CN201903458U - Portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler - Google Patents

Portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201903458U
CN201903458U CN2010206792336U CN201020679233U CN201903458U CN 201903458 U CN201903458 U CN 201903458U CN 2010206792336 U CN2010206792336 U CN 2010206792336U CN 201020679233 U CN201020679233 U CN 201020679233U CN 201903458 U CN201903458 U CN 201903458U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
pipe
type
sampling tube
portable
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010206792336U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁昌富
李明思
焦心舒
朱荣光
蓝明菊
于英雷
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Shihezi University
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Shihezi University
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Priority to CN2010206792336U priority Critical patent/CN201903458U/en
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Publication of CN201903458U publication Critical patent/CN201903458U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a soil sampler for soil drilling and sampling, in particular to a soil sampler capable of taking undisturbed soil. The portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler comprises a handle; the handle is connected with a soil sampling tube; the soil sampling tube is provided with an end cover; the handle is fixedly connected with the end cover on the soil sampling tube; a vent hole is formed on the end cover; a plurality of cutting rings are arranged in the soil sampling tube; a soil sampling tube boot is arranged at the end part of the soil sampling tube; a fixed anchor rod and a movable anchor rod are arranged on two sides of the soil sampling tube; the soil sampling tube consists of a plurality of sectional type sleeves; the quantity and the length of each sectional type sleeve correspond to those of each cutting ring; and each sectional type sleeve consists of two semicircular folio coupling tubes. The portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler avoids the disturbance to a soil sample to a maximal extend in the links of penetration, soil cutting and sampling during the action process, can effectively overcome the soil resistance, is convenient and easy to operate and has the advantages that the portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler has small disturbance to soil samples, is simple to operate and is convenient to carry.

Description

Portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of soil sample barrel that soil drills through sampling that is used for, especially a kind of soil sample barrel of taking undisturbed soil sample.
Background technology
The undisturbed soil sampling is an element task among engineering geological investigation, environmental engineering, agricultural engineering, the water conservancy and hydropower worker.Undisturbed soil is meant the natural structure of taking should keep in the process sample in soil sample, and promptly the physical property of soil sample, mechanical property, chemical property etc. all remain unchanged in sampling process.If the natural structure of sample has been subjected to destruction, just be called " disturbance sample ".The disturbance of soil sample is not allowed maybe and should be avoided as far as possible in some engineering geologic investigations, the medium many fields of experimental study.
Soil sample barrel claims soil sample collector again, is that structure, composition and the content thereof of the soil sample of a certain degree of depth of soil that collects by analysis is studied corresponding soil layer soil physical, mechanical property, chemical property etc.Be widely used in industries such as engineering geological investigation, environmental engineering, agricultural engineering, Hydraulic and Hydro-Power Engineering.The structure of soil sample barrel and type are influence one of the principal elements of quality that fetches earth, so in the design of soil sample barrel, manufacture process, be to make institute's soil sampling not be subjected to or be subjected to less disturbance as far as possible to the basic demand of soil sample barrel; Can successfully cut in the soil layer and take out soil sample; Simple in structure, easy to use.At present domestic and international boring extracting soil device can be divided into thin-walled and heavy wall two classes by the thickness program of wall, can be divided into injection (static pressure or hammering) and revolution two classes by the mode that enters soil layer.Different soil sample barrels is applicable to dissimilar soil layers.
Original state sampling method commonly used has core cutter method and the original state pipe method that fetches earth.Core cutter method fetches earth to be needed to excavate the section hole earlier, exists shortcomings such as complicated operation, labour intensity is big, soil extracting efficiency is low; Tiretube process once can be obtained the soil sample of a plurality of soil layers though original state fetches earth, and soil extracting efficiency is higher, exists soil sample and releases shortcomings such as difficulty, soil sample separation precision is low, error is big.Therefore, the problem that exists at present soil basketing method anatomizes the whole process of soil sample barrel work, analyzes and fetches earth, cuts have which disturbance in each link such as soil, sampling, how to reduce disturbance to greatest extent, keeping the original state of soil sample is most critical.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide that a kind of simple in structure, easy and simple to handle, laborsaving, institute's soil sampling original state degree height, soil sample disturbance are little, the transportation that is easy to carry, economical and practical portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel.
The utility model discloses a kind of portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel, comprise handle 1, it is characterized in that being connected with the pipe 3 that fetches earth with handle 1, the pipe 3 that fetches earth is provided with end cap 7, described handle 1 is fixedlyed connected with the pipe 3 set end caps 7 that fetch earth, described end cap 7 is provided with air hole 9, be provided with a plurality of cutting rings 8 in the described pipe 3 that fetches earth, described pipe 3 ends of fetching earth are provided with the shoe 4 that fetches earth, described pipe 3 both sides of fetching earth are provided with fixing anchor bar 2, movable anchor pole 6, the pipe 3 that fetches earth is made up of a plurality of sectional type sleeve pipes 10, the quantity of sectional type sleeve pipe 10 and length are corresponding with cutting ring 8, and each sectional type sleeve pipe 10 is split the pipe that narrows by two semicircles and 12 formed, and described two to split narrow pipe 12 and fixing anchor bar 2 hinged, split pipe 12 openings one side that narrows for two and be provided with syrinx 11, described movable anchor pole 6 passes from described syrinx 11.
Described fixing anchor bar 2, movable anchor pole 6 are wedge shape near the end of the shoe 4 that fetches earth.
The utility model in use, the supporting use of guide cylinder commonly used in the time of can be with soil sampling can guarantee directivity and verticality better.
The mode of fetching earth of the present utility model adopts the method that is driven in the hole, the soil extracting efficiency height, compare with other mode of fetching earth, can avoid disturbance preferably to institute's soil sampling and surrounding soil, utilize fixing anchor bar 2 and movable anchor pole 6 that the independent segmented formula sleeve pipe 10 of plurality of sections is together in series, take out the moving anchor pole 6 of deactivation during sampling, reverse adjacent sectional formula sleeve pipe 10, utilize its dislocation shearing force to cut off earth pillar, saved and cut native device, can farthest avoid slag, fall sample; Every joint sectional type sleeve pipe 10 is made up of the two halves of irregular complementation, is stringed together by fixing anchor bar 2 parallel connections, is similar to the hinge of rotation.Take out the moving anchor pole 6 of deactivation, sectional type sleeve pipe 10 can in divide and open, after soil sample is cut off, open every section sectional type sleeve pipe 10, directly take out be equipped with in the sectional type sleeve pipe 10 soil sample cutting ring 8 get final product, farthest avoided the disturbance of soil sample; According to the specification difference of standard cutting ring, the design can make different size, and the number of the cutting ring that uses when fetching earth is more flexible, can make different specifications according to the degree of depth difference that fetches earth.
Compared with prior art, in the utility model mechanism, in injection, cut soil, each link of taking a sample all avoided the disturbance to soil sample to greatest extent, can effectively overcome soil resistance, and it is easy to operation, having soil sample disturbance advantage little, simple to operate, easy to carry, is a kind of economical and practical soil sample barrel.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.
The structural representation that Fig. 2 analyses and observe for Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 4 is the perspective view of sectional type sleeve pipe among the utility model embodiment 1.
As shown in the figure: 1 is handle, and 2 is fixing anchor bar, and 3 are the pipe that fetches earth, and 4 are the shoe that fetches earth, and 5 is tapered end, and 6 is movable anchor pole, and 7 are the pipe end-cap that fetches earth, and 8 is cutting ring, and 9 is air hole, and 10 is the sectional type sleeve pipe, and 11 is syrinx, and 12 for splitting the pipe that narrows.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 4, a kind of portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel, comprise handle 1, be connected with the pipe 3 that fetches earth with handle 1, the pipe 3 that fetches earth is provided with end cap 7, described handle 1 is fixedlyed connected with the pipe 3 set end caps 7 that fetch earth, described end cap 7 is provided with air hole 9, be provided with a plurality of cutting rings 8 in the described pipe 3 that fetches earth, described pipe 3 ends of fetching earth are provided with the shoe 4 that fetches earth, described pipe 3 both sides of fetching earth are provided with fixing anchor bar 2, movable anchor pole 6, the pipe 3 of fetching earth is made up of a plurality of sectional type sleeve pipes 10, and the quantity of sectional type sleeve pipe 10 and length are corresponding with cutting ring 8, each sectional type sleeve pipe 10 is split the pipe 12 that narrows by two semicircles and is formed, described two to split the pipe 12 that narrows hinged with fixing anchor bar 2, splits pipe 12 openings one side that narrows for two and be provided with syrinx 11, and described movable anchor pole 6 passes from described syrinx 11.
Adopt in the hole in the use and be driven into method, described portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel is pressed in the soil, after finishing, sampling takes out the moving anchor pole 6 of deactivation, reverse adjacent sectional formula sleeve pipe 10, utilize its dislocation shearing force to cut off earth pillar, sectional type sleeve pipe 10 is opened for hinge-type can middlely divide, after soil sample is cut off, open every section sectional type sleeve pipe 10, directly take out be equipped with in the sectional type sleeve pipe 10 soil sample cutting ring 8 get final product.
Embodiment 2: compare with embodiment 1, the difference of present embodiment is that described fixing anchor bar 2, movable anchor pole 6 are wedge shape near the end of the shoe 4 that fetches earth.

