CN202737059U - Treatment system for waste lead-acid batteries - Google Patents

Treatment system for waste lead-acid batteries Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202737059U
CN202737059U CN2012202092540U CN201220209254U CN202737059U CN 202737059 U CN202737059 U CN 202737059U CN 2012202092540 U CN2012202092540 U CN 2012202092540U CN 201220209254 U CN201220209254 U CN 201220209254U CN 202737059 U CN202737059 U CN 202737059U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sorting
waste
shell
acid accumulator
treatment system
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012202092540U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡小芳
张铭发
胡奔流
邓雅清
丁慧
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China Nerin Engineering Co Ltd
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China Nerin Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012202092540U priority Critical patent/CN202737059U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

The utility model discloses a treatment system for waste lead-acid batteries, which comprises a crushing device for crushing waste lead-acid batteries, a hydraulic sorting device whish is arranged at the downstream position of the crushing device and is used for sorting battery scraps discharged by the crushing device to separate lead grids and obtain a plastic housing, lead paste and waste acid pickle, a conveying device whish is arranged between the crushing device and the hydraulic sorting device, a bridge crossing sorting device which is arranged at the downstream position of the hydraulic sorting device to separate the plastic housing from the lead paste, a lead paste separating device arranged at the downstream position of the bridge crossing sorting device, and a plastic housing separating device arranged at the downstream position of the bridge crossing sorting device. According to the treatment system provided by the embodiment of the utility model, the waste lead-acid batteries can be crushed and disassembled, and the thorough separation of the lead grid, the lead paste and the plastic housing is realized, so that the recovery rate for the secondary lead follow-up process is improved, the pollution is reduced, and the energy is saved.

Description

The treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind for the treatment of system for waste and old lead acid accumulator.
Background technology
In the modern explained hereafter, waste and old lead acid accumulator, lead skim and plumbous mud etc. have been listed national Hazardous Waste List, plumbous recyclable regeneration wherein in.
The first operation that reviver reclaims is disassembling of waste and old lead acid accumulator just, and the technique of disassembling of traditional waste and old lead acid accumulator mostly is manually and disassembles.Most domestic reviver factory generally adopts the smelting technologies such as conventional reverberatory furnace, blast furnace, be easy to cause resource loss and cause environmental pollution, and do not have sorting process, cause grid metal and lead plaster mixing, cause alloying component rationally not utilized, the road energy consumption is high behind the reviver.In addition, it is too high to use external import main equipment to disassemble the cost of processing.
The utility model content
The utility model is intended to solve at least one of technical problem that exists in the prior art.For this reason, a purpose of the present utility model is to propose a kind for the treatment of system for waste and old lead acid accumulator, and this treatment system can thoroughly be disassembled separation to battery, and reduces to pollute and save the energy.
A kind for the treatment of system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to the utility model embodiment comprises: disintegrating apparatus, and described disintegrating apparatus is used for broken described waste and old lead acid accumulator, and described disintegrating apparatus has inlet, feed hopper and is positioned at the discharging opening of bottom; Sorting is carried out isolating lead grid with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening to described disintegrating apparatus in the downstream that waterpower screening installation, described waterpower screening installation are located at described disintegrating apparatus, and obtains moulding shell, lead plaster and acid pickle; Conveying equipment, described conveying equipment are located between described disintegrating apparatus and the described waterpower screening installation and are delivered to described waterpower screening installation with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening with described disintegrating apparatus; Gap bridge separate optional equipment, described gap bridge separate optional equipment are located at the downstream of described waterpower screening installation so that the described shell of moulding is separated with lead plaster; Lead plaster separation equipment, described lead plaster separation equipment are located at the downstream of described gap bridge separate optional equipment so that described lead plaster is isolated; With mould the shell separation equipment, the described shell separation equipment of moulding is located at the downstream of described gap bridge separate optional equipment so that the described shell of moulding is isolated.
According to the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the present utility model, can disassemble the waste and old lead acid accumulator fragmentation, and realize lead grid, lead plaster and mould the thorough of shell and separate, be that the reviver subsequent technique improves the rate of recovery, reduce and pollute, and saved the energy.
In addition, also have following additional technical feature according to the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the present utility model:
Described disintegrating apparatus comprises: the disintegrating machine casing, wherein said feed hopper is located at the top of described disintegrating machine casing and passes to mutually with described disintegrating machine casing waste and old lead acid accumulator to be broken is fed in the described disintegrating machine casing, and described inlet is located on the described feed hopper, described feed hopper also is provided with broken exhaust outlet, and wherein said discharging opening is located at the bottom of described disintegrating machine casing; Crushing mechanism, described crushing mechanism are located in the described disintegrating machine casing so that described lead acid accumulator is carried out fragmentation.
Described crushing mechanism comprises: scraper plate, described scraper plate are connected on the described disintegrating machine casing and are obliquely installed, and described scraper plate is provided with sawtooth section; Rotating part, described rotating part rotatably are located in the described disintegrating machine casing; A plurality of quartering hammers, described a plurality of quartering hammers along the circumferential each interval of described rotating part be arranged and described a plurality of quartering hammer and described scraper plate between to have a preset distance broken with the lead acid accumulator hammering that will fall on the described scraper plate; Adaptor, it is curved be used to accepting the battery fragment that falls from described scraper plate that described adaptor is located at the below of described rotating part and described scraper plate and described adaptor, described adaptor be configured to have a plurality of apertures on it so that the battery fragment after being broken by and drop out and be not broken completely that the battery fragment is taken up by described a plurality of quartering hammers and be further broken from described discharging opening; With broken drive unit, it is outer so that described crushing mechanism is driven that described broken drive unit is located at described disintegrating machine casing.
Described scraper plate comprises: the first scraper plate, the upper end of described the first scraper plate are connected on the inwall of described disintegrating machine casing and the lower end slopes inwardly; With the second scraper plate, described the second scraper plate is fixed on the inwall of described disintegrating machine casing and with described the first scraper plate and is oppositely arranged; Serrated portion on wherein said the first scraper plate and the second scraper plate not along its length direction extend and the sawtooth direction all towards described rotating part.
Each described quartering hammer comprises: hammer body, and an end of described hammer body is connected on the described rotating part; Foot, described foot are located on the other end of described hammer body and along clockwise direction extends.
Described disintegrating machine casing comprises: upper box and lower box connect by flange between described upper box and the lower box, and the bottom of the pivot of described rotating part and described upper box are positioned on the same level line.
Limit crooked feeding-passage in the described feed hopper, and have sound-absorbing material around the described feeding-passage.
Described disintegrating apparatus further comprises crusher frame, and described crusher frame is located at the bottom of described disintegrating machine casing.
Described conveying equipment comprises: the first delivery chute, described the first delivery chute is located at described disintegrating machine casing below and inside has the first transfer passage, and described the first transfer passage has first and carries entrance and first to carry outlet and described first to carry entrance corresponding to receive the battery fragment up and down with the discharging opening of described disintegrating apparatus; The first conveying assembly, described the first conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by described first from the described first battery fragment of carrying entrance to enter in described the first transfer passage.
Described the first conveying assembly comprises: the first screw rod, described the first screw rod are rotatably along exporting so that described battery fragment is conveyed into confession to described the first conveying from described first in described the first transfer passage of axially being located at of described the first delivery chute; With the first driving device for slow-run that is used for driving described the first screw rod.
Described the first delivery chute comprises: groove body, the open-top of described groove body; And cover cap, described cover cap is located at the top and described first of described groove body and carries entrance to be limited by the top of described cover cap and described groove body.
The cross section of described groove body be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
Described waterpower screening installation comprises: the sorting body, has the sorting space in the described sorting body for separating of going out lead grid, moulding shell and lead plaster, the top of described sorting body has the sorting charging aperture, and have sorting inlet and sorting liquid outlet on the relative side of described sorting body first end, wherein the height of sorting inlet is not less than the height of described sorting liquid outlet, and the bottom in described sorting space is inclined upwardly gradually; The second delivery chute, described the second delivery chute is located at the bottom in described sorting space and is connected with described sorting space, described the second delivery chute inside has the second transfer passage, described the second transfer passage has second and carries entrance, second to carry outlet and sorting exhaust outlet, and described second carries entrance corresponding with described sorting charging aperture; With the second conveying assembly, described the second conveying assembly is used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by second successively from the described second lead grid of carrying entrance to enter in described the second transfer passage.
The top of described sorting body and described the second delivery chute is all opened wide and by the sealing of sorting lid, wherein said sorting charging aperture and described sorting inlet all are located on the described sorting lid.
Described the second conveying assembly comprises: the second screw rod, described the second screw rod are rotatably along exporting so that described battery fragment is conveyed into confession to described the second conveying from described second in described the second transfer passage of axially being located at of described the second delivery chute; With the second driving device for slow-run that is used for driving described screw rod.
The cross section of described the second transfer passage be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
Described waterpower screening installation further comprises a plurality of sorting supports, and described a plurality of sorting stent support are in the bottom of described sorting body.
Described gap bridge separate optional equipment comprises: gap bridge sorting casing, has gap bridge sorting chamber in the described gap bridge sorting casing, the top of described gap bridge sorting chamber has gap bridge charging aperture and gap bridge separate gather gas port, and the bottom has the lead plaster discharging opening and moulds shell outlet, wherein said lead plaster discharging opening is located at the first end of described gap bridge sorting casing and in the contiguous described gap bridge charging aperture setting of the direction vertical with described gap bridge sorting casing length direction, moulds the second end that shell outlet is located at described gap bridge sorting casing; The first screen cloth, described the first screen cloth are located in the described gap bridge sorting chamber and are configured to which is provided with the first sieve aperture and can make described lead plaster by leaching the described shell of moulding; The the first screen cloth transmission device that is connected with described the first screen cloth; With the first screen cloth drive unit that is used for driving described the first screen cloth transmission device.
Described gap bridge separate optional equipment further comprises: spray equipment, described spray equipment are located to place with impact for ejection acid pickle in described gap bridge sorting chamber moulds shell and lead plaster on described the first screen cloth.
Described spray equipment comprises: the spray body, and described spray body is located at the upper surface of described gap bridge sorting casing; And mouth spray, described mouth spray and the bottom of described spray body are connected and are located at the top of described gap bridge sorting chamber.
Described gap bridge separate optional equipment further comprises the feed chute, and described feed chute links to each other to feed shell and the lead plaster moulded to be separated in described gap bridge sorting chamber with described gap bridge charging aperture.
Described lead plaster separation equipment comprises: the lead plaster separating tank, limit the lead plaster split cavity in the described lead plaster separating tank, and the top of the first end of described lead plaster split cavity has the lead plaster feeding mouth and the bottom of the second end has plumbous mud discharging opening, and the top of described lead plaster split cavity has lead plaster separation off gas mouth and side and has lead plaster and separate liquid outlet; The second screen cloth, described the second screen cloth are located in the described lead plaster split cavity that lead plaster is transported to the second end from first end, described the second screen cloth and be configured to have on it the second sieve aperture and can leach described lead plaster; The the second screen cloth transmission device that is connected with described the second screen cloth; With the second screen cloth drive unit that is used for driving described the second screen cloth transmission device.
The bottom of described lead plaster separating tank is inclined upwardly to the second end gradually from first end, and the bottom of described the second screen cloth and described lead plaster separating tank be arranged in parallel.
Described lead plaster separation equipment further comprises a plurality of lead plaster separating supports, and described a plurality of lead plaster separating supports are supported on the bottom of described lead plaster separating tank.
The described shell separation equipment of moulding comprises: mould the shell separating tank, described mould to limit in the shell separating tank mould the shell split cavity, described top of moulding the shell split cavity is provided with moulds the shell feeding mouth and the bottom is inclined upwardly gradually, and described moulding is loaded with water and is used for the bakelite of density greater than water separated with the polypropylene of density less than water with plastics in the shell split cavity; The heavy delivery chute, described heavy delivery chute is located at described bottom of moulding the shell separating tank, have the 3rd transfer passage in the described heavy delivery chute to receive isolated density greater than bakelite and the plastics of water, described the 3rd transfer passage has the 3rd and carries entrance and the 3rd to carry outlet; The 3rd conveying assembly, described the 3rd conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by the described the 3rd from the described the 3rd bakelite and the plastics of carrying entrance to enter in described the 3rd transfer passage; The lightweight delivery chute, has the 4th transfer passage in the described lightweight delivery chute, described the 4th transfer passage has the 4th and carries entrance and the 4th to carry outlet, and the wherein said the 4th carries entrance to be connected to receive isolated described polypropylene with the described shell split cavity of moulding; The 4th conveying assembly, described the 4th conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by the described the 4th from the described the 4th polypropylene of carrying entrance to enter in described the 4th transfer passage.
Described the 3rd conveying assembly comprises: the 3rd screw rod, described the 3rd screw rod rotatably along in described the 3rd transfer passage of axially being located at of described the 3rd delivery chute so that the described shell of moulding is conveyed into confession from the described the 3rd and carries outlet to the described the 3rd; With the triple helical drive unit that is used for driving described screw rod; Described the 4th conveying assembly comprises: the 4th screw rod, state the 4th screw rod rotatably along in described the 4th transfer passage of axially being located at of described the 4th delivery chute so that the described shell of moulding is conveyed into confession from the described the 4th and carries outlet to the described the 4th; With the 4th driving device for slow-run that is used for driving described screw rod.
The described shell separation equipment of moulding further comprises: at least one rake device, described at least one rake device are located at the described the 4th and carry entrance and described moulding between the shell split cavity to carry in the entrance isolated polypropylene is pushed into the 4th.
Each described rake device includes: pivot, and described pivot is parallel with the length direction of described lightweight delivery chute and be located at pivotly the described the 4th and carry entrance and described moulding between the shell split cavity; Be used for driving the described pivotally supported target drive unit that turns; With a plurality of rake bodies, described a plurality of rake bodies are located on the described pivot with being arranged in order and promote described polypropylene with the rotation along with described pivot.
The described shell separation equipment of moulding further comprises be used to supporting described a plurality of shell separating supports of moulding of moulding the shell separating tank.
Described treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator further comprises gas processing device, and described gas processing device absorbs described disintegrating apparatus, waterpower screening installation, gap bridge separate optional equipment, lead plaster separation equipment and moulds waste gas and the lead dust of discharging in the shell separation equipment.
According to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment, acid pickle and flushing liquid can be recycled, and can avoid thus the secondary pollution of water.In addition, disintegrating apparatus, waterpower screening installation, gap bridge separate optional equipment, lead plaster separation equipment and mould the shell separation equipment and be closed construction, but the waste gas of discharging in all devices and lead dust all gas processing device absorb, controlled the pollution of dust and gas, thereby reduced the secondary pollution in whole processing procedure, thereby the cleaning that has realized waste and old lead acid accumulator is disassembled and is separated, and has improved the plumbous rate of recovery, has saved the energy.
Additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage in the following description part provide, and part will become obviously from the following description, or recognize by practice of the present utility model.
Description of drawings
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the present utility model and advantage are from obviously and easily understanding becoming the description of embodiment in conjunction with following accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram according to the disintegrating apparatus of the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of A section among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram according to the conveying equipment that is used for the waste and old lead acid accumulator treatment system of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram according to the waterpower screening installation of the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the vertical view of the waterpower screening installation shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram according to the gap bridge separate optional equipment of the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram according to the lead plaster separation equipment of the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of moulding the shell separation equipment according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model one side embodiment;
Fig. 9 is the vertical view of moulding the shell separation equipment shown in Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the left view of moulding the shell separation equipment shown in Fig. 8; With
Figure 11 is according to the utility model schematic diagram of the processing method that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of embodiment on the other hand.
