CN201226682Y - Small-size hill whole-rod type sugarcane combine - Google Patents

Small-size hill whole-rod type sugarcane combine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201226682Y
CN201226682Y CNU2008201042783U CN200820104278U CN201226682Y CN 201226682 Y CN201226682 Y CN 201226682Y CN U2008201042783 U CNU2008201042783 U CN U2008201042783U CN 200820104278 U CN200820104278 U CN 200820104278U CN 201226682 Y CN201226682 Y CN 201226682Y
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China
Prior art keywords
sugarcane
harvester
sugar
feeding
small
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008201042783U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李尚平
梁式
陈伟叙
麻芳兰
李立新
程志青
赖晓
纪东伟
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
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Priority to CNU2008201042783U priority Critical patent/CN201226682Y/en
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Publication of CN201226682Y publication Critical patent/CN201226682Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

A minitype hilly whole sugar-cane combine harvester is an integral system which is optimized by physical distribution, is complicated and supermatic and realizes mechatronics and hydraulics integration. An actuating unit of the harvester is composed of a diesel engine, a travel drive mechanism and a transfer gear which supplies power for a mechanisms for supporting sugar-canes, chopping sugar-canes, feeding, conveying, cutting the tail and stripping leaves; the mechanism for supporting sugar-canes is installed below the front end of the harvester, a device for cutting the tail is arranged above the front end of the harvester, the mechanisms for feeding and conveying adopt an intermediate ventral type chain transfer mechanism which is arranged in the middle of the harvester, and the mechanism for stripping leaves is positioned behind the intermediate ventral type chain transfer mechanism and clings to a sugar-cane collection mechanism, so as to complete all the functions of reaping whole sugar-canes; furthermore, the combine harvester can adapt to the field operation in southern mountain areas and has the advantages of strong grade ability, compact and reasonable structure, little power consumption, high degree of automation, low cost, and the like.

Description

Small-sized hills combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of harvesting sugarcane machinery, particularly small-sized sugarcane combine.
Technical background
The harvesting approach of sugarcane mainly contains two kinds at present: a kind of is whole stalk formula hand harvest, another kind is the segmented mechanized harvest, and preceding a kind of not only manual labor is heavy, and efficient is low, cost is high, a kind of equipment cost height in back, and strong inadequately to the landform adaptive capacity.
The combine that China develops at present voluntarily has side hanging, the whole bar results of stripping leaf formula type etc., and their automaticity is not high and in the level land plantation, the sugarcane strain is evenly big or small, under the not serious situation that lodges, can work normally basically.In China south and cane planting major area such as the most country in Southeast Asia be in the hilly country, influenced by typhoon, monsoon, the comparatively mixed and disorderly and serious lodging of sugarcane production, sugarcane ground weeds are from life.Under such mal-condition, above type cisco unity malfunction.So the application of above type and popularization have certain limitation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides and a kind ofly can improve harvesting sugarcane quality and efficient, adapts to the small-sized whole rod-type four wheel drive cane combine of high automation of southern fritter field and hillside work and highly intensive labour operation.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that
Small-sized hills combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper comprises power, docking, hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, feeding, carry the stripping leaf, collection sugarcane and running gear, it is characterized in that: actuating unit is by diesel engine, walking driving mechanism and transfer gear constitute, transfer gear passes to front-wheel and trailing wheel with diesel powered, hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, cut slightly, feeding, carry, leaf-peeling mechanism provides power by diesel engine, hold up sugarcane mechanism to be installed in grain header front end below, the docking device is installed in grain header front end top, belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of feeding and conveying mechanism adopt, be located at the middle part of grain header, the back of belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of leaf-peeling mechanism is positioned at, near collection sugarcane mechanism, many sugarcanes are delivered to leaf-peeling mechanism by middle belly formula chain transmission mechanism after docking, peeling leaves of sugarcane is entered collection sugarcane mechanism later on, under driver's control, sugarcane is poured over both sides by the time fill the back, breaks apart by chopping thereby finish, docking, the whole process of harvesting sugarcane work such as stripping leaf and collection.
Described running gear adopts rear wheel drive, the also structure that can adopt front-wheel and trailing wheel to drive simultaneously.
Described collection sugarcane mechanism both sides are provided with automatic tilting structure, have the mode that can topple over sugarcane respectively from two sides automatically.
The described serial Chinese patent of cutting sugarcane, feeding, docking and leaf-peeling mechanism and being installed in position employing the applicant of cane harvester, their patent No. is respectively: ( 03235289.1The cane harvesting machine sugar cane supporter, 97213638.XCane leaf stripper, 98212485.6The multifunctional small-size cane leaf stripper, 99207091.0The small-sized cane leaf stripper of self-propelled, 00208352.3The peeling leaves of sugarcane roller that non-rectilinear is arranged, 200420017714.5The small-scale type sugarcane harvester sugarcane cutter, 200620157493.0The stripping leaf device of cane harvester, 200720083368.4Cane harvester is cut device slightly, 200720083369.9Sugarcane combine) concrete content and structure specification and the accompanying drawing of seeing above-mentioned patent.
The utlity model has following advantage:
Cane harvester of the present utility model is the mechanical-electrical-hydraulic integration system of a complexity, comprised hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, a whole set of functions such as feeding, docking, stripping leaf and collection sugarcane, and the flowage structure that adopts a series of Chinese patents of independent intellectual property right to wait to design cane harvester inside and logistics optimized.Special adopt that whole rod-type harvesting, four wheel drive, climbing capacity are strong, descending safety, compact conformation, be adapted to the operation of southern hills area, combine has rationally distributed, belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of feeding and conveying mechanism adopt, sugarcane enters from middle belly formula, and can enter simultaneously by many sugarcanes, flow process is successional; That running gear adopts is wheeled, rear wheel drive and do not have four wheel drive mode under road or the abominable road conditions under the condition of hard pavement, the also structure that can adopt front-wheel and trailing wheel to drive simultaneously, width is according to the actual count design data of southern sugarcane field between the wheel of walking, be suitable for general landform and hillside complex area operation, can carry out the speed change walking.By optimization to this device integral structure layout, draw one group of optimization parameter at Small Model Sugar Cane Harvester, the transfer mode and the speed of service that comprise each mechanism, design Small Model Sugar Cane Harvester with rational structural pattern and workflow, and through kinematics and dynamic analysis optimization and experimental verification, show cut sugarcane, hold up sugarcane quality height, overall power consumption is little, rational in infrastructure, easily manufactured, cost is lower, volume is little in light weight, use flexibly, characteristics such as operating reliability is high, adhesion property good, cross-country power is strong, low price long service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the topology layout schematic diagram of the small-sized hills of the present invention combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is middle belly formula chain transmission mechanism.
Fig. 4 be Fig. 3 to view.
Component names among the figure: 1, docking device; 2, hold up the sugarcane device; 3, sugarcane cutter; 4, feeding unit; 5, conveying plant; 6, transfer gear; 7, stripping leaf device; 8, diesel engine; 9, collection sugarcane device.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 be the structure flow process schematic layout pattern of small-sized hills combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper: small-sized hills combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper comprises power, hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, feeding, carry, docking, the stripping leaf, collection sugarcane device and running gear, diesel engine 8 is installed in the grain header rear portion, transfer gear 6 is installed in the grain header middle part, transfer gear is given and is held up sugarcane mechanism 2, cut sugarcane mechanism 3, intake mechanism 4, conveying mechanism 5, docking device 1, leaf-peeling mechanism 7 provides power, hold up sugarcane mechanism 2 to be installed in grain header front end below, docking device 1 is installed in grain header front end top, belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of intake mechanism and conveying mechanism 5 adopt, be located at the middle part of grain header, the back of belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of leaf-peeling mechanism 7 is positioned at is near collection sugarcane mechanism 9.
Fig. 3 and Fig. 4 are the transfer machine compositions, and feeding and conveying mechanism 5 adopt middle belly formula chain transmission mechanism, are located at the middle part of grain header, the back of belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of leaf-peeling mechanism 7 is positioned at.
The walking manner of grain header is wheeled, rear wheel drive under the condition of hard pavement and do not have the road or abominable road conditions under four wheel drive; A whole set of flow path device is arranged on the centre of combine; Sugarcane is issued to favourable docking and cuts the state of sugarcane in the effect of holding up the sugarcane device, and the docking device of preceding system docks to sugarcane earlier, and the double-pole sugarcane cutter breaks apart by chopping sugarcane then; Sugarcane is fed into conveying plant through feeding unit, is input to stripping leaf device by conveying plant, flies in the collection sugarcane device with certain speed under the conveying of leaf-peeling mechanism; Collection sugarcane device can be poured over both sides to sugarcane under driver's control, thereby finishes the whole process of harvesting sugarcane work such as breaking apart by chopping, dock, shell leaf and collection.

Claims (3)

1. small-sized hills combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper, comprise power, hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, feeding, carry, docking, the stripping leaf, collection sugarcane and running gear, it is characterized in that: actuating unit is by diesel engine (8), walking driving mechanism and transfer gear constitute, transfer gear (6) passes to front-wheel and trailing wheel with diesel powered, hold up sugarcane, cut sugarcane, cut slightly, feeding, carry, leaf-peeling mechanism provides power by diesel engine (8), hold up sugarcane mechanism (2) to be installed in grain header front end below, docking device (1) is installed in grain header front end top, belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of feeding and conveying mechanism (5) adopt, be located at the middle part of grain header, the back of belly formula chain transmission mechanism in the middle of leaf-peeling mechanism (7) is positioned at, near collection sugarcane mechanism (9)
2, small-sized hills according to claim 1 combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper is characterized in that: the structure that running gear adopts rear wheel drive or adopts front-wheel and trailing wheel to drive simultaneously.
3, small-sized hills according to claim 1 combined whole-rod sugarcane cropper is characterized in that: collection sugarcane mechanism both sides are provided with automatic tilting structure.
CNU2008201042783U 2008-06-04 2008-06-04 Small-size hill whole-rod type sugarcane combine Expired - Fee Related CN201226682Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201042783U CN201226682Y (en) 2008-06-04 2008-06-04 Small-size hill whole-rod type sugarcane combine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008201042783U CN201226682Y (en) 2008-06-04 2008-06-04 Small-size hill whole-rod type sugarcane combine

Publications (1)

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CN201226682Y true CN201226682Y (en) 2009-04-29

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102090209A (en) * 2011-03-04 2011-06-15 程广森 Long-stalked crop harvester
CN102150509A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-08-17 广西大学 Integral-stalk tip-breaking leaf-peeling and crushing integrated mechanism for sugarcane harvester
CN103039193A (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-17 广西壮族自治区农业机械研究院 Sugarcane collecting device installed on whole rod type sugarcane harvester to collect sugarcane
CN104303703A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-01-28 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Whole rod type sugarcane combine-harvester and passageway assembly thereof
CN104365277A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Section cutting type sugarcane combine harvester and channel assembly thereof
CN105284282A (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-02-03 黄保山 Integral bar type sugarcane harvester
CN110122061A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-16 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of whole stalk type cane harvesting machine
CN110122059A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-16 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of structure for conveying of sugar-cane cutting machine

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102150509A (en) * 2011-02-28 2011-08-17 广西大学 Integral-stalk tip-breaking leaf-peeling and crushing integrated mechanism for sugarcane harvester
CN102150509B (en) * 2011-02-28 2013-05-29 广西大学 Integral-stalk tip-breaking leaf-peeling and crushing integrated mechanism for sugarcane harvester
CN102090209A (en) * 2011-03-04 2011-06-15 程广森 Long-stalked crop harvester
CN102090209B (en) * 2011-03-04 2012-12-19 程广森 Long-stalked crop harvester
CN103039193A (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-17 广西壮族自治区农业机械研究院 Sugarcane collecting device installed on whole rod type sugarcane harvester to collect sugarcane
CN105284282A (en) * 2014-06-05 2016-02-03 黄保山 Integral bar type sugarcane harvester
CN104303703A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-01-28 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Whole rod type sugarcane combine-harvester and passageway assembly thereof
CN104365277A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-25 中首信(贵州)现代农业装备有限公司 Section cutting type sugarcane combine harvester and channel assembly thereof
CN110122061A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-16 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of whole stalk type cane harvesting machine
CN110122059A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-16 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 A kind of structure for conveying of sugar-cane cutting machine
CN110122059B (en) * 2019-06-20 2021-08-17 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Conveying structure of sugarcane harvester

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090429

Termination date: 20130604