CN202366785U - Horizontal flow type circulating water solid building waste separator - Google Patents

Horizontal flow type circulating water solid building waste separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202366785U
CN202366785U CN201120538538XU CN201120538538U CN202366785U CN 202366785 U CN202366785 U CN 202366785U CN 201120538538X U CN201120538538X U CN 201120538538XU CN 201120538538 U CN201120538538 U CN 201120538538U CN 202366785 U CN202366785 U CN 202366785U
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China
Prior art keywords
separating tank
water
solid building
building castoff
circulating
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN201120538538XU
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Chinese (zh)
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何德裕
黄利辉
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何德裕
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a horizontal flow type circulating water solid building waste separator, which comprises a separating tank, wherein holding parts for collecting different materials are arranged on the bottom of the separating tank, flowing water with scheduled height is arranged in the separating tank, flows to the other side of the separating tank from one side of the separating tank in the effect of a water circulating driving device; a solid building waste feeding part is arranged above the separating tank and higher than the horizontal plane; separated materials enter into the flowing water from the feeding part, the materials with bigger specific gravity enter into the first holding part below the feeding part in the effect of the flowing water, materials with small specific gravity enter into other holding parts nearby the first holding part sequentially, the other holding parts comprise a second holding part to a Nth holding part, and N is great than one. The horizontal flow type circulating water solid building waste separator has the advantages of being low in separating cost, recycling all separated materials, and according with the ideas of environmental protection and sustainable development.

Description

Flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator
Technical field
Utility model relates to a kind of flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator that is used for the different material of the different recyclable utilizations of separating solids discarded object.
Background technology
Handle one of building solid castoff most common form, rubbish factory is set exactly buries, still, this mode not only floor space is big, and surrounding environment is also had destruction, and is incompatible with the theory of the environmental protection of present promotion and sustainable development.Therefore; Chinese patent document CN1868597 discloses a kind of integrated conduct method of building waste, and its treatment step comprises: after the suitable fragmentation of building waste, foreign material sortings such as wherein metal, bamboo and wood, plastics are detected; Then surplus material is poured in the service sink of the lattice screen frame (unit) with three grades of layerings; Water cleans also and stirs, material after the lattice screen frame (unit) screening of three grades of layerings, separate into from the bottom to top cement mortar, in, granule sandstone grain and large-block material layering discharge; Cement mortar continues screening and separating and becomes mud and husky, stone grain also through multi-stage mechanical separating sieve production line; The large-block material of separating is delivered to crusher in crushing again, and the material after the fragmentation is again through three grades of screen frame (unit) sizing screenings, separate into powder and little, in, bulky grain sandstone grain; The mud of separating then is conveyed in the sedimentation basin and precipitates, and is dried to tonerde, and water then enters the circulatory pool recycle.Though it is cheap that this method has processing cost, all materials comprehensive utilization capable of circulation after the processing meets the advantage of the theory of environmental protection and sustainable development; But; Its material capable of using that deals is accurately classification not, still is mingled in together like stone, common brick, tile, cement lumps and other solid content, so the material of handling out in this way capable of using; Can only use as coarse fodder, as be used for bedding and padding as roadbed etc.
Chinese patent document CN 1878615 discloses a kind of method of building waste sorting.In said method; The building castoff that is ground into preliminary dimension is joined in the liquid of stillpot; And in groove, it is separated into various components according to proportion; Wherein, said liquid has than low but higher than the proportion of the remaining ingredient reference specific gravity of proportion that reclaims component, thereby the component that will reclaim is separated through the bottom that is deposited to said stillpot.According to said method,, just can easily other impurity that is included in the building castoff be separated with the aggregate that reuses of high-quality through simple steps.Particularly, the reference specific gravity of separating liquid is carried out suitable adjustment, thus even can be easily with the various materials heavier, like separation such as tile, common brick, bituminous concrete, cement lumps aggregates than water., this separation method, it need utilize chemical substance, like tetrabromoethane, ethanol; Be deployed into different specific weight, through allocating the material that different proportion can not separate, this method with the organic chemicals building waste sorting, its processing to last remaining chemical liquid also is suitable difficulty; And directly discharging certainly will pollute environment, and, the material capable of using that deals in this way; Its price is quite expensive, says from the angle of cost, loses more than gain.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to the problems referred to above, provides a kind of utilization that environment is not had contaminant water as medium to society, and can reach the flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator of isolating different material in the building castoff.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: design a kind of flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator; Comprise separating tank; Be provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material in said separating tank bottom, in said separating tank, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, circulating water is under the effect of water circulating driving device; Flow from a side of separating tank opposite side with predetermined flow rate and direction separating tank, said separating tank be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff portion that feeds intake; Separated material gets into the circulating water from the portion of feeding intake; Under the effect of circulating water; Heavy material gets into first resettlement section that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake; The less material of proportion gets into other resettlement section of next-door neighbour first resettlement section successively, and other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
The utility model also provides a kind of flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator; Comprise separating tank; Said separating tank is a track shape; Two straight shape separating tank bottoms at said track shape separating tank are provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material, in said separating tank, are provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, and circulating water is under the effect of water circulating driving device; In separating tank, flow to a direction with predetermined flow velocity, said two straight shape separating tanks be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff portion that feeds intake; In the deep-slotted chip breaker of the two ends of said track shape separating tank, respectively be provided with a water circulating driving device; Separated material gets into the circulating water from the portion of feeding intake; Under the effect of circulating water; Heavy material gets into first resettlement section that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake; The less material of proportion gets into other resettlement section of next-door neighbour first resettlement section successively, and other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
As the improvement to such scheme, said water circulating driving device is a water pump.
As improvement to such scheme; The predetermined altitude of said circulating water is a 3-5 rice; The circulating water of certain altitude is set, and is can let from the solid building castoff separated object that the subordinate comes that feeds intake arranged sufficient fall time, so that circulating water separates into different types of material with them.
As the improvement to such scheme, the predetermined flow velocity of said circulating water is decided according to the predetermined altitude of the proportion of separated material and circulating water.
Preferably, said separated material is crushed to the 10-50mm particle diameter in advance.
Above said separating tank, be provided with the floating thing knot screen.
" building castoff " of indication has the same meaning with " separated object " in the utility model, and it is meant a kind of concrete, brick, stone or watt resulting mixture in quilt pulverizing back that removes from building for building that contain.
As stated, the utility model compared with prior art has following advantage; The separating medium that the utility model adopted is a water; Be different from the suspension that adopts chemical substance to do, it not only can recycle, even and waste water can not cause any pollution to environment yet; Again, water can obtain different separators with relatively low cost as medium from building castoff, like stone, brickbat, broken concrete etc., put into different categories, and these materials all can reuse.The utility model can not only can be realized the building gurry is separated; And can also realize that to floating thing like paper, styrenic foams, wood chip are or/and removal of impurities synchronously such as polybag; The selection by winnowing that can save in the conventional process building castoff is removed step, achieves many things at one stroke.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the top plan view structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic top plan view of the another kind of embodiment of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Hereinafter, will describe the preferred implementation of the utility model in detail with reference to accompanying drawing.
See also Fig. 1 and Fig. 2; A kind of flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator that Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 disclose; Comprise separating tank 1; Be provided with the resettlement section 11,12,13 of collecting different material in said separating tank 1 bottom, in said separating tank 1, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude H, circulating water is under the effect of water circulating driving device 2; Flow from a side of separating tank 1 opposite side with predetermined flow rate and direction separating tank 1, said separating tank 1 be higher than horizontal plane 14 above be provided with the solid building castoff portion 3 that feeds intake; Separated material gets into the circulating water from the portion of feeding intake 3; Under the effect of circulating water, heavy material gets into first resettlement section 11 that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake, and the less material of proportion gets into other resettlement section 12,13 of next-door neighbour first resettlement section successively; In the present embodiment three resettlement sections; Obviously, other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
See also Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the another kind of flat flow recirculated water of a utility model solid building castoff seperator, and it is compared with embodiment illustrated in figures 1 and 2; Its general structure is identical; Institute is not both in same separating tank, has increased another component from device, can improve separative efficiency more than one times.
Specifically; It is a kind of flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator; Comprise separating tank 1, said separating tank 1 is a track shape, is provided with the resettlement section 11,12,13 (referring to Fig. 1) of collecting different material in two straight shape separating tank 15 bottoms of said track shape separating tank; In said separating tank 1, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude H; Circulating water flows to a direction with predetermined flow velocity in separating tank 1 under the effect of water circulating driving device 2, said two straight shape separating tanks 15 be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff portion 3 that feeds intake; In the two ends of said track shape separating tank deep-slotted chip breaker 16, respectively be provided with a water circulating driving device 2; Separated material gets into the circulating water from the portion of feeding intake 3; Under the effect of circulating water; Heavy material gets into first resettlement section 11 that is positioned at the subordinate side that feeds intake; The less material of proportion gets into other resettlement section 12,13 of next-door neighbour first resettlement section 11 successively, and other resettlement section comprises N resettlement section, second resettlement section to the, and N is more than or equal to 1.
Among above-mentioned two kinds of embodiment, it is water pump that said water circulating driving device 2 can adopt.The predetermined altitude H of said circulating water can be chosen in the 3-5 rice scope; The purpose of the circulating water of certain altitude is set; Be to let arranged the sufficient fall time circulating water, so that circulating water separates into different types of material with them from the solid building castoff separated object that portion 3 gets off that feeds intake.
In the utility model; The predetermined flow velocity of said circulating water is decided according to the predetermined altitude of the proportion of separated material and circulating water; Different separated materials have different proportion, and concrete material will carry out separation test at the separation initial stage, confirms the predetermined altitude H of optimum flow rate and circulating water.Preferably, said separated material is crushed to the 10-50mm particle diameter in advance.
In the utility model, said separating tank 1 top is provided with floating thing knot screen (not shown), is used to remove paper, styrenic foams, wood chip or/and floating things such as polybag realize separating and carry out synchronously with removal of impurities.
The utility model needs general building castoff is carried out one-level through disintegrating machine in use, secondary, even after three grades of fragmentations, the material after institute's fragmentation is carried out magnetic separation, and removal steel part etc., and be divided into various components according to granular size.
During use, be noted that the size of the water content of separated object, can influence the proportion of separated object,, making an experiment, confirm which type of water flow velocity can reach the optimal separation state with in the starting stage of separating for a collection of separated object.
The utility model people is with under the natural air drying, and promptly the building from removing immediately was not caught in the rain, and after being pulverized, size is 10-50mm, and the preferable separation parameter that is adopted is following:
Water velocity 70-80 rice/minute; Separated material gets into the height of drop in the flowing water, and promptly flowing water predetermined altitude H can isolate successively effectively and be enclosed with concrete stone, pure concrete particle, common brick particle and tile and so in 3-5 rice scope.