Embodiment
The below describes embodiment of the present utility model in detail, and the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein identical or similar label represents identical or similar element or the element with identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment that is described with reference to the drawings, only be used for explaining the utility model, and can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it will be appreciated that, term " " center "; " vertically "; " laterally "; " on "; D score; " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", orientation or the position relationship of indications such as " outward " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only be for convenience of description the utility model and simplified characterization, rather than device or the element of indication or hint indication must have specific orientation, with specific orientation structure and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.In addition, term " first ", " second " only are used for describing purpose, and can not be interpreted as indication or hint relative importance or the implicit quantity that indicates indicated technical characterictic.Thus, one or more these features can be expressed or impliedly be comprised to the feature that is limited with " first ", " second ".In description of the present utility model, except as otherwise noted, the implication of " a plurality of " is two or more.
In description of the present utility model, need to prove that unless clear and definite regulation and restriction are arranged in addition, term " installation ", " linking to each other ", " connection " should be done broad understanding, for example, can be to be fixedly connected with, also can be to removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be to be electrically connected; Can be directly to link to each other, also can indirectly link to each other by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, can concrete condition understand the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model.
Below with reference to the treatment system that be used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of Fig. 1-Figure 10 description according to the utility model embodiment, described treatment system is used for the waste and old lead acid accumulator fragmentation is disassembled and isolated lead grid, lead plaster and moulds shell.Need to prove that wherein in the following description, the term of mentioning in the utility model " lead plaster " is mud shape thing, term " is moulded shell " for block, comprises that mainly density is greater than 1 bakelite and plastics, also comprise that density is less than 1 polypropylene.
The treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to the utility model embodiment comprises: disintegrating apparatus 100, conveying equipment 200, waterpower screening installation 300, gap bridge separate optional equipment 400, lead plaster separation equipment and mould shell separation equipment 600.
Disintegrating apparatus 100 is used for the broken worn-out lead acid accumulator, and disintegrating apparatus 100 has for inlet 111, feed hopper 110 and the discharging opening 124 bottom being positioned at.It is broken by hammering that waste and old lead acid accumulator enters into disintegrating apparatus 100 from charging aperture 110, acid pickle enters to wash the battery fragment that mainly comprises lead plaster and mould shell from inlet 111 simultaneously, then battery fragment and acid pickle are discharged from discharging opening 124 together, enter into follow-up conveying equipment 200.
Sorting is carried out isolating lead grid with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening to disintegrating apparatus 100 in the downstream that waterpower screening installation 300 is located at disintegrating apparatus 100, and obtains moulding shell, lead plaster and acid pickle.Conveying equipment 200 is located between disintegrating apparatus 100 and the waterpower screening installation 300 and is delivered to waterpower screening installation 300 with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening with disintegrating apparatus 100.
Gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is located at the downstream of waterpower screening installation 300 to be separated with lead plaster will mould shell, then, the lead plaster separation equipment is located at the downstream of gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 so that lead plaster is isolated, and moulds the downstream that shell separation equipment 600 is located at gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 and isolates will mould shell.
The treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to the utility model embodiment, can disassemble the waste and old lead acid accumulator fragmentation, and realize lead grid, lead plaster and mould the thorough of shell and separate, be that the reviver subsequent technique improves the rate of recovery, reduce and pollute, and saved the energy.
In the further embodiment of the utility model, the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator also comprises gas processing device, gas processing device absorbs disintegrating apparatus 100, waterpower screening installation 300, gap bridge separate optional equipment 400, lead plaster separation equipment and moulds waste gas and the lead dust of discharging in the shell separation equipment 600, thereby has reduced the secondary pollution in whole processing procedure.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, as shown in Figure 1, disintegrating apparatus 100 comprises: disintegrating machine casing 120 and crushing mechanism 130.Crushing mechanism 130 is located in the disintegrating machine casing 120 so that lead acid accumulator is carried out fragmentation.
Feed hopper 110 is located at the top of disintegrating machine casing 120 and passes to mutually in the waste and old lead acid accumulator infeed disintegrating machine casing 120 to be broken with disintegrating machine casing 120, alternatively, limit crooked feeding-passage 113 in the feed hopper 110, and has sound-absorbing material 114 around the feeding-passage 113, can reduce thus the decrease speed of battery, also because sound-absorbing material 114 is set, greatly reduced the noise when old and useless battery enters into casing.Inlet 111 is located at and is used for passing into acid pickle on the feed hopper 110, and acid pickle is used for the battery fragment after 130 fragmentations of flushing crushing mechanism, reduces battery fragment temperature, to improve crushing effect, reduces simultaneously the lead dust in the shattering process.Also be provided with broken exhaust outlet 112 on the feed hopper 110 and be used for discharging broken waste gas and the lead dust that produces.Discharging opening 124 is located at the bottom of disintegrating machine casing 120.
Particularly, crushing mechanism 130 comprises: scraper plate 131, rotating part 132, a plurality of quartering hammer 133, adaptor 134 and broken drive unit 135.As shown in Figure 2, scraper plate 131 is connected on the disintegrating machine casing 120 and is obliquely installed, and scraper plate 131 is provided with sawtooth section 1311.In an example of the present utility model, scraper plate 131 comprises the first scraper plate 131a and the second scraper plate 131b, the upper end of the first scraper plate 131a is connected on the inwall of disintegrating machine casing 120 and the lower end slopes inwardly, and the second scraper plate 131b is fixed on the inwall of disintegrating machine casing 120 and with the first scraper plate 131a and is oppositely arranged.Wherein the sawtooth section 1311 on the first scraper plate 131a and the second scraper plate 131b respectively along its length direction extend and the sawtooth direction all towards rotating part 132.Rotating part 132 rotatably is located in the disintegrating machine casing 120.
A plurality of quartering hammers 133 along the circumferential each interval of rotating part 132 be arranged and a plurality of quartering hammer 133 and scraper plate 131 between to have a preset distance broken with the lead acid accumulator hammering that will fall on the scraper plate 131.Particularly, each quartering hammer 133 comprises hammer body 1331 and foot 1332, and an end of hammer body 1331 is connected on the rotating part 132, and foot 1332 is located on the other end of hammer body 1331 and along clockwise direction extends.
It is curved be used to accepting the battery fragment that falls from scraper plate 131 that adaptor 134 is located at the below of rotating part 132 and scraper plate 131 and adaptor 134, and adaptor 134 is configured to have a plurality of apertures 1341 on it and is not broken completely so that the battery fragment after being broken drops out by discharging opening 124 that the battery fragment is taken up by a plurality of quartering hammers 133 and be further broken.That is to say, particle falls from aperture 1341 less than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 after broken, and from discharging opening 124 discharges, and particle scrapes the hammer 133 that continues to be broken greater than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 and is carried away to the second scraper plate 131b place and carries out the hammering fragmentation, since the effect of centrifugal force, battery on the first scraper plate 131a, adaptor 134 and the second scraper plate 131b by hammering and then be broken into particle less than the battery fragment of aperture 1341.Thus, can be fully broken.Preferably, the tangential direction of an end of adaptor 134 is consistent with the length direction of the first scraper plate 131a, so that the battery fragment on the first scraper plate 131a can drop in the adaptor 134 fully.It is outer so that crushing mechanism 130 is driven that broken drive unit 135 is located at disintegrating machine casing 120.
In embodiment more of the present utility model, disintegrating machine casing 120 comprises upper box 121 and lower box 122, connect by flange 123 between upper box 121 and the lower box 122, and the bottom of the pivot of rotating part 132 and upper box 121 is positioned on the same level line, so that rotating part 132 is easy for installation.
Further, in embodiment more of the present utility model, disintegrating apparatus 100 further comprises crusher frame (scheming not shown), and the bottom that crusher frame is located at disintegrating machine casing 120 is used for supporting disintegrating machine casing 120.
Below with reference to the course of work of Fig. 1 description according to the disintegrating apparatus 100 of the utility model embodiment.
Waste and old lead acid accumulator is fed in the charging aperture 110, drop in the disintegrating machine casing 120 through behind the feeding-passage 113 with sound-absorbing material 114, at this moment, broken drive unit 135 drives rotating part 132 and clockwise rotates in disintegrating machine casing 120, and the battery hammering that a plurality of quartering hammer 133 high speed rotating will drop on the first scraper plate 1311 is broken into the battery fragment that mainly comprises lead plaster and mould shell.
Battery fragment after the fragmentation drops into downwards on the adaptor 134, particle falls from aperture 1341 less than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 after broken, and from discharging opening 124 discharges, and particle greater than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 with the hammer 133 that continues to be broken scrape take away continue broken, until all battery fragments all fragmentation fall by aperture 1341 fully and discharge by discharging opening 124, then enter into follow-up conveying equipment 200 to be transported to next step waterpower screening installation 300.
In this process, the broken waste gas that produces and lead dust are all extracted out by broken exhaust outlet 112 and are entered into gas processing device 700, thereby have realized non-secondary pollution in the shattering process.
According to the disintegrating apparatus of the utility model embodiment, can realize the complete fragmentation of battery and pollution-free in whole shattering process.
Below with reference to the conveying equipment 200 of Fig. 3 description according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment.
Conveying equipment 200 comprises the first delivery chute 210 and the first conveying assembly 220.As shown in Figure 3, the first delivery chute 210 is located at disintegrating machine casing 120 belows, and the inside of the first delivery chute 210 has the first transfer passage 211, the first transfer passage 211 has first and carries entrance 212 and first to carry outlet 213, and first carries entrance 212 corresponding to receive the battery fragment of discharging from the discharging opening of disintegrating apparatus 100 about in the of 124 with the discharging opening of disintegrating apparatus 100.The first conveying assembly 220 is used for and will will carry outlet 213 to discharge by first from the first battery fragment of carrying entrance 212 to enter in the first transfer passage 211.
Particularly, the first conveying assembly 220 comprises the first screw rod 221 and be used for to drive the first driving device for slow-run 222 of the first screw rod 221.Wherein, the first screw rod 221 rotatably is located in the first transfer passage 211 to carry entrance 212 to export 213 for carrying to first from first the battery fragment along axial (being the left and right directions among Fig. 3) of the first delivery chute 210.Preferably, the blade of the first screw rod 221 is evenly spaced apart ground spiral setting each other.
The first delivery chute 210 comprises groove body 2101 and cover cap 2102, the open-top of groove body 2101, and cover cap 2102 is located at the top of groove body 2101, and for example cover cap 2102 can be located at by cover card or securing member the top of groove body 2101, schemes not shown.First carries entrance 212 to be limited by the top of cover cap 2102 and groove body 2101.Alternatively, the cross section of groove body 2101 be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.In other words, the cross section of the first transfer passage 211 be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
Below with reference to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 waterpower screening installation 300 according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment is described.
Waterpower screening installation 300 comprises: sorting body 310, the second delivery chute 320 and the second conveying assembly 330.
As shown in Figure 4, has sorting space 3100 in the sorting body 310 for separating of going out lead grid in the battery fragment, moulding shell and lead plaster.The bottom in sorting space 3100 is inclined upwardly gradually.The first end of sorting body 310 (being the left end among Fig. 3) top has sorting charging aperture 311, and have on the relative side of sorting body 310 first ends for the sorting inlet 312 that feeds acid pickle and sorting liquid outlet 313(as shown in Figure 5), wherein the height of sorting inlet 312 is not less than the height of sorting liquid outlet 313, thus, flow by control feed liquor (being acid pickle) in the sorting inlet 312, because what density was lighter moulds shell and lead plaster, with the heavier lead grid of density be subjected to impulse force different, lead grid that then can density is heavier will be fallen in the second delivery chute 320 by punching, is gone out by acid pickle from sorting liquid outlet 313 and carries out follow-up separating in the gap bridge screening installation 400 and mould shell and lead plaster.Thus, finished moulding the sorting of shell and lead plaster and lead grid.
The second delivery chute 320 is located at the bottom in sorting space 3100 and is connected with sorting space 3100, the second delivery chute 320 inside have the second transfer passage 321, the second transfer passage 321 has second and carries entrance 322, second to carry outlet 323 and sorting exhaust outlet 324, and second carries the corresponding lead grid that falls in the sorting space 3100 with reception of entrance 322 and sorting charging aperture 311.
The second conveying assembly 330 is used for and will will carry outlet 323 to discharge by second successively from the second lead grid of carrying entrance 322 to enter in the second transfer passage 321.Alternatively, also be provided with flushing liquor mouth 325 and coupled a plurality of flushing liquor mouth sprays 326 at the top of the second delivery chute 320, be attached to lead plaster on the lead grid for use in spraying into flushing liquid with flushing.Correspondingly, be provided with at the bottom first end (being the left end among Fig. 3) of the second delivery chute 320 and drain mouthfuls 326, in order to discharge the flushing liquid in the second transfer passage 321.Alternatively, flushing liquid also can be acid pickle.
Alternatively, as shown in Figure 4, the top of sorting body 310 and the second delivery chute 320 is all opened wide and is sealed by sorting lid 314, wherein sorting charging aperture 311 and sorting inlet 312 all are located on the sorting lid 314, this moment is in whole waterpower assorting room, the waste gas that produces and lead dust are all extracted out from sorting exhaust outlet 324 and are entered into gas processing device 700, thereby have realized non-secondary pollution in the waterpower assorting room.
Wherein, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the second driving device for slow-run 332, the second screw rods 331 that the second conveying assembly 330 comprises the second screw rod 331 and is used for drive screw rotatably are located in the second transfer passage 321 to carry entrance 322 to export 323 for carrying to second from second lead grid along axial (being the left and right directions among Fig. 4) of the second delivery chute 320.Alternatively, the cross section of the second transfer passage 321 be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
In examples more of the present utility model, waterpower screening installation 300 further comprises a plurality of sorting supports 430, and the bottom that a plurality of sorting supports 340 are supported on sorting body 310 is used for supporting sorting body 310.
Below with reference to the gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 of Fig. 6 description according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment, this gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is for separating of the lead plaster of discharging in the above-mentioned waterpower assorting room and mould shell.
Gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 comprises: gap bridge sorting casing 410, the first screen cloth 420, the first screen cloth transmission device 430 and the first screen cloth drive unit 440.
As shown in Figure 6, have gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 in the gap bridge sorting casing 410, the bottom of gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 is inclined upwardly to the second end (being the left end among Fig. 1) gradually from first end (being the right-hand member Fig. 1).The top of gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 has gap bridge charging aperture (scheming not shown) and gap bridge separate gather gas port 411, and the bottom has lead plaster discharging opening 412 and moulds shell outlet 413, wherein lead plaster discharging opening 412 is located at the first end of gap bridge sorting casing 410 and in the setting of the contiguous gap bridge charging aperture of the direction vertical with gap bridge sorting casing 410 length directions, moulds the second end that shell outlet 413 is located at gap bridge sorting casing 410.
The first screen cloth 420 is located in the gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 and is configured to which is provided with the first sieve aperture (scheming not shown) and can make lead plaster mould shell by leaching, that is to say, the particle of lead plaster is moulded the particle of shell greater than the size of the first sieve aperture less than the size of the first sieve aperture, thus, lead plaster, mould shell and enter in the gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 from the gap bridge charging aperture together with the acid pickle of from waterpower screening installation 300, discharging, lead plaster and acid pickle directly pass from the first sieve aperture of the first screen cloth 420 and discharge from lead plaster discharging opening 412, and the larger shell of moulding of particle is stayed on the first screen cloth 420.
The first screen cloth transmission device 430 is connected with the first screen cloth 420, and the first screen cloth drive unit 440 is used for driving the first screen cloth transmission device 430, thus can be with the gradually upwards transmission from first end to the second end in gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 of the first screen cloth.Alternatively, the first screen cloth transmission device 430 for example is belt drive unit.
In further example of the present utility model, gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 also comprises spray equipment 450, and spray equipment 450 is located at for placing with impact to gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 interior ejection acid pickles and moulds shell and lead plaster on the first screen cloth 420.Particularly, spray equipment 450 comprises spray body 451 and mouth spray 452, and spray body 451 is located at the upper surface of gap bridge sorting casing 410, and mouth spray 452 and the bottom that sprays body 451 are connected and are located at the top of gap bridge sorting chamber 4100.
Preferably, gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 also can further comprise feed chute 460, feed chute 460 link to each other with the gap bridge charging aperture with to the 4100 interior infeeds of gap bridge sorting chamber to be separated mould shell and lead plaster.
The course of work of gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is described below with reference to Fig. 6.
At first, lead plaster is supplied to the gap bridge charging aperture with mixture and the acid pickle of moulding shell by feed chute 460, then enter into gap bridge sorting chamber 4100 and fall on the first screen cloth 420 after interior, particle is directly discharged to enter into follow-up lead plaster separation equipment 500 from lead plaster discharging opening 412 down by the first sieve aperture is backward less than the lead plaster of the first sieve aperture and acid pickle.Particle is larger mould shell on the first screen cloth 420 of transmission from the first end of the first screen cloth 420 to the second end motion, from mould shell outlet 413, fall after shell arrives the second end when moulding, and enter follow-up moulding in the shell separation equipment 600.
Below with reference to the lead plaster separation equipment of Fig. 7 description according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment, this lead plaster separation equipment is located at the downstream of gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 separating with acid pickle from the lead plaster that gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is discharged.
As shown in Figure 7, the lead plaster separation equipment comprises: lead plaster separating tank 510, the second screen cloth 520, the second screen cloth transmission device 530 and the second screen cloth drive unit 540.
Limit lead plaster split cavity 5100 in the lead plaster separating tank 510, and the top of the first end of lead plaster split cavity 5100 (being the right-hand member among Fig. 1) has lead plaster feeding mouth 511 and the bottom of the second end (being the left end among Fig. 1) has plumbous mud discharging opening 512, and the top of lead plaster split cavity 5100 has lead plaster separation off gas mouth 513 and side and has lead plaster and separate liquid outlet 514.Further, be formed with for the liquid in the lead plaster split cavity 5100 is drained in the bottom of the first end of lead plaster separating tank 510.
The second screen cloth 520 is located in the lead plaster split cavity 5100 so that lead plaster is transported to the second end from first end, the second screen cloth 520 and be configured to have the second sieve aperture on it (scheming not shown) can leach lead plaster, that is to say, the particle of lead plaster is greater than the size of the second sieve aperture, thus, lead plaster and acid pickle enter in the lead plaster split cavity 5100 from lead plaster feeding mouth 511, acid pickle directly passes from the second sieve aperture of the second screen cloth 520 and drains mouthful 515 discharges from liquid, and lead plaster on the second screen cloth 520 of transmission from the first end of the second screen cloth 520 to the second end motion, after lead plaster arrives the second end, from plumbous mud discharging opening 512, discharge.
The second screen cloth transmission device 530 is connected with the second screen cloth 520, and the second screen cloth drive unit 540 is used for driving the second screen cloth transmission device 530, the second screen cloth 520 can be transmitted to the second end from first end in lead plaster split cavity 5100 thus.Alternatively, the second screen cloth transmission device 530 for example is belt drive unit.Preferably, the bottom of lead plaster split cavity 5100 is inclined upwardly to the second end gradually from first end, and the bottom of the second screen cloth 520 and lead plaster separating tank 510 be arranged in parallel.Simple in structure thus, separate and the efficiency of transmission height.
Further, the lead plaster separation equipment also can comprise a plurality of lead plaster separating supports 550, and the bottom that a plurality of lead plaster separating supports 550 are supported on lead plaster separating tank 510 is used for supporting lead plaster separating tank 510.
Below with reference to Fig. 8-Figure 10 describe according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment mould shell separation equipment 600, this is moulded shell separation equipment 600 and is used for the shell of moulding that gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is discharged is isolated polypropylene, bakelite and heavy plastics.
Moulding shell separation equipment 600 comprises: mould shell separating tank 610, heavy delivery chute 620, the 3rd conveying assembly 630, lightweight delivery chute 640 and the 4th conveying assembly 650.
Mould to limit in the shell separating tank 610 and mould shell split cavity 6100, the top of moulding shell split cavity 6100 is provided with moulds shell feeding mouth 611 in order to receive the shell of moulding of discharging from gap bridge separate optional equipment 400, and the bottom of moulding shell split cavity 6100 is inclined upwardly gradually.Mould and be loaded with water in the shell split cavity 6100 for the bakelite of density greater than water separated with the polypropylene of density less than water with the heavy plastics, that is to say, mould shell and enter into and mould in the shell split cavity 6100 from moulding shell feeding mouth 611, density sinks under water downwards greater than the bakelite of water and heavy plastics and on polypropylene bubbles through the water column.
Heavy delivery chute 620 is located at the bottom of moulding shell separating tank 610, have the 3rd transfer passage 621 in the heavy delivery chute 620 to receive isolated density greater than bakelite and the heavy plastics of water, the 3rd transfer passage 621 has the 3rd and carries entrance 622 and the 3rd to carry outlet 623.The 3rd conveying assembly 630 is used for and will will carry outlet 623 to discharge by the 3rd from the 3rd bakelite and the heavy plastics of carrying entrance 622 to enter in the 3rd transfer passage 621.
Have the 4th transfer passage 641, the four transfer passages 641 in the lightweight delivery chute 640 and have the 4th and carry entrance 642 and the 4th to carry outlet 643, wherein the 4th carry entrance 642 and mould shell split cavity 6100 and be connected to receive isolated polypropylene.The 4th conveying assembly 650 is used for and will will carry outlet 643 to discharge by the 4th from the 4th polypropylene of carrying entrance 642 to enter in the 4th transfer passage 641.
Preferably, the open-top of heavy delivery chute 620 and by heavy groove cover plate 624 sealing, correspondingly, the open-top of lightweight delivery chute 640 and by 644 sealings of lightweight groove cover plate, as shown in Figure 9.Thus, so that mould the simple in structure of shell separation equipment 600.In addition, on heavy groove cover plate 624 and lightweight groove cover plate 644, all can be provided with and mould shell separation off gas mouth (scheming not shown), mould in the shell separation process whole thus, the waste gas that produces and lead dust are all extracted out from mould shell separation off gas mouth and are entered into gas processing device 700, make and mould the shell separation process and be under the closed state, reduced pollution to external world.
Wherein, the 3rd conveying assembly 630 comprises the 3rd screw rod 631 and is used for the triple helical drive unit 632 of drive screw.Wherein the 3rd screw rod 631 rotatably carries entrance 622 for to three carry to export 623 will mould shell from the 3rd along axially being located in the 3rd transfer passage 621 of the 3rd delivery chute.The cross section of the 3rd transfer passage 621 be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
The 4th conveying assembly 650 comprises the 4th screw rod 651 and is used for the 4th driving device for slow-run 652 of drive screw that wherein the 4th screw rod 651 rotatably carries entrance 642 to supply to four conveying outlet 643 will mould shell from the 4th along axially being located in the 4th transfer passage 641 of the 4th delivery chute.Alternatively, the cross section of the 4th transfer passage 641 be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
In further example of the present utility model, mould shell separation equipment 600 and can comprise at least one rake device 660, at least one rake device 660 is located at the 4th conveying entrance 642 and moulds between the shell split cavity 6100 and carry in the entrance 642 isolated polypropylene is pushed into the 4th.
As shown in figure 10, each rake device 660 includes pivot 661, is used for driving described pivotally supported target drive unit 663 and a plurality of rake body 662 of turning, pivot 661 is parallel with the length direction of lightweight delivery chute 640 and be located at pivotly the 4th and carry entrance 642 and mould between the shell split cavity 6100, and a plurality of rake bodies 662 are located on the pivot 661 with the rotation promotion polypropylene along with pivot 661 with being arranged in order.Thus, mould shell split cavity 6100 interior isolated polypropylene bubble through the water column upper after, turn target drive unit 663 and drive pivot 661 and 662 rotations of a plurality of rake body, thereby polypropylene is carried entrance 642 from moulding shell split cavity 6100 interior rakes to the four, in order to isolated polypropylene is delivered in the follow-up for example storage facilities by lightweight delivery chute 640.
In further example of the present utility model, mould shell separation equipment 600 and also can comprise a plurality of shell separating supports 670 of moulding of moulding shell separating tank 610 for support.
The treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to the utility model embodiment, improve and solve problems such as lead resource loss, energy waste and environmental pollution in traditional old and useless battery treatment process, and the effective recycling of the spent acid, polypropylene and the bakelite shell that dismantle for waste and old lead acid accumulator creates conditions, smelt for the classification of useless pole plate and plumbous mud and to lay the foundation, ready for reducing and reduce energy consumption and the secondary pollution of regeneration in smelting.
Below with reference to the course of work of Fig. 1-Figure 10 description according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model embodiment.
At first, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, waste and old lead acid accumulator is fed in the charging aperture 110 of disintegrating apparatus 100, drop in the disintegrating machine casing 120 through behind the feeding-passage 113 with sound-absorbing material 114, at this moment, broken drive unit 135 drives rotating part 132 and clockwise rotates in disintegrating machine casing 120, and the battery hammering that a plurality of quartering hammer 133 high speed rotating will drop on the first scraper plate 1311 is broken into the battery fragment that mainly comprises lead plaster and mould shell.
Battery fragment after the fragmentation drops into downwards on the adaptor 134, particle falls from aperture 1341 less than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 after broken, and from discharging opening 124 discharges, and particle greater than the battery fragment of aperture 1341 with the hammer 133 that continues to be broken scrape take away continue broken, until all battery fragments all fragmentation fall by aperture 1341 fully and discharge by discharging opening 124, then be transported in the waterpower screening installation 300, as shown in Figure 3 by conveying equipment 200.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the battery fragment enters into the sorting space 3100 of waterpower screening installation 300 by sorting charging aperture 311, enter the flow of acid pickle in the sorting inlet 312 by control, the punching of lead grid that density is heavier falls that the second delivery chute 320 is interior carries outlet 323 to discharge along 321 transmission of the second transfer passage and from second, and lighter mould shell and the lead plaster of density gone out by acid pickle from sorting liquid outlet 313 and then entered into follow-up gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 and separate.
As shown in Figure 6, the lead plaster of discharging from waterpower screening installation 300, mould shell and acid pickle enters in the gap bridge sorting chamber 4100, particle is directly discharged to enter into follow-up lead plaster separation equipment from lead plaster discharging opening 412 down by the first sieve aperture of the first screen cloth 420 is backward less than the lead plaster of the first sieve aperture and acid pickle.Particle is larger mould shell on the first screen cloth 420 of transmission from the first end of the first screen cloth 420 to the second end motion, from mould shell outlet 413, fall after shell arrives the second end when moulding, and enter follow-up moulding in the shell separation equipment 600.
In the lead plaster split cavity 5100 that the lead plaster of discharging from gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 and acid pickle enter into the lead plaster separation equipment, as shown in Figure 7, acid pickle directly passes from the second sieve aperture of the second screen cloth 520 and drains mouthfuls 515 from liquid and discharges.And lead plaster on the second screen cloth 520 of transmission from the first end of the second screen cloth 520 to the second end motion, after lead plaster arrives the second end, from plumbous mud discharging opening 512, discharge.
The shell of moulding of discharging from gap bridge separate optional equipment 400 is delivered to and moulds in the shell split cavity 6100, and density sinks under water downwards greater than bakelite and the heavy plastics of water, and on polypropylene bubbles through the water column.Bakelite and heavy plastics transfer out by heavy delivery chute 620, thereby polypropylene is pushed in the lightweight delivery chute 640 by at least one rake device 660 and transfers out by lightweight delivery chute 640, shown in Fig. 8-10.
In whole system, acid pickle and flushing liquid can be recycled, and can avoid thus the secondary pollution of water.In addition, disintegrating apparatus 100, waterpower screening installation 300, gap bridge separate optional equipment 400, lead plaster separation equipment and mould shell separation equipment 600 and be closed construction, but the waste gas of discharging in the above-mentioned all devices and lead dust all gas processing device 700 absorb, controlled the pollution of dust and gas, thereby reduced the secondary pollution in whole processing procedure, thereby the cleaning that has realized waste and old lead acid accumulator is disassembled and is separated, and has improved the plumbous rate of recovery, has saved the energy.
Below with reference to the processing method that be used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of Figure 11 description according to the utility model second aspect embodiment, described processing method adopts according to the treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator of the utility model first aspect embodiment and processes.
The treating method comprises following steps:
S1, described waste and old lead acid accumulator is carried out fragmentation obtaining the battery fragment, and by the acid pickle spray, reduce battery fragment temperature, to improve crushing effect, reduce simultaneously the lead dust in the shattering process;
S2, described battery fragment waterpower is separated, isolate lead grid, and obtain comprising the first mixture of moulding shell, lead plaster and acid pickle;
Isolate the described shell of moulding in S3, the first mixture from S2, and obtain comprising the second mixture of lead plaster and acid pickle;
S4, the lead plaster in the second mixture among the S3 is separated with acid pickle;
S5, the isolated shell of moulding among the S3 is separated to obtain polypropylene, plastic hybrid and bakelite.
Wherein, in the separation process of step S2 waterpower, further comprise by acid pickle and impact described battery fragment, with lead grid and density less than the lead plaster of described lead grid with mould shell separately.Particularly, in the waterpower screening installation 300, the flow by the control acid pickle is dropped down onto in the second delivery chute 320 by punching with the control lead grid, and lead plaster and mould shell and from sorting liquid outlet 313, be rushed out simultaneously sorting space 3100.
In an embodiment of the present utility model, further comprise isolated acid pickle among the S4 is reclaimed for step S1 and/or S2.Thereby realized the recycling of acid pickle.
Among the step S3, further comprise:
S31, described shell, lead plaster and the acid pickle moulded that obtains among the S2 placed on the first screen cloth with first sieve aperture;
S32, by to described shell, lead plaster and the acid pickle spray liquid moulded so that described the mould shell of particle greater than described sieve aperture separated with the lead plaster of particle less than described sieve aperture.
Among the step S4, further comprise:
S41, with lead plaster and spent acid by on the second screen cloth with second sieve aperture, the diameter of wherein said the second sieve aperture less than the size of described lead plaster so that lead plaster is filtered off.
