CN201235608Y - Medical laser melting quick molding device for selected zone of implantation body investment pattern - Google Patents

Medical laser melting quick molding device for selected zone of implantation body investment pattern Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201235608Y
CN201235608Y CNU2008200505171U CN200820050517U CN201235608Y CN 201235608 Y CN201235608 Y CN 201235608Y CN U2008200505171 U CNU2008200505171 U CN U2008200505171U CN 200820050517 U CN200820050517 U CN 200820050517U CN 201235608 Y CN201235608 Y CN 201235608Y
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China
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laser
powder
lens
scanning
focusing
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CNU2008200505171U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨永强
吴伟辉
王淑范
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华南理工大学
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Publication of CN201235608Y publication Critical patent/CN201235608Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides an area selecting laser melting quick molding device of a medical implant wax mold, which comprises an upper computer, a laser focusing and scanning system and a powder laying system. The area selecting laser melting quick molding device of a medical implant wax mold is characterized in that the laser focusing and scanning system adopts an orderly scanning and focusing mode and comprises a laser, a beam expanding lens, an X axis scanning oscillation lens, a Y axis scanning oscillation lens and a focusing lens which are orderly connected by light paths, the laser adopts a radio-frequency CO2 laser of a TEM00 mold, the output power is less than or equal to 10 W, the wavelength is 10.6 mu m, the beam mass factor M2 is less than or equal to 1.2, the output light spot of the laser is less than or equal to 4 mm, the beam expanding multiple of the beam expanding lens is from 5 to 8 times, the response speed of the X axis scanning oscillation lens and the Y axis scanning oscillation lens is less than 1 ms, the focusing lens is the CO2 laser special F-8 lens, the scanning range is less than or equal to 100mm multiplied by 100 mm, and the focus is from 70 to 150 mm. The molded wax mold has compact tissues, has no need to be processed after wax penetration, can realize the miniaturization of molding devices, reduce the manufacture cost of the devices and shorten the molding time.

Description

The precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of medical implantation material wax mould
Technical field
The utility model relates to the manufacturing technology of medical implant, specifically is meant the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of medical implantation material wax mould.
Background technology
Current, medical implant has obtained using widely clinically, as artificial tooth, orthodontic appliance, bone defect repair piece, joint prosthesis, backbone correcting internal fixation system etc.These medical implant parts have characteristics such as degree with short production cycle, personalized is strong, complex structure, single and mini-batch production, and some traditional part processing technology (car, dig, mill, grind) are difficult to be competent at the making of medical implant part.
(Rapid Prototyping-RP) is the new technology that is taken the lead in developing by industrially developed country the later stage eighties 20th century to rapid shaping technique, its major technique feature is the agility of moulding and the complexity of molding structure, the three-dimensional CAD model that can will have labyrinth automatically, quickly is transformed into the product prototype of certain function or directly makes parts, thereby this technology is particularly suitable for the making of medical implant.
Rapid shaping technique has the kinds of processes method, wherein the comparative maturity that developed of precinct laser sintering for quick formation technology.This technology adopts powder-laying roller one deck powder to be tiled in the upper surface of molded part, earlier powder is preheating to a certain temperature under the weld point, control system control laser beam scans on bisque according to the cross section profile of current layer then, the temperature of powder is raise, low-melting composition fusing in the powder, by liquid-phase sintering, unfused composition is bondd, also make simultaneously when anterior layer with below in type part realization bonding.After a layer cross section sintering is intact, the thickness of a layer of workbench decline, powder-laying roller is spread one deck powder again in the above, carries out the sintering of a new figure layer cross section profile, until the moulding of finishing whole three-dimensional entity model.The material that can be used for precinct laser sintering is more, and commonly used have paraffin, nylon, Merlon, a metal dust etc.The characteristics of this technology are that manufacturing process is fairly simple, and the moulding material scope is wide, the stock utilization height, and low price need not supporting construction.
Because the general rapid shaping technique characteristics that the precinct laser sintering technology had both had fast, moulding is not influenced by the part complexity, have characteristics such as moulding process is simple, stock utilization is high, optional material is extensive again, thereby obtained extensive use in the medical implant field.
But the precinct laser sintering technology is based on the principle of sinter molding, and promptly sintering temperature is below material melting point, thereby the wax pattern porosity and looseness that is obtained also needs just can be used for casting through oozing the wax post processing.And adopt sintering process moulding wax-pattern usually, must carry out the preheating preliminary treatment, make the atmosphere temperature of forming room just can carry out sinter molding near sintering temperature, the existence of preheating device has increased the device fabrication cost, has also extended the whole sinter molding time.
In addition, in the current quick shaping process, majority need be converted into three-dimensional CAD model the STL form, carries out two dimension slicing again and obtains slice of data.But there is data redundancy in the STL formatted data, and file is huge; Lack topology information, the outstanding face of easy appearance, outstanding limit, point spread, mistakes such as face is overlapping, hole, and have wrap-around error, diagnose and the deficiency of repairing difficulty.This makes that the forming accuracy of resulting product prototype is not high in reality is shaped, and surface quality is bad.
The utility model content
The utility model has overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art with not enough, the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of medical implantation material wax mould is provided, it adopts the mode of fusing fully to realize moulding, moulding wax-pattern dense structure, need not to ooze the wax post processing, and can realize the moulding device miniaturization, reduce the device fabrication cost, shorten molding time.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: the device of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding method of this medical implantation material wax mould, comprise host computer, laser focusing and scanning system, powder paving system, described laser focusing and scanning system adopt the scanning back type of focusing earlier, and it comprises laser instrument, beam expanding lens, X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer, the condenser lens of light path connection successively; Described laser instrument adopts the radio frequency CO2 laser instrument of TEM00 mould, power output≤10W, wavelength 10.6 μ m, beam quality factor M2≤1.2, laser instrument output facula≤4mm; The expansion bundle multiple of beam expanding lens is 5~8 times; X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer response speed<1ms; Condenser lens is sweep limits≤100mm * 100mm, and focal length is the special-purpose F-θ of the CO2 laser lens of 70~150mm.
For realizing the utility model better, described powder paving system comprises moulding cylinder, dust feeder, power spreading device, the stepper motor of the piston servomotor of the control module of described host computer and described laser instrument, X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer, moulding cylinder, the stepper motor of dust feeder, power spreading device drives respectively and is connected, described power spreading device is located in the moulding cylinder, and dust feeder is located at the top of power spreading device.
The piston of described moulding cylinder adopts zero to contact design with casing wall, has guaranteed that elevating movement is not subjected to the frictional influence of piston and casing wall; It is the accurate screw mandrel of ± 1 μ m that the piston rod of described piston adopts precision.
Described power spreading device comprises powder-laying roller, two linear motion guide rails, described powder-laying roller is for making the roller that rolls of gyration around self axis, it is erected at two line slideway tops, and it is contactless between table plane, the parallelism error of powder-laying roller and table plane in stable remaining on ± 0.01mm, has guaranteed the stationarity of its motion in motion process.
The operation principle of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of this medical implantation material wax mould may further comprise the steps:
(1) the contour structures data of measurement patient organ are as the initial data of making corresponding medical implant;
(2) adopt three-dimensional CAD software that initial data is converted into three-dimensional CAD model, and carry out secondary operations (as dental implant being added orthodontic appliance, diseased organ being carried out shaping, removes unnecessary artificial tooth etc.), and then carry out slicing treatment, thereby obtain the two-dimentional cad data model of the multilayer section of medical implant;
(3) the two-dimentional cad data model to all sections carries out planning parameters of scanning paths, obtains the scanning path data of medical implant;
(4) scanning path data of this medical implant is imported to the host computer of precinct laser fusion rapid molding device, adopt the layering fast scanning method then, the paraffin powder is carried out precinct laser fusion rapid molding, thereby make described medical implantation material wax mould; Wherein, the focal beam spot diameter of laser≤100 μ m, sweep speed〉1m/s, sweep limits≤100mm * 100mm, described paraffin powder shop layer thickness≤50 μ m;
(5) take out described medical implantation material wax mould, its surperficial redundant paraffin power powder is cleared up.
Wherein, the CT tomoscan is adopted in the measurement of the contour structures data of the described patient's organ of step (1), or the direct scanning survey of non-contacting spatial digitizer, and described scanning accuracy is better than 0.02mm; The described raw data format of step (1) is the DICOM form; The described three-dimensional CAD software of step (2) is converted into three-dimensional CAD model with described initial data, and carries out secondary operations, directly carries out slicing treatment then, and described slicing processing does not relate to the STL formatted data; The two-dimentional cad data model of described section is CLI form or SSL form.
Described three-dimensional CAD software can adopt Mimics software.
The described layering fast scanning method of step (4) specifically may further comprise the steps:
(4.1) by PC control powder feeding and shop powder operation, carry out paraffin powder shop layer;
(4.2) host computer is according to described scanning path data, and the current paraffin powder of control laser scanning shop layer is melted in the paraffin powder in the constituency in the substrate fully;
(4.3) carry out step (4.1) and step (4.2) repeatedly, up to the scanning of finishing last one deck paraffin powder shop layer.
Described substrate has two kinds of situations, and when paraffin powder shop layer be ground floor, substrate was the moulding cylinder of precinct laser fusion rapid molding device, and when paraffin powder shop layer was other layer outside the ground floor, substrate was the preceding one deck paraffin powder bed that has melted.
Described laser is the CO2 laser of wavelength 10.6 μ m, and it is easy to be absorbed by nonmetallic materials; For improving formed precision and obtaining high laser power density, adopt the basic mode radio frequency CO2 laser of TEM00, to guarantee beam quality factor M2≤1.2, consider medical paraffin fusing point low (52~55 ℃) simultaneously and reduce weight of equipment and volume, laser power≤10W.
Described paraffin powder adopts common medical paraffin powder, and powder particle size≤20 μ m is to guarantee to cooperate shop powder precision and laser spot diameter.
The utility model has following advantage and effect with respect to prior art:
(1) medical implantation material wax mould adopts the moulding of precinct laser fusion principle, and the wax-pattern solid tissue densification of acquisition need not the follow-up wax that oozes and handles and can come into operation, and has both simplified the operation that wax-pattern is made, and also saves cost.
(2) forming process need use the following trickle gathering CO2 laser beam of 100 μ m, the shop bisque thick≤50 μ m, this makes this method can accurately discern fine structure, the medical implant that can moulding has labyrinth, wax-pattern dimensional accuracy after the moulding can reach ± 0.05mm, and surface roughness can reach 30 μ m~50 μ m.
(3) forming process need not preheating, need not atmosphere protection, thereby on the structural design of forming room, has saved preheating device, heat-proof device, feeder and gas check, has reduced forming room's size greatly, helps realizing the moulding device miniaturization.
(4) equipment adopts miniaturization and The visual design: equipment design small volume and less weight, can carry easily.Parts of appliance such as control system, forming room, scanning system are fully integrated a frame inside; and launch design at paraffin powder smelting moulding medical implantation material wax mould function specially; without preheating device and Design on thermal insulation; the gas-protection-free device; no laser water-cooling system (laser instrument adopts air-cooled), the system architecture compactness.Forming room's wall material is a transparent organic glass, has both alleviated weight of equipment, also makes equipment more attractive in appearance, also makes things convenient for the user to check forming process, in addition, also is that the user provides visualized operation with the LCD, and this greatly facilitates the user and uses.
(5) for preventing thermal deformation, sweep speed surpasses 1m/s, and because powder need not preheating, thereby shaping efficiency is very high.
