CN102561581A - Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof - Google Patents

Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102561581A
CN102561581A CN2011104626044A CN201110462604A CN102561581A CN 102561581 A CN102561581 A CN 102561581A CN 2011104626044 A CN2011104626044 A CN 2011104626044A CN 201110462604 A CN201110462604 A CN 201110462604A CN 102561581 A CN102561581 A CN 102561581A
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China
Prior art keywords
building block
heat
insulating
block
mortar
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CN2011104626044A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭昊
于作文
李兆海
吕云鹏
万冲昊
魏常霖
高宏远
彭冠华
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彭昊
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Priority to CN201110206263.4 priority Critical
Priority to CN201110206263 priority
Application filed by 彭昊 filed Critical 彭昊
Priority to CN2011104626044A priority patent/CN102561581A/en
Publication of CN102561581A publication Critical patent/CN102561581A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a structure form of a self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block. The building block consists of a left half block, a right half block and interrupted heat bridges, wherein the left half block and the right half block are made in the direction of an axial line of the building block, are of same shape, size and are asymmetric bilaterally, an interrupted part of each central line of each interrupted heat bridge is arranged in a same inclined surface, heat-insulating pads are clamped in the interrupted parts of the interrupted heat bridges of the building blocks, heat-insulating materials are arranged in cavities of the building block, the width and the thermal resistance of the building block are regulated by changing the thicknesses of the heat-insulating pads and the heat-insulating materials, above all components are bundled up to form a whole body by a nonmetallic bundling belt, and a forming mode of the building block comprises a concrete vibration-pressing manner, a concrete casting manner and an extrusion sintering molding manner. The invention relates to a using method of the self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block. The using method of the building brick comprises the following steps of: carrying out heat-insulating mortar building, vertical slot compact filling, transverse slot full paving, upper and lower layer dislocating hole-aligning stubble compressing, a first local anti-cracking plaster on parts, wherein the parts are easy to generate dry shrinkage slots and on combined parts of the building block wall body, beam posts and the like, and carrying out uniform anti-cracking plaster on the wall surface of the building block wall body and the outer surface of the elastic mortar by the anti-cracking mortar, so that dry shrinkage values of four main materials, namely the self heat-insulating bricking block, heat-insulating mortar, the elastic mortar and the anti-cracking mortar, are sequentially reduced.

Description

Self-heat conserving sound insulation building block and method for using thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to building energy conservation, is a kind of self-heat conserving sound insulation building block and method for using thereof that need not the secondary insulation.
Background technology:
30% of the total power consumption of China building energy consumption account whole society at present; Along with its building energy consumption of fast development of town and country construction will be broken through 50% of the total power consumption of society; And the energy consumption of building maintenance wall accounts for 30% of building total energy consumption; The external-wall external-insulation energy-saving mode of public and civil building 50%, 65% fractional energy savings of generally carrying out has now produced the exterior trim pull-up major accidents such as fire takes place frequently that fall; It will be argued that and research and develop the not only power save mode of instead external wall outer insulation of self-insulation wall material energetically, and should be as the major fields that improve building energy conservation index energy-saving and emission-reduction low-carbon economy.The sandwich heat preservation building block CN2013399266Y that I have authorized; High thermal resistance assembled building blocks CN201343812Y; Primary and secondary walling body of wall CN201649351U; Utility model patents such as heat and sound insulated wall CN201635213U; Though it is each has something to recommend him but not enough below existing: as the building block of retaining wall major part; Because the outer wall of its structure upper edge heat transfer direction or the biography bridge that internal-rib has formed heat and sound, this will directly influence the insulation and the soundproof effect of building block.The bayonet type self-heat conserving sound insulation blockwork 201110206263.4 of my application on July 14th, 2011, the building block that its weak point one is this body of wall major part needs two molds; The 2nd, its semiproduct divide big half block and two kinds of little half block again, and certain inconvenience is arranged in production management, and the 3rd, body of wall and beam column joint portion place only depends on the wipe one's face poor reliability of its cracking resistance of one deck anticracking grout.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention relates to a kind of self-heat conserving sound insulation block structure form; This building block is to process asymmetric left half block in the identical left and right sides of geomery and right half block along the building block axis direction; Interrupt heat bridge, each heat bridge center line interruptions is positioned at same inclined-plane, folds up heat insulating mattress in each heat bridge interruptions of building block; Heat insulating material is placed at each cavity place in building block; Width and the building block thermal resistance of the thickness adjustment building block through changing heat insulating mattress and heat insulating material are tied up formation integral body with nonmetal strapping with above each several part, and this block forming mode comprises shakes pressure concrete mode, pour concrete mode and extrude the sinter molding mode.
The present invention relates to a kind of method for using of self-heat conserving sound insulation building block; This building block with thermal insulation mortar build by laying bricks or stones, perps irritates real, transverse joint is completely spread, the levels dislocation is pressed stubble to the hole; With elastic mortar joint portions such as this blockwork and beam column be prone to being produced drying shrinkage seam place carries out the first time local anticracking and wipes one's face; With anticracking grout this blockwork metope and elastic mortar external surface are carried out unified anti-cracking plastering, more than the drying shrinkage value of four kinds of main material heat insulation building blocks, thermal insulation mortar, elastic mortar, anticracking grout reduce successively.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the one, develop the materials for wall that a kind of thorough replacement external-wall external-insulation energy-saving mode realizes body of wall and same life-span of exterior trim, no disaster hidden-trouble; The 2nd, invent and a kind ofly meet the existing norm of construction in various places and thickness of wall body and can reach the universal architecture that energy-conservation limit value thoroughly interrupts heat and sound biography bridge; The 3rd, the kind through adjustment building block, heat insulating material and the parameter of relevant heat preservation and soundproof realize the optimum efficiency of building block and wall thermal insulating, sound insulation, and the body of wall fractional energy savings breaks through 75%, 83%, 88%, catches up with and surpasses the world's advanced levels; The 4th, can realize above purpose with a mold; The 5th, realize also can accomplishing any adjustment within the specific limits of building block width with a mold; The 6th, wipe one's face at the easy drying shrinkage seam place increase one deck elastic mortar that produces of body of wall and beam column joint portion, prevent the crack at this place, joint portion; Seven is reductions successively of four kinds of main material drying shrinkage values, effectively prevents be full of cracks, the infiltration of surface of wall; The 8th, some nonmetal strappings not only are locked each separating part and are integral body, are convenient to produce and transportation, and have guaranteed the bulk strength of building block and body of wall, have improved the anti-seismic performance of body of wall.
Description of drawings:
Figure of description is single two hole self-heat conserving sound insulation building block sketch mapes.1 is left half block building block in the accompanying drawing; The 2nd, right half block building block; The 3rd, heat insulating material; The 4th, heat insulating mattress; The 5th, nonmetal strapping.
The specific embodiment:
Instance one:
Building requirements: 65% fractional energy savings, wall heat transfer coefficient K≤0.6, thermal resistance R>=1.67,200 infilled walls, 3.5Mpa compressive strength, drying shrinkage value≤0.5.
The single diplopore self-heat conserving sound insulation building block of external form shown in Figure of description of pressing the concrete mode of production to produce with shaking is provided: building block specification 400*200*190, wherein the corresponding size of left half block 1 and 2 three heat bridges of right half block is respectively 100 degree stream curings behind 145mm, 95mm, 45mm, employing C10 float stone concrete building block raw material, the block forming; Heat insulating material 3 adopts the assembling of 20 kilograms per cubic meter benzene plate secondaries, heat insulating mattress 4 to adopt 10mm rigid polyurethane, nonmetal strapping 5 to adopt whole bundle of lock of two 80Kgs nylon snap closes; Build by laying bricks or stones with the M10 thermal insulation mortar.
This blockwork detects: thermal resistance R=2.25, and Coefficient K=0.417 is lower than setting 0.6 percent 30, reaches 75% fractional energy savings, and body of wall compressive strength 4.2Mpa is higher than setting 3.5Mpa, and drying shrinkage value 0.43 is lower than setting 0.5.

Claims (2)

1. self-heat conserving sound insulation building block; It is characterized in that: this building block is to process asymmetric left half block in the identical left and right sides of geomery and right half block along the building block axis direction; Interrupt heat bridge, each heat bridge center line interruptions is positioned at same inclined-plane, folds up heat insulating mattress in each heat bridge interruptions of building block; Heat insulating material is placed at each cavity place in building block; Width and the building block thermal resistance of the thickness adjustment building block through changing heat insulating mattress and heat insulating material are tied up formation integral body with nonmetal strapping with above each several part, and this block forming mode comprises shakes pressure concrete mode, pour concrete mode and extrude the sinter molding mode.
2. the method for using of a self-heat conserving sound insulation building block; It is characterized in that: this building block with thermal insulation mortar build by laying bricks or stones, perps irritates real, transverse joint is completely spread, the levels dislocation is pressed stubble to the hole; With elastic mortar joint portions such as this blockwork and beam column be prone to being produced drying shrinkage seam place carries out the first time local anticracking and wipes one's face; With anticracking grout this blockwork metope and elastic mortar external surface are carried out unified anti-cracking plastering, more than the drying shrinkage value of four kinds of main material heat insulation building blocks, thermal insulation mortar, elastic mortar, anticracking grout reduce successively.
CN2011104626044A 2011-07-14 2011-12-23 Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof Pending CN102561581A (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110206263.4 2011-07-14
CN201110206263 2011-07-14
CN2011104626044A CN102561581A (en) 2011-07-14 2011-12-23 Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof

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CN2011104626044A CN102561581A (en) 2011-07-14 2011-12-23 Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof

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CN2011104626044A Pending CN102561581A (en) 2011-07-14 2011-12-23 Self heat-insulating sound-insulating building block and using method thereof
CN2011104617469A Pending CN102535657A (en) 2011-07-14 2011-12-23 Multifunctional fire-resistant insulation board and production method thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111926986A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-13 安徽恒创环保建材有限公司 Heat-insulating and sound-insulating brick for building

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103308544B (en) * 2013-06-07 2016-03-23 山东省计算中心 Standard thermistor
CN106121123A (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-11-16 东北大学 Improve method and the building block pattern of building-block thermal property

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CN101319545A (en) * 2008-07-18 2008-12-10 吴方伯 Heat preservation building blocks for construction
EP2003259A2 (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-17 Mein Ziegelhaus GmbH & Co. KG Building brick
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200971583Y (en) * 2006-11-28 2007-11-07 合肥中科大新材料有限公司 M-shaped composite self thermal insulation building blocks
EP2003259A2 (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-12-17 Mein Ziegelhaus GmbH & Co. KG Building brick
CN101319545A (en) * 2008-07-18 2008-12-10 吴方伯 Heat preservation building blocks for construction
CN202370157U (en) * 2011-07-14 2012-08-08 彭昊 Self-insulation sound-proofing building block

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111926986A (en) * 2020-08-05 2020-11-13 安徽恒创环保建材有限公司 Heat-insulating and sound-insulating brick for building

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CN102535657A (en) 2012-07-04

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Application publication date: 20120711