CN202123681U - Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws - Google Patents

Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202123681U
CN202123681U CN 201120165131 CN201120165131U CN202123681U CN 202123681 U CN202123681 U CN 202123681U CN 201120165131 CN201120165131 CN 201120165131 CN 201120165131 U CN201120165131 U CN 201120165131U CN 202123681 U CN202123681 U CN 202123681U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
briquetting
mould
deduster
horizontal loops
vertical shaft
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201120165131
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李和平
赵兴朋
赵兴峰
刘增刚
张清泉
Original Assignee
赵兴朋
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Publication date
Application filed by 赵兴朋 filed Critical 赵兴朋
Priority to CN 201120165131 priority Critical patent/CN202123681U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202123681U publication Critical patent/CN202123681U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B11/00Presses specially adapted for forming shaped articles from material in particulate or plastic state, e.g. briquetting presses, tabletting presses
    • B30B11/20Roller-and-ring machines, i.e. with roller disposed within a ring and co-operating with the inner surface of the ring
    • B30B11/201Roller-and-ring machines, i.e. with roller disposed within a ring and co-operating with the inner surface of the ring for extruding material
    • B30B11/207Feed means

Abstract

The utility model discloses complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws, which comprises a smasher and a briquetting device. The briquetting device comprises a briquetting motor, a reducer, a briquetting assembly and a bracket; the briquetting assembly comprises a horizontal ring mould, a vertical shaft, a compression roller and a discharge hopper; the horizontal ring mould is uniformly provided with a plurality of square holes around the circumference in the horizontal direction; materials are smashed by the smasher, are directly introduced into a dust remover through a material transporting air tube, are introduced into the horizontal ring mould through the dust remover, and are subject to extrusion forming towards the circumference through the rotation of the compression roller. The complete equipment is simple operation; the produced block-shaped materials deform difficultly; and the efficiency is high.

