CN202857416U - Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse - Google Patents

Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202857416U
CN202857416U CN201220441082XU CN201220441082U CN202857416U CN 202857416 U CN202857416 U CN 202857416U CN 201220441082X U CN201220441082X U CN 201220441082XU CN 201220441082 U CN201220441082 U CN 201220441082U CN 202857416 U CN202857416 U CN 202857416U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
double
thermal insulation
film
thermal screen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201220441082XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张晋波
王双喜
王旭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanxi Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Shanxi Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanxi Agricultural University filed Critical Shanxi Agricultural University
Priority to CN201220441082XU priority Critical patent/CN202857416U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202857416U publication Critical patent/CN202857416U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse which is composed of a parabola arched roof main body structure, double-layer covered plastic films on the top of the greenhouse and around the greenhouse and an inner thermal insulation system on the lower portion of a parabola arched roof. A light metal structure is adopted for a main body of the blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse. The greenhouse roof is a symmetrical parabola arc-shaped arch face, lower bars are bisected middle support flat bars, and the lower bars and balance oblique support bars with force corresponding to each other in a right-and-left mode of a abdomen part form a symmetrical simple support type grid structure, and the whole structure is concise in modeling, strong in resistance, easy to manufacture and low in construction cost. A double-layer thermal insulation structure is adopted on all the covering surfaces of the blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse, and a double-layer movable film structure is adopted around the greenhouse. A greenhouse roof plastic film and a thermal insulation screen are both provided with drive systems which are opened and closed in an automatic mode or in a manually-operated mode, and the greenhouse roof plastic film and the thermal insulation screen are both optimized to be in a small area. Therefore, the blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse is small in resistance for being opened and closed, safe and reliable in operation, convenient to operate, and capable of completely and timely opening and closing the greenhouse roof plastic film and the thermal insulation screen.

