CN201794205U - Interlocking-type self-heat-preserving wall body building block with air sandwich layer - Google Patents

Interlocking-type self-heat-preserving wall body building block with air sandwich layer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201794205U
CN201794205U CN2010205290385U CN201020529038U CN201794205U CN 201794205 U CN201794205 U CN 201794205U CN 2010205290385 U CN2010205290385 U CN 2010205290385U CN 201020529038 U CN201020529038 U CN 201020529038U CN 201794205 U CN201794205 U CN 201794205U
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China
Prior art keywords
building block
concrete main
heat
type self
preserving
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010205290385U
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Chinese (zh)
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李忠岩
马新伟
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李忠岩
马新伟
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an interlocking-type self-heat-preserving wall body building block with an air sandwich layer. The building block comprises a concrete main body and foamed cement grout fillers. The concrete main body is in an inverted-T-shaped structure and three core holes which run through from top to bottom are arranged on the concrete main body. The foamed cement grout fillers are grouted in the core holes. A rectangular groove is arranged on the top surface of the concrete main body. An air sandwich gap which runs through from top to bottom is arranged in the middle of the groove. Ribs and mortar joints in the middle of the building block vertically face to the core holes. The air sandwich layer and the foamed cement grout fillers can stop the heat transfer along the ribs or the mortar joints of the building block, the structural integrity of a wall body is higher, the cold bridge of the wall body is comprehensively eliminated, the heat preserving effect of the building block is improved to the ultimate extent, the heat preserving performance is better, the structure is simple and reasonable, the cost is low, the construction speed is fast and the efficiency is high.

Description

The chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block of band air blanketing
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of constructional materials, specifically a kind of chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block with air blanketing.
Background technology
At present materials for wall mainly is divided into bulk and sheet material two big classes.Wherein bulk mainly is: sintered clay porous brick, hollow brick, sintering shale brick, air-entrained concrete building block, light weight aggregate concrete building block, ordinary concrete building block etc.; Exterior wall mainly is a sandwich composite wall body in the heat insulating material with sheet material.It wherein still is the main flow materials for wall with the bulk.At present the heat-preserving wall that is adopted in the engineering mainly comprises: common building block external insulation system, air-entrained concrete building block external insulation system, common building-block interpolation benzene plate body system, sintered hollow block system etc.In new building, it is the most general to add external insulation system with common building block.
Common building block is pasted the energy-saving insulating technique of benzene plate outward as materials for wall, though heat preservation and energy conservation effects is good, the drawback that is difficult to overcome below also existing mainly is: (1) constructing operation complexity, long construction period; (2) construction quality also is difficult to be guaranteed; (3) there is fire safety problem in external thermal insulation; (4) cost height.We know that also traditional building block main body surface structure is rectangle, and width is respectively 390mm, 290mm, 240mm, 190mm etc., and the thickness difference can be designed to single row of holes, double hole or three rounds respectively.The deficiency that has following two aspects on the tradition block structure: connecting portion forms cold bridge between (1) piece and the piece on body of wall, and is unfavorable to the integral heat insulation performance of body of wall.(2) building block inside is cavity, and the body of wall internal-external temperature difference makes inner air form convection current, does not reach desirable heat insulation effect.
The Chinese patent 2009203126025 that the applicant proposes has been announced a kind of chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block, it includes concrete main body, foam cement slurry filler, described concrete main body plane is T font or the combination of T font, wherein be provided with the core hole of several up/down perforations, foam cement slurry filler is poured in the concrete main body core hole.Building block concrete main body with the outside after the foam cement starchization forms composite thermal self-insulation building block, the mutual linkage chain of adjacent block when building by laying bricks or stones, the wall body structure globality is strong, with the conduction of heat of foam cement slurry filler obstruct along building block rib or mortar joint, eliminate the cold bridge of body of wall, improved the heat insulation effect of building block.But heat-insulating property still remains to be improved.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of simple and reasonable for structure, and cost is low, and speed of application is fast, efficient is high, the chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block of the band air blanketing of excellent thermal insulation performance.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the above technical problem is: a kind of chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block with air blanketing, it includes concrete main body, foam cement slurry filler, described concrete main body is Chinese character pin-shaped structure, which is provided with the core hole of three up/down perforations, foam cement slurry filler is poured in the core hole, it is characterized in that: described concrete main body end face is provided with a rectangular recess, is provided with the air crack of a up/down perforation in the middle of the groove.
The said groove of the utility model connects along the body of wall axis direction at the concrete main body end face, and it is wide to be 20-35mm, is 5mm deeply.
The said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body of the utility model is made up of two cuboids of size, vertically is provided with the strip boss on the big cuboid medial surface.
Vertically be provided with the strip boss on the big cuboid both ends of the surface of the said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body of the utility model, make end face form grooved.
The every block concrete main body of the utility model middle part has increased an air crack, and heat-insulating property is better; Also formed the air crack by means of the strip boss on the big cuboid medial surface between lateral mass and the outer lateral mass in the adjacent block phase interconnected lock when building by laying bricks or stones, body of wall, whole body of wall inside has formed an air blanketing that interruption is arranged in vertical direction along the body of wall axis.Perpendicular to the body of wall axis direction, big cuboid end face contacts with little cuboid end face, and mortar is only laid along the strip boss, by means of the strip boss on the big cuboid end face, make the grooved part of end face form cavity, also formed air blanketing with adjacent block.Against existing technologies, rib in the middle of the utility model building block with all vertical correspondence of mortar joint the core hole, air blanketing and foam cement slurry filler intercept the conduction of heat along building block rib or mortar joint, the wall body structure globality is stronger, eliminated the cold bridge of body of wall comprehensively, improved the heat insulation effect of building block to greatest extent, heat-insulating property is better.It is simple and reasonable for structure, and cost is low, and speed of application is fast, efficient is high.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is that the utility model is built the schematic diagram that is connected by laying bricks or stones.
Number in the figure is: 1. concrete main body, 2. foam cement slurry filler, 11. grooves, 12. air cracks, 13. boss, 14. boss.
The specific embodiment
From Fig. 1, Fig. 2 as can be seen, a kind of chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block with air blanketing, it includes concrete main body 1, foam cement slurry filler 2 etc., described concrete main body 1 is Chinese character pin-shaped structure, which is provided with the core hole of three up/down perforations, foam cement slurry filler 2 is poured in the core hole, forms composite thermal self-insulation building block.Said concrete main body 1 material therefor is: strength grade is that 42.5 or 32.5 silicate series cement (portland cement, Portland cement, portland slag cement, Portland fly ash cement, portland pozzolan cement) is cementitious material, building waste with fragmentation replaces natural sand, stone material as coarse-fine aggregate in order to replacement or part, or replaces or partly replace the concrete block main body that sandstone aggregate forms lightweight with expanded perlite.Water, Admixture are arranged in addition.Wherein Admixture is high efficiency water reducing agent and the early strength admixture that market can have been bought.Concrete stirs in forced mixer and finishes, and uses block machine compression moulding.Behind the product molding, insert together with supporting plate and to carry out stream curing in the curing kilns.Said foam cement slurry filler 2 is made solution with blowing agent and water earlier, makes the process of foam and is finished by foaming machine.Will be through foaming finish mix slurry bubble foam, be filled in the core hole of the building block concrete main body 1 of being with supporting plate, the maintenance under normal temperature condition of inner foam cement slurry filler, treat the packing hardening of inner foam cement slurry after, promptly form foam cement slurry composite concrete insulation blocks.Adjacent block phase interconnected lock interlock when building by laying bricks or stones, all vertical corresponding the core hole of the rib in the middle of the building block and mortar joint, the obstruct of foam cement slurry filler has been eliminated the cold bridge of body of wall along the conduction of heat of building block rib or mortar joint, has improved the heat insulation effect of building block.
The utility model characteristics are: described concrete main body 1 end face is provided with a rectangular recess 11, is provided with the air crack 12 of a up/down perforation in the middle of the groove 11.The said groove 11 of the utility model connects along the body of wall axis direction at concrete main body 1 end face, and it is wide to be 20-35mm, is 5mm deeply.Place respective width when building by laying bricks or stones in the groove 11, the expanded polystyrene (EPS) of thick 10-20mm (EPS) lath, EPS lath upper surface are just in time concordant with the thick mortar of 10mm, and the polyphenyl lath has been blocked the conduction of heat of horizontal joint, has eliminated the horizontal joint cold bridge.The said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body 1 of the utility model is made up of two cuboids of size, vertically is provided with strip boss 13 on the big cuboid medial surface.When building by laying bricks or stones, adjacent block phase interconnected lock, also formed the air crack by means of the strip boss 13 on the big cuboid medial surface between lateral mass and the outer lateral mass in the body of wall, add the air crack 12 that every building block concrete main body 1 is provided with, whole body of wall inside has formed a vertical air blanketing that interruption is arranged in vertical direction along the body of wall axis, and heat-insulating property is better.As shown in Figure 3.
Vertically be provided with strip boss 14 on the big cuboid both ends of the surface of the said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body of the utility model 1, end face forms fluted body.Like this, the building block end is designed to grooved, and mortar is only vertically laid along strip boss 14, makes the most of cavity that keeps in perpends place, has also formed air blanketing perpendicular to the body of wall axis direction.As shown in Figure 3.
The inner superior foam cement slurry filler of heat-insulating property of filling in the utility model building block concrete main body core hole, building block concrete main body with the outside after the foam cement starchization forms composite thermal self-insulation building block, rib in the middle of the building block with all vertical correspondence of mortar joint the core hole, air blanketing and foam cement slurry filler intercept the conduction of heat along building block rib or mortar joint, the wall body structure globality is stronger, eliminated the cold bridge of body of wall comprehensively, improved the heat insulation effect of building block to greatest extent, heat-insulating property is better.It is simple and reasonable for structure, and cost is low, and speed of application is fast, efficient is high.
The overall dry volume density≤950kg/m of the utility model 3Building block main body entity grade of compressive strength is C5~C30; The composite block grade of compressive strength is MU2.5~MU20; The building block main body hole ratio of different size is 50%~60%, and thermal transmittance is the thick 0.38W/ m of being of 290mm 2K, 240mm is thick to be 0.55W/ m 2K, 190mm is thick to be 0.72 W/m 2K much smaller than the requirement of country about the energy saving building design standard, reaches relevant national standard about energy-conservation 65% requirement.

