CN201949518U - Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device - Google Patents

Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201949518U
CN201949518U CN2010206370508U CN201020637050U CN201949518U CN 201949518 U CN201949518 U CN 201949518U CN 2010206370508 U CN2010206370508 U CN 2010206370508U CN 201020637050 U CN201020637050 U CN 201020637050U CN 201949518 U CN201949518 U CN 201949518U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
door
escape
running away
vertical shaft
buffering
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010206370508U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁文斗
Original Assignee
丁文斗
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Publication date
Application filed by 丁文斗 filed Critical 丁文斗
Priority to CN2010206370508U priority Critical patent/CN201949518U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201949518U publication Critical patent/CN201949518U/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A62LIFE-SAVING; FIRE-FIGHTING
    • A62BDEVICES, APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR LIFE-SAVING
    • A62B1/00Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like
    • A62B1/20Devices for lowering persons from buildings or the like by making use of sliding-ropes, sliding-poles or chutes, e.g. hoses, pipes, sliding-grooves, sliding-sheets

Abstract

The utility model discloses a building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device, which is characterized by being divided into a permanent cement channel type installed during the building process and a metal channel type additionally installed in a finished building. Each of the above two types of the device comprises a multi-entry vertical shaft-type escape channel system, a multistage horn-shaped fiber tightness deceleration cylinder system fixed to the inner wall of the escape channel system and a landing buffer and escape door system. A single or a plurality of the escape devices can be arranged on both sides of a balcony, in an elevator lobby or in a staircase. The entry of the escape device is installed inside the building and the escape outlet thereof is installed on the outside of the building wall. The universal difficult problem of the rapid escaping of high density people in tall buildings, especially super tall buildings during the fire hazard is completely solved by utilizing the escape device. The escape device also has the advantages of small occupation area, low cost, simple operation and excellent effect, which is suitable for both new and old buildings.

Description

The shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during fire hazard of storied house

Technical field

The utility model belongs to the building safety field, and personnel escaping device when relating to a kind of fire relates in particular to a kind of particularly timely safe escape of personnel during fire of high-rise building of building that is applicable to: the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during fire hazard of storied house.

Background technology

At present whole world building is built higher and higher, and quantity is more and more, and the fire-fighting difficulty is increasing, but the world-famous puzzle that can personnel in time during fire, safe escape remains the urgency that does not have solution.Personnel can only be from fire safety passage and stair escape during the various reasons fire, and still the highdensity stream of people is often because crowd, trample and cause unnecessary casualties.During particularly high-rise and superelevation layer breaking out of fire, personnel think all from the high building of tens layers even tens layers walking from the passageway for fire apparatus or the stair safe escape to the outdoor impossibility only not of one deck.

Summary of the invention

The global problem of building personnel escape difficulty during at fire, the present utility model the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during a kind of fire hazard of storied house.

The technical solution of the utility model is:

A kind of building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device is characterized in that: the permanent cement channel-style that just arranges when being divided into design building and can be used for the metal passage type that finished house installs additional; Buffering and the door system of running away formed when its common trait was all landed by the fixing tubaeform fiber degree of tightness of the multistage deceleration cartridge system of: multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system and its inwall and personnel; Can be arranged on balcony both sides and escalator or staircase; Can single or multiplely install; Inlet port is in the building; Escape from mouth outside the building wall

Described multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system is: the vertical shaft tube that directly penetrates into a flooring from roof; Cross section is square in it; Each floor ground position upwards is a vertical rectangle entrance; On the entrance by the oriented indoor safety door of opening; Safety door is and closes shape at ordinary times; Opening safety door during breaking out of fire can jump into the vertical shaft tube and enter safe escape channel; Be fixed with tubaeform fiber degree of tightness deceleration cartridge system under each floor safety door along outer vertical shaft tube inside; Vertical shaft tube bottom is buffering and the door system of running away

The fiber degree of tightness that described multistage is tubaeform fiber degree of tightness deceleration cartridge system surpasses this story height about 1/4 by: every segment length is slowed down, and suitable for reading fixedly the square retainer plate and the fixed screw of usefulness are formed with vertical shaft tube inwall for tube and its, be inserted in down in the square retainer plate of one deck doffing below ground a deceleration tube top cylinder lower end, a fiber degree of tightness deceleration tube flare, each layer so forms a multisection type layer overlaps, every layer of shared passway for escaping that all can enter in it

The described buffering and the door system of running away are equipped with buffering that two springs and opposite connect the vertical shaft tubes with two hinges by: the reveal bottom of running away of vertical shaft tube bottom and land slide plate and drop on buffering by the people and land can outwards open automatically on the slide plate and form running away of a downward slide of flute profile and form, land the slide plate reveal of running away in buffering two connecting rings are arranged, be connected by the lower end of steel wire rope with the night bolt of door inside upper part, to land slide plate horizontal for buffering at ordinary times, personnel drop on buffering and land on the slide plate, weight makes buffering land the skateboard spring side to descend and to draw back night bolt, the door of running away of top flare is outwards opened automatically, the run away door of a both sides after having plate washer to make to fall of running away is downward flute profile slide shape, the time spent door of running away of closing is not locked by the night bolt on the hinge of bottom and top at ordinary times, be the state of not opening from the outside, the reveal of running away of slide plate of landing be with hinge and its do to flexibly connect along a stubble slide plate, it does not tiltedly stand in and runs away behind the door the time spent, and the door of running away is opened when being downward flute profile slide shape it and is along stubble and rides over a upper edge state of running away.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:

1. the door of running away when flat is internally with locked can not the opening from the outside of night bolt, so security is splendid.

2. the safety door of each layer is closed condition at ordinary times, therefore can prevent effectively that children and adult are strayed into, and takes place beyond avoiding.

3. which layer no matter fire occur in, and personnel all can open safety door and jump into fiber degree of tightness in the vertical shaft tube and slow down in the top square frame of tube, through deceleration energy layer by layer rapidly the bottom of the building floor that drops to of safety run away to outside the building and can tumble injury.

The utility model can make the scene of fire the combination setting of each balcony both sides, family and staircase, escalator a large amount of personnel fast, the safe escape of big flow, this point effect on high-rise and high-rise building is more remarkable.As cooperate other fire fighting device effects better.

Remarkable advantage

Solved thoroughly that building is particularly high-rise, quick escape this global difficult problem of high-rise building high density stream of people when breaking out of fire, and floor space is little, cost is low, simple, new and old building all can be provided with, effect is splendid.

Description of drawings

Side-looking structural representation when Fig. 1 uses

Side-looking structural representation during the non-use of Fig. 2

Fig. 3 bottom forward sight structural representation

Fig. 4 plan structure schematic diagram

The 1-floor 2-safety door 3-vertical shaft tube 4-square retainer plate 6-of the tube 5-fixed screw 7-that slows down lands slide plate 8-spring 9-connecting ring 10-and runs away a 11-night bolt 12-steel wire rope 13-hinge 14-along a stubble slide plate among the figure

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in detail

Embodiment

A kind of building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device is characterized in that: the permanent cement channel-style that just arranges when being divided into design building and can be used for the metal passage type that finished house installs additional; Its common trait all by: multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system and the fixing tubaeform fiber degree of tightness of multistage of its inwall slow down tube 4 systems and personnel when landing buffering and door 10 systems of running away form; Can be arranged on balcony both sides and escalator or staircase; Can single or multiplely install; Inlet port is in the building; Escape from mouth outside the building wall

Described multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system is: the vertical shaft tube 3 that directly penetrates into a flooring from roof; Cross section is square in it; Each floor 1 ground location upwards is a vertical rectangle entrance; On the entrance by the oriented indoor safety door of opening 2; Safety door 2 is and closes shape at ordinary times; Opening safety door 2 during breaking out of fire can jump into vertical shaft tube 3 and enter safe escape channel; Vertical shaft tube 3 inside outside each 2 times edge of floor 1 safety door are fixed with tubaeform fiber degree of tightness tube 4 systems of slowing down; Vertical shaft tube 3 bottoms are buffering and door 10 systems of running away

Slow down fiber degree of tightness that tube 4 systems surpass this story height about 1/4 by: every segment length of fiber degree of tightness that described multistage is tubaeform slows down that suitable for reading fixedly the square retainer plate 5 and the fixed screw 6 of usefulness are formed with vertical shaft tube inwall for tube 4 and its, be inserted in down in the square retainer plate 5 of one deck doffing below ground deceleration tube 4 top cylinder lower ends, a fiber degree of tightness deceleration tube flare, each layer so forms a multisection type layer overlaps, every layer of shared passway for escaping that all can enter in it

The described buffering and door 10 systems of running away are equipped with buffering that two springs 8 and opposite connect the vertical shaft tubes with two hinges 13 by door 10 side lower parts of running away of: vertical shaft tube 4 bottoms and land slide plate 7 and drop on buffering by the people and land can outwards open automatically on the slide plate 7 and form running away of a downward slide of flute profile and 10 form, buffering land slide plate 7 run away the door 10 sides two connecting rings 9 are arranged, be connected by the lower end of steel wire rope 12 with the night bolt 11 of door inside upper part, to land slide plate 7 horizontal for buffering at ordinary times, personnel drop on buffering and land on the slide plate 7, weight makes buffering land slide plate 7 springs 8 sides to descend and to draw back night bolt 11, the door 10 of running away of top flare is outwards opened automatically, the run away door 10 of door 10 both sides after having plate washer to make to fall of running away is downward flute profile slide shape, the time spent door 10 of running away of closing is not locked by the night bolt 11 on the hinge 13 of bottom and top at ordinary times, be the state of not opening from the outside, door 10 sides of running away of slide plate of landing be with hinge 13 and its do to flexibly connect along a stubble slide plate 14, after the time spent, it did not tiltedly stand in the door 10 of running away, the door 10 of running away was opened when being downward flute profile slide shape it and is along stubble and rides over the door 10 upper edge states of running away.

It more than is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not that the utility model is done any pro forma restriction, any simple modification that every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model is done above embodiment, equivalent variations and modification are in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer is characterized in that during a fire hazard of storied house: the permanent cement channel-style that just is provided with when being divided into design building and can be used for the metal passage type that finished house installs additional, its common trait all is by: multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system and the fixing tubaeform fiber degree of tightness of multistage of its inwall tube that slows down, the buffering and the door of running away when (4) system and personnel land, (10) system forms, can be arranged on balcony both sides and escalator or staircase, can single or multiplely install, inlet port is in the building, escape from mouth outside the building wall
2. the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during fire hazard of storied house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, multiple entry vertical shaft type passway for escaping system is for directly penetrating into the vertical shaft tube (3) of a flooring from roof, cross section is a square in it, each floor (1) ground location upwards is a upright rectangle inlet, on the inlet by the oriented indoor safety door of opening (2), safety door (2) is and closes shape at ordinary times, opening safety door (2) during breaking out of fire can jump into vertical shaft tube (3) and enter the safe escape passage, vertical shaft tube (3) internal fixation outside each floor (1) safety door (2) lower edge has tubaeform fiber degree of tightness tube (4) system of slowing down, vertical shaft tube (3) bottom is the buffering and door (10) system of running away
3. the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during fire hazard of storied house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, fiber degree of tightness that multistage is tubaeform tube (4) system of slowing down is the slow down suitable for reading and vertical shaft tube inwall of tube (4) and its fixedly square retainer plate (5) and fixed screw (6) composition of usefulness of fiber degree of tightness that every segment length surpasses this story height about 1/4, be inserted in down in the square retainer plate of one deck doffing below ground (5) deceleration tube (a 4) top cylinder lower end, a fiber degree of tightness deceleration tube flare, each layer so forms a multisection type layer overlaps, every layer of shared passway for escaping that all can enter in it
4. the shared escape device of personnel's multilayer during fire hazard of storied house according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the buffering and door (10) system of running away are that door (10) side lower part of running away of vertical shaft tube (4) bottom is equipped with buffering that two springs (8) and opposite connect the vertical shaft tube with two hinges (13) and lands slide plate (7) and have the people to drop on buffering to land slide plate (7) and go up (10) composition of running away that can outwards open a downward slide of flute profile of formation automatically, buffering land slide plate (7) run away the door (a 10) side two connecting rings (9) are arranged, be connected by the lower end of steel wire rope (12) with the night bolt (11) of door inside upper part, to land slide plate (7) horizontal for buffering at ordinary times, personnel drop on buffering and land on the slide plate (7), weight makes buffering land slide plate (7) spring (8) side to descend and to draw back night bolt (11), the door (10) of running away of top flare is outwards opened automatically, the run away door (10) of door (10) both sides after having plate washer to make to fall of running away is downward flute profile slide shape, the time spent door (10) of running away of closing is not locked by the night bolt (11) on the hinge (13) of bottom and top at ordinary times, be the state of not opening from the outside, door (10) side of running away of slide plate of landing be with hinge (13) and its do to flexibly connect along a batch slide plate (14), after the time spent, it did not tiltedly stand in the door (10) of running away, the door (10) of running away was opened when being downward flute profile slide shape it and is along stubble and rides over door (10) upper edge state of running away.
CN2010206370508U 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device CN201949518U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206370508U CN201949518U (en) 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206370508U CN201949518U (en) 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201949518U true CN201949518U (en) 2011-08-31

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010206370508U CN201949518U (en) 2010-12-02 2010-12-02 Building fire hazard multilayer shared escape device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201949518U (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518286A (en) * 2011-12-03 2012-06-27 刘巍 Building escape ladder
CN103394168A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 张义兵 High-rise fire S-shaped fast escape passage device
CN103754555A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-04-30 陈廷 Restrained downward gliding rail
CN105879252A (en) * 2014-11-10 2016-08-24 刘巍 High-rise asylum and escape device
CN108325103A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-07-27 烟台南山学院 A kind of passageway for fire apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518286A (en) * 2011-12-03 2012-06-27 刘巍 Building escape ladder
CN103394168A (en) * 2013-08-16 2013-11-20 张义兵 High-rise fire S-shaped fast escape passage device
CN103754555A (en) * 2014-02-13 2014-04-30 陈廷 Restrained downward gliding rail
CN103754555B (en) * 2014-02-13 2016-01-20 南阳师范学院 One is tied glidepath
CN105879252A (en) * 2014-11-10 2016-08-24 刘巍 High-rise asylum and escape device
CN108325103A (en) * 2018-01-04 2018-07-27 烟台南山学院 A kind of passageway for fire apparatus
CN108325103B (en) * 2018-01-04 2020-09-29 烟台南山学院 Fire fighting access

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110831

Termination date: 20131202

C17 Cessation of patent right