CN101764166A - Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101764166A
CN101764166A CN200910210031A CN200910210031A CN101764166A CN 101764166 A CN101764166 A CN 101764166A CN 200910210031 A CN200910210031 A CN 200910210031A CN 200910210031 A CN200910210031 A CN 200910210031A CN 101764166 A CN101764166 A CN 101764166A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
astronomic
tracking
sun
solar photovoltaic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200910210031A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吉基祥
贲昆树
姜凡
王峰
肖正德
秦明香
董长君
卢森
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
KEQIANG ENERGY SYSTEM ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
KEQIANG ENERGY SYSTEM ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by KEQIANG ENERGY SYSTEM ENGINEERING Co Ltd filed Critical KEQIANG ENERGY SYSTEM ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN200910210031A priority Critical patent/CN101764166A/en
Publication of CN101764166A publication Critical patent/CN101764166A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/30Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment
    • H02S20/32Supporting structures being movable or adjustable, e.g. for angle adjustment specially adapted for solar tracking
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/20Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors for tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system, which relates to a photovoltaic tracking system for a solar module and consists of a computing system (1), an angle sensor system (2) and a control system (3). The computing system (1) is connected with the angle sensor system (2). The angle sensor system (2) is connected with the control system (3). The solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system has simple structure, uses an astronomical algorithm tracking system to compute an azimuth angle and an elevation angle of the sun according to the parameters including the local latitude, longitude, time and the like, has good tracking effect, is not influenced by the weather, and more effectively utilizes the energy of the sun.

Description

Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of photovoltaic tracking system that is used for solar components, be specifically related to a kind of solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system.
Background technology:
Solar tracking system is to keep solar panel at any time over against the sun, is the light power set of vertical irradiation solar panel at any time of sunlight, can significantly improve the generating efficiency of solar photovoltaic assembly.Because the rotation of the earth, solar photovoltaic generation system with respect to some fixed locations, 1 year four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter, day every day rise sunset, the lighting angle of the sun is at every moment all changing, guarantee that effectively solar panel can be constantly over against the sun, generating efficiency just can reach optimum state.At present general in the world solar tracking system all needs the angles according to the different moment sun places of the every day in the information calculations such as longitude and latitude 1 year of laying a little, each position of sun constantly in 1 year is stored in PLC, single-chip microcomputer or the computer software, just by calculating position of sun to realize tracking, what adopt is the computer data theory, need earth longitude and latitude area data and setting, in case install, just inconvenience is moved or mounting or dismounting, has moved just must reset data and adjust each parameter at every turn; Principle, circuit, technology, equipment are all very complicated, and the layman can not at will operate.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system, it is simple in structure, with the tracking system of astronomical algorithm according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculate azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun, tracking effect is good and be not subjected to weather effect, more effectively utilizes the energy of the sun.
In order to solve the existing problem of background technology, the present invention is by the following technical solutions: it is made up of computing system 1, angular transducer system 2 and control system 3, computing system 1 is connected with angular transducer system 2, and angular transducer system 2 is connected with control system 3.
The astronomical algorithm of described computing system 1 according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculates declination angle, azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun.
Described angular transducer system 2 is made up of azimuth sensor 2-1, elevation sensor 2-2 and calculation element 2-3, and azimuth sensor 2-1 all is connected with calculation element 2-3 with elevation sensor 2-2.
Described control system 3 is made up of controller 3-1, motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2 and air velocity transducer 3-3, and controller 3-1 both sides all are connected with motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2, and air velocity transducer 3-3 is connected to controller 3-1.
The present invention adopts astronomical algorithm, computing system 1 is according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculate azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun, and result of calculation is fed back to control system 3, control system 3 is utilized transmission mechanism to make solar power station finish corresponding tracking and is rotated.According to the analysis of sun moving law, determine the rotational angle of mechanism, on the Northern Hemisphere angle, one day inner orientation in theory excursion be 0 °~210 °, can change its angle excursion according to different geographical position.According to the light application time of different regions, different on time set.Daytime, followed the tracks of in the power station, and night, solar power station quit work, and is back to the home position in east side every night.The present invention is according to celestial movement rule, set up precise math model and predict the position of the sun any time, any place, make solar components over against sunlight by control motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2 then, and carry out angle correct by angular transducer system 2.The present invention is controlled by astronomy, is not subjected to the influence of Changes in weather.
The present invention is simple in structure, according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculates azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun with the tracking system of astronomical algorithm, and tracking effect is good and be not subjected to weather effect, more effectively utilizes the energy of the sun.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 1, this embodiment by the following technical solutions: it is made up of computing system 1, angular transducer system 2 and control system 3, and computing system 1 is connected with angular transducer system 2, and angular transducer system 2 is connected with control system 3.
The astronomical algorithm of described computing system 1 according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculates declination angle, azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun.
Described angular transducer system 2 is made up of azimuth sensor 2-1, elevation sensor 2-2 and calculation element 2-3, and azimuth sensor 2-1 all is connected with calculation element 2-3 with elevation sensor 2-2.
Described control system 3 is made up of controller 3-1, motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2 and air velocity transducer 3-3, and controller 3-1 both sides all are connected with motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2, and air velocity transducer 3-3 is connected to controller 3-1.
This embodiment adopts astronomical algorithm, computing system 1 is according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculate azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun, and result of calculation is fed back to control system 3, control system 3 is utilized transmission mechanism to make solar power station finish corresponding tracking and is rotated.According to the analysis of sun moving law, determine the rotational angle of mechanism, on the Northern Hemisphere angle, one day inner orientation in theory excursion be 0 °~210 °, can change its angle excursion according to different geographical position.According to the light application time of different regions, different on time set.Daytime, followed the tracks of in the power station, and night, solar power station quit work, and is back to the home position in east side every night.This embodiment is according to celestial movement rule, set up precise math model and predict the position of the sun any time, any place, make solar components over against sunlight by control motor-driven drive mechanism 3-2 then, and carry out angle correct by angular transducer system 2.This embodiment is controlled by astronomy, is not subjected to the influence of Changes in weather.
This embodiment is simple in structure, according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculates azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun with the tracking system of astronomical algorithm, and tracking effect is good and be not subjected to weather effect, more effectively utilizes the energy of the sun.

Claims (4)

1. solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system, it is characterized in that it is made up of computing system (1), angular transducer system (2) and control system (3), computing system (1) is connected with angular transducer system (2), and angular transducer system (2) is connected with control system (3).
2. solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described computing system (1) uses astronomical algorithm, according to parameters such as the longitude and latitude of locality, times, calculates declination angle, azimuth, the elevation angle of the sun.
3. solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described angular transducer system (2) is made up of azimuth sensor (2-1), elevation sensor (2-2) and calculation element (2-3), azimuth sensor (2-1) all is connected with calculation element (2-3) with elevation sensor (2-2).
4. solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described control system (3) is made up of controller (3-1), motor-driven drive mechanism (3-2) and air velocity transducer (3-3), controller (3-1) both sides all are connected with motor-driven drive mechanism (3-2), and air velocity transducer (3-3) is connected to controller (3-1).
CN200910210031A 2009-11-03 2009-11-03 Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system Pending CN101764166A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910210031A CN101764166A (en) 2009-11-03 2009-11-03 Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910210031A CN101764166A (en) 2009-11-03 2009-11-03 Solar photovoltaic tracking astronomic control system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101764166A true CN101764166A (en) 2010-06-30

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101764166A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102096416A (en) * 2011-01-31 2011-06-15 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Control method of solar battery assembly
CN102117076A (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-07-06 北京天瑞星真空技术开发有限公司 Solar tracking device
CN102478855A (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-05-30 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Solar module array capable of keeping mechanical consistency
CN102566588A (en) * 2010-12-09 2012-07-11 西安中科麦特电子技术设备有限公司 Sun follow up device
CN102637043A (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-08-15 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Roof single-axis photovoltaic tracking system
CN102778894A (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-11-14 上海驭领机电科技有限公司 Control system and control method of solar cell module support
WO2013120242A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-22 无锡泰克塞斯新能源科技有限公司 Tracking type photovoltaic power generation system and implementing method thereof based on three-dimensional geomagnetic sensor
CN103543756A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 上海电气集团股份有限公司 Solar energy dual-axis tracking system
CN104579148A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 安科智慧城市技术(中国)有限公司 Solar energy absorption device and method
CN105183010A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 中信博新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Photovoltaic tracking method and system
CN105305946A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-03 郑州弘铭电子科技有限公司 Solar power generation
CN106325307A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 重庆三峡学院 Photovoltaic plate control system for automatically following sunlight
CN109240349A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-18 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of night playback photovoltaic tracing system

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102478855A (en) * 2010-11-26 2012-05-30 益科博能源科技(上海)有限公司 Solar module array capable of keeping mechanical consistency
CN102566588A (en) * 2010-12-09 2012-07-11 西安中科麦特电子技术设备有限公司 Sun follow up device
CN102096416A (en) * 2011-01-31 2011-06-15 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Control method of solar battery assembly
CN102117076A (en) * 2011-03-03 2011-07-06 北京天瑞星真空技术开发有限公司 Solar tracking device
CN102117076B (en) * 2011-03-03 2012-09-05 北京天瑞星光热技术有限公司 Solar tracking device
CN102778894B (en) * 2011-05-11 2015-03-11 上海时瑞能源科技有限公司 Control system and control method of solar cell module support
CN102778894A (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-11-14 上海驭领机电科技有限公司 Control system and control method of solar cell module support
WO2013120242A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-22 无锡泰克塞斯新能源科技有限公司 Tracking type photovoltaic power generation system and implementing method thereof based on three-dimensional geomagnetic sensor
CN102637043A (en) * 2012-04-20 2012-08-15 杭州帷盛太阳能科技有限公司 Roof single-axis photovoltaic tracking system
CN103543756A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-01-29 上海电气集团股份有限公司 Solar energy dual-axis tracking system
CN104579148A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-04-29 安科智慧城市技术(中国)有限公司 Solar energy absorption device and method
CN105183010A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-23 中信博新能源科技(苏州)有限公司 Photovoltaic tracking method and system
CN105305946A (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-02-03 郑州弘铭电子科技有限公司 Solar power generation
CN106325307A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-11 重庆三峡学院 Photovoltaic plate control system for automatically following sunlight
CN109240349A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-01-18 齐鲁工业大学 A kind of night playback photovoltaic tracing system

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20100630

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)