Among the step S5, the described shell of moulding is carried out gravity separation to obtain the little polypropylene of density, plastic hybrid and bakelite that density is large.
Described processing method further comprises waste gas and the lead dust of discharging among the treatment step S1-S5.
Owing to adopt the detailed process of waste and old lead acid accumulator being processed according to the treatment system of the utility model first aspect embodiment to describe in detail in the above-described embodiments, do not repeat them here.
The processing method that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to the utility model embodiment, do not having in the situation of secondary pollution, can realize that thoroughly disassembling of lead grid, polypropylene and lead plaster separate, for the reviver postchannel process has improved the rate of recovery, reduced pollution, and save the energy.
In the description of this specification, the description of reference term " embodiment ", " some embodiment ", " illustrative examples ", " example ", " concrete example " or " some examples " etc. means to be contained at least one embodiment of the present utility model or the example in conjunction with specific features, structure, material or the characteristics of this embodiment or example description.In this manual, the schematic statement of above-mentioned term not necessarily referred to identical embodiment or example.And the specific features of description, structure, material or characteristics can be with suitable mode combinations in any one or more embodiment or example.
Although illustrated and described embodiment of the present utility model, those having ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that: can carry out multiple variation, modification, replacement and modification to these embodiment in the situation that does not break away from principle of the present utility model and aim, scope of the present utility model is limited by claim and equivalent thereof.

Claims (30)

1. a treatment system that is used for waste and old lead acid accumulator is characterized in that, comprising:
Disintegrating apparatus, described disintegrating apparatus is used for broken described waste and old lead acid accumulator, and described disintegrating apparatus has inlet, feed hopper and is positioned at the discharging opening of bottom;
Sorting is carried out isolating lead grid with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening to described disintegrating apparatus in the downstream that waterpower screening installation, described waterpower screening installation are located at described disintegrating apparatus, and obtains moulding shell, lead plaster and acid pickle;
Conveying equipment, described conveying equipment are located between described disintegrating apparatus and the described waterpower screening installation and are delivered to described waterpower screening installation with the battery fragment of discharging in the discharging opening with described disintegrating apparatus;
Gap bridge separate optional equipment, described gap bridge separate optional equipment are located at the downstream of described waterpower screening installation so that the described shell of moulding is separated with lead plaster;
Lead plaster separation equipment, described lead plaster separation equipment are located at the downstream of described gap bridge separate optional equipment so that described lead plaster is isolated; With
Mould the shell separation equipment, the described shell separation equipment of moulding is located at the downstream of described gap bridge separate optional equipment so that the described shell of moulding is isolated.
2. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described disintegrating apparatus comprises:
The disintegrating machine casing, wherein said feed hopper is located at the top of described disintegrating machine casing and passes to mutually with described disintegrating machine casing waste and old lead acid accumulator to be broken is fed in the described disintegrating machine casing, and described inlet is located on the described feed hopper, described feed hopper also is provided with broken exhaust outlet, and wherein said discharging opening is located at the bottom of described disintegrating machine casing;
Crushing mechanism, described crushing mechanism are located in the described disintegrating machine casing so that described lead acid accumulator is carried out fragmentation.
3. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described crushing mechanism comprises:
Scraper plate, described scraper plate are connected on the described disintegrating machine casing and are obliquely installed, and described scraper plate is provided with sawtooth section;
Rotating part, described rotating part rotatably are located in the described disintegrating machine casing;
A plurality of quartering hammers, described a plurality of quartering hammers along the circumferential each interval of described rotating part be arranged and described a plurality of quartering hammer and described scraper plate between to have a preset distance broken with the lead acid accumulator hammering that will fall on the described scraper plate;
Adaptor, it is curved be used to accepting the battery fragment that falls from described scraper plate that described adaptor is located at the below of described rotating part and described scraper plate and described adaptor, described adaptor be configured to have a plurality of apertures on it so that the battery fragment after being broken by and drop out and be not broken completely that the battery fragment is taken up by described a plurality of quartering hammers and be further broken from described discharging opening; With
It is outer so that described crushing mechanism is driven that broken drive unit, described broken drive unit are located at described disintegrating machine casing.
4. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described scraper plate comprises:
The first scraper plate, the upper end of described the first scraper plate are connected on the inwall of described disintegrating machine casing and the lower end slopes inwardly; With
The second scraper plate, described the second scraper plate are fixed on the inwall of described disintegrating machine casing and with described the first scraper plate and are oppositely arranged;
Serrated portion on wherein said the first scraper plate and the second scraper plate not along its length direction extend and the sawtooth direction all towards described rotating part.
5. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 3 is characterized in that, each described quartering hammer comprises:
Hammer body, an end of described hammer body is connected on the described rotating part;
Foot, described foot are located on the other end of described hammer body and along clockwise direction extends.
6. each described treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator is characterized in that according to claim 3-5, and described disintegrating machine casing comprises:
Upper box and lower box connect by flange between described upper box and the lower box, and the bottom of the pivot of described rotating part and described upper box are positioned on the same level line.
7. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 2 is characterized in that, limits crooked feeding-passage in the described feed hopper, and has sound-absorbing material around the described feeding-passage.
8. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described disintegrating apparatus further comprises crusher frame, and described crusher frame is located at the bottom of described disintegrating machine casing.
9. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described conveying equipment comprises:
The first delivery chute, described the first delivery chute is located at described disintegrating machine casing below and inside has the first transfer passage, and described the first transfer passage has first and carries entrance and first to carry outlet and described first to carry entrance corresponding to receive the battery fragment up and down with the discharging opening of described disintegrating apparatus;
The first conveying assembly, described the first conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by described first from the described first battery fragment of carrying entrance to enter in described the first transfer passage.
10. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 9 is characterized in that, described the first conveying assembly comprises:
The first screw rod, described the first screw rod are rotatably along exporting so that described battery fragment is conveyed into confession to described the first conveying from described first in described the first transfer passage of axially being located at of described the first delivery chute; With
Be used for driving the first driving device for slow-run of described the first screw rod.
11. according to claim 9 or 10 described treatment systems for waste and old lead acid accumulator, it is characterized in that described the first delivery chute comprises:
The groove body, the open-top of described groove body; With
Cover cap, described cover cap are located at the top and described first of described groove body and carry entrance to be limited by the top of described cover cap and described groove body.
12. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 11 is characterized in that, the cross section of described groove body be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
13. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described waterpower screening installation comprises:
The sorting body, has the sorting space in the described sorting body for separating of going out lead grid, moulding shell and lead plaster, the top of described sorting body has the sorting charging aperture, and have sorting inlet and sorting liquid outlet on the relative side of described sorting body first end, wherein the height of sorting inlet is not less than the height of described sorting liquid outlet, and the bottom in described sorting space is inclined upwardly gradually;
The second delivery chute, described the second delivery chute is located at the bottom in described sorting space and is connected with described sorting space, described the second delivery chute inside has the second transfer passage, described the second transfer passage has second and carries entrance, second to carry outlet and sorting exhaust outlet, and described second carries entrance corresponding with described sorting charging aperture;
The second conveying assembly, described the second conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by second successively from the described second lead grid of carrying entrance to enter in described the second transfer passage.
14. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 13, it is characterized in that, the top of described sorting body and described the second delivery chute is all opened wide and by the sealing of sorting lid, wherein said sorting charging aperture and described sorting inlet all are located on the described sorting lid.
15. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 13 is characterized in that, described the second conveying assembly comprises:
The second screw rod, described the second screw rod are rotatably along exporting so that described battery fragment is conveyed into confession to described the second conveying from described second in described the second transfer passage of axially being located at of described the second delivery chute; With
Be used for driving the second driving device for slow-run of described screw rod.
16. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 13 is characterized in that, the cross section of described the second transfer passage be circular or the limit number greater than the regular polygon on four limits.
