CN201411687Y - Corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with hole - Google Patents

Corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with hole Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201411687Y
CN201411687Y CN2009200367937U CN200920036793U CN201411687Y CN 201411687 Y CN201411687 Y CN 201411687Y CN 2009200367937 U CN2009200367937 U CN 2009200367937U CN 200920036793 U CN200920036793 U CN 200920036793U CN 201411687 Y CN201411687 Y CN 201411687Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pile
sleeve pipe
plastic sleeve
ripple
stake
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009200367937U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈永辉
王新泉
孙宏林
顾长存
张正刚
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Hohai University HHU
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Hohai University HHU
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Priority to CN2009200367937U priority Critical patent/CN201411687Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201411687Y publication Critical patent/CN201411687Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with a hole, which is formed by a pile cap, a corrugated plastic sleeve pipe, geotextile, a sleeve pipe joint, a slurry cementing granule pile body and a pile tip, wherein the top of the corrugated plastic sleeve pipe is connected with the pile cap, the bottom of the corrugated plastic sleeve pipe is connected withthe pile tip, the side wall of the corrugated plastic sleeve pipe is provided with a hole and the geotextile is coated outside the hole; each section of sleeve pipe is connected by the sleeve pipe joint, granules are put into the sleeve pipe and grouted to form the slurry cementing granule pile body; and a slurry dispersion area is arranged on the periphery of the pile body, so the property of asoil body on the periphery of the pile body is effectively improved, effective pile diameter is practically enlarged or the geotextile outward protrudes and expands under the action of slurry to forma compass-shaped sirupy calabash pile body, so the contact action between pile earth is enhanced and the bearing performance of the pile body is substantially improved. The utility model is an effective pile type for reinforcing a soft earth foundation.

Description

Granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of stake type of soft soil foundation, particularly a kind of granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes.
Background technology
At present, in engineerings such as speedway, high-speed railway, municipal administration, airport, stake formula embankment has become a kind of general method for processing foundation.Before the present utility model, the embankment stake is based on rigid pile such as flexible piles such as cement mixing method and vibrator pipe sinking cast-in-place pile, pile for prestressed pipe, bored piles.Before the present technique invention, a kind of in situ concrete pile with plastic bushing, discrete material pile, gravel slip-casting stake etc. are under suitable geological conditions and engineering background, among progressively applying simultaneously.
Cement mixing method (comprising slurry spray stake and powder spray piling) belongs to flexible pile, and strength of the mixing pile is low, and cost is economized, but construction quality is wayward, and it is limited and can not be used for the deeper location of soft base that conventional method is handled the degree of depth; Its cost of vibration sinking tube in situ concrete pile will be less than preformed pile, but the vibration sinking tube concrete pile is because big to the influence of pile body on every side in the vibration work progress, be prone to broken pile, quality is wayward and detection difficult, fullness coefficient are excessive sometimes, big etc. to surrounding constructure influence; The prestressed reinforced concrete stake is because quality is very easily controlled and detected, and consolidation effect is good, quality problems such as broken pile can not occur, but cost is quite expensive often, and its strength of the mixing pile aspect existed very big waste when simultaneously high-intensity stake was used as the embankment stake; Grouting pile does not have problem such as mud skin sediment but the operating expenses height, except that mud is handled problems such as causing environment pollution, also exist rubble and be difficult for wash clean, shortcoming such as waste material, slip casting be inhomogeneous in the ground of sandstone interlayer; Plastic sleeve concrete pile stake footpath is little, the soil compaction effect is little, can be because of vibration soil compaction and broken pile, and, construction little to surrounding environment influence flexibly fast, low to site requirements, and its pile quality is easy to check, control, and the controlled and casting quality of concrete amount is not subjected to ectocine.What plastic sleeve concrete pile was constructed employing is to overlap the minor diameter plastic pipe in the outer major diameter steel immersed tube and enlarge a sharp method pile, this just makes single stake just set to exist after immersed tube is extracted stake native disturbance of week big, the all soil of stake can not in time return crowded situation, the all native intensity of stake needs the regular hour to recover, pile side friction also need just can be given full play under the effect of soil compaction effect and upper load, but during actual engineering construction, because duration restriction, often just need do static loading test in 28 days, at this moment bearing capacity is often lower, the bearing capacity (this fashion of stake side bearing capacity can not be given full play to) that only can reflect the stake end sometimes, can not reflect the actual carrying capacity situation under the long-term work condition fully, test shows that 90 days bearing capacity will exceed about 20~30% by the bearing capacity than 28 days.But owing to the bearing capacity under the actual loading long-term work condition is detected inconvenient, the bearing capacity mass data that lacks this respect, therefore often adopt 28 days bearing capacity to design when designing for the sake of security, still relatively more conservative design the when making most of engineering design.
For the mode diversification more that makes Soft Ground, be fit to the selection under the different operating modes in different regions, need seek new processing mode and overcome more above-mentioned defectives, give full play to the load-carrying properties of foundation reinfored stake.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes, and this type can improve the stake type that sets efficient, speed, quality and be fit to the Soft Ground of domestic use.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes, it is characterized in that it is by pile cover 1, ripple plastic sleeve 2, geotextiles or filter cloth 3, casing joint 5, the solid pellet pile body 6 of slurry, 9 formations of stake point, wherein fixedly connected with pile cover 1 in the top of ripple plastic sleeve 2, fixedly connected with stake point 9 in the bottom, perforate 4 is arranged on the tube wall of ripple plastic sleeve 2, every joint ripple plastic sleeve 2 usefulness plastic bushing joints 5 are fixedly connected, ripple plastic sleeve 2 outsourcing geotextiles or filter cloth 3, throw in pellet in the ripple plastic sleeve 2 and carry out slip casting, form the solid pellet pile body 6 of slurry, in the pile body periphery is slurries diffusion region 7, perhaps geotextiles or filter cloth 3 are outwards outstanding under grouting pressure expands, and forms the sugarcoated haws pile body of compass shape 8.
Described stake point 9 is a reinforced concrete structure, be conical, center upper portion is provided with the sleeve pipe socket 11 that the PVC material is made, the bottom of ripple plastic sleeve 2 is inserted in the sleeve pipe socket 11, and gluing fixedly connected with the PVC cementing agent, be provided with a spill annulus 12 or establish the platform 13 of a step in the periphery of sleeve pipe socket 11.
Above-mentioned pellet is rubble, granule, flyash, building crushed stone, building waste or slag.
A kind of bore forming method of granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes is characterized in that the bore forming step is as follows:
1) with the prefabricated conical concrete pile point 9 of particular manufacturing craft;
2) press designing pile length, ripple plastic sleeve 2 usefulness casing joints 5 are connected to designing pile length, perforate 4 on casing wall,
Firm at tapping with geotextiles or filter cloth 3 parcels;
3) lower end of ripple plastic sleeve 2 is inserted firmly connection in the sleeve pipe socket 11 of point 9, form the hemi-closure space of upper opening;
4) lifting sets the immersed tube mouth of machine, with rope the above-mentioned perforated plastic sleeve pipe 2 that connects stake point 9 is inserted in the immersed tube, and the lower end of immersed tube is inserted a spill annulus 12 of point 9 or is shelved on the platform 13;
5) open and to set machine, the align piles position, it is dark that ripple plastic sleeve 2 and stake point 9 are squeezed into the design stake in the lump, pulls out immersed tube on then, or pull out immersed tube on after the inside pipe casing water filling, and ripple plastic sleeve 2 and stake point 9 are stayed in the ground;
6) Grouting Pipe 10 is placed ripple plastic sleeve 2, and throw in pellet;
7) after cement injection or cement mortar have slurries to emerge to the stake top, begin to pull out Grouting Pipe 10, limit tube drawing marginal not slurry, and mend and fill out pellet, slurry infiltration forms the solid pellet pile body 6 of slurry;
8) under grouting pressure, being wrapped in ripple plastic sleeve 2 geotextiles or filter cloth 3 is on every side washed open, the soil body penetration of slurries around pile body forms slurries diffusion region 7, perhaps geotextiles or filter cloth 3 are not washed open, but under pressure, geotextiles or filter cloth 3 are outwards outstanding to expand, and forms the sugarcoated haws pile body of similar compass shape 8;
9) place the pile cover mould on the pile body top, the cast-in-site pile cover, treat pile body and pile cover concrete reach do tenacity after, shop reinforcement material and sand-gravel cushion form composite foundation.
All single wall PVC plastic bushing or other plastic bushings of ripple inside and outside the utility model pile body can adopt, the shell material cheapness, and certain flexibility can be arranged, therefore can insert easily to set in the machine immersed tube and set, can satisfy earlier plastic bushing all to be set to finish and carry out operations such as lapidation cement injection or cement mortar again, improve efficiency of construction, save construction costs.Simultaneously, use the single wall ripple plastic sleeve, the gluing of slip casting and pellet forms in the sleeve pipe glued pile body and sleeve pipe interlock are tight, have strengthened the contact friction force of stake with the soil body, have improved the bearing capacity of stake, have given full play to the effect of sleeve pipe ripple.After adopting the perforated plastic bellows, plastic bushing is permeable, can alleviate the pressure of super quiet hole pressure to plastic bushing like this, reduces the requirement of strength of plastic bushing, reduces construction costs.
No matter the slurry bonded dispersed body material stake is to adopt rig pore-forming or immersed tube counterbore, all inevitably can produce a side mud and invade pile body, has influenced the pile quality after the slip casting.And perforated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pipe casing no longer takes out after setting, the pile quality that the retaining wall effect of sleeve pipe then can effectively guarantee, plastic bushing outer wall outsourcing geotextiles or filter cloth, overwhelming majority soil particle can not pass through, therefore the crushed stone aggregate in the sleeve pipe is cleaner, slip casting is favourable to strength of the mixing pile and quality control in the environment of relative closure, and because the existence of sleeve pipe, perforated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile sets and need not hole flushing in the process, operations such as mud off, there is not mud skin sediment, construction fast, slip casting is even, can guarantee higher pile quality height, and having absorbed does not need concrete mixing in the gravel slip-casting stake, advantages such as transportation.The problem of environmental pollution that does not have mud to cause simultaneously.
Because before the slip casting, in establish rubble, outsourcing filter cloth the perforated plastic sleeve pipe be excellent drainage channel, can effectively reduce immersed tube and set the dissipation of caused ultra-clean pore water stress in the work progress, quicken the fixed of inter-pile soil and the influence of the disturbance damage that reduces to construct, reduce the pile soil compaction effect.Therefore, this construction technology has also absorbed the part advantage in 2D worker's method (abbreviation of composite foundation and band drain use in conjunction).
Because the utility model belongs to Small Diameter Pile (adopting diameter 25cm at present), the character of its soil contact face is bigger to the influence of load-carrying properties, immersed tube produced certain reaming when sleeve pipe set, pile peripheral earth is disturbed, structural deterioration, this makes that the place's effect of stake soil contact face is weak, corrugated bushing can not closely contact with the soil body, and its offside frictional resistance contribution then can not be given full play to.Adopt side-wall hole and wrap up geotextiles or filter cloth after, when reaching certain grouting pressure, slurries can be washed the geotextiles or the filter cloth of parcel open by the tube wall tapping, thereby slurries are permeated to pile peripheral earth, form the slurries diffusion region, effectively improve the character of pile peripheral earth, reality has increased effective footpath of this type, and its load-carrying properties are greatly improved.
Also can not wash geotextiles or filter cloth during slip casting open to the pile peripheral earth osmotic grouting, and take certain pressure slip casting to make to be wrapped in the geotextiles or the filter cloth in hole week to expand to the pile body outer process, be similar to " Bottle gourd pile " of sugarcoated haws along the microscler forming shape of stake, the contact action that this has strengthened between stake soil equally improves load-carrying properties.
After adopting grouting process, the cement mortar slurries inject the rubble hole to be made it outside the glued pile, slurries will be given birth to physics chemical action such as infiltration, densification, gluing to all local products of stake by the densely covered hole of plastic bushing under pressure in the process of slip casting, eliminate in the work progress because stake is sharp, immersed tube reaming effect makes stake side soil can not return harmful effect crowded, that all native intensity short-term loss (STL)s of stake reduce, pile side resistance in time is improved, so just can reduce construction costs so that 28 days bearing capacities of stake improve rapidly.
The utility model adopts precast concrete to enlarge the stake point, and the stake point can adopt various ways (taper shape or cross etc.), can select for use by design according to different actual conditions.Default and the close-connected sleeve pipe socket of plastic bushing in the stake point.
The utility model with plastic bushing set finish after, lay Grouting Pipe and throw in gravel slip-casting, the method for the limit even slip casting in tube drawing limit is adopted in slip casting, pipe-pulling speed is controlled according to grouting amount, and uninterrupted continuously.In the process of slip casting because the vibration of Grouting Pipe can cause the aperture building stones to sink, constantly feed supplement and recharge operation in the slip casting process, Grouting Pipe can repeat recycling.Perhaps, can in the stake point, preset Grouting Pipe, treat pile after, according to actual conditions, the stake end is carried out slip casting, improve a stake end soil mass property, give full play to its end resistance, improve vertical load-carrying properties.A kind of novel ground stabilization mode that has absorbed the advantage separately of plastic sleeve concrete pile, slurry bonded dispersed body material stake, 2D worker's method and formed.
The utility model has had These characteristics simultaneously, has therefore significantly improved load-carrying properties and pile quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1-granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve structural representation with holes;
Fig. 2-granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve sugarcoated haws pile body structural representation with holes;
Fig. 3-Grouting Pipe slip casting;
The sharp structural representation of Fig. 4-stake.
Among the figure: 1-pile cover, 2-ripple plastic sleeve, 3-be counter filters compass, 9-precast pile tip, 10-Grouting Pipe, 11-sleeve pipe socket, 12-spill annulus, the 13-step platform that perforate, 5-plastic bushing joint, the solid pellet pile body of 6-slurry, 7-pile body periphery slurries diffusion region, 8-plastic bushing tapping slurries on geotextiles or filter cloth, the 4-ripple plastic sleeve diffuse to form.
The specific embodiment
Perforated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile stake point Mold Making precast pile tip 9 with special development; Be ready to ripple plastic sleeve 2, sleeve pipe 2 be by designing requirement along pile body by the perforate of 80cm spacing, aperture 5cm, sleeve pipe 2 segmentations are connected firmly with special joint and PVC bonding adhesive glue by 20 meters of designing pile lengths, wrap up with geotextiles 3 at the side-wall hole place, then the plastic bushing 2 of slightly being longer than designing pile length is connected closely with prefabricated concrete stake point 9, forms the hemi-closure space of upper opening; Lifting sets machine immersed tube to 2 meter height, and the plastic bushing 2 that will connect the stake point with rope is drawn in the immersed tube, and unlatching sets machine align piles position and sets to 20 meters of projected depths; Promote immersed tube, 9 of 2 points of plastic bushing are stayed in the ground; Following Grouting Pipe 10 is also thrown in pellet in sleeve pipe 2; As Fig. 3, open grouting equipment, slip casting begins to pull out Grouting Pipe 10 after having slurries to emerge to the stake top, limit tube drawing marginal not slurry, and mend and to fill out pellet and recharge, under certain grouting pressure effect, the pellet in the sleeve pipe 2 forms the solid pellet pile body 6 of slurry, and the geotextiles 3 that is wrapped in 2 hole weeks of sleeve pipe is washed open, slurries form slurries diffusion region 7 to the pile peripheral earth infiltration, effectively all soil nature matter of improvement stake; Perhaps grouting pressure is not washed geotextiles 3 open, and under pressure, geotextiles 3 is outwards outstanding to expand, and forms the sugarcoated haws pile body of similar compass 8 shapes, can improve the native contact performance of stake equally, places pile cover mould, cast-in-place concrete pile cover 1 on the pile body top; After treating that pile body and pile cover reach dried tenacity, lay reinforcement material and sand-gravel cushion, form composite foundation.
Principle of the present utility model and technology can be widely used in the various grounds processing.
The claimed scope of the utility model is not restricted to foregoing description.

Claims (2)

1. granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with holes, it is characterized in that it is by pile cover (1), ripple plastic sleeve (2), geotextiles or filter cloth (3), casing joint (5), the solid pellet pile body (6) of slurry, stake point (9) constitutes, wherein fixedly connected with pile cover (1) in the top of ripple plastic sleeve (2), fixedly connected with stake point (9) in the bottom, perforate (4) is arranged on the tube wall of ripple plastic sleeve (2), every joint ripple plastic sleeve (2) is fixedly connected with plastic bushing joint (5), ripple plastic sleeve (2) outsourcing geotextiles or filter cloth (3), throw in pellet in the ripple plastic sleeve (2) and carry out slip casting, form the solid pellet pile body (6) of slurry, in the pile body periphery is slurries diffusion region (7), perhaps geotextiles or filter cloth (3) are outwards outstanding under grouting pressure expands, and forms the sugarcoated haws pile body of compass shape (8).
2. ripple plastic sleeve grouting pile with holes according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described stake point (9) is reinforced concrete structure, be conical, center upper portion is provided with the sleeve pipe socket that the PVC material is made, also can adopt other plastic bushings and flexible porous tube (11), the bottom of ripple plastic sleeve (2) is inserted in the sleeve pipe socket (11), and gluing or adopt super glue or holdfast fixedly connected with the PVC cementing agent, be provided with a spill annulus (12) or establish the platform (13) of a step in the periphery of sleeve pipe socket (11).
CN2009200367937U 2009-02-25 2009-02-25 Corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with hole Expired - Fee Related CN201411687Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200367937U CN201411687Y (en) 2009-02-25 2009-02-25 Corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with hole

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009200367937U CN201411687Y (en) 2009-02-25 2009-02-25 Corrugated plastic sleeve pipe granule grouting pile with hole

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101532290B (en) * 2009-02-25 2010-09-01 河海大学 Granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with hole for strengthening soft soil foundation and strengthening method
CN103711122A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-09 杭州江润科技有限公司 Cloth bag squeezing concrete branch pile and construction method
CN106284321A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 刘从波 A kind of construction method of composite pile foundation

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101532290B (en) * 2009-02-25 2010-09-01 河海大学 Granule grouting pile of ripple plastic sleeve with hole for strengthening soft soil foundation and strengthening method
CN103711122A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-09 杭州江润科技有限公司 Cloth bag squeezing concrete branch pile and construction method
CN106284321A (en) * 2016-08-17 2017-01-04 刘从波 A kind of construction method of composite pile foundation

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100224

Termination date: 20130225