Claims (10)

1. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator; It is characterized in that: comprise separating tank; Be provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material in said separating tank bottom, in said separating tank, be provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, circulating water is under the effect of water circulating driving device; Flow from a side of separating tank opposite side with predetermined flow rate and direction separating tank, said separating tank be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff portion that feeds intake.
2. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: said water circulating driving device is a water pump.
3. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the predetermined altitude of said circulating water is a 3-5 rice.
4. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the predetermined flow velocity of said circulating water is decided according to the predetermined altitude of the proportion of separated material and circulating water.
5. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said separating tank top is provided with the floating thing knot screen.
6. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator; It is characterized in that: comprise separating tank; Said separating tank is a track shape; Two straight shape separating tank bottoms at said track shape separating tank are provided with the resettlement section of collecting different material, in said separating tank, are provided with the circulating water of predetermined altitude, and circulating water is under the effect of water circulating driving device; In separating tank, flow to a direction with predetermined flow velocity, said two straight shape separating tanks be higher than horizontal plane above be provided with the solid building castoff portion that feeds intake; In the deep-slotted chip breaker of the two ends of said track shape separating tank, respectively be provided with a water circulating driving device.
7. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: said water circulating driving device is a water pump.
8. according to claim 6 or 7 described flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperators, it is characterized in that: the predetermined altitude of said circulating water is a 3-5 rice.
9. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 8 is characterized in that: the predetermined flow velocity of said circulating water is decided according to the predetermined altitude of the proportion of separated material and circulating water.
10. flat flow recirculated water solid building castoff seperator according to claim 9 is characterized in that: said separating tank top is provided with the floating thing knot screen.
CN201120538538XU 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Horizontal flow type circulating water solid building waste separator Expired - Lifetime CN202366785U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102989574A (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-03-27 何德裕 Horizontal flow type circulating water solid construction waste separator
CN103611721A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-05 中联重科物料输送设备有限公司 Hydraulic separator and construction waste material resource utilization system
CN104226458A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-24 中国矿业大学(北京) Three-product shallow slot type dense medium sorting machine
CN107309072A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-03 李福军 Rubble asphalt waste finely sorts reuse method
CN107755341A (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-03-06 诸暨市银生珍珠养殖有限公司 A kind of pearl cleans sorting unit

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102989574A (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-03-27 何德裕 Horizontal flow type circulating water solid construction waste separator
CN103611721A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-03-05 中联重科物料输送设备有限公司 Hydraulic separator and construction waste material resource utilization system
CN103611721B (en) * 2013-12-04 2016-03-02 中联重科物料输送设备有限公司 A kind of hydraulic separator and construction waste material resource utilization system
CN104226458A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-24 中国矿业大学(北京) Three-product shallow slot type dense medium sorting machine
CN107755341A (en) * 2016-08-17 2018-03-06 诸暨市银生珍珠养殖有限公司 A kind of pearl cleans sorting unit
CN107309072A (en) * 2017-08-28 2017-11-03 李福军 Rubble asphalt waste finely sorts reuse method
CN107309072B (en) * 2017-08-28 2019-05-24 李福军 Rubble asphalt waste finely sorts reuse method

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CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20120808

CX01 Expiry of patent term