CN202101351U - Automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner - Google Patents

Automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202101351U
CN202101351U CN2011202244854U CN201120224485U CN202101351U CN 202101351 U CN202101351 U CN 202101351U CN 2011202244854 U CN2011202244854 U CN 2011202244854U CN 201120224485 U CN201120224485 U CN 201120224485U CN 202101351 U CN202101351 U CN 202101351U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
output shaft
pin
bracket
pedestal
automatic tracking
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Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2011202244854U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴宗雁
黄永毅
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TCL Air Conditioner Zhongshan Co Ltd
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TCL Air Conditioner Zhongshan Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2011202244854U priority Critical patent/CN202101351U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202101351U publication Critical patent/CN202101351U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner, which comprises an air conditioner set, a main control plate, a bracket pedestal, a bracket, a bracket frame, a solar cell panel, a storage battery, a photosensitive sensor, a microprocessor, a first swing device and a second swing device, wherein the bracket and the bracket frame are in pivoting connection; the solar cell panel is fixed on the bracket; the first swing device is arranged at the pivoting place between the bracket and the bracket frame; the second swing device is arranged at the connecting place between the bracket and the bracket pedestal; the photosensitive sensor is connected with the input end of the microprocessor; the output end of the microprocessor is connected with the main control plate; and the first swing device and the second swing device are driven by the main control plate. The automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner has the advantages that: omnidirectional sunshine automatic tracing can be realized, the conversion rate of solar energy is greatly improved, the compatibility and the reliability of the device are high, and more convenience and tangible benefits can be brought to users.

Description

A kind of automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning
Technical field
The utility model relates to solar energy transducer air conditioning technical field, specifically, relates to the solar energy transducer air conditioning with solar automatic tracking function.
Background technology
The Along with people's growth in the living standard, the electric equipment products in the family are more and more.The domestic air conditioner of selling on the market, no matter be fixed frequency air conditioner, or convertible frequency air-conditioner, the overwhelming majority uses traditional electric power as power.Because the energy consumption that air-conditioner produces when operation is bigger, and is long in the service time in summer that weather is hot, causes power consumption obviously to increase.Therefore, the air-conditioner product that taps a new source of energy has vast market prospect.
Solar energy is the energy of comparative maturity in the new forms of energy application technology, of certain scale and commercialized development, though shortcoming be dispersed, unstable, efficient is lower, having advantages such as the source is abundant, environmental protection.At present; Also have some solar energy convertible frequency air-conditioner products to appear on the market, but the solar energy equipment of these solar energy convertible frequency air-conditioner products is installed in fixing position, normally the solar panel with certain area is fixed on the metallic support; The energy that utilizes solar panel to absorb sunlight changes into electric energy; Boost the back to the convertible frequency air-conditioner power supply through inverter, be equipped with the unnecessary electric energy of battery stores simultaneously, the limitation of this fixed solar panel is that solar panel can not rotate with the running of the sun synchronously; Owing to can not continue to keep solar panel vertical, cause solar energy utilization rate to be affected to a certain extent with sunshine.
The utility model content
The problem that the utility model solved is: the deficiency that overcomes above-mentioned prior art; Design a kind of can be automatically according to the sunshine direction adjust solar panel towards the solar energy transducer air conditioning with comprehensive automatic following function, effectively improve solar energy utilization rate.
The technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: a kind of automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning; Comprise support and stand frame that air-conditioning unit, master control borad, bracket base, pivot connect, be fixed on solar panel, battery on the support; Also comprise light sensor, microprocessor, be arranged on first pendulous device of support and stand frame articulated section; Be arranged on second pendulous device of support and bracket base junction; Said light sensor connects the input of microprocessor, and the output of said microprocessor connects master control borad, and said first pendulous device, second pendulous device are driven by master control borad.
Preferably, said first pendulous device comprises first drive motors and first output shaft, bearing block, the said defeated first output shaft connecting axle bearing, and said bearing block is inlaid on the stand frame.
Preferably, said light sensor is arranged on the stand frame, and said first output shaft is with the middle part of North and South direction intercalation at stand frame, but makes stand frame east-west direction swing in the both sides of first output shaft.
Preferably, said light sensor comprise pedestal, perpendicular to the pin of the hollow of pedestal, at a plurality of photo resistance that are uniformly distributed with around pin on the pedestal and the photodiode of setting in said pin and pin outside.
Preferably, a photodiode is set respectively inside and outside the said pin, the outer photodiode of pin is arranged on the pedestal and away from pin.
Preferably, said bearing block is made up of pedestal and bearing body, is provided with output shaft hole at an end of bearing body, is provided with and connects the through hole of bearing body and output shaft hole in the wall portion of the corresponding output shaft hole of bearing body.
Preferably, said output shaft is inserted in the output shaft hole of bearing block, is provided with securing member in the through hole of said perforation bearing body and output shaft hole, comprises a plane on the sidewall of said output shaft, and said securing member is pressed on the plane of output shaft sidewall.
Preferably, second pendulous device comprises second drive motors and second output shaft, and said second drive motors is located on the bracket base, and said second output shaft inserts in the said support, and said support rotates with second output shaft synchronously
The beneficial effect of the utility model is: this solar-cell panel support of responding to sunshine and rotating automatically can be realized 0 ° of-360 ° of rotation in the horizontal direction; Its in vertical direction rotational angle be 0 °-90 °; Can improve the conversion ratio of solar energy greatly; And compatible strong, the good reliability of device, can bring more facility and material benefit to the user.
The utility model has solved present fixed inadequate shortcoming of solar panel sunshine-duration; Through different photo resistance resistances are carried out logical operation; The optimum tilt angle of output cell panel; Thereby input control signal rotates drive motors, and photovoltaic battery panel makes cell panel obtain maximum sunshine amount from the motion tracking sunshine.
The utlity model has storage function, can guarantee not have that air-conditioner all has enough electric power to keep normal operation power consumption under the situation of sunshine in cloudy weather, night.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is rotating solar-cell panel support sketch map;
Fig. 2 is the photosensitive sensor unit structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the installation site sketch map of photodiode;
Fig. 4 is the light sensor circuit controling drawing;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of support pendulous device;
Fig. 6 is the cut-away view of Fig. 5.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further specified.
As shown in Figure 1; The automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning of the utility model; Comprise by master control borad and drive the air-conditioning unit of forming by indoor apparatus of air conditioner and off-premises station; Be used to receive device with conversion solar bracket base 1, support 12, stand frame 2 are arranged, be fixed on solar panel 3 on the support, be fixed on the battery 4 on the bracket base, also comprise light sensor 5, first drive motors 6, first output shaft, bearing block 7; Second drive motors 13, second output shaft.Wherein, Support pivots with stand frame and is connected, and stand frame 2 is that east-west direction is installed, and first drive motors 6 and first output shaft, bearing block 7 constitute first pendulous device; Second drive motors 13 and second output shaft constitute second pendulous device; Both can make support towards helping most receiving the parts that sun direction of light is rotated, and can realize solar panel 0 ° of-360 ° of rotation in the horizontal direction by first pendulous device and second pendulous device, rotatable 0 °-90 ° in vertical direction.We know that the irradiation of sunlight angle is different along with the difference of time.If solar panel is fixed on certain angle, along with the variation of sun irradiation angle, cell panel can't remain vertical with sunshine, makes conversion efficiency on the low side.Shortcoming to this fixed form cell panel; We utilize the resistance value of photoelectric cell (photo resistance) and the relation property of light intensity; And through pin under the sunray of different angles to the influence of the resistance of the photo resistance on the diverse location, the variation of angle between sunray and the plate face is changed into the variation of electrical quantities, through logical operation; Convert the anglec of rotation output of support into; Drive motor is made respective reaction, guarantees that cell panel plate face is vertical with light all the time, reaches the peak use rate of sunshine.
Fig. 2-4 shows the structure and the operation principle of light sensor 5; In the utility model, the structure of light sensor 5 is seen Fig. 2, comprises pedestal, perpendicular to the pin 9 of pedestal; Lever is a plastics pin 9 cylindraceous; Have on the pedestal on eight photo resistance 8, the pedestal to also have two to install and fix 10, eight photo resistance 8 in hole and surround a circle, uniform distribution also is arranged on around the cylindrical plastic pin 9; Install and fix hole 10 on the light sensor 5, can light sensor and stand frame 2 be fastenedly connected (see figure 1) through securing member.Light sensor 5 is answered sunshine through photo resistance 8 from innervation; When the resistance of photo resistance 8 changes; Can give master control borad 21 signal feedback through microprocessor 22; The chip of master control borad 21 reads signal data and carries out logical operation; Thereby intensity, the output signal of judging illumination make the drive motors that is arranged on solar panel one side drive output shaft and rotate, thereby the solar panel on the support is rotated towards the direction vertical with sunshine at east-west direction, realize the function from the motion tracking sunshine.Referring to Fig. 3; Be provided with a photodiode 11 in the cylindrical shape pin of light sensor; Also install 11, two photodiodes of a photodiode at pedestal away from the place of lever and be connected with the master control borad communication, it offers master control borad and whether works as fore-stock at the signal of appropriate light according to the position.Circuit control principle referring to Fig. 4; Photosensitive resistor group 23 communications are connected on microprocessor 22 (model is L293) and the pedestal; Photo resistance group 23 comprises eight photo resistance 8 (referring to Fig. 2,3), and when sunshine departed from the pin that certain angle is radiated at light sensor, the photodiode 11 in the pin was blocked by lever because of light; Amplifier is with output low level; Photodiode away from lever is then exported high level, and the connection of two photodiodes is referring to the connecting circuit 24 of Fig. 4, when master control borad detects the level differences of two photodiodes; Master control borad reads the resistance of eight photo resistance of microprocessor L293; And the difference through resistance judges the incident angle of sunray, and output signal controlling first drive motors and drive motors rotate, because the rotation of first output shaft and second output shaft realizes the rotation of solar panel at east-west direction; The solar panel of the utility model its in vertical direction rotational angle be 0 °-90 °, in the horizontal direction can 360 ° swing arbitrarily.When night, two equal output low levels of photodiode arrive the input of master control borad, and at this moment, master control borad control solar panel turns to original state, and promptly solar panel is on the angle perpendicular to the sunray in morning.
Fig. 5 and Fig. 6 are the structural representations of bearing block; Bearing block 7 is made up of pedestal and bearing body; Pedestal is inlaid on the support; End at bearing body is provided with output shaft hole 71, and the output shaft that is provided with and connects through hole 72, the first drive motors 6 of bearing body and output shaft hole in the wall portion of the corresponding output shaft hole of bearing body is inserted in the output shaft hole 71 of bearing block 7.One plane is arranged on the sidewall of output shaft, be provided with securing member in the through hole 72, for example flat head screw; The effect on the plane of output shaft sidewall is to make flat head screw make output shaft be pressed in the output shaft hole 71 through compressing this plane; Output shaft can not trackslip in output shaft hole, thereby makes, when drive motors orders about the output shaft rotation; Bearing block rotates synchronously, rotates thereby drive support.
Required input power is generally about 400W during the operation of the convertible frequency air-conditioner of split type high energy efficiency, and polysilicon solar cell plate generated energy under sunshine good situation is 140W/M 2, therefore working as polysilicon solar cell plate gauge lattice is 3M (length) X1M (wide)=3M 2, exportable power cooperates this automatic solar energy tracking device about 420W, can satisfy convertible frequency air-conditioner operation power demand, and promptly the required electric energy of air-conditioning is all provided by the collected conversion of solar energy of polysilicon solar cell plate, reaches design object.
This solar energy transducer air conditioning also is designed with energy-storage function, and stationary stroage battery 4 on bracket base, and battery provides electric energy for drive motors on the one hand; When there be not illumination evening; Master control borad need be controlled support and reset to original position, waits for the irradiation of second day sun, at this moment; The electric weight that stores in the battery supplies drive motors to use, and accomplishes the process of Program reset.On the other hand, battery is as energy storage device, when can store unnecessary electric weight and be used for night or do not have solar irradiation.
The power subsystem of air-conditioner connects solar panel and civil power; Whether air conditioner control system is sufficient through the electric weight that power-sensing circuit, maximal power tracing circuit (MPPT) detect conversion of solar energy under different time and the environment, and the inadequate part of solar energy electric weight is then replenished by electrical network.When controller receive the user close the signal of air-conditioner after and detect this moment during solar panels generated energy foot, controller sends instruction, cuts off the total civil power incoming line of family, switches to solar powered incoming line, for user's household provides free electric energy.And if to evening detect reserve of electricity when sufficient system can cut off civil power automatically and use the battery electric energy, system can change back civil power automatically and uses for air-conditioning when electric weight is not enough.
The utility model has improved the conversion ratio of solar energy greatly, to the user more convenience and interests is provided, and whole electrical system need not with electrical network concurrently, and the generation of having stopped island effect has strengthened its reliability greatly.So the The whole control device has high efficiency, low cost, advantage such as compatible strong.Satisfy the versatility demand of machine seriesization, but method easily is provided for regular solar convertible frequency air-conditioner upgrading becomes the tracking solar convertible frequency air-conditioner.Along with being rooted in the hearts of the people of energy-saving and emission-reduction and low-carbon (LC) life, this new type solar energy convertible frequency air-conditioner will become the main product of following domestic variable frequency air-conditioning surely.

