CN202324312U - Composite self-insulation hollow building block - Google Patents

Composite self-insulation hollow building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202324312U
CN202324312U CN2011202695011U CN201120269501U CN202324312U CN 202324312 U CN202324312 U CN 202324312U CN 2011202695011 U CN2011202695011 U CN 2011202695011U CN 201120269501 U CN201120269501 U CN 201120269501U CN 202324312 U CN202324312 U CN 202324312U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
insulation
block
composite self
insulation building
warming plate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN2011202695011U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁士来
史学胜
薛卫东
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丁士来
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Priority to CN2011202695011U priority Critical patent/CN202324312U/en
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Publication of CN202324312U publication Critical patent/CN202324312U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a composite self-insulation hollow building block, which comprises a light aggregate concrete hollow building block which is arranged at one side of the composite self-insulation hollow building block and is known as a basal body; an insulation board which is positioned in the composite self-insulation hollow building block is an insulation layer; and a light aggregate concrete protection layer is positioned at the other side of the composite self-insulation hollow building block. The basal body, the insulation layer and the protection layer are connected together through light aggregate concrete which is contained in notches on the insulation board. The insulation board is a polyphenyl board, a rock wool board or an extruded sheet. The insulation board is embedded in the light aggregate concrete in advance to form a permanent stabilization structure, so the defect that the insulation board cracks and falls off with the basal body or a plastering overcoating on a wall body is overcome. The composite self-insulation hollow building block is easy to produce in large scale, and is low in production cost.

Description

The composite self-insulation building-block
Technical field
The utility model relates to the construction material field, exactly is a kind of composite self-insulation building-block.
Background technology
At present, China adopts external wall outer insulation in the construction wall energy-saving field.This method generally is to stick on warming plate in the body of wall outside that lays, and plasters in the outside of warming plate integral body again.Because the southern and northern climate difference of China is bigger, the problem that exposes is quite a lot of, comes off and the durability of insulation layer and the life-span of building weakness such as do not match like outer wall cracking, external thermal insulation.In order to overcome the weakness of above appearance, emerged multiple heat insulation building block in recent years, this heat insulation building block self has heat-insulating property, and the body of wall of using this material to build by laying bricks or stones need not to be incubated again and just can reach the related request of country about the construction wall heat preservation energy-saving.Its inner structure form of these heat insulation building blocks is different, generation technology is different, and wherein major part is also among research and development.Comparatively ripe has two kinds: a kind of is to insert the board-like heat insulation building block of insulation; This heat insulation building block is earlier by the method production that produces light-weight aggregate small-sized hollow building block; When reaching piling Deng the intensity of building block, warming plate that again will be identical with the hollow parts shape of small-sized hollow building block inserts in the cavity of small-sized hollow building block.Another is the grouting on-mode, and the technology of this production heat insulation building block is: earlier heat insulating material is fixed in the mould that assembles on the corresponding position; Pour into the concrete that certain flowability is arranged that stirs in the mould then, concrete wraps along four bread all around of warming plate, and vibrating forming then waits concrete to reach to open mould again after certain intensity heat insulation building block is taken out.In sum, more than the technology of production heat insulation building block all exists the warming plate that production efficiency is low, expense is high and heat insulation building block is interior to combine irrational shortcoming with concrete.Address these problems, will look for scheme from the form of structure of production technology and heat insulation building block, thus its reasonable in internal structure of heat insulation building block, production efficiency height and the low purpose of producing cost that realization is produced.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of composite self-insulation building-block with good heat insulation heat preservation energy-saving effect.The composite self-insulation building-block comprises matrix, insulation layer and topping, it is characterized in that: the warming plate that is positioned at the composite self-insulation building-block is an insulation layer; Two sides of warming plate are light aggregate concrete.Say that from form of structure the composite self-insulation building-block is made up of three parts: first is positioned at a side of composite self-insulation building-block, for the light aggregate concrete building-block is also referred to as matrix; Second portion is positioned at the inside of composite self-insulation building-block, is insulation layer; Third part is positioned at the opposite side of composite self-insulation building-block, is the light aggregate concrete topping.Light aggregate concrete in the notch that this three part is provided with through warming plate links together.Body of wall self with this concrete block masonry has heat insulation function, need not again body of wall to be carried out the secondary insulation and can reach the requirement of country about building energy conservation 65%; Because heat insulating material is embedded among the light aggregate concrete, insulation layer, matrix and topping are combined into the permanent robust structure, so the shortcoming that does not exist insulation layer on body of wall, to ftracture, come off with matrix or floated finish; In addition because heat insulating material is embedded among the light aggregate concrete heat insulating material forms the monomer carrying and stack, so fireproof performance is good.Say from production technology; The composite self-insulation building-block of the utility model adopts at first the cuboid warming plate that top and bottom are provided with notch to be inserted and secured in the mould; Again the concrete slurry that stirs is poured into vibrations strickling moulding in the mould; Deng before the concrete dehydration initial setting time again with mould and touch core and together deviate from vertically upward, last composite self-insulation building-block just gets into the maintenance stage.In sum, its reasonable in internal structure of composite self-insulation building-block, the production efficiency height that the utility model provided accomplish scale production easily and producing cost low.
For realizing the purpose of the utility model; Taked following technical scheme: Lightweight aggregate concrete small hollow block part and light aggregate concrete topping part can require to select the coarse-fine aggregate of different sizes and the cement of different labels different amounts according to different intensity grades.For the less demanding non-bearing composite self-insulation building-block of desired strength, can select slag, haydite, industrial residue for use is that light aggregate and corresponding flyash are that fine aggregate cooperates production non-bearing composite self-insulation building-block; For the higher composite self-insulation building-block of requirement of strength, also can select for use stone, higher coarse aggregate and the corresponding fines of stone nitre equal strength to cooperate production load-bearing composite self-insulation building-block.The composite self-insulation building-block is characterized in that: described warming plate is polyphenyl plate, rock cotton board, extruded sheet; The heat-insulating property difference of these heat insulating materials is also very big, so can be from three aspect design alternatives for the requirement of warming plate in the composite self-insulation building-block.The firstth, material; The secondth, the gauge of warming plate; The 3rd is the unit weight requirement of warming plate.What warming plate generation composite self-insulation building-block selects what material, unit weight what, gauge on earth for use is, choose according to designing requirement.
According to above-mentioned composite self-insulation building-block, it is characterized in that warming plate partly is generally cuboid sheet material; Fill up light aggregate concrete in the notch that warming plate is provided with in process of production, this part light aggregate concrete partly links together body portion, insulation layer part and light topping; The notch that is provided with on the described warming plate is on two long leptoprosopy of cuboid heat preservation plate material; Face of the notch that is provided with on the described warming plate is provided with two or three notches; The cross section of the notch that is provided with on the described warming plate is that square also can be rectangle.
Composite self-insulation building-block according to above-mentioned is characterized in that: the used cementitious material of light aggregate concrete is 32.5 #Composite portland cement also can use 42.5 #Portland cement.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the profile sketch map of the composite self-insulation building-block that the utility model provided.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of the composite self-insulation building-block that the utility model provided.
Fig. 3 is composite self-insulation building-block that the utility model the provided sectional view along the A-A direction.
Fig. 4 is composite self-insulation building-block that the utility model the provided sectional view along the B-B direction.
Sketch map when Fig. 5 is the composite self-insulation building-block moulding that the utility model provided in mould.
The specific embodiment
Be described further below in conjunction with the specific embodiment of accompanying drawing the utility model.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, the composite self-insulation building-block of the utility model is made up of three parts, and the building-block part of 1 expression composite self-insulation building-block also is referred to as matrix; 2 expression insulation layer parts; 3 expression concrete protective layer segments.This three part leans on the concrete in the square notch 4 on the insulation layer part to link together.
Referring to Fig. 2,, analyse and observe along the A-A direction and the B-B direction of composite self-insulation building-block in order to further specify the specific embodiment of the utility model.6 are illustrated in being used for of processing above the insulation layer is fixed on the notch in the mould with warming plate.
Fig. 3 representes along the position sectional view of the A-A direction warming plate of composite self-insulation building-block.The profile of this warming plate is a cuboid; 2 expression insulation layer parts; The square notch of processing on the 4 expression warming plates, square notch is distributed on the upper and lower surfaces of warming plate, has four.
Fig. 4 representes along the sectional view of the B-B direction hollow part of composite self-insulation building-block.The hollow cavity of the building-block part of 5 expression composite self-insulation building-blocks, hollow cavity is generally two.
Sketch map when Fig. 5 is the composite self-insulation building-block moulding that the utility model provided in mould.7 expressions are provided with the locating piece that on mould, is used for fixing warming plate; The moulding form of 8 expression composite self-insulation building-blocks; The hollow core dowel of touching of the building-block part of 9 expression composite self-insulation building-blocks.
The order of production and processing composite self-insulation building-block is: the first, the warming plate that processes is inserted in the mould along notch on the warming plate 6 and locating piece 7 cooperations in the mould.The second, by requirement of strength batching, the stirring of design composite self-insulation building-block.The 3rd, the concrete that under the situation of vibrations, has certain flowability that stirs is circulated in the mould.The 4th, vibrations, strickling moulding.The 5th, the demoulding, maintenance piling.

Claims (7)

1. the composite self-insulation building-block comprises matrix, insulation layer and topping, it is characterized in that: the warming plate that is positioned at the composite self-insulation building-block is an insulation layer; Two sides of warming plate are light aggregate concrete.
2. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described warming plate is polyphenyl plate, rock cotton board or extruded sheet.
3. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the profile of described warming plate is a cuboid.
4. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the notch that described warming plate is provided with is positioned on two long leptoprosopy.
5. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the cross section of the notch that described warming plate is provided with is that square also can be rectangle.
6. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the notch that described warming plate is provided with is that a face is provided with two or three notches.
7. composite self-insulation building-block according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the used cementitious material of described light aggregate concrete is 32.5 #Composite portland cement also can use 42.5 #Portland cement.
CN2011202695011U 2011-07-20 2011-07-20 Composite self-insulation hollow building block Expired - Fee Related CN202324312U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202695011U CN202324312U (en) 2011-07-20 2011-07-20 Composite self-insulation hollow building block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202695011U CN202324312U (en) 2011-07-20 2011-07-20 Composite self-insulation hollow building block

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202324312U true CN202324312U (en) 2012-07-11

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103726605A (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-04-16 贵州省建筑材料科学研究设计院 Zinc-melting tailing and rock wool composite heat preservation building block and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103726605A (en) * 2013-02-07 2014-04-16 贵州省建筑材料科学研究设计院 Zinc-melting tailing and rock wool composite heat preservation building block and preparation method thereof

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120711

Termination date: 20130720

C17 Cessation of patent right