CN202498418U - Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder - Google Patents

Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202498418U
CN202498418U CN2012200009360U CN201220000936U CN202498418U CN 202498418 U CN202498418 U CN 202498418U CN 2012200009360 U CN2012200009360 U CN 2012200009360U CN 201220000936 U CN201220000936 U CN 201220000936U CN 202498418 U CN202498418 U CN 202498418U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bin
stepping
blank
reclaimer robot
grinding
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN2012200009360U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙远见
李毅
韩永旺
邱风雷
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Wuxi Machine Tools Co Ltd
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Wuxi Machine Tools Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxi Machine Tools Co Ltd filed Critical Wuxi Machine Tools Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012200009360U priority Critical patent/CN202498418U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202498418U publication Critical patent/CN202498418U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic feeding and discharging system of a grinding eccentric shaft of a centerless grinder, which improves the production automation of the eccentric shaft, increases the production efficiency, reduces the labor intensity of workers and reduces the potential safety hazards caused by the fatigue of workers. The automatic feeding and discharging system comprises a feeder and a grinding area of the centerless grinder. An abrasion wheel and a guide wheel are arranged in the grinding area. The automatic feeding and discharging system is characterized in that the feeder comprises a stepping feeder and a gantry feeder. The stepping feeder is connected with a blank area and a finished product area. A fetching mechanical hand capable of vertically moving is arranged on the gantry feeder and is positioned on the tail end of the blank area. The running track of the gantry feeder is a horizontal straight line between the stepping feeder and the grinding area. A V-shaped bracket is arranged on the outer end surface of a conveyor belt of the stepping feeder. The conveyor belt is driven by a speed reduction motor. A blank workpiece is arranged in a V-shaped groove of the V-shaped bracket. A lifting motor is in drive connection with the upper part of the fetching mechanical hand.

Description

A kind of automatic loading and unloading system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder
Technical field
The utility model relates to the systems technology field of the loading and unloading of centerless grinder, is specially a kind of automatic loading and unloading system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder.
Background technology
Eccentric shaft is a major part of compressor of air conditioner; Market demand is very big; And the centerless grinder of the air conditioner compressed eccentric drive shaft of existing processing all adopts manual or semi-automatic loading and unloading to accomplish, and efficient is low, and labor strength is big; Fatiguability causes the generation potential safety hazard, therefore improve eccentric shaft production automaticity, to enhance productivity be an urgent demand of each relevant producer.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above; The utility model provides a kind of automatic loading and unloading system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder; It has improved the production automation degree of eccentric shaft, enhances productivity, reduces working strength of workers, has reduced the tired potential safety hazard that produces because of the workman.
A kind of automatic loading and unloading system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder; Its technical scheme is such: it comprises the grinding area of bin, centerless grinder, is furnished with emery wheel, guide wheel in the said grinding area, it is characterized in that: said bin comprises stepping bin, gantry bin; Said stepping bin connects blank district and finished product district; Said gantry bin is provided with vertical reclaimer robot to motion, and said reclaimer robot is positioned at the end in said blank district, and the running orbit of said gantry bin is the horizontal linear between said stepping bin and the said grinding area; The outer face of the conveyer belt of said stepping bin is provided with the V-type carriage; Said conveyer belt drives through reducing motor, and the blank workpiece is positioned at the V-type groove of said V-type carriage, and lifting motor drives and connects said reclaimer robot top; Said reclaimer robot is installed in the horizontal linear guide rail of gantry bin base plate; Said reclaimer robot is provided with the attaching nut, and said attaching nut is set in ball screw, and the input of said ball screw connects reciprocating motor.
It is further characterized in that: the bottom of said reclaimer robot is provided with material hook seat; The both sides, lower end of said material hook seat are respectively arranged with regulates material hook, positioning material hook; The middle part of said material hook seat is provided with the preservative pawl; The bottom of said adjusting material hook is provided with top binder block, central part material blocking block, bottom V-type hopper; The two ends of workpiece are mounted on the inner face of said positioning material hook, the inner face of central part material blocking block respectively; The integral part of said reclaimer robot is installed in the up-down line slideway of reclaimer robot fixed head, and a vertical side of the integral part of said reclaimer robot is provided with rack-and-pinion, and said lifting motor connects the gear of said rack-and-pinion;
Said gantry bin is supported on column; Be fastenedly connected with the attaching nut on the fixed head of said reclaimer robot; Said attaching nut is set in ball screw, and the input of said ball screw connects reciprocating motor, and the motor cabinet of said reciprocating motor is fastenedly connected said gantry bin base plate;
The top, blank district of said stepping bin is provided with the empty sense switch of material, blank direction detection switch; The empty sense switch of said material detects on the said V-type carriage whether material is arranged, and does not have and expects then sender; Whether the blank bent axle that said blank direction detection switch detects the blank district oppositely is emitted on the said V-type carriage of said conveyer belt;
The side near the blank district that material level puts of getting that said stepping bin is positioned at reclaimer robot is provided with the transmission speed reducing switch, and said transmission speed reducing switch detects the blank bent axle that is about to get into the material grasping district, with the conveyer belt transfer rate by switching to low speed at a high speed;
Said stepping bin be positioned at reclaimer robot get that material level puts under be provided with transmission position-sensing switch towards the V-type groove of said V-type carriage, the said V-type carriage of said transmission position-sensing switch induction metal is guaranteed the location;
The end in the finished product district of said stepping materials and parts is provided with the full sense switch of material, and the full sense switch of said material detects on the bin whether arrange full bent axle.
After adopting the said structure of the utility model, through the material level of getting of stepping bin conveying blank to blank district end, the reclaimer robot blank that the blank district is terminal grasps; Afterwards the stepping bin stop to carry, reclaimer robot drives blank and drives vertical lifting through lifting motor, the reciprocating motor of gantry bin drives reclaimer robot and moves to anteposition; The lifting motor rotation drives reclaimer robot and descends, and makes blank arrive grinding area, and guide wheel, emery wheel cooperate accomplishes grinding; The lifting motor rotation drove the finished product rising after grinding finished, and reciprocating motor drives reclaimer robot and moves to the position, back, and lifting motor rotation drive finished product descends; To getting material level, the reducing motor on the stepping bin rotates, and falls finished product and is transplanted in the finished product material discharge region; Simultaneously next lattice blank is transplanted on and gets material level, program gets into recurrent state, and it has improved the production automation degree of eccentric shaft; Enhance productivity, reduce working strength of workers, reduced the tired potential safety hazard that produces because of the workman.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the plane arrangement structure sketch map of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the stepping bin of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is gantry bin of the utility model and the mounting structure sketch map of reclaimer robot;
Fig. 4 is the operation principle schematic block diagram of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the grinding area that it comprises bin, centerless grinder 1 is furnished with emery wheel 2, guide wheel 3 in the grinding area; Bin comprises stepping bin 4, gantry bin 5, and stepping bin 4 connects blank district and finished product district, and gantry bin 5 is provided with vertically to the reclaimer robot 6 that moves; Reclaimer robot 6 is positioned at the end in blank district; The running orbit of gantry bin 5 is the horizontal linear between stepping bin 4 and the grinding area, and the outer face of the conveyer belt 7 of stepping bin 4 is provided with V-type carriage 8, and conveyer belt 7 drives through reducing motor 9; The blank workpiece is positioned at the V-type groove 10 of V-type carriage 8; Lifting motor 11 drives and connects reclaimer robot 6 tops, and reclaimer robot 6 is installed in the horizontal linear guide rail 32 of gantry bin base plate 12, and reclaimer robot 6 is provided with attaching nut 13; Attaching nut 13 is set in ball screw 14, and the input of ball screw 14 connects reciprocating motor 15.Lifting motor 11 is specially the servomotor of charged magnetic brake, even elevating mechanism outage suddenly in high-speed motion, electromagnetic brake can guarantee that also bent axle can be not out of control fall, and life and machine accident take place; Conveyer belt 7 is dragged by reducing motor 9, can carry out high low speed during rotation and switch, and high low speed all can be realized stepless speed regulation according to the processing beat; Reciprocating motor 15 is specially servomotor.
The bottom of reclaimer robot 6 is provided with material hook seat 16; The both sides, lower end of material hook seat 16 are respectively arranged with regulates material hook 17, positioning material hook 18; The middle part of material hook seat 16 is provided with preservative pawl 19; The bottom of regulating material hook 17 is provided with top binder block 20, central part material blocking block 21, bottom V-type hopper 22, and the two ends of workpiece are mounted on the inner face of positioning material hook 18, the inner face of central part material blocking block 21 respectively, and the integral part of reclaimer robot 6 is installed in the up-down line slideway 24 of reclaimer robot fixed head 23; A vertical side of the integral part of reclaimer robot 6 is provided with rack-and-pinion 25, the gear of lifting motor 11 connection gear tooth bars secondary 25;
Gantry bin 5 is supported on column 26; Be fastenedly connected with attaching nut 13 on the reclaimer robot fixed head 23; Attaching nut 13 is set in ball screw 14, and the input of ball screw 14 connects reciprocating motor 15, and the motor cabinet of reciprocating motor 15 is fastenedly connected gantry bin base plate 12;
Top, the blank district of stepping bin 4 is provided with the empty sense switch of material 27, blank direction detection switch 28; Expect that empty sense switch 27 detects on the V-type carriage 8 whether material is arranged, and does not have and expects then sender; Blank direction detection switch 28: whether the blank bent axle of being responsible for detection blank district oppositely is emitted on the V-type carriage 8 of conveyer belt.Because the blank bent axle of reverse discharging is transported to the lathe grinding area by material grabbing mechanism and carries out grinding, life and machine accident will take place, firmly to avoid.So in case detect the blank bent axle of reverse discharging on the V-type carriage 8, system stops to transmit automatically, the flicker of red alarm lamp, the lathe buzzer gives the alarm;
The side near the blank district that material level puts of getting that stepping bin 4 is positioned at reclaimer robot 6 is provided with and transmits speed reducing switch 29; The effect that transmits speed reducing switch 29 is to be responsible for detecting the blank bent axle that is about to get into the material grasping district, and the conveyer belt transfer rate by switching to low speed at a high speed, is beneficial to the resetting of blank bent axle in getting material level on the V-type carriage 8;
Stepping bin 4 be positioned at reclaimer robot 6 get material level under be provided with transmission position-sensing switch 30 towards the V-type groove 10 of V-type carriage 8; Transmit position-sensing switch 30: be used to respond to metal V-type carriage 8,,, also need not from new adjustment even change the bent axle of different size because the induction zone of V-type carriage 8 is fixed to the centre distance of bent axle.Select here that to answer gap to leave little of switch for use, the crank position error of guaranteeing at every turn to be parked in the material grasping district is less than 0.2 millimeter;
The end in the finished product district of stepping materials and parts 4 is provided with the full sense switch 31 of material; The full sense switch 31 of material detects signal, explains and has arranged full bent axle on the bin, and system controls charging and discharging mechanism automatically and stops feeding, and the grinding main frame gets into holding state.
Its operation principle is following, sees Fig. 4:
1. the lifting motor rotation drives and regulates the material hook, the positioning material hook descends, to getting material level;
2. the reducing motor on the stepping bin rotates, and blank is transplanted on gets material level;
3. the lifting motor rotation drives the blank rising;
4. reciprocating motor drives reclaimer robot and moves to anteposition;
5. the lifting motor rotation drives and regulates the material hook, the positioning material hook descends, to grinding area;
6. guide wheel, emery wheel cooperate, and carry out grinding;
7. grinding finishes, and the lifting motor rotation drives finished product and rises;
8. reciprocating motor drives reclaimer robot and moves to the position, back;
9. the lifting motor rotation drives finished product decline, to getting material level;
Reducing motor on the stepping bin rotates, and finished product is transplanted in the finished product material discharge region, next lattice blank is transplanted on gets material level simultaneously, and program gets into recurrent state.

