CN202512440U - Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device - Google Patents

Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202512440U
CN202512440U CN2012200508161U CN201220050816U CN202512440U CN 202512440 U CN202512440 U CN 202512440U CN 2012200508161 U CN2012200508161 U CN 2012200508161U CN 201220050816 U CN201220050816 U CN 201220050816U CN 202512440 U CN202512440 U CN 202512440U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
adjusting gear
battery panel
screw rod
elevation angle
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2012200508161U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李应生
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Huanghuai University
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Huanghuai University
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Priority to CN2012200508161U priority Critical patent/CN202512440U/en
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Publication of CN202512440U publication Critical patent/CN202512440U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model provides a partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device, which comprises a photovoltaic panel, a photovoltaic panel supporting frame used for installing the photovoltaic panel, a support bearing installed on the photovoltaic panel supporting frame, a photovoltaic panel supporting shaft sleeved in the supporting bearing, an elevation angle regulating device I, an elevation angle regulating device II and an azimuth angle regulating device. A two-degree-of-freedom spatial parallel mechanism is formed by the elevation angle regulating device I, the elevation angle regulating device II and the azimuth angle regulating device to automatically track the azimuth angle and the elevation angel of sunlight, so that the luminous intensity of the photovoltaic panel is always kept in a highest state, and an electromechanical control system is in an electricity-saving state to save electric energy after the luminous intensity of the photovoltaic panel is regulated to be in the highest state. The tracking device has the advantages of high rigidity, light weight, simple manufacture, high accuracy and low energy consumption.

Description

Partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device
Technical field
The utility model relates to the solar energy power generating field, specifically, has related to a kind of partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device.
Background technology
Through experiment test, adopting the photovoltaic battery panel whole day of fixed-direction is 1000W/m in intensity of illumination 2Working time have only about 3 hours, generated energy is very low, is 1000W/m and adopt the solar panel whole day of solar energy photovoltaic generating automatic tracking system in intensity of illumination 2The above working time can reach more than 6 hours, and generated output can increase by 50%.
In existing photovoltaic generating automatic tracking system, elevation angle is associated with the position angle or two-dimensional tracking mechanism independently, can know have multiple follower to belong to series-mode frame from the structure composition analysis.In the generating tracing process of series-mode frame; Following the tracks of the weight of the drive system of an angle direction must be born by the terminal drive unit of following the tracks of another angle direction; This will cause the increase of not holding drive unit power and volume, thereby causes the waste of the material and the energy.
In order to solve the problem of above existence, people are seeking a kind of desirable technical solution always.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is the deficiency to prior art, thereby the partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device that a kind of rigidity is high, in light weight, manufacturing is simple, precision is high and energy consumption is low is provided.
To achieve these goals; The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: a kind of partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device, and it comprises photovoltaic battery panel, is used for installing the photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame of said photovoltaic battery panel, is installed in the spring bearing on the said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame, the photovoltaic battery panel back shaft that is sleeved on said spring bearing, elevation angle adjusting gear I, elevation angle adjusting gear II and position angle adjusting gear; Wherein, said position angle adjusting gear includes first adjusting gear, position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest and ground frame; Said elevation angle adjusting gear I includes the fixed support and second adjusting gear; Said elevation angle adjusting gear II includes hold-down support and elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest, lives with said hold-down support and be connected in the lower end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest; Said adjusting gear comprises screw rod, is with the gear in silk hole, is sheathed on gear stop means, the drive motor on the said screw rod and is installed in the transmission gear in the said drive motor rotating shaft; Said gear set is on said screw rod; Said transmission gear and said gearing mesh, said gear are arranged in the said gear stop means; Live with said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame one side and be connected in the screw rod upper end of said first adjusting gear; The gear stop means of said first adjusting gear and drive motor are separately fixed on the said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest, and said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest is lived with said ground frame and is connected; The gear stop means of said second adjusting gear and drive motor are separately fixed on the said fixed support; The upper end of travel(l)ing rest and alive connection of screw rod upper end of said second adjusting gear are adjusted with said elevation angle respectively in the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft.
Based on above-mentioned, said gear stop means comprises two thrust bearings, and said gear is arranged between two said thrust bearings.
Based on above-mentioned, the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft connect the upper end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest and the screw rod upper end of said second adjusting gear through runner assembly respectively; The lower end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest connects said hold-down support through runner assembly.
Based on above-mentioned, the screw rod of said first adjusting gear upper end connects said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame one side through spherical bearing; Said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest connects said ground frame through spherical bearing.
Based on above-mentioned, the axis of said drive motor and the parallel axes of said screw rod; The axis normal of the runner assembly of the screw rod upper end of the axis of the screw rod of said second adjusting gear and said second adjusting gear; The axis normal of the axis of the runner assembly at the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft and said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft.
The relative prior art of the utility model has substantive distinguishing features and progress; Specifically; The utility model is formed position angle and the elevation angle of a two freedom space parallel mechanism from the motion tracking sunshine through elevation angle adjusting gear I, elevation angle adjusting gear II and position angle adjusting gear; Thereby make the intensity of illumination of photovoltaic battery panel be in maximum rating constantly; After the intensity of illumination of adjustment photovoltaic battery panel was in maximum rating, Mechatronic control system can get into electricity-saving state, with the loss of saves energy; This tracking means have the rigidity height, in light weight, make simple, precision is high and advantage of low energy consumption, and can under the basis that guarantees tracking accuracy, reduce and follow the tracks of energy consumption.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
Embodiment
Through embodiment, the technical scheme of the utility model is done further detailed description below.
As shown in Figure 1; A kind of partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device, photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2, two that it comprises photovoltaic battery panel 1, be used for installing said photovoltaic battery panel 1 are installed in the spring bearing 3 on the said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2, the photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 that is sleeved on said spring bearing 3, elevation angle adjusting gear I, elevation angle adjusting gear II and position angle adjusting gear respectively; Said position angle adjusting gear includes first adjusting gear 5, position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6 and ground frame 7; Said elevation angle adjusting gear I includes the fixed support 8 and second adjusting gear 9; Said elevation angle adjusting gear II includes hold-down support 10 and elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 11.
Said adjusting gear comprises screw rod 12, is with the gear 14 in silk hole, is sheathed on gear stop means 15, the drive motor 13 on the said screw rod 12 and is installed in the transmission gear 16 in said drive motor 13 rotating shafts; Said gear 14 is sleeved on the said screw rod 12; Said gear stop means 15 comprises two thrust bearings; Said transmission gear 16 and said gear 14 engagements, said gear 14 is arranged between two said thrust bearings, like this; The running of said drive motor 13 can drive the rotation of said gear 14, and then said screw rod 12 is moved up and down.
The screw rod upper end of said first adjusting gear 5 connects said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2 one sides through spherical bearing; The gear stop means of said first adjusting gear 5 connects said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6; Said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6 connects said ground frame 7 through spherical bearing; Be used to support said first adjusting gear 5, in order further to optimize support effect, said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6 also connects the drive motor of said first adjusting gear 5; Said second adjusting gear 9 is installed on the said fixed support 8 through its gear stop means, and the drive motor of said second adjusting gear 9 is fixed in ground; The lower end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 11 connects said hold-down support 10 through runner assembly; The two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 connect the upper end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 11 and the screw rod upper end of said second adjusting gear 9 through runner assembly respectively;
Said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2 can rotate around said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4; When the drive motor energising of said first adjusting gear 5 drives the gear of said first adjusting gear 5; The mobile of the screw rod of said first adjusting gear 5 can drive said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2 around said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 rotations; Thereby change position angle; Simultaneously, the axis of the screw rod of the axis of the drive motor of said first adjusting gear 5 of said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6 meeting maintenances and said first adjusting gear 5 and the axis normal of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4.Said photovoltaic panel back shaft 4 can rotate around the axis of the runner assembly at its two ends, when the screw rod of said second adjusting gear 9 moves up and down, can change the degree of tilt of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4, also promptly changes elevation angle.
During concrete the installation; The axis of said drive motor 13 will with the parallel axes of said screw rod 12; The axis normal of the runner assembly of the screw rod upper end of the axis of the screw rod of said second adjusting gear 9 and said second adjusting gear 9; The axis of the runner assembly at the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 must with the axis normal of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4, thereby make this tracker can only to adjust two degree of freedom of elevation angle and position angle, guaranteed the degree of accuracy of adjustment.
Said elevation angle adjusting gear I, said elevation angle adjusting gear II and said position angle adjusting gear have been formed a two freedom space parallel mechanism; Can be through controlling this two freedom space parallel mechanism from the position angle and the elevation angle of motion tracking sunshine, control procedure is following:
The drive motor of the drive motor of said first adjusting gear 5 and said second adjusting gear 9 is the junctor electric control system respectively; When The sun came up in the morning, intensity of illumination reaches setting, when the voltage of said photovoltaic battery panel 1 output reaches the WV of said Mechatronic control system; The single-chip microcomputer of said Mechatronic control system is the drive motor outage of said second adjusting gear 9 of control earlier; At this moment, the screw rod of said second adjusting gear 9 is fixed, and elevation angle remains unchanged.
Then; The gear that drives said first adjusting gear 5 is rotated in the drive motor energising of said first adjusting gear 5 of said Single-chip Controlling; Then under the acting in conjunction of said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest 6 and said ground frame 7; The screw rod of said first adjusting gear 5 promotes said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame 2 and drives said photovoltaic battery panel 1 around said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 rotations, thus the adjustment position angle.When the intensity of illumination on the said photovoltaic battery panel 1 reaches maximal value, the outage of the drive motor of said first adjusting gear 5 of said Single-chip Controlling, the fixed position angle that makes of the screw rod of said first adjusting gear 5 remains unchanged.
Then; The gear that drives said second adjusting gear 9 is rotated in the drive motor energising of said second adjusting gear 9 of said Single-chip Controlling; The said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 of the mobile promotion of the screw rod of said second adjusting gear 9 rotates around the axis of the runner assembly at said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft 4 two ends; Thereby the adjustment elevation angle makes the intensity of illumination on the said photovoltaic battery panel 1 reach maximal value.
Said Mechatronic control system repeats above-mentioned adjustment process and gets into electricity-saving state after two cycles; Per 5 to 10 minutes 3 cycles of work; Thereby realize to sunshine position angle and elevation angle from motion tracking, keep the intensity of illumination of said photovoltaic battery panel 1 to be in maximum rating.The sun sets when afternoon, and intensity of illumination is less than setting, and when the voltage of said photovoltaic battery panel 1 output can not reach the WV of said Mechatronic control system, then said Mechatronic control system quit work, and got into dormant state, with saves energy.By above visible, this tracking means have the rigidity height, in light weight, make simple, precision is high and advantage of low energy consumption, under the situation that guarantees tracking accuracy, has reduced the tracking energy consumption.
The tracing process of this autotracker has the characteristic of PDE and finds the solution characteristic, so be called partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device.In the tracking accuracy of carrying out partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device different structure size and different control circuits and after following the tracks of the energy consumption comparative studies; Specifically design the mechanical part and the circuit of partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device again; And then work out the circuit control program of said single-chip microcomputer, thereby develop partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device model machine.
Should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to the explanation the utility model technical scheme but not to its restriction; Although with reference to preferred embodiment the utility model has been carried out detailed explanation, the those of ordinary skill in affiliated field is to be understood that: still can make amendment to the embodiment of the utility model perhaps is equal to replacement to the part technical characterictic; And not breaking away from the spirit of the utility model technical scheme, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the technical scheme scope that the utility model asks for protection.

Claims (5)

1. partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device, it is characterized in that: it comprises photovoltaic battery panel, is used for installing the photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame of said photovoltaic battery panel, is installed in the spring bearing on the said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame, the photovoltaic battery panel back shaft that is sleeved on said spring bearing, elevation angle adjusting gear I, elevation angle adjusting gear II and position angle adjusting gear; Wherein, said position angle adjusting gear includes first adjusting gear, position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest and ground frame; Said elevation angle adjusting gear I includes the fixed support and second adjusting gear; Said elevation angle adjusting gear II includes hold-down support and elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest, lives with said hold-down support and be connected in the lower end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest; Said adjusting gear comprises screw rod, is with the gear in silk hole, is sheathed on gear stop means, the drive motor on the said screw rod and is installed in the transmission gear in the said drive motor rotating shaft; Said gear set is on said screw rod; Said transmission gear and said gearing mesh, said gear are arranged in the said gear stop means; Live with said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame one side and be connected in the screw rod upper end of said first adjusting gear; The gear stop means of said first adjusting gear and drive motor are separately fixed on the said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest, and said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest is lived with said ground frame and is connected; The gear stop means of said second adjusting gear and drive motor are separately fixed on the said fixed support; The upper end of travel(l)ing rest and alive connection of screw rod upper end of said second adjusting gear are adjusted with said elevation angle respectively in the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft.
2. partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said gear stop means comprises two thrust bearings, said gear is arranged between two said thrust bearings.
3. partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft connect the upper end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest and the screw rod upper end of said second adjusting gear through runner assembly respectively; The lower end of said elevation angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest connects said hold-down support through runner assembly.
4. partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the screw rod upper end of said first adjusting gear connects said photovoltaic battery panel bracing frame one side through spherical bearing; Said position angle adjustment travel(l)ing rest connects said ground frame through spherical bearing.
5. partial differential type photovoltaic generating automatic tracking device according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the axis of said drive motor and the parallel axes of said screw rod; The axis normal of the runner assembly of the screw rod upper end of the axis of the screw rod of said second adjusting gear and said second adjusting gear; The axis normal of the axis of the runner assembly at the two ends of said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft and said photovoltaic battery panel back shaft.
CN2012200508161U 2012-02-17 2012-02-17 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device Withdrawn - After Issue CN202512440U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200508161U CN202512440U (en) 2012-02-17 2012-02-17 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200508161U CN202512440U (en) 2012-02-17 2012-02-17 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202512440U true CN202512440U (en) 2012-10-31

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CN2012200508161U Withdrawn - After Issue CN202512440U (en) 2012-02-17 2012-02-17 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102541078A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-04 黄淮学院 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device
CN104362946A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-18 浦江县杰浩进出口有限公司 System for installing multiple solar panels with steel structure framework body comprising wind barrier

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102541078A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-04 黄淮学院 Partial differential type photovoltaic power generation automatic tracking device
CN104362946A (en) * 2014-10-17 2015-02-18 浦江县杰浩进出口有限公司 System for installing multiple solar panels with steel structure framework body comprising wind barrier

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RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20121031

Effective date of abandoning: 20130731