CN202149616U - Solar water heater with multiple inner containers - Google Patents

Solar water heater with multiple inner containers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202149616U
CN202149616U CN201120235298U CN201120235298U CN202149616U CN 202149616 U CN202149616 U CN 202149616U CN 201120235298 U CN201120235298 U CN 201120235298U CN 201120235298 U CN201120235298 U CN 201120235298U CN 202149616 U CN202149616 U CN 202149616U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water tank
tank
little
mouthpiece
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201120235298U
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Chinese (zh)
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谢祥辉
谢余杰
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谢祥辉
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a solar water heater with multiple inner containers, comprising a heat collecting pipe and a water storage box, wherein the heat collecting pipe is connected with the water storage box. The solar water heater is characterized in that the water storage box adopts a structure of a double-inner-container water box or a multi-inner-container water box; the structure of the double-inner-container water box comprises a large water box and a small water box; the structure of the multi-inner-container water box comprises a large water box and a plurality of small water boxes; the inner container water boxes are connected with one another by adopting an external underneath type connection structure; each small water box is internally provided with a water level hole and a temperature manhole, and a water outlet, a water box mouth piece, an electric heating hole, and a temperature control hole which is used for preventing dry-burning are arranged at the bottom of the small water box; and an automatic water filling device is arranged at the top of the large water box, and a spill-over hole or an exhaust hole, and a large water box mouth piece are arranged at the bottom of the large water box. The solar water heater with the multiple inner containers has the advantages that the structure is simple, the appearance is attractive, the energy conservation and the environment protection are realized, the fluidity of flowing water is strong, the application is wide, and the like.

Description

Multi-inner container solar water heater
Technical field
The utility model belongs to solar water heater field, particularly multi-inner container solar water heater.
Background technology
Solar water heater is converted into heat energy to solar energy, and water is heated to high temperature from low temperature, uses to satisfy the hot water of people in life, production.Solar water heater is made up of thermal-collecting tube, storage tank and related accessories, and converting solar energy to heat energy mainly is to rely on thermal-collecting tube, and the heat collector front receives the solar radiation temperature high; Thermal-collecting tube opaco temperature is low; And the water in the pipe just produces temperature difference reaction, and the principle of utilizing hot water come-up, cold water to sink makes the water generates microcirculation and reaches required hot water; In addition, the water capacity of storage tank, heat-insulating property, shape, structure and material selects the performance and the operation that will directly influence solar water heater for use.
The storage tank of solar water heater all adopts single water tank heat accumulation mode basically on the market, and this design drawback is obvious: 1, hot and cold water mixes and causes the effective use amount minimizing of hot water and sometimes hot and sometimes cold.When 2, needing hot water (winter is overcast and rainy) it is not hot, when not needing hot water (summer, burning sun was exposed to the sun) it is too hot, even " boiled ", be directed at easily and scald old man or child.3, a spot of hot water of an overcast and rainy human also needs long-time power consumption heating FCL cold water, toos many or too much for use after the heating and wastes.In order to address these problems, people have invented the water heater of two water tanks solar energies, and open source literature has also been reported some, as:
1. Chinese patent: two tank solar water heaters; Application number: CN200920043738.0, the applying date: 2009.05.31, publication number: CN201421192; Open day: 2010.03.10; Applicant: Jiangsu Badelite Solar Energy Technology Co., Ltd., address: No. 2, the Luo Xizhen soup village, Changzhou Nearctic, Jiangsu Province bridge circuit, inventor: Zhang Tongwei; Wang Yong; Meng Haiping; Qi Guoping, summary: a kind of pair of tank solar water heater comprises support, thermal-collecting tube; Thermal-collecting tube is fixedly mounted on the support, also is fixed with water tank on the support, and an end of thermal-collecting tube is inserted in the water tank; Also be installed with second water tank on the water tank, water tank communicates with second water tank.This utility model also is installed with second water tank owing on the water tank in use, and water tank communicates with second water tank; Hot and cold water in two water tanks fully mixes; Keep water temperature stability, and two water tanks have also strengthened the water tank moisture storage capacity, have solved the problem of insufficient water.
2. Chinese patent: two water tanks solar energy hot-water heating systems, application number: the CN201010298282.X applying date: 2010.09.30, open day of publication number: CN101936604A: 2011.01.05; Applicant: the precious positive solar industry in Haining Co., Ltd, address: No. 5, Mount Huang road, Haining City Jian Shan newly developed area, Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, inventor: Zhang Yunfei; Summary: a kind of pair of water tanks solar energy hot-water heating system, comprise heat collector, boiler and support, the heat collector upper end is communicated with boiler; Heat collector and boiler are erected on the support, and said boiler one side is provided with cold water storage cistern, and the cold water storage cistern bottom is communicated with the boiler bottom through mozzle; Feed pipe is communicated with the cold water storage cistern bottom; The pipeline of said feed pipe is provided with water pump, is provided with water-level probe in the cold water storage cistern, and water-level probe connects with the controller that the control water pump opens or cuts out.Boiler and cold water storage cistern all are mounted on the same support, and possess heat insulation, antifreeze function simultaneously, effectively guarantee the water quality in the water tank; In ice period, owing to distance between two water tanks is short, aqueduct is not easy to freeze, under situation about freezing, and also can be through hot water quick-thawing in the boiler.
3. Chinese patent: two tank solar water heaters, application number: CN200720300323.8, the applying date: 2007.12.24, publication number: CN201152639; Open day: 2008.11.19, applicant: Gong Yaosheng, address: WuJiaShan Middle School, Dongxihu District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, inventor: Gong Yaosheng; Summary: a kind of pair of tank solar water heater comprises: little water tank, large water tank, communicating valve; The convection current valve, inferior to head piece, main to head piece, vacuum tube; It is characterized in that: little water tank and large water tank are connected, and the electromagnetic communication valve is housed, and inferior electromagnetism convection current valve are equipped with at the head piece place.Its advantage is: under the inadequate or electrically heated situation of sunlight, when the hot water consumption is little, only to little water tank heating, not only immersion heater, and saves energy.
But after inventor's research, there are some defectives in above patent; Document 1 and 2 complex structure, the connected mode between the water tank is unreasonable, document 3 adopt magnetic valves to main to head piece and time head piece is controlled; Difficult installation and keep in repair cumbersomely in water tank, fault rate is higher, designs not science etc.; And when adopting regularly the moisturizing method, this moisturizing method generally is set in after at 24 o'clock in evening and 09 o'clock two time period of morning, being full of water tank on the water-heater water tank; Treat that the sun shines hot evening and uses; After using up this case hot water, can only wait to continue to be full of the electrical heating of water tank continued or shine heat second day sunshine just has hot water usefulness, and the half of also can taking a shower does not sometimes have the worried thing of hot water.Therefore, the defective of above patent becomes the technical barrier of the industry.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model; Promptly be to provide a kind of deficiency that can overcome existing solar energy hot water supply system; Do not need complex apparatus and big investment; Simple in structure, can either guarantee the quality that hot water is supplied, effectively adopt the multi-inner container solar water heater of outside underneath type syndeton again between the round-the-clock inner bag water tank of energy savings.
To achieve these goals; The utility model comprises thermal-collecting tube and storage tank; Thermal-collecting tube is connected with storage tank, is characterized in: described storage tank adopts two lattice inner bag water tanks or many lattice inner bag cisten mechanism, and described pair of lattice inner bag cisten mechanism comprises large water tank and little water tank; Described many lattice inner bag cisten mechanism comprises a large water tank and several little water tanks; It between the described inner bag water tank outside underneath type syndeton; Be provided with water level hole and warm inspecting hole in the little water tank, the bottom is provided with the temperature control hole of delivery port, little water tank mouthpiece, electrical heating hole and anti-dry; The top of large water tank is provided with automatic water replenishing device, and the bottom is provided with spill-over hole or steam vent and large water tank mouthpiece.
Adopting outside underneath type syndeton between the above-described inner bag water tank is to connect through leading to outward to take between little water tank mouthpiece and the large water tank mouthpiece, or connects through leading to outward to take between one of them little water tank mouthpiece and another the little water tank mouthpiece.
The upper end mouth of pipe of above-described large water tank mouthpiece is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of little water tank mouthpiece; Or one of them little water tank mouthpiece is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of another little water tank mouthpiece; According to the principle of hot water proportion than cold water light specific gravity, preferentially discharge on the top hot water of heat.
Above-described automatic water replenishing device comprises automatic water supply tank and filling pipe, is connected through filling pipe between automatic water supply tank and the large water tank.
Above-described several little water tanks are 2~4 little water tanks.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of this multi-inner container solar water heater is:
1. simple in structure, aesthetic in appearance.The utility model is divided into several zones with the inner water tank of water heater: adopt automatic water replenishing device moisturizing method, adopt external tube connector syndeton between the inner bag of large water tank and little water tank, fairly simple being prone to connects; And the inner bag diameter of water tank increased, solar energy vacuum tube increases, like this; Do not have under the situation of much variations at overall cost, each function optimization of solar water heater improves greatly, has solved the defective of solar water heater on the existing market; Aesthetic in appearance generous; And the water temperature of solar water heater large water tank when burning sun is exposed to the sun can be very not high yet, avoided hot water Tai Reshiyin improper use and scald the people; The water tank moisture storage capacity is big, can also three days usefulness of one day hot water.
2. energy-saving effect is remarkable.When sufficient, hot water is sufficient at sunshine at present general solar water heater, and summer, it was awfully hot during without hot water; But to winter, having three to four months every year all was to heat by electricity, and all was that constant temperature is incubated after adopting the one-time heating whole box water basically; Often too many or too much for use again after the heating, the time has been grown, and hot water has turned cold again; Continue starting electrical heating heated at constant temperature, constantly circulation heating repeatedly is so power consumption is very big.And the solar water heater of the utility model only adopts fast heating type economize on electricity heating to little water tank when needing electrical heating, and need not close any valve; Need not heat large water tank, the hot water in the little water tank after the heating can not gone here and there in the large water tank yet yet, and this is because large water tank and little water tank adopt the mode of outside underneath type syndeton; Water during heating in the little water tank leans on thermal convection current hot water, because hot water proportion is little, moves back in the large water tank downwards so hot water is the tube connector of underlying that can not be through the outside; Even if during a spot of hot water of a human, the water that heats little water tank is also very fast, need not wait for for a long time like this; Little power consumption; Avoid unnecessary waste, shortened heat time heating time greatly, saved power consumption.
3. applicability is more extensive.Because the utility model can preferentially use the hot water of conversion of solar energy in the large water tank of larger capacity, after the hot water of large water tank uses up, just whether come the water of little water tank is heated according to user's concrete condition; Avoided the consumer to worry that when buying the hot water consumption is not enough fully; All be partial to select for use the solar water heater of larger capacity, like this, the investment of not only buying has high input; Need electricity consumption will grow heat time heating time when also making cold, rainy season in winter, consumes power is big.The utility model adopts many inner bags water tank, and the syndeton between the inner bag water tank is outside underneath type, makes that people hot water amount many or that the people uses less is unrestricted.When the people uses less; Water in the solar energy large water tank is enough user's uses, when the people uses, can meet an urgent need more and use electrical heating method also only little water tank to be heated, so the applicability of the utility model is more extensive; Not only be suitable for south; Also can be used for the north, both be suitable for the individual house or the hotel in city, also can be installed in the little building roof in rural area.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is the contour structures simplified schematic diagram of the two courage tank solar water heaters of the utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is cross-section structure simplified schematic diagram of the two courage tank solar water heaters of the utility model.
Accompanying drawing 3 is contour structures simplified schematic diagram of the utility model three courage tank solar water heaters.
Accompanying drawing 4 is cross-section structure simplified schematic diagram of the utility model three courage tank solar water heaters.
Parts title and sequence number among the figure:
Thermal-collecting tube 1, storage tank 2, automatic water replenishing device 3, sewage draining exit 4, delivery port 5, water level hole and warm inspecting hole 6, little water tank 7, large water tank 8, heat-insulation layer 9, automatic water supply tank 10, filling pipe 11, spill-over hole or steam vent 12, large water tank interface 13, outward lead to take over 14, little water tank interface 15, electrical heating hole 16, temperature control hole 17.
