CN201788415U - Solar angular tracking device and solar energy device - Google Patents

Solar angular tracking device and solar energy device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201788415U
CN201788415U CN 201020110702 CN201020110702U CN201788415U CN 201788415 U CN201788415 U CN 201788415U CN 201020110702 CN201020110702 CN 201020110702 CN 201020110702 U CN201020110702 U CN 201020110702U CN 201788415 U CN201788415 U CN 201788415U
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China
Prior art keywords
photoresistance
circuit
azimuth
tie point
signal acquisition
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201020110702
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Chinese (zh)
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郭忠文
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郭忠文
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Priority to CN 201020110702 priority Critical patent/CN201788415U/en
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Abstract

A solar angular tracking device and a solar energy device relate to electronic technology, and comprise an outer casing, an elevation angular signal acquisition circuit, an azimuth angular signal acquisition circuit and a hibernation/return circuit. The solar angular tracking device and the solar energy device are characterized by further comprising an elevation angular signal comparison circuit and an azimuth angular signal comparison circuit, wherein the elevation angular signal comparison circuit connected with the elevation angular signal acquisition circuit is used for converting elevation angular analog signals into square signals outputted to an elevation angular motor driving circuit and includes a Schmitt trigger, and the azimuth angular signal comparison circuit connected with the azimuth angular signal acquisition circuit is used for converting azimuth angular analog signals into square signals and includes a Schmitt trigger. In addition, the azimuth angular signal acquisition circuit, the azimuth angular signal comparison circuit and the hibernation/return circuit are sequentially connected. The solar angular tracking device and the solar energy device have the advantages of capability of overcoming the shortcomings of the currently prior art, wide search range, high tracking precision, omission of the influence of weather, seasons and geographical positions, low manufacturing cost and move convenience for installation and use.

Description

Sun angle follow-up mechanism and solar energy equipment
Technical field
The utility model relates to electronic technology.
Background technology
The energy and ecological dual crisis force national governments by rules and the powerful fast development that promotes regenerative resource of policy; sun power is clean energy resource; solar electrical energy generation will become the main source of following electric power gradually; but the dispersiveness of sun power; directivity and instability, it is not ideal enough to make that people obtain the conversion efficiency of sun power.In the prior art, computer programming simulated solar running orbit tracking mode and simple clock tracing mode are arranged, the defective that they exist respectively is a system complex, and there is cumulative errors in the cost height, influenced by weather, season and geographic position.Wherein, computer programming simulation tracing mode need be considered difference in geographical location, need be aided with latitude and longitude coordinates accurately, and the accuracy of clock trace mode is lower.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is that a kind of technology that can accurately follow the tracks of solar azimuth automatically is provided.
The technical scheme that the utility model solve the technical problem employing is that the sun angle follow-up mechanism comprises shell, elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit and dormancy/return circuit, it is characterized in that, also comprises:
The elevation angle signal comparator circuit is connected with the elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, is used for the elevation angle simulating signal being transformed to square-wave signal and outputing to the elevation angle motor-drive circuit, and the elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
The azimuth signal comparator circuit is connected with the azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, is used for the position angle simulating signal is transformed to square-wave signal, and the azimuth signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
Azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, azimuth signal comparator circuit are connected in turn with dormancy/return circuit.
Dormancy/return circuit comprises the first photosensitive amplifying circuit that is made of light activated element and amplifying circuit and selects output circuit; Select the control termination first photosensitive amplifying circuit of output circuit, two output point and low levels of selecting input end to connect the azimuth signal comparator circuit respectively, the output termination azimuth motor driving circuit of selection output circuit.The described first photosensitive amplifying circuit comprises Schmidt trigger.
The top of described shell is the bucking ladder structure, and the bottom is the cuboid structure, and two opposite flanks and the end face of bucking ladder are provided with window.
Perhaps, described shell upper longitudinal profile is symmetrical arc, is provided with window along camber line.
The utility model also provides the solar energy equipment that has above-mentioned sun angle follow-up mechanism, for example utilizes the generating or the heat utilization device of sun power.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, have overcome many shortcomings that present prior art exists, and search area is wide, the tracking accuracy height, and not influenced by weather, season and geographic position, low cost of manufacture is installed and used more convenient.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is further described.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a circuit structure block diagram of the present utility model.Arrow is corresponding motor-drive circuit later on.
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram of embodiment.Among the figure, the A point is first tie point, and the B point is second tie point, and the C point is the 3rd tie point, and the D point is the 4th tie point.
Fig. 3 is the shell mechanism synoptic diagram of embodiment, and wherein a is a left view, and b is a right view, and c is a front view, and d is a rear view, and e is a vertical view.
Fig. 4 is vertical arrangement synoptic diagram of azimuthal 4 photoresistance of the collection of embodiment.
Fig. 5 is the horizontal synoptic diagram of 7 photoresistance of embodiment.Wherein, G3 is the photoresistance of dormancy/return circuit, and G4, G5 are the photoresistance of elevation angle signal acquisition circuit.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1---5.
This instructions nominal definition of being correlated with:
The benchmark normal: the utility model system is used for solar energy equipment sun-tracing track, and the sensitive surface that keeps solar energy equipment is perpendicular to sunray, so the alleged benchmark normal of this instructions is perpendicular to the straight line of the sensitive surface of solar energy equipment.
Level:
The alleged high level of the utility model is meant the power level that is higher than 0v, and low level is meant the power level that is lower than 0v, and among the embodiment, high level is+12V that low level is-12V.
The utility model comprises shell, elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit and dormancy/return circuit, also comprises:
The elevation angle signal comparator circuit is connected with the elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, is used for the elevation angle simulating signal being transformed to square-wave signal and outputing to the elevation angle motor-drive circuit, and the elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
The azimuth signal comparator circuit is connected with the azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, is used for the position angle simulating signal is transformed to square-wave signal, and the azimuth signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
Azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, azimuth signal comparator circuit are connected in turn with dormancy/return circuit.
The azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit comprises the first photoresistance G1A, the second photoresistance G1B, the 3rd photoresistance G2A, the 4th photoresistance G2B;
The azimuth signal comparator circuit comprises the first amplifier U1A and metal-oxide-semiconductor V1; Wherein, photoresistance G1A and photoresistance G1B are parallel between A, the B point, the 3rd photoresistance G2A and the 4th photoresistance G2B are parallel between ground level and the B point, the B point connects the forward end of the first amplifier U1A, and reverse termination first datum of the first amplifier U1A, the output terminal of the first amplifier U1A are the C point, connect the C point by the 5th resistance R 5 at B o'clock, connect the A point, the positive supply termination high level of the first amplifier U1A, negative power end earth level by the 4th resistance R 4 at C o'clock; Described A point is the high level point.
The elevation angle signal acquisition circuit comprises the 6th photoresistance G4 and the 7th photoresistance G5 that is series between A, the D at 2, and the tie point of the two connects the elevation angle signal comparator circuit as output point; The elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt's optocoupler, forward level amplifier and the reverse level amplifier that has Schmidt trigger, the forward level amplifier is connected with the output terminal of two Schmidt's optocouplers respectively with reverse level amplifier, and be connected respectively to the elevation angle motor-drive circuit, described A point is the high level point, and described D point is the low level point.
The elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises the second amplifier U2A, the positive supply termination high level of the second amplifier U2A, and negative supply termination low level, positive input connects second datum, and negative input connects the 12 resistance R 12; Negative input connects output terminal by the 13 resistance R 13; The forward level amplifier comprises metal-oxide-semiconductor V2; Oppositely level amplifier comprises metal-oxide-semiconductor V3.
Dormancy/return circuit comprises the first photosensitive amplifying circuit that is made of light activated element and amplifying circuit and selects output circuit; Select the control termination first photosensitive amplifying circuit of output circuit, two output point and low levels of selecting input end to connect the azimuth signal comparator circuit respectively, the output termination azimuth motor driving circuit of selection output circuit.The described first photosensitive amplifying circuit comprises Schmidt trigger.Select output circuit to adopt relay K 1, K1-1 is often opening/normally-closed circuit of relay.
First, second datum of the present utility model can be provided by adjustable resistance.
Described elevation angle signal acquisition circuit comprises the 6th photoresistance G4, the 7th photoresistance G5, and the angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of the two is the benchmark normal;
The azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit comprises the first photoresistance G1A, the second photoresistance G1B, the 3rd photoresistance G2A, the 4th photoresistance G2B, wherein, the angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of the second photoresistance photoresistance G1B, the four the first photoresistance G2B is the benchmark normal;
The angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of the first photoresistance G1A, the 3rd photoresistance G2A is the benchmark normal;
The first photoresistance G1A, the 3rd photoresistance G2A are arranged in the sensitization trap, and the second photoresistance G1B, the 4th photoresistance G2B are arranged at outside the sensitization trap;
The top of described shell is provided with optical transmission window, and the sensitization trap is the following part of window in the shell.
The top of described shell is the bucking ladder structure, and the bottom is the cuboid structure, and two opposite flanks and the end face of bucking ladder are provided with window.
The photoresistance that the utility model is used to gather azimuth information is divided into two groups, and two every group, two photoresistance of same group are divided into inside and outside the sensitization trap.Specifically, the first photoresistance G1A, the 3rd photoresistance G2A are arranged in the sensitization trap, and the second photoresistance G1B, the 4th photoresistance G2B are arranged at outside the sensitization trap; The reason of She Zhiing is like this, the outer photoresistance of sensitization trap has the photosensitive region of broad, help under original state, in relative broad range, seeking the direction of the sun, the photosensitive region of the photoresistance in the sensitization trap is comparatively limited, help improving degree of accuracy, when particularly considering the light scatter problem of sky.
It is symmetrical arc that shell also can adopt the longitudinal profile, top, is provided with window along camber line.
The course of work of the present utility model is:
The azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit is used to gather the solar motion trace information of east-west direction, and the elevation angle signal acquisition circuit is used to gather the solar motion trace information of above-below direction.In one-period, the sun is all the time from east orientation west motion, highly is divided into day being raised to high noon and high noon to two stages of sunset change respectively, when dormancy/return circuit is judged as evening, drives azimuth motor antiport to original state and waits for that day rises.

Claims (10)

1. the sun angle follow-up mechanism comprises shell, elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit and dormancy/return circuit, it is characterized in that, also comprises:
The elevation angle signal comparator circuit is connected with the elevation angle signal acquisition circuit, is used for the elevation angle simulating signal being transformed to square-wave signal and outputing to the elevation angle motor-drive circuit, and the elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
The azimuth signal comparator circuit is connected with the azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, is used for the position angle simulating signal is transformed to square-wave signal, and the azimuth signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt trigger;
Azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit, azimuth signal comparator circuit are connected in turn with dormancy/return circuit.
2. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, dormancy/return circuit comprises the first photosensitive amplifying circuit that is made of light activated element and amplifying circuit and selects output circuit; Select the control termination first photosensitive amplifying circuit of output circuit, two output point and low levels of selecting input end to connect the azimuth signal comparator circuit respectively, the output termination azimuth motor driving circuit of selection output circuit.
3. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the described first photosensitive amplifying circuit comprises Schmidt trigger.
4. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit comprises first photoresistance (G1A), second photoresistance (G1B), the 3rd photoresistance (G2A), the 4th photoresistance (G2B); The azimuth signal comparator circuit comprises first amplifier (U1A); Wherein, first photoresistance (G1A) and second photoresistance (G1B) are parallel to first tie point, between second tie point, the 3rd photoresistance (G2A) and the 4th photoresistance (G2B) are parallel between the ground level and second tie point, second tie point connects the forward end of first amplifier (U1A), reverse termination first datum of first amplifier (U1A), output termination the 3rd tie point of first amplifier (U1A), second tie point connects the 3rd tie point by the 5th resistance (R5), the 3rd tie point connects first tie point by the 4th resistance (R4), the positive supply termination high level of first amplifier (U1A), the negative power end earth level; Described first tie point is the high level point.
5. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the elevation angle signal acquisition circuit comprises the 6th photoresistance (G4) and the 7th photoresistance (G5) that is series between first tie point, the 4th tie point at 2, the tie point of the two connects the elevation angle signal comparator circuit as output point; The elevation angle signal comparator circuit comprises Schmidt's optocoupler (U3, U4), forward level amplifier and the reverse level amplifier that has Schmidt trigger, the forward level amplifier is connected with the output terminal of Schmidt's optocoupler with reverse level amplifier, and be connected respectively to the elevation angle motor-drive circuit, described first tie point is the high level point, and described the 4th tie point is the low level point.
6. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described elevation angle signal acquisition circuit comprises second amplifier (U2A), the positive supply termination high level of second amplifier (U2A), negative supply termination low level, positive input connects second datum, and negative input connects the 12 resistance (R12); Negative input connects output terminal by the 13 resistance (R13);
The forward level amplifier comprises second metal-oxide-semiconductor (V2);
Oppositely level amplifier comprises the 3rd metal-oxide-semiconductor (V3).
7. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described elevation angle signal acquisition circuit comprises the 6th photoresistance (G4), the 7th photoresistance (G5), and the angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of the two is the benchmark normal;
The azimuth signal Acquisition Circuit comprises first photoresistance (G1A), second photoresistance (G1B), the 3rd photoresistance (G2A), the 4th photoresistance (G2B), wherein,
The angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of second photoresistance (G1B), the 4th photoresistance (G2B) is the benchmark normal;
The angular bisector of the sensitive surface angle of first photoresistance (G1A), the 4th photoresistance (G2A) is the benchmark normal;
First photoresistance (G1A), the 3rd photoresistance (G2A) are arranged in the sensitization trap, and second photoresistance (G1B), the 4th photoresistance (G2B) are arranged at outside the sensitization trap;
The top of described shell is provided with optical transmission window, and the sensitization trap is the following part of window in the shell.
8. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, the top of described shell is the bucking ladder structure, and the bottom is the cuboid structure, and two opposite flanks and the end face of bucking ladder are provided with window.
9. sun angle follow-up mechanism as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, described shell upper longitudinal profile is symmetrical arc, is provided with window along camber line.
10. the solar energy equipment that has claim 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 or 9 described sun angle follow-up mechanisms.
CN 201020110702 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar angular tracking device and solar energy device Expired - Fee Related CN201788415U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201020110702 CN201788415U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar angular tracking device and solar energy device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201020110702 CN201788415U (en) 2010-02-09 2010-02-09 Solar angular tracking device and solar energy device

Publications (1)

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CN201788415U true CN201788415U (en) 2011-04-06

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102360225A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-02-22 中海阳新能源电力股份有限公司 Output system of sun automatic tracking angle data
CN102789239A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-21 皇明太阳能股份有限公司 Double-shaft high-precision solar tracking motor controller

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102360225A (en) * 2011-08-22 2012-02-22 中海阳新能源电力股份有限公司 Output system of sun automatic tracking angle data
CN102789239A (en) * 2012-08-02 2012-11-21 皇明太阳能股份有限公司 Double-shaft high-precision solar tracking motor controller
CN102789239B (en) * 2012-08-02 2014-11-12 皇明太阳能股份有限公司 Double-shaft high-precision solar tracking motor controller

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110406

Termination date: 20140209