CN201605795U - Building formwork - Google Patents

Building formwork Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201605795U
CN201605795U CN2010200412136U CN201020041213U CN201605795U CN 201605795 U CN201605795 U CN 201605795U CN 2010200412136 U CN2010200412136 U CN 2010200412136U CN 201020041213 U CN201020041213 U CN 201020041213U CN 201605795 U CN201605795 U CN 201605795U
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China
Prior art keywords
wooden
working panel
bar
frame
wood
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2010200412136U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张恒亮
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2010200412136U priority Critical patent/CN201605795U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a building formwork, which contains an approximately rectangular or square working panel (1), and a wood frame (2) fixed on the back of the working panel (1). A certain quantity of bar-shaped transverse wood keels (3) and bar-shaped vertical wood keels (4) parallel to the transverse and vertical sides of the wood frame (2) are fixed in the wood frame (2). The intersection between the bar-shaped transverse wood keels (3) and the bar-shaped vertical wood keels (4) is respectively opened with slots which match with each other upwards or downwards. The bar-shaped transverse wood keels (3), the bar-shaped vertical wood keels (4) and the wood frame (2) are fixedly connected with the working panel (1) by pins or screws or adhesive. The building formwork has the advantages of simple structure, good strength, low production cost, light integral weight, convenient disassembly and assembly, non-required mould release agent, and good environmental protection, which is suitable for concrete pouring construction in various areas and has good application prospect and promotion value.

