CN202838073U - Temperature and humidity automatic control system for greenhouse - Google Patents

Temperature and humidity automatic control system for greenhouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202838073U
CN202838073U CN2012204943627U CN201220494362U CN202838073U CN 202838073 U CN202838073 U CN 202838073U CN 2012204943627 U CN2012204943627 U CN 2012204943627U CN 201220494362 U CN201220494362 U CN 201220494362U CN 202838073 U CN202838073 U CN 202838073U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
shutter
controller
temperature
control
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012204943627U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘永良
Original Assignee
北京永丰创新农业科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2012204943627U priority Critical patent/CN202838073U/en
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Publication of CN202838073U publication Critical patent/CN202838073U/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a temperature and humidity automatic control system for a greenhouse, which comprises a general control box containing a roller shutter control instrument, a temperature and humidity automatic control instrument and a liquid crystal display, wherein the roller shutter control instrument is electrically connected with a roller shutter arranged outside the greenhouse so as to control the shutter winding and releasing of the roller shutter; the temperature and humidity automatic control instrument is electrically connected with a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor inside the greenhouse and a film rolling machine outside the greenhouse, and the temperature and humidity automatic control instrument controls the film winding and releasing of the film rolling machine according to the temperature measured by the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor so as to regulate the temperature and the humidity inside the greenhouse; and the liquid crystal display is used for displaying the temperature and the humidity inside the greenhouse, and the temperature and humidity automatic control instrument regulates the temperature and the humidity inside the greenhouse according to user operation information inputted by the liquid crystal display. The temperature and humidity automatic control system disclosed by the utility model can monitor in real time and automatically regulate the temperature and the humidity inside the greenhouse, thereby reducing the workload of growers greatly.

Description

The warmhouse booth humiture automatic control system
Technical field
The utility model relates to automaton, particularly a kind of humiture automatic control system for warmhouse booth.
Background technology
Along with popularizing of booth technology, the quantity of warmhouse booth constantly increases.The main Types of warmhouse booth has the medium and small shed of plastics, hot house, heliogreenhouse, heating of plastic greenhouse etc.Because plant growth is subjected to environment temperature and humidity effect larger, so booth needs to open frequently the air port or closes the air port to regulate temperature, the humidity in the booth in planting process.And existing warmhouse booth need to manually open or close the air port, and grower's labor capacity is increased greatly.The one layer of heat preservation curtain is also laid in the warmhouse booth outside simultaneously, and heat holding curtain generally also is artificial manual operation, the easy danger of hurting sb.'s feelings of wayward direction during owing to rolling and uncoiling.
Therefore have a kind of necessity that can alleviate grower's labor capacity, Real Time Monitoring and regulate the greenhouse curtain-rolling machine automatic control system of warmhouse booth humiture is provided.
The utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of humiture automatic control system that can alleviate grower's labor capacity, Real Time Monitoring and regulate the warmhouse booth humiture.
The purpose of this utility model mainly is achieved by following proposal: a kind of warmhouse booth humiture automatic control system, comprise the master control case that comprises shutter controller, humiture auto-controller and LCDs, wherein,
Described shutter controller is connected with the rolling screen electromechanical of greenhouse outer setting, is used for the roller shutter of control shutter and puts curtain;
Described humiture auto-controller respectively with the greenhouse in temperature sensor, humidity sensor and greenhouse outside volume film mechatronics, the volume film of the temperature control volume film machine that described humiture auto-controller records according to temperature sensor, humidity sensor with put film to regulate the temperature and humidity in the greenhouse;
Described LCDs is electrically connected with the humiture auto-controller, is used for showing the temperature and humidity in the greenhouse, and described humiture auto-controller is regulated the humiture in the greenhouse according to the user's operation information of LCDs input.
Top, described greenhouse is provided with light sensor, and described shutter controller is electrically connected with described light sensor and controls the roller shutter of shutter and put curtain according to the electric signal of light sensor transmission.
