CN201310302Y - Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit - Google Patents

Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201310302Y
CN201310302Y CN 200820231884 CN200820231884U CN201310302Y CN 201310302 Y CN201310302 Y CN 201310302Y CN 200820231884 CN200820231884 CN 200820231884 CN 200820231884 U CN200820231884 U CN 200820231884U CN 201310302 Y CN201310302 Y CN 201310302Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
connection block
soil column
drilling rod
undisturbed soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 200820231884
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振营
刘作新
尹光华
刘兴斌
张颖
苗永刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
Original Assignee
Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS filed Critical Institute of Applied Ecology of CAS
Priority to CN 200820231884 priority Critical patent/CN201310302Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201310302Y publication Critical patent/CN201310302Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

An undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit belongs to drilling technical field, and comprises a drill drum, a base, a connection seat and a drill rod, wherein the connection seat and the base are respectively mounted at both ends of the drill drum, and the drill rod is connected with the connection seat. The drill drum is formed by using occlusive grooves to sliding-connect two semi-circles which can be separated to obtain undisturbed soil sample while collecting compact soil, and which can be used as a container to study properties of undisturbed soil without taking out the soil in order to avoid to damage undisturbed soil sample while collecting loose soil. The number of the drill drum can be a plurality to well collect undisturbed soil column and conveniently transport the collected undisturbed soil column. While being used, the undisturbed soil column acquisition combination unit can obtain undisturbed soil sample of required-depth interior profile without digging soil profile, thereby avoiding digging operation in field undisturbed soil sample collection.

Description

Soil column is gathered composite set
Technical field
The invention belongs to the drilling technology field, is that a kind of soil column is gathered composite set, is used for gathering the soil analysis sample, and soil is observed and described sample and gather soil column sample, is suitable for the teaching relevant with soil, scientific research and production division.
Background technology
In the prior art, press the sampling mode difference, geotome has following three types: direct press type, spiral and hammering adding pressure type.The earth boring auger of which kind of type all is to utilize the effect of external force to make drill body enter the soil body, reaches the purpose that fetches earth.As long as rational in infrastructure, working as of sampling method can be got comparatively ideal undisturbed soil sample.But, no matter be direct press type, drill body still rotary or that paddle type mill bores is on the brill barrel opens an opening that differs in size, in order to take out the undisturbed soil of gathering, this way of taking out undisturbed soil from the side comparatively is easy to realize the soil of consolidation for quality, but for the loose soil of quality, be difficult to obtain desirable undisturbed soil, let alone get the deep layer undisturbed soil sample, and collector opening part soil was subject to extraneous soil pollution when undisturbed soil was gathered, and destroyed some features of original soil.Can gather desirable undisturbed soil sample for can be truly most important in situations such as the characteristic of desk research field soil, simulation field material migrations.And these all are the present difficult problems that native device cann't be solved of adopting, and are perplexing researcher.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the technical problem of above-mentioned existence, the invention provides a kind of soil column and gather composite set.The present invention not only can obtain desirable undisturbed soil sample, also can obtain the deep layer undisturbed soil sample.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
The present invention includes and bore tube, base, Connection Block and drilling rod, Connection Block and base are installed in respectively and bore the tube two ends, and drilling rod links to each other with Connection Block.
Described brill tube comprises interconnective adapter sleeve and cylindrical shell, the radius of adapter sleeve is greater than the cylindrical shell radius, on the same axis of adapter sleeve, have two through holes, cylindrical shell is two tubulars that the semicircular cylinder with groove is interlocked and forms, lower limb at cylindrical shell is a cutting edge, and the cylindrical shell upper edge circumference above cutting edge has groove.
Described base is to be the cylinder of the following end closure that matches with brill tube external diameter, and the bottom of cylinder is provided with a pipe.Described Connection Block is connecting rod to be installed constitute on disk, has on the disk and bores the hole that an adapter sleeve is identical and the position is corresponding, the structure of the termination of connecting rod for matching with drilling rod.Described drilling rod is a T font structure, and the lower end of T font structure is the structure that matches with the connecting rod end of Connection Block.The structure that described connecting rod matches with drilling rod: the link of one of connecting rod and drilling rod is a half-round bar, has pin hole on it, and the half-round bar of the link of another bar for matching with it has the pin that matches with pin hole on it.
The present invention also is equipped with extension rod between the connecting rod of Connection Block and drilling rod.Described extension rod two ends are respectively and the connecting rod termination of Connection Block and the structure that matches with termination, drilling rod lower end, have the sleeve that connects the termination in order to fixing extension rod on it.
Brill tube of the present invention is a plurality of, and is stacked mutually, connects base below stacked brill tube.
Advantage of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention bores tube and adopts short size, be advisable with 20~30cm, for the darker employing stratified sampling of sampling request, the original state soil body that the mutual stacked formation of drill body of stratified sampling soil sample requires will be housed during experimental study, like this when undisturbed soil is gathered, small and exquisite being easy to of volume carried, and both can gather soil column well, is convenient to the follow-up works such as original-pack earth pillar carrying that will gather again.
The present invention in use need not excavate soil profile, only with individual's operation, just can obtain to require degree of depth interior profile original-state soil sample like a cork.Because each soil layer of gathering is less, thereby be easy to manually-operated, and for the loose soil that is easy to disturbance of soil property, can directly will bore tube as container and the experimental facilities of containing soil, be used for the follow-up work after undisturbed soil is gathered, become possibility thereby make, and be easy to realize the hard work when excavating soil profile when alleviating the field acquisition undisturbed soil sample greatly at the loose soil collection undisturbed soil sample of soil property.
Because brill tube of the present invention is to be lumped together by the groove Slide Group of two semicircles by mutual interlock, when gathering the pedotheque that compares consolidation, A, B two parts of cylindrical shell can be slided relatively, then A, B two parts are separated, obtain original-state soil sample preferably, when gathering loose pedotheque, we can directly study check as container to the character of undisturbed soil with boring tube, and soil need not be taken out, thereby avoid destruction to undisturbed soil sample.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is added with the structural representation of extension rod for the present invention.
Fig. 3 bores the barrel structure schematic diagram for the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a understructure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a Connection Block structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the left view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of Connection Block of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a jackrod structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the right view of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is an extension rod structural representation of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the right view of Figure 11.
Figure 13 is a plurality of brill tube of the present invention connection diagram.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1: as shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes and bore tube 2, base 1, Connection Block 3 and drilling rod 4, Connection Block 3 and base 1 are installed in respectively and bore tube 4 two ends, and drilling rod 4 links to each other with Connection Block 3.
As Fig. 3~shown in Figure 5, described brill tube 2 comprises interconnective adapter sleeve 5 and cylindrical shell 6, and the radius of adapter sleeve 5 has two through holes 7 greater than boring a tube cylindrical shell 6 in same axis, adapter sleeve 6 upper edges, in order to fixing tube 2 and the Connection Block 2 of boring; Cylindrical shell 6 be the semicircle of two mutual interlocks form cylindric, be cutting edge at the lower edge that bores tube 2, cutting soil when gathering the original state pattern; Cylindrical shell 6 upper edge circumference above cutting edge have arc groove 8, and in order to placing the rubber ring match with cylindrical shell 6 models, this rubber ring is used for a plurality of 2 is tightly connected of boring when boring the large-scale soil column of the mutual stacked formation of tube.Cylindrical shell 6 is equal-sized two semicircles, adopts complemental groove to be interlocked between two semicircles, uses the time delay groove to slide two parts are lumped together complete brill tube of formation, at ordinary times two parts is separately reduced the space station and uses.
As shown in Figure 6, base 1 is the cylinder of a following end closure that matches with brill tube cylindrical shell 6 external diameters, and the bottom disc 9 of cylinder is provided with a pipe 10.The aperture of pipe 10 is 1-2cm, and the pipe of length 3-4cm connects the material that drenches when doing researchs such as soil body material migration.
As Fig. 7~shown in Figure 9, Connection Block 3 is connecting rod 11 to be installed constitute on disk 12, has through hole 13 identical with the adapter sleeve 5 that bores tube 1 and that the position is corresponding on the disk 120, the structure of the termination of connecting rod 11 for matching with drilling rod 4.Figure 10, shown in Figure 11, described drilling rod 4 is a T font structure, and the lower end of T font structure is the structure that matches with connecting rod 11 ends of Connection Block 3, and the handle that the undisturbed soil device enters soil is gathered for rotating or advancing in T font structure upper end.Described connecting rod 11 with the structure that drilling rod 4 matches is: the link of one of connecting rod 11 and drilling rod 4 is a half-round bar, has pin hole 14 on it, and the half-round bar of the link of another bar for matching with it has the pin 15 that matches with pin hole 14 on it.
The pin of Connection Block 3 of the present invention adopts the hollow steel pipe with hole, even sampling also can collect satisfied original-pack pedotheque in the paddy field, and the influence of surface water body to the undisturbed soil collection is minimized.
The present invention bores tube 2 and after Connection Block 3 was connected, the hollow pin porose with tube wall was joined together to form the earth boring auger main body when mounted, drilling rod 4 and Connection Block 3 pass through dowel fixes, and sleeve pipe 18 slided into the pin junction, and connecting portion is locked, use for gathering undisturbed soil.
Embodiment 2: as shown in Figure 2, this example comprises bores tube 2, base 1, Connection Block 3 and drilling rod 4, and Connection Block 3 and base 1 are installed in respectively and bore tube 4 two ends, and drilling rod 4 links to each other with Connection Block 3, between the connecting rod 11 of Connection Block 3 and drilling rod 4 extension rod 16 is installed also.
As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, described extension rod 16 two ends are respectively and connecting rod 11 terminations of Connection Block 3 and the structure that matches with termination, drilling rod 4 lower end, have the sleeve 17 that is connected the termination in order to fixing extension rod 16 with connecting rod 11, drilling rod 4 or other extension rods on it.As shown in Figure 2, for boring be linked in sequence together schematic diagram of tube 2, Connection Block 3, drilling rod 4 and extension rod 16, according to the sampling depth of soil sample, look actual conditions and add extension rod 16, install and fixedly the method for extension rod 16 is identical with the method for jointed rod 4 and Connection Block 3.
As shown in figure 13, the brill tube 2 in this example stacks together mutually and forms a bigger soil column, bores 2 in tube and passes through the groove 8 of its lower end and go up the rubber ring of installing to connect.Mounting seat 1 on bottom the brill tube 2 after stacked.
The two parts that bore tube 2 by groove be slidingly connected form complete brill tube together after, link together with Connection Block 3 and be fixed together and form the main body of earth boring auger with the porose hollow pin of tube wall, drilling rod 4 and Connection Block 3 pass through dowel fixes, and sleeve pipe 18 slided into the pin junction, connecting portion is locked, use for gathering undisturbed soil.
Concrete parameter of the present invention is decided according to the size of device, can suitably adjust according to the specific requirement of practical operation, and the present invention bores the diameter of tube 2 and suitably adjusts according to scientific research or teaching needs, and the rubber ring of sealing usefulness disposes voluntarily according to a brill tube external diameter and gets final product.The height at base 1 edge is being advisable with intact cooperation of sealing ring.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of soil column is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: comprise and bore tube, base, Connection Block and drilling rod, Connection Block and base are installed in respectively and bore the tube two ends, and drilling rod links to each other with Connection Block.
2, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: described brill tube comprises interconnective adapter sleeve and cylindrical shell, the radius of adapter sleeve is greater than the cylindrical shell radius, on the same axis of adapter sleeve, have two through holes, cylindrical shell is two tubulars that the semicircular cylinder with groove is interlocked and forms, lower limb at cylindrical shell is a cutting edge, and the cylindrical shell upper edge circumference above cutting edge has groove.
3, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: described base is to be the cylinder of the following end closure that matches with brill tube external diameter, and the bottom of cylinder is provided with a pipe.
4, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: described Connection Block is connecting rod to be installed constitute on disk, have on the disk and bore the hole that an adapter sleeve is identical and the position is corresponding, the structure of the termination of connecting rod for matching with drilling rod.
5, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, and it is characterized in that: described drilling rod is a T font structure, and the lower end of T font structure is the structure that matches with the connecting rod end of Connection Block.
6, gather composite set according to claim 4 or 5 described soil columns, it is characterized in that: the structure that described connecting rod matches with drilling rod: the link of one of connecting rod and drilling rod is a half-round bar, have pin hole on it, the half-round bar of the link of another bar for matching with it has the pin that matches with pin hole on it.
7, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: between the connecting rod of Connection Block and drilling rod extension rod is installed also.
8, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: described extension rod two ends are respectively and the connecting rod termination of Connection Block and the structure that matches with termination, drilling rod lower end, have the sleeve that connects the termination in order to fixing extension rod on it.
9, soil column according to claim 1 is gathered composite set, it is characterized in that: described brill tube connects base for a plurality of, stacked mutually below stacked brill tube.
CN 200820231884 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit Expired - Fee Related CN201310302Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820231884 CN201310302Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200820231884 CN201310302Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201310302Y true CN201310302Y (en) 2009-09-16

Family

ID=41107556

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200820231884 Expired - Fee Related CN201310302Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201310302Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102565308A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-11 中国农业大学 Soil erosion and slope varying test device for undisturbed soil, and forming method for soil erosion and slope varying test device
CN110318685A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-10-11 中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心 A kind of inside and outside wall divergence type groove profile brill

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102565308A (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-07-11 中国农业大学 Soil erosion and slope varying test device for undisturbed soil, and forming method for soil erosion and slope varying test device
CN110318685A (en) * 2019-06-24 2019-10-11 中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心 A kind of inside and outside wall divergence type groove profile brill

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101750234A (en) Hand-holding original-state pillar collecting device
CN202869848U (en) Undisturbed soil column collector
CN105928740A (en) Undisturbed soil sampler and sampling method
CN209198111U (en) A kind of geological prospecting sampler
CN102692340A (en) Multi-depth rotating-wheel closed sampler and method thereof
CN201310302Y (en) Undisturbed soil column collecting combination unit
CN109339020A (en) A kind of south ion type rareearth ore Luoyang Spade
CN205941051U (en) Ground sampling device among geotechnical engineering
CN201060110Y (en) Group connecting type rotary earth borrowing apparatus
CN209707157U (en) A kind of geologic prospect engineering is with taking soil device
CN211201754U (en) Geological prospecting and drilling device for geotechnical engineering
CN101413263B (en) Rotary enlarging reducing cone spiral tray concrete filling pile and pile-forming apparatus and construction method
CN106501022A (en) A kind of hydrogeology soil collecting device
CN215726945U (en) Portable precession type undisturbed surface soil sampler
CN104330280B (en) A kind of gear type soil sampling device and the method for sampling thereof
CN215218139U (en) Portable soil sampler for soil quality survey
CN205532276U (en) Novel fried punching in irregularity ground device
CN110159264A (en) A kind of hard rock soil layer chisel bit used for geological prospecting
CN209945758U (en) Drilling and soil taking equipment for soil detection
CN205936595U (en) Geological engineering sampler
CN108072539A (en) A kind of scientific research Geological Engineering sampler
CN209117386U (en) A kind of geological prospecting sampler
CN209673418U (en) Sampler is used in a kind of prospecting of geological and mineral
CN208830886U (en) Perforating device is detected in a kind of forestry
CN206648836U (en) A kind of geology sampler

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090916

Termination date: 20121219