CN201919621U - Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap - Google Patents

Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201919621U
CN201919621U CN2010206711108U CN201020671110U CN201919621U CN 201919621 U CN201919621 U CN 201919621U CN 2010206711108 U CN2010206711108 U CN 2010206711108U CN 201020671110 U CN201020671110 U CN 201020671110U CN 201919621 U CN201919621 U CN 201919621U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
aperture plate
peanut
plate
casing
manual peanut
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206711108U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨明光
张士平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG JUYUAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG JUYUAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG JUYUAN MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG JUYUAN MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2010206711108U priority Critical patent/CN201919621U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201919621U publication Critical patent/CN201919621U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a manual peanut sheller with an adjustable grid scraper gap, which belongs to the field of small agricultural machinery suitable for families. The manual peanut sheller comprises a box body (4) and is characterized in that the bottom of the box body (4) is a grid (5) installed in an arc shape; the center of the upper part of the box body (4) is provided with a cross shaft (3); a squeezing device is installed in the box body (4) by the cross shaft (3); and the squeezing device carries out circular motion along the inner wall of the grid (5) around the cross shaft (3). The manual peanut sheller has the advantages of high efficiency, labor saving, high stripping rate, low breaking rate, low cost and the like, is simple and easy to operate, and is energy-saving and environmental-protection.

Description

The aperture plate squeegee gap is adjustable manual peanut hulling machine
Technical field
The aperture plate squeegee gap is adjustable manual peanut hulling machine belongs to and is fit to the small-scale agricultural machinery field that family uses.
Background technology
Being rich in fat and protein in the peanut, is that abundant vegetable oil source provides rich vegetable protein matter again, and the peanut cultivation area constantly enlarges in recent years, and output improves year by year.The biological structure of peanut is that shelled peanut is wrapped up by one deck peanut shell, processing must shell before the edible and oil expression, traditional method is to peel off by manpower is manual, it is very low not only to point very easily fatigue but also work efficiency, everyone per hour shells 1 jin of shelled peanut at most, shells continuously 2~3 hours, and finger will be peeled injured, pain unbearably, shelling peanuts is one of very bitter very tired farm work.Though domestic some enterprise produces electronic groundnut sheller, as model be: 6BK-22,6H-20 etc., the equal power consumption of hulling machine is bigger but this cultivates peanut, motor power (output) is several kilowatts, and is bulky, complex structure, therefore cost an arm and a leg, every price is just up to several ten thousand yuan, only be applicable to that large-scale oil expression enterprise buys to use, and individual agricultural production family generally is to disperse plantation, annual every family gathers in the crops tens jin to hundreds of jin peanut, still peeling off by manpower is manual in most of individual agricultural productions family, peels off by hand so peanut producing region vast farmers presses for a kind of can the replacement, time saving and energy saving, economical and practical, be suitable for the groundnut sheller that family uses.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of aperture plate squeegee gap that provides a kind of high-effective and labour-saving, walnut hulling rate height, low, simple to operation, the suitable family of percentage of damage to use.
The technical scheme that its technical problem that solves the utility model adopts is: the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of this aperture plate squeegee gap, comprise casing, it is characterized in that: bottom half is the aperture plate that arc is installed, transverse axis is equipped with at casing central upper portion place, by transverse axis pressurizing unit is installed in casing, pressurizing unit is done circular motion around transverse axis along the aperture plate inwall.
Described pressurizing unit comprises vertical rod and is installed in handle, transverse tube, fixed head and scraper plate in the vertical rod from top to bottom successively.
Described scraper plate is made of steel plate, has adjustment hole on the plate face, and scraper plate is installed on the fixed head by bolt and adjustment hole.The setting of adjustment hole can realize the flexible adjustment in gap between scraper plate and the aperture plate, being applicable to the peanut pod of different sizes, different cultivars, thereby guarantees high walnut hulling rate and low percentage of damage.
Described aperture plate is a round steel weldering system, the mesh of the uniform consistent size of wire side.Mesh uniform and of the same size determines that through calculating only allow the peanut shell of strip off and shelled peanut to leak down, the peanut pod of strip off then can leak, and has further guaranteed high walnut hulling rate.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model had is:
1, high-effective and labour-saving, energy-conserving and environment-protective: by artificial back and forth driving handle, make vertical rod drive scraper plate and do circular motion around transverse axis, scraper plate carries out extrusion shearing to the peanut pod that drops on the aperture plate, peanut pod is promptly by strip off, peanut shell and shelled peanut fall from the hole of aperture plate, promptly finish peanut shelling, need not other power-equipment, time saving and energy saving;
2, walnut hulling rate height, percentage of damage are low: uniform through calculating the mesh of determining of the same size on the aperture plate, mesh only allows the peanut shell of strip off and shelled peanut to leak down, the peanut pod of strip off can not leak, further effectively guaranteed high walnut hulling rate, during pressurizing unit work, peanut pod stirred by scraper plate and the gravity effect drops on the aperture plate, a scraper plate shell extrusion shearing to peanut pod, the power of peeling off has flexibility, has effectively reduced percentage of damage;
3, with low cost, economical and practical: simple in structure, fabrication and installation are convenient, again owing to need not consumer such as motor, so cost of manufacture reduces significantly, and by adjusting the gap between aperture plate and the scraper plate, applicable to the shelling of the big or small peanut pod of difference, be that a kind of major peanut shell of can shelling can be shelled the small pod peanut shell again, be particularly suitable for family and use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model front view schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the utility model side view schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 is the utility model pressurizing unit substructure schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is the utility model aperture plate deployed configuration schematic diagram.
Wherein: 1, handle 2, vertical rod 3, transverse axis 4, casing 5, aperture plate 6, support 7, scraper plate 8, fixed head 9, transverse tube 10, bolt 11, adjustment hole 12, long rectangular slab 13, short rectangular slab.
Fig. 1~4th, most preferred embodiment of the present utility model is described further below in conjunction with 1~4 pair of the utility model of accompanying drawing:
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1~4:
The adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of this aperture plate squeegee gap, comprise casing 4 and pressurizing unit, casing 4 is surrounded by two bigger long rectangular slabs 12 and two less short rectangular slabs 13, casing 4 bottoms are aperture plate 5, aperture plate 5 is the round steel weldering system of Φ 6.5mm, Q235, wire side is crisscross shape, uniform a plurality of mesh that is of a size of 12.5mm * 25mm, 4 liang long rectangular slabs 12 of aperture plate 5 two ends arc connect boxes, casing 4 central upper portion places are by nut fixed installation transverse axis 3, and support 6 is equipped with in two short rectangular slabs, 13 bottoms of casing 4 both sides; By transverse axis 3 pressurizing unit is installed in casing 4 inside, pressurizing unit comprises vertical rod 2 and is installed in handle 1 in the vertical rod 2 from top to bottom successively, transverse tube 9, fixed head 8 and scraper plate 7, the fixedly connected handle 1 in vertical rod 2 tops, middle part welding transverse tube 9, vertical rod 2 bottoms welding fixed head 8, scraper plate 7 is installed on the fixed head 8, scraper plate 7 usefulness thickness are that No. 45 steel plates of 6mm are made, and have two long elliptoid adjustment holes 11 on the plate face, scraper plate 7 is fixed on the fixed head 8 by bolt 10 and adjustment hole 11, transverse tube 9 is sleeved on the transverse axis 3, leave the gap between the aperture plate 5 of scraper plate 7 and casing 4 bottoms, pressurizing unit can be done circular motion along aperture plate 5 inwalls around transverse axis 3, and can adjust gap between scraper plate 7 and the aperture plate 5 flexibly by regulating the position of bolt 10 in adjustment hole 11.
The course of work is as follows:
The peanut pod of needs shelling is poured into from casing 4 tops, with the reciprocal driving handle 1 of hand, vertical rod 2 drives scraper plate 7 and does circular motion around transverse axis 3 along aperture plate 5 inwalls, owing to leave certain clearance between scraper plate 7 and the aperture plate 5, and the gap is less than the diameter of peanut pod, so the peanut pod that 7 pairs of scraper plates drop on the aperture plate 5 carries out extrusion shearing, because peanut pod is subjected to the effect of shearing force of the scraper plate 7 of relative motion on fixed aperture plate 5, the shell of peanut pod is cut to split, promptly realized separating of peanut pod shell and kernel, peanut pod is by strip off, and peanut shell and shelled peanut fall from the mesh of aperture plate 5, and peanut shelling is finished.
Prove through test of many times, the size in gap is bigger to the percentage of damage influence of shelling benefit, walnut hulling rate, shelled peanut between aperture plate 5 and the scraper plate 7, when carrying out peanut shelling, should adjust the gap between scraper plate 7 and the aperture plate 5 according to the actual size of peanut pod, the major peanut gap is transferred big, turn down in the small pod peanut gap, therefore the utility model is applicable to the shelling of the peanut pod of different sizes, adjusts more flexibly, and practicality is stronger; Peanut pod stirred by scraper plate 7 and the gravity effect drops on the aperture plate 5, and the power of peeling off that the extrusion shearing of 7 pairs of peanut pods of scraper plate produces has flexibility, so the percentage of damage of shelled peanut is also lower.
In addition, the thin round steel weldering of aperture plate 5 usefulness that the separation principle of the utility model foundation " little is passed through; big only " designs and produces is made, the uniform mesh of the same size of wire side, the size of mesh is calculated through test of many times and is determined, the shelled peanut and the broken peanut shell that only allow to have shelled fall from mesh, and unhulled peanut pod can not fall, and has further guaranteed the high walnut hulling rate of peanut pod.
The above, it only is preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not to be the restriction of the utility model being made other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solutions of the utility model content that do not break away to any simple modification, equivalent variations and remodeling that above embodiment did, still belongs to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model according to technical spirit of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of aperture plate squeegee gap, comprise casing (4), it is characterized in that: the aperture plate (5) that install for arc casing (4) bottom, transverse axis (3) is equipped with at casing (4) central upper portion place, by transverse axis (3) pressurizing unit is installed in casing (4), pressurizing unit is done circular motion around transverse axis (3) along aperture plate (5) inwall.
2. the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of aperture plate squeegee gap according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described pressurizing unit comprises vertical rod (2) and is installed in handle (1), transverse tube (9), fixed head (8) and scraper plate (7) in the vertical rod (2) from top to bottom successively.
3. the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of aperture plate squeegee gap according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described scraper plate (7) is made of steel plate, have adjustment hole (11) on the plate face, scraper plate (7) is installed on the fixed head (8) by bolt (10) and adjustment hole (11).
4. the adjustable manual peanut hulling machine of aperture plate squeegee gap according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described aperture plate (5) is round steel weldering system, the mesh of uniform consistent size on the wire side.
CN2010206711108U 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap Expired - Fee Related CN201919621U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206711108U CN201919621U (en) 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206711108U CN201919621U (en) 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201919621U true CN201919621U (en) 2011-08-10

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010206711108U Expired - Fee Related CN201919621U (en) 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 Manual peanut sheller with adjustable grid scraper gap

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN201919621U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107549855A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-09 榆林学院 A kind of device and its application method for separating beanpod plant

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107549855A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-01-09 榆林学院 A kind of device and its application method for separating beanpod plant

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110810

Termination date: 20121221

C17 Cessation of patent right