Claims (8)

1. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning; Comprise support and stand frame that air-conditioning unit, master control borad, bracket base, pivot connect, be fixed on solar panel, battery on the support; It is characterized in that: also comprise light sensor, microprocessor, be arranged on first pendulous device of support and stand frame articulated section; Be arranged on second pendulous device of support and bracket base junction; Said light sensor connects the input of microprocessor, and the output of said microprocessor connects master control borad, and said first pendulous device, second pendulous device are driven by master control borad.
2. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said first pendulous device comprises first drive motors and first output shaft, bearing block; The said defeated first output shaft connecting axle bearing, said bearing block is inlaid on the stand frame.
3. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said light sensor is arranged on the stand frame; Said first output shaft is with the middle part of North and South direction intercalation at stand frame, but makes stand frame east-west direction swing in the both sides of first output shaft.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described automatic tracking solar transducer air conditionings, it is characterized in that: said light sensor comprises pedestal, perpendicular to the pin of the hollow of pedestal, at a plurality of photo resistance that are uniformly distributed with around pin on the pedestal and the photodiode of setting in said pin and pin outside.
5. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 4 is characterized in that: a photodiode respectively is set inside and outside the said pin, and the outer photodiode of pin is arranged on the pedestal and away from pin.
6. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: said bearing block is made up of pedestal and bearing body; End at bearing body is provided with output shaft hole, is provided with and connects the through hole of bearing body and output shaft hole in the wall portion of the corresponding output shaft hole of bearing body.
7. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 6; It is characterized in that: said output shaft is inserted in the output shaft hole of bearing block; Be provided with securing member in the through hole of said perforation bearing body and output shaft hole; Comprise a plane on the sidewall of said output shaft, said securing member is pressed on the plane of output shaft sidewall.
8. automatic tracking solar transducer air conditioning according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: second pendulous device comprises second drive motors and second output shaft; Said second drive motors is located on the bracket base; Said second output shaft inserts in the said support, and said support rotates with second output shaft synchronously.
CN2011202244854U 2011-06-29 2011-06-29 Automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner Expired - Lifetime CN202101351U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202244854U CN202101351U (en) 2011-06-29 2011-06-29 Automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011202244854U CN202101351U (en) 2011-06-29 2011-06-29 Automatic solar energy tracing convertible frequency air conditioner

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CN202101351U true CN202101351U (en) 2012-01-04

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230655A (en) * 2011-06-29 2011-11-02 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Solar frequency conversion air conditioner having function of automatic tracking
CN107621026A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-23 铜陵汇宇实业有限公司 It is a kind of from motion tracking solar energy transducer air conditioning

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230655A (en) * 2011-06-29 2011-11-02 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Solar frequency conversion air conditioner having function of automatic tracking
CN102230655B (en) * 2011-06-29 2013-06-19 Tcl空调器(中山)有限公司 Solar frequency conversion air conditioner having function of automatic tracking
CN107621026A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-01-23 铜陵汇宇实业有限公司 It is a kind of from motion tracking solar energy transducer air conditioning

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20120104

Effective date of abandoning: 20130619

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20120104

Effective date of abandoning: 20130619

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant