CN212362105U - Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system - Google Patents

Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212362105U
CN212362105U CN202021025328.6U CN202021025328U CN212362105U CN 212362105 U CN212362105 U CN 212362105U CN 202021025328 U CN202021025328 U CN 202021025328U CN 212362105 U CN212362105 U CN 212362105U
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China
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furnace body
furnace
cooking
water jacket
partition plate
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CN202021025328.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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高彦
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Qinhuangdao Xinte Technology Co ltd
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Qinhuangdao Xinte Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace and furnace system, environmental protection furnace includes: the outer furnace body is provided with a partition plate, and the partition plate divides the outer furnace body into a cooking cavity and an installation cavity; the inner furnace body is arranged in the installation cavity, the top of the inner furnace body is connected with the partition plate, and a hearth of the inner furnace body is communicated with the cooking cavity; the first water jacket is arranged on the furnace wall of the inner furnace body; and the heat recovery device is arranged at the joint of the inner furnace body and the partition plate. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is when using, in the heat of fuel burning release in the interior furnace body, partly is absorbed by first water jacket, and another part rises to the cooking intracavity and is used for the cooking activity, however, this part heat still has partly scatters and disappears to the furnace outside, and can be with this part heat recovery that scatters and disappears in by the cooking chamber through setting up heat recovery unit to improve thermal utilization ratio, it is more energy-concerving and environment-protective.

Description

Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a furnace technical field, concretely relates to environmental protection furnace and furnace system.
Background
The stove is used for burning wood, straw, coal and the like, and in cold areas, such as winter, the northern areas of China usually need to rely on coal furnaces to burn coal so as to achieve the purposes of heating and cooking. Generally, coal furnaces are widely used in small single-family homes in rural and small towns.
Currently, the cookers used for cooking on the market are subject to a number of problems, for example: insufficient combustion causes black smoke to be emitted from the chimney, and the surrounding environment is seriously affected. Alternatively, when the fuel in the oven is insufficient, the food may not be cooked in time. In particular, although some conventional stoves are equipped with a heating water jacket, the design of the water jacket is relatively simple, the heat utilization value of combustion is low, and most of the heat is directly discharged from a chimney.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace and furnace system has solved current furnace utensil and has been equipped with the heating water jacket, but actually the design of water jacket is all fairly simple, and the heat utilization value of burning is very low, and most heat is discharged by direct follow chimney.
According to an aspect of the utility model, an environmental protection furnace is disclosed, include: the outer furnace body is provided with a partition plate, and the partition plate divides the outer furnace body into a cooking cavity and an installation cavity; the inner furnace body is arranged in the installation cavity, the top of the inner furnace body is connected with the partition plate, and a hearth of the inner furnace body is communicated with the cooking cavity; the first water jacket is arranged on the furnace wall of the inner furnace body and is used for absorbing heat released by the inner furnace body; the heat recovery device is arranged at the joint of the inner furnace body and the partition plate and used for absorbing heat released by the inner furnace body and the cooking cavity.
Further, the hearth of the inner furnace body is used for combusting one or more of the following substances: wood, coal, biofuel.
Further, the heat recovery device is a heating water tray or a water pipe, the heat recovery device is arranged on the partition plate, and the heat recovery device is communicated with the first water jacket.
Further, be provided with on the outer furnace body with the cooking mouth of cooking chamber intercommunication, cooking mouth position department is provided with electric heater unit.
Further, still be provided with the exhaust port on the outer furnace body, the cooking chamber with the exhaust port intercommunication, the cooking intracavity is provided with cubic burner, cubic burner is located exhaust port position department for burn the purification to exhaust flue gas.
Further, still include: the smoke exhaust pipeline is connected with the outer furnace body, and the interior of the smoke exhaust pipeline is communicated with the cooking cavity; and the second water jacket is arranged on the inner wall of the smoke exhaust pipeline and is used for absorbing the heat released by the smoke exhaust pipeline.
Furthermore, the second water jacket is arranged at the joint of the smoke exhaust pipeline and the outer furnace body.
Further, still include: the purification chamber is arranged on the pipeline of the smoke exhaust pipeline, and a tertiary combustion device is arranged in the purification chamber.
Further, the tertiary combustion device is an electric heating pipe.
Further, the tertiary combustion device is a gas device and is used for spraying fuel to the smoke and combusting the smoke.
Further, the fuel comprises one or more of the following: coal gas, natural gas, kerosene and diesel oil.
Further, the dust removal device is communicated with the smoke exhaust pipeline.
Further, an air door is arranged on the smoke exhaust pipeline and located between the second water jacket and the dust removal device.
Further, the inner furnace body is provided with a secondary combustion hole, the secondary combustion hole is located between the first water jacket and the partition plate, and the secondary combustion hole is used for introducing air into a hearth of the inner furnace body.
Further, an air channel is formed between the outer wall of the inner furnace body and the inner wall of the mounting cavity as well as between the outer wall of the inner furnace body and the partition plate, the hearth of the inner furnace body is communicated with the air channel through the secondary combustion hole, and the air channel is communicated with the outside of the outer furnace body.
Furthermore, the outer furnace body is also provided with an air inlet and an air inlet cavity communicated with the air inlet, and the bottom of the hearth of the inner furnace body is communicated with the air inlet cavity.
Furthermore, the bottom of the inner furnace body is provided with a furnace grate bar.
Further, still include: connect the ash box, connect the appearance of ash box with the air inlet chamber phase-match, connect the movably setting of ash box and be in the air inlet intracavity, connect the ash box through the mobile control the size that the air intake was opened to control the intake.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, a furnace system is disclosed, comprising the above-mentioned environmental protection furnace.
The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is when using, in the heat of fuel burning release in the interior furnace body, partly is absorbed by first water jacket, and another part rises to the cooking intracavity and is used for the cooking activity, however, this part heat still has partly scatters and disappears to the furnace outside, and can be with this part heat recovery that scatters and disappears in by the cooking chamber through setting up heat recovery unit to improve thermal utilization ratio, it is more energy-concerving and environment-protective.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an environment-friendly furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of an eco-friendly furnace according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of an eco-friendly furnace according to another embodiment of the present invention;
legend: 10. an outer furnace body; 11. a partition plate; 12. a cooking cavity; 13. an air inlet cavity; 14. cooking; 15. an electric heating device; 16. a smoke outlet; 17. a secondary air inlet; 18. a secondary air door; 20. an inner furnace body; 21. secondary combustion holes; 22. grate bars; 23. a filling opening; 30. an air passage; 41. a first water jacket; 42. a heat recovery device; 43. a second water jacket; 44. a pipeline; 50. a clean room; 51. a tertiary combustion device; 60. an ash receiving box; 70. a dust removal device; 80. a smoke exhaust duct; 81. a damper.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples, but is not limited to the contents of the specification.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the utility model discloses an environment-friendly combustion furnace, including: the furnace comprises an outer furnace body 10, an inner furnace body 20, a first water jacket 41 and a heat recovery device 42, wherein the outer furnace body 10 is provided with a partition plate 11, and the partition plate 11 divides the outer furnace body 10 into a cooking cavity 12 and an installation cavity; the inner furnace body 20 is arranged in the installation cavity, the top of the inner furnace body 20 is connected with the partition board 11, and the hearth of the inner furnace body 20 is communicated with the cooking cavity 12; the first water jacket 41 is arranged on the furnace wall of the inner furnace body 20, and the first water jacket 41 is used for absorbing heat released by the inner furnace body 20; the heat recovery device 42 is arranged at the joint of the inner furnace body 20 and the partition 11, and the heat recovery device 42 is used for absorbing the heat released by the inner furnace body 20 and the cooking cavity 12. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is when using, in the heat of fuel burning release in the interior furnace body 20, partly is absorbed by first water jacket 41, and another part rises to be used for the cooking activity in cooking chamber 12, however, this part heat still has partly scatters and disappears to the furnace outside, and can be with this part heat recovery that scatters and disappears in cooking chamber 12 through setting up heat recovery unit 42 to improve thermal utilization ratio, it is more energy-concerving and environment-protective.
The first water jacket 41 is provided on the wall of the inner furnace body 20, which means that the first water jacket 41 is provided on the inner wall or the outer wall of the inner furnace body 20, and can be provided on both the inner wall and the outer wall, so that the heat released from the inner furnace body 20 can be absorbed better.
In the above embodiment, the inner furnace body 20 is used to burn one or more of the following substances within the furnace: wood, coal, biofuel. The environment-friendly furnace of the utility model can adopt wood, coal and biofuel as fuel, and has wide selectable range of combustion materials and low cost.
In the above embodiment, the heat recovery device 42 is a heating water tray or a water pipe, and when the heating water tray is adopted, the heating water tray is arranged on the partition plate 11, the heating water tray is communicated with the first water jacket 41, and the heating water tray is communicated with the first water jacket 41 through a pipeline 44; when the water pipe is adopted, the water pipe is wound on the partition plate 11, and the water pipe is communicated with the first water jacket 41. The heated water pan or pipe communicates with the first water jacket 41 through a conduit 44. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is through setting up heating water dish or water pipe to heating water dish setting is on baffle 11, can absorb the heat of cooking chamber 12 release through baffle 11, thereby improves the heat utilization ratio with heat recovery utilization.
In the above embodiment, the outer body 10 is provided with a cooking opening 14 communicating with the cooking chamber 12, an electric heater 15 is provided at the cooking opening 14, and a fire pressing plate is covered above the cooking opening 14. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace sets up cooking mouth 14 on outer furnace body 10, can carry out the cooking activity through cooking mouth 14, for example cook, fried dish etc. because cooking mouth 14 position department is provided with electric heater unit, makes people carrying out the cooking activity room, can be in order to utilize the heat that the furnace burning produced, also can be when not having the fuel, utilize the heat that electric heater unit 15 produced, can also the two simultaneous use, improve the alternative of use, convenience of customers uses.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, an exhaust port 16 is further disposed on the outer furnace body 10, the cooking cavity 12 is communicated with the exhaust port 16, a tertiary combustion device 51 is disposed in the cooking cavity 12, and the tertiary combustion device 51 is located at the exhaust port 16 for performing combustion and purification on the exhausted flue gas. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace sets up exhaust port 16 and can pass through exhaust port 16 with the flue gas that the burning produced and discharge, because there is more harmful substance in the flue gas, consequently, sets up cubic burner 51 in the 16 position departments of exhaust port of cooking chamber 12, can continue high temperature combustion with the flue gas through cubic burner 51 to with the harmful substance in the flue gas, for example nitrogen oxide, sulphide, dioxin etc. get rid of, realize gas cleaning, reduce environmental pollution.
In the above embodiment, the method further includes: a smoke exhaust pipeline 80 and a second water jacket 43, wherein the smoke exhaust pipeline 80 is connected with the outer furnace body 10, and the smoke exhaust pipeline 80 is internally communicated with the cooking cavity 12; the second water jacket 43 is provided on the inner wall of the exhaust duct 80 for absorbing heat released from the exhaust duct 80. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is through setting up second water jacket 43 on exhaust pipe 80, can the flue gas heat after the cubic burning absorb to improve the heat utilization efficiency, thereby avoid high temperature flue gas to discharge and produce the condensation.
In the above embodiment, the second water jacket 43 is disposed at the connection between the smoke exhaust duct 80 and the outer furnace body 10, in the specific implementation process, the first water jacket 41, the heat recovery device, and the second water jacket 43 can be sequentially communicated, the first water jacket 41 is connected with the water inlet pipe, and the second water jacket 43 is connected with the water outlet pipe, which is convenient to communicate with the heat recovery device 42.
The first water jacket 41 is welded to the outer side of the inner furnace body 20, and is formed by welding a steel plate or winding a pipe material. The heat recovery unit 42 has a hollow structure formed by welding steel plates, and may be made of a pipe material. The second water jacket 43 is an annular water jacket, and is sleeved on the outer wall of the smoke exhaust pipeline 80 to increase the heat transfer effect.
In another embodiment shown in fig. 3, the other structure is the same as that of the embodiment shown in fig. 1, except that the method further includes: the purification chamber 50, the purification chamber 50 is arranged on the pipeline of the smoke exhaust pipeline 80, and the tertiary combustion device 51 is arranged in the purification chamber 50. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is through setting up a clean room 50 alone on exhaust pipe 80 to set up cubic burner 51 in clean room 50, clearance that can be more convenient, change cubic burner 51. In order to make the tertiary combustion device 51 burn sufficiently, a damper 81 may be provided on the smoke exhaust duct 80, and the damper 81 may be located between the second water jacket 43 and the clean room 50.
In both embodiments shown in fig. 1 and 3, the tertiary combustion device 51 may be an electric heating pipe, which has other shapes such as a spiral shape, a ring shape, a straight pipe, etc. and electrically heats the flue gas. A gas-fired device may also be employed for spraying fuel to the flue gas and burning, wherein the fuel comprises one or more of the following: coal gas, natural gas, kerosene and diesel oil.
In the above embodiment, the dust removing device 70 is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 80, so that the smoke dust in the smoke can be reduced, and the air pollution can be reduced.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, a damper 81 is disposed on the smoke exhaust duct 80, and the damper 81 is located between the second water jacket 43 and the dust removing device 70.
In the above embodiment, the inner furnace body 20 is provided with the secondary combustion holes 21, the secondary combustion holes 21 are located between the first water jacket 41 and the partition plate 11, the secondary combustion holes 21 are arranged on the outer periphery of the inner furnace body 20, and the secondary combustion holes 21 are used for introducing air into the hearth of the inner furnace body 20, wherein the rows of the secondary combustion holes 21 are 1-10. An air channel 30 is formed between the outer wall of the inner furnace body 20 and the inner wall of the mounting cavity and between the outer wall of the inner furnace body 20 and the partition plate 11, the hearth of the inner furnace body 20 is communicated with the air channel 30 through a secondary combustion hole 21, a secondary air inlet 17 is arranged on the outer furnace body 10, a secondary air door 18 is arranged on the secondary air inlet 17, and the air channel 30 is communicated with the outside of the outer furnace body 10 through the secondary air inlet 17 and controls air inflow through the secondary air door 18. The utility model discloses an environmental protection furnace is through setting up secondary combustion hole 21 to and air passage 30 makes in the outside air enters into air passage 30 through secondary air intake 17, and gets into the secondary combustion hole along air passage 30, then gets into the furnace of interior furnace body 20, and the material that preliminary burning produced in the interior furnace body 20 further burns, thereby realizes the postcombustion, can improve the combustion effect of furnace greatly.
In the above embodiment, the outer furnace body 10 is further provided with an air inlet and an air inlet chamber 13 communicated with the air inlet, and the bottom of the furnace chamber of the inner furnace body 20 is communicated with the air inlet chamber 13. The inner furnace body 20 is provided with a material filling port 23 communicated with the hearth of the inner furnace body 20, the material filling port 23 penetrates through the outer furnace body 10, when the furnace is used, fuel can be added into the inner furnace body 20 through the material filling port 23, and the bottom of the inner furnace body 20 is provided with a grate bar 22. During primary combustion, external air enters the inner furnace body 20 from the air inlet and the air inlet cavity 13, so that materials inside the inner furnace body 20 are combusted.
In the above embodiment, the method further includes: the ash receiving box 60 is matched with the air inlet cavity 13 in shape, the ash receiving box 60 is movably arranged in the air inlet cavity 13, and the ash receiving box 60 controls the opening size of an air inlet through movement so as to control the air inlet amount. Through setting up and connect grey box 60, when connecing the ash, can be through the size that the mobile control wind gap was opened to control the intake, convenient control. Of course, the ember receiving bin 60 may be of the drawer type and/or the gate, flap type for easy removal.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, a furnace system is disclosed, comprising the above-mentioned environmental protection furnace.
