CN202425406U - Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas - Google Patents

Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN202425406U
CN202425406U CN2011204507394U CN201120450739U CN202425406U CN 202425406 U CN202425406 U CN 202425406U CN 2011204507394 U CN2011204507394 U CN 2011204507394U CN 201120450739 U CN201120450739 U CN 201120450739U CN 202425406 U CN202425406 U CN 202425406U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
area node
mcu
control module
node
main control
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011204507394U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李进
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Professional College of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Wuxi Professional College of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuxi Professional College of Science and Technology filed Critical Wuxi Professional College of Science and Technology
Priority to CN2011204507394U priority Critical patent/CN202425406U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202425406U publication Critical patent/CN202425406U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The utility model relates to an Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas. The control system wirelessly communicates and connects with a zone node via a Zigbee network, and the zone node is respectively connected with a soil temperature and humidity sensor and a spray irrigation terminal through circuits; a zone node MCU (microcontroller unit) singlechip minimum system can send a control command to the soil temperature and humidity sensor, read the measured data of the soil temperature and humidity sensor and battery power detection signals and carry out data exchange with a zone node wireless communication Zigbee module; after a master control module is electrified to operate, system self-test is carried out, and a user sets the humidity irrigation threshold value of each irrigated area or sends a forced control command to the zone control node on the master control module; after the zone control node is electrified to operate, system self-test and battery power detection are carried out, and after the values set by the user and read soil temperature and relative humidity are analyzed together, whether a spray electromagnetic valve needs to be opened for irrigation is decided. Implementation is simple, and the cost is low.

Description

Sub-district or villa based on technology of Internet of things are controlled system with automatic irrigation
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of automatic irrigation control system and control method, particularly a kind of sub-district or villa based on technology of Internet of things controlled system and method with automatic irrigation.
Background technology:
Sub-district or villa all will be planted some plants or flowers usually to play greening living environment, the purpose in beautify life space.But keep certain humidity and moisture in the soil that the plantation plants and flowers just must guarantee to plant, can not carry out the pouring of timely science to plant, will cause bad even withered the causing death of plant or flower nutrition like the grower.At present, what much sub-districts or private villa adopted mostly is manual irrigation method, but this kind mode exists like many drawbacks such as waste water resource, the labour intensity that increases irrigation, shortage irrigation science property.
Though also have individual cells or villa to adopt the automatic irrigation mode at present; But it is not enough below present automatic irrigation system exists: as 1, to adopt wired mode to control; So must be in the sub-district or pre-buried respective lines during the villa construction, system implements comparatively complicated, and cost is high; Power consumption is big, if sub-district of having built up or villa need transform the also very inconvenience of automatic irrigation mode as; 2, control mode is comparatively simple, is the humidity regulation irrigation water supply according to soil mostly, has ignored the influence of soil temperature to plants and flowers; 3, generally lack the property monitored, can't and then effectively manage in the running status of indoor monitoring system.
At present existing automated management system to greenhouse gardening is more complicated then, and each booth all will have independently calculator control, and it is big to expend cost, and control in real time need come artificial the participation through modes such as mobile phones, can not accomplish real automation.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of double soil moisture sensor and temperature sensor in one, but and controls system and method at the sub-district or the villa of indoor supervisory control system running state with automatic irrigation.
To achieve these goals, the utility model proposes following technical scheme realization:
Sub-district or villa based on technology of Internet of things are controlled system with automatic irrigation, irrigate the terminal by control system, Area Node, soil temperature and humidity sensor and spray and form; It is characterized in that: the control system is connected with the Area Node radio communication through the Zigbee network, and Area Node is irrigated the terminal with soil temperature and humidity sensor and spray respectively through circuit and is connected.
The control system comprises main control module MCU single-chip minimum system, main control module radio communication Zigbee module, push-button unit, display unit, temp. and humidity alarm unit and main control module system alarm unit; Wherein main control module radio communication Zigbee module adopts serial ports to link to each other with main control module MCU single-chip minimum system; Push-button unit, display unit, temp. and humidity alarm unit and main control module system alarm unit link to each other with the I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system respectively, and the control system is installed in Property Management of residence chamber or the villa switchgear house.
Area Node comprises Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system, Area Node radio communication Zigbee module, battery electric quantity detecting unit, shower valve control module and Area Node system alarm unit; Wherein Area Node radio communication Zigbee module adopts serial ports to link to each other with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system; Battery electric quantity detecting unit, shower valve control module and Area Node system alarm unit link to each other with the I/O mouth of Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system respectively.
In the described control system in main control module MCU single-chip minimum system and the Area Node Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system form by MCU single-chip microcomputer, crystal oscillator and reset unit.
Described control system adopts DC power supply.
Described Area Node adopts powered battery.
Described soil temperature and humidity sensor is connected with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system in the Area Node.
Described main control module MCU single-chip microcomputer adopts the Atmega16-16ac single-chip microcomputer of atmel corp.
Described soil temperature and humidity detecting sensor adopts commercially available SHT10 single-chip digital temp. and humidity integrated sensor.
The soluble technical problem of the utility model is:
1, little to sub-district or villa automatic irrigation system overlay area; To data transmission rate and less demanding these characteristics of volume of transmitted data,, adopt the Zigbee wireless communication standard based on the radio sensing network technology; The MANET mode is communicated by letter; Accomplish soil automatic irrigation and system monitoring task, system implements simple, and is with low cost.
2, control system transfers to each Area Node through the Zigbee cordless communication network with each regional soil irrigation humidity threshold value that the user sets; Read each control area current states parameter simultaneously and accomplish monitor task, system is effectively managed whole system.
3, be connected with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system in the Area Node through bury the soil temperature and humidity sensor underground in each irrigated area; The Area Node periodic sampling should the zone soil temperature and humidity; With the mode of radio communication soil temperature, the humidity data of one's respective area transferred to control centre; Combine temperature data whether this zone to be implemented to irrigate according to this regional soil irrigation humidity threshold value, improved the science that plants and flowers is irrigated according to the algorithm decision.
4, adopt battery to be each Area Node power supply, system power dissipation reduces greatly, also be sub-district or villa simultaneously with original control system reform is the native system feasible condition of providing convenience; System is reasonable in design, measures accurately.
5, the Area Node system alarm unit in the Area Node links to each other with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system through the I/O mouth, is used for sending when temp. and humidity in the irrigated area exceeds upper and lower limit or Region control node system fault the light alarm.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model patent principle schematic;
Fig. 2 is the utility model patent control circuit system schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the utility model patent Area Node circuit theory diagrams.
Embodiment:
With reference to accompanying drawing, control system based on the sub-district or the villa of technology of Internet of things with automatic irrigation, irrigate terminal 4 by control system 1, Area Node 2, soil temperature and humidity sensor 3 and spray and form; It is characterized in that: control system 1 is connected with Area Node 2 radio communications through the Zigbee network, and Area Node 2 is irrigated terminal 4 with soil temperature and humidity sensor 3 and spray respectively through circuit and is connected.
Control system 1 comprises main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11, main control module radio communication Zigbee module 12, push-button unit 13, display unit 14, temp. and humidity alarm unit 15 and main control module system alarm unit 16; Main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11 is made up of main control module MCU single-chip microcomputer, crystal oscillator and reset unit etc., is used for button detection, demonstration and controlling alarm and carries out exchanges data with main control module radio communication Zigbee module 12; Main control module radio communication Zigbee module 12 adopts serial ports to link to each other with main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11; Be used to accomplish the communication task of control system 1 and each irrigated area node 2, promptly read the current states parameter and send this regional soil irrigation threshold value or the pressure control command that user sets to each irrigated area Control Node from each irrigated area node 2; Push-button unit 13 adopts matrix-style to be connected with an I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11; Be provided with 16 buttons altogether; Comprise 0-9 totally 10 numerical keys and 6 function buttons; The address of the irrigated area that the user can need check through the button input is set the temperature and the humidity of each irrigated area node and is irrigated threshold value or remove alarm; Display unit 14 adopts the LCD LCDs; Its control pin directly links to each other with an I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11; The Single-chip Controlling LCDs shows current temperature, the humidity value of each irrigated area Control Node; The temp. and humidity that when the user sets, shows each irrigated area Control Node is irrigated threshold value, breaks down or temp. and humidity shows corresponding warning message when exceeding upper and lower limit in system simultaneously; Temp. and humidity alarm unit 15 links to each other with an I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11; MCU Single-chip Controlling signal amplifies the rear drive loudspeaker through pliotron reports to the police, and temp. and humidity alarm unit 15 is used for sending when temp. and humidity in certain irrigated area exceeds upper and lower limit the alarm sound; Main control module system alarm unit 16 links to each other with an I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system 11; The Single-chip Controlling signal amplifies the rear drive loudspeaker through pliotron reports to the police, and main control module system alarm unit 16 is used for not sending the alarm sound when not enough through, communication failure or Region control node module electric weight at System self-test; Control system 1 is installed in Property Management of residence chamber or the villa switchgear house.
Area Node 2 comprises Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21, Area Node radio communication Zigbee module 22, battery electric quantity detecting unit 23, shower valve control module 24 and Area Node system alarm unit 25; Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21 is positioned at each center, irrigated area; Constitute by Area Node MCU single-chip microcomputer, crystal oscillator and reset unit etc., be used for to soil temperature and humidity detecting sensor 3 send control commands, read soil temperature and humidity sensor 3 measurement data, read the battery electric quantity detection signal and carry out exchanges data with Area Node radio communication Zigbee module 22; Area Node radio communication Zigbee module 22 is arranged on each center, irrigated area; Adopt serial ports to link to each other with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21; Be used to accomplish the communication task with the main control module, the transmission data and the control command of promptly sending this irrigated area current states parameter and receiving control system 1 to control system 1; Battery electric quantity detecting unit 23 links to each other with an I/O mouth of Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21; Adopting integrated voltage checking chip to accomplish battery electric quantity detects; Battery electric quantity detecting unit 23 is used for detecting in real time the battery electric quantity of each Area Node, in time changes when not enough with convenient battery electric quantity; Shower valve control module 24 links to each other with an I/O mouth of Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21; The Single-chip Controlling signal is control spraying electromagnetic valve coil after triode is isolated; Shower valve control module 24 passes through circuit and spray irrigation terminal 4 is connected, and the magnetic valve whether Area Node 2 is opened on the spray irrigation terminal 4 according to the transmission data or the control command decision of control system 1 is irrigated; Area Node system alarm unit 25 links to each other with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system 21; The Single-chip Controlling signal amplifies back control LED through triode and carries out the light warning, and this unit is used for sending when temp. and humidity in the irrigated area exceeds upper and lower limit or Region control node system fault the light alarm.
The utility model adopts the Zigbee wireless communication standard to accomplish the transfer of data of control system and each Area Node, and communication frequency is 2.4GHZ, and the single-point coverage distance can reach 100 meters; Adopt the MANET mode; Each Area Node all has the ability of self-organizing, can be configured and manage the network using distributed frame automatically; Communicate between control system and each Area Node, do not communicate by letter between Area Node.In control system and each Area Node, the Zigbee communication module adopts RS232 standard for serial communication and MCU to communicate.

Claims (5)

1. control system based on the sub-district or the villa of technology of Internet of things with automatic irrigation, irrigate the terminal by control system, Area Node, soil temperature and humidity sensor and spray and form; It is characterized in that: the control system is connected with the Area Node radio communication through the Zigbee network, and Area Node is irrigated the terminal with soil temperature and humidity sensor and spray respectively through circuit and is connected;
The control system comprises main control module MCU single-chip minimum system, main control module radio communication Zigbee module, push-button unit, display unit, temp. and humidity alarm unit and main control module system alarm unit; Wherein main control module radio communication Zigbee module adopts serial ports to link to each other with main control module MCU single-chip minimum system, and push-button unit, display unit, temp. and humidity alarm unit and main control module system alarm unit link to each other with the I/O mouth of main control module MCU single-chip minimum system respectively;
Area Node comprises Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system, Area Node radio communication Zigbee module, battery electric quantity detecting unit, shower valve control module and Area Node system alarm unit; Wherein Area Node radio communication Zigbee module adopts serial ports to link to each other with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system; Battery electric quantity detecting unit, shower valve control module and Area Node system alarm unit link to each other with the I/O mouth of Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system respectively.
2. sub-district or the villa based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1 controlled system with automatic irrigation, it is characterized in that: in the described control system in main control module MCU single-chip minimum system and the Area Node Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system form by MCU single-chip microcomputer, crystal oscillator and reset unit.
3. sub-district or the villa based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1 controlled system with automatic irrigation, it is characterized in that: described control system adopts DC power supply.
4. sub-district or the villa based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1 controlled system with automatic irrigation, it is characterized in that: described Area Node adopts powered battery.
5. sub-district or the villa based on technology of Internet of things according to claim 1 controlled system with automatic irrigation, it is characterized in that: described soil temperature and humidity sensor is connected with Area Node MCU single-chip minimum system in the Area Node.
CN2011204507394U 2011-11-15 2011-11-15 Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas Expired - Fee Related CN202425406U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204507394U CN202425406U (en) 2011-11-15 2011-11-15 Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011204507394U CN202425406U (en) 2011-11-15 2011-11-15 Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202425406U true CN202425406U (en) 2012-09-12

Family

ID=46774892

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011204507394U Expired - Fee Related CN202425406U (en) 2011-11-15 2011-11-15 Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202425406U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550371A (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-07-11 无锡科技职业学院 System and method for internet-of-things technology based automatic irrigation control for districts or villas
CN103329783A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-02 重庆交通大学 Intelligent rotation irrigation control method
CN104838927A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 张德珍 Removable plant protection system
CN106909182A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-30 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of soil temperature and humidity monitoring of ore deposit refuse dump and Intelligentized regulating and controlling system
CN108271655A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-07-13 深圳市物联微电子有限公司 A kind of gardens wisdom irrigation system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102550371A (en) * 2011-11-15 2012-07-11 无锡科技职业学院 System and method for internet-of-things technology based automatic irrigation control for districts or villas
CN103329783A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-02 重庆交通大学 Intelligent rotation irrigation control method
CN103329783B (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-10-15 重庆交通大学 Intelligent rotation irrigation control method
CN104838927A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-08-19 张德珍 Removable plant protection system
CN106909182A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-06-30 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of soil temperature and humidity monitoring of ore deposit refuse dump and Intelligentized regulating and controlling system
CN106909182B (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-04-13 中国矿业大学(北京) A kind of soil temperature and humidity monitoring of ore deposit refuse dump and Intelligentized regulating and controlling system
CN108271655A (en) * 2018-01-23 2018-07-13 深圳市物联微电子有限公司 A kind of gardens wisdom irrigation system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202425406U (en) Internet of things-based automatic irrigation control system for communities or villas
CN203416688U (en) Orchard drop irrigation automatic control device based on ZigBee transmission technology
CN102550371A (en) System and method for internet-of-things technology based automatic irrigation control for districts or villas
CN201828814U (en) Greenhouse remote control device based on wireless communication technology
CN202486595U (en) Internet of things intelligent environmental monitoring system applied to agriculture
CN203950191U (en) A kind of plant supervising device based on mobile device
CN202818381U (en) Agricultural spray and drip irrigation system based on wireless sensing network and cloud computing
CN202854585U (en) Intelligent monitoring management system with soil temperature detector, used for greenhouse
CN102331753A (en) Intelligent control device for greenhouse environment
CN102884956A (en) Plant cultivation device with wireless communication function by utilizing WIFI (wireless local area network) communication module
CN202854623U (en) Intelligent monitoring management system with soil humidity sensor, used for greenhouse
CN204482596U (en) A kind of Intelligent irrigation system
CN103250617A (en) Zigbee based water-saving drip irrigation system
CN201057737Y (en) Novel automatic control system for the sprinkling irrigation of subzone green belt
CN102387519A (en) Intelligent energy-efficient node monitoring device based on data communication frequency self-adaption regulating technology
CN105532291A (en) Intelligent flower growing system based on Wifi cloud service
CN206235905U (en) Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system
CN106688829A (en) Intelligent plant irrigation system based on WeChat platform
CN203386080U (en) Greenhouse-used wireless temperature monitoring system
CN202102299U (en) Intelligent greenhouse environment control device
CN209995062U (en) remote intelligent irrigation control device based on Arduino
CN203152178U (en) Zigbee-based water-saving drip irrigation system
CN204990667U (en) Green house sensor monitored control system
CN201561972U (en) Soil water content and temperature monitoring pre-warning device for a sun room
CN201532258U (en) Sun room low-temperature early warning device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120912

Termination date: 20131115

C17 Cessation of patent right