Described master control case also is provided with telepilot, and described telepilot and described shutter controller carry out radio communication.
Wherein, described shutter comprises shutter drive motor and curtain rolling pole, twines heat holding curtain on the described curtain rolling pole, and described shutter drive motor is electrically connected with described shutter controller.
Described volume film machine comprises volume film machine drive motor, film rolling rob, volume film rope, volume film pulley and sprocket wheel, described volume film machine drive motor is electrically connected with described humiture auto-controller, described film rolling rob links to each other with the driving shaft of described drive motor is coaxial, described volume film rope is wound on the film rolling rob, described volume film rope passes volume film pulley and is connected with insulation film, and described sprocket wheel is arranged at the end of described film rolling rob and is connected with described film rolling rob by chain.
Described film rolling rob is fixed on the greenhouse frame by the film rolling rob bracket spring.
The top in described greenhouse is evenly equipped with a plurality of signal generators, described signal generator is electrically connected with described humiture auto-controller, and described humiture auto-controller was regulated chamber humidity after described heat holding curtain volume triggered described signal generator to the top, greenhouse.
Wherein, adopt series system to connect between described each signal generator.
The top in described greenhouse is respectively equipped with a plurality of mutually battle array stops that are electrically connected with the shutter controller with the bottom, and described each adopts series system to connect between battle array stop mutually.
Be provided with manual control button on the described shutter controller, described manual control button comprises emergency stop push button, rolls button, puts down button and stop button, and above-mentioned hand push button is used for the curtain rolling pole motion of control shutter.
As seen from the above technical solution, the utility model only need be planted the pre-set crop in family required optimum temperature and humidity, and the master control case just can be controlled shutter and volume film machine automatically according to the temperature and humidity that the plantation family is set.Therefore the utlity model has can Real Time Monitoring and regulate the warmhouse booth humiture, greatly alleviates the advantage of grower's workload.
Description of drawings
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will do to introduce simply to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or the description of the Prior Art.Apparently, the accompanying drawing in below describing only is embodiment more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skills, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawing illustrated embodiments other embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof.
Fig. 1 shows structure principle chart of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 shows the mounting structure schematic diagram of shutter in the utility model;
Fig. 3 shows the mutually installation site schematic diagram of battle array stop with Fig. 4;
Fig. 5 shows the mounting structure schematic diagram of volume film machine in the utility model.
Embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, referring to the accompanying drawing embodiment that develops simultaneously, the utility model is further described.
Referring to Fig. 1, show the structure principle chart that the utility model medium temperature chamber booth is used the humiture automatic control system.As shown in Figure 1, the humiture automatic control system comprises master control case 1.Master control case 1 comprises shutter controller 2, humiture auto-controller 3 and LCDs 4.
Humiture auto-controller 3 is electrically connected with LCDs 4.Temperature sensor in humiture auto-controller 3 and the greenhouse and humidity sensor is electrically connected and temperature signal and moisture signal that temperature sensor 5 and humidity sensor 6 transmit are shown by LCDs 4, but simultaneously humiture auto-controller 3 also 4 inputs of receiving liquid crystal display screen user's operation information and according to described user's operation information the humiture in the greenhouse is regulated.In order to guarantee that crop is in optimum temperature range, in the greenhouse, can be provided with a plurality of temperature sensors 5, realize Multi-point temperature-controlled.
The volume film machine 7 of humiture auto-controller 3 equality of temperature outdoor is electrically connected, and the temperature and humidity regulation in 3 pairs of greenhouses of humiture auto-controller namely is to roll up the volume film of film machine 7 and put film by control to realize.
Shutter controller 2 is electrically connected with the shutter 8 of greenhouse outer setting.Be provided with manual control button 9(on shutter 8 controllers 2 not shown).Manual control button 9 comprises emergency stop push button 91, rolls button 92, puts down button 93 and stop button 94.