Description

Crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of stalk process equipment, especially relates to a kind of crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments.
Background technology
China's 80% population is lived in the rural area, and biomass energies such as stalk and fuel wood are the main life fuels in rural area, although the use of commercial energys such as coal in the rural area increases sharply, biomass energy is still occupied critical role.Life in the countryside in 1998 is with total amount marking coal for 3.65 hundred million tons, and wherein stalk and fuel wood are 2.07 hundred million tons of mark coals, account for 56.7%, and therefore, the development and use biomass energy has more Special Significance to Chinese countryside.Raising along with rural economic development and life of farmers level; The rural area is urgent for the increasing demand of high-grade fuel; Because crops volumes such as stalk, fuel wood are big, storage is difficult, energy is low; Traditional energy utilizes mode to be difficult to satisfy rural area modernization demand, and biomass energy high quality conversion using is imperative.At present, part producer also just actively research and development produce forming machine for straw, but have problems such as complex structure, output efficiency are low, moulding instability.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is: provide a kind of stable molding, output efficiency high, easy to operate crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: comprise pulverizer and briquetting device, pulverizer comprises pulverizes motor, reducing mechanism, and briquetting device comprises briquetting motor, reductor, briquetting assembly, support; The briquetting assembly comprises horizontal loops mould, vertical shaft, pressure roller, discharge bucket, and the briquetting motor drives vertical shaft through reductor, and vertical shaft is positioned in the middle of two pressure rollers; Two pressure rollers are positioned at the horizontal loops mould, are provided with in horizontal direction; Vertical shaft connects the roll shaft of two pressure rollers through end cap up and down, and drives two pressure rollers and rotate, and horizontal loops mould border has several discharging square holes; Discharge bucket is positioned at horizontal loops mould below, and briquetting motor, reductor and discharge bucket are supported on the support; Connect deduster above the horizontal loops mould, the deduster top has the dedusting mouth, and deduster is fixed on the deduster frame, and the discharge gate of reducing mechanism expects that through defeated airduct is connected the top of deduster, and the outer surface of defeated material airduct is provided with heater.
The small vibrating device is set below discharge bucket, and some discharging square holes are uniformly distributed with layout along ring mould border.
Said heater is the intelligent constant-temperature electric heater unit.
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: the utility model comprises stalk crasher and briquetting device; Stalk crasher is fit to pulverize various agricultural crop straws; Wide adaptability, the discharging thickness is adjustable, rotates the blast that is produced at a high speed; The material of pulverizing is directly entered the deduster the inside through defeated material airduct, and pulverizer need not add blower fan separately.Outside defeated material airduct, design the raw material heater, adopt intelligent constant-temperature control, make material preheating in course of conveying softening, moulding more easily in extrusion process.On briquetting device, design deduster, major control stalk dust makes the working environment health, stops environmental pollution.Briquetting device has adopted the horizontal loops mould, and horizontal loops mould border in the horizontal direction is uniformly distributed with plurality of square holes, adopts vertical shaft to drive two pressure rollers that horizontal direction is provided with inside, and material is got in the horizontal loops mould by deduster, pushes one-shot forming to the border by the pressure roller rotation.Below briquetting device, adopted vertical type speed reducer (change gear), the briquetting motor to reductor, has improved the needed pressure of briquetting device through the belt outputting power, cuts down the consumption of energy simultaneously.Below discharge bucket, designed the small vibrating device, can make the timely blanking of the briquetting that falls into discharge bucket, prevented to block up.The utility model is simple to operate, and is easy to use, and the output lump material is not yielding, and efficient is high, is pressing for of rural development, is again the needs that reduce discharging, protection environment, implement the strategy of sustainable development.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments;
Fig. 2 is A-A partial sectional view of Fig. 1.
Mark explanation among the figure: 1, heater, 2, feed hopper, 3, reducing mechanism, 4, the V-belt, 5, defeated material airduct, 6, base; 7, pulverize motor, 8, material-falling hopper, 9, the horizontal loops mould, 10, square hole, 11, vertical shaft, 12, vibrator; 13, deduster frame, 14, discharge bucket, 15 supports, 16, the briquetting motor, 17, belt; 18, reductor, 19, the dedusting mouth, 20, deduster, 21, pressure roller, 22, end cap.
The specific embodiment
Can find out from the structural representation of the utility model crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments shown in Figure 1; The utility model comprises stalk crasher, defeated material airduct 5, intelligent constant-temperature electric heater unit 1, cyclone dust collectors 20, deduster frame 13, briquetting device; Stalk crasher is made up of pulverizing motor 7, V-belt 4, reducing mechanism 3, base 6; Pulverize on motor 7 and reducing mechanism 3 firm bankings 6, have feed hopper 2 on the reducing mechanism 3.Briquetting device comprises briquetting motor 16, vertical type speed reducer (change gear) 18, briquetting assembly, support 15, and reductor 18 is fixed on below the support 15.Briquetting motor 16 is connected with reductor 18 through belt 17, and reductor adopts 13:1, makes the briquetting motor power improve 13 times and has reached the needed pressure of briquetting, cuts down the consumption of energy simultaneously.The briquetting assembly comprises horizontal loops mould 9, vertical shaft 11, pressure roller 21, discharge bucket 14; Horizontal loops mould 9 border is in the horizontal direction evenly arranged 40 25 ㎜ * 25 ㎜ discharging square holes 10; As required, horizontal loops mould 9 also can evenly be arranged 30 32 ㎜ * 32 ㎜ discharging square holes in the border in the horizontal direction.
Fig. 2 is A-A partial sectional view of Fig. 1; From figure, find out; Two pressure rollers 21 are positioned at horizontal loops mould 9, are provided with in horizontal direction, and vertical shaft 11 is positioned in the middle of two pressure rollers 21, and briquetting motor 16 drives vertical shaft 11 through reductor 18; Vertical shaft 11 passes through the roll shaft of end cap 22 connections two pressure rollers 21 up and down, and drives 21 rotations of two pressure rollers.Discharge bucket 14 is positioned at horizontal loops mould 9 belows, and discharge bucket 14 is installed on the support 15, and discharging is evenly horizontal dischargings around horizontal loops mould 9, falls into discharge bucket 14 then, from discharge bucket 14 both sides discharge gates to the both sides discharge.Deduster 20 bottoms have material-falling hopper 8, and material-falling hopper 8 connects horizontal loops mould 9, and deduster 20 tops have dedusting mouth 19, and deduster 20 is fixed on the deduster frame 13, and the discharge gate of reducing mechanism is connected the top of deduster 20 through defeated material airduct 5.
The operation principle of the utility model is: agricultural crop straw is pulverized the back and is rotated the blast of generation at a high speed by pulverizer by feed hopper 2 feedings of pulverizer, is fed to deduster 20 through defeated material airduct 5; At defeated material airduct 5 outer surfaces intelligent electrical heating attemperating unit 1 is set, makes material preheating in course of conveying softening, after material gets into deduster 20; Pass through cyclonic separation; Dust is drained through dedusting mouth 19, and the material after the dedusting gets into material-falling hopper 8, and is evenly range upon range of to square hole 10 extruding of horizontal mould 9 all around by pressure roller 21; Horizontal rows goes out to fall into discharge bucket 14 around the square after the extruding; From discharge bucket 14 both sides discharge gate discharges, mini vibrator 12 is set below discharge bucket 14, make the unobstructed not material stock of finished product briquetting discharge.

Claims (5)

1. a crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments comprises pulverizer and briquetting device, and pulverizer comprises pulverizes motor (7), reducing mechanism (3), it is characterized in that; Said briquetting device comprises briquetting motor (16), reductor (18), briquetting assembly, support (15); The briquetting assembly comprises horizontal loops mould (9), vertical shaft (11), pressure roller (21), discharge bucket (14); Briquetting motor (16) drives vertical shaft (11) through reductor (18); Vertical shaft (11) is positioned in the middle of two pressure rollers (21); Two pressure rollers (21) are positioned at horizontal loops mould (9), are provided with in horizontal direction; Vertical shaft (11) passes through the roll shaft of end cap (22) connection two pressure rollers (21) up and down, and drives two pressure rollers (21) rotation, and horizontal loops mould (9) border has several discharging square holes (10); Discharge bucket (14) is positioned at horizontal loops mould (9) below, and briquetting motor (16), reductor (18) and discharge bucket (14) are supported on the support (15); Connect deduster (20) above the said horizontal loops mould (9); Deduster (20) top has dedusting mouth (19); Deduster (20) is fixed on the deduster frame (13); The discharge gate of reducing mechanism (3) expects that through defeated airduct (5) is connected the top of deduster (20), and the outer surface of said defeated material airduct (5) is provided with heater (1).
2. crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments according to claim 1 is characterized in that; Small vibrating device (12) is set below discharge bucket (14).
3. crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments according to claim 1 is characterized in that; Some discharging square holes (10) are evenly arranged along horizontal loops mould (9) border.
4. crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments according to claim 1 is characterized in that; Said heater (1) is the intelligent constant-temperature electric heater unit.
5. crushed stalk compression forming complete set of equipments according to claim 1 is characterized in that; Deduster (20) bottom has material-falling hopper (8), and material-falling hopper (8) connects horizontal loops mould (9).
CN 201120165131 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws Expired - Fee Related CN202123681U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120165131 CN202123681U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120165131 CN202123681U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202123681U true CN202123681U (en) 2012-01-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201120165131 Expired - Fee Related CN202123681U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Complete equipment for smashing, compressing and forming of straws

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202123681U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102241153A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-11-16 赵兴朋 Complete equipment for crushing, compressing and forming straws
CN103770363A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-05-07 洛阳理工学院 Straw-type biomass pulverizing and forming system
CN104476799A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 苏州青青生态种植园 Pressing block molding equipment for straw crushing production line
CN109227865A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-18 符鹏清 A kind of wood grinder waste treatment device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102241153A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-11-16 赵兴朋 Complete equipment for crushing, compressing and forming straws
CN103770363A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-05-07 洛阳理工学院 Straw-type biomass pulverizing and forming system
CN104476799A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-01 苏州青青生态种植园 Pressing block molding equipment for straw crushing production line
CN109227865A (en) * 2018-07-31 2019-01-18 符鹏清 A kind of wood grinder waste treatment device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120125

Termination date: 20140523