CN201488009U - Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking - Google Patents

Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201488009U
CN201488009U CN2009202030735U CN200920203073U CN201488009U CN 201488009 U CN201488009 U CN 201488009U CN 2009202030735 U CN2009202030735 U CN 2009202030735U CN 200920203073 U CN200920203073 U CN 200920203073U CN 201488009 U CN201488009 U CN 201488009U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
cooking
water boiler
combustion chamber
hot water
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009202030735U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚新安
姚刚
姚远
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2009202030735U priority Critical patent/CN201488009U/en
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Publication of CN201488009U publication Critical patent/CN201488009U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking, solving the problems of high energy consumption, low thermal efficiency, high running cost and less function of a traditional civilian-use cooking and heating furnace. The energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking is provided with a base, and a hot water boiler is arranged at the upper part of the base. The energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking is characterized in that a heating combustion chamber is arranged on the base; a cylindrical pot is installed on the heating combustion chamber and the central position of the hot water boiler; a continued burning chamber is formed by the hot water boiler, the heating combustion chamber and the cylindrical pot; and burning combustible material and unburned combustible material can be continuously burnt in the continued burning chamber and can perform heat exchange with the heated surface of the hot water boiler. The utility model has the advantages that the heating combustion chamber is arranged at the middle of the furnace so that burning coal does not contact with the water cooling wall of the hot water boiler directly in burning, the burning condition is good without baking coal, and the combustible material can be sufficiently utilized; the continued burning chamber is formed between the hot water boiler and the cylindrical pot, smoke and fire perform heat exchange with the heated surface of the hot water boiler with a turbulence state, thereby the heat resistance of a laminar flow boundary layer of the heated surface of the hot water boiler is reduced, the coefficients of heat transfer of convection and radiation are remarkably improved, and the thermal efficiency is improved.

Description

Energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of stove and accessory, particularly a kind of energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace.
Background technology
Domestic cooking heat supply stove of the prior art has many kinds, and wherein most typical is water-jacket typ cooking heating dual-purpose stove.Water-jacket typ cooking heating dual-purpose stove mainly is made of water jacket, fire bars, fire door, stove circle etc.It mainly adopts coal to act as a fuel, and coal burns on fire bars, with the water in water jacket heating, is used for heating, is used for cooking above the stove, but stove fire and the bottom of a pan be apart from far away, cooking and cook very slow.The problem that tradition domestic cooking heat supply stove exists also has, and fuel burns in burner hearth, and fire coal directly contacts with water-cooling wall, coal easily bakes charcoal, and the chemical energy in the fuel can not completing combustion, and heat loss is big, the energy consumption height, fire box temperature is low, and comburant and heating surface radiation heat transfer coefficient are little.When pyrotechnics and heating surface heat convection, the laminar boundary layer thermal resistance that the flue gas that wall-cooling surface is detained forms is big, the coefficient of heat transfer is little, the available energy loss is big, the heating surface area and the heating area of stove are little, and the thermal efficiency is low, are not suitable for burning low calorie fuels, the operating cost height, poisonous, harmful substance in the flue gas and CO 2, the dust content height, air pollution is serious, the function of stove is few, applicable surface is narrow.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is, overcome the problem that energy consumption height, the thermal efficiency are low, operating cost is high, function is few that existing domestic cooking heat supply stove exists, provide that a kind of burning condition is good, fire box temperature is high, convection current and radiation heat transfer coefficient is big, function is many, the thermal efficiency is high, operating cost is low energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace.
The utility model has a base, a hot-water boiler is arranged at base top, its special character is, a heating combustion chamber is arranged on base, on the heating combustion chamber, the center of hot-water boiler is equipped with the tubular pot, constitute the afterflame chamber between hot-water boiler and heating combustion chamber and the tubular pot, make and burn and unburned combustible burns away in the afterflame chamber, and carry out heat exchange with the heating surface of hot-water boiler.
Described heating combustion chamber is made of steel drum, fire proofed wood barrel and fire bars, on the wall of heating combustion chamber several air vents is arranged.
Secondary wind inleting tube is housed on base, makes air enter the afterflame chamber, combustion-supporting to unburned combustible in the afterflame chamber.
On the top of hot-water boiler the cooking combustion chamber is housed, the cooking combustion chamber is made of steel drum, fire proofed wood barrel and fire bars, and several air vents are arranged on the wall of cooking combustion chamber.
Advantage of the present utility model is:
1, heating combustion chamber and cooking combustion chamber are arranged on the centre of stove, directly do not contact with the water-cooling wall of hot-water boiler during fired coal combustion, and burning condition is good, do not bake charcoal, the combustible burning utilizes fully, the fire box temperature height, radiation coefficient is big, water quick heating, leaving water temperature height.
2, constitute the afterflame chamber between hot-water boiler and heating combustion chamber and the tubular pot, because the high temperature pyrotechnics at burner hearth center is squeezed the periphery of pot by the tubular pot, make the pyrotechnics heat flow density heighten, and in uphill process, wash away the heating surface of hot-water boiler, and carry out convection current and radiation heat transfer with the heating surface of turbulent condition and hot-water boiler, then attenuate the laminar boundary layer thermal resistance of hot-water boiler heating surface, convection current and radiation heat transfer coefficient have been significantly improved, improved the thermal efficiency, in addition, can boil water in the tubular pot in the time of heating, stew or steamed rice, the heating cost reduces greatly.
3, the afterflame chamber forms the gravitational dust collection structure, and it is many that flue dust is trapped in the stove, and it is few to discharge out of the furnace, the afterflame chamber generation and the discharge capacity that has reduced heating power type NOx be set.
4, on the top of stove the cooking combustion chamber is set, can be used for cooking and cook, and flame is near from the bottom of a pan, cooking and cook soon, cost is low, is particularly suitable for small-sized administration, enterprises and institutions and civilian.
5, the fire bars of heating combustion chamber is turning, and aphlogistic bulk spoil is turning in following grey thorax.
6, body of heater is little, and floor space and space are little, and production cost is low, and heating area is big.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of another embodiment of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3, the utility model has a base 19, base 19 is made of the loam cake of a cylindrical housing and an annular, described base 19 is circular, also can be square, the inside of base 19 be grey thorax, and ash door 20 is housed on base 19, be used for clearing up the ashes in the grey thorax, on base 19 tops a hot-water boiler is arranged, hot-water boiler is made of water jacket 9 and heat-absorbing water pipe 8, and heat-absorbing water pipe 8 has some, its quantity is not limit, water jacket 9 is made of interior cover and shell, and welds together with base 19, in the bottom of water jacket 9 delivery port 13 is arranged, on the top of water jacket 9 water inlet 7 is arranged, constitute hot-water boiler; Refractory material cover 6 is housed on the top of hot-water boiler, to reduce thermal loss, bell 4 on one is arranged at the top at refractory material cover 6, there is a following bell 5 middle and lower part at refractory material cover 6, side at refractory material cover 6 also has outlet flue 1, flue gas is discharged out of the furnace,, make following flue gas enter into outlet flue 1 on the bell 5 several through holes 21 being arranged down; Between base 19 and outlet flue 1, also have a sweep-up pipe 22 so that when ash disposal directly with outside the dust sucking-off stove, a plate 23 is arranged on sweep-up pipe 22, plate 23 is taken away when ash disposal, guarantees that sweep-up pipe 22 is unimpeded, after ash disposal finishes, plate 23 is put into original position, avoids outlet flue 1 suction to descend; A heating combustion chamber is arranged on base 19, and described heating combustion chamber is made of steel drum 11, fire proofed wood barrel 10 and fire bars 17, on the wall of heating combustion chamber several air vents 12 is arranged, and is beneficial to fuel combustion and heat exchange; At the two ends of fire bars 17 bolster 16 and bolster 18 are housed respectively, handle 15 is housed on the bolster 16, constitute convertible fire bars, so that remove the bulk spoil on the fire bars 17; On the heating combustion chamber, the center of hot-water boiler is equipped with tubular pot 2, there is an annular supporting plate 3 upper edge of tubular pot 2, annular supporting plate 3 is supported on tubular pot 2 on the bell 4, constitute the afterflame chamber between hot-water boiler and heating combustion chamber and the tubular pot 2, make burn and unburned combustible burn away in the afterflame chamber, in addition, tubular pot 2 squeezes periphery with the flame at stove center, hot-fluid with and carry out heat exchange with the heating surface and the tubular pot 2 of hot-water boiler; Secondary wind inleting tube 14 is housed on base 19, secondary wind inleting tube 14 both can be introduced air the afterflame chamber, unburned combustible in the afterflame chamber is played combustion-supporting effect, the dust in the afterflame chamber is dropped in the grey thorax of base 19 bottoms, avoid dust in the afterflame chamber, to accumulate.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 4, its structure such as embodiment 1, difference is, on the top of hot-water boiler the cooking combustion chamber is housed, the cooking combustion chamber is made of steel drum 26, fire proofed wood barrel 24 and fire bars 27, on the top of steel drum 26 an annular supporting plate 25 is arranged, annular supporting plate 25 is supported on down the cooking combustion chamber on the bell 5; Several air vents 29 are arranged on the wall of cooking combustion chamber, be beneficial to fuel combustion; Also have a bell 28 on last bell 4, bell 28 is a monoblock type, also can adopt a plurality of stove circles to constitute, so that when cooking finishes stove is covered.
When the utility model is used for cooking, take away tubular pot 2, the cooking combustion chamber is placed on down on the bell 5, light the cooking combustion chamber, can cooking or cook.When the utility model is used to heat, the cooking combustion chamber is taken off, tubular pot 2 is placed on the bell 4, and be full of water in water jacket 9, light the combustion chamber of will heating, can heat, and in the process of heating, but both manufacture hot water of tubular pot 2, but cooking again.During the utility model both can burn, the raw coal of low-heat, also can burn faggot and various combustible, can be when burning bavin with heating combustion chamber suitable lengthening on demand.

Claims (4)

1. energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace, it has a base, a hot-water boiler is arranged at base top, it is characterized in that, a heating combustion chamber is arranged on base, on the heating combustion chamber, the center of hot-water boiler is equipped with the tubular pot, formation afterflame chamber between hot-water boiler and heating combustion chamber and the tubular pot.
2. energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that described heating combustion chamber is made of steel drum, fire proofed wood barrel and fire bars, on the wall of heating combustion chamber several air vents is arranged.
3. energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace according to claim 1 is characterized in that, secondary wind inleting tube is housed on base.
4. energy-conserving and environment-protective functions of heating and cooking multipurpose furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, on the top of hot-water boiler the cooking combustion chamber is housed, the cooking combustion chamber is made of steel drum, fire proofed wood barrel and fire bars, and several air vents are arranged on the wall of cooking combustion chamber.
CN2009202030735U 2009-09-02 2009-09-02 Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking Expired - Fee Related CN201488009U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202030735U CN201488009U (en) 2009-09-02 2009-09-02 Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202030735U CN201488009U (en) 2009-09-02 2009-09-02 Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201488009U true CN201488009U (en) 2010-05-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009202030735U Expired - Fee Related CN201488009U (en) 2009-09-02 2009-09-02 Energy-saving and environment-friendly multifunctional furnace for heating and cooking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201488009U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111919062A (en) * 2018-05-10 2020-11-10 赫茨尔·亚希 Boiler heating system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111919062A (en) * 2018-05-10 2020-11-10 赫茨尔·亚希 Boiler heating system
JP2021521402A (en) * 2018-05-10 2021-08-26 ヤイッシュ, ハーツェルYAICH, Hertzel Boiler heating system
JP7188722B2 (en) 2018-05-10 2022-12-13 ハーツェル ヤイッシュ, boiler heating system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100526

Termination date: 20110902