CN201724257U - Multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particle as fuel - Google Patents

Multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particle as fuel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201724257U
CN201724257U CN2010202885562U CN201020288556U CN201724257U CN 201724257 U CN201724257 U CN 201724257U CN 2010202885562 U CN2010202885562 U CN 2010202885562U CN 201020288556 U CN201020288556 U CN 201020288556U CN 201724257 U CN201724257 U CN 201724257U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
combustion
chamber
furnace
burning groove
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Application number
CN2010202885562U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱宏锋
王竹宏
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朱宏锋
王竹宏
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Application filed by 朱宏锋, 王竹宏 filed Critical 朱宏锋
Priority to CN2010202885562U priority Critical patent/CN201724257U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201724257U publication Critical patent/CN201724257U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particles as fuels, belonging to the technical field of furnace manufacture. The multifunctional combustion furnace structurally comprises a furnace body, a secondary air intake hearth arranged in the furnace body, a combustion chamber, a water tank, a flue, an ash hopper, an air supply mechanism, a spiral feeding mechanism and a hopper. The utility model is characterized in that a combustor is arranged below the hearth, the combustor consists of an orifice plate combustion recess, a primary air inlet duct which is arranged below the orifice plate combustion recess and a cooling chamber which is arranged at the fuel inlet end of the orifice plate combustion recess, and a secondary combustion chamber which is communicated with the flue and a baking oven are arranged in the furnace body. The utility model has the advantages that the situation of hearth blockage is effectively avoided, the feeding mechanism is prevented from being burned out, and the arrangement of the secondary combustion chamber and the baking oven not only realizes the utilization of the waste heat of the furnace but also expands the functions.

Description

A kind of is the multi-functional combustion stove of fuel with the biomass energy particle

Technical field

It is the combustion furnace of fuel with the biomass energy particle that the utility model relates to a kind of.Belong to stove and accessory manufacturing technology field.

Background technology

Having a kind of at present is the combustion furnace of fuel with these biomass energy particles such as wood substance grain, stalk particles, is made of body of heater, secondary air burner hearth, combustion chamber, water tank, smokejack, ash bucket and the wind pushing mechanism, screw feed mechanism and the hopper that are arranged in the body of heater.Wind pushing mechanism is blown at twice, and one time air outlet is positioned at the burner hearth below, and the secondary blast mouth is positioned at upper furnace, and the combustion chamber is located at the burner hearth top, water tank is located at combustion chamber and burner hearth periphery, smokejack one termination combustion chamber, and it is logical outdoor that the other end goes out body of heater.Granular fuel in the hopper is delivered to by screw feed mechanism on the grate of burner hearth bottom by the fire rod after-combustion of igniting.Burned flame enters the combustion chamber, when using for cooking also the water in the heating water tank for the heating use etc.The shortcoming of this combustion furnace is: 1), biomass energy particle can form the very strong black dirt of a kind of deadlocked power behind high-temp combustion, this black dirt be difficult to by under the grate in ash bucket, thereby very easily cause stifled thorax and stop working; 2), its screw feed mechanism directly joins with burner hearth, the high temperature of the burner hearth granular fuel in the feed mechanism that often ignites, the lighter makes the feed mechanism damage, weight person also can be fired to hopper; 3), only possess common steaming, stir-fry and heating function, function is more single.

The utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is the above-mentioned shortcoming that overcomes prior art, providing a kind of is the multi-functional combustion stove of fuel with the biomass energy particle, and the heat when stifled thorax phenomenon, burning can not take place this multi-functional combustion stove can not cause feed mechanism to damage yet and be multiple functional.

The purpose of this utility model realizes by following technological means:

A kind of is the multi-functional combustion stove of fuel with the biomass energy particle, comprise body of heater, be arranged on the secondary air burner hearth in the body of heater, the combustion chamber, water tank, smokejack, ash bucket and wind pushing mechanism, screw feed mechanism and hopper, wherein, the combustion chamber is located at the burner hearth top, smokejack connects the combustion chamber, water tank is located at the periphery, combustion chamber, ash bucket is arranged on the burner hearth below, the charging aperture and the hopper of screw feed mechanism join, feature one of the present utility model is provided with a burner below burner hearth, described burner is by the orifice-plate type burning groove, the cooling chamber that communicates with air inlet duct that is arranged on an air inlet duct of orifice-plate type burning groove below and is arranged on orifice-plate type burning groove fuel inlet end constitutes, the fuel inlet end that the discharge end of described screw feed mechanism passes cooling chamber and burning groove joins, the ash hole of burning groove is positioned at the top of ash bucket, the ajutage of wind pushing mechanism and the cooling chamber of burner join, the 2nd, in described body of heater, also be provided with secondary combustion chamber and baking box, the outer wall of baking box is provided with a heat energy chamber, and heat energy chamber and secondary combustion chamber communicate with the combustion chamber by smokejack.

Screw feed mechanism is delivered to the burning groove burning with granular fuel through cooling chamber during work, and the flame that burning forms enters the burner hearth of top, enters the combustion chamber and use for daily cooking after the secondary air overheavy firing; The flue gas that still has a large amount of heats that comes out from the combustion chamber enters into the heat energy chamber of secondary combustion chamber and baking box and then acts on baking box by smokejack, thereby plays the effect of cooking food; The flue gas heat that is incorporated into secondary combustion chamber can be used for heating the cooker of kettle and so on of cooking a meal.Also can barbecue rack be set in the secondary combustion chamber position, or secondary combustion chamber is designed to the form that sesame seed cake baking oven, capsule are cheated a class, formation such as can boil, can fry, can steam, can bake at the multi-functional combustion stove of diversification.An air intake part of wind pushing mechanism enters behind the air inlet duct of burning groove below hole by burning groove, and to blow to burning groove combustion-supporting; A part enters cooling chamber, works to stop the heat of burning groove, make particle in the feed mechanism unlikely fire burns, thereby guarantee that feed mechanism can not burn out.The particle that burning in the burning groove fires under the effect of particle waiting of being advanced by screw feed mechanism, while burn towards the ash hole motion of burning groove, drops to the ash bucket from ash hole at last.Whole combustion process is dynamic process, and the burning quality height is less scaling, also is easy to discharge to fall the ash bucket from ash hole go even if form black dirt.Thereby avoided stifled thorax, guaranteed the normal use of combustion furnace.

The utility model advantage compared with prior art is: by a burner is set, removed original grate between screw feed mechanism and burner hearth, adopted the combustion system of material pusher, avoided stifled thorax phenomenon effectively; The cooling chamber that is arranged between screw feed mechanism and the burning groove has guaranteed that feed mechanism can not burn out.The setting of secondary combustion chamber and baking box had both utilized the waste heat of stove, had expanded function again.

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described further.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model

Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1

Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 1

Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 1

Fig. 5 is the rearview of Fig. 1

Fig. 6 is an air channel structure schematic diagram of the present utility model

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of burner

Fig. 8 is the right view of Fig. 7

Fig. 9 is the vertical view of Fig. 7

Figure 10 is the A-A view of Fig. 9

The specific embodiment

Referring to Fig. 1~6, the formation of this multi-functional combustion stove comprises body of heater 1, be arranged on the secondary air burner hearth 2 in the body of heater 1, combustion chamber 3, water tank 4, smokejack 5, ash bucket 6, screw feed mechanism 8, hopper 9 and by blower motor 30, air-supply flabellum 31, separating chamber 32, an ajutage 27, the wind pushing mechanism that secondary blast pipe 28 and control valve 33 constitute, wherein, combustion chamber 3 is located at burner hearth 2 tops, smokejack 5 connects combustion chamber 3, water tank 4 is located at the periphery of combustion chamber and burner hearth, ash bucket 6 is arranged on the burner hearth below, the charging aperture of screw feed mechanism 8 and hopper 9 join, the water inlet 37 of said structure and water tank, delivery port 38 and steam pipe 40 are all continued to use the version of existing stove.One of feature of the present utility model is provided with a burner 10 below burner hearth 2, referring to Fig. 7~10, described burner 10 is made of orifice-plate type burning groove 11, the cooling chamber 13 that communicates with air inlet duct that is arranged on an air inlet duct 12 of orifice-plate type burning groove 11 belows and is arranged on orifice-plate type burning groove fuel inlet end, the fuel inlet end that the discharge end of described screw feed mechanism 8 passes cooling chamber 13 and burning groove 11 joins, the ash hole 14 of burning groove is positioned at the top of ash bucket 6, and an ajutage 27 of wind pushing mechanism joins with the cooling chamber 13 of burner.15 is the air inlet of the connection wind pushing mechanism of cooling chamber among the figure, and 16 for connecting gusset, and 17 is the air vent of orifice-plate type burning groove 11.18 is the fire rod mounting groove, also can not establish this fire rod mounting groove, directly fire rod is placed on the bottom of orifice-plate type burning groove 11.Granular fuel is advanced in the burning groove by screw feed mechanism during work, while the granular fuel that entered later of burning is pushing away the ash hole direction motion towards burning groove, drops to the ash bucket 6 from ash hole 14 at last.Enter into cooling chamber 13 and an air inlet duct 12 from an air intake of wind pushing mechanism from the air inlet 15 of cooling chamber, it is heat insulation that cooling chamber plays cooling, make particle in the feed mechanism unlikely fire burns, thereby guarantee that feed mechanism can not burn out.It is combustion-supporting that the air vent 17 that an air intake that enters into an air inlet duct 12 passes orifice-plate type burning groove 11 enters into burning groove 11.Enter into secondary air chamber 29 overheavy firings of burner hearth through secondary blast pipe 28 from the secondary air of wind pushing mechanism.Two of feature of the present utility model is also to be provided with secondary combustion chamber 20 and baking box 21 in described body of heater, and the outer wall of baking box is provided with a heat energy chamber 22, and heat energy chamber 22 and secondary combustion chamber 20 communicate with the combustion chamber by smokejack 5.Fume afterheat in the smokejack 5 is incorporated into secondary combustion chamber 20 and can be used for heating kettle 24 cookers such as grade of cooking a meal.Be incorporated into baking box heat energy chamber 22 and then act on baking box.26 are the cooking pot among the figure, and 25 is guide valve, can utilize this valve directly flue gas to be discharged into exhanst gas outlet without baking box the time.What provide among the figure is the form that secondary combustion chamber 20 and baking box 21 are serially connected with smokejack 5.Obviously, secondary combustion chamber 20 and baking box 21 can also be connected to smokejack 5.

Still can export 34 at smokejack and connect an air exhauster.This air exhauster can be provided with separately, also can show that connecing an air draft fan leaf 35 like that on blower motor 30 constitutes, and serves as flue outlet by the air outlet 36 of air draft fan leaf by image pattern.The benefit of doing like this is in the time only need being incubated, only need a spot of wind combustion-supporting, at this moment can utilize control valve 33 to close air-supply, only use exhausting, reach on the one hand and slow down burning velocity and avoid forming high temperature, can guarantee that on the other hand flue gas discharges smoothly and can not release from the slit of ash bucket and so on.

Claims (1)

1. one kind is the multi-functional combustion stove of fuel with the biomass energy particle, comprise body of heater, be arranged on secondary air burner hearth, combustion chamber, water tank, smokejack, ash bucket and wind pushing mechanism, screw feed mechanism and hopper in the body of heater, wherein, the combustion chamber is located at that burner hearth top, smokejack connect the combustion chamber, water tank is located at the periphery, combustion chamber, ash bucket is arranged on the burner hearth below, the charging aperture and the hopper of screw feed mechanism join, and it is characterized in that:
Below burner hearth, be provided with a burner, described burner is made of orifice-plate type burning groove, the cooling chamber that communicates with air inlet duct that is arranged on an air inlet duct of orifice-plate type burning groove below and is arranged on orifice-plate type burning groove fuel inlet end, the fuel inlet end that the discharge end of described screw feed mechanism passes cooling chamber and burning groove joins, the ash hole of burning groove is positioned at the top of ash bucket, the ajutage of wind pushing mechanism and the cooling chamber of burner join
Be provided with secondary combustion chamber and baking box in described body of heater, the outer wall of baking box is provided with a heat energy chamber, and heat energy chamber and secondary combustion chamber communicate with the combustion chamber by smokejack.
CN2010202885562U 2010-08-11 2010-08-11 Multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particle as fuel CN201724257U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202885562U CN201724257U (en) 2010-08-11 2010-08-11 Multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particle as fuel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202885562U CN201724257U (en) 2010-08-11 2010-08-11 Multifunctional combustion furnace using biomass energy particle as fuel

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201724257U true CN201724257U (en) 2011-01-26

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Country Link
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102829546A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-19 大连佳源新能源科技开发有限公司 Cooking and heating dual-purpose biomass automatic feeding intelligent boiler
CN103622568A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-12 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 Biomass oven
CN104697167A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 中山市炫丰节能设备有限公司 Multifunctional combustion system for biomass combustion
CN104697168A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 中山市炫丰节能设备有限公司 Multifunctional burner for biomass combustion
CN105455674A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-04-06 周秉寅 Energy-saving environment-friendly barbecue oven
CN105534331A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-04 周秉寅 Charbroiler fuel feeding mechanism

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102829546A (en) * 2012-08-23 2012-12-19 大连佳源新能源科技开发有限公司 Cooking and heating dual-purpose biomass automatic feeding intelligent boiler
CN103622568A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-12 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 Biomass oven
CN103622568B (en) * 2013-12-09 2017-11-07 迅达科技集团股份有限公司 A kind of biomass baking box
CN104697167A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 中山市炫丰节能设备有限公司 Multifunctional combustion system for biomass combustion
CN104697168A (en) * 2015-03-11 2015-06-10 中山市炫丰节能设备有限公司 Multifunctional burner for biomass combustion
CN105455674A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-04-06 周秉寅 Energy-saving environment-friendly barbecue oven
CN105534331A (en) * 2016-01-26 2016-05-04 周秉寅 Charbroiler fuel feeding mechanism

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110126

Termination date: 20120811

C17 Cessation of patent right