CN201663900U - Walnut cleaning machine - Google Patents

Walnut cleaning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201663900U
CN201663900U CN2009202772951U CN200920277295U CN201663900U CN 201663900 U CN201663900 U CN 201663900U CN 2009202772951 U CN2009202772951 U CN 2009202772951U CN 200920277295 U CN200920277295 U CN 200920277295U CN 201663900 U CN201663900 U CN 201663900U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
conveying cylinder
gear
round brush
walnut
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009202772951U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史建新
宋玲
Original Assignee
新疆农业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 新疆农业大学 filed Critical 新疆农业大学
Priority to CN2009202772951U priority Critical patent/CN201663900U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201663900U publication Critical patent/CN201663900U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a walnut cleaning machine which belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery and comprises a machine frame, cleaning roller brushes, a cleaning tank body, a gearbox, a feeding bucket, conveying rollers, a speed reducer and a filtration water inlet system. A feeding device is fixedly combined on the machine frame, spiral plates are distributed on the conveying rollers, 5 to 16 groups of cleaning roller brushes are uniformly distributed along the circumferential directions of the conveying rollers, outer circles of the cleaning roller brushes and the conveying rollers are tangential to each other, and the moving direction of each cleaning roller brush at the tangential point position is opposite to that of each conveying roller. A cleaning device composed by the conveying rollers and the cleaning roller brushes is located in the cleaning tank body. The filtration water inlet system is composed of a water inlet pipe fixing rack, a water inlet pipe, a water-impurity outlet, a water tank, a filtering net, a hydraulic pump and a motor. When walnuts enter a spiral cavity formed by the conveying rollers and the cleaning roller brushes from the feeding device, the conveying rollers rotate at low speed, and the walnuts are conveyed along a spiral groove; particularly, the walnuts are brushed and conveyed under the joint action of the cleaning roller brushes and the conveying rollers.

Description

A kind of walnut cleaning machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of walnut cleaning machine, especially relates to a kind of machinery that walnut cleans that is applied to, and belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
Existing walnut cleaning method has several like this: 1. manual ablution; 2. machine stirring and washing method etc.First method is cleaned walnut with hand, and not only work efficiency is low, and labour intensity is big, and adversary and skin have than major injury.Second method, water consumption is big, and wash degree is not high.
The domestic walnut cleaning device of having researched and developed has: the 6BXH-800 type green peel of walnut that Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences agricultural research is developed is peeled off, cleaning machine, this device is by the rotation grid roller, notch board brush and cleaning part are formed, cylinder is supported by support roller, can be around its central axis rotation, and the notch board brush is fixed in the grid roller, cleaning part is 4 shower nozzles, this device technique complexity, volume is bigger, the cost height.
The patent No. is 200820076445.8 walnut cleaning machine, and this machine is made up of storage tank, conveyer belt, spray water with high pressure head, buffer bin, gearbox and power etc.The short thorn of stainless steel that has 0.3~0.5mm on its stainless steel conveyer belt when being cleaned walnut and on conveyer belt relative motion being arranged, relies on the short thorn of stainless steel on the conveyer belt to remove the dirt that is cleaned on the walnut.The patent No. is 200820103422.1 walnut cleaning machine, and this machine is made up of casing, brush roll assembly, sparge pipe, transmission system and power etc.Its brush roll assembly constitutes U type space in casing, the walnut when the brush roll assembly rotates in case is by the hairbrush outwash on the brush roll.
The patent No. is that 200820076445.8 walnut cleaning machine is not with the cleaning of walnut when operation mandatory, and therefore, the wash degree of this cleaning method is not high.The patent No. is that 200820103422.1 walnut cleaning machine can not be worked continuously, and the wash degree of walnut is limited by operating personnel's experience.
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art part, the utility model provide a kind of simple in structure, cleaning efficiency is high, easy to operate, can realize walnut cleaned and carry out the device that mechanization is cleaned.
The utility model is for reaching above purpose, be achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of novel walnut cleaning machine is provided, comprises frame, conveying cylinder axle, bearing flange, cleaning roller brush shaft, clean round brush, clean casing, gear-box, gear-box cover plate, feeding hopper, conveying cylinder, sleeve, decelerator and filtered water inlet system; Feeding hopper and sleeve constitute drawing-in device, and drawing-in device is cemented on the frame by flange and support; Conveying cylinder is supported on the frame by rolling bearing units, and the conveying cylinder axle is driven by the transmission of decelerator band by motor; Clean round brush and divide 5~16 groups evenly to arrange, clean round brush by cleaning roller brush shaft by bearing flange, gear-box, gear-box cover plate and frame and muff coupling along the conveying cylinder circumference, clean round brush by motor by band transmission and gear-box driving; The cylindrical of cleaning round brush and the cylindrical of conveying cylinder are tangent, and the direction of motion of cleaning round brush at the place, point of contact is opposite with conveying cylinder; The cleaning device that conveying cylinder and cleaning round brush constitute is in and cleans in the casing; The filtered water inlet system is made up of water pipe fixed mount, water inlet pipe, water and seven parts such as impurity outlet, water tank, screen pack, hydraulic pump and motor; Water inlet pipe is arranged along cleaning round brush above cleaning device.
A kind of design as walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model: conveying cylinder is divided into two parts, a part of corresponding feeding hopper, the corresponding round brush that cleans of another part.
A kind of design as walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model: the conveying cylinder outside diameter is 150mm~800mm, fixed spiral plate on the conveying cylinder circumference.
A kind of design as walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model: fixed spiral plate exceeds conveying cylinder inner periphery 20mm~40mm on the conveying cylinder.
A kind of design as walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model: gear-box is made up of with the change gear of counting on the same group mutually 5~16 groups of round brush gears, and gear-box connects with sleeve by the gear-box cover plate.
A kind of design as walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model: screen pack is positioned at water tank and is in water and the below of impurity outlet.
Walnut cleaning machine of the present invention, except power section, running part and feeding part that common mechanical possessed, there are cleaning device and gear-box in core of the present invention.Cleaning device comprises cleaning round brush and conveying cylinder and is in the cleaning casing.This device course of work is as follows: when the walnut material enters the spiraled cavity of being made up of conveying cylinder and cleaning round brush by drawing-in device, the conveying cylinder low speed rotation, walnut is carried along helicla flute, clean the equidirectional high speed rotation of round brush and conveying cylinder and scrub the walnut that is transferred, enter the plate that connects material up to walnut.Gear-box cleans the round brush gear by 5~16 groups to be formed with the change gear of counting on the same group mutually, and the effect of gear-box is to make to clean round brush by same direction of rotation.
Walnut cleaning machine of the present utility model, frame for movement is simple, and whole cost is low, and high efficiency is easy to operate, saves manpower and time, and has improved walnut presentation quality and interior quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the utility model cleaning device structural representation.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of gear-box.
The specific embodiment
With reference to above-mentioned accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated.Fig. 1 has provided a kind of walnut cleaning machine, this machine including rack 1, conveying cylinder axle 2, bearing flange 3, cleaning roller brush shaft 4, cleaning round brush 5, cleaning casing 6, gear-box 9, gear-box cover plate 10, feeding hopper 11, conveying cylinder 13, sleeve 14, decelerator 17 and filtered water inlet system.Cleaning device is established in frame 1 top, and drawing-in device is established in cleaning device left side, cleaning device and drawing-in device by bearing block and stent support on frame 1; The gear-box 9 of transmission system and is connected with sleeve 14 by gear-box cover plate 10 between drawing-in device and cleaning device; Cleaning casing 6 tops establishes water pipe fixed mount 7, lower left quarter and establishes water and impurity outlet 18 and right lower quadrant and establish the plate 24 that connects material, screen pack 21 and be positioned at water tank 20 and be in water and impurity exports 18 below.Fig. 2 has provided the cleaning device structural representation, cleaning device is made of cleaning round brush 5 and conveying cylinder 13 and is in the cleaning casing 6, be furnished with spiral plate 12 on conveying cylinder 13 circumference, cleaning 5~16 groups of round brush 5 minutes evenly arranges along conveying cylinder 13 circumference, 5~16 groups are cleaned round brush 5 and connect with frame 1 and sleeve 14 by bearing flange 3, gear-box 9, gear-box cover plate 10 by counting cleaning roller brush shaft 4 mutually on the same group, the cylindrical of cleaning round brush 5 and the cylindrical of conveying cylinder 13 are tangent, and the direction of motion of cleaning round brush 5 at the place, point of contact is opposite with conveying cylinder 13.Fig. 3 has provided the structure of the gear-box of transmission system, and gear-box is made up of with the change gear of counting on the same group mutually 26 5~16 groups of round brush gears 25, and gear-box 9 connects with sleeve 14 by gear-box cover plate 10.
The course of work of the present utility model and principle are as follows:
Walnut cleaning machine motor 19 when work drives conveying cylinder 13 rotations by decelerator 17 and band transmission 15, and motor 19 drives by band transmission 16 and gear-box 9 and cleans round brush 5 and conveying cylinder 13 equidirectional rotations simultaneously.When the walnut material enters the spiraled cavity of being made up of conveying cylinder 13 and cleaning round brush 5 by drawing-in device, hydraulic pump 22 is driven by motor 23 clear water is entered cleaning area by water pipe 8, conveying cylinder 13 low speed rotation, walnut is carried along helicla flute, under cleaning round brush 5 and conveying cylinder 13 actings in conjunction, scrub and carry walnut, enter the plate 24 that connects material up to walnut.For making all be cleaned walnut the chance of being scrubbed is arranged all, fixed spiral plate 12 exceeds conveying cylinder 13 inner periphery 20mm~40mm on the conveying cylinder 13, to guarantee that conveying cylinder 13 has only one deck walnut.Walnut is pressed the helical trajectory motion in cleaning machine under conveying cylinder 13 and 5 actings in conjunction of cleaning round brush, because clean the direction of motion of round brush 5 at the place, point of contact opposite with conveying cylinder 13, so the chance of being scrubbed is arranged around the walnut rotation under their effect, each walnut.Impurity after the cleaning and addle are filtered through screen pack 21 by the screen pack 21 that water and impurity outlet 18 flow in the water tank 20, and water can be reused.
At last, it is also to be noted that what more than enumerate only is a specific embodiment of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged, and protection domain of the present utility model is all thought in all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. walnut cleaning machine is characterized in that: this machine comprises frame (1), conveying cylinder axle (2), bearing flange (3), cleans roller brush shaft (4), cleans round brush (5), cleans casing (6), gear-box (9), gear-box cover plate (10), feeding hopper (11), conveying cylinder (13), sleeve (14), decelerator (17) and filtered water inlet system; Described feeding hopper (11) and sleeve (14) constitute drawing-in device, and drawing-in device is cemented on the frame (1) by flange and support; Described conveying cylinder (13) is supported on the frame (1) by rolling bearing units, and conveying cylinder axle (2) is driven by decelerator (17) and band transmission (15) by motor (19); Described cleaning round brush (5) divides 5~16 groups evenly to arrange along conveying cylinder (13) circumference, clean round brush (5) and connect with frame (1) and sleeve (14) by bearing flange (3), gear-box (9), gear-box cover plate (10), clean round brush (5) and drive by band transmission (16) and gear-box (9) by motor (19) by cleaning roller brush shaft (4); The cylindrical of the cylindrical of described cleaning round brush (5) and conveying cylinder (13) is tangent, and the direction of motion of cleaning round brush (5) at the place, point of contact is opposite with conveying cylinder (13); The cleaning device that described conveying cylinder (13) and cleaning round brush (5) constitute is in and cleans in the casing (6); Described filtered water inlet system is made up of water pipe fixed mount (7), water inlet pipe (8), water and impurity outlet (18), water tank (20), screen pack (21), hydraulic pump (22) and motor seven parts such as (23); Described water inlet pipe (8) is arranged along cleaning round brush (5) above cleaning device.
2. walnut cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described conveying cylinder (13) is divided into two parts, a part of corresponding feeding hopper (11), the corresponding round brush (5) that cleans of another part.
3. walnut cleaning machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described conveying cylinder (13) outside diameter is 150mm~800mm, fixed spiral plate (12) on conveying cylinder (13) circumference.
4. walnut cleaning machine according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described conveying cylinder (13) is gone up fixed spiral plate (12) and is exceeded conveying cylinder (13) inner periphery 20mm~40mm.
5. walnut cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described gear-box (9) is made up of with the change gear of counting on the same group mutually (26) 5~16 groups of round brush gears (25), and gear-box (9) connects with sleeve (14) by gear-box cover plate (10).
6. walnut cleaning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described screen pack (21) is positioned at water tank (20) and is in water and the below of impurity outlet (18).
CN2009202772951U 2009-12-21 2009-12-21 Walnut cleaning machine CN201663900U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202772951U CN201663900U (en) 2009-12-21 2009-12-21 Walnut cleaning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202772951U CN201663900U (en) 2009-12-21 2009-12-21 Walnut cleaning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201663900U true CN201663900U (en) 2010-12-08

Family

ID=43264851

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202772951U CN201663900U (en) 2009-12-21 2009-12-21 Walnut cleaning machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201663900U (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102334737A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-02-01 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Continuous walnut green husk removing cleaning machine
CN102423102A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-04-25 云南广泰生物科技开发有限公司 Continuous operation type soaking device before peeling of plant nuts
CN102754898A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-10-31 屯留县宋庄通贸农机修造厂 Cleaning device for green walnut peeling machine
CN104839867A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-19 绍兴文理学院 Spiral brush roller type Chinese torreya cleaning machine
CN104905389A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-16 宣威市爱心相伴食品有限公司 Potato spray cleaning machine
CN105149248A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-16 合肥安晶龙电子股份有限公司 Color sorter background roller cleaning device
CN106307571A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-11 阿克苏市开元农机有限公司 Walnut cleaning machine
CN106562447A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-04-19 成都市红鑫科技有限公司 Energy-saving closed cleaning machine

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102334737A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-02-01 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Continuous walnut green husk removing cleaning machine
CN102423102A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-04-25 云南广泰生物科技开发有限公司 Continuous operation type soaking device before peeling of plant nuts
CN102754898A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-10-31 屯留县宋庄通贸农机修造厂 Cleaning device for green walnut peeling machine
CN104839867A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-08-19 绍兴文理学院 Spiral brush roller type Chinese torreya cleaning machine
CN104905389A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-09-16 宣威市爱心相伴食品有限公司 Potato spray cleaning machine
CN105149248A (en) * 2015-09-08 2015-12-16 合肥安晶龙电子股份有限公司 Color sorter background roller cleaning device
CN106307571A (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-01-11 阿克苏市开元农机有限公司 Walnut cleaning machine
CN106307571B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-03-30 阿克苏市开元农机有限公司 Walnut cleaner
CN106562447A (en) * 2016-10-31 2017-04-19 成都市红鑫科技有限公司 Energy-saving closed cleaning machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101208

Termination date: 20111221