17. each described treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator is characterized in that according to claim 13-16, described waterpower screening installation further comprises a plurality of sorting supports, and described a plurality of sorting stent support are in the bottom of described sorting body.
18. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described gap bridge separate optional equipment comprises:
Gap bridge sorting casing, has gap bridge sorting chamber in the described gap bridge sorting casing, the top of described gap bridge sorting chamber has gap bridge charging aperture and gap bridge separate gather gas port, and the bottom has the lead plaster discharging opening and moulds shell outlet, wherein said lead plaster discharging opening is located at the first end of described gap bridge sorting casing and in the contiguous described gap bridge charging aperture setting of the direction vertical with described gap bridge sorting casing length direction, moulds the second end that shell outlet is located at described gap bridge sorting casing;
The first screen cloth, described the first screen cloth are located in the described gap bridge sorting chamber and are configured to which is provided with the first sieve aperture and can make described lead plaster by leaching the described shell of moulding;
The the first screen cloth transmission device that is connected with described the first screen cloth; With
Be used for driving the first screen cloth drive unit of described the first screen cloth transmission device.
19. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 18 is characterized in that, described gap bridge separate optional equipment further comprises:
Spray equipment, described spray equipment are located to place with impact for ejection acid pickle in described gap bridge sorting chamber moulds shell and lead plaster on described the first screen cloth.
20. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 19 is characterized in that, described spray equipment comprises:
The spray body, described spray body is located at the upper surface of described gap bridge sorting casing; And
Mouth spray, described mouth spray and the bottom of described spray body are connected and are located at the top of described gap bridge sorting chamber.
21. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 19, it is characterized in that, described gap bridge separate optional equipment further comprises the feed chute, and described feed chute links to each other to feed shell and the lead plaster moulded to be separated in described gap bridge sorting chamber with described gap bridge charging aperture.
22. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described lead plaster separation equipment comprises:
The lead plaster separating tank, limit the lead plaster split cavity in the described lead plaster separating tank, and the top of the first end of described lead plaster split cavity has the lead plaster feeding mouth and the bottom of the second end has plumbous mud discharging opening, and the top of described lead plaster split cavity has lead plaster separation off gas mouth and side and has lead plaster and separate liquid outlet;
The second screen cloth, described the second screen cloth are located in the described lead plaster split cavity that lead plaster is transported to the second end from first end, described the second screen cloth and be configured to have on it the second sieve aperture and can leach described lead plaster;
The the second screen cloth transmission device that is connected with described the second screen cloth; With
Be used for driving the second screen cloth drive unit of described the second screen cloth transmission device.
23. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 22 is characterized in that the bottom of described lead plaster separating tank is inclined upwardly to the second end gradually from first end, and the bottom of described the second screen cloth and described lead plaster separating tank be arranged in parallel.
24. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 22 is characterized in that, described lead plaster separation equipment further comprises a plurality of lead plaster separating supports, and described a plurality of lead plaster separating supports are supported on the bottom of described lead plaster separating tank.
25. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described shell separation equipment of moulding comprises:
Mould the shell separating tank, described mould to limit in the shell separating tank mould the shell split cavity, described top of moulding the shell split cavity is provided with moulds the shell feeding mouth and the bottom is inclined upwardly gradually, and described moulding is loaded with water and is used for the bakelite of density greater than water separated with the polypropylene of density less than water with plastics in the shell split cavity;
The heavy delivery chute, described heavy delivery chute is located at described bottom of moulding the shell separating tank, have the 3rd transfer passage in the described heavy delivery chute to receive isolated density greater than bakelite and the plastics of water, described the 3rd transfer passage has the 3rd and carries entrance and the 3rd to carry outlet;
The 3rd conveying assembly, described the 3rd conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by the described the 3rd from the described the 3rd bakelite and the plastics of carrying entrance to enter in described the 3rd transfer passage;
The lightweight delivery chute, has the 4th transfer passage in the described lightweight delivery chute, described the 4th transfer passage has the 4th and carries entrance and the 4th to carry outlet, and the wherein said the 4th carries entrance to be connected to receive isolated described polypropylene with the described shell split cavity of moulding;
The 4th conveying assembly, described the 4th conveying assembly are used for and will will carry outlet to discharge by the described the 4th from the described the 4th polypropylene of carrying entrance to enter in described the 4th transfer passage.
26. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 25 is characterized in that, described the 3rd conveying assembly comprises:
The 3rd screw rod, described the 3rd screw rod are rotatably along described the 3rd conveying of axially being located at of described the 3rd delivery chute
Passage is interior so that the described shell of moulding is conveyed into confession to described the 3rd conveying outlet from the described the 3rd; With
Be used for driving the triple helical drive unit of described screw rod;
Described the 4th conveying assembly comprises:
The 4th screw rod, described the 4th screw rod are rotatably along described the 4th conveying of axially being located at of described the 4th delivery chute
Passage is interior so that the described shell of moulding is conveyed into confession to described the 4th conveying outlet from the described the 4th; With
Be used for driving the 4th driving device for slow-run of described screw rod.
27. according to claim 25 or 26 described treatment systems for waste and old lead acid accumulator, it is characterized in that the described shell separation equipment of moulding further comprises:
At least one rake device, described at least one rake device are located at the described the 4th and carry entrance and described moulding between the shell split cavity to carry in the entrance isolated polypropylene is pushed into the 4th.
28. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 27 is characterized in that, each described rake device includes:
Pivot, described pivot is parallel with the length direction of described lightweight delivery chute and be located at pivotly the described the 4th and carry entrance and described moulding between the shell split cavity;
Be used for driving the described pivotally supported target drive unit that turns; With
A plurality of rake bodies, described a plurality of rake bodies are located on the described pivot with being arranged in order and promote described polypropylene with the rotation along with described pivot.
29. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 25 is characterized in that, the described shell separation equipment of moulding further comprises be used to supporting described a plurality of shell separating supports of moulding of moulding the shell separating tank.
30. the treatment system for waste and old lead acid accumulator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, further comprise gas processing device, described gas processing device absorbs described disintegrating apparatus, waterpower screening installation, gap bridge separate optional equipment, lead plaster separation equipment and moulds waste gas and the lead dust of discharging in the shell separation equipment.
CN2012202092540U 2012-05-10 2012-05-10 Treatment system for waste lead-acid batteries Expired - Fee Related CN202737059U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103390781A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Treatment system and treatment method for waste lead-acid batteries
CN103490115A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-01-01 浙江天能电源材料有限公司 Storage battery recovery and separation system
CN104984977A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-10-21 湖南江冶机电科技股份有限公司 Preliminary breaking device for complex lead-acid accumulator
CN109065994A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-21 武汉科技大学 A kind of battery remanufactures disassembly, cleaning separation system

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103390781A (en) * 2012-05-10 2013-11-13 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Treatment system and treatment method for waste lead-acid batteries
CN103390781B (en) * 2012-05-10 2016-05-04 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 For treatment system and the processing method of waste and old lead acid accumulator
CN103490115A (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-01-01 浙江天能电源材料有限公司 Storage battery recovery and separation system
CN103490115B (en) * 2013-09-02 2015-08-12 浙江天能电源材料有限公司 A kind of Battery recycling piece-rate system
CN104984977A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-10-21 湖南江冶机电科技股份有限公司 Preliminary breaking device for complex lead-acid accumulator
CN104984977B (en) * 2015-05-27 2017-01-25 湖南江冶机电科技股份有限公司 Preliminary breaking device for complex lead-acid accumulator
CN109065994A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-21 武汉科技大学 A kind of battery remanufactures disassembly, cleaning separation system
CN109065994B (en) * 2018-07-26 2021-02-19 武汉科技大学 Cleaning and sorting system for remanufacturing, disassembling and cleaning storage battery

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