(6) adopt that to have the three-dimensional CAD software (as Mimics) that can carry out three-dimensional reconstruction and direct slicing function to the DICOM formatted data be that three-dimensional entity model carries out secondary operations with the two-dimensional ct data conversion of DICOM form, direct slicing is two-dimentional synusia data (CLI form or SSL forms) again, be converted into the scanning path data driving arrangement at last, improve the flexibility of doctor greatly, also improve data processing precision greatly patient's diagnosis and treatment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the fundamental diagram of the utility model medical implantation material wax mould precinct laser fusion rapid molding device;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model medical implantation material wax mould precinct laser fusion rapid molding device;
Fig. 3 is the left TV structure schematic diagram of medical implantation material wax mould precinct laser fusion rapid molding device shown in Figure 2;
Fig. 4 is that the A-A of medical implantation material wax mould precinct laser fusion rapid molding device shown in Figure 2 is to structural representation;
Fig. 5 is that the B-B of medical implantation material wax mould precinct laser fusion rapid molding device shown in Figure 2 is to structural representation;
Fig. 6 is that G shown in Figure 5 is to structural representation;
Fig. 7 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in C shown in Figure 2 place;
Fig. 8 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in D shown in Figure 2 place;
Fig. 9 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in E shown in Figure 3 place;
Figure 10 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram in F shown in Figure 3 place;
Figure 11 is the local structure for amplifying schematic diagram of powder feeding hopper 14b shown in Figure 2.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described in further detail, but embodiment of the present utility model is not limited thereto.
As shown in Figure 1, the device of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding method of this medical implantation material wax mould, comprise host computer 1, laser focusing and scanning system, powder paving system, described laser focusing and scanning system adopt the scanning back type of focusing earlier, and it comprises laser instrument 3, beam expanding lens 4, X-axis scanning galvanometer 5, Y-axis scanning galvanometer 6, the condenser lens 7 of light path connection successively; Described laser instrument 3 adopts the radio frequency CO2 laser instrument of TEM00 mould, power output≤10W, wavelength 10.6 μ m, beam quality factor M2≤1.2, laser instrument output facula≤4mm; The expansion bundle multiple of beam expanding lens 4 is 5~8 times; X-axis scanning galvanometer 5, Y-axis scanning galvanometer 6 response speeds<1ms; Condenser lens 7 is sweep limits≤100mm * 100mm, and focal length is the special-purpose F-θ of the CO2 laser lens of 70~150mm.Laser through beam expanding lens 4 expansion bundles and behind scanning galvanometer 5,6, is radiated on the focus lamp 7 after laser instrument 3 outputs, focuses on working face then, by the two dimensional surface motion of scanning galvanometer 5,6, the accurate location of realizing laser facula.
According to formula: D min ≈ 4 λ M 2 f πn D 0 ,
Wherein, Dmin is the focal beam spot diameter, M2 is a beam quality factor, λ is an optical maser wavelength, n is the beam expanding lens multiple, and f is the focal length of lens, and this laser focuses on and scanning system can obtain the trickle focussed laser beam that the minimum light spot diameter is 68 μ m in theory, can obtain to surpass the laser power density of 2.0 * 105W/cm2 on focussing plane, this has guaranteed also can melt low-melting olefin material easily under the scanning situation fast.
In the device of the precinct laser fusion rapid molding method of this medical implantation material wax mould, as shown in Figure 1, 2, described powder paving system comprises moulding cylinder 10, dust feeder 14, power spreading device 11, the stepper motor of the servomotor of the control module of described host computer 1 and described laser instrument 3, X-axis scanning galvanometer 5, Y-axis scanning galvanometer 6, moulding cylinder 10, the stepper motor of dust feeder 14, power spreading device 11 drives respectively and is connected, described power spreading device 11 is located in the moulding cylinder 10, and dust feeder 14 is located at the top of power spreading device 11.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the piston 10d of described moulding cylinder 10 adopts zero to contact design with casing wall 10e, has guaranteed that elevating movement is not subjected to the frictional influence of piston 10d and casing wall 10e; It is the accurate screw mandrel of ± 1 μ m that the piston rod of described piston 10d adopts precision.The elevating movement of the piston 10d of moulding cylinder 10 is driven by servomotor 10a and is encapsulated in that precision is the accurate screw mandrel of ± 1 μ m in the screw mandrel cover 10b, realizes to promote piston 10d lifting.Screw mandrel cover 10b is fixed on above the casing wall 10e by cylinder cap 10c.The screw mandrel end of stretching out from screw mandrel cover 10b is connected with piston 10d by screw thread.The lifting precision of piston 10d plays a key effect to formed precision, C place section as Fig. 2 amplifies promptly shown in Figure 7, for the lifting precision of avoiding piston 10d is subjected to influence with casing wall 10e frictional resistance, piston 10d and casing wall 10e adopt contactless design, and adopt spring 10f to compress ox-hide 10g between piston 10d and casing wall 10e, in cylinder, spill to prevent powder 13 with the slit between packed-piston 10d and casing wall 10e.
As Fig. 2,3,5,6 and Fig. 8,9,10 D place, E place, F place section shown in, power spreading device 11 by synchronous band drive linear motion guide rail 11a, guide rail drive motors 11b, do not have the linear motion guide rail of driving 11c, shop powder dolly 11d forms.And shop powder dolly comprises parts such as powder-laying roller 11d1, powder blocking plate 11d2, dolly crossbeam 11d3, cart stationary plate 11d4 and 11d5, rolling bearing 11d7 and 11d12, powder-laying roller drive motors 11d9, shaft coupling 11d10, bearing mount pad 11d6 and 11d11, bearing (ball) cover 11d8, dust-proof seal ring 11d13.Because shop powder dolly 11d is installed on the two parallel Precision Linear Moving guide rails, dolly and workbench 18 planes (as shown in Figure 2) are contactless, thereby can guarantee very high robust motion, by meticulous adjusting, the parallelism error that can guarantee 18 of powder-laying roller 11d1 and workbench is in motion process in stable remaining on ± 0.01mm.Powder-laying roller 11d1 is connected with dolly crossbeam 11d3 by two rolling bearing 11d7,11d12, and rolling bearing 11d7,11d12 exposed parts have all adopted dust-proof seal ring 11d13, enters bearing 11d7 and 11d12 influence shop powder precision to prevent wax powder 13.
Powder-laying roller drive motors 11d9 drives powder-laying roller 11d1 by shaft coupling 11d10 and does gyration, realizes the elevator and the spreading of wax powder in the powder process of shop, and powder blocking plate 11d2 plays and stops that the powder of rolling falls the effect on the powder plane of having completed.
The laying campaign that the motion of power spreading device 11 and the accurate elevating movement of aforesaid moulding cylinder 10 match and just can realize powder, above-mentioned design has guaranteed that equipment has good shop mealiness can (powder layer thickness evenly, surfacing), paraffin powder 13 shop layer thickness≤50 μ m.
As Fig. 1,2,4 and shown in Figure 11, dust feeder 14 is made up of bucket 14a, powder feeder 14b, blanking tube 14c.Powder feeder 14b can be by being installed in the conveying of the stepper motor realization powder quantitatively on page wheel shaft, because the stepper motor that is adopted has bigger location torque, when stepper motor stops, powder being enclosed in the cavity between powder feeder 14b and the bucket 14a, prevent that powder from continuing to spill.For guaranteeing page or leaf wheel 19 and powder feeder 14b inwall not because of friction causes big wear extent, thereby influence sealing property, each page of page or leaf wheel 19 is not held abrasive rubber backing plate 20 all is installed, and powder feeder 14b inwall also passes through cure process, with the raising anti-wear performance.
For reclaiming the unnecessary paraffin powder that shop powder dolly 11d takes the guide rail end of travel to, the equipment design has a small and exquisite collection powder funnel 15 (as shown in Figure 2), one valving 21 is arranged at these funnel 15 bottoms, after funnel 15 fills with the paraffin powder, valve 21 can be opened, paraffin powder 13 be reclaimed reuse.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, the control module of this device all is installed in the switch board 16, this switch board 16 all is integrated in the frame 17 with other parts of equipment, to save the device space, and the wall material of the forming room 12 of frame 17 is a transparent organic glass, both alleviate weight of equipment, and also made equipment more attractive in appearance, and also made things convenient for the user to check forming process.Scanning galvanometer control card, motor-driven card, host computer 1b, laser dc source all are placed in three chests of isolating mutually of switch board 16, forceful electric power and weak current part have adopted strict EMC Design, adopt the control module that is installed in host computer that laser instrument 3, X-axis scanning galvanometer 5, Y-axis scanning galvanometer 6, moulding cylinder 10, dust feeder 14, power spreading device 11 are carried out integrated coordination control.LCD 1a, computor-keyboard, mouse are placed on the equipment upper cover plate, and the user can carry out visualized operation to equipment easily.
As shown in Figure 1, the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of this medical implantation material wax mould, its course of work of making medical implantation material wax mould is:
(1) adopt the CT tomoscan, or the contour structures data of the direct scanning survey patient of non-contacting spatial digitizer organ, described scanning accuracy is better than 0.02mm, obtains the original DICOM formatted data of medical implant;
(2) adopt and to the three-dimensional CAD software (as Mimics) that the DICOM formatted data is carried out three-dimensional reconstruction and direct slicing initial data to be converted into three-dimensional CAD model, and carry out secondary operations (as dental implant being added orthodontic appliance, diseased organ being carried out shaping, removes unnecessary artificial tooth etc.), directly carry out slicing treatment then, slicing processing does not relate to the STL formatted data, obtains the two-dimentional cad data model (CLI form or SSL form) of the multilayer section of medical implant;
(3) the two-dimentional cad data model to all sections carries out planning parameters of scanning paths, obtains the scanning path data of medical implant;
(4) the scanning path data model 2 of this medical implant is imported to the host computer 1 of precinct laser fusion rapid molding device, adopt the layering fast scanning method then, paraffin powder 13 is carried out precinct laser fusion rapid molding, thereby make described medical implantation material wax mould 9;
Wherein, the focal beam spot diameter of laser 8≤100 μ m, sweep speed〉1m/s, sweep limits≤100mm * 100mm, described paraffin powder 13 shop layer thickness≤50 μ m; Described laser is the basic mode radio frequency CO2 laser of TEM00, laser power≤10W, wavelength 10.6 μ m, beam quality factor M2≤1.2; Described paraffin powder 13 adopts common medical paraffin powder, and powder particle size≤20 μ m is to guarantee to cooperate shop powder precision and laser spot diameter.
Wherein, the described layering fast scanning method of step (4) specifically may further comprise the steps:
(4.1) by host computer 1 control powder feeding and shop powder operation, carry out paraffin powder shop layer;
(4.2) host computer 1 is according to described scanning path data, and the current paraffin powder of control laser 8 scannings shop layer is melted in the paraffin powder 13 in the constituency in the substrate fully; Substrate has two kinds of situations, and when paraffin powder shop layer be ground floor, substrate was the moulding cylinder of precinct laser fusion rapid molding device, and when paraffin powder shop layer was other layer outside the ground floor, substrate was the preceding one deck paraffin powder bed that has melted;
(4.3) carry out step (4.1) and step (4.2) repeatedly, up to the scanning of finishing last one deck paraffin powder shop layer.
(5) medical implantation material wax mould 9 is taken out, remove the superincumbent unnecessary paraffin powder 13 of clean adhesion gently, obtain can be used for the wax-pattern of medical implant with hairbrush.
As mentioned above, just can realize the utility model preferably, the foregoing description is preferred embodiment of the present utility model only, is not to be used for limiting practical range of the present utility model; Be that all equalizations of being done according to the utility model content change and modification, all contained by the utility model claim scope required for protection.

Claims (6)

1, the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of medical implantation material wax mould, comprise host computer, laser focusing and scanning system, powder paving system, it is characterized in that: described laser focusing and scanning system adopt the scanning back type of focusing earlier, and it comprises laser instrument, beam expanding lens, X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer, the condenser lens of light path connection successively; Described laser instrument adopts the radio frequency CO2 laser instrument of TEMOO mould, power output≤10W, wavelength 10.6 μ m, beam quality factor M2≤1.2, laser instrument output facula≤4mm; The expansion bundle multiple of beam expanding lens is 5~8 times; X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer response speed<1ms; Condenser lens is sweep limits≤100mm * 100mm, and focal length is the special-purpose F-θ of the CO2 laser lens of 70~150mm.
2, according to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of the described medical implantation material wax mould of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described powder paving system comprises moulding cylinder, dust feeder, power spreading device, the stepper motor of the piston servomotor of the control module of described host computer and described laser instrument, X-axis scanning galvanometer, Y-axis scanning galvanometer, moulding cylinder, the stepper motor of dust feeder, power spreading device drives respectively and is connected, described power spreading device is located in the moulding cylinder, and dust feeder is located at the top of power spreading device.
3, according to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of the described medical implantation material wax mould of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the piston of described moulding cylinder adopts zero to contact design with casing wall.
4, according to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of the described medical implantation material wax mould of claim 3, it is characterized in that: the piston rod of described piston adopts the accurate screw mandrel of precision for ± 1 μ m.
5, according to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of the described medical implantation material wax mould of claim 2, it is characterized in that: described power spreading device comprises powder-laying roller, two linear motion guide rails, described powder-laying roller is for making the roller that rolls of gyration around self axis, it is erected at two line slideway tops, and contactless between table plane.
6, according to the precinct laser fusion rapid molding device of the described medical implantation material wax mould of claim 5, it is characterized in that: the parallelism error of described powder-laying roller and table plane is in ± the 0.01mm.
CNU2008200505171U 2008-07-10 2008-07-10 Medical laser melting quick molding device for selected zone of implantation body investment pattern CN201235608Y (en)

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CN101310964B (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-08-11 华南理工大学 Selective laser fusion rapid molding method and device of medical implantation material wax mould
CN101856724A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-10-13 华南理工大学 Selective laser melting forming device and method of medical magnesium alloy metal part
CN102266942A (en) * 2011-07-15 2011-12-07 华中科技大学 Selective laser melting rapid forming device for directly manufacturing large-size parts
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CN101310964B (en) * 2008-07-10 2010-08-11 华南理工大学 Selective laser fusion rapid molding method and device of medical implantation material wax mould
CN101856724A (en) * 2010-06-13 2010-10-13 华南理工大学 Selective laser melting forming device and method of medical magnesium alloy metal part
CN101856724B (en) * 2010-06-13 2012-07-18 华南理工大学 Selective laser melting forming device and method of medical magnesium alloy metal part
CN102266942A (en) * 2011-07-15 2011-12-07 华中科技大学 Selective laser melting rapid forming device for directly manufacturing large-size parts
CN103071798A (en) * 2013-01-23 2013-05-01 西安铂力特激光成形技术有限公司 Linear guide rail type SLM (Selective Laser Melting) molding equipment
CN103071798B (en) * 2013-01-23 2015-11-18 西安铂力特激光成形技术有限公司 Linear guide rail type selective laser melting SLM former
US10252333B2 (en) 2013-06-11 2019-04-09 Renishaw Plc Additive manufacturing apparatus and method
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