CN205907834U - Press from both sides difficult self preservation temperature plate that fires of core - Google Patents

Press from both sides difficult self preservation temperature plate that fires of core Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205907834U
CN205907834U CN201620397717.9U CN201620397717U CN205907834U CN 205907834 U CN205907834 U CN 205907834U CN 201620397717 U CN201620397717 U CN 201620397717U CN 205907834 U CN205907834 U CN 205907834U
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sides
plate
layer
substrate layer
fin
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CN201620397717.9U
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唐宏大
唐小雯
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唐宏大
唐小雯
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Abstract

The utility model provides a press from both sides difficult self preservation temperature plate that fires of core for building the building masonry wall, compriseing laminboard layer in the middle of the foaming thermal insulation material and consolidation substrate layer, outer substrate layer in the inorganic material on middle sandwich layer two sides, wherein, the laminboard layer on two adjacent limits of plate has the substrate layer on the inside and outside two sides of protrusion to form the bead, between the substrate layer on the inside and outside two sides of sandwich layer concave yield on all the other both sides of plate, at plate edge formation and the anastomotic recess of aforementioned bead. The utility model discloses a self preservation temperature wall materials's mode, need not plus the heat preservation, reduce wall body thickness, avoid the secondary construction, in the time of the energy saving, avoided wall body protective layer fracture, insulation material is ageing, phenomenons such as loosening appears in the heat preservation, hollowing. Self preservation temperature concrete panel is because its self characteristic, and coefficient of heat transfer is less, and it is effectual to keep warm, have simultaneously fine crushing resistance, anti -permeability again to long service life.

Description

A kind of fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich
Technical field
This utility model belongs to building material technical field and in particular to a kind of body of wall self-conserving heat plate.
Background technology
China's building energy conservation level is far below developed country, and the unit area energy consumption of building is still the 3- of close developed country 5 times, therefore energy-conservation is a fundamental state policy of China, country encourage development assembled architecture it is stipulated that 13 during body of wall sections Standard can bring up to 75%, wherein Development of Novel wall heat insulation material, solve material thermal and insulating performance, improve building enclosure from Heat-insulating property is one of emphasis developing direction.
About three kinds of wall thermal insulating mode at present, brick mix structure, frame structure and architectural lay wire structure.Traditional brick mixes Structure uses clay brick, is difficult to meet the requirement to building structure requirement energy-conservation for the today's society, and the thickness of body of wall is larger;Framework Structure wall can be filled with small concrete block and structural clay tile, but itself heat-insulating property of little building block poor in addition it is also necessary to In addition adopt Insulation, the waste of the energy and resource can be caused;Architectural lay wire is due to directly pasting 50 100mm outside The heat-insulation layers such as thick heat-insulation plate for external, but after so plastering outside, it is easily caused protective layer cracking, and the risk that comes off exists, with When two pieces of lay wire stitching portions due to contact leakiness, be easily caused cold bridge phenomenon.
China is used for industrial heat preservation and the Conventional insulation species of building heat preservation is more, and such as air entrained concrete and foam mix Solidifying soil is the novel energy-saving environment-friendly type construction material of current wide popularization and application, the bubble as disclosed in patent cn201010264056 , although heat conductivity is relatively low, heat insulation effect is preferable for foam concrete sheet material, but the filling of going along with sb. to guard him that purposes is limited only to building field is tied , also there is certain defect in the materials for wall of structure, such as low strength, cracking, water suction etc., often wall body slit, or Cold-heat bridge in gap between two boards, and causes seepage, the quality problems such as wall plastering hollowing, cracking by crack.
Clay haydite light weight, good endurance, thermal and insulating performance project, and therefore clay brick becomes good wall thermal insulating Material, but clay haydite produces and consumes that the energy is huge, environmental pollution is serious, and there is a problem of relatively costly, therefore its Using not obtaining significant progress and good popularization.
The application documents of patent application cn201010489490 disclose a kind of decorative heat preservation integral light concrete slab Material, is made up of concrete heat insulation layer and architectural concrete surface layer, and heat conductivity, between 0.1-0.15w/m.k, has certain guarantor Warm nature energy, but the performance such as its comprcssive strength and durability is all low, is suitable only for as heat-insulation layer sheet material.
The insulation supplementary material using at present, has no and accomplishes the autologous heat preservation energy-saving of walling 75% standard it is necessary to additional insulation Layer, time-consuming bothersome, disadvantage is the more.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich, for building construction body of wall, overcomes The above-mentioned deficiency of prior art.
The fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich of the present utility model by laminboard layer in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material and is fixedly arranged at middle folder Substrate layer, outer substrate layer composition in the inorganic material on central layer two sides, wherein, the laminboard layer on the two neighboring side of plate has protrusion The substrate layer on inside and outside two sides forms fin, between the substrate layer on the recessed inside and outside two sides of sandwich of layers on remaining both sides of plate, in plate Block edge forms the groove coincideing with aforementioned fin.
For making interplate fin and groove fit tightly, of the present utility model improving further is: described fin bag Include fin both sides parallel to plate plane, extend away from plate margin face and connect the evagination faceted pebble faced directly both sides directly, described is recessed Groove include groove both sides parallel to plate plane, stretch to the plate heart face and connect the inner concave arc surface that both sides are faced directly directly, its concave On groove face directly width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
For ease of manufacturing and constructing, in this utility model, the width that fin both sides are faced directly selects 2 30mm, groove both sides The width that layer is faced directly selects 0 28mm, and facing directly with the stand out of facing directly on groove on actually used middle fin is 1 20mm. The thickness of laminboard layer is 10 150mm, and the thickness of unilateral substrate layer is 5--240mm.
Middle laminboard layer in this utility model uses polyurethane combined material, and base material includes cement board, steam pressurized The construction material such as concrete slab and plasterboard.
Preparation method of the present utility model is: cast polyurethane combination feed collet core between interior substrate layer and outer substrate layer Layer, after solidification, bonding forms overall plate.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1st, this utility model, by the way of self-insulation wall material, without additional heat-insulation layer, reduces thickness of wall body, avoids Secondary construction;While energy saving, it is to avoid body of wall protective layer cracking, insulation material is aging, and heat-insulation layer occurs loose, empty The phenomenons such as drum., due to its own characteristic, heat transfer coefficient is less, heat insulation effect for self-insulating concrete sheet material described in the utility model Good;There is good crushing resistance, impermeability, and long service life simultaneously again, be a kind of preferable self-thermal insulation material.
2nd, the insulation interlayer of self-insulation wall material plate described in the utility model adopts fin and groove design, is answering With in make closed butt joint between insulation material, solve the problems, such as the cold-heat bridge such as gap cavity in traditional material construction.Therein convex Rib faces the straight flange that width is longer than groove directly, considers the applied thickness of blockhouse mortar or Jiao Kou in use, and in Between the material of fin and groove belong to foamed materialss, have certain compressibility, can compress by real in construction usage, compression is convex Contact point between rib and groove, realizes combining closely between insulating foam, formed in body of wall integration heat-insulation layer it is therefore an objective to Solve the problems, such as the cold-heat bridge of body of wall and prevent thermal-insulating waterproof from leak source occurring.This material has excellent heat insulation effect simultaneously;Have The little characteristic of heat conductivity, polyurethane heat-insulation therein hard bubbles core heat conductivity≤0.024 w/m.k, it is possible to achieve country will Walling energy-conservation 75% target asked;Fire-retardant rank reaches b1 the or b2 level that gb 8624-2012 specifies, simultaneously this self-heat conserving sheet material Physical property good, indeformable do not shrink, the self-insulating wall material physical property being formed with substrate combination is obviously improved, and has simultaneously Standby water proof soundproof effect, stability is high, can significantly extend walling service life, and real realization is with building with life-span effect;
3rd, this utility model disposably solves the problems, such as walling heat preservation energy-saving it is not necessary to separately do heat preservation construction, material-saving And man-hour;
4th, this utility model belongs to batch production self-insulation wall material and produces, and without doing external thermal insulation again, solves external thermal insulation Pollution and construction disturb residents problem;
5th, save labour force, this utility model directly forms a complete production network self-thermal insulation material due to have selected batch production, significantly subtracts Lack external thermal insulation recruitment, improved efficiency of construction, the reduction of erection time, reduce the integrated cost of construction wall simultaneously.
6th, sandwich self-conserving heat plate of the present utility model can exchange the economic benefit of high added value, this reality for by low cost With new applicant and the cast self-insurance of the high energy-saving sandwich of base material manufacturing enterprise co-production such as domestic many foam cement sheet materials Warm plate, the offline sheet material of base material board assembly line is carried out cast polyurethane combination material, you can realize the upgrading life of product Produce.Realize the purpose of this utility model.
7th, by the Sandwich board block of production of the present utility model, improve the intensity of former base material, by polyurethane material Cast heat cure, hence it is evident that reducing the breakage of walling, improves yield rate.
8th, a kind of sandwich self-conserving heat plate provided by the utility model overcomes conventional outer wall concrete needs another laying Heat-insulation layer, construction is complicated, labor intensive material resources, and the shortcoming of surface layer stability difference.Sandwich self-heat conserving plate described in the utility model The self-heat conserving layer of block is combined by cast with substrate layer material, and during production, self-thermal insulation material and substrate layer material strong bonded are one Body, it is to avoid the base material such as existing foam concrete heat-preserving plate occurs putting into the phenomenons such as loose, hollowing;And the resistance of the laminboard layer poured into a mould Combustion performance reaches b2 or b1 level, and fire protecting performance is excellent, avoids the pollution problem to environment for the construction of exterior insulation system simultaneously.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is this utility model front view.
Fig. 2 is this utility model side view.
Fig. 3 is this utility model axonometric chart.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Refering to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich of the present utility model is by sandwich in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material Layer 2 and be fixedly arranged at substrate layer 3, outer substrate layer 1 in the foam cement on middle sandwich of layers two sides and form, wherein, adjacent the two of plate The laminboard layer on individual side has the substrate layer protruding inside and outside two sides to form fin 2-1, and the sandwich of layers on remaining both sides of plate is recessed inside and outside Between the substrate layer on two sides, form, in plate margin, the groove 2-2 coincideing with aforementioned fin.Described fin 2-1 includes fin Both sides parallel to plate, extend away from facing 2-1-1 directly and connecting the outer convex globoidal 2-1-2 that faces directly of both sides of plate margin, described is recessed Groove include groove 2-2 both sides parallel to plate plane 2-2-1, stretch to the plate heart face and connect the inner concave arc surface that both sides are faced directly directly 2-2-2, in its further groove face directly width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
Preparation method is: by the interior substrate layer 3 of foamed cement material and outer substrate layer 1 be placed on substrate layer accommodating chamber, In the casting moulds of fin die cavity, fill in occupy-place block in the position needing to form groove, holding die cavity width is 60mm, length is 300mm, highly for 600mm, corresponding with the length and width size of base material.B1 level polyether combined material and isocyanate weight are than for 1: 1.6 weight portions, take 0.40 kilogram of isocyanate liquid to be added in the container filling 0.25 kilogram of b1 level polyether combined material liquid It is cast in after mixing and stirring in the die cavity between inside and outside basic unit, form middle sandwich of layers 2, the demoulding after solidification, obtain sandwich difficult Combustion self-conserving heat plate.
Embodiment 2
Refering to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich of the present utility model by sandwich in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material, 2 and be fixedly arranged at substrate layer 3, outer substrate layer 1 in the Gypsum Fibrosum on middle sandwich of layers two sides and form, wherein, the two neighboring side of plate Laminboard layer has the substrate layer protruding inside and outside two sides to form fin 2-1, the recessed inside and outside two sides of sandwich of layers on remaining both sides of plate Between substrate layer, form, in plate margin, the groove 2-2 coincideing with aforementioned fin.Described fin 2-1 includes fin both sides to be put down Row in plate plane, extend away from facing 2-1-1 directly and connecting the outer convex globoidal 2-1-2 that faces directly of both sides of plate margin, described groove 2-2 include groove both sides parallel to plate plane 2-2-1, stretch to the plate heart face and connect the inner concave arc surface 2- facing directly both sides directly 2-2, in its further groove face directly width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
Preparation method is: support that operation is implemented using mould and protector, by long 4000mm, and wide 1200mm, cavity width is 50mm, two panels Gypsum Fibrosum, cast heat-insulating layer foaming combination material in the die cavity of 3,1 intermediate course, this combination material is fire-retardant poly- by b2 level Ether combination material 1 weight portion, isocyanates 1.8 weight portion, 0.154 kilogram of isocyanate liquid is added to and fills 0.086 public affairs Jin b2 level flame retarding polyether combines in the container of feed liquid body, is poured into rapidly in interlayer cavity after stirring, forms folder in the middle of self-heat conserving Layer 2, plasterboard is inside and outside substrate layer, and the thickness of plasterboard is 10mm, sloughs mould and protector, obtain partition wall after heat-insulation layer solidification The plate fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich.
Embodiment 3
Refering to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich of the present utility model is by sandwich in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material Layer 2 and the steam pressure being fixedly arranged at middle sandwich of layers two sides add substrate layer 3 in aerated concrete plate, outer substrate layer 1 forms, wherein, plate The laminboard layer on two neighboring side have the substrate layer protruding inside and outside two sides to form fin 2-1, the sandwich of layers on remaining both sides of plate is recessed Enter between the substrate layer on inside and outside two sides, form, in plate margin, the groove 2-2 coincideing with aforementioned fin.Described fin includes Fin both sides parallel to plate plane, extend away from facing 2-1-1 directly and connecting the outer convex globoidal 2-1-2 that faces directly of both sides of plate margin, Described groove 2-2 include groove both sides parallel to plate plane, stretch to facing 2-2-1 directly and connecting both sides and face directly of the plate heart Inner concave arc surface 2-2-2, in its further groove face directly width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
Preparation method is to be 600mm by length, and width is 3mm, and thickness is that the two panels steam pressure of 160mm adds aerated concrete sheet material 3rd, 1 it is placed on substrate layer accommodating chamber, in the casting moulds of fin die cavity, is placed with occupy-place block in the position needing to form groove Mould, keeps cavity width to be 0.05 meter.By polyether combined material 1 weight portion, the ratio of isocyanates 1.6 weight portion, by 0.33 Kilogram isocyanate liquid be added in the container of polyether combined material liquid fill 0.21 kilogram mixing, stir rapidly It is cast in afterwards in the die cavity between inside and outside basic unit, after solidification, forms middle sandwich of layers 2, the demoulding, obtain integrated sandwich fire retardant certainly Heat insulation board.
Embodiment 4
Refering to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich of the present utility model by sandwich in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material, 2 and be fixedly arranged at the interior substrate layer 3 that middle sandwich of layers two sides is with calcium silicate board with microporous as liner plate, decorative panel is as panel, outer substrate layer 1 forms, Wherein, the laminboard layer on the two neighboring side of plate has the substrate layer protruding inside and outside two sides to form fin 2-1, remaining both sides of plate The substrate layer on the recessed inside and outside two sides of sandwich of layers between, plate margin formed with aforementioned fin coincide groove 2-2.Described Fin include fin both sides parallel to plate plane, extend away from facing 2-1-1 directly and connecting the evagination faced directly of both sides of plate margin Cambered surface 2-1-2, described groove 2-2 include groove both sides parallel to plate plane, stretch to the plate heart face 2-2-1 and connection directly The inner concave arc surface 2-2-2 that both sides are faced directly, in its further groove face directly width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
Preparation method is: selects the thick calcium silicate board with microporous of 600mm length, 600mm width, 10mm and heat insulating decorative board, is done using calcium silicate board with microporous Liner plate, decorative panel is panel.With the supporting mould formwork with protector between plate, form the accommodating chamber that width is 50mm, fin Die cavity, using polyether combined material and isocyanate weight than for 1:1.6 weight portion, takes 0.67 kilogram of isocyanate liquid to be added to Fill mixing in the container of 0.42 kilogram of polyether combined material liquid, be cast between liner plate and decorative panel after stirring rapidly In die cavity, curing and demolding, obtain the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich.

Claims (3)

1. the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of a kind of sandwich, is characterized in that: by laminboard layer in the middle of foamed heat-insulating material be fixedly arranged at middle folder Substrate layer, outer substrate layer composition in the inorganic material on central layer two sides, wherein, the laminboard layer on the two neighboring side of plate has protrusion The substrate layer on inside and outside two sides forms fin, between the substrate layer on the recessed inside and outside two sides of sandwich of layers on remaining both sides of plate, in plate Block edge forms the groove coincideing with aforementioned fin.
2. a kind of fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of sandwich according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described fin includes fin two Side parallel to plate plane, extend away from plate margin face and connect the evagination faceted pebble faced directly both sides directly, described groove includes recessed Groove both sides parallel to plate plane, stretch to the plate heart face and connect the inner concave arc surface that both sides are faced directly directly, straight in its further groove Face width be slightly smaller than fin on face width directly.
3. the fire retardant self-conserving heat plate of a kind of sandwich according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the width choosing that fin both sides are faced directly Select 2 30mm, width that groove both sides layer is faced directly selects 0 28mm, on actually used middle fin face directly with groove on straight Face stand out is 1 20mm;The thickness of laminboard layer is 10 150mm, and the thickness of unilateral substrate layer is 5 240mm.
CN201620397717.9U 2016-05-05 2016-05-05 Press from both sides difficult self preservation temperature plate that fires of core Active CN205907834U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109025047A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 山东芳林昊天钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of sandwich batten of granular polystyrene calcium silicate board with microporous

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109025047A (en) * 2018-08-29 2018-12-18 山东芳林昊天钢结构工程有限公司 A kind of sandwich batten of granular polystyrene calcium silicate board with microporous
CN109025047B (en) * 2018-08-29 2021-03-19 山东芳林昊天钢结构工程有限公司 Polystyrene particle silicon-calcium plate sandwich ribbon board

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