CN206235905U - Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system - Google Patents

Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206235905U
CN206235905U CN201621191902.9U CN201621191902U CN206235905U CN 206235905 U CN206235905 U CN 206235905U CN 201621191902 U CN201621191902 U CN 201621191902U CN 206235905 U CN206235905 U CN 206235905U
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China
Prior art keywords
sensor
module
control unit
acidity
agricultural greenhouse
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621191902.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄凤英
邱雪莲
许策
俞志强
邓铃涛
张珍海
杨和融
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Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College
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Xiamen University Tan Kah Kee College
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Priority to CN201621191902.9U priority Critical patent/CN206235905U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system, including main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, light belt, water pump, fan, power module, wireless module and host computer;Main control module includes comparing control unit, compares control unit and is connected with light belt, water pump, fan respectively through the first control relay, the second control relay, the 3rd control relay;Compare control unit and also connect acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor respectively through some analog-to-digital conversion modules;One end of wireless module is connected with control unit is compared, and the other end is communicated to connect with host computer;Power module is connected with main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor respectively, is its power supply.The utility model solves the problems, such as existing agricultural greenhouse intelligent monitor system insufficiency, cannot realize accurate intellectual monitoring.

Description

Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system.
Background technology
The wisdom earth has turned into world trends trend, and the development of Internet of Things necessarily allows the life of the mankind more and more intelligent. Equally, the intelligence plantation of crops also turns into the focus of social concerns with maintenance gradually.
At present, the shortcomings of there is insufficiency, high cost, small audient's scope in most of agricultural greenhouse intelligent monitor system. Prior art only proposes Real-time Collection and the display of the data such as temperature humidity.Though or propose using wireless senser transmission letter Number, but transmission range is limited, data transfer is unstable, maintenance cost is higher.Scheme also propose to use it is solar powered with The cost-effective and energy, but situations such as power is inadequate occurs.These all limit Internet of Things and are popularized on a large scale in agricultural.For The above is solved the problems, such as, " three pairs " strategies, i.e. dual power supply are proposed herein and is accessed, dual network pattern, double control pattern is solved The problems such as certainly data transfer, intelligence maintenance and plant-grid connection, and three-level benefit control measure and the addition of voice module are additionally used, And mobile phone A PP is combined, make user to the control of data and analyze more directly perceived.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system, is solved Existing agricultural greenhouse intelligent monitor system insufficiency, the problem that accurate intellectual monitoring cannot be realized.
The utility model is realized using following technical scheme to achieve the above object:A kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring pipe Reason system, it is characterised in that:Passed including main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor, humidity Sensor, light belt, water pump, fan, power module, wireless module and host computer;The main control module includes comparing control unit, the One control relay, the second control relay, the 3rd control relay and some analog-to-digital conversion modules;It is described to compare control unit Light belt is connected through the first control relay, water pump is connected through the second control relay, fan, warp are connected through the 3rd control relay Some analog-to-digital conversion modules connect acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor respectively;Institute The one end for stating wireless module is connected with control unit is compared, and the other end is communicated to connect with host computer;The power module respectively with The connection of main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor, is its power supply.
Further, also including display screen, the display screen is electrically connected with analog-to-digital conversion module.
Further, also including voice interaction module, the voice interaction module is electrically connected with control unit is compared.
Further, the power module DQ-DY360-24 transformers and rectification circuit, DQ-DY360-24 transformers Input termination civil power, the input of output termination rectification circuit, the output end of rectification circuit connects acidity-basicity sensor, light respectively Sensing resistance transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and main control module.
Further, the acidity-basicity sensor, humidity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor quantity Ratio is 4:4:3:3.
The utility model has the advantages that compared with prior art:The utility model is realized to humidity, illumination The environmental data such as degree and acid-base value carries out the purpose of Real-time Collection, and the environmental index preset value that can be set according to host computer is made Alarm, and Automatic adjusument and control are carried out to corresponding environmental data by comparing control unit.The system has behaviour Make simple, be swift in response, high degree of automation the features such as facilitate centralized monitoring to manage, can be met to agriculturally warmhouse booth Monitoring management requirement;The utility model also carries out monitoring of layouting using plant distribution weight ratio, the number of each monitoring point collection Can be set and be transmitted to the comparing control unit of main control module by host computer according to threshold value;Each sensor gathered data passes through It is transferred to after analog-to-digital conversion module and compares control unit.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the main control module HT66F70A LQFP64 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the humidity sensor DHT11 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the temperature sensor DS18B20 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the wireless module NRF24L01 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the sound identification module LD3320 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of imperial Qiu's OLED display module of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the relay module SRD-05 of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Fig. 9 is the photosensitive resistance sensor structural representation of the embodiment of the utility model one.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment is described further to the utility model.
Fig. 1 is refer to, the present embodiment provides a kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system, it is characterised in that:Including Main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, light belt, water pump, fan, electricity Source module, wireless module and host computer;The main control module includes comparing control unit, the first control relay, the second control Relay, the 3rd control relay and some analog-to-digital conversion modules;The control unit that compares is connected through the first control relay Light belt, water pump is connected through the second control relay, and fan is connected through the 3rd control relay;Refer to Fig. 2 and Fig. 8, described One control relay, the second control relay and the 3rd control relay use Omron middle groups relay module, the ohm Every group of quantity of imperial middle groups relay module is up to 6/group, and the relay group wiring is simple, and coil voltage scope 24VDC+/- 10%.Wherein, temperature control carries out air draft using the 3rd control relay control plastic greenhouse fan, and humid control uses second Control relay control nutrient solution sprinkling irrigation, photosynthetic control controls the light of the special light compensating lamp of photosynthesis using the first control relay Band, the growth of plant is especially suitable for using the light belt of the light compensating lamp its wavelength, and the nursery stage can be solved substantially because illumination is not enough Influence growth question, arranges the reasonable time according to seedling strain delivery date completely.
The control unit that compares connects acidity-basicity sensor, photo resistance sensing respectively through some analog-to-digital conversion modules Device, temperature sensor and humidity sensor.Acidity-basicity sensor sends pH value, photo resistance sensing to control unit is compared Device to compare control unit send shading value, temperature sensor to compare control unit send temperature value, humidity sensor to than Humidity value is sent compared with control unit;The acidity-basicity sensor, humidity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor number The ratio of amount is 4:4:3:Acidity-basicity sensor module in 3, i.e. Fig. 1, photosensitive resistance sensor module, temperature sensor module, Acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor, the number ratio of humidity sensor are 4 in moisture sensor module: 4:3:3;Detected by real data, ratio distribution effectively takes into account the change of each environmental factor, in darg environment The features such as middle consideration temperature and even uneven illumination, result measure is effectively tended to the environment number of average value on sensor distributing According to testing result is more rationally, accurately;Specifically:
Fig. 4 is refer to, in the utility model implementation method, temperature sensor uses Switzerland's SENSIRION temperature sensors, The sensor stability is good, and fast response time, Width funtion is powered, non-liner revision, high precision, and internal structure has non-volatile warm in nature Degree alarm trigger, user can set the alarm threshold value by host computer, so as to trigger temperature alarming trigger be alarmed.
Fig. 3 is refer to, humidity sensor is surveyed using based on dielectric Theory and with frequency domain in the utility model implementation method The SF-100 soil moisture sensors of system research and development are measured, the sensor uses bus interface modes, can tested in -40 ~ 70d soil Earth volumetric moisture content, in 100MHZ, precision is 3% to test dominant frequency, is encapsulated using the pure glue of epoxy resin, in can placing into the soil for a long time Use, and do not corroded.
Fig. 9 is refer to, photosensitive resistance sensor uses BH1750FVI sensors, the biography in the utility model implementation method Sensor uses two-wire serial communication bus interface, supports I2C communication protocols, and range covers 1 ~ 65535lx, with extensive range And the advantages of weak light source dependence.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 5 is refer to, one end of the wireless module is connected with control unit is compared, the other end leads to host computer Letter connection.The wireless module can be by the way of bluetooth communication or/and wireless network communication, and wireless module is used The module of NRF24L01 and HC-05 principal and subordinate's one, 20-25 meters or so, plus the external days of PA+ can be typically accomplished in open field Line can accomplish 200 meters or so of communication distance most long, the module using UART serial ports carry out data transmission setting up system with The network connection of host computer.Host computer can be the terminals with computer digital animation function such as mobile phone, PC ends, PAD.
The power module respectively with main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor and wet Degree sensor connection, is its power supply;In order to prevent harm of the power-off to system, present embodiment is gone back in addition to 220V mains-supplieds Carry out saving battery emergency measure scheme using solar panel, solar panel can be using the 200W of QS companies manufacture Single-crystalline-silicon solar-cell panel, is completely secured the system power supply without the commercial power supply lower short time.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 7 is refer to, also including display screen, the display screen is electrically connected with analog-to-digital conversion module.The display Temperature, humidity, illuminance that screen can gather each sensor etc. shows that the display screen can be gathered on a display screen In host computer.
Fig. 6 is refer to, also including voice interaction module, the voice interaction module is electrically connected with control unit is compared.
Further, the power module DQ-DY360-24 transformers and rectification circuit, DQ-DY360-24 transformers Input termination civil power, the input of output termination rectification circuit, the output end of rectification circuit connects acidity-basicity sensor, light respectively Sensing resistance transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor and main control module.
Host computer such as cell-phone customer terminal is communicated with agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system, and host computer passes through bluetooth It is double mode with network access data acquisition is carried out to slave computer to show and control.Display screen and interactive voice can be gathered in host computer Module, the real-time display that can be realized to each ambient parameter of agricultural greenhouse for possessing display screen, and host computer can set The bound threshold value of parameters so that agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system can be automatically controlled by threshold value, Can also manually be controlled by host computer, be facilitated the management of agricultural greenhouse.
In the utility model implementation method, settable main control module possesses 5 mode of operations, as shown in the table:
Pattern Implication State of a control
Pattern 0 Preservation and controlling Skylight is closed, blower fan is closed, water smoke is closed, heating is opened
Pattern 1 Gravity-flow ventilation Skylight is opened, blower fan is closed, water smoke is closed, heating is closed
Pattern 2 Blower fan temperature control Skylight is opened, blower fan is opened, water smoke is closed, heating is closed
Pattern 3 Water smoke temperature control Skylight is opened, blower fan is closed, water smoke is opened, heating is closed
Pattern 4 Blower fan-water smoke Skylight is closed, blower fan is opened, water smoke is opened, heating is closed
System initialization Dietary behavior 1, then judges lower a period of time according to indoor and outdoor temperature is compared with the relation of setting value It is switched at quarter under which kind of pattern and works.For example:Controlled to each from comparing control module when temperature is less than given threshold lower limit Relay sends control signal so that Dietary behavior 0 works, and after temperature recovers normal, reenters normal mode work.System System can be according to needed for user temperature, selection work in different modes.
When the illumination value of photosensitive resistance sensor collection is less than set threshold value, the comparing control unit of system can lead to Crossing control the first control relay automatic opening light bar carries out plant light filling;When intensity of illumination is higher than threshold value, the comparing of system Control unit can control the first control relay to be allowed to close light belt again, stop light filling.
The upper lower limit value of humidity is configured by host computer first, for example, is set to 40%-70%, then system starts Humidity data in each hour collection greenhouse, and be transferred to and compare control unit, shown by display screen.When humidity is less than During lower limit 40%, opening water pump carries out atomized water spray, is allowed to humidity increase;When humidity reaches higher limit 70%, switch off the pump and stop Only atomized water spray.If humidity is too high, during higher than threshold value 70%, the 3rd control relay of control is allowed to fan and starts running, and increases dehumidifier The dynamics of ventilation.
The system is realized carries out Real-time Collection to environmental datas such as temperature, humidity, illuminance and acid-base values, and uploads Shown to host computer and monitored.The system operatio is simple, is swift in response, and high degree of automation facilitates centralized monitoring pipe Reason, can meet to agriculturally warmhouse booth monitoring management requirement.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is all according to present utility model application the scope of the claims done it is equal Deng change and modification, should all belong to covering scope of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system, it is characterised in that:Including main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, light Sensing resistance transducer, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, light belt, water pump, fan, power module, wireless module and host computer; If the main control module include compare control unit, the first control relay, the second control relay, the 3rd control relay and Dry analog-to-digital conversion module;The control unit that compares connects light belt through the first control relay, is connected through the second control relay Water pump, fan is connected through the 3rd control relay, and acidity-basicity sensor, photo resistance are connected respectively through some analog-to-digital conversion modules Sensor, temperature sensor and humidity sensor;One end of the wireless module is connected with control unit is compared, the other end with it is upper Position machine communication connection;The power module respectively with main control module, acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, TEMP Device and humidity sensor are connected, and are its power supply.
2. agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include display screen, The display screen is electrically connected with analog-to-digital conversion module.
3. agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Also include interactive voice Module, the voice interaction module is electrically connected with control unit is compared.
4. agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The power module DQ-DY360-24 transformers and rectification circuit, the input termination civil power of DQ-DY360-24 transformers, output termination rectification circuit Input, the output end of rectification circuit connects acidity-basicity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, temperature sensor, humidity respectively Sensor and main control module.
5. agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The acid-base value sensing Device, humidity sensor, photosensitive resistance sensor, the ratio of temperature sensor quantity are 4:4:3:3.
CN201621191902.9U 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system Expired - Fee Related CN206235905U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621191902.9U CN206235905U (en) 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621191902.9U CN206235905U (en) 2016-10-27 2016-10-27 Agricultural greenhouse adaptive monitoring management system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108170189A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 定州市宏伟农机农民专业合作社 A kind of intelligent crop implant system
CN109358674A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-19 桐城市立行电子科技有限公司 A kind of Greenhouse automatic control system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108170189A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-15 定州市宏伟农机农民专业合作社 A kind of intelligent crop implant system
CN109358674A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-19 桐城市立行电子科技有限公司 A kind of Greenhouse automatic control system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170609

Termination date: 20191027

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee