CN201518466U - Automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus - Google Patents

Automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201518466U
CN201518466U CN2009202428456U CN200920242845U CN201518466U CN 201518466 U CN201518466 U CN 201518466U CN 2009202428456 U CN2009202428456 U CN 2009202428456U CN 200920242845 U CN200920242845 U CN 200920242845U CN 201518466 U CN201518466 U CN 201518466U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
automatic tracking
pipe
snoot
power generation
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009202428456U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵媛媛
曾葆青
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University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
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University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by University of Electronic Science and Technology of China filed Critical University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
Priority to CN2009202428456U priority Critical patent/CN201518466U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201518466U publication Critical patent/CN201518466U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The present utility model pertains to an automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus comprising a light gathering cover and an automatic tracking system which comprises a light-sensitive tracker, a mechanical transmission mechanism, a drive motor and a storage battery, a temperature difference generator and a support lever, a water storage tank and a support, a water-pipe system comprising an inlet pipe, an outlet pipe and a circulating pipe, valves on the circulating water inlet and outlet pipes, and an electric water pump positioned on the circulating water outlet pipe. According to the utility model, because of providing an automatic tracking system of light irradiation, the focal point of reflected lights is always on the light receiving surface of the temperature difference generator, and thus, utilization ratio and thermal efficiency of solar energy are improved by more than 60%, because valves and electric water pumps are positioned on the circulating water inlet and outlet pipes, water pipes can be prevented from bursting by freezing and the temperature difference generator can be prevented from being damaged. The automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus has high utilization ratio and thermal efficiency of absorbing of lights and solar energy, electric energy production and water heating quantity of the apparatus can be improved effectively, and the usage of the apparatus is safe and reliable.

Description

A kind of automatic tracking type solar power generation and hot water apparatus
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of solar utilization technique, particularly a kind of can follow automatically that the sun moves have generating and a bifunctional helioplant of heating domestic water; This device especially is fit to areas without electricity and pastoral area to be used.
Background technology
Be 200520120563 in the patent No., denomination of invention is in the patent documentation of " light focusing heat collecting type solar energy temperature difference generating set ", a kind of parabolic shape snoot and support of comprising disclosed, thermoelectric generator (machine) and support bar, water storage tank and support, water pipe system are at the interior device that utilizes solar power generation and heating domestic water, though this device has the characteristics of generating and heating two kinds of functions of domestic water and structure letter, but because employing is fixed snoot, can not change the direction of daylighting along with moving of the sun, extinction amount and solar energy utilization ratio are low; In addition, because thermoelectric generator etc. all exposes in the space, winter is in the north and extremely frigid zones when using, because of nocturnal temperature low, circulating water pipe in the thermoelectric generator (heat-exchange tube) and peripheral hardware water pipe freeze because of the residual water in interior, easily cause water pipe from freezing crack even damage thermoelectric generator.Thereby this device exists solar energy utilization ratio and the heat efficiency low, the easy bursting by freezing of water pipe even cause the infringement of thermoelectric generator when the north and extremely frigid zones use winter, defective such as security reliability is relatively poor.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is the disadvantage that exists at background technology, improve a kind of full-automatic tracking formula solar power generation of design and hot water apparatus, improve the solar energy utilization ratio and the heat efficiency to reach, increase generating and add the hot water amount, and purpose such as safe and reliable.
Solution of the present utility model is on basis of background technology, the automatic tracking system of direction of illumination, the direction of timing automatic correction (adjusting) snoot are set on snoot, make catoptrical focus be positioned on the daylighting face of thermoelectric generator all the time, to improve the solar energy utilization rate and the heat efficiency; In addition, set up electric water pump on the circulating water pipe outside water storage tank, post sunset with thermoelectric generator heat-exchange tube or heat exchange chamber in and residual water suction water storage tank in the peripheral hardware water pipe, to prevent that night is because of the freezing damage that causes thermoelectric generator etc.; The utility model is promptly realized its goal of the invention with this.Therefore, the utility model automatic tracking type solar power generation and hot water apparatus, comprise snoot and support, thermoelectric generator (machine) and support bar, water storage tank and support, contain into and out of reaching circulating water pipe at interior water pipe system, key is also to be provided with one and comprises photosensitive tracker, mechanical transmission mechanism, drive motors and storage battery in interior automatic tracking system on snoot and support, and the thermoelectric generator circulating water pipe be telescopic flexible pipe between the going out of corresponding recirculated water, the water inlet pipe on the mouth of pipe and the water storage tank; Photosensitive tracker is fixed on the snoot and with snoot and rotates, drive motors is fixed on the support bar, mechanical transmission mechanism is located between support bar and snoot and the base respectively and with fastening connection of support bar two ends with corresponding snoot and turnable movable connection of base, the battery feed input by lead be connected with the power output end of thermoelectric generator, its output then is connected with the drive motors and the photosensitive tracker of automatic tracking system, so that operating current to be provided.
Above-mentioned be located between support bar and snoot and the base mechanical transmission mechanism respectively with corresponding snoot and turnable movable connection of base, its with corresponding snoot be upper and lower to turnable movable the connection, and be turnable movable connection of left and right direction with base.For the residual water in the residual water suction water storage tank in post sunset will be managed, in preventing to manage is frozen and cause water pipe from freezing crack and damage thermoelectric generator night, one valve all is set on water storage tank recirculated water inlet tube and outlet tube and also is provided with an electric water pump on its outlet pipe, the power connection of this electric water pump is connected with the power supply out splice going splice of storage battery by lead.
The utility model is owing to the automatic tracking system of having set up on snoot direction of illumination, the direction of timing automatic correction (adjusting) snoot, catoptrical focus is positioned on the daylighting face of thermoelectric generator all the time, thereby can improves the extinction amount of thermoelectric generator and solar energy utilization rate and the heat efficiency more than 60%; One valve respectively is being set on the inlet tube and outlet tube of thermoelectric generator recirculated water and on its outlet pipe, electric water pump is being set, can be in the residual water suction water storage tank in post sunset will be managed, effectively prevented the disadvantage of freezing and causing water pipe from freezing crack and damage thermoelectric generator again because of the residual water in managing.Thereby, the utlity model has extinction amount and solar energy utilization rate and heat efficiency height, effectively improve the energy output of device and added the hot water amount, and characteristics such as safe and reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structure and each parts annexation schematic diagram.
Among the figure: 1. base, 2. machine driven system, 2~1. upper and lower transmission mechanism, 2~2. top driving motors, 2~3. left and right transmission mechanisms, 2~4. driving-belts, 2~5, bottom driving motor, 3. support, 4. photosensitive tracker, 5. snoot, 6. the support bar of thermoelectric generator, 6~1., 7. storage battery, 7~1,7~2: lead, 8~1. recirculated water (hot water) outlet pipes, 8~2. recirculated water (cooling water) water inlet pipe, 9. electric water pump, 10. valves, 11. the hot water outlet pipe of the water inlet pipe, 11 of water storage tank, 11~1.~2., 12. water storage tank supports.
Embodiment:
Originally execute mode: snoot 5, thermoelectric generator 6 and support bar 6~1, water storage tank 11 and water inlet pipe 11~1 thereof, hot water outlet pipe 11~2 are all identical with background technology." the solar cooker full automatic tracking device " that automatic tracking system adopts wide electric controlling factory, Jinan City to produce, wherein: photosensitive tracker 4 is fixed on the snoot 5, daylighting plane and snoot cover mouth plane parallel, tracking start to control angle 5-10 ° adjustable, the support present embodiment of former snoot change that machine driven system 2 carries in establish the support of screw rod, top driving motor 2~2, bottom driving motor 2~5 is DC12V, the micromachine of 12W, (sunlight and ground angle) adjustment angle is 10 °-120 ° about the snoot 5, about (sun horizontal azimuth) operation (adjustment) angle be 0 °-180 °; Thermoelectric generator 6 is connected storage battery 7 by power lead 7~1 with two power supply input adapters of storage battery 7 power supply out splice going splice then is connected with the positive and negative electrode of photosensitive tracker 4, driving motor 2~2 and 2~5, electric water pump 9 respectively by output lead 7~2 and provides operating current to it respectively.Photosensitive tracker 4 is according to the situation of movement of sunlight during operation, regularly (decide angle) and send instruction to driving motor 2~2 or 2~5, driving motor 2~2 or 2~5 starts and to drive snoot 5 upper and lower or turn left and right 5-10 ° to guarantee that snoot 5 catoptrical focuses are positioned at the daylighting face scope of thermoelectric generator all the time; When the lowest temperature reaches 0 ℃, post sunset at first close valve 10 on the circulating water inlet 8~2, then open the residual water suction water storage tank 11 of electric water pump 9 in will managing after, the valve 10 of closing again on the circulating water outlet pipe 8~1 freezes to prevent the residual water in the nocturnal tube; Get final product two valve openings next day at sunrise again.

