CN201844441U - Multifunctional energy-saving stove - Google Patents

Multifunctional energy-saving stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201844441U
CN201844441U CN2010202821734U CN201020282173U CN201844441U CN 201844441 U CN201844441 U CN 201844441U CN 2010202821734 U CN2010202821734 U CN 2010202821734U CN 201020282173 U CN201020282173 U CN 201020282173U CN 201844441 U CN201844441 U CN 201844441U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stove
water tank
kitchen range
heating water
chamber
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010202821734U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
齐献榜
Original Assignee
齐献榜
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Priority to CN2010202821734U priority Critical patent/CN201844441U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201844441U publication Critical patent/CN201844441U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional energy-saving stove. A stove body of the multifunctional energy-saving stove is provided with at least one stove furnace and a stove door, smoke outlets and smoke flues, which correspond to the stove furnace, wherein the bottom of each stove furnace is provided with a stove grate; a slag chamber is formed below each stove grate; a heating water tank with a water inlet and a water outlet is arranged around each stove furnace; the top of each heating water tank is provided with a steam outlet; the smoke flues serving as heating pipelines are distributed in each heating water tank; the outlet ends of the smoke flues pass through the heating water tank, is connected with a fan and the is communicated with the outside atmosphere; each stove furnace is uniformly provided with a plurality of smoke outlets along the periphery; the rest positions of each stove furnace are in contact seal with a stove pot; and all the smoke outlets are communicated to the smoke flues by branch pipes. The multifunctional energy-saving stove has multiple functions, can sufficiently utilize waste heat of smoke to generate low-pressure steam, boil water, provide bathing water and the like, improves the heat efficiency furthest, is uniformly provided with a plurality of smoke outlets so as to make heat distributed uniformly and make combustion sufficient, is suitable for various solid fuels and can be widely used in units such as guest houses, hotels, restaurants, dining halls, schools and the like in which food processing needs to be carried out.

Description

Multifunctional stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of combustion apparatus, is specifically related to a kind of multifunctional stove.
Background technology
The employed cooking stove of large-scale dining room and catering trade is because its working time is long, and Fuel Consumption is very big, and in the low-carbon economy of today epoch, its energy-saving and cost-reducing problem is extremely people's concern naturally.Present employed cooking stove, flue gas is by the natural force discharging, have plenty of by air blast combustion-supporting, exist many weak points: the thermal efficiency low (8~12%), Fuel Consumption is big, and the exhaust temperature of discharge has been taken away a large amount of heat energy up to several Baidu, the thermal efficiency is low, serious waste valuable non-renewable energy resources; The 2nd, intensity is low, a little less than the firepower, and poor performance; The 3rd, operating condition is poor, time-consuming, effort; Particularly coal smoke, the dust in the chamber of a kitchen range can be emerged from the kitchen range door, can produce a large amount of air nuisances and be dispersed into indoorly, causes aspect problems such as IAQ is abominable, and indoor and outdoor surroundings is caused very big pollution.In addition, large-scale dining room and catering trade often need a large amount of atmospheric steams when cooking (as steamed sweet bun, steamed rice etc.), and there is the danger of blast in current widely used steam boiler owing to it has bigger pressure, therefore, for the user who only needs atmospheric steam (as concerning the factories and miness of majority, the large-scale dining room in the school etc.), often be difficult to be suitable for.
A kind of energy-saving cooking is disclosed among the Chinese patent literature CN101726011A, comprise combustion chamber, the kitchen range top, smokejack, air blast, slaughterhouse etc., its structural feature is that floss hole in the chamber of a kitchen range is positioned at the top of the chamber of a kitchen range, and the outer wrap of smokejack water tank, and water tank communicates with slaughterhouse, there is an air exhauster to link to each other with smokejack, though this kind cooking stove is concentrated the discharging flue gas, and utilizes the waste heat in the flue gas, it can only be to utilize gaseous fuel, can't utilize solid fuel, as coal etc.
The utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model provides that a kind of combusting firepower is even, fuel availability is high, the thermal efficiency is high, sanitation and hygiene, multifunctional stove easy and simple to handle.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of multifunctional stove, comprise stove, at least one chamber of a kitchen range and kitchen range door corresponding with it, exhaust opening, smokejack are set on this stove, described chamber of a kitchen range bottom is provided with kitchen range and combs, kitchen range is the grit chamber below combing, be provided with heating water tank around the described chamber of a kitchen range, this heating water tank is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and its top is provided with steam (vapor) outlet; Described smokejack is laid in the described heating water tank as water back, and its port of export passes and passes to outside atmosphere after heating water tank connects air-introduced machine; Evenly lay 3~10 exhaust openings around in described chamber of a kitchen range upper edge, all the other positions, chamber of a kitchen range upper edge contact sealing with the kitchen range pot, and all exhaust openings all are communicated to described smokejack by arm.
Described smokejack with single or multiple lift coil-like be laid in described heating water tank in, the bottom, and make flowing to of flue gas in the smokejack reverse in heating water tank water (flow) direction.
Described smokejack with helix be laid in described heating water tank in, the bottom, and make flowing to of flue gas in the smokejack reverse in heating water tank water (flow) direction.
Above described heating water tank, also be provided with steam chest.
Connect deduster again behind the described smokejack outlet termination air-introduced machine, pass to outside atmosphere at last.
On described smokejack, be laid with fin; The sideboard of band peep hole is installed on the described kitchen range door.
The described chamber of a kitchen range comprises the combustion chamber and at the air-returen flue above the combustion chamber and between below the pot; Described combustion chamber is the cylindrical of inner wall smooth, or is taper type, or is bowl-type, class cydariform, and the center of combustion chamber coincides with a pot navel.
Between described smokejack outlet and air-introduced machine, be provided with flow control valve.
Described heating water tank is provided with pressure limiting valve; Described heating water tank bottom is provided with sewage draining exit.
In described grit chamber, inject the water of≤0.6 grit chamber's volume, form vaporizer.
The grit chamber can be extended, and inject and to be equivalent to the high water in grit chamber 3/5, just form vaporizer.When red-hot cinder falls in a large number, water is heated into steam, high-temperature vapor and anthracite effect produce the coal gas methane CH that has higher calorific value in a large number 4And other hydrocarbon C mH NThese compounds enter in the combustion chamber, burning immediately, and flame is bright, and the thermal efficiency of cooking stove is increased substantially.
The utlity model has actively useful effect:
1. multi-purpose cooker can make full use of fume afterheat generation low-pressure steam and carry out steamed rice, steamed sweet bun, boiling water, bowls and chopsticks sterilization and bath water etc. is provided when soup is burnt in cooking, has improved the thermal efficiency to greatest extent;
2. evenly lay a plurality of exhaust openings, the air that enters in the chamber of a kitchen range is evenly distributed, promote that fuel combustion is complete, and heating power is evenly distributed;
3. be skillfully constructed, reasonable in design, simple in structure, safe and reliable, sanitation and hygiene, easy and simple to handle, energy-saving and emission-reduction, save time economical;
4. fuel source is extensive, is applicable to the solid fuel of the stalk and so on of coal, carbon and compacting, also is suitable for the liquid or the gaseous fuel of diesel oil, coal gas and so on;
5. the utility model can be widely used in doing the unit such as hotel, restaurant, restaurant, dining room, school of food processing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of perspective view of multifunctional stove;
Fig. 2 is a kind of cross-sectional view of multifunctional stove;
Fig. 3 is a kind of vertical view (removing capping and kitchen range pot on the kitchen range top) of multifunctional stove;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view (removing capping and kitchen range pot on the kitchen range top) of another kind of multifunctional stove;
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of another kind of multifunctional stove.
1 is the stove shell among the figure, and 2 is the kitchen range pot, and 3 is the kitchen range door, and 4 is air inlet, 5 is heating water tank, and 6 is the smokejack of coil-like laying, and 7 for drawing the cigarette arm, and 8 is exhaust opening, 9 is steam (vapor) outlet, and 10 is outlet pipe, and 11 is air-introduced machine, and 12 is water inlet pipe, 13 are the kitchen range comb, and 14 is the grit chamber, and 15 is the chamber of a kitchen range, and 16 is the smokejack that a few word shapes are laid, 17 for drawing the cigarette arm, and 18 is leg, and 19 is firebreak, and 20 is air-returen flue, 21 is the helical form smokejack, and 22 is the cydariform combustion chamber, and 23 is steam chest.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment the utility model is further described, but is not limited to the following example.
1 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, comprise stove, this stove is provided with the chamber of a kitchen range 15, kitchen range door 3, exhaust opening 8, smokejack 6, the described chamber of a kitchen range 15 bottoms are provided with kitchen range and comb 13, and kitchen range 13 belows of combing are grit chamber 14, are surrounded with heating water tank 5 around the described chamber of a kitchen range 15, this heating water tank 5 is provided with water inlet 12 and delivery port 10, and its top is provided with steam (vapor) outlet 9; Described smokejack 6 as water back around be laid in the heating water tank 5, the bottom, its port of export passes and passes to outside atmosphere after heating water tank 5 connects air-introduced machine 11; Evenly lay eight exhaust openings 8 around in the described chamber of a kitchen range 15 upper edges, all the other positions, the chamber of a kitchen range 15 upper edges contact sealing with kitchen range pot 2, and all exhaust openings 8 all are communicated to described smokejack 6 by corresponding arm 7.The described chamber of a kitchen range 15 is a column type.Its shell body 1 is made by stainless steel material; The chamber of a kitchen range 15 is made by fire-resistant steel plate.The sideboard (not drawing among the figure) of band peep hole is installed on the described kitchen range door 3.
2 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 4, comprise stove, this stove is provided with the chamber of a kitchen range 15, kitchen range door 3, exhaust opening 8, smokejack 16, and the described chamber of a kitchen range 15 is near the 3 one end settings of kitchen range door, and its bottom is provided with kitchen range and combs 13, kitchen range 13 belows of combing are grit chamber 14, be surrounded with heating water tank 5 around the described chamber of a kitchen range 15, this heating water tank 5 is provided with water inlet 12 and delivery port 10, and its top is provided with steam (vapor) outlet 9; Described smokejack 16 is laid in heating water tank 5 one side bottoms as water back with several fonts that link to each other, and its port of export passes and connects deduster (not drawing among the figure) again after heating water tank 5 connects air-introduced machine 11, passes to outside atmosphere at last; Evenly lay eight exhaust openings 8 around in the described chamber of a kitchen range 15 upper edges, all the other positions, the chamber of a kitchen range 15 upper edges contact sealing with kitchen range pot 2, and all exhaust openings 8 all are communicated to described smokejack 16 by corresponding arm 17; On described smokejack 16, be laid with fin (not drawing among the figure).Other is identical with embodiment 1.
3 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, referring to Fig. 5, substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is: the described chamber of a kitchen range comprises the combustion chamber and at the air-returen flue above the combustion chamber and between below the pot, the combustion chamber is the class cydariform of inner wall smooth, and the center of combustion chamber coincides with a pot navel; (being air-returen flue) evenly lays six exhaust openings 8 around described chamber of a kitchen range upper edge; Above heating water tank, be provided with steam chest 23; Also be provided with the automatic water supply tank (not drawing among the figure) that is connected with heating water tank; The heating water tank bottom is provided with sewage draining exit.
4 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is: described smokejack with helix be laid in described heating water tank in, the bottom, and make flowing to of flue gas in the smokejack reverse in heating water tank water (flow) direction; The water inlet position of heating water tank and delivery port position are exchanged.
5 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is: in described grit chamber, inject the water of 0.5 grit chamber's volume, with the grit chamber as vaporizer.
6 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is: described exhaust opening is three.
7 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is: stove is positive cubic build.
6 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 1, difference is: described stove is provided with two chambers of a kitchen range and corresponding kitchen range door, exhaust opening, smokejack, the two shared air-introduced machine, grit chamber.
7 one kinds of multifunctional stoves of embodiment, substantially the same manner as Example 2, difference is: described stove is provided with two chambers of a kitchen range and corresponding kitchen range door, exhaust opening, the two shared smokejack, air-introduced machine, grit chamber.

Claims (10)

1. multifunctional stove, comprise stove, at least one chamber of a kitchen range and kitchen range door corresponding with it, exhaust opening, smokejack are set on this stove, described chamber of a kitchen range bottom is provided with corresponding kitchen range and combs, kitchen range is the grit chamber below combing, and it is characterized in that, is provided with heating water tank around the described chamber of a kitchen range, this heating water tank is provided with water inlet and delivery port, and its top is provided with steam (vapor) outlet; Described smokejack is laid in the described heating water tank as water back, and its port of export passes and passes to outside atmosphere after heating water tank connects air-introduced machine; Evenly lay 3~10 exhaust openings around in described chamber of a kitchen range upper edge, all the other positions, chamber of a kitchen range upper edge contact sealing with the kitchen range pot, and all exhaust openings all are communicated to described smokejack by arm.
2. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described smokejack with single or multiple lift coil-like be laid in described heating water tank in, the bottom, and make flowing to of flue gas in the smokejack reverse in heating water tank water (flow) direction.
3. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described smokejack with helix be laid in described heating water tank in, the bottom, and make flowing to of flue gas in the smokejack reverse in heating water tank water (flow) direction.
4. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also is provided with steam chest above described heating water tank; Also be provided with the automatic water supply tank that is connected with heating water tank.
5. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, connects deduster again behind the described smokejack outlet termination air-introduced machine, passes to outside atmosphere at last.
6. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is laid with fin on described smokejack; The sideboard of band peep hole is installed on the described kitchen range door.
7. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the described chamber of a kitchen range comprises the combustion chamber and at the air-returen flue above the combustion chamber and between below the pot; Described combustion chamber is the cylindrical of inner wall smooth, or is taper type, and the center of combustion chamber coincides with a pot navel.
8. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with flow control valve between described smokejack outlet and air-introduced machine.
9. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that described heating water tank is provided with pressure limiting valve; Described heating water tank bottom is provided with sewage draining exit.
10. multifunctional stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that, injects the water of≤0.6 grit chamber's volume in described grit chamber, forms vaporizer.
CN2010202821734U 2010-08-05 2010-08-05 Multifunctional energy-saving stove CN201844441U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202821734U CN201844441U (en) 2010-08-05 2010-08-05 Multifunctional energy-saving stove

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202821734U CN201844441U (en) 2010-08-05 2010-08-05 Multifunctional energy-saving stove

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201844441U true CN201844441U (en) 2011-05-25

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Country Link
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017206A (en) * 2012-12-01 2013-04-03 贵州省贵阳白云锅炉厂 Safety energy-saving stove
CN103244971A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-08-14 贵州省贵阳白云锅炉厂 Multifunctional energy-saving stove
CN103322597A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 顾加华 Hearth for generating steam by utilizing waste heat
CN104728819A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 王彦 Steam generator for fuel gas steam box
CN104764046A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-07-08 常州大学 Agricultural heating and water heating system

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103017206A (en) * 2012-12-01 2013-04-03 贵州省贵阳白云锅炉厂 Safety energy-saving stove
CN103244971A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-08-14 贵州省贵阳白云锅炉厂 Multifunctional energy-saving stove
CN103244971B (en) * 2013-04-07 2016-08-03 贵州省贵阳白云锅炉厂 Multifunctional stove
CN103322597A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 顾加华 Hearth for generating steam by utilizing waste heat
CN104764046A (en) * 2015-03-03 2015-07-08 常州大学 Agricultural heating and water heating system
CN104728819A (en) * 2015-04-01 2015-06-24 王彦 Steam generator for fuel gas steam box

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GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110525

Termination date: 20140805