Wherein, emergency stop push button 91 is used for emergency condition, and when pressing emergency stop push button 91, shutter 8 all cuts off the power supply, and does not rerun.When restarting, need rotation to upspring;
When rolling button 92, heat holding curtain is rolled;
When putting down button 93, heat holding curtain puts down;
When pressing stop button 94, heat holding curtain stops at assigned address.
In the utility model, shutter 8 controllers 2 also can be arranged at the outside, greenhouse.The shutter 8 that also can connect a plurality of warmhouse booths carries out centralized control to the shutter 8 of a plurality of booths.
Master control case 1 also is provided with telepilot, and telepilot and shutter 8 controllers 2 carry out radio communication.Be provided with the control button on the telepilot, the control that the user can carry out roller shutter and put curtain shutter 8 by the control button of telepilot.
Fig. 2 shows the mounting structure schematic diagram of shutter 8.As shown in Figure 2, shutter 8 comprises shutter 8 drive motor 81, curtain rolling pole 82 and heat holding curtain 83, (because shutter drive motor 81 is to twine heat holding curtain 83 on inner structure, the curtain rolling pole 82, therefore shutter drive motor 81 and curtain rolling pole 82 do not draw in the drawings).Curtain rolling pole 82 and the driving shaft of shutter drive motor 81 be coaxial link to each other and curtain rolling pole 82 on twine heat holding curtain 83.The outer setting in greenhouse has column 84, and column 84 tops are provided with support bar 85.Support bar 85 is hinged with column 84, and the other end of support bar 85 is fixedly connected with shutter 8.Support bar 85 makes shutter 8 carry out roller shutter along the arc trajectory of greenhouse frame or puts curtain.When outdoor temperature reduces, roll and put down the temperature that keeps in the greenhouse by shutter 8 control heat holding curtains 83.
It is not shown that the top in greenhouse is evenly equipped with a plurality of signal generator 11(), wherein, adopt series system to connect between each signal generator and be electrically connected with humiture auto-controller 3.Can trigger signal generator during to the top, greenhouse when heat holding curtain 83 volumes, signal generator is sent to humiture auto-controller 3 with trigger pip.Humiture auto-controller 3 is regulated the humidity in the greenhouse after receiving trigger pip.If humiture auto-controller 3 does not receive trigger pip, illustrate that then heat holding curtain 83 is in closed condition, does not then regulate the humidity in the greenhouse.
The top in greenhouse also is respectively equipped with mutually battle array stop 12 with the bottom, and particularly, the top in greenhouse evenly arranges 4 mutually battle array stops 12, and the bottom, greenhouse arranges 2 mutually battle array stops 12.Each adopts series system to connect between battle array stop 12 mutually, and is electrically connected with shutter 8 controllers 2.When shutter 8 touches the phase battle array stop 12 at top, stop roller shutter, when shutter 8 touches the phase battle array stop 12 of bottom, greenhouse, stop to put curtain.Fig. 3 shows the mutually installation site schematic diagram of battle array stop with Fig. 4.
Fig. 5 shows the structural representation of volume film machine 7.As shown in Figure 5, volume film machine 7 comprises volume film machine 7 drive motor 71, film rolling rob 72, volume film rope 73, volume film pulley 74 and sprocket wheel 75.
Wherein, volume film machine 7 drive motor 71 are electrically connected with humiture auto-controller 3.Film rolling rob 72 and the driving shaft of drive motor be coaxial to link to each other and is fixed on the greenhouse frame 78 by film rolling rob 72 bracket springs.Volume film rope 73 is wound on the film rolling rob 72, and volume film rope 73 passes volume film pulley 74 and is connected with insulation film 77.Sprocket wheel 75 is arranged at the end of film rolling rob 72 and is connected with film rolling rob 72 by chain 76.
Further, the top, greenhouse also is provided with the light sensor that is connected with shutter 8 controllers 2.Light sensor is placed on the position that does not keep the sun off.Shutter 8 controllers 2 are controlled the roller shutter of shutter 8 and are put curtain according to the electric signal of light sensor transmission.When the direct light direct projection was arranged, light sensor sent the electric signal of opening, shutter 8 roller shutters to shutter 8 controllers 2; When not having the direct light direct projection, light sensor sends the electric signal of closing to shutter 8 controllers 2, and shutter 8 is put curtain, thereby realizes automatically rolling heat holding curtain 83, the purpose of heat holding curtain 83 under the automatic releasing when sun falls when the sun rises.
The below is described in detail the course of work of the humiture automatic control system that is used for warmhouse booth.
At first set required minimum temperature, maximum temperature, optimum humidity and the superelevation alarm temperature of plant growth in LCDs 4.The temperature threshold value signal that LCDs 4 is set is input to humiture auto-controller 3.Temperature sensor 5 and the humidity sensor 6 arranged in the greenhouse send to humiture auto-controller 3 with the temperature and humidity signal that detects.Temperature and humidity control instrument is controlled shutter 8 and volume film machine 7 accordingly according to the setting value contrast of the temperature and humidity signal that obtains and LCDs 4 inputs is rear:
When the temperature in the greenhouse was lower than minimum temperature, humiture auto-controller 3 control shutters 8 were put curtain, and the greenhouse is incubated; When the temperature in the greenhouse reaches the highest, humiture auto-controller 3 control shutters 8 roller shutters.When heat holding curtain 83 arrival assigned addresses, shutter 8 stops automatically, and heat holding curtain 83 can not licked.When the signal generator at top, greenhouse detects heat holding curtain 83 and reaches assigned address, humiture auto-controller 3 control volume film machines 7 volume films, the plastic sheeting for farm use air port is opened, make temperature and the temperature outside the greenhouse in the greenhouse carry out heat interchange, thereby reduce the temperature in the greenhouse.
When the temperature in the greenhouse during greater than the superelevation alarm temperature, the crop in the greenhouse can't grow, and 3 of humiture auto-controllers send alerting signal, and this moment need to be to mandatory cooling in the greenhouse.
When master control case 1 breaks down or has a power failure, during humiture auto-controller 3 control shutter 8, can drive by the sprocket wheel 75 on the shutter 8 chain 76 rotations film rolling rob 72 is rotated, thereby insulation film 77 is opened or closed, realize the manual adjustments of greenhouse humiture.
When planting the family not at the greenhouse annex, can control the roller shutter of shutter 8 and put curtain by the telepilot that master control case 1 arranges.When the shutter controller was arranged at the outside, greenhouse the shutter in a plurality of greenhouses is controlled, telepilot also can be realized a plurality of shutters that are arranged at outside, a plurality of greenhouse are controlled simultaneously.
The greenhouse intelligent control system also can rise with the dusk sun according to the sun in morning and fall the automatic control that shutter 8 is carried out roller shutter and puts curtain.When morning, the sun rose, the direct light direct projection is arranged, light sensor sends the electric signal of opening, shutter 8 roller shutters to shutter 8 controllers 2; When the dusk sun falls, there is not the direct light direct projection, light sensor sends the electric signal of closing to shutter 8 controllers 2, and shutter 8 is put curtain.
The above is preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not be used to limiting protection domain of the present utility model.All within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any modification of doing, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., all should be included within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a warmhouse booth humiture automatic control system is characterized in that, comprises the master control case that comprises shutter controller, humiture auto-controller and LCDs, wherein,
Described shutter controller is connected with the rolling screen electromechanical of greenhouse outer setting, is used for the roller shutter of control shutter and puts curtain;
Described humiture auto-controller respectively with the greenhouse in temperature sensor, humidity sensor and greenhouse outside volume film mechatronics, the volume film of the temperature control volume film machine that described humiture auto-controller records according to temperature sensor, humidity sensor with put film to regulate the temperature and humidity in the greenhouse;
Described LCDs is electrically connected with the humiture auto-controller, is used for showing the temperature and humidity in the greenhouse, and described humiture auto-controller is regulated the humiture in the greenhouse according to the user's operation information of LCDs input.
2. control system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, top, described greenhouse is provided with light sensor, and described shutter controller is electrically connected with described light sensor and controls the roller shutter of shutter and put curtain according to the electric signal of light sensor transmission.
3. control system as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described master control case also is provided with telepilot, and described telepilot and described shutter controller carry out radio communication.
4. such as the described control system of one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described shutter comprises shutter drive motor and curtain rolling pole, twines heat holding curtain on the described curtain rolling pole, and described shutter drive motor is electrically connected with described shutter controller.
5. such as the described control system of one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, described volume film machine comprises volume film machine drive motor, film rolling rob, volume film rope, volume film pulley and sprocket wheel, described volume film machine drive motor is electrically connected with described humiture auto-controller, described film rolling rob links to each other with the driving shaft of described drive motor is coaxial, described volume film rope is wound on the film rolling rob, described volume film rope passes volume film pulley and is connected with insulation film, and described sprocket wheel is arranged at the end of described film rolling rob and is connected with described film rolling rob by chain.
6. control system as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, described film rolling rob is fixed on the greenhouse frame by the film rolling rob bracket spring.
7. such as the described control system of one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, the top in described greenhouse is evenly equipped with a plurality of signal generators, described signal generator is electrically connected with described humiture auto-controller, and described humiture auto-controller was regulated chamber humidity after described heat holding curtain volume triggered described signal generator to the top, greenhouse.
8. control system as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, adopts series system to connect between described each signal generator.
9. such as the described control system of one of claims 1 to 3, it is characterized in that, the top in described greenhouse is respectively equipped with a plurality of mutually battle array stops that are electrically connected with the shutter controller with the bottom, and described each adopts series system to connect between battle array stop mutually.
10. control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with manual control button on the described shutter controller, described manual control button comprises emergency stop push button, rolls button, puts down button and stop button, and above-mentioned hand push button is used for the curtain rolling pole motion of control shutter.
CN2012204943627U 2012-09-25 2012-09-25 Temperature and humidity automatic control system for greenhouse CN202838073U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103353779A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-16 于海洪 Planting industry greenhouse control method and controller
CN104102253A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-15 江苏省农业科学院 Intelligent greenhouse environment monitoring system
CN104503516A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-08 廊坊市大华夏神农信息技术有限公司 Intelligent film-opening sunshade double-purpose machine and control method
CN104737731A (en) * 2013-12-26 2015-07-01 蔡忠良 Horseradish planting method
CN106105902A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 中国农业大学 The control system of a kind of roller of greenhouse and control method
CN106171665A (en) * 2016-08-02 2016-12-07 山东乐通达物联网科技有限公司 Curtain-rolling machine for greenhouse complex control system
WO2018032128A1 (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-02-22 张鸽 Plastic greenhouse film rolling device

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103353779A (en) * 2013-07-25 2013-10-16 于海洪 Planting industry greenhouse control method and controller
CN104737731A (en) * 2013-12-26 2015-07-01 蔡忠良 Horseradish planting method
CN104102253A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-15 江苏省农业科学院 Intelligent greenhouse environment monitoring system
CN104503516A (en) * 2015-01-15 2015-04-08 廊坊市大华夏神农信息技术有限公司 Intelligent film-opening sunshade double-purpose machine and control method
CN106105902A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-11-16 中国农业大学 The control system of a kind of roller of greenhouse and control method
CN106171665A (en) * 2016-08-02 2016-12-07 山东乐通达物联网科技有限公司 Curtain-rolling machine for greenhouse complex control system
WO2018032128A1 (en) * 2016-08-19 2018-02-22 张鸽 Plastic greenhouse film rolling device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
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Granted publication date: 20130327

Termination date: 20130925