Claims (2)

1. portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel, comprise handle (1), it is characterized in that being connected with the pipe (3) that fetches earth with handle (1), the pipe (3) that fetches earth is provided with end cap (7), described handle (1) is fixedlyed connected with the set end cap of pipe (3) (7) that fetches earth, described end cap (7) is provided with air hole (9), be provided with a plurality of cutting rings (8) in the described pipe (3) that fetches earth, described pipe (3) end of fetching earth is provided with the shoe that fetches earth (4), described pipe (3) both sides of fetching earth are provided with fixing anchor bar (2), movable anchor pole (6), the pipe (3) that fetches earth is made up of a plurality of sectional type sleeve pipes (10), the quantity of sectional type sleeve pipe (10) and length are corresponding with cutting ring (8), each sectional type sleeve pipe (10) is split the pipe (12) that narrows by two semicircles and is formed, described two to split narrow pipe (12) and fixing anchor bar (2) hinged, split pipe (12) opening one side that narrows for two and be provided with syrinx (11), described movable anchor pole (6) passes from described syrinx (11).
2. portable sectional type original state soil sample barrel as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described fixing anchor bar (2), movable anchor pole (6) are wedge shape near the end of the shoe (4) that fetches earth.
CN2010206792336U 2010-12-24 2010-12-24 Portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler Expired - Fee Related CN201903458U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206792336U CN201903458U (en) 2010-12-24 2010-12-24 Portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206792336U CN201903458U (en) 2010-12-24 2010-12-24 Portable sectional type undisturbed soil sampler

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102621190A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-01 山东大学 Soil body sample compressing consolidation and resistivity real-time imaging monitoring device and soil sampler thereof
CN102733363A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 河海大学 Pipe type side opening opening-closing soft soil taking device and soil taking method of soil taking device
CN102749218A (en) * 2012-06-28 2012-10-24 苏州国环环境检测有限公司 Wetland soil sampling device
CN102995509A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-03-27 南阳理工学院 Method for rapidly cold-extracting scrapped nylon sleeve in concrete sleeper and special drill jig
CN103630422A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-12 南京信息工程大学 Oppositely assembled soil sampling tube and soil sampling method
CN103670394A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Earth-taking device for sand frozen earth
CN103776658A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 吉林师范大学 Liner pipe type vertical-compression undisturbed soil sampler
CN103792106A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-14 中国农业大学 Undisturbed frozen soil sampling apparatus
CN104048848A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-17 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Soil sampler
CN104612126A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 青海省电力设计院 Portable pneumatic drilling rig for soil investigation of transmission line engineering
CN104631421A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 哈尔滨工业大学 Device and method applicable to roadbed deep layer sampling density measurement
CN105697004A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-06-22 中国水利水电科学研究院 Cutting ring sampler capable of simultaneously using multiple cutting rings for sampling
CN105865835A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-17 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Segmented type soil sampler
CN105973634A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-28 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Soil sampling assembly for geological prospecting
CN106017980A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Shallow soil taking assembly for geological prospecting
CN106017979A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Soil sampling device for soil sampling component
CN106017971A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Shallow soil sampling component
CN106895992A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-27 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of sand ground undisturbed soil sampling device and its sampling method
CN107607347A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-19 北京林业大学 A kind of soil profile soil sampler
CN110296859A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-01 肇庆中能创智信息科技有限公司 A kind of depth takes the soil testing assemblies of soil
CN110470503A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 A kind of drawing out soil equipment for quickly taking soil profile undisturbed soil
CN111337291A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-06-26 中国水利水电科学研究院 Undisturbed soil sampler and soil infiltration performance measuring method