Claims (3)

1. automatic tracking type solar power generation and hot water apparatus, comprise snoot and support, thermoelectric generator and support bar, water storage tank and support, contain into and out of reaching circulating water pipe at interior water pipe system, it is characterized in that on snoot and support, also being provided with one and comprise photosensitive tracker, mechanical transmission mechanism, drive motors and storage battery in interior automatic tracking system, and the thermoelectric generator circulating water pipe be telescopic flexible pipe between the going out of corresponding recirculated water, the water inlet pipe on the mouth of pipe and the water storage tank; Photosensitive tracker is fixed on the snoot and with snoot and rotates, drive motors is fixed on the support bar, mechanical transmission mechanism is located between support bar and snoot and the base respectively and with fastening connection of support bar two ends with corresponding snoot and turnable movable connection of base, the battery feed input by lead be connected with the power output end of thermoelectric generator, its output then is connected with the drive motors and the photosensitive tracker of automatic tracking system.
2. by described automatic tracking type solar power generation of claim 1 and hot water apparatus, it is characterized in that described support bar and corresponding snoot be upper and lower to turnable movable the connection, and be that the activity turnably of left and right direction connects with base.
3. by described automatic tracking type solar power generation of claim 1 and hot water apparatus, it is characterized in that all being provided with a valve and also be provided with an electric water pump on water storage tank recirculated water inlet tube and outlet tube on its outlet pipe, the power connection of this electric water pump is connected with the power supply out splice going splice of storage battery by lead.
CN2009202428456U 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN201518466U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202428456U CN201518466U (en) 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202428456U CN201518466U (en) 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Automatic tracking type solar power generation hot-water apparatus

Publications (1)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102035437A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-04-27 张国生 Portable Fresnel-lens solar automatic-tracking power generating and heating dual-purpose device
CN102410163A (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-04-11 河南省电力公司安阳供电公司 Focusing solar hot water and electrical storage device
CN105356832A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-24 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Electricity and heat cogeneration system based on concentrated solar energy
CN107228493A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-10-03 汤子琪 A kind of solar generator energy storage device
CN107367071A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-21 汤子琪 A kind of solar generator energy storage control method and device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102035437A (en) * 2010-11-18 2011-04-27 张国生 Portable Fresnel-lens solar automatic-tracking power generating and heating dual-purpose device
CN102410163A (en) * 2011-11-04 2012-04-11 河南省电力公司安阳供电公司 Focusing solar hot water and electrical storage device
CN105356832A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-02-24 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Electricity and heat cogeneration system based on concentrated solar energy
CN107228493A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-10-03 汤子琪 A kind of solar generator energy storage device
CN107367071A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-21 汤子琪 A kind of solar generator energy storage control method and device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100630

Termination date: 20121027