The specific embodiment
The structure of the utility model is described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.
Shown in accompanying drawing 1~2; The two courage tank solar water heaters of the external interconnection system of single case of the utility model; Comprise thermal-collecting tube 1, storage tank 2, automatic water replenishing device 3, sewage draining exit 4, delivery port 5, water level hole and warm inspecting hole 6, little water tank 7, large water tank 8, heat-insulation layer 9, automatic water supply tank 10, filling pipe 11, spill-over hole or steam vent 12, large water tank interface 13, outward lead to take over 14, little water tank interface 15, electrical heating hole 16 and temperature control hole 17; Thermal-collecting tube 1 is connected with storage tank 2; Large water tank 8 in the storage tank 2 is wrapped in the heat-insulation layer 9 with several little water tanks 7; At the top of large water tank 8 automatic water replenishing device 3 is installed, automatic water replenishing device 3 comprises automatic water supply tank 10 and filling pipe 11, is connected through filling pipe 11 between automatic water supply tank 10 and the large water tank 8.The bottom of little water tank 7 is provided with delivery port 5, little water tank mouthpiece 15, electrical heating hole 16 and temperature control hole 17; The top of little water tank 7 is provided with water level hole and warm inspecting hole 6; Be beneficial to control to Water Level Control and water temperature; The bottom of large water tank 8 is provided with sewage draining exit 4, spill-over hole or steam vent 12 and large water tank mouthpiece 13; The upper end mouth of pipe of large water tank mouthpiece 13 is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of little water tank mouthpiece 15, takes over 14 connections through leading to outward between little water tank mouthpiece 15 and the large water tank mouthpiece 13.
The operation principle of this solar water heater:
Operation principle: the multichamber water tank solar water heater of the utility model; Utilize the hot water light specific gravity; The principle that hot water come-up and cold water sink; Adopt the mode of outside underneath type syndeton between water tank and the water tank, design the upper end mouth of pipe of large water tank mouthpiece 13 higher, or the little water tank mouthpiece 15 of the little water tank 7 of heating is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of the little water tank mouthpiece 15 of the little water tank 7 of heating not than the upper end mouth of pipe of little water tank mouthpiece 15; When making the water generates microcirculation, the position that arrives the required hot water of user is at first flowed out by the water of the little water tank mouthpiece 15 of large water tank mouthpiece 13 or warmed-up little water tank 7 in the water of heat elder generation.Passed through the design optimization of such water inlet pipe and water outlet pipe pipeline, cold water can only be mended to the little water tank 7 of the cold water area of large water tank 8 or not heating during moisturizing, i.e. large water tank 8 or the not bottommost of the little water tank 7 of heating; If the user is when water, because of user's water produces drop, the water of large water tank 8 will move and flow in the little water tank 7 between large water tank 8 and the little water tank 7; When the water of large water tank 8 is flowing to little water tank 7; Automatic water replenishing device 3 on the large water tank 8 will be given large water tank 8 by automatic water supplement, after cold water is mended the bottom of large water tank 8, because the proportion of hot water is lighter than cold water; Hot water can float over the top of large water tank 8; Through the pressure of drop, the large water tank mouthpiece 13 from large water tank 8 tops flows into little water tank 7 again, and the hottest water preferentially uses in the large water tank 8 so remain.Adopt automatic water replenishing device lack of water moisturizing method, cold water is directly mended in large water tank 8, because the ratio of cold water is great; The new cold water of mending sinks to again in the big solar energy vacuum pipe, pushes out the top of floating to large water tank 8 to the hot water that stores in the vacuum tube again, flows to little water tank 7 confession users uses through leading to adapter 14 outward; The hot water that stores in the vacuum tube is all fully used; This multichamber water tank solar water heater goes out the hot water amount nearly more than 30% than the solar water heater of prior art, and just do not worry shower to a half just do not have water suddenly awkward thing, if the hot water that large water tank 8 flows through does not reach when taking a shower temperature required the time; Electric heater starts heating automatically; But only heat the water of very small amount in the little water tank 7, heating heat can not gone here and there and gone in the large water tank 8, because the upper end mouth of pipe of little water tank mouthpiece 15 must be lower than the upper end mouth of pipe of large water tank mouthpiece 13; The hot water light specific gravity can float over the top of water tank.In addition, connect because the pipe of inner water tank connection is counter-clockwise the making progress in the back outside and downward, thermo-molecular produced convection current when hot water heated, but can not move back in the large water tank 8, and cold water hot water is regional obvious, and running water is by force mobile.And the hottest part hot water of preferential always use, 3 moisturizings of water-cooled continued starting automatic water replenishing device so move in circles.
Embodiment 1
Shown in accompanying drawing 1~2, in February, 2011, the large water tank that designs with the inventor is 300 liters; Little water tank is the two courage tank solar water heaters of 100 liters the external interconnection system of single case, is installed in roof, Guangxi school floor room 13, and this resident family includes baby and old man totally 5 people; Through 4 months on probation, it is required that the hot water of large water tank can major part be satisfied with the user during spring, after the hot water of large water tank uses up when accidental; Starting electrical heating heating gets final product, and energy-saving effect is obvious.
Embodiment 2
Shown in accompanying drawing 3~4, in April, 2011, the large water tank that designs with the inventor is 600 liters; Little water tank is two 80 liters three inner bag tank solar water heaters; Be installed in the roof, floor room 4 of fringe area, Guangxi factory, there were 15 people in this resident family, through 3 months on probation; It is required that the hot water of large water tank can be satisfied with the user basically, and energy-saving effect is obvious.

Claims (4)

1. multi-inner container solar water heater; Comprise thermal-collecting tube (1) and storage tank (2); Thermal-collecting tube (1) is connected with storage tank (2); It is characterized in that: described storage tank (2) adopts two lattice inner bag water tanks or many lattice inner bag cisten mechanism, and described pair of lattice inner bag cisten mechanism comprises large water tank (8) and little water tank (7); Described many lattice inner bag cisten mechanism comprises a large water tank (8) and several little water tanks (7); It between the described inner bag water tank outside underneath type syndeton; Be provided with water level hole and warm inspecting hole (6) in the little water tank (7), the bottom is provided with the temperature control hole (17) of delivery port (5), little water tank mouthpiece (15), electrical heating hole (16) and anti-dry; The top of large water tank (8) is provided with automatic water replenishing device (3), and the bottom is provided with spill-over hole or steam vent (12) and large water tank mouthpiece (13).
2. multi-inner container solar water heater according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the outside underneath type syndeton between the said inner bag water tank is to connect through leading to adapter (14) outward between little water tank mouthpiece (15) and the large water tank mouthpiece (13), or connects through leading to adapter (14) outward between one of them little water tank mouthpiece (15) and another the little water tank mouthpiece (15).
3. multi-inner container solar water heater according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the upper end mouth of pipe of described large water tank mouthpiece (13) is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of little water tank mouthpiece (15), or one of them little water tank mouthpiece (15) is higher than the upper end mouth of pipe of another little water tank mouthpiece (15).
4. multi-inner container solar water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described automatic water replenishing device (3) comprises automatic water supply tank (10) and filling pipe (11), is connected through filling pipe (11) between automatic water supply tank (10) and the large water tank (8).
CN201120235298U 2011-07-06 2011-07-06 Solar water heater with multiple inner containers Expired - Fee Related CN202149616U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120235298U CN202149616U (en) 2011-07-06 2011-07-06 Solar water heater with multiple inner containers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201120235298U CN202149616U (en) 2011-07-06 2011-07-06 Solar water heater with multiple inner containers

Publications (1)

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CN202149616U true CN202149616U (en) 2012-02-22

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103267347A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-28 陈中华 Water-storing type electric water heater with double inner containers
CN105402903A (en) * 2012-09-07 2016-03-16 张启果 Manufacturing method for multipurpose flat-plate-type solar device and product thereof
CN106288427A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-01-04 胡秀良 Instant heating solar water heater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105402903A (en) * 2012-09-07 2016-03-16 张启果 Manufacturing method for multipurpose flat-plate-type solar device and product thereof
CN105402903B (en) * 2012-09-07 2017-08-04 陈玉金 Multipurpose plate type solar device preparation method and its product
CN103267347A (en) * 2013-04-27 2013-08-28 陈中华 Water-storing type electric water heater with double inner containers
CN106288427A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-01-04 胡秀良 Instant heating solar water heater

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EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120222

Termination date: 20140706