Claims (7)

1. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a centerless grinder, it comprises the grinding area of bin, centerless grinder, is furnished with emery wheel, guide wheel in the said grinding area; It is characterized in that: said bin comprises stepping bin, gantry bin, and said stepping bin connects blank district and finished product district, and said gantry bin is provided with vertically to the reclaimer robot that moves; Said reclaimer robot is positioned at the end in said blank district; The running orbit of said gantry bin is the horizontal linear between said stepping bin and the said grinding area, and the outer face of the conveyer belt of said stepping bin is provided with the V-type carriage, and said conveyer belt drives through reducing motor; The blank workpiece is positioned at the V-type groove of said V-type carriage; Lifting motor drives and connects said reclaimer robot top, and said reclaimer robot is installed in the horizontal linear guide rail of gantry bin base plate, and said reclaimer robot is provided with the attaching nut; Said attaching nut is set in ball screw, and the input of said ball screw connects reciprocating motor.
2. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the bottom of said reclaimer robot is provided with material hook seat; The both sides, lower end of said material hook seat are respectively arranged with regulates material hook, positioning material hook; The middle part of said material hook seat is provided with the preservative pawl; The bottom of said adjusting material hook is provided with top binder block, central part material blocking block, bottom V-type hopper, and the two ends of workpiece are mounted on the inner face of said positioning material hook, the inner face of central part material blocking block respectively, and the integral part of said reclaimer robot is installed in the up-down line slideway of reclaimer robot fixed head; A vertical side of the integral part of said reclaimer robot is provided with rack-and-pinion, and said lifting motor connects the gear of said rack-and-pinion.
3. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1 and 2; It is characterized in that: said gantry bin is supported on column; Be fastenedly connected with the attaching nut on the fixed head of said reclaimer robot; Said attaching nut is set in ball screw, and the input of said ball screw connects reciprocating motor, and the motor cabinet of said reciprocating motor is fastenedly connected said gantry bin base plate.
4. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with the empty sense switch of material, blank direction detection switch above the blank district of said stepping bin; The empty sense switch of said material detects on the said V-type carriage whether material is arranged, and does not have and expects then sender; Whether the blank bent axle that said blank direction detection switch detects the blank district oppositely is emitted on the said V-type carriage of said conveyer belt.
5. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the side near the blank district that material level puts of getting that said stepping bin is positioned at reclaimer robot is provided with the transmission speed reducing switch; Said transmission speed reducing switch detects the blank bent axle that is about to get into the material grasping district, and the conveyer belt transfer rate is switched to low speed by high speed.
6. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said stepping bin be positioned at reclaimer robot get that material level puts under be provided with transmission position-sensing switch towards the V-type groove of said V-type carriage, the said V-type carriage of said transmission position-sensing switch induction metal is guaranteed the location.
7. the automatic loading and unloading system of the grinding eccentric shaft of a kind of centerless grinder according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the end in the finished product district of said stepping materials and parts is provided with the full sense switch of material, and the full sense switch of said material detects on the bin whether arrange full bent axle.
CN2012200009360U 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder Withdrawn - After Issue CN202498418U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200009360U CN202498418U (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200009360U CN202498418U (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202498418U true CN202498418U (en) 2012-10-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012200009360U Withdrawn - After Issue CN202498418U (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102528587A (en) * 2012-01-04 2012-07-04 无锡机床股份有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder
CN103639873A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-19 李东炬 Mechanical arm of universal grinder special for nuclear power bearing ring machining
CN103949944A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-07-30 无锡市飞象精密机床制造有限公司 Rack for centerless grinding machine
CN105081479A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-25 盐城秦川华兴机床有限公司 Efficient numerical-control gear grinding machine capable of realizing multi-point grinding and automatic centering

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102528587A (en) * 2012-01-04 2012-07-04 无锡机床股份有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder
CN102528587B (en) * 2012-01-04 2013-11-20 无锡机床股份有限公司 Automatic feeding and discharging system of grinding eccentric shaft of centerless grinder
CN103639873A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-03-19 李东炬 Mechanical arm of universal grinder special for nuclear power bearing ring machining
CN103639873B (en) * 2013-11-25 2016-01-20 李东炬 The mechanical arm of nuclear power bearing ring processing Special universal grinding machine
CN103949944A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-07-30 无锡市飞象精密机床制造有限公司 Rack for centerless grinding machine
CN105081479A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-11-25 盐城秦川华兴机床有限公司 Efficient numerical-control gear grinding machine capable of realizing multi-point grinding and automatic centering
CN105081479B (en) * 2015-09-08 2016-08-24 盐城秦川华兴机床有限公司 A kind of efficient numerically controlled gear grinding machines realizing many point grinding and automatic centering

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20121024

Effective date of abandoning: 20131120

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant