CN201350699Y - Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine - Google Patents

Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201350699Y
CN201350699Y CNU2008202279438U CN200820227943U CN201350699Y CN 201350699 Y CN201350699 Y CN 201350699Y CN U2008202279438 U CNU2008202279438 U CN U2008202279438U CN 200820227943 U CN200820227943 U CN 200820227943U CN 201350699 Y CN201350699 Y CN 201350699Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
briquetting
vertical shaft
head
shaped flat
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008202279438U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵理
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNU2008202279438U priority Critical patent/CN201350699Y/en
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Publication of CN201350699Y publication Critical patent/CN201350699Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A flat-mode biomass briquetting machine consists of a framework, a briquetting machine head, a pulling device of the briquetting machine head, a speed reducing mechanism of the briquetting machine head and an inclined material receiving hopper, wherein the briquetting machine head is mounted on the framework and the inclined material receiving hopper is connected with lower discharge holes under the briquetting machine head. The briquetting machine head comprises a vertical shaft, a mounting shaft sleeve of the vertical shaft, a ring-shaped flat mold, a briquetting wheel, a head box and a head cover, wherein the ring-shaped flat mold utilizes an outer protruding ring on the upper portion of the mounting shaft sleeve of the vertical shaft as a support, the briquetting wheel is horizontally sleeved on a briquetting wheel shaft at the upper end of the vertical shaft, disposed on the ring-shaped flat mold and arranged on the briquetting wheel shaft, the head box utilizes the ring-shaped flat mold as a support, and the head cover is equipped with a feeding hopper. The flat-mode biomass briquetting machine has the advantages of simple structure, convenient operation, low using abrasion and durability. Compared with the prior art, 1, the flat-mode briquetting machine is small in volume, low in processing expenses and low in manufacturing cost, 2, the flat-mode briquetting machine is high in production efficiency and low in energy consumption, 3, by utilizing ring-shaped flat mold with lower discharge holes with different apertures and shapes, block materials with different diamters and shapes can be produced, and crushing operation is saved when producing storage feeds for domestic animals such as cows and sheep, therefore, the flat-mode biomass briquetting machine is convenient in use.

Description

A kind of flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cuber that loose rural area abandoned biomass (as: stalk of crops, rattan, clever shell, branch, leaf, wood chip, wheat straw etc.) can be pressed into livestock storage feeds such as bigger patch fuel of density or cattle and sheep, particularly a kind of flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine.
Background technology
On March 21st, 2007, Chinese patent CN2880432Y disclosed a kind of biomass block-making machine that material can be pressed into block fuel, it comprises the frame that is horizontally disposed with main shaft, main shaft is provided with at least one eccentric bushing, also be provided with the sliding sleeve corresponding on the frame with eccentric bushing, be provided with slide bar in the sliding sleeve, be provided with bearing pin near main shaft one end on the slide bar, bearing pin and corresponding eccentric bushing flexibly connect with connecting rod respectively, the slide bar other end is provided with the jumper bar that drift is equipped with in the end, drift stretches in the operating room that is provided with on the frame, the top, operating room is provided with feed arrangement, be provided with in the operating room and the corresponding shaping mould of drift, it is big that the die cavity of shaping mould is import, go out young taper, the port of export of shaping mould connects the typing cover of peripheral hardware heater, the typing cover port of export is provided with cooling body, can be with agriculture and forestry organic waste material (as rice husk, wood chip, stalk, wheat straw etc.) be processed into block Solid fuel, the abandoned biomass that it all produced in a large number for rural area every year has found outlet, this not only helps economizing on resources, more can avoid many places still to adopt the way of burning to handle the pollution that abandoned biomass brings environment at present, not enough is this biomass block-making machine: 1, volume is big, the processing charges height, the cost height; 2, production efficiency is low, power consumption is high; 3, the lump material of Sheng Chaning, piece footpath should not be too little, as Solid fuel use can, but as livestocks such as cattle and sheep storage feed, to go fragmentation during use again, will bring inconvenience to use.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is the deficiency that overcomes above-mentioned biomass block machine technology, can will loose rural area abandoned biomass be pressed into the bigger patch fuel of density or not need the broken livestocks such as cattle and sheep of row to store the flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine of feed when using again and provide a kind of.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is: this energy does not need the flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine of broken livestocks such as the cattle and sheep storage feed of row again when loose rural area abandoned biomass is pressed into bigger patch fuel of density or use, it is by frame, rack-mounted briquetting head and actuator and reducing gear, the tilting receiving hopper of accepting briquetting head bottom discharge hole constitutes, its briquetting head comprises vertical shaft and axle sleeve is installed, outer bulge loop with vertical shaft installation shaft cover top is the ring-shaped flat mould of carriage, horizontal set is at the briquetting wheel shaft of vertical shaft upper end and be positioned at the top of ring-shaped flat mould and install briquetting wheel on the briquetting wheel shaft, with the ring-shaped flat mould is the head box of support and the nose shell that is provided with elevating hopper, offers up/down perforation and the equally distributed bottom discharge of lopping hole on the special-purpose ring-shaped flat mould; Described horizontal set can slide up and down along vertical shaft at the briquetting wheel shaft of vertical shaft upper end, by running through spinning its upper limit position of adjusting locked with bolts on the bulge loop outside vertical shaft top behind the briquetting wheel shaft from top to bottom; Ring flange is established in described nose shell lower edge, the head box upper edge that is provided with elevating hopper, uses bolted.Such abandoned biomass cuber, run through spinning adjusting locked with bolts briquetting wheel shaft upper limit position on the bulge loop outside vertical shaft top behind the briquetting wheel shaft by tuning, can adjust maximal clearance between briquetting wheel and ring-shaped flat mould and briquetting and take turns pressure abandoned biomass material on the ring-shaped flat mould.
The above-mentioned tilting receiving hopper of accepting briquetting head bottom discharge hole can be fixed on the frame, also can be installed on the frame by four jiaos support spring, and is equipped with vibrating motor and drives and to rock.
Installation and briquetting wheel the installation on briquetting wheel shaft of above-mentioned vertical shaft in it installs axle sleeve all installed by bearing.
When above-mentioned flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine is worked, actuator drives the vertical shaft rotation by reducing gear, vertical shaft rolls on the ring-shaped flat mould by the briquetting wheel shaft drive briquetting wheel of horizontal device on it, the abandoned biomass that drops on the ring-shaped flat mould is pulverized, and clamp-on in the up/down perforation of offering on the ring-shaped flat mould and the equally distributed bottom discharge of lopping hole, utilize the frictional resistance of abandoned biomass material and bottom discharge hole wall then, loose abandoned biomass material is squeezed into livestock storage feeds such as bigger patch fuel of density or cattle and sheep in discharge opening, and along with the abandoned biomass that drops on the ring-shaped flat mould is constantly pulverized, clamp-on the bottom discharge hole, the abandoned biomass material that is squeezed into piece will be constantly by extruding in the bottom discharge hole of offering on the ring-shaped flat mould; And along with the increase of the block abandoned biomass material length of extruding, the block abandoned biomass material fracture of extruding is weighed down down, drops on briquetting head below and accepts in the tilting receiving hopper in briquetting head bottom discharge hole, is derived by the receiving hopper discharging opening again.
This flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine provided by the utility model, simple in structure, easy and simple to handle, use light abrasion, durable, compared with prior art: 1, volume is little, processing charges is low, and cost is low; 2, the production efficiency height, the power consumption low; 3, use the ring-shaped flat mould in different apertures and difformity bottom discharge hole, can produce piece and directly vary in size and variform lump material, livestocks such as the cattle and sheep of production storage feed does not need row broken, easy to use when using again.
In addition, this machinery also is applicable to the processing of living beings in the domestic waste.
Description of drawings
The flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine structural representation that Fig. 1 is provided for the utility model embodiment.
The cuber header structure schematic diagram of the flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine that Fig. 2 is provided for the utility model embodiment.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing, this energy that the utility model embodiment is provided does not need the flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine of broken livestocks such as the cattle and sheep storage feed of row again when loose rural area abandoned biomass is pressed into bigger patch fuel of density or use, it is by frame 6, be installed in briquetting head 1 and actuator (motor) 7 and reducing gear 5 on the frame 6, accept the tilting receiving hopper 2 in briquetting head 1 bottom discharge hole and drive its vibrating motor that rocks 4 and constitute, its briquetting head 1 comprises vertical shaft 101 and axle sleeve 102 is installed, with the vertical shaft ring-shaped flat mould 103 that the outer bulge loop 102b on axle sleeve 102 tops is installed is carriage, horizontal set is at the briquetting wheel shaft 104 of vertical shaft 101 upper ends and be positioned at the top of ring-shaped flat mould 103 and install briquetting wheel 105 on briquetting wheel shaft 104, with ring-shaped flat mould 103 is the head box 108 of support and the nose shell 106 that is provided with elevating hopper, offer up/down perforation and the equally distributed bottom discharge of lopping hole 103a on the special-purpose ring-shaped flat mould 103, by the equally distributed bottom discharge orifice ring of lopping around ring-type in heating chamber 103c and around lopping equally distributed bottom discharge hole and heating chamber 103b outside the ring-type that is provided with, in the ring-type of ring-shaped flat mould 103, set up the electric heater unit (not shown) in the outer heating chamber separately, so that some difficult cold forming material is shaped under heated condition, the outer bulge loop 102b that ring-shaped flat mould 103 is installed axle sleeve 102 tops by screw and vertical shaft is fastening; Described horizontal set can slide up and down along vertical shaft 101 at the briquetting wheel shaft 104 of vertical shaft 101 upper ends, by running through briquetting wheel shaft 104 back spinnings 107 its upper limit positions of locking of the adjusting bolt on the bulge loop 101a outside vertical shaft 101 tops from top to bottom; Described head box 108 is with its support---ring-shaped flat mould 103 usefulness screws are fastening, and ring flange is established in nose shell 106 lower edges, head box 108 upper edges that are provided with elevating hopper, uses bolted; The described tilting receiving hopper 2 of accepting briquetting head 1 bottom discharge hole is installed on the frame 6 by four jiaos support spring 3, and will be equipped with and drive the upper end that the vibrating motor 4 that rocks is installed in tilting receiving hopper 2; Described vertical shaft installation axle sleeve 102 lower ends are provided with and are used for the ring flange 102a that briquetting head 1 is installed on frames 6.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine, by frame (6), be installed in briquetting head (1) and actuator (7) and reducing gear (5) on the frame (6), the tilting receiving hopper (2) of accepting briquetting head (1) bottom discharge hole constitutes, it is characterized in that: its briquetting head (1) is by vertical shaft (101) and axle sleeve (102) is installed, the outer bulge loop (102b) that axle sleeve (102) top is installed with vertical shaft is the ring-shaped flat mould (103) of carriage, horizontal set is at the briquetting wheel shaft (104) of vertical shaft (101) upper end and be positioned at the top of ring-shaped flat mould (103) and install briquetting wheel (105) on briquetting wheel shaft (104), with ring-shaped flat mould (103) is that the head box (108) of support and the nose shell (106) that is provided with elevating hopper constitute, and offers up/down perforation and the equally distributed bottom discharge of lopping hole (103a) on the special-purpose ring-shaped flat mould (103); Described horizontal set can slide up and down along vertical shaft (101) at the briquetting wheel shaft (104) of vertical shaft (101) upper end, locks its upper limit position by running through briquetting wheel shaft (104) back spinning adjusting bolt (107) on the bulge loop (101a) outside vertical shaft (101) top from top to bottom; Ring flange is established in described nose shell (106) lower edge, head box (108) upper edge that is provided with elevating hopper, uses bolted.
2, flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also offer on its special-purpose ring-shaped flat mould (103) by the equally distributed bottom discharge orifice ring of lopping around ring-type in heating chamber (103c) and around lopping equally distributed bottom discharge hole and heating chamber (103b) outside the ring-type that is provided with, set up electric heater unit separately in the inside and outside heating chamber of ring-type of ring-shaped flat mould (103), the outer bulge loop (102b) that ring-shaped flat mould (103) is installed axle sleeve (102) top by screw and vertical shaft is fastening.
3, flat-die type powdered biomass block-making machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: its tilting receiving hopper (2) of accepting briquetting head (1) bottom discharge hole is installed on the frame (6) by four jiaos support spring (3), and will be equipped with and drive the upper end that the vibrating motor (4) that rocks is installed in tilting receiving hopper (2).
CNU2008202279438U 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine Expired - Fee Related CN201350699Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202279438U CN201350699Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202279438U CN201350699Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201350699Y true CN201350699Y (en) 2009-11-25

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008202279438U Expired - Fee Related CN201350699Y (en) 2008-12-19 2008-12-19 Flat-mode biomass briquetting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201350699Y (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106040095A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-10-26 山东双鹤机械制造股份有限公司 Novel pressing wheel mechanism of flat die type granulation machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106040095A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-10-26 山东双鹤机械制造股份有限公司 Novel pressing wheel mechanism of flat die type granulation machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091125

Termination date: 20111219