CN202068902U - Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts - Google Patents

Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202068902U
CN202068902U CN2011201453392U CN201120145339U CN202068902U CN 202068902 U CN202068902 U CN 202068902U CN 2011201453392 U CN2011201453392 U CN 2011201453392U CN 201120145339 U CN201120145339 U CN 201120145339U CN 202068902 U CN202068902 U CN 202068902U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
walnut
shell
kernel
complete equipment
small
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2011201453392U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李忠新
杨莉玲
刘奎
杨忠强
崔宽波
刘佳
沈晓贺
朱占江
买合木江
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN2011201453392U priority Critical patent/CN202068902U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202068902U publication Critical patent/CN202068902U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to complete equipment for production of dried fruits, in particular relates to small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts. The small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts comprises a walnut huller, a walnut kernel grader, a walnut shell and kernel separator and the like. The complete equipment is mainly used for carrying out hulling, grading of hulled walnut kernels, shell and kernel separation and the like on the walnuts, thus finally obtaining walnut kernels and walnut shells of different sizes, and solving the technical bottleneck of carrying out fine and further production on the walnuts. The small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts can fundamentally solve the problems that the work of manual hulling and kernel obtaining has low productivity, large labor intensity and high cost, as well as large kernel damage percent, poor sanitary conditions, mixture of hulled kernels in hulling, shells and seeds, the long manual separation time for walnut shell and kernels, large loss, and the like.

Description

Small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing
(1) technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing.This complete set of equipments be mainly used in to walnut carry out walnut kernel classification after broken shell processing, the broken shell, shell benevolence is separated.
(2) technical background
In recent years, along with Chinese economic development, the improving constantly of living standards of the people, the domestic market is soaring rapidly to the demand of walnut, makes the walnut cultivated area expand rapidly.People adopt artificial broken shell walnut to get benevolence for the convenience of edible walnut with to the needs of walnut intensive processing usually, and the artificial shell-cracking kernel-taking productivity ratio of walnut is low, labour intensity is big, cost is high, have during broken shell that the kernel percentage of damage is big, the problem of sanitary condition difference; Kernel, shell, kind are manually separated walnut shell and meat length consuming time, loss greatly every mixed in together after the broken shell.
Task of the present utility model just provides a kind of complete set of equipments of Mechanized Processing walnut.At home, that is that all right is ripe for the Mechanized Processing walnut, planting area expansion in the walnut industry development, output is increased sharply and process technology equipment falls behind conflicting today, this walnut complete equipment for processing can be efficient, high-quality, Mechanized Processing walnut efficiently, solved the technical bottleneck of walnut intensive processing, can change at present artificial shell-cracking kernel-taking percentage of damage height, sanitary condition is poor, the artificial walnut shell and meat length consuming time of separating, lose big problem, improve the grade and the commodity performance of walnut greatly, improve walnut industry processing conversion capability, make the walnut industry by the production primary product to value added by manufacture, the transformation of exploiting market; Strengthen the service ability of science and technology simultaneously, make walnut processing scientific and technological achievement be transformed fast and promote, increase the value-added space of walnut product and extend benefit in the rural area towards agricultural, rural area and peasant.
(3) summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to propose a kind of mechanization, and collection broken shell, walnut kernel classification, shell benevolence are separated into the small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing of one.
The utility model comprises following walnut process equipment:
1. rejuvenator
Shell-breaking machine of walnut in the utility model adopts the walnut shell-breaking device of squash type.
2. walnut kernel grader
Walnut is fallen into the walnut kernel grader through after the broken shell from the rejuvenator discharging opening.The principle of walnut kernel grader is to determine that at the walnut kernel of different sizes and shell thereby size range designs the classifying screen that has the different size sieve aperture, and walnut kernel and shell run into the suitable sieve aperture of size and fall into corresponding discharging opening in the process of motion.
3. shell meat separator
Behind the walnut kernel grader, walnut kernel is divided into several grades.Outlet at oscillating feeder is connected with the shell meat separator, and the principle of shell meat separator is different according to floating velocity between walnut kernel and shell, the barrier film, adjusts the air-flow size, and shell, barrier film are separated from kernel.Walnut kernel and shell be separated opening through the shell meat separator time, after outside the discharging opening discharge body.
The utlity model has following characteristics:
The saving of labor, save time, simple in structure
Because China backward in technique aspect walnut processing, the walnut major part is sold with the form of raw material, has only a spot ofly to get by manually pounding, and productivity ratio is low.Walnut mechanization shell-cracking kernel-taking technology provided by the utility model is suitable for peasant and small-sized plant layoutization walnut processing in batches.
2. solve the broken big difficult problem of walnut kernel
Manually pound and get because the dynamics of knocking is wayward, the percentage of damage height of walnut kernel when broken shell, the selling price of broken benevolence is relatively low.Adopt shell-breaking machine of walnut to realize the walnut shell-breaking of different cultivars and size is reduced the percentage of damage to walnut kernel by adjustment to the broken shell gap.
3. solve the technical barrier that walnut shell-breaking back cover benevolence is separated;
Walnut kernel, shell, walnut kind are separated it by the shell meat separator every mixed in together behind the walnut shell-breaking, for the intensive processing of walnut is laid a good foundation.
(4) description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a utility model walnut complete equipment for processing schematic diagram.
(5) specific embodiment
Legend: 1-shell-breaking machine of walnut; 2-walnut kernel grader; The 3-feeding hopper; The 4-oscillating feeder; The 5-walnut shell and meat separator; The 6-discharging opening;
Shell-breaking machine of walnut 1 is made up of feeding mouth, hulling machine, body, discharging opening etc.; Walnut kernel grader 2 is made up of screen cleaning device, classifying screen and several discharging openings 6 of being installed in below the classifying screen; Be connected with oscillating feeder 4 in the rear end of walnut kernel grader 2, a feeding hopper 3 is installed above oscillating feeder 4; The exit of oscillating feeder 4 is connected with walnut shell and meat separator 5, and walnut shell and meat separator 5 is made up of blower fan, settling tank, wind stopping device.
Before work, check that by the crawl power control switch rotatable parts have or not stuck phenomenon, whether smooth and easyly rotate.Treat after equipment operation steadily walnut to be poured in the shell-breaking machine of walnut 1, walnut after the broken shell is discharged from shell-breaking machine of walnut 1 discharging opening and is fallen into walnut kernel grader 2, walnut kernel and shell fall into corresponding discharging opening 6 from the sieve aperture that is fit to size in the process of motion, screen size on the classifying screen is ascending successively, the walnut kernel of maximum level and shell leave the classification compass screen surface from the rearmost end of walnut kernel grader, enter oscillating feeder 4, enter walnut shell and meat separator 5 behind the uniform distribution of oscillating feeder 4, walnut shell is outside wind stopping device is discharged body after the process sorting.Other other walnut kernel of level and shell are poured into the oscillating feeder 4 from feeding hopper 3 after walnut shell and meat separator has been regulated, and finally finish shell benevolence and separate.

Claims (4)

1. small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing, it is characterized in that: this complete set of equipments mainly is made up of shell-breaking machine of walnut (1), walnut kernel grader (3), walnut shell and meat separator (5), these equipment organically are engaged togather, and can realize the mechanization operation such as broken shell, walnut kernel classification, the separation of shell benevolence of walnut.
2. small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing according to claim 1 is characterized in that shell-breaking machine of walnut (1) is made up of feeding mouth, hulling machine, body, discharging opening etc.; Walnut kernel grader (2) is made up of screen cleaning device, classifying screen and several discharging openings (6) of being installed in below the classifying screen.
3. small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing according to claim 1 is characterized in that the rear end of walnut kernel grader (2) is connected with oscillating feeder (4).
4. small-sized walnut complete equipment for processing according to claim 3 is characterized in that the top of oscillating feeder (4) is equipped with a feeding hopper (3); The exit of oscillating feeder (4) is connected with walnut shell and meat separator (5), and walnut shell and meat separator (5) is made up of blower fan, settling tank, wind stopping device.
CN2011201453392U 2011-05-10 2011-05-10 Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts Expired - Fee Related CN202068902U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201453392U CN202068902U (en) 2011-05-10 2011-05-10 Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011201453392U CN202068902U (en) 2011-05-10 2011-05-10 Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202068902U true CN202068902U (en) 2011-12-14

Family

ID=45107026

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2011201453392U Expired - Fee Related CN202068902U (en) 2011-05-10 2011-05-10 Small-sized complete equipment for production of walnuts

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202068902U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783697A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 山东理工大学 Walnut feeding, conveying, isolating and shelling all-in-one machine
CN103315340A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-09-25 龙陵县碧寨金戈土特产品加工厂 Production process for walnut kernel
CN103478856A (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-01-01 湖北工业大学 Device and technology for damage-free hulling and color sorting of tea-oil tree fruit

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783697A (en) * 2012-08-20 2012-11-21 山东理工大学 Walnut feeding, conveying, isolating and shelling all-in-one machine
CN103315340A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-09-25 龙陵县碧寨金戈土特产品加工厂 Production process for walnut kernel
CN103315340B (en) * 2013-07-15 2014-04-16 龙陵县碧寨金戈土特产品加工厂 Production process for walnut kernel
CN103478856A (en) * 2013-09-30 2014-01-01 湖北工业大学 Device and technology for damage-free hulling and color sorting of tea-oil tree fruit
CN103478856B (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-11-04 湖北工业大学 The harmless shelling of a kind of camellia oleifera fruit and color cleaning equipment and technique

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111214

Termination date: 20150510

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model