CN202206749U - Potato harvester - Google Patents

Potato harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202206749U
CN202206749U CN2011203539792U CN201120353979U CN202206749U CN 202206749 U CN202206749 U CN 202206749U CN 2011203539792 U CN2011203539792 U CN 2011203539792U CN 201120353979 U CN201120353979 U CN 201120353979U CN 202206749 U CN202206749 U CN 202206749U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveyer belt
potato
feeding
potato harvester
conveying belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011203539792U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵清建
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HEILONGJIANG BEIDAHUANG ZHONGRONG AGRICULTURE MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HEILONGJIANG BEIDAHUANG ZHONGRONG AGRICULTURE MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HEILONGJIANG BEIDAHUANG ZHONGRONG AGRICULTURE MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical HEILONGJIANG BEIDAHUANG ZHONGRONG AGRICULTURE MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2011203539792U priority Critical patent/CN202206749U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202206749U publication Critical patent/CN202206749U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a potato harvester, aiming to solve the problem that the traditional potato harvester has no collecting function, easily scratches peels in a harvesting process and is poor in soil cleaning effect. A first conveying belt is arranged obliquely by a certain angle with a horizontal plane, a second conveying belt is horizontally arranged at a high-end outlet of the first coneying belt, a third conveying belt is horizontally arranged in front of the second conveying belt and is located on the same horizontal plane with the second conveying belt, a roller is arranged above the second conveying belt, a feeding conveying belt is arranged at the outlet of the third conveying belt and is also arranged obliquely by a certain angle with the horizontal plane, a hopper is arranged at the outlet end of the feeding conveying belt, and a discharging conveying belt is arranged at the outlet of the hopper. The five conveying belts in the utility model are distributed in a detouring manner, are compact in structure and can be used for effectively removing soil blocks among the potatoes in a limited space, increasing the operation efficiency of the potato harvester, collecting the potatoes together in the harvesting process and ensuring that the potato peels are not scratched in the harvesting process.

Description

Potato harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of potato harvester.
Background technology
In mechanized agricultural operation, potato harvester is widely used, and existing potato harvester just excavates potato come out in the ridge, can't potato be taken in the aggregate bin, also needs manual work to pick up and chooses, and mechanization degree is not high.Existing potato harvester makes potato break skin in the results process easily.Though the potato harvester that has has collecting function, because the quantity of conveyer belt is few, and arrange unreasonablely, cause the clear native weak effect of potato harvester, influence the operational benefit of potato harvester.Cause the potato after the results to contain a large amount of soil blocks, cause the inconvenience of potato in transportation, process.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model provides a kind of potato harvester, does not have the problem that is prone to broken skin, clear native weak effect in collecting function, the results process to solve existing potato harvester.
The utility model is to solve the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme of taking to be:
The said potato harvester of the utility model comprises hitch frame, main frame, transmission mechanism and excavation cutter; Transmission mechanism is arranged on the main frame with the excavation cutter; Said potato harvester also comprises first conveyer belt, second conveyer belt, the 3rd conveyer belt, feeding conveyer belt, hopper, discharge conveyer belt, cutting disc and the press wheel that is installed on the main frame; Hitch frame is used for being connected with tractor, and hitch frame is connected with the main frame that is positioned at thereafter; First conveyer belt and horizontal plane are angled to be obliquely installed, and excavates the low side porch that cutter is arranged on first conveyer belt, and the both sides of excavating cutter are provided with cutting disc; The front end that excavates cutter is provided with press wheel, and second conveyer belt is horizontally disposed with the high-end exit that is located at first conveyer belt, and the 3rd conveyer belt level is provided with in the place ahead of second conveyer belt and is lower than second conveyer belt; The terminal top of second conveyer belt is provided with first running roller; First running roller is used for potato is moved into the 3rd conveyer belt from second conveyer belt, and the outlet of the 3rd conveyer belt is provided with second running roller, and second running roller is used for potato is moved into feeding conveyer belt from the 3rd conveyer belt; The exit of the 3rd conveyer belt is provided with feeding conveyer belt; Feeding conveyer belt also is obliquely installed with horizontal plane is angled, and the arrival end of feeding conveyer belt is a low side, and the port of export of feeding conveyer belt is high-end; The port of export place of feeding conveyer belt is provided with hopper, and the bottom of hopper is provided with the discharge conveyer belt; First conveyer belt, second conveyer belt, the 3rd conveyer belt, feeding conveyer belt and discharge conveyer belt are connected with tractor motive power output shaft through transmission mechanism; First conveyer belt, second conveyer belt, the 3rd conveyer belt and feeding conveyer belt all have in course of conveying the gap that can the earth removal on the potato be fallen.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is:
The described potato harvester of the utility model is provided with five conveyer belts; Five conveyer belts are circuitous shape to be laid, and in the confined space, has effectively removed the soil block in the potato, compact conformation; Improved the operating efficiency of potato harvester; And in gathering in the crops, can potato be collected in together, in the results process, guarantee the not broken skin of potato.
Concrete advantage shows the following aspects:
1, a press wheel is installed before excavating cutter,, is avoided soil block to get into hopper with potato with the crushing of the soil block on the ridge.
2, at the middle hypomere of first conveyer belt, two halos and two eccentric chain-wheels are arranged on installing one, one handle is arranged on the axle in addition, be used for adjusting the position of halo and eccentric chain-wheel, make the conveyer belt even running or produce vibration, make the better effects if of separating soil.
3, the end at first conveyer belt is provided with weeds and cauline leaf sorter, and weeds in first conveyer belt and cauline leaf are removed, and prevents that it from getting into second conveyer belt.
4, the end at first conveyer belt is provided with anti-potato clamping device, and for the ease of clear soil, the chain interspace of first conveyer belt is bigger, when potato is clamped in the gap, can the potato of clamping be removed when installing through this.
5, be provided with two wheeled clutches of belt, control discharge conveyer belt and other transmission mechanisms respectively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure stereogram of the utility model; Fig. 2 is the front view of the utility model, and Fig. 3 is the left view of Fig. 2, and Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is the vertical view of Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is the structure chart of second conveyer belt 5, the 3rd conveyer belt 6, and Fig. 7 is the left view of Fig. 6, and Fig. 8 is the vertical view of Fig. 6.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: shown in Fig. 1~5; The described potato harvester of this embodiment comprises hitch frame 1, main frame 2, transmission mechanism 10 and excavates cutter 11; Transmission mechanism 10 is arranged on the main frame 2 with excavation cutter 11; Said potato harvester also comprises first conveyer belt 4 that is installed on the main frame 2, second conveyer belt 5, the 3rd conveyer belt 6, feeding conveyer belt 7, hopper 8, discharge conveyer belt 9, cutting disc 12 and press wheel 3; Hitch frame 1 is used for being connected with tractor, and hitch frame 1 is connected with the main frame 2 that is positioned at thereafter; First conveyer belt 4 is obliquely installed with horizontal plane is angled; Excavation cutter 11 is arranged on the low side porch of first conveyer belt 4, and the both sides of excavating cutter 11 are provided with cutting disc 12, and the front end that excavates cutter 11 is provided with press wheel 3; Second conveyer belt 5 is horizontally disposed with the high-end exit that is located at first conveyer belt 4; The 3rd conveyer belt 6 levels are provided with in the place ahead of second conveyer belt 5 and the terminal top that is lower than second conveyer belt, 5, the second conveyer belts 5 is provided with the first running roller 5-1, and the first running roller 5-1 is used for potato is moved into the 3rd conveyer belt 6 from second conveyer belt 5; 6 outlets of the 3rd conveyer belt are provided with the second running roller 6-1; The second running roller 6-1 is used for potato is provided with feeding conveyer belt 7 from the exit that the 3rd conveyer belt 6 moves into feeding conveyer belt 7, the three conveyer belts 6, and feeding conveyer belt 7 also is obliquely installed with horizontal plane is angled; The arrival end of feeding conveyer belt 7 is a low side; The port of export of feeding conveyer belt 7 is high-end, and the port of export place of feeding conveyer belt 7 is provided with hopper 8, and the bottom of hopper 8 is provided with discharge conveyer belt 9; First conveyer belt 4, second conveyer belt 5, the 3rd conveyer belt 6, feeding conveyer belt 7 are connected with tractor motive power output shaft through transmission mechanism 10 with discharge conveyer belt 9; First conveyer belt 4, second conveyer belt 5, the 3rd conveyer belt 6 and feeding conveyer belt 7 all have in course of conveying the gap that can the earth removal on the potato be fallen.
This embodiment is provided with anti-potato clamping device at the end of first conveyer belt.
Embodiment two: shown in Fig. 1~5, the said potato harvester of this embodiment also is provided with hand steel wire rope 14, and the angle that hand steel wire rope 14 is used to adjust discharge conveyer belt 9 is to change the discharge height.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one.
Embodiment three: shown in Fig. 1~5, the said potato harvester of this embodiment also comprises operating desk 13, and said operating desk 13 is arranged on the main frame 2.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one.
Embodiment four: shown in Fig. 6~8; Described second conveyer belt 5 of this embodiment, the 3rd conveyer belt 6 constitute by two rubber strips 15 and a plurality of barred body 16, are joined together to form conveyer belt through a plurality of barred bodies 16 that are uniformly distributed with between two rubber strips 15; Each barred body 16 is made up of plug 16-1 and rubber layer 16-2, and parcel one deck rubber layer 16-2 is laid with several protruding 16-2-1 on the outer surface of said rubber layer 16-2 on plug 16-1; Leave between the adjacent barred body 16 that the earth removal that can make on the potato is fallen and gap that potato can not be missed.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one, two or three.
Embodiment five: shown in Fig. 6~8, the said plug 16-1 of this embodiment is a rod iron.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment four.
Embodiment six: said first conveyer belt 4 of this embodiment, feeding conveyer belt 7 and discharge conveyer belt 9 are chain link formula conveyer belt.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one, two, three or five.
Embodiment seven: shown in Fig. 1~5, the said potato harvester of this embodiment also comprises sorter 17, and said sorter 17 is arranged on the exit of first conveyer belt 4.Other composition and annexation and embodiment six phase are together.
Embodiment eight: shown in Fig. 1~5, the angle between said first conveyer belt 4 of this embodiment and the horizontal plane is 20 °~45 °, and the angle β between feeding conveyer belt 7 and the horizontal plane is 20 °~45 °.Other composition and annexation are identical with embodiment one.
Operation principle: the described potato harvester of the utility model is by the tractor-drawn more than 35 horsepowers, and when advancing, press wheel 3 flattens the ridge; And crush soil block; The cutting disc 12 that excavates cutter 11 both sides is cut-outs such as weeds, excavates cutter 11 simultaneously potato is dug out, and by first conveyer belt 4, second conveyer belt 5, the 3rd conveyer belt 6 and feeding conveyer belt 7 potato sent in the hopper 8; All form because of each conveyer belt, in the time of conveying soil is disposed by the link of interval certain size.In order to prevent that potato from breaking skin, second and third conveyer belt adopts special rubber outer link, and native more on first conveyer belt 4, the speed of feeding conveyer belt 7 is lower, so do not adopt rubber outer.After hopper is filled, can start discharge conveyer belt 9, the angle of simultaneously available hand steel wire rope 14 adjustment discharge conveyer belts 9, thus change the discharge height.
The drive mechanism of transmission mechanism;
First power transmission shaft is connected with tractor motive power output shaft, and discharge conveyer belt 9 is connected with first power transmission shaft through the wheeled clutch of belt.Second power transmission shaft is connected with first power transmission shaft through the wheeled clutch of belt, and the other end of second power transmission shaft is connected with transmission case.The front axle of transmission case is connected with the 3rd conveyer belt 6 with one group of belt wheel through one group of sprocket wheel.The rear axle of transmission case is connected with second conveyer belt 5 with one group of belt wheel through power transmission shaft.The side shaft of transmission case is connected with feeding conveyer belt 7 through two groups of sprocket wheels.The side shaft of transmission case is connected with first conveyer belt 4 with two groups of sprocket wheels through power transmission shaft.

Claims (8)

1. potato harvester; Said potato harvester comprises hitch frame (1), main frame (2), transmission mechanism (10) and excavates cutter (11); Transmission mechanism (10) and excavation cutter (11) are arranged on the main frame (2); It is characterized in that: said potato harvester also comprises first conveyer belt (4), second conveyer belt (5), the 3rd conveyer belt (6), feeding conveyer belt (7), hopper (8), discharge conveyer belt (9), cutting disc (12) and the press wheel (3) that is installed on the main frame (2); Hitch frame (1) is used for being connected with tractor, and hitch frame (1) is connected with the main frame (2) that is positioned at thereafter;
First conveyer belt (4) is obliquely installed with horizontal plane is angled; Excavation cutter (11) is arranged on the low side porch of first conveyer belt (4), and the both sides of excavating cutter (11) are provided with cutting disc (12), and the front end that excavates cutter (11) is provided with press wheel (3); Second conveyer belt (5) is horizontally disposed with the high-end exit that is located at first conveyer belt (4); The 3rd conveyer belt (6) level is provided with in the place ahead of second conveyer belt (5) and is lower than second conveyer belt (5), and the terminal top of second conveyer belt (5) is provided with first running roller (5-1), and first running roller (5-1) is used for potato is moved into the 3rd conveyer belt (6) from second conveyer belt (5); The 3rd conveyer belt (6) outlet is provided with second running roller (6-1); Second running roller (6-1) is used for potato is moved into feeding conveyer belt (7) from the 3rd conveyer belt (6), and the exit of the 3rd conveyer belt (6) is provided with feeding conveyer belt (7), and feeding conveyer belt (7) also is obliquely installed with horizontal plane is angled; The arrival end of feeding conveyer belt (7) is a low side; The port of export of feeding conveyer belt (7) is high-end, and the port of export place of feeding conveyer belt (7) is provided with hopper (8), and the bottom of hopper (8) is provided with discharge conveyer belt (9); First conveyer belt (4), second conveyer belt (5), the 3rd conveyer belt (6), feeding conveyer belt (7) and discharge conveyer belt (9) are connected with tractor motive power output shaft through transmission mechanism (10); First conveyer belt (4), second conveyer belt (5), the 3rd conveyer belt (6) and feeding conveyer belt (7) all have in course of conveying the gap that can the earth removal on the potato be fallen.
2. potato harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said potato harvester also is provided with hand steel wire rope (14), and the angle that hand steel wire rope (14) is used to adjust discharge conveyer belt (9) is to change the discharge height.
3. potato harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said potato harvester also comprises operating desk (13), and said operating desk (13) is arranged on the main frame (2).
4. according to claim 1,2 or 3 described potato harvesters; It is characterized in that: described second conveyer belt (5), the 3rd conveyer belt (6) constitute by two rubber strips (15) and a plurality of barred body (16), are joined together to form conveyer belt through a plurality of barred bodies (16) that are uniformly distributed with between two rubber strips (15); Each barred body (16) is made up of plug (16-1) and rubber layer (16-2), goes up parcel one deck rubber layer (16-2) at plug (16-1), is laid with several convexities (16-2-1) on the outer surface of said rubber layer (16-2); Leave between the adjacent barred body (16) that the earth removal that can make on the potato is fallen and gap that potato can not be missed.
5. potato harvester according to claim 4 is characterized in that: said plug (16-1) is a rod iron.
6. according to claim 1,2,3 or 5 described potato harvesters, it is characterized in that: said first conveyer belt (4), feeding conveyer belt (7) and discharge conveyer belt (9) are chain link formula conveyer belt.
7. potato harvester according to claim 6 is characterized in that: said potato harvester also comprises sorter (17), and said sorter (17) is arranged on the exit of first conveyer belt (4).
8. potato harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the angle (α) between first conveyer belt (4) and the horizontal plane is 20 °~45 °, and the angle (β) between feeding conveyer belt (7) and the horizontal plane is 20 °~45 °.
CN2011203539792U 2011-09-21 2011-09-21 Potato harvester Expired - Lifetime CN202206749U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203539792U CN202206749U (en) 2011-09-21 2011-09-21 Potato harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011203539792U CN202206749U (en) 2011-09-21 2011-09-21 Potato harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202206749U true CN202206749U (en) 2012-05-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011203539792U Expired - Lifetime CN202206749U (en) 2011-09-21 2011-09-21 Potato harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202206749U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858581A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-06-18 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Potato harvester
CN104071586A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 瓜州县农联农机服务有限公司 Liquorice excavating, sieving, storing and discharging integrated machine
CN104904401A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 张家口凯旋通机械有限责任公司 Multifunctional full-automatic potato combine harvester
CN107409591A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-12-01 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 A kind of Licorice harvester
CN109168547A (en) * 2018-10-13 2019-01-11 广东嗨学云教育科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic potato collection device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103858581A (en) * 2014-03-24 2014-06-18 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Potato harvester
CN103858581B (en) * 2014-03-24 2016-03-23 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 A kind of potato harvester
CN104071586A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-01 瓜州县农联农机服务有限公司 Liquorice excavating, sieving, storing and discharging integrated machine
CN104904401A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-09-16 张家口凯旋通机械有限责任公司 Multifunctional full-automatic potato combine harvester
CN107409591A (en) * 2017-05-19 2017-12-01 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 A kind of Licorice harvester
CN109168547A (en) * 2018-10-13 2019-01-11 广东嗨学云教育科技有限公司 A kind of full-automatic potato collection device

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Granted publication date: 20120502