Claims (4)

1. chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block with air blanketing, it includes concrete main body, foam cement slurry filler, described concrete main body is Chinese character pin-shaped structure, which is provided with the core hole of three up/down perforations, foam cement slurry filler is poured in the core hole, it is characterized in that: described concrete main body end face is provided with a rectangular recess, is provided with the air crack of a up/down perforation in the middle of the groove.
2. the chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block of band air blanketing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said groove connects along the body of wall axis direction at the concrete main body end face, and it is wide to be 20-35mm, is 5mm deeply.
3. the chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block of band air blanketing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: vertically be provided with the strip boss on the big cuboid medial surface of said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body.
4. the chain type self-thermal insulation wall building block of band air blanketing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: vertically be provided with the strip boss on the big cuboid both ends of the surface of said Chinese character pin-shaped concrete main body.
CN2010205290385U 2010-09-15 2010-09-15 Interlocking-type self-heat-preserving wall body building block with air sandwich layer Expired - Fee Related CN201794205U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102296743A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-12-28 滑曙光 Non-bearing sintered composite thermal insulation building block
CN102605877A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-07-25 沈阳金铠建筑科技股份有限公司 External-protection heat-insulation wall body formed by cast-in-place tenon-and-mortise building blocks and construction method
CN103046685A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 胡连义 Self-insulation building block and manufacture method thereof
CN103233591A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-08-07 大连高马艺术设计工程有限公司 Novel rural heat preservation house
CN103046685B (en) * 2013-01-18 2016-11-30 重庆昆旺电子有限责任公司 A kind of heat insulation building block and manufacture method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102296743A (en) * 2011-05-30 2011-12-28 滑曙光 Non-bearing sintered composite thermal insulation building block
CN102605877A (en) * 2012-03-16 2012-07-25 沈阳金铠建筑科技股份有限公司 External-protection heat-insulation wall body formed by cast-in-place tenon-and-mortise building blocks and construction method
CN103046685A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-17 胡连义 Self-insulation building block and manufacture method thereof
CN103046685B (en) * 2013-01-18 2016-11-30 重庆昆旺电子有限责任公司 A kind of heat insulation building block and manufacture method thereof
CN103233591A (en) * 2013-04-03 2013-08-07 大连高马艺术设计工程有限公司 Novel rural heat preservation house
CN103233591B (en) * 2013-04-03 2016-01-06 大连高马艺术设计工程有限公司 Novel rural heat preservation house

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110413

Termination date: 20180915

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee