CN201938068U - Scallion harvester - Google Patents

Scallion harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201938068U
CN201938068U CN2010206632252U CN201020663225U CN201938068U CN 201938068 U CN201938068 U CN 201938068U CN 2010206632252 U CN2010206632252 U CN 2010206632252U CN 201020663225 U CN201020663225 U CN 201020663225U CN 201938068 U CN201938068 U CN 201938068U
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China
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shallot
wheel
axle
scallion
earthenware
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CN2010206632252U
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Chinese (zh)
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马提阔
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a scallion harvester, comprising a rack, a hanging frame, a lifting frame, a scallion digging knife and a transmission mechanism, wherein the transmission mechanism comprises a power input shaft and a gear box which are in transmission connection; the scallion harvester characterized in that the position under the rack is equipped with a scallion pulling device which is capable of pulling up and transmitting back the scallion and turning the scallion from longitudinal direction to transverse direction; a mud cleaning device is arranged under the scallion pulling device; the back side of the scallion pulling device is provided with an arc-shaped tray of which opening is upward; a supporting board is arranged between the mud cleaning device and the arc-shaped tray; and a pressing device is arranged above the arc-shaped tray. The scallion harvester provided by the utility model realizes mechanization of the whole process of scallion digging, scallion pulling, mud cleaning and scallion placing, extremely reduces labour intensity, enhances working efficiency, and simultaneously and obviously reduces the phenomenon that the scallion is easy to be broken in manual harvest process.

Description

The shallot reaping machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, specifically, relates to a kind of shallot reaping machine.
Background technology
Along with the continuous improvement of kind, export volume is increasing, and shallot has become the important economic crops of northern China some areas.But along with very light blue more and more longer, the height on green onion ridge is more and more higher, and the difficulty of shallot results is also increasing.At present, the results of shallot all adopt traditional manual type, promptly utilize spade etc. that the soil of green onion ridge one side is outwards opened, shallot root one side is hollowed out, expose very light bluely, gently pull up with have gentle hands again, labour intensity is big, and production efficiency is low, and the harvest season need be dropped into great amount of manpower.
There is a kind of semimechanized shallot to track down and recover machine in the market, it is a power with agricultural hand tractor, drives and digs the soil that the green onion cutter digs loose shallot one side, again by manually shallot being extracted from soil, purer manually tracking down and recovering saved the excavation operation of requiring great effort, but operating efficiency is still very low.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to overcome above-mentioned defective, and providing a kind of all is that mechanization is finished automatically from digging green onion, pulling out green onion to putting, and can reduce labour intensity, the shallot reaping machine that can increase work efficiency again.
For addressing the above problem, the technical scheme that the utility model adopted is:
A kind of shallot reaping machine, comprise frame, be fixed on the frame front end hitching frame, be installed in frame front crane, be installed in and dig green onion cutter and transmission mechanism on the frame front end bottom surface, described transmission mechanism comprises power input shaft and the gearbox that is in transmission connection, it is characterized in that: described frame comprises horizontal frames and oblique frame, and the front end of oblique frame is fixed on the horizontal frames middle front part; The below of frame is provided with and shallot can be pulled up, transmits rearward, and makes shallot by vertically transferring the horizontal green onion device that pulls out in transport process; Pull out the green onion device and be provided with some groups, each group is pulled out the green onion device and is comprised that all the axle center is that left side power wheel, right side power wheel and axle center are horizontal left side follower, right side follower longitudinally, on left side power wheel and the right side power wheel is fixedly mounted on respectively with gearbox is connected the power transmission shaft, the wheel shaft of left side follower is installed on the bearing block of bottom, horizontal frames rear end, and the wheel shaft of right side follower is installed on the bearing block at oblique frame rear end top; The left side power wheel is in transmission connection by left side driving-belt and left side follower; The right side power wheel is in transmission connection by right side conveyer belt and right side follower.
Further:
Be provided with several expansion tightening wheels in described left side driving-belt and/or the right side conveyer belt.
Be fixed with left side guide plate and right side guide plate on the axle sleeve of the power transmission shaft of described left side power wheel and right side power wheel respectively.
The bottom of the power transmission shaft of described left side power wheel and right side power wheel is installed with left side group green onion tooth respectively and the green onion tooth is dialled on the right side.
On the described oblique frame depth-limiting mechanism is installed, comprises gauge wheel and gauge wheel support, the upper end of gauge wheel support is movably arranged on the oblique frame by bearing pin; Gauge wheel is installed in the lower end of gauge wheel support by the gauge wheel wheel shaft.
The rear side of described gauge wheel support is provided with stopping means, comprises the swivel nut that is fixed on the oblique frame and is threaded in the interior caging bolt of swivel nut, and the front end of caging bolt holds out against the gauge wheel support.
The described rear side that pulls out the green onion device is provided with the arc pallet that opening makes progress, and the arc pallet is hinged on the pallet axle, and the two ends of pallet axle are separately fixed on the oblique frame.
The top of described arc pallet is provided with down depressor, it comprises the lower pressing claw of depressor support, following depressor axle and several arcs down, and following depressor support is fixedly mounted on the frame, and the two ends of following depressor axle are hinged on down respectively on the depressor support, lower pressing claw be arranged in parallel, and an end is fixed on down on the depressor axle; One end of following depressor axle is installed with down the depressor power wheel, and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar and the following depressor drive that is fixedly mounted on the gauge wheel wheel shaft.
Described below of pulling out the green onion device is provided with native clearly device, comprises earthenware and clear earthenware support clearly, and clear earthenware support is fixedly connected on the oblique frame; Clear earthenware comprises that earthenware axle clearly, two are fixed on the disk on the earthenware axle clearly and evenly are located at some clear native bars between two disks, and the two ends of clear native bar are fixedly connected on respectively on the excircle of two disks; The two ends of clear earthenware axle are installed in clearly on the earthenware support by bearing block respectively; The outside of one of them disk is provided with earthenware power wheel clearly, and clear earthenware power wheel is fixedly mounted on clearly on the earthenware axle, and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar and the clear earthenware drive that is fixedly mounted on the follower wheel shaft of right side.
Be provided with supporting plate between described clear earthenware and the arc pallet, supporting plate is fixed on the pallet stand, and pallet stand is fixedly connected on the oblique frame.
Owing to adopted technique scheme, tracking down and recovering machine with traditional artificial results with the semi-mechanization shallot compares, the utility model has been realized digging green onion, has been pulled out green onion, clear soil, put entire mechanization, greatly reduced labour intensity, improved operating efficiency, simultaneously, also obviously reduced the artificial results phenomenon of disconnected green onion easily.
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of following depressor described in the embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of arc pallet described in the embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of clear earthenware described in the embodiment of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 dials the structural representation of green onion tooth for group green onion tooth of left side described in the embodiment of the present utility model, right side.
Among the figure: the 1-lower pressing claw; Depressor power wheel under the 2-; Depressor axle under the 3-; Depressor support under the 4-; 5-right side follower; The clear earthenware drive of 6-; The 7-wheel shaft; The 8-supporting plate; 9-left side follower; The 10-pallet stand; The 11-swivel nut; The 12-cover; The 13-caging bolt; The 14-bearing pin; The clear earthenware support of 15-; The oblique frame of 16-; The 17-horizontal frames; The 18-expansion tightening wheel; The 19-crane; The 20-gearbox; The 21-universal joint; The 22-power input shaft; The 23-hitching frame; The 24-tool rest; 25-left side guide plate; 26-right side guide plate; 27-right side power transmission shaft; 28-digs the green onion cutter; 29-right side power wheel; 30-dials on the right side green onion tooth; The 31-left side drive shafts; 32-left side power wheel; 33-dials the green onion tooth in the left side; 34-left side driving-belt; 35-right side conveyer belt; The 36-disk; The clear earthenware axle of 37-; The clear earthenware power wheel of 38-; 39-gauge wheel support; 40-gauge wheel wheel shaft; Depressor drive under the 41-; The 42-gauge wheel; 43-transmission bar; 44-pallet axle; 45-arc pallet; 46-transmission bar; The clear native bar of 47-.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
A kind of shallot reaping machine, as shown in Figure 1, comprise frame, be fixed on the frame front end hitching frame 23, be installed in frame front crane 19, dig green onion cutter 28 and transmission mechanism.Described frame comprises horizontal frames 17 and oblique frame 16, and the front end of oblique frame 16 is fixed on the middle front part of horizontal frames 17.On the front end bottom surface of horizontal frames 17 tool rest 24 is installed, digs green onion cutter 28 and be fixed on the tool rest 24 by fastening bolt.Described transmission mechanism comprises power input shaft 22 and the gearbox 20 that is in transmission connection by universal joint 21, and the top of horizontal frames 17 is fixed with cover 12.
The below of frame is provided with and shallot can be pulled up, transmits rearward, and makes shallot by vertically transferring the horizontal green onion device that pulls out in transport process.The described green onion device that pulls out is provided with some groups, if be provided with two groups, then can track down and recover two ridge shallots each time; If be provided with three groups, then can track down and recover three ridge shallots each time, or the like.Each group is pulled out the green onion device and is comprised that all the axle center is that left side power wheel 32, right side power wheel 29 and axle center are horizontal left side follower 9, right side follower 5 longitudinally, left side power wheel 32 is fixedly mounted on respectively on the left side drive shafts 31 and right side power transmission shaft 27 that is connected with gearbox 20 with right side power wheel 29, the wheel shaft of left side follower 9 is installed on the bearing block of bottom, horizontal frames 17 rear ends, and the wheel shaft 7 of right side follower 5 is installed on the bearing block at top, oblique frame 16 rear end.The terrain clearance of right side follower 5 is greater than the terrain clearance of right side power wheel 29, and the terrain clearance of left side follower 9 is greater than the terrain clearance of left side power wheel 32.Left side power wheel 32 is in transmission connection by left side driving-belt 34 and left side follower 9, is provided with several expansion tightening wheels 18 in the left side driving-belt 34; Right side power wheel 29 is in transmission connection by right side conveyer belt 35 and right side follower 5, also can be provided with several expansion tightening wheels in the right side conveyer belt 35.
Be fixed with left side guide plate 25 and right side guide plate 26 on the axle sleeve of described left side drive shafts 31 and right side power transmission shaft 27 respectively.The bottom of left side drive shafts 31 and right side power transmission shaft 27 is installed with respectively that green onion tooth 33 is dialled in as shown in Figure 5 left side and green onion tooth 30 is dialled on the right side.
The both sides of described oblique frame 16 all are equipped with depth-limiting mechanism, comprise gauge wheel 42 and gauge wheel support 39, and the upper end of gauge wheel support 39 is movably arranged on the oblique frame 16 by bearing pin 14; Gauge wheel 42 is installed in the lower end of gauge wheel support 39 by gauge wheel wheel shaft 40.The rear side of gauge wheel support 39 is provided with stopping means, comprises swivel nut 11 that is fixed on the oblique frame 16 and the caging bolt 13 that is threaded in the swivel nut 11, and the front end of caging bolt 13 is pressing closer gauge wheel support 39.
The described rear side that pulls out the green onion device is provided with the arc pallet 45 that opening makes progress, and the quantity of arc pallet 45 is identical with the group number that pulls out the green onion device.As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 3, on the arc pallet 45 hinged pallet axles 44, the two ends of pallet axle 44 are separately fixed on the oblique frame 16.Arc pallet 45 is provided with the breach of strip.The top of arc pallet 45 is provided with down depressor.As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, following depressor comprises the lower pressing claw 1 of depressor support 4, following depressor axle 3 and several arcs down.Following depressor support 4 is fixedly mounted on the frame, and the two ends of following depressor axle 3 are hinged on down respectively on the depressor support 4.Lower pressing claw 1 be arranged in parallel, and the one end is fixed on down on the depressor axle 3.1 three of lower pressing claws are one group, and its group number is identical with the number of arc pallet 45.In three lower pressing claws, two strip breach on the corresponding arc pallet 45 of the lower pressing claw in two outsides.One end of following depressor axle 3 is installed with down depressor power wheel 2, and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar 46 and the following depressor drive 41 that is fixedly mounted on the gauge wheel wheel shaft 40.
Described below of pulling out the green onion device is provided with native clearly device, as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 4, comprises earthenware and clear earthenware support 15 clearly, and clear earthenware support 15 is fixedly connected on the oblique frame 16.Clear earthenware comprises that earthenware axle clearly 37, two are fixed on the disk 36 on the earthenware axle 37 clearly and evenly are located at some clear native bars 47 between two disks 36, and the two ends of clear native bar 47 are fixedly connected on respectively on the excircle of two disks.The two ends of clear earthenware axle 37 are installed in clearly on the earthenware support 15 by bearing block respectively.The outside of one of them disk is provided with earthenware power wheel 38 clearly, and clear earthenware power wheel 38 is fixedly mounted on clearly on the earthenware axle 37, and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar 43 and clear earthenware drive 6 on the wheel shaft 7 that is fixedly mounted on right side follower 5.
Be provided with supporting plate 8 between described clear earthenware and the arc pallet 45, supporting plate 8 is fixed on the pallet stand 10, and pallet stand 10 is fixedly connected on the oblique frame 16.
Operation principle of the present utility model is summarized as follows:
During work, described shallot reaping machine needs tractor-drawn and power is provided.At first, the shallot reaping machine is suspended on the afterbody of tractor by hitching frame 23, crane 19 is connected with the hydraulicefficiency elevation structure of tractor, and power input shaft 22 is connected with the rearmounted power take-off mechanism of tractor.Then,, adjust stopping means and depth-limiting mechanism, guarantee that digging the green onion cutter does not dig green onion disconnected when digging green onion according to the degree of depth of rhizome in soil of shallot.Under the traction of tractor, the shallot reaping machine is walked forward, digs green onion cutter 28 shallot is dug out; Then, under the guiding of left side guide plate 25 and right side guide plate 26, and green onion tooth 33 is dialled in the left side and dial under the stirring of green onion tooth 30 on the right side, and the shallot of digging out enters the gap of left side conveyer belt 34 and right side conveyer belt 35; Left side conveyer belt 34 and right side conveyer belt 35 are transmitted rearward the shallot of clamping respectively under the drive of left side power wheel 32 and right side power wheel 29, and in transport process, shallot is by vertically transferring to laterally, and the root of shallot inwards.When shallot was transferred into the top of earthenware clearly, the clear native bar 47 on the clear earthenware of rotation can clean out the earth of shallot root, drops in the field.When the shallot behind the clear soil was transferred into supporting plate 8 tops, because the gap of left side conveyer belt 34 and right side conveyer belt 35 becomes big, shallot was dropped on the supporting plate 8.And then, can be shifted onto on the arc pallet 45 by shallot afterwards again.When gauge wheel 42 is walked forward, can drive down depressor drive 41 and rotate, and drive depressor power wheel 2 down, and then depressor rotates under driving by transmission bar 46; The lower pressing claw 1 that rotates can be depressed the shallot that has accumulated some on the arc pallet 45, and it is dropped in the field.So far, the harvesting work of shallot is from digging green onion, just pulling out green onion, transmit and put and all finished.

Claims (10)

1. shallot reaping machine, comprise frame, be fixed on the frame front end hitching frame (23), be installed in frame front crane (19), be installed in and dig green onion cutter (28) and transmission mechanism on the frame front end bottom surface, described transmission mechanism comprises power input shaft (22) and the gearbox (20) that is in transmission connection, it is characterized in that: described frame comprises horizontal frames (17) and oblique frame (16), and the front end of oblique frame (16) is fixed on the middle front part of horizontal frames (17); The below of frame is provided with and shallot can be pulled up, transmits rearward, and makes shallot by vertically transferring the horizontal green onion device that pulls out in transport process; Pull out the green onion device and be provided with some groups, each group is pulled out the green onion device and is comprised that all the axle center is that left side power wheel (32), right side power wheel (29) and axle center are horizontal left side follower (9), right side follower (5) longitudinally, left side power wheel (32) is fixedly mounted on respectively on the power transmission shaft that is connected with gearbox (20) with right side power wheel (29), the wheel shaft of left side follower (9) is installed on the bearing block of bottom, horizontal frames (17) rear end, and the wheel shaft of right side follower (5) is installed on the bearing block at oblique frame (16) top, rear end; Left side power wheel (32) is in transmission connection by left side driving-belt (34) and left side follower (9); Right side power wheel (29) is in transmission connection by right side conveyer belt (35) and right side follower (5).
2. shallot reaping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with several expansion tightening wheels (18) in described left side driving-belt (34) and/or the right side conveyer belt (35).
3. shallot reaping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be fixed with left side guide plate (25) and right side guide plate (26) on the axle sleeve of the power transmission shaft of described left side power wheel (32) and right side power wheel (29) respectively.
4. shallot reaping machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the bottom of the power transmission shaft of described left side power wheel (32) and right side power wheel (29) is installed with left side group green onion tooth (33) respectively and green onion tooth (30) is dialled on the right side.
5. according to any described shallot reaping machine of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: on the described oblique frame (16) depth-limiting mechanism is installed, comprise gauge wheel (42) and gauge wheel support (39), the upper end of gauge wheel support (39) is movably arranged on the oblique frame (16) by bearing pin (14); Gauge wheel (42) is installed in the lower end of gauge wheel support (39) by gauge wheel wheel shaft (40).
6. shallot reaping machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the rear side of described gauge wheel support (39) is provided with stopping means, comprise the swivel nut (11) that is fixed on the oblique frame (16) and be threaded in the interior caging bolt (13) of swivel nut (11), the front end of caging bolt (13) holds out against gauge wheel support (39).
7. shallot reaping machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the described rear side that pulls out the green onion device is provided with the arc pallet (45) that opening makes progress, arc pallet (45) is hinged on the pallet axle (44), and the two ends of pallet axle (44) are separately fixed on the oblique frame (16).
8. shallot reaping machine according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the top of described arc pallet (45) is provided with down depressor, it comprises the lower pressing claw (1) of depressor support (4), following depressor axle (3) and several arcs down, following depressor support (4) is fixedly mounted on the frame, the two ends of following depressor axle (3) are hinged on down respectively on the depressor support (4), lower pressing claw (1) be arranged in parallel, and the one end is fixed on down on the depressor axle (3); One end of following depressor axle (3) is installed with down depressor power wheel (2), and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar (46) and the following depressor drive (41) that is fixedly mounted on the gauge wheel wheel shaft (40).
9. shallot reaping machine according to claim 8 is characterized in that: described below of pulling out the green onion device is provided with native clearly device, comprises earthenware and clear earthenware support (15) clearly, and clear earthenware support (15) is fixedly connected on the oblique frame (16); Clear earthenware comprises that earthenware axle (37) clearly, two are fixed on the disk (36) on the earthenware axle (37) clearly and evenly are located at some clear native bars (47) between two disks (36), and the two ends of clear native bar (47) are fixedly connected on respectively on the excircle of two disks; The two ends of clear earthenware axle (37) are installed in clearly on the earthenware support (15) by bearing block respectively; The outside of one of them disk is provided with earthenware power wheel (38) clearly, clear earthenware power wheel (38) is fixedly mounted on clearly on the earthenware axle (37), and it is in transmission connection by transmission bar (43) and the clear earthenware drive (6) that is fixedly mounted on the wheel shaft of right side follower (5).
10. shallot reaping machine according to claim 9 is characterized in that: be provided with supporting plate (8) between described clear earthenware and the arc pallet (45), supporting plate (8) is fixed on the pallet stand (10), and pallet stand (10) is fixedly connected on the oblique frame (16).
CN2010206632252U 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Scallion harvester Expired - Lifetime CN201938068U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206632252U CN201938068U (en) 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Scallion harvester

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206632252U CN201938068U (en) 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Scallion harvester

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CN2010206632252U Expired - Lifetime CN201938068U (en) 2010-12-16 2010-12-16 Scallion harvester

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102077727A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-01 马建海 Green Chinese onion harvester
CN102804967A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-12-05 徐子勇 Scallion harvester
CN103597947A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-26 青岛锐秀金属制品有限公司 Self-adaption machine frame of green Chinese onion combine harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102077727A (en) * 2010-12-16 2011-06-01 马建海 Green Chinese onion harvester
CN102077727B (en) * 2010-12-16 2012-11-21 马建海 Green Chinese onion harvester
CN102804967A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-12-05 徐子勇 Scallion harvester
CN103597947A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-26 青岛锐秀金属制品有限公司 Self-adaption machine frame of green Chinese onion combine harvester

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Granted publication date: 20110824

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