrate further reduces.Active carbon in fourth stage filtrate is adsorption layer, and active carbon has loose structure, can remove the colourity of sewage, the deodorizing taste removal.Tank keeps water level balance by altitude valve, and level sensor perhaps is installed, and carries out alarm or water pump auto-breaking during lower than a certain height when water level.
Humidifying system is by the switch time of automatic controller controlled circulation basin bottom atomizer, to indoor air-humidification.
The fan of ventilating system can promote near body of wall and indoor Air Flow, the air that is rich in oxygen and moisture is blowed to indoor.
The light compensating lamp of light-supplementing system can and can carry out angle adjustment according to required light filling scope adjustment height, can realize in the situation that the indoor light deficiency to the illumination of metope, make plant can normal growth, metope is more attractive in appearance.
According to " IAQ standard " GB/T18883-2002 relevant regulations, utilize pocket PM2.5 detector and content of formaldehyde detector to the arrangement of same floor similarity condition plant walls and do not settle the identical office of plant walls to carry out Detection of Air Quality, the detection position is away from wall and door and window mouth, select closed environment, gathering is highly 1.5m, multiple spot detects and averages, testing result such as following table:
Plant walls Content of formaldehyde (ppm) PM2.5(μg/m3) The time interval (min) Measuring height (m)
Settle 0.08 38 45 1.53
Do not settle 0.16 125 45 1.53
As seen from the above table, Indoor environment air pollutant concentration of the present utility model is installed obvious decline is arranged.Unit are can reach 70%~97% to the formaldehyde clearance of unit volume, and unit are can reach 50%~90% to the PM2.5 particle adsorption rate of unit volume.
The utility model can purify the air of a room, regulates humidity, beautify metope, can be widely used in the buildings such as market, hotel, cinema, show ground, dwelling house.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of circulating filtration water system, humidifying system, ventilating system side winding displacement.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of circulating filtration water system, humidifying system bottom winding displacement.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of light-supplementing system.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of filter.
Reference numeral: 1-dimensional support framework, 2-plant module, 3-tank, 4-water pump, 5-water supply line, 6-drip irrigation pipe, 7-filter, 7.1-first order filtrate, 7.2-second level filtrate, 7.3-third level filtrate, 7.4-fourth stage filtrate, 7.5-filter cotton, 7.6-shell, 7.7-screen pack, 8-water level controller, 9-atomizer, 10-fan, 11-light compensating lamp, 12-power supply rail, 13-automatic controller, 14-waterproof separate row tape.
Embodiment
Embodiment is referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, shown in Figure 3, scrubbing plant walls in this multifunctional room, comprise the plant module 2 that is arranged on dimensional support framework 1, circulating filtration water system, humidifying system, ventilating system, light-supplementing system and automatic controller 13 also are installed on described dimensional support framework 1.
Described circulating filtration water system comprises tank 3, water pump 4, water supply line 5, drip irrigation pipe 6, filter 7 and water level controller 8; Tank 3 is located at dimensional support framework 1 bottom, corresponding with the plant module 2 of top, water pump 4 and filter 7 are horizontally placed in tank 3, the water inlet of water pump 4 is connected with filter 7 by water pipe, the delivery port of water pump 4 is connected with water supply line 5, water supply line 5 upwards is connected with the drip irrigation pipe 6 that level is located at plant module 2 tops, is distributed with the drip irrigation mouth corresponding with plant module 2 on drip irrigation pipe 6, and water level controller 8 is located at tank 3 tops.
Described ventilating system is made of the fan 10 that vertically is arranged in dimensional support framework 1 one sides, and the air outlet of fan is towards plant module 2.The position of fan and number can be adjusted as the case may be, by artificial or its switch of controller plc.
Described humidifying system is made of the atomizer 9 of being located at tank 3 inside.
Described light-supplementing system is made of light compensating lamp 11 and power supply rail 12, and 11 of light compensating lamps are located at dimensional support framework 1 top, and the power line of light compensating lamp is connected with automatic controller 13, and power line is located at power supply rail 12 inside, controls the light compensating lamp switch by automatic controller.
The power circuit that described water pump 4, atomizer 9 are connected with fan all is connected with automatic controller 13 on dimensional support framework 1, and power circuit all is placed in waterproof separate row tape 14 inside that are fixed on dimensional support framework 1.
Arranged sequentially or assembly unit forms described plant module 2 integral body by the plant modular unit.The plant modular unit is made of flowerpot, planting bag or the planting carpet that kind is implanted with plant.Plant can be selected and outwards not disseminate harmful, toxic gas or poisonous pollen, and is the house plant that can make oxygen or absorption deleterious particle, remove pernicious gas through experiment sieving.
Shown in Figure 4, described light compensating lamp 11 is angle adjustable supplementary lighting lamp, and the upper-lower position of light compensating lamp is also adjustable.Power supply rail props up is located at dimensional support framework 1 top, and the power line of light compensating lamp is located at power supply rail 12 inside, and it is inner that the power line of drawing through power supply rail 12 is placed in waterproof separate row tape.
Shown in Figure 5, described filter 7 is made of shell 7.6 and inner filtrate, and shell is screen pack 7.7 towards an end of tank, and other end sealing also is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with water pump 4.The cross section of filter 7 is circle or rectangle, the long 15~40cm of filter, the long 5~10cm of every one-level filtrate.There is one deck decorative adhesive film on shell 7.6 surfaces of filter 7.
Filtrate can be divided into level Four, and first order filtrate 7.1 is biological ceramic particle or ceramic ring, and biological ceramic particle size grading is 3~6mm, K 80≤ 1.5, ceramic ring is commercially available hollow cylinder earthenware, long 10~18mm, diameter 10~18mm, wall thickness 2~4mm; Second level filtrate 7.2 is anthracite, and anthracitic particle diameter is 0.8~1.8mm, K 80≤ 2.Third level filtrate 7.3 is quartz sand, and the quartz sand particle size grating is 0.5~1.2mm, K 80≤ 2.Fourth stage filtrate 7.4 is granular activated carbon.Separated by filter cotton 7.5 between filtrates at different levels.When the water turbidity in tank 3 is spent lower than 10, omit first order filtrate 7.1, but water odorless, tasteless and colourity are omitted fourth stage filtrate 7.4 in range of receiving the time.

Claims (10)

1. scrubbing plant walls in a multifunctional room, comprise the plant module (2) that is arranged on dimensional support framework (1), it is characterized in that: on described dimensional support framework (1), circulating filtration water system, humidifying system, ventilating system and light-supplementing system are installed also;
Described circulating filtration water system comprises tank (3), water pump (4), water supply line (5), drip irrigation pipe (6), filter (7) and water level controller (8); Tank (3) is located at bottom dimensional support framework (1), corresponding with the plant module (2) of top, water pump (4) and filter (7) are horizontally placed in tank (3), the water inlet of water pump (4) is connected with filter (7) by water pipe, the delivery port of water pump (4) is connected with water supply line (5), water supply line (5) upwards is connected with the drip irrigation pipe (6) that level is located at plant module (2) top, be distributed with the drip irrigation mouth corresponding with plant module (2) on drip irrigation pipe (6), water level controller (8) is located at tank (3) top;
Described humidifying system consists of by being located at the inner atomizer (9) of tank (3);
Described ventilating system is made of the fan that vertically is arranged in dimensional support framework (1) one side (10), and the air outlet of fan is towards plant module (2);
Described light-supplementing system is made of light compensating lamp (11) and power supply rail (12), and light compensating lamp (11) is located at dimensional support framework (1) top, and the power line of light compensating lamp is connected with automatic controller (13), and power line is located at power supply rail (12) inside.
2. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: automatic controller (13) also is installed on described dimensional support framework (1), water pump (4), atomizer (9) are connected 10 with fan) power circuit all be connected with automatic controller (13), power circuit all is placed in waterproof separate row tape (14) inside that is fixed on dimensional support framework (1).
3. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 1, is characterized in that: wheel is installed bottom described dimensional support framework (1).
4. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described plant module (2) is whole, and arranged sequentially or assembly unit forms by the plant modular unit; The plant modular unit is made of flowerpot, planting bag or the planting carpet that kind is implanted with plant; Plant is harmful for outwards not disseminating, toxic gas or poisonous pollen, and is the house plant that can make oxygen or absorption deleterious particle, remove pernicious gas through experiment sieving.
5. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described light compensating lamp (11) is height and angle adjustable supplementary lighting lamp.
6. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described filter (7) is made of shell (7.6) and inner filtrate, shell is screen pack (7.7) towards an end of tank, and other end sealing also is connected by the water inlet of water pipe with water pump (4).
7. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described filtrate is filled by filter cotton, haydite, ceramic ring, anthracite, quartz sand or active carbon layering and is consisted of.
8. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described filtrate is divided into level Four, first order filtrate (7.1) is biological ceramic particle or ceramic ring, second level filtrate (7.2) is anthracite, third level filtrate (7.3) is quartz sand, fourth stage filtrate (7.4) is granular activated carbon, is separated by filter cotton (7.5) between filtrates at different levels;
When the water turbidity in described tank (3) is spent lower than 10, omit first order filtrate (7.1), but water odorless, tasteless and colourity are omitted fourth stage filtrate (7.4) in range of receiving the time.
9. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described biological ceramic particle size grading is 3~6mm, K 80≤ 1.5, ceramic ring is commercially available hollow cylinder earthenware, long 10~18mm, diameter 10~18mm, wall thickness 2~4mm; Anthracitic particle diameter is 0.8~1.8mm, K 80≤ 2; The quartz sand particle size grating is 0.5~1.2mm, K 80≤ 2.
10. scrubbing plant walls in multifunctional room according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the cross section of described filter (7) is circle or rectangle, the long 15~40cm of filter, the long 5~10cm of every one-level filtrate.
CN 201220573265 2012-11-02 2012-11-02 Multifunctional plant wall for cleaning indoor pollution Expired - Fee Related CN202958271U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102934588A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-20 中国建筑股份有限公司 Multifunctional indoor decontaminating plant wall
CN104030518A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-09-10 天下光捕(武汉)生态科技有限公司 Large-scale photon capture bioreactor for water purification and operating method thereof
USD822534S1 (en) 2017-04-05 2018-07-10 Jesse Jordan Croteau Terrarium
CN108353680A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-08-03 陈炳 Vegetative coverage constant temperature wall
WO2019018903A1 (en) * 2017-07-28 2019-01-31 Biophilia Australia Pty Ltd Movable ventilation system
US11006585B2 (en) 2017-04-05 2021-05-18 Grow Op, Llc Automated terrarium

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102934588A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-02-20 中国建筑股份有限公司 Multifunctional indoor decontaminating plant wall
CN102934588B (en) * 2012-11-02 2014-12-24 中国建筑股份有限公司 Multifunctional indoor decontaminating plant wall
CN104030518A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-09-10 天下光捕(武汉)生态科技有限公司 Large-scale photon capture bioreactor for water purification and operating method thereof
CN104030518B (en) * 2014-02-28 2016-03-02 天下光捕(武汉)生态科技有限公司 A kind of ultra-large light of Water warfare catches bio-reactor and operation method
USD822534S1 (en) 2017-04-05 2018-07-10 Jesse Jordan Croteau Terrarium
US11006585B2 (en) 2017-04-05 2021-05-18 Grow Op, Llc Automated terrarium
WO2019018903A1 (en) * 2017-07-28 2019-01-31 Biophilia Australia Pty Ltd Movable ventilation system
CN108353680A (en) * 2018-02-05 2018-08-03 陈炳 Vegetative coverage constant temperature wall

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Granted publication date: 20130605

Termination date: 20151102