Description

A kind of construction formwork
One, technical field:
The utility model relates to the realm of building construction, particularly a kind of construction formwork.
Two, background technology:
Construction formwork is the important tool of concrete structure building operations, and along with the development of highrise building, the cast-in-place concrete structure engineering quantity is increasing, and form work engineering design and construction technology level are constantly perfect, and description increases sharply.Principal item has wooden form, plywood form, steel form, plastic formwork and composite construction template etc. in the domestic construction template market at present, and the wooden form recycling rate of waterused is low, and loss is big, and for saving timber, that uses in the construction is fewer and feweri; The steel form breadth is little, the construction technology complexity, and own wt is big, and the maintenance cost height uses the release agent contaminated environment; Plywood form is the highest construction formwork of current occupation rate of market, and its surfacing is smooth, the demoulding easily, abrasion resistance is strong, good waterproof performance, strength and stiffness are better, and material is light, suitable large area concrete is built, but complex manufacturing is used adhesive in a large number, and the feature of environmental protection is poor, come unglued easily, reusability is bad; Plastics class template complex structure, the production use cost is higher because the defective of material self rigidity, impact resistance, anti-aging aspect, can't compare with other mould materials always, application is slow.The patent No. is that the utility model patent of ZL200520010149.4 proposes a kind of combination wooden frame complex architectural template, comprise panel, wooden frame, be stained with wooden frame on panel one end face, adherent layer is arranged on the other end, left and right two end devices of panel have the reinforcement metal batten, and the top end face has band tenon sealing mat, below end face that the trough of belt sealing mat is arranged.This utility model is in light weight, and dismounting is convenient, but complex structure, cost of production height, breadth are not suitable for large-area concrete construction for a short time.Application number is that 88214978.4 utility model patent discloses the grid type construction formwork that a kind of nonmetals are made, the rib at the back side of template is divided into main rib, inferior rib and limit rib and constitutes grid, and has certain profile physical dimension, this utility model good rigidity, not yielding, durable in use, but processing complexity, implementation cost height, template are from great, and template breakage occurs and can't repair.The patent No. is that 200820114724.9 utility model patent proposes a kind of construction formwork, this template comprises panel and reinforcing rib, panel four side welds are connected to frame, rims upside is strengthened flanging along invagination one, be provided with the long limit of some and frame minor face distribute parallel setting muscle and horizontal stud in the frame, have on the setting muscle and the vertical slot in long limit, have corresponding slot on the horizontal stud, erect and weld after muscle and horizontal stud plug together.This utility model bulk strength height can be made the large format template, but template increases difficulty of construction from great, and main body adopts steel template structure, the maintenance cost height, and the demoulding need use the release agent environmental-protecting performance poor, and processing is time-consuming takes a lot of work.
Three, summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: solve the prior art deficiency, propose a kind of simple in structurely, intensity is good, and the production use cost is low, the fast assembling and disassembling environmental protection, and long service life is suitable for the construction formwork of various area concrete constructions.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of construction formwork, contain approximate rectangular, or square working panel, with the wooden frame that is fixed on the working panel back side, be fixed with some and wooden frame horizontal edge, parallel horizontal wooden keel of strip and the vertical wooden keel of strip of vertical edge distribution in the described wooden frame, described horizontal wooden keel and described vertical wooden keel intersection have up or down the slot of coupling mutually.
Wherein, described horizontal wooden keel, described vertical wooden keel and described wooden frame are by wire nail, or screw, or adhesive and working panel are connected and fixed.
Wherein, described horizontal wooden keel, described vertical wooden keel and described wooden frame upper surface are fixed with flat steel bar.
Wherein, described working panel is dull and stereotyped, or has the sheet material of some grooves for the back side.
Wherein, described working panel is a plastic plate, or is glass epoxy.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model is simple in structure, intensity is good, comprise panel and the wooden grid framework reinforcement that is fixed on back side of panel, both are by wire nail or screw, or the adhesive connection that is adhesively fixed, the reinforcement at the back side adopts the rough ground grid frame structure, improves the bulk strength of template, and the keel upper surface is fixed with the rigidity that flat steel bar has further improved template.The production use cost is low, and panel of the present utility model adopts plastics or glass-reinforced plastic material, the rough ground frame construction, and the production technology maturation, with low cost, primary structure can be implemented to finish by general workman in the construction site, has further reduced use cost; Special damaged when the template appearance, carry out sectional repair and just can reuse, convenient and swift, maintenance cost is few.The utility model adopts plastics or glass reinforced plastic panel, and the smooth smooth anti-adhesion performance of work plane is good, wooden grid framework, and overall weight is light, and is convenient to disassembly, increases work efficiency; When the template demoulding, need not to use release agent especially, environmental protection does not pollute the environment.Back side of panel is provided with groove, alleviates panel weight, reduces the cost of manufacture of panel, has increased the air permeability of wooden frame and panel contact surface simultaneously, prevents the rotten erosion of wooden keel, improves the application life of template.Structural stability of the present utility model is good, can make the template of various sizes, is suitable for the concrete pouring construction of various areas.The utility model can also be applied to other field, as can be used as the brick plate use, has a good application prospect and promotional value.
Four, description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of facing of the utility model construction formwork;
Fig. 2 is the A-A cross-sectional view of the utility model construction formwork;
Fig. 3 is the horizontal wooden keel and the local schematic perspective view that amplifies of vertical wooden keel intersection of the utility model construction formwork;
Fig. 4 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagrames of two sections of the utility model construction formwork.
Five, the specific embodiment:
Embodiment one: referring to Fig. 1~Fig. 3, and among the figure, 1-working panel, the wooden frame of 2-, the horizontal wooden keel of 3-, the vertical wooden keel of 4-, 5-wire nail.
A kind of construction formwork, as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 3, contain approximate rectangular working panel 1, with the wooden frame 2 that is fixed on working panel 1 back side, be fixed with some and wooden frame 2 horizontal edges, parallel horizontal wooden keel 3 of strip and the vertical wooden keel 4 of strip of vertical edge distribution in the described wooden frame 2, described horizontal wooden keel 3 and described vertical wooden keel 4 intersections have up or down the slot of coupling mutually.
Wherein, described horizontal wooden keel 3, described vertical wooden keel 4 and described wooden frame 2 are connected and fixed by wire nail 5 and working panel 1.
Wherein, described working panel 1 is dull and stereotyped.
Wherein, described working panel 1 is a plastic plate.
The construction formwork of present embodiment, working panel 1 adopts the PVC plastic plate, thickness is 5mm, specification is the flat board of 1m * 2m, wooden frame 2 adopts the rough ground of 2cm * 3cm to make, fix 3 horizontal wooden keel and 7 vertical wooden keel in the wooden frame 2, specification is the rough ground of 2cm * 3cm, horizontal wooden keel 3 and vertical rough ground 4 intersections, as shown in Figure 3, laterally rough ground 3 upwards has slot, vertical rough ground 4 has slot downwards, and both cooperatively interact by slot, and the degree of depth is 1.5cm, wooden frame and horizontal rough ground, vertical rough ground constitutes wooden grid framework, is fixedly connected on the working panel 1 by wire nail 5.Adopt the PVC plastic plate panel of working, be of close texture, corrosion-resistant, surfacing is smooth, and the demoulding is efficient and convenient, does not need release agent, and the feature of environmental protection is good, concreting engineering smooth in appearance, attractive in appearance; The back side of PVC plastic plate is the rough ground grid framework fixedly, can improve the rigidity of plastic front board, can make the template of all size as required, and damaged if panel occurs, the plastic plate local replacing is repaired convenient; The rough ground grid framework supports stressed even, and easy accessibility in light weight is processed simple and convenient; Use fixedly connected working panel of wire nail and rough ground grid framework, general workman all can process, and just can implement in the building site, can reduce use cost greatly.
In reality is implemented, at first determine template specification according to construction requirement, determine the PVC plastic plate by specification; Then according to specifications design rough ground grid frame structure, determine the quantity of horizontal rough ground and vertical rough ground, in intersection location, the routing fluting, make frame again, with wire nail or screw or gluing way, horizontal rough ground two ends are fixed on two minor faces of frame, get vertical rough ground again, slot cooperates with horizontal rough ground slot, with wire nail or screw vertical rough ground two ends are fixed on two long limits of frame, finish the making of rough ground grid framework, also can make oblique crossing grid to the rough ground grid sometimes in the actual fabrication; Then according to the contact surface of rough ground grid framework and plastic front board, determine corresponding frame, laterally rough ground and the vertically position punching of rough ground intersection on plastic front board, the aperture is less than the diameter of wire nail or screw ailhead; At last plastic plate and rough ground grid framework are placed by design attitude, wire nail is hammered into rough ground one by one from the aperture on the plastic plate, generally select oval nail in the actual fabrication for use, the nail point penetrates rough ground, beats with the tup side, to follow closely nose part bends, embed in the rough ground, guarantee that like this panel is stable, closely be fixed on the rough ground framework, improve the integral rigidity of template, also can or gluing panel be fixed on the rough ground grid framework, finally finish the making of template with screw.Concrete using method and other templates are basic identical, no longer narration.Occur using cutting tool along rough ground direction excision damaged portion when damaged in template, cut out the plate shape of repairing usefulness by identical shaped from intact plastic plate, the otch on the alignment template mends, and on rough ground, finishes repairing with wire nail or screw.
Embodiment two: basic identical with embodiment one structure, something in common no longer repeats, and difference is that described horizontal wooden keel 3, described vertical wooden keel 4 and described wooden frame 2 upper surfaces are fixed with flat steel bar, and described working panel 1 is a glass epoxy.Description of drawings no longer.
Embodiment three: as shown in Figure 4, number identically with embodiment one, something in common no longer repeats, and difference whenever is separated by at described working panel 1 back side, and to have width be the groove 6 of 1.5mm for the 4mm degree of depth to 3mm.
The above, it only is the utility model preferred embodiment, be not that the utility model is done any pro forma restriction, every foundation technical spirit of the present utility model all still belongs in the scope of technical solutions of the utility model any simple modification, equivalent variations and modification that above embodiment did.

Claims (5)

1. construction formwork, contain approximate rectangular, or square working panel (1), with the wooden frame (2) that is fixed on working panel (1) back side, it is characterized in that: be fixed with some and wooden frame (2) horizontal edge, parallel horizontal wooden keel of strip (3) and the vertical wooden keel of strip (4) of vertical edge distribution in the described wooden frame (2), described horizontal wooden keel (3) and described vertical wooden keel (4) intersection have up or down the slot of coupling mutually.
2. construction formwork according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described horizontal wooden keel (3), described vertical wooden keel (4) and described wooden frame (2) are by wire nail, or screw, or adhesive and working panel (1) are connected and fixed.
3. construction formwork according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described horizontal wooden keel (3), described vertical wooden keel (4) and described wooden frame (2) upper surface are fixed with flat steel bar.
4. according to the described construction formwork of arbitrary claim in the claim 1~3, it is characterized in that: described working panel (1) is flat board, or has the sheet material of some grooves for the back side.
5. construction formwork according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described working panel (1) is a plastic plate, or is glass epoxy.
CN2010200412136U 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Building formwork Expired - Fee Related CN201605795U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010200412136U CN201605795U (en) 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Building formwork

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010200412136U CN201605795U (en) 2010-01-18 2010-01-18 Building formwork

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CN201605795U true CN201605795U (en) 2010-10-13

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505838A (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-06-20 广州市建筑置业有限公司 Method for constructing multifunctional mass concrete framework
CN102605945A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-07-25 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Big wood formwork and manufacturing method
CN103132688A (en) * 2011-11-24 2013-06-05 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Composite sizing steel frame large panel framework
CN103225394A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-07-31 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Big wood template construction method of indoor constructional engineering shear wall
CN103822059A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 上海浦核科技有限公司 Keel frame and keel frame assembly thereof
CN105442747A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-03-30 北京建筑大学 Floor slab made from FRP panels and aluminum alloy keels
CN105881714A (en) * 2015-01-26 2016-08-24 任丘市永基建筑安装工程有限公司 Box-type concrete composite mold surface layer leveling technology
CN111247298A (en) * 2017-10-02 2020-06-05 李光富 Frame pipe recombination cover plate of cast-in-situ wall core building block mould
CN113958342A (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-01-21 中铁十四局集团建筑工程有限公司 Secondary lining formwork support for side wall of highway tunnel, structure and using method

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102505838A (en) * 2011-10-26 2012-06-20 广州市建筑置业有限公司 Method for constructing multifunctional mass concrete framework
CN102505838B (en) * 2011-10-26 2014-06-04 广州市建筑置业有限公司 Method for constructing multifunctional mass concrete framework
CN103132688A (en) * 2011-11-24 2013-06-05 上海建工五建集团有限公司 Composite sizing steel frame large panel framework
CN103132688B (en) * 2011-11-24 2015-08-12 上海建工五建集团有限公司 A kind of composite setting steel framework large form
CN102605945B (en) * 2012-04-06 2014-11-26 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing method of big wood formwork
CN102605945A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-07-25 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Big wood formwork and manufacturing method
CN103225394A (en) * 2013-05-06 2013-07-31 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Big wood template construction method of indoor constructional engineering shear wall
CN103225394B (en) * 2013-05-06 2015-04-08 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Big wood template construction method of indoor constructional engineering shear wall
CN103822059A (en) * 2014-02-27 2014-05-28 上海浦核科技有限公司 Keel frame and keel frame assembly thereof
CN103822059B (en) * 2014-02-27 2016-03-09 上海浦核科技有限公司 Keel shoe and keel shoe assemblying body thereof
CN105881714A (en) * 2015-01-26 2016-08-24 任丘市永基建筑安装工程有限公司 Box-type concrete composite mold surface layer leveling technology
CN105442747A (en) * 2015-11-19 2016-03-30 北京建筑大学 Floor slab made from FRP panels and aluminum alloy keels
CN111247298A (en) * 2017-10-02 2020-06-05 李光富 Frame pipe recombination cover plate of cast-in-situ wall core building block mould
CN111247298B (en) * 2017-10-02 2021-07-23 李光富 Frame pipe recombination cover plate of cast-in-situ wall core building block mould
CN113958342A (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-01-21 中铁十四局集团建筑工程有限公司 Secondary lining formwork support for side wall of highway tunnel, structure and using method

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Legal Events

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20101013

Termination date: 20130118

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee