CN201925952U - High-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating - Google Patents

High-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201925952U
CN201925952U CN2010206472361U CN201020647236U CN201925952U CN 201925952 U CN201925952 U CN 201925952U CN 2010206472361 U CN2010206472361 U CN 2010206472361U CN 201020647236 U CN201020647236 U CN 201020647236U CN 201925952 U CN201925952 U CN 201925952U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
furnace
smoke
fire
combustion
cooking
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010206472361U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
焦延昌
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焦延昌
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Priority to CN2010206472361U priority Critical patent/CN201925952U/en
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Publication of CN201925952U publication Critical patent/CN201925952U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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Abstract

A high-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating comprises a furnace body, a furnace pipe, a furnace grate, a water drum and a feed inlet. A smoke and fire outlet is arranged on the rear side of the furnace pipe and connected with a smoke and fire passage which is further connected to a high-temperature combustion chamber. The high-temperature combustion chamber is provided with an upper fire concentrating port communicated with a combustion supporting chamber, a fire hole is arranged at the top of the combustion supporting chamber, and heat insulating layers are arranged on both sides and the bottom of the high-temperature combustion chamber. The high-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating has the advantages that the smoke and fire outlet arranged on the back side of the furnace pipe is connected with the smoke and fire passage and then connected to the high-temperature combustion chamber, combusted, semi-combusted and uncombusted carbon particle ash in a firebox is mixed with combustible mixed gases such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen, methane and the like which are generated due to oxygen deficit under high temperature in the firebox, are combusted intensively in the high-temperature combustion chamber, and then are sprayed out of the upper fire concentrating port, so that more sufficient and sharp combustion is realized under oxygen increasing effect of the combustion supporting chamber. Further, the fire hole at the top of the furnace can be used for boiling water and cooking, the jacket water drum supplies heat, a hot water tank supplies hot water, and accordingly the furnace is multifunctional, energy-saving and environment-friendly and high in thermal efficiency.

Description

A kind of efficient straw bituminous coal radiator of cooking a meal
Technical field:
The utility model relates to the radiator tool of cooking a meal, and mainly is meant the warm multipurpose furnace of cooking a meal of a kind of burning straw and bituminous coal.
Background technology:
Before the utility model, the radiator of cooking a meal has coal furnace, and the stalk gasifier of indirect burning is arranged.Existing many coal furnace burnings are insufficient, and the thermal efficiency is low, pollutes bigger.Existing stalk gasifier is serious because of producing tar pollution, and consistent being difficult to promotes.Yet there are no report and public not only directly burnt but also carried out indirect gasification burn, not only can burn coal but also can burn stalk or the high-efficiency multi-function of coal and the stalk multifuel combustion radiator of cooking a meal.
Summary of the invention:
The goal of the invention of the utility model is to provide a kind of efficient straw bituminous coal radiator of cooking a meal, and it not only can burn coal but also can burn stalk or coal and stalk multifuel combustion, cooks, heating, heat supply water multipurpose usefulness, and is energy-efficient.
Realize that foregoing invention purpose technical scheme is, a kind of efficient straw bituminous coal radiator of cooking a meal comprises under body of heater, its inner furnace, flue top fire door, flue bottom fire grate, the fire grate the first intermediate water bag between charge door, flue and furnace shell before grey slag bucket, the flue.The flue rear side has the pyrotechnics outlet and connects fireworks channel, and fireworks channel is connected high temperature combustors, and high temperature combustors has goes up poly-burner, upward gathers combustion-supporting chamber of burner UNICOM, and combustion-supporting chamber establishes at the top kitchen range mouth, and combustion-supporting chamber's one side UNICOM smokejack connects chimney.The high temperature combustors bottom is provided with heat-insulation layer.
Further embodiment is that it has boiler described bottom heat-insulation layer, the hateful heat-insulation layer of establishing of high temperature combustors two sides; The setting that is inclined upwardly of described fireworks channel; High temperature combustors one side is provided with smoke passing port UNICOM and crosses smoke-box, smoke passing port one side is provided with and turns the shape baffle plate, and poly-burner and smoke passing port in the linkage opening and closing are crossed the smoke-box top and established exhaust opening, but exhaust opening one side is provided with the baffle plate of opening and closing exhaust opening, exhaust opening UNICOM smokejack.Be provided with between combustion-supporting chamber and the smokejack and vertically hang fiery baffle plate.
Further preferred embodiment is, establishes the second intermediate water bag 4-1 between its outer and furnace shell of high temperature combustors two side heat-insulation layers, crosses smoke-box thereafter and establish the 3rd intermediate water bag 4-2 between furnace shell, first, second and the mutual UNICOM of the 3rd intermediate water bag.
The beneficial effect that the utility model produced is; the flue rear side has the pyrotechnics outlet and connects fireworks channel to the high temperature combustion chamber; in the pyrotechnics composition already, the carbon granules ash content of half combustion, possible trouble mixes mutually with combustion mixtures such as the carbon monoxide that produces in burner hearth internal cause high temperature anoxic, hydrogen, methane; mix the enhancing burning to the high temperature combustion chamber; by last poly-burner ejection; under combustion-supporting chamber's oxygenation effect, it is fully fierce that burning is strengthened more.To directly burn combines with the gasification indirect burning, and the sufficient combustion firepower is violent.This furnace roof portion fire door, kitchen range mouth are heated up water and are done the meal cooking, by water bag, boiler heating, heat supply water, multifunctional and multipurpose, energy-conserving and environment-protective, thermal efficiency height.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 the utility model aufbauprinciple schematic diagram
Accompanying drawing 2 the utility model front views
Accompanying drawing 3 the utility model A-A cutaway views
The specific embodiment:
Below, given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings a kind of specific embodiment is described further the structure of the utility model.
Shown in attached Fig. 1 and 2, this radiator of cooking a meal is by body of heater 1, its inner furnace 2, flue top fire door 8 and cover 9, under the flue bottom fire grate 7, fire grate before grey slag bucket 6, the flue all parts such as the first intermediate water bag 4 between charge door 5, flue 2 and furnace shell 1-1 constitute.Inventive point is: the flue rear side has pyrotechnics outlet 10-1 and connects fireworks channel 10, the fireworks channel setting that is inclined upwardly, fireworks channel is connected high temperature combustors 10-1 and connects fireworks channel 10, the fireworks channel setting that is inclined upwardly, fireworks channel is connected high temperature combustors 11, and high temperature combustors has goes up poly-burner 12, combustion-supporting chamber 13 on it of upward poly-burner UNICOM, combustion-supporting chamber establishes at the top kitchen range mouth 14 and covers 15, and combustion-supporting chamber's one side UNICOM smokejack 20 connects chimney 21.High temperature combustors 11 2 sides and bottom are provided with heat-insulation layer 24.It has boiler 25 the bottom heat-insulation layer.High temperature combustors 11 1 sides are provided with smoke passing port 17, and smoke-box 18 is crossed by smoke passing port UNICOM, and smoke passing port one side is provided with and turns shape baffle plate 16, and its flex point hinge is on axle I 26, and poly-burner 12 and smoke passing port 17 in the linkage opening and closing are by handle 27 operations.Cross the smoke-box top and establish exhaust opening 19 UNICOMs smokejack 20 on it, but exhaust opening one side is provided with the baffle plate 22 of opening and closing exhaust opening 19 and smokejack 20, hinge is on axle II28, by handle 29 operations.Be provided with between combustion-supporting chamber 13 and the smokejack 20 and vertically hang fiery baffle plate 23.It is provided with the second intermediate water bag 4-1 outward and between furnace shell high temperature combustors two side heat-insulation layers.Cross behind the smoke-box and be provided with the 3rd intermediate water bag 4-2 between furnace shell, first, second and the mutual UNICOM of the 3rd intermediate water bag.Establish for dim delivery port 30 on the first intermediate water bag, 4 tops, and the heating water return mouth is established in the bottom.Boiler 25 its tops set out the mouth of a river 32, and water inlet 33 is established in its underpart.
The course of work, reinforced from fire door 8 when lighting stove, reinforced by stokehold charge door 5 during normal combustion, fire door 8 is used in the steamed rice of heating up water.Use sthenic fire range mouth 14 during cooking; it produces the vigorous fire principle: the flue rear side has pyrotechnics outlet 10-1; connect fireworks channel 10 to high temperature combustion chamber 11; fireworks channel is inclined upwardly; pyrotechnics outlet 10-1 is located at position on the upper side, flue middle part; preferably be in reinforced top in the stove; its mouthful by feed in raw material and partly cover the position; thus mouth enter fireworks channel to the pyrotechnics composition of high temperature combustion chamber 11 for already; half combustion; the carbon granules ash content of possible trouble; and the carbon monoxide that produces in burner hearth Yin Gaowen anoxic; hydrogen; combustion mixtures such as methane; because of high temperature combustors 11 peripheral insulation layer parcel; the indoor temperature height; already; half combustion; the carbon granules ash content of possible trouble and combustion mixture are mixed into the high temperature combustors burning to be strengthened; and by last poly-burner 12 ejections, (combustion-supporting chamber can be because of each opening of periphery under combustion-supporting chamber's 13 oxygenation effects; the slit enters new wind, oxygen fully and locate high temperature); burning is further strengthened, by spraying vigorous fire on the kitchen range mouth 14.Need first turning handle 27 during cooking, will gather burner 12 and open, close smoke passing port 17, turning handle 29 makes baffle plate 22 close exhaust opening 19 simultaneously, opens smokejack 20, and gas fume after burning is discharged through chimney 21 by smokejack.The effect of hanging fiery baffle plate 23 is that flare is sling, and directly pounces on the bottom of a pan, and is unlikely to too much to be taken away by flue, can prevent down cigarette simultaneously.This ashes slag bucket 6 can play the air intake oxygenating effect of regulating simultaneously, changes intake in stove by drawing back grey slag bucket aperture size.During without the sthenic fire range mouth, rotate two handles, close poly-burner 12 and combustion-supporting chamber's discharge flue, open smoke passing port 17 and exhaust opening 19, also should close grey slag bucket air intake this moment, makes to be jealous of thorax and high temperature combustors burning to weaken.The flue gas of burning is via smoke passing port 17, smoke-box 18, exhaust opening 19, smokejack 20, chimney 21 discharges excessively.
This stove both can burn stalk, can burn coal again, and coal do not limit, and was particularly suitable for vast rural area and used.

Claims (3)

1. efficient straw bituminous coal radiator of cooking a meal, comprise body of heater (1), its inner furnace (2), flue top fire door (8), flue bottom fire grate (7), grey slag bucket (6) under the fire grate, charge door (5) before the flue, the first intermediate water bag (4) between flue and furnace shell (1-1), it is characterized in that, the flue rear side has pyrotechnics outlet (10-1) and connects fireworks channel (10), fireworks channel is connected high temperature combustors (11), high temperature combustors has goes up poly-burner (12), go up poly-combustion-supporting chamber of burner UNICOM (13), combustion-supporting chamber establishes at the top kitchen range mouth (14), and combustion-supporting chamber's one side UNICOM smokejack (20) connects chimney (21); The high temperature combustors bottom is provided with heat-insulation layer (24).
2. cook a meal to warm up according to the described a kind of efficient straw bituminous coal of claim 1 and be jealous of, it is characterized in that it has boiler (25) described heat-insulation layer (24), high temperature combustors two sides can be set up heat-insulation layer (24); Described fireworks channel (10) setting that is inclined upwardly; High temperature combustors one side is provided with smoke passing port (17) UNICOM and crosses smoke-box (18), smoke passing port one side is provided with and turns shape baffle plate (16), poly-burner (12) and smoke passing port (17) in the linkage opening and closing, cross smoke-box (18) top and establish exhaust opening (19), but exhaust opening one side is provided with the baffle plate (22) of opening and closing exhaust opening, exhaust opening UNICOM smokejack (20); Be provided with between combustion-supporting chamber (13) and the smokejack (20) and vertically hang fiery baffle plate (23).
3. according to claim 1 or the 2 described a kind of efficient straw bituminous coal radiator of cooking a meal, it is characterized in that, it establishes the second intermediate water bag (4-1) outward and between furnace shell high temperature combustors two side heat-insulation layers, cross smoke-box (18) thereafter and establish the 3rd intermediate water bag (4-2) between furnace shell, first, second and the mutual UNICOM of the 3rd intermediate water bag.
CN2010206472361U 2010-11-28 2010-11-28 High-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating Expired - Fee Related CN201925952U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206472361U CN201925952U (en) 2010-11-28 2010-11-28 High-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010206472361U CN201925952U (en) 2010-11-28 2010-11-28 High-efficiency straw and bituminous coal furnace for cooking and heating

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201925952U true CN201925952U (en) 2011-08-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103486622A (en) * 2012-06-12 2014-01-01 郭祖燕 Water tank type ecological energy-saving stove
CN106287823A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-04 浙江省林业科学研究院 A kind of Multi-purpose energy-saving pot and stove

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103486622A (en) * 2012-06-12 2014-01-01 郭祖燕 Water tank type ecological energy-saving stove
CN103486622B (en) * 2012-06-12 2015-12-16 郭祖燕 Water tank type ecological energy-saving stove
CN106287823A (en) * 2016-10-19 2017-01-04 浙江省林业科学研究院 A kind of Multi-purpose energy-saving pot and stove

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C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110810

Termination date: 20111128