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102621190B (en) * 2012-03-23 2014-10-15 山东大学 Soil body sample compressing consolidation and resistivity real-time imaging monitoring device and soil sampler thereof
CN102621190A (en) * 2012-03-23 2012-08-01 山东大学 Soil body sample compressing consolidation and resistivity real-time imaging monitoring device and soil sampler thereof
CN102749218A (en) * 2012-06-28 2012-10-24 苏州国环环境检测有限公司 Wetland soil sampling device
CN102733363B (en) * 2012-06-29 2015-06-10 河海大学 Pipe type side opening opening-closing soft soil taking device and soil taking method of soil taking device
CN102733363A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-17 河海大学 Pipe type side opening opening-closing soft soil taking device and soil taking method of soil taking device
CN103670394B (en) * 2012-08-31 2016-03-16 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of drawing out soil equipment of sand ground frozen soil
CN103670394A (en) * 2012-08-31 2014-03-26 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 Earth-taking device for sand frozen earth
CN103776658A (en) * 2012-10-22 2014-05-07 吉林师范大学 Liner pipe type vertical-compression undisturbed soil sampler
CN103792106A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-14 中国农业大学 Undisturbed frozen soil sampling apparatus
CN103792106B (en) * 2012-10-26 2016-03-23 中国农业大学 Original state frozen soil sampler
CN102995509A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-03-27 南阳理工学院 Method for rapidly cold-extracting scrapped nylon sleeve in concrete sleeper and special drill jig
CN103630422A (en) * 2013-11-11 2014-03-12 南京信息工程大学 Oppositely assembled soil sampling tube and soil sampling method
CN104048848A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-17 水利部牧区水利科学研究所 Soil sampler
CN104612126A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-05-13 青海省电力设计院 Portable pneumatic drilling rig for soil investigation of transmission line engineering
CN104631421A (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-05-20 哈尔滨工业大学 Device and method applicable to roadbed deep layer sampling density measurement
CN104631421B (en) * 2015-01-13 2016-04-27 哈尔滨工业大学 A kind of device and method being applicable to roadbed deep layer sampling survey density
CN105697004A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-06-22 中国水利水电科学研究院 Cutting ring sampler capable of simultaneously using multiple cutting rings for sampling
CN105865835A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-17 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Segmented type soil sampler
CN106017971B (en) * 2016-06-16 2019-01-15 上海中煤物探测量有限公司 Shallow-layer soil sample takes component
CN105973634A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-28 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Soil sampling assembly for geological prospecting
CN106017980A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Shallow soil taking assembly for geological prospecting
CN106017979A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Soil sampling device for soil sampling component
CN106017971A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-10-12 无锡中地钻探装备有限公司 Shallow soil sampling component
CN105973634B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-05-22 连云港世博工程设计研究院有限公司 The component used for geological prospecting that fetches earth
CN106017980B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-11-16 中冶地集团西北岩土工程有限公司 Thin solum used for geological prospecting takes local soil type's part
CN106895992A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-27 中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所 A kind of sand ground undisturbed soil sampling device and its sampling method
CN107607347A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-01-19 北京林业大学 A kind of soil profile soil sampler
CN110296859A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-01 肇庆中能创智信息科技有限公司 A kind of depth takes the soil testing assemblies of soil
CN110470503A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-11-19 中国科学院遗传与发育生物学研究所农业资源研究中心 A kind of drawing out soil equipment for quickly taking soil profile undisturbed soil
CN111337291A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-06-26 中国水利水电科学研究院 Undisturbed soil sampler and soil infiltration performance measuring method
CN111337291B (en) * 2020-04-07 2021-05-07 中国水利水电科学研究院 Undisturbed soil sampler and soil infiltration performance measuring method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110720

Termination date: 20111224

C17 Cessation of patent right