CN203416688U - Orchard drop irrigation automatic control device based on ZigBee transmission technology - Google Patents

Orchard drop irrigation automatic control device based on ZigBee transmission technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203416688U
CN203416688U CN201320361608.8U CN201320361608U CN203416688U CN 203416688 U CN203416688 U CN 203416688U CN 201320361608 U CN201320361608 U CN 201320361608U CN 203416688 U CN203416688 U CN 203416688U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zigbee
described
terminal node
sensor
automatic control
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CN201320361608.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐晓青
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上海众顺农业技术有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • Y02A40/23Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • Y02A40/235Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion in irrigated agriculture
    • Y02A40/237Efficient irrigation techniques, e.g. drip irrigation, sprinkler or spray irrigation

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural automatic irrigation, and particularly relates to an orchard drop irrigation automatic control device based on the ZigBee transmission technology. The orchard drop irrigation automatic control device is characterized in that a main pipe and branch pipes are distributed in an irrigation area in lines and columns, the main pipe is provided with a plurality of columns of branch pipes, each column of branch pipe is provided with a plurality of orifices or water droppers at equal intervals, an electromagnetic valve is arranged at the head of each column of branch pipe, a column of sensors are arranged beside each column of branch pipe at equal intervals, the electromagnetic valves and the sensors are controlled by a ZigBee terminal node device to be connected, the ZigBee terminal node device is connected with a ZigBee coordinator through a ZigBee communication network, the ZigBee coordinator is connected with a monitoring device through a wireless network, and the monitoring device is connected with a weather information and expert system through the network. According to the orchard drop irrigation automatic control device, corresponding irrigation schemes can be set according to different plant species and real-time environment information, automation and accuracy of irrigation management is achieved, complex wiring is not needed, networking is simple, power consumption is low, cost is low, and installation and maintenance are convenient.

Description

Orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology

[technical field]

The utility model belongs to agriculture automatic irrigation technical field, relates to a kind of orchard automatic dripping irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology.

[background technology]

China is the country that a water resource lacks, and the distribution of the water resource of China is very uneven.The Water Consumption in Agriculture of China accounts for 75% of total water amount, is mainly consumed in irrigation, but the availability of agricultural irrigation water is generally low.

Since drip irrigation technique introduction is domestic, , China has especially obtained attention in the northwestern of lack of water, obtains a wide range of applications.Yet when using this type of irrigation technique, still there are some problems: for a long time, the agricultural dropleting enemaing system of China is controlled by artificial experience mostly, does not carry out collection, analysis and the decision-making of real time data, the randomness of irrigating is larger, and water-saving rate is not very high.Even if there is part drip irrigation system to adopt automation or computer control, but, due to field wiring inconvenience, cost is higher, consuming time longer, removes and installs the variety of problems such as inconvenience and be difficult to obtain enough attention in actual agricultural production.

Therefore, irrigation system automatization level is lower is the main cause of restriction China high-efficiency agriculture development, in order to increase irrigation efficiency, shortens working time and saving water resource, must Development of Water-Saving Irrigation control technology.

[summary of the invention]

The purpose of this utility model is to solve the defect existing in prior art, and a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology is provided, and utilizes ZigBee transmission technology to realize wireless networking function, saves wiring operations complicated between garden; Between garden, with sensor, monitor the growth of soil tilth and crops, and information wireless is passed to control centre, thereby reduce manpower, improve the efficiency of irrigating, saving water resource simultaneously.

ZigBee transmission technology wherein, it is the low-power consumption territory fidonetFido based on IEEE802.15.4 standard, a kind of short distance of formulating according to this agreement, the wireless communication technology of low-power consumption, be characterized in closely, low complex degree, self-organizing, low-power consumption, low data rate, low cost, mainly be suitable for automatically controlling and remote control field, can embed various device.

For achieving the above object, design a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology, comprise irrigated area, main pipe, some arms, ZigBee terminal node device, sensor, magnetic valve, ZigBee telegon and supervising device, it is characterized in that in irrigated area with row, there are main pipe and arm in Column Layout, a main pipe is provided with some pipes of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, each pipe equal intervals of being disbursed from the cost and expenses is provided with some apertures or water dropper, and be provided with a magnetic valve at the row head place of each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, the other biographies sensor that is also equidistantly provided with of side of described each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, described magnetic valve and sensor are by ZigBee terminal node device control connection, described ZigBee terminal node device connects ZigBee telegon by ZigBee communication network, described ZigBee telegon connects supervising device by wireless network.

Described sensor is temperature and moisture sensors, soil moisture sensor and optical sensor.

Spacing between described sensor is 60-75m.

In described ZigBee terminal node device, be provided with central processing unit and by the less radio-frequency transmitter module of central processing unit control connection, the ZigBee terminal node device of each row is passed to the data that collect the supervising device of control centre via wireless network, be that ZigBee terminal node device passes through described central processing unit connecting sensor digital serial port, obtain sensor image data; Central processing unit is by described less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless connections ZigBee conditioning unit, and via the less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless transmission image data of establishing in ZigBee conditioning unit to supervising device.

In described ZigBee terminal node device, be also provided with by the magnetic valve of central processing unit control connection and carry out control device and less radio-frequency receiver module, described magnetic valve is carried out control device and is consisted of control relay circuit, described control relay circuit connects controls magnetic valve, Surveillance center receives after image data, the image data that each row is received is averaging and in conjunction with Weather information and expert system, after making corresponding analyzing and processing and to irrigating parameter, arrange, and make accordingly control command, comprise and determine whether each row needs to open electromagnetic valve and pour water, and the time of at every turn pouring water etc., and via ZigBee conditioning unit wireless transmission, control the central processing unit in ZigBee terminal node device by wireless network, the central processing unit of terminal node can be transferred to the control command receiving magnetic valve and carry out control device, then by magnetic valve, carrying out control device control magnetic valve opens or closes.Control command, by radio sensing network, is transferred to the terminal node with battery valve, thereby electromagnetic valve is made to the operation of corresponding Push And Release.

In described ZigBee terminal node device, be also provided with supply module, described supply module is selected powered battery module or solar powered module, and described supply module power output end connects respectively central processing unit, sensor, magnetic valve execution control device and less radio-frequency reception/transmitter module.

Described supervising device is selected PC main frame.

Described wireless network is selected Ethernet or WIFI or GPRS.

Compared with prior art, the utility model can be according to different floristics, real-time environmental information, make the drip irrigation scheme matching with plant growth, solve current general drip irrigation system accuracy low, human error, the problem such as adaptability is not strong, realizes automation, the precision of drip irrigation management.Simultaneously native system does not need complicated wiring operations, and networking is simple, has low in energy consumptionly, and cost is low, the feature that I&M is easy to operate.

[accompanying drawing explanation]

Fig. 1 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;

Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of utility model ZigBee terminal node device;

The design drawing in irrigated area, Fig. 3 utility model orchard.

[embodiment]

Now in conjunction with the drawings and the specific embodiments the technical solution of the utility model is further elaborated, believe this cover automatic-watering equipment for a person skilled in the art clearly, can realize.

Drip irrigation robot brain reason of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1, be divided into three layers, be placed in the upper PC supervisory control comuter of control centre, as supervising device, and the ZigBee terminal node device that is deployed in the remote control terminal (being ZigBee telegon) between orchard and extensively distributes, between them, by communication network, (comprise Internet, WLAN, GPRS etc.) centralized Control, then by computer interface, link control room, by the same management of central computer, the outdoor sensors such as temp. and humidity are conveyed into upper PC supervisory control comuter image data, and irrigate parameter setting, and irrigation situation is added up, and can understand by dedicated management software the state of on-the-spot each detection and control terminal, and store on upper PC supervisory control comuter, show data and icon.Or by artificial special operational.CSRC built-in computer has expert system, can instruct irrigation management, obtains Weather information by internet simultaneously, implements predictably to irrigate.Wherein:

A. upper PC supervisory control comuter, the measurement data of being mainly responsible for sensor to transmit as supervising device is stored, and carry out analyzing and processing with Weather information and expert system, and pass on corresponding control operation information, it passes through existing communication network (as Internet, WLAN, GPRS etc.) be connected with the remote control terminal being arranged between garden;

B.ZigBee telegon, as remote control terminal, main task has two: be 1. responsible for organizing ZigBee wireless network, i.e. terminal node in automatic searching network, and the foundation of ZigBee-network and maintenance; 2. from terminating machine node, obtain the data that PC main frame needs, realize communicating by letter between terminal node and upper PC supervisory control comuter; 3. remote control terminal is responsible for that control command is forwarded all to drip irrigation between garden and is controlled in network, feedback data is sent to control centre simultaneously.

C. be distributed in a plurality of embedded ZigBee terminal node installation composition between garden, each ZigBee terminal node device management one panel region, each ZigBee terminal node device possesses ZigBee communication function, after start, automatically add network, between garden, terminal node device is directly connected with sensor with electromagnetic valve, and according to command operating magnetic valve and the sensor of control centre, the functions such as electromagnetic valve switch control, the judgement of magnetic valve state and system state data report have been realized.When terminal node is directly connected with sensor with electromagnetic valve, for detection of environmental information, can control the Push And Release of droping irrigating pipe simultaneously, also can show the state of battery valve; When terminal node device is only connected with sensor, be used for obtaining relevant environmentally sensitive information.

ZigBee transmission technology is applied to the drip irrigation automatic control equipment in orchard, as shown in Figure 3, first, in irrigated area with row, there are main pipe and arm in Column Layout, a main pipe is provided with some pipes of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, each pipe equal intervals of being disbursed from the cost and expenses is provided with some apertures or water dropper, and be provided with a magnetic valve at the row head place of each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, the side side of described each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses is provided with a biographies sensor every 60-75m, described magnetic valve and sensor are by ZigBee terminal node device control connection, described ZigBee terminal node device connects ZigBee telegon by ZigBee communication network, described ZigBee telegon connects supervising device by wireless network, described supervising device connects Weather information and expert system by network.Owing to irrigating on-the-spot environmental information, change slower, therefore the data acquisition of sensor node adopts timing dormancy to send the mode of data, so only at some cycles, after the time, just can carry out collection and the transmission of data, other time is all in resting state.

Selected sensor is three kinds of temperature and moisture sensors, soil moisture sensor and optical sensors, can obtain respectively the outdoor collection result such as temp. and humidity, each ZigBee terminal node device of each row is passed to supervising device by the data that collect via wireless network, the data that supervising device can receive each row are averaging, and then in conjunction with Weather information and expert system, make corresponding analyzing and processing, thereby determine whether each row needs to open electromagnetic valve and pour water, and the time of at every turn pouring water.

In this ZigBee terminal node device, as shown in Figure 2, be provided with central processing unit and by the less radio-frequency transmitter module of central processing unit control connection, magnetic valve is carried out control device, less radio-frequency receiver module and supply module, wherein

A.ZigBee terminal node device, by described central processing unit connecting sensor digital serial port, obtains sensor image data; Central processing unit is by described less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless connections ZigBee conditioning unit, and via the less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless transmission image data of establishing in ZigBee conditioning unit to supervising device.

B. described magnetic valve execution control device consists of control relay circuit, described control relay circuit connects controls magnetic valve, supervising device is by wireless network via the central processing unit in ZigBee conditioning unit controlled in wireless ZigBee terminal node device, and central processing unit is then carried out control device control magnetic valve by magnetic valve and opened or closed.

C. supply module is selected powered battery module, and described supply module power output end connects respectively central processing unit, sensor, magnetic valve execution control device and less radio-frequency reception/transmitter module.Because number of sensors is very huge, conventionally can not adopt the battery that can reuse that energy is provided; Once energy exhausts, this node just can not carry out the function of data acquisition and route so, directly affects robustness and the life cycle of whole sensor network, therefore can also adopt solar electric power supply system here, guarantees the abundance of energy.

Claims (8)

1. the orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology, comprise irrigated area, main pipe, some arms, ZigBee terminal node device, sensor, magnetic valve, ZigBee telegon and supervising device, it is characterized in that in irrigated area with row, there are main pipe and arm in Column Layout, a main pipe is provided with some pipes of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, each pipe equal intervals of being disbursed from the cost and expenses is provided with some apertures or water dropper, and be provided with a magnetic valve at the row head place of each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, the other biographies sensor that is also equidistantly provided with of side of described each pipe of being disbursed from the cost and expenses, described magnetic valve and sensor are by ZigBee terminal node device control connection, described ZigBee terminal node device connects ZigBee telegon by ZigBee communication network, described ZigBee telegon connects supervising device by wireless network.
2. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that described sensor is temperature and moisture sensors, soil moisture sensor and optical sensor.
3. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that the spacing between described sensor is 60-75m.
4. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with in described ZigBee terminal node device central processing unit and by the less radio-frequency transmitter module of central processing unit control connection, ZigBee terminal node device, by described central processing unit connecting sensor digital serial port, obtains sensor image data; Central processing unit is by described less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless connections ZigBee conditioning unit, and via the less radio-frequency transmitter module wireless transmission image data of establishing in ZigBee conditioning unit to supervising device.
5. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that being also provided with by the magnetic valve of central processing unit control connection and carrying out control device and less radio-frequency receiver module in described ZigBee terminal node device, described magnetic valve is carried out control device and is consisted of control relay circuit, described control relay circuit connects controls magnetic valve, supervising device by wireless network via the central processing unit in ZigBee conditioning unit controlled in wireless ZigBee terminal node device, central processing unit is then carried out control device control magnetic valve by magnetic valve and is opened or closed.
6. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterized in that being also provided with supply module in described ZigBee terminal node device, described supply module is selected powered battery module or solar powered module, and described supply module power output end connects respectively central processing unit, sensor, magnetic valve execution control device and less radio-frequency reception/transmitter module.
7. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as described in claim 1 or 4, is characterized in that described supervising device selects PC supervisory control comuter.
8. a kind of orchard drip irrigation automatic control equipment based on ZigBee transmission technology as described in claim 1 or 4 or 5, is characterized in that described wireless network selects Ethernet or WIFI or GPRS.
CN201320361608.8U 2013-06-21 2013-06-21 Orchard drop irrigation automatic control device based on ZigBee transmission technology CN203416688U (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104351019A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 河北科技大学 Orchard maintenance device
CN104396684A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-11 山西森海源农林科技有限公司 Grape planting automatic control system and control method thereof
CN104920171A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-23 广东千森园林科技股份有限公司 Garden spraying control system
CN105123447A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-12-09 西安理工大学 Irrigation decision-making system based on water balance relation of field
CN105284553A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-02-03 常州格威迩自动化科技有限公司 Three-dimensional greening intelligent water-saving irrigation system
CN105469571A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-04-06 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Irrigation control system and method
CN105475101A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 广西瀚特信息产业股份有限公司 Intelligent irrigation equipment, system and method
CN106212214A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 A kind of Wireless intelligent irrigation system
CN106297245A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of Internet of Things salt control data radio transmission system
CN106327829A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-11 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Energy-saving control device used for improvement of saline land and based on IoT (Internet of Things)
CN106359000A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Emergency system for self-generating Internet of Things based spray irrigation
CN106359014A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 合肥康胜达智能科技有限公司 Outdoor automatic watering system for smart home
CN106879437A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-06-23 安徽新宇生态园林股份有限公司 A kind of afforestation irrigation system

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284553A (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-02-03 常州格威迩自动化科技有限公司 Three-dimensional greening intelligent water-saving irrigation system
CN104351019A (en) * 2014-10-14 2015-02-18 河北科技大学 Orchard maintenance device
CN104351019B (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-02-24 河北科技大学 Orchard attending device
CN104396684A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-03-11 山西森海源农林科技有限公司 Grape planting automatic control system and control method thereof
CN104920171A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-23 广东千森园林科技股份有限公司 Garden spraying control system
CN105123447A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-12-09 西安理工大学 Irrigation decision-making system based on water balance relation of field
CN105123447B (en) * 2015-07-01 2018-02-16 西安理工大学 A kind of irrigation decision system based on water consumpation equilibrium relation
CN105469571A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-04-06 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Irrigation control system and method
CN105475101A (en) * 2015-12-22 2016-04-13 广西瀚特信息产业股份有限公司 Intelligent irrigation equipment, system and method
CN106212214A (en) * 2016-07-26 2016-12-14 新奥泛能网络科技股份有限公司 A kind of Wireless intelligent irrigation system
CN106359014A (en) * 2016-08-26 2017-02-01 合肥康胜达智能科技有限公司 Outdoor automatic watering system for smart home
CN106297245A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 A kind of Internet of Things salt control data radio transmission system
CN106327829A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-11 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Energy-saving control device used for improvement of saline land and based on IoT (Internet of Things)
CN106359000A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 山东胜伟园林科技有限公司 Emergency system for self-generating Internet of Things based spray irrigation
CN106879437A (en) * 2017-04-13 2017-06-23 安徽新宇生态园林股份有限公司 A kind of afforestation irrigation system

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Effective date of registration: 20150826

Address after: 201203 Shanghai Guo Shou Jing Road, Zhangjiang High Tech Park of Pudong New Area No. 498 building 14 block 22301-1674

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Address before: 201599 Shanghai city Jinshan District zhujingzhen Shen Pu Jing Road 251 No. 6 Building 1 floor 1002N

Patentee before: SHANGHAI ZHONGSHUN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Effective date of registration: 20150826

Address after: 201203 Shanghai Guo Shou Jing Road, Zhangjiang High Tech Park of Pudong New Area No. 498 building 14 block 22301-1674

Patentee after: Shanghai Gold Software Development Co., Ltd.

Address before: 201599 Shanghai city Jinshan District zhujingzhen Shen Pu Jing Road 251 No. 6 Building 1 floor 1002N

Patentee before: SHANGHAI ZHONGSHUN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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