It is to be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples provided for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. Not all embodiments are exhaustive. All obvious changes or variations led out by the technical scheme of the utility model are still in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (12)

1. An environment-friendly furnace, comprising:
the cooking device comprises an outer furnace body (10), wherein the outer furnace body (10) is provided with a partition plate (11), and the partition plate (11) divides the outer furnace body (10) into a cooking cavity (12) and an installation cavity;
the inner furnace body (20) is arranged in the installation cavity, the top of the inner furnace body (20) is connected with the partition plate (11), and a hearth of the inner furnace body (20) is communicated with the cooking cavity (12);
a first water jacket (41), wherein the first water jacket (41) is arranged on the wall of the inner furnace body (20), and the first water jacket (41) is used for absorbing heat released by the inner furnace body (20);
heat recovery unit (42), heat recovery unit (42) set up in interior furnace body (20) with baffle (11) junction, heat recovery unit (42) are used for absorbing interior furnace body (20) with the heat that cooking chamber (12) released.
2. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 1,
the hearth of the inner furnace body (20) is used for burning one or more of the following substances: wood, coal, biofuel.
3. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 1,
the heat recovery device (42) is a heating water tray or a water pipe, the heat recovery device (42) is arranged on the partition plate (11), and the heat recovery device (42) is communicated with the first water jacket (41).
4. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 1,
the outer furnace body (10) is provided with a cooking opening (14) communicated with the cooking cavity (12), and the cooking opening (14) is provided with an electric heating device (15).
5. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 4,
still be provided with exhaust port (16) on outer furnace body (10), cooking chamber (12) with exhaust port (16) intercommunication, be provided with cubic burner (51) in cooking chamber (12), cubic burner (51) are located exhaust port (16) position department for burn the purification to the exhaust flue gas.
6. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 1, further comprising:
the smoke exhaust pipeline (80), the smoke exhaust pipeline (80) is connected with the outer furnace body (10), and the smoke exhaust pipeline (80) is communicated with the cooking cavity (12);
the second water jacket (43) is arranged on the inner wall of the smoke exhaust pipeline (80) and used for absorbing heat released by the smoke exhaust pipeline (80).
7. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 6,
the second water jacket (43) is arranged at the joint of the smoke exhaust pipeline (80) and the outer furnace body (10).
8. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 7, further comprising:
the purification chamber (50) is arranged on the pipeline of the smoke exhaust pipeline (80), and a tertiary combustion device (51) is arranged in the purification chamber (50).
9. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 5 or 8,
the tertiary combustion device (51) is an electric heating pipe.
10. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 5 or 8,
the tertiary combustion device (51) is a gas device and is used for spraying fuel to the smoke and combusting; the fuel comprises one or more of the following: coal gas, natural gas, kerosene and diesel oil.
11. The environmentally friendly furnace of claim 1,
the inner furnace body (20) is provided with a secondary combustion hole (21), the secondary combustion hole (21) is positioned between the first water jacket (41) and the partition plate (11), and the secondary combustion hole (21) is used for introducing air into a hearth of the inner furnace body (20);
an air channel (30) is formed between the outer wall of the inner furnace body (20) and the inner wall of the mounting cavity as well as between the partition plates (11), the hearth of the inner furnace body (20) is communicated with the air channel (30) through the secondary combustion hole (21), and the air channel (30) is communicated with the outside of the outer furnace body (10).
12. A furnace system comprising the eco-friendly furnace of any one of claims 1 to 11.
CN202021025328.6U 2020-06-05 2020-06-05 Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system Active CN212362105U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021025328.6U CN212362105U (en) 2020-06-05 2020-06-05 Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021025328.6U CN212362105U (en) 2020-06-05 2020-06-05 Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212362105U true CN212362105U (en) 2021-01-15

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021025328.6U Active CN212362105U (en) 2020-06-05 2020-06-05 Environment-friendly furnace and furnace system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212362105U (en)

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