Description

Wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural cultivation facility field, relates in particular to the wind resistance snow light greenhouse that a kind of suitable cold district is cultivated precocious cherry.
Background technology
Cherry is the Yangtze river basin and Northern Area of Huaihe River maturation a kind of fruit the earliest, have the laudatory title in " really first of spring ", and its production cost is low, field work is simple, fruit colour is gorgeous, delicious good to eat, not only brings profit to the grower, favored by the consumer.Area under cultivation at northern area constantly enlarged in recent years, but, the cherry root system is generally superficial, wind loading rating is relatively poor, germination period, flowering stage and painted phase are very sensitive to temperature, and the strong wind in early spring in severe winter easily causes branch to drain, and bud is endured cold, strong wind dries up florescence end of the branch mucus easily, affects insect pollination etc.The possessor uses the method for common booth to carry out cherry wind resistance snow, ealy maturing culture to the greatest extent, but because common booth exists insulating power poor, wind resistance snow ability is poorer, ventilate poor, fruit tree daylighting is poor, the high-temperature steam effect also can make the rotten series of problems that waits of fruit rot behind the rain, can't satisfy cherry requirement good heat insulation in evening, high illumination on daytime, the large growth conditions that ventilates, so the economic well-being of workers and staff of cherry cultivation is undesirable.
Summary of the invention
The defective that exists for overcoming prior art, the utility model provide a kind of wind resistance snow light greenhouse that cold district is cultivated precocious cherry that is suitable for, and this facility good heat insulating, daylighting and ventilation condition are good, can satisfy the growth conditions of precocious cherry cultivation.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
Wind resistance of the present utility model snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse be by parabola arch top agent structure, its top is upper and booth around double-deck plastic covering film, the heat preservation system inside of bottom, parabola arch top etc. consist of.
Described parabola arch top agent structure comprises column (1), canopy wall cross-tie (2), parabolic arc simple truss (3), ceiling cross-tie (4), metal mainstay (5), door (6), tank (7), film-pressing line baffle plate (8), volume film machine expansion link (9), the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) and spool (11), parabolic arc simple truss (3) is supported by column (1) and metal mainstay (5), be provided with canopy wall cross-tie (2) between the column (1), be provided with ceiling cross-tie (4) between the parabolic arc simple truss (3), between striding, booth two is provided with tank (7), tank (7) top is provided with film-pressing line baffle plate (8), volume film machine expansion link (9) is symmetricly set on the both sides of booth, its lower end and canopy wall cross-tie (2) are hinged, and its top is connected 11 with the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) with spool) be connected.
Plastic foil (12) around the described booth forms double-decked insulation by the inside and outside two sides that double-layer plastic film covers metal mainstay (5), and the outside of plastic foil (12) is fixing with the film-pressing line (14) of earth anchor (13) by being connected to film-pressing line baffle plate (8).
The ceiling cross-tie (4) at the top of the plastic foil (15) at described booth top and booth parabola arch top is fixing, centered by the ceiling cross-tie (4) at parabola arch top, be divided into left and right sides two parts, the spool (11) of the another side of plastic foil (15) and volume film machine is fixing, and the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) drive spool (11) carry out fan shape moving plastic foil is covered or rolls.
Described heat preservation system inside comprises central post (16), heel post (17), girt (18), shade supporting wire (19), thermal screen (20), thermal screen fixed edge (21), thermal screen active edges (22), press curtain line (23), decelerator (24), driving shaft (25), reverse wheel (26) and wirerope (27), girt (18) is supported by central post (16) and heel post (17), shade supporting wire (19) is located same plane with girt (18), thermal screen (20) is located on girt (18) and the shade supporting wire (19), decelerator (24), driving shaft (25) is fixed on central post (16) upper end, reverse wheel (26) is fixed on the upper end of heel post (17), wirerope (27) tandem drive axles (25) and reverse wheel (26), thermal screen fixed edge (21) is fixing with girt (18), thermal screen active edges (22) is fixed on the corresponding points of wirerope (27), thermal screen (20) drives the side-to-side movement that wirerope (27) is realized horizontal plane by decelerator (24), thereby reaches the keying of thermal screen (20).
Generally speaking, when carrying out precocious cherry cultivation, the plastic foil (12) around the wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse of the present utility model is fixed, and the thermal screen (20) of the plastic foil at booth top (15) and bottom, parabola arch top then is dynamic.When cherry needs sunlight, pack up the thermal screen (20) of heat preservation system inside, sunlight just can see through top plastic film (15) and enter inside greenhouse, realizes the condition of high illumination; When need to be incubated night, open heat preservation system inside and spread out thermal screen (20), that just can reduce the heat greenhouse in scatters and disappears the cultivation demand that realization is incubated; When needs ventilate, plastic foil (15) and the thermal screen (20) at top are all opened; When weather is not cold, plastic foil (15) and the thermal screen (20) at top are all opened, the environment of approximate natural conditions is provided.When weather is warm, plastic foil (15), thermal screen (20) and the plastic foil all around (12) at top are all opened, the planting environment of complete natural conditions is provided.
The beneficial effect of wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse of the present utility model
(1) the utility model main body adopts the light metal structure, moulding is succinct, drag is strong, manufacturing is simple, construction cost is low.(2) the utility model ceiling is symmetrical parabolic arc arch face, lower beam is the middle set level bar that is divided into two, they and belly have formed symmetrical freely-supported shape grid structure to the dynamic balance oblique fulcrum bar about being, this structure namely is the drag framework of facility structure, is again simultaneously the part of the main cladding material support of Dual-layer heat-insulation system.This Mechanical Builds is succinct, and material saving, drag be strong, easily build, with low cost, strong adaptability, be particularly suitable for entering high yield period cherry cultivation production application.(3) the whole coverage rates of the utility model all adopt double-decked insulation, adopt double-deck movable membrane structure around the booth, the inner plastic film is arranged on the inboard of all quarter line pillarings, the outer layer plastic film then is arranged on the outside of all quarter line pillarings, and ectonexine is combined to form one, and to have air be sandwich heat insulation system; The double-layer heat insulation system of each one of booth can cooperatively interact, independent operating reaches best insulation, can open again precocious, the high-yield culturing of cherry of the abundant daylighting that realizes natural conditions, ventilation etc. fully, the setting of blooming that is conducive to precocious cherry, fruit goes on the market in advance, brings considerable economic benefit to the grower.(4) ceiling plastic foil of the present utility model and thermal screen are provided with automatic or manual and open and close transmission system, and ceiling plastic foil and thermal screen all are optimized for less area, therefore, the keying resistance is little, security of operation, reliable, handled easily can open and close ceiling plastic foil and thermal screen fully timely.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is surface structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is tank profile of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is heat preservation system inside partial cutaway schematic of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is heat preservation system inside front view of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is heat preservation system inside vertical view of the present utility model.
Among the figure: 1, column, 2, canopy wall cross-tie, 3, the parabolic arc simple truss, 4, the ceiling cross-tie, 5, metal mainstay, 6, door, 7, tank, 8, the film-pressing line baffle plate, 9, volume film machine expansion link, 10, the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator, 11, spool, 12, plastic foil around the booth, 13, earth anchor, 14, film-pressing line, 15, the plastic foil at booth top, 16, central post, 17, heel post, 18, girt, 19, shade supporting wire, 20, thermal screen, 21, the thermal screen fixed edge, 22, the thermal screen active edges, 23, press the curtain line, 24, decelerator, 25, driving shaft, 26, reverse wheel, 27, wirerope.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.
Shown in Fig. 1-5, wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse of the present utility model is by column 1, canopy wall cross-tie 2, parabolic arc simple truss 3, ceiling cross-tie 4, metal mainstay 5, door 6, tank 7, film-pressing line baffle plate 8, volume film machine expansion link 9, the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator 10, spool 11, plastic foil 12 around the booth, earth anchor 13, film-pressing line 14, the plastic foil 15 at booth top, central post 16, heel post 17, girt 18, shade supporting wire 19, thermal screen 20, thermal screen fixed edge 21, thermal screen active edges 22, press curtain line 23, decelerator 24, driving shaft 25, reverse wheel 26, wirerope 27 forms.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, parabolic arc simple truss 3 of the present utility model is supported by column 1 and metal mainstay 5, be provided with canopy wall cross-tie 2 between the column 1, be provided with ceiling cross-tie 4 between the parabolic arc simple truss 3, be provided with tank 7 between booth two is striden, tank 7 tops are provided with film-pressing line baffle plate 8, and volume film machine expansion link 9 is symmetricly set on the both sides of booth, its lower end and canopy wall cross-tie 2 are hinged, and its top and volume film motor and decelerator 10 are connected with spool and are connected.Plastic foil 12 around the booth forms double-decked insulation by the inside and outside two sides that double-layer plastic film covers metal mainstay 5, and the outside of plastic foil 12 is fixing with the film-pressing line 14 of earth anchor 13 by connecting film-pressing line baffle plate 8.The ceiling cross-tie 4 at the top of the plastic foil 15 at booth top and booth parabola arch top is fixing, centered by the ceiling cross-tie 4 at parabola arch top, be divided into left and right sides two parts, the another side of plastic foil 15 is fixing with the spool 11 of volume film machine, and volume film motor and decelerator 10 drive spools 11 carry out fan shape moving at the arc simple truss plastic foil is covered or rolls.
Shown in Fig. 3-5, girt 18 is supported by central post 16 and heel post 17 in the heat preservation system inside, shade supporting wire 19 and girt 18 place's same planes, thermal screen 20 is located on girt 18 and the shade supporting wire 19, decelerator 24, driving shaft 25 is fixed on central post 16 upper ends, reverse wheel 26 is fixed on the upper end of heel post 17, wirerope 27 tandem drive axles 25 and reverse wheel 26, thermal screen fixed edge 21 is fixing with girt 18, thermal screen active edges 22 is fixed on the corresponding points of wirerope 27, thermal screen 20 drives wirerope 27 horizontal side-to-side movements by decelerator 24, finishes the keying of thermal screen 20.
Plastic foil 12 around the wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse of the present utility model can be dynamic, and the thermal screen 20 of the plastic foil 15 at booth top and bottom, parabola arch top also is dynamic.When cherry needs sunlight, pack up the thermal screen 20 of heat preservation system inside, sunlight just can see through top plastic film 15 and enter inside greenhouse, realizes the condition of high illumination; When need to be incubated night, open heat preservation system inside and spread out thermal screen 20, that just can reduce the heat greenhouse in scatters and disappears the cultivation demand that realization is incubated; When needs ventilate, plastic foil 15 and the thermal screen 20 at top are all opened; When weather is not cold, the plastic foil 15 at top and thermal screen 20 and plastic foil all around 12 thereof are all opened, the environment of approximate natural conditions is provided, efficiently grow for cherry.

Claims (5)

1. wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that described wind resistance snow light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse by parabola arch top agent structure, it on and the double-deck plastic covering film around the booth, the parabola arch heat preservation system inside that pushes up the bottom consist of.
2. wind resistance according to claim 1 is avenged the light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that, described parabola arch top agent structure comprises column (1), canopy wall cross-tie (2), parabolic arc simple truss (3), ceiling cross-tie (4), metal mainstay (5), door (6), tank (7), film-pressing line baffle plate (8), volume film machine expansion link (9), the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) and spool (11), parabolic arc simple truss (3) is supported by column (1) and metal mainstay (5), be provided with canopy wall cross-tie (2) between the column (1), be provided with ceiling cross-tie (4) between the parabolic arc simple truss (3), between striding, booth two is provided with tank (7), tank (7) top is provided with film-pressing line baffle plate (8), volume film machine expansion link (9) is symmetricly set on the both sides of booth, its lower end and canopy wall cross-tie (2) are hinged, and its top is connected 11 with the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) with spool) be connected.
3. wind resistance according to claim 1 is avenged the light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that, the ceiling cross-tie (4) at the top of the plastic foil (15) at described booth top and booth parabola arch top is fixing, centered by the ceiling cross-tie (4) at parabola arch top, be divided into left and right sides two parts, the spool (11) of the another side of plastic foil (15) and volume film machine is fixing, and the dynamo-electric machine of volume film and decelerator (10) drive spool (11) carry out fan shape moving plastic foil is covered or rolls.
4. wind resistance according to claim 1 is avenged the light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that, plastic foil (12) around the described booth forms double-decked insulation by the inside and outside two sides that double-layer plastic film covers metal mainstay (5), and the outside of plastic foil (12) is fixing with the film-pressing line (14) of earth anchor (13) by connecting film-pressing line baffle plate (8).
5. wind resistance according to claim 1 is avenged the light weight double-layer heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that, described heat preservation system inside comprises central post (16), heel post (17), girt (18), shade supporting wire (19), thermal screen (20), thermal screen fixed edge (21), thermal screen active edges (22), press curtain line (23), decelerator (24), driving shaft (25), reverse wheel (26) and wirerope (27), girt (18) is supported by central post (16) and heel post (17), shade supporting wire (19) is located same plane with girt (18), thermal screen (20) is located on girt (18) and the shade supporting wire (19), decelerator (24), driving shaft (25) is fixed on central post (16) upper end, reverse wheel (26) is fixed on the upper end of heel post (17), wirerope (27) tandem drive axles (25) and reverse wheel (26), thermal screen fixed edge (21) is fixing with girt (18), thermal screen active edges (22) is fixed on the corresponding points of wirerope (27), thermal screen (20) drives the side-to-side movement that wirerope (27) is realized horizontal plane by decelerator (24), reaches the keying of thermal screen (20).
CN201220441082XU 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse Expired - Fee Related CN202857416U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220441082XU CN202857416U (en) 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201220441082XU CN202857416U (en) 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202857416U true CN202857416U (en) 2013-04-10

Family

ID=48024192

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201220441082XU Expired - Fee Related CN202857416U (en) 2012-09-01 2012-09-01 Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202857416U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103503727A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-01-15 王爱冬 Roller blind device for greenhouse
CN104255340A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-07 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Detachable pseudo ginseng cultivation greenhouse
CN104620904A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-20 通海锦海农业科技发展有限公司 Thin film greenhouse capable of automatically opening ceiling
CN107347504A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-17 内乡县中以高效农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of setting structure of framework of glasshouse big shack

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103503727A (en) * 2013-09-12 2014-01-15 王爱冬 Roller blind device for greenhouse
CN104255340A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-07 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Detachable pseudo ginseng cultivation greenhouse
CN104620904A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-20 通海锦海农业科技发展有限公司 Thin film greenhouse capable of automatically opening ceiling
CN107347504A (en) * 2017-07-12 2017-11-17 内乡县中以高效农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of setting structure of framework of glasshouse big shack
CN107347504B (en) * 2017-07-12 2020-04-14 内乡县中以高效农业科技开发有限公司 Greenhouse framework setting structure

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202857416U (en) Blizzard-resistant light double-layer thermal insulation greenhouse
CN103749210B (en) Ecological and energy-saving solar greenhouse of composite mud wall-canopy structure
CN203226076U (en) Novel gardening greenhouse
CN103141339B (en) Greenhouse with adjustable height and gradient
CN203860137U (en) High-low dark side and sunny side sunlight greenhouse
CN2733871Y (en) Rainproof, drought-proof, thermal insulation multifunctional lifting plastic film booth
CN102948346A (en) Solar photovoltaic greenhouse for cultivating fig
CN104620903B (en) Large span aeration type heliogreenhouse
CN102972234A (en) Solar photovoltaic greenhouse for mulberry planting
CN103190312A (en) Energy-efficient solar greenhouse in alpine region
CN203872678U (en) Novel edible mushroom cultivating greenhouse
CN105145177B (en) A kind of greenhouse and its environment conditioning method in conjunction with cave dwelling
CN204482525U (en) A kind of double-layer inflatable booth with sun-shading frame
CN202435891U (en) Novel sun-shading and cooling functional separated greenhouse cluster
CN102783385A (en) Water curtain system of solar greenhouse
CN104737853A (en) Asymmetry arch rail sunlight greenhouse system special for fruit trees and construction method of asymmetry arch rail sunlight greenhouse system
CN105875269A (en) Agricultural greenhouse
CN105918013A (en) Internal heat-insulation fully openable intelligent multi-span greenhouse
CN202722161U (en) Solar greenhouse water curtain system
CN102318520A (en) Multi-span energy-saving sunlight greenhouse
CN202197614U (en) Cooling and heating combined supply horticulture facility of new energy greenhouse combination garden
CN204907248U (en) Two net big -arch shelters of three membranes
CN204907337U (en) Special asymmetric rail sunlight greenhouse system of encircleing of fruit tree
CN204518756U (en) A kind of accumulation of heat heating type facilities vegetable matrix culture device
CN203181675U (en) Efficient and energy-saving solar greenhouse in alpine region

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130410

Termination date: 20150901