CN202248495U - Angular heat-insulating building block - Google Patents

Angular heat-insulating building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202248495U
CN202248495U CN2011203873834U CN201120387383U CN202248495U CN 202248495 U CN202248495 U CN 202248495U CN 2011203873834 U CN2011203873834 U CN 2011203873834U CN 201120387383 U CN201120387383 U CN 201120387383U CN 202248495 U CN202248495 U CN 202248495U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
heat
insulating
building
wall
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011203873834U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔凡营
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Shandong University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN2011203873834U priority Critical patent/CN202248495U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202248495U publication Critical patent/CN202248495U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an angular heat-insulating building block, which belongs to the field of building materials and is used for building heat-insulating wall bodies. The angular heat-insulating building block is formed by integrating higher bulges and lower bulges which are mutually interlaced left and right, a bedding surface of the building block is a stepped flat surface, heat-insulating through holes are distributed on the bedding surface, are arranged in a mutually interlaced manner and are filled with heat-insulating materials, and an opposite surface of the bedding surface is a flat surface. The angular heat-insulating building block does not have a cold bridge, thus no mortar joint cold bridge exists in a wall body built by the building blocks, and the energy saving effect and shock resistance of the wall body are remarkably improved.

Description

A kind of dihedral heat insulating building block
Technical field
The application belongs to construction material.
Background technology
At present, compare, use the self heat insulation wall of self-insulating concrete building block that the advantage of himself is arranged, as reduced cold bridge (heat bridge) and heat transfer area, obviously improved the thermal and insulating performance of body of wall with other wall thermal insulating form; When masonry panel, disposal molding, very convenient; Be easy to guarantee workmanship; And need not adopt other any special heat insulation measure, and solved the globality and the weatherability of building heat preservation heat insulation wall, make the application life of wall insulation system consistent with building; The adhesion strength of self heat insulation wall and cement is high, and its exterior wall finish construction is simple, firm, has solved problems such as the easy hollowing of other heat-preserving wall exterior wall finish comes off.Simultaneously, the self heat insulation wall cost is low, and is convenient to detect and the control quality, has reduced the construction cost of heat-insulation system.In a word, because above-mentioned plurality of advantages, self-insulating concrete building block and body of wall thereof will have broad application prospects, and develop and develop this technology, will advance China's building energy conservation work to develop in a healthy way, and have significant social and technology economy advantage.Along with the continuous application of China's wall self-insulation building block in actual engineering, also highlighted the problem of some existence:
(1) because the horizontal mortar joint and the perpends place of heat insulation building block body of wall are easy to form cold bridge (heat bridge), cut down the heat-insulating property of building block greatly.Form the phenomenon of cold bridge (heat bridge) easily for the perpends place; Someone has taked building block is carried out the method that secondary inserts with polyphenyl plate, promptly after every layer of concrete block masonry finishes, between adjacent block; Level is inserted polyphenyl plate; This has obviously increased difficulty of construction relatively, and does not solve the cold bridge problem that the body of wall horizontal mortar joint causes, and needs further further investigation.
(2) compare with traditional cuboid heat insulation building block; The anti-seismic performance of some novel heat insulation building block obviously improves; Mainly be can collude cover or interspersed each other each other with skin-deep adjacent building block, but adjacent two skin building blocks still only depend on masonry mortar bonding, the ability of body of wall opposing horizontal thrust is big not enough; That is to say that the body of wall anti-seismic performance is high not enough, necessity of further further investigation is quite arranged.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to eliminate the horizontal mortar joint cold bridge (heat bridge) and perpends cold bridge (heat bridge) of body of wall, significantly improve the energy-saving effect of heat-preserving wall, significantly improve the body of wall anti-seismic performance simultaneously, its technical scheme is following:
1, makes traditional cuboid (perhaps square) shape heat insulation building block into shape building block as shown in Figure 4; Constitute with low platform 2 by high platform 1; High platform 1 is interlaced on left and right directions with low platform 2, is connected as a single entity, and its perspective view front view is as shown in Figure 1; The perspective view lateral view is as shown in Figure 2, and the perspective view vertical view is as shown in Figure 3.
2, building block shown in Figure 4 is the master ga(u)ge lattice building block of building a wall, and its slurry surface is the step plane, and the opposite of slurry surface is a plane, on its slurry surface, is distributed with the adiabatic through hole that staggers each other and arrange, and adiabatic through hole fills up heat insulating material, sees Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Figure 11.
3, the auxiliary specification building block of building a wall has two kinds, and promptly auxiliary specification building block A is as shown in Figure 5, and auxiliary specification building block B is as shown in Figure 6.
4, to invent building block can be sintered article to the application, also can be non-sintered article such as concrete block etc.
5, the building method of building block is:
(1) body of wall building by laying bricks or stones of the first skin building block from bottom to top, its stereogram is as shown in Figure 7; Building by laying bricks or stones of the second skin building block, its stereogram is as shown in Figure 8; Building by laying bricks or stones of the 3rd skin building block, its stereogram is as shown in Figure 9; Building by laying bricks or stones of the 4th skin building block, its stereogram is and for example shown in Figure 8, and the rest may be inferred by analogy for it.
(2) the building wall stereogram is shown in figure 10.
(3) building by laying bricks or stones with the skin building block: its body of wall horizontal sectional drawing is shown in figure 11.
(4) building by laying bricks or stones of adjacent two skin building blocks: see the body of wall vertical cross section, shown in figure 12.
As can beappreciated from fig. 4, the end face at the slurry surface of building block and building block two ends has all become step by traditional planar shaped, staggers each other about the two sides has been become by the overlapping shape of traditional orthography before and after the building block and the shape that highly do not wait.
Can find out that by the sharp Fig. 4 of Fig. 3 the heat-transfer path at building block two ends no longer is a straight line, has become broken line, the heat-transfer path significant prolongation, the cold bridge of building block itself (heat bridge) is eliminated, so please invent building block in this is no cold bridge (heat bridge) heat insulation building block.
Can find out that by Figure 11 the body of wall perpends no longer is a plummet face shape, but plummet folding face shape, the heat-transfer path significant prolongation, perpends cold bridge (heat bridge) is eliminated.
Can find out that by Figure 12 the body of wall horizontal mortar joint no longer is a horizontal plane, but become the step plane, the heat-transfer path significant prolongation, horizontal mortar joint cold bridge (heat bridge) is eliminated.
Can be found out that by Figure 11 and Figure 12 adjacent block is in level and vertically all collude cover mutually on the both direction, therefore, the stability of body of wall improves greatly, and anti-seismic performance significantly strengthens.
Because it is no cold bridge (heat bridge) heat insulation building block that the application invents building block, is dihedral, adjacent block is interted mutually, so be named as a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block.
A kind of dihedral heat insulating building block is used to build by laying bricks or stones non-bearing heat-preserving antidetonation body of wall.
The application's good effect is:
(1) eliminated all cold bridges of body of wall, energy-saving effect significantly improves;
(2) adjacent block is colluded cover mutually, and the body of wall anti-seismic performance significantly strengthens.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of front view of dihedral heat insulating building block, and Fig. 2 is a kind of lateral view of dihedral heat insulating building block, and Fig. 3 is a kind of vertical view of dihedral heat insulating building block; Fig. 4 is a kind of stereogram of dihedral heat insulating building block, and Fig. 5 is the stereogram of auxiliary specification building block A, and Fig. 6 is the stereogram of auxiliary specification building block B; Fig. 7 first skin building block build stereogram by laying bricks or stones, Fig. 8 is the stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones of the second skin building block, Fig. 9 is the stereogram of building by laying bricks or stones of the 3rd skin building block; Figure 10 is the building wall stereogram; Figure 11 is a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block masonry panel horizontal sectional drawing, and Figure 12 is a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block masonry panel vertical cross section, among the figure:
1---high platform; 2---low platform; 3---the adiabatic through hole and the heat insulating material of filling out; 5---auxiliary specification building block A; 6---a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block (building block of master ga(u)ge lattice); 9---auxiliary specification building block B; 10---horizontal mortar joint; 11---perpends.
The specific embodiment
With the clay is primary raw material; Add a small amount of flyash or levigate gangue, temper evenly, with brickmaking machine by Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and the base substrate of processing shown in Figure 6; After drying in the shade and parch, puts into base substrate the brickkiln roasting; The roasting back kiln discharge that finishes inserts foam-plastic blocks again in its adiabatic through hole, a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block (building block of master ga(u)ge lattice), auxiliary specification building block A and auxiliary specification building block B.When masonry panel, adopt thermal insulation mortar, to improve the wall thermal insulating effect.The masonry panel method is: according to shown in Figure 7, the masonry panel first skin building block according to shown in Figure 8, is built the second skin building block by laying bricks or stones, according to shown in Figure 9, and the 3rd skin building block, the rest may be inferred by analogy for it.The building wall stereogram is shown in figure 10, and the body of wall horizontal sectional drawing is shown in figure 11, and the body of wall vertical cross section is shown in figure 12.There is not any cold bridge in whole body of wall, and anti-seismic performance is good.

Claims (2)

1. dihedral heat insulating building block, it is characterized in that: it is connected as a single entity by the left and right sides interlaced high platform and low platform, and its slurry surface is the step plane, and the opposite of slurry surface is a plane.
2. the said a kind of dihedral heat insulating building block of claim 1 is characterized in that both sides are distributed with the adiabatic through hole that staggers each other and arrange on the slurry surface, adds full heat insulating material in the adiabatic through hole.
CN2011203873834U 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Angular heat-insulating building block Expired - Fee Related CN202248495U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203873834U CN202248495U (en) 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Angular heat-insulating building block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203873834U CN202248495U (en) 2011-10-09 2011-10-09 Angular heat-insulating building block

Publications (1)

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CN202248495U true CN202248495U (en) 2012-05-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108517978A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-09-11 吴江市金搏保温材料厂(普通合伙) A kind of fireproof heated board

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108517978A (en) * 2018-06-19 2018-09-11 吴江市金搏保温材料厂(普通合伙) A kind of fireproof heated board

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120530

Termination date: 20141009

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model