CN206662270U - Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device - Google Patents

Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206662270U
CN206662270U CN201720397633.XU CN201720397633U CN206662270U CN 206662270 U CN206662270 U CN 206662270U CN 201720397633 U CN201720397633 U CN 201720397633U CN 206662270 U CN206662270 U CN 206662270U
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China
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support
fixed
stepper motor
screw
ball
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴文征
蒋吉利
李桂伟
蒋浩
刘巍
张冰
曲兴田
赵继
任露泉
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Jilin University
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Jilin University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

A kind of ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device is the utility model is related to, belongs to increases material manufacturing technology field.Shaping chamber system and paper matrix kinematic system are located in frame and are fixed on its bottom plate, and powdering system is positioned at the top of shaping chamber system and is fixed on intermediate support plate, and mobile Ultrasonic Welding System and laser scanning diced system are fixed in the top support plate of frame.The utility model need not be using the high energy emitter such as high power laser, electron beam, friction energy, deformation energy and the limited heating that can be converted into ultrasonic vibration under static pressure between dusty material;The residual stress of part formed thereby is very small with thermal deformation, and interatomic combination between powder particle can be achieved;The increasing material manufacturing of high duty metal or nonmetallic 3 d part, the increasing material manufacturing for the amorphous metallic material that is particularly suitable for use in can be achieved.With in forming process without protective gas, without complicated aftertreatment technology after shaping, the advantages that forming accuracy is high.

Description

Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to increases material manufacturing technology field, more particularly to a kind of ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, Ultrasonic vibration can be converted into friction energy, deformation energy and the limited heating between powder particle and sedimentary under static pressure, Interatomic combination between powder particle is realized, for the direct near-net-shape of high intensity entity component, be particularly suitable for use in amorphous state The increasing material manufacturing of metal powder material.
Background technology
Based on the increases material manufacturing technology of the direct near-net-shape of dusty material, because its moulding material is extensive, formation of parts mechanics The advantages that excellent performance, and it is widely used in military project, Aero-Space, automobile, biologic medical, education and cultural and clothes etc. Field, the increases material manufacturing technology based on the direct near-net-shape of dusty material mainly have powder bed sintered type increases material manufacturing technology And binding agent injecting type increases material manufacturing technology (3DP) (SLS/SLM/EBM).
Powder bed sintered type increases material manufacturing technology, one layer of dusty material is spread with roller on the table first, is then calculated Two-dimensional scan track of the machine according to the slicing profile line number of mould shape according to control high energy beam, selectively sintering solid dusty material with An aspect of workpiece is formed, the powder in Non-scanning mode area is still in fluffy, as the support of workpiece and next layer of powder, one layer After the completion of shaping, workbench declines the height of a cross-sectional layers, then carries out next layer of stone and sintering, so circulation, finally Form 3 D workpiece.But material is oxidized easily the auxiliary process, it is necessary to more complicated, working chamber's vacuum level requirements when it shapes The price of height, laser and dusty material is higher, and equipment operation and maintenance cost are higher, and remaining answer easily is produced in forming process Power, exemplar buckling deformation, because high energy beam energy is higher, it is difficult to direct forming amorphous metallic material.
Binding agent injecting type increases material manufacturing technology, first powdering mechanism accurately spread a thin layer powder on processing platform Material, then ink jet-print head one layer of special glue is sprayed on powder according to the cross sectional shape of this layer, be sprayed onto glue Thin layer powder solidifies, and then repaves one layer of powder, and printhead is pressed the shape glue spraying water in next section, is so layering, Finished until all layers of printing of whole part.But its formation of parts low intensity, need to part carry out degreasing, pressureless sintering, HIP sintering and molten ooze etc. heighten the post processing of its obdurability, it is difficult to realize the increasing material manufacturing of large volume densification part, shape The surface accuracy of part and dimensional accuracy are poor afterwards.
In summary, the existing increasing material manufacturing device based on the direct near-net-shape of dusty material, powder bed sintered type increase Material is oxidized easily the auxiliary process, it is necessary to more complicated when material manufacture device shapes, and working chamber's vacuum level requirements are high, big work( The price of rate laser and dusty material is higher, and equipment operation and maintenance cost are higher, and remaining answer easily is produced in forming process Power, exemplar buckling deformation, because high energy beam energy is higher, it is difficult to direct forming amorphous metallic material;Binding agent injecting type increases Material manufacture device formation of parts low intensity, degreasing, pressureless sintering, HIP sintering and molten ooze etc. need to be carried out to part and heightens it Obdurability post-processes, it is difficult to realizes the increasing material manufacturing of large volume densification part, the surface accuracy and dimensional accuracy of part after shaping It is poor.The utility model is exactly the present situation for the increasing material manufacturing device of the direct near-net-shape of current dusty material, be have developed not Need to introduce high temperature heat source, the friction energy converted vibrational energy under static pressure between metal dust, deformation to building mortion Energy and limited heating, shaping exemplar do not have residual stress, and almost without thermal deformation, interatomic knot between powder particle can be achieved Close, direct near-net-shape high-strength three-dimensional entity exemplar, moulding material is extensive, without protective gas, shaping essence in forming process Degree is high, without complicated aftertreatment technology, the low ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device of equipment operation maintenance cost after shaping.
The content of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, existing direct based on dusty material to solve Material is oxidized easily the auxiliary process, it is necessary to more complicated, working chamber's vacuum during the increasing material manufacturing device shape of near-net-shape It is required that high, the price of laser and high standard dusty material is higher, and equipment operation and maintenance cost are higher, in forming process easily Residual stress is produced, exemplar buckling deformation, the dimensional accuracy of part is poor after shaping, it is difficult to direct forming amorphous metallic material The problem of.Friction energy, deformation energy and the limited heating converted vibrational energy under static pressure between metal dust, shape sample Part does not have residual stress, and almost without thermal deformation, interatomic combination between powder particle, direct near-net-shape high intensity can be achieved 3D solid exemplar, moulding material species is extensive, and the existing increases material manufacturing technology of shaping that is particularly suitable for use in is difficult to the non-of direct forming Crystalline metallic material.
The utility model adopts the technical scheme that,
Including frame, shaping chamber system, powdering system, mobile Ultrasonic Welding System, laser scanning diced system and paper matrix Kinematic system, described shaping chamber system and paper matrix kinematic system are located in frame and positioned at the top of its bottom plate, described paving Powder system is positioned at the top of shaping chamber system and is fixed on intermediate support plate, and described mobile Ultrasonic Welding System and laser are swept Diced system is retouched to be fixed in the top support plate of frame.
Described frame is made up of framework, bottom plate, intermediate support plate, top support plate and waste paper receiver, and bottom plate is fixed In the bottom of framework, intermediate support plate, which is bolted, to be fixed on two among framework crossbeams, and top support plate passes through Bolt connection is fixed on frame roof crossbeam, and waste paper receiver, which is bolted, to be fixed on bottom plate.
Described shaping chamber system by for powder cylinder elevating mechanism, for powder cylinder, working chamber, Powder Recovery cylinder, Powder Recovery cylinder Elevating mechanism and working chamber's elevating mechanism composition, the centre that frame is fixed on for powder cylinder, working chamber and Powder Recovery cylinder In supporting plate, the bottom plate of frame is both secured to for powder cylinder elevating mechanism, Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism and working chamber's elevating mechanism On, described is identical with Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism structure for powder cylinder elevating mechanism.
Described supplies powder cylinder elevating mechanism by linear bearing one, shell one, guide rod one, panel one, ball-screw and worm gear Worm mechanism one, yielding coupling one, stepper motor one and support one form, and described linear bearing one and shell one are fixed on On the bottom plate of frame, described guide rod one slides in linear bearing one, and counter plate one, which carries out guiding, makes panel one operate steadily, Described stepper motor one is attached by yielding coupling one and worm mechanism in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one, Rotated by stepper motor one and drive the worm screw in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one to rotate, and then driven in ball-screw Nut rotation so that leading screw vertically moves, described panel one is fixed on guide rod and ball-screw and worm and gear On the leading screw of mechanism one, described stepper motor one is fixed on support, and described support is fixed on the bottom plate of frame.
Described working chamber's elevating mechanism is by linear bearing two, shell two, guide rod two, panel two, ball-screw and worm gear Worm mechanism two, yielding coupling two, stepper motor two and support two form, and described linear bearing two and shell two are fixed on On the bottom plate of frame, described guide rail two slides in linear bearing two, and counter plate two, which carries out guiding, makes panel operate steadily, institute The stepper motor two stated is attached by yielding coupling two and worm mechanism in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear two, is passed through Stepper motor, which rotates, drives worm screw to rotate, and then drives the nut rotation in ball-screw so that leading screw vertically moves Dynamic, described panel two is fixed on the leading screw of guide rail two and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear two, described stepper motor Two are fixed on support two, and described support two is fixed on the bottom plate of frame.
Described powdering system is by motor base, stepper motor three, yielding coupling three, ball-screw support, feed rod one Support, powder-laying roller, feed rod one, ball-screw, feed rod two and the support composition of feed rod two, described motor base, ball-screw branch Support, feed rod one are supported and the support of feed rod two is each attached on the intermediate support plate of frame, and described feed rod one and feed rod two are distinguished It is fixed in the support of feed rod one and the support of feed rod two, described stepper motor three is connected by yielding coupling three with ball-screw Connect, drive powder-laying roller to be moved on feed rod, described ball-screw is fixed in ball-screw support by bearing, ball-screw In nut be fixedly connected with powder-laying roller, the linear bearing in described feed rod one and feed rod two is fixedly connected with powder-laying roller;
Described powdering rolling by stepper motor four, stepper motor base, yielding coupling four, shell three and powder roller group into, Described stepper motor four is fixedly connected by stepper motor base with shell three, and described stepper motor four passes through elastic shaft coupling Device four is connected with powder roller, drives powder roller to rotate.
Described mobile Ultrasonic Welding System is by spring, feed rod mechanism one, ball screw framework, cylinder, guide rod three, feed rod Mechanism two, stepper motor five, bearing, framework and ultrasonic horn composition, described spring are compressed along guide rod three, given super Sonic soldering head makes ultrasonic horn keep stable in vertical direction when not working with holding power, described feed rod mechanism one and feed rod machine Structure two is supported and fixed in the top support plate of frame by respective respectively, in described feed rod mechanism one and feed rod mechanism two Linear bearing be fixed on framework, described ball screw framework is supported and fixed in the top support plate of frame, wherein Leading screw is fixed in its support by bearing, and the nut of ball screw framework is fixed on framework, and pneumatic cylinder is fixed on framework, Ultrasonic horn is connected with pneumatic cylinder, and described stepper motor is fixed on bearing, passes through yielding coupling and ball screw framework In leading screw connection, described stepper motor five drive leading screw rotate so that framework moves along two feed rods.
Described ultrasonic horn by soldering tip, ultrasonic transformer, ring flange one, ring flange two, transducer, casing, end cap, ear mount and Level tune button forms, and is bolted between described soldering tip, ultrasonic transformer and transducer, described ring flange one and flange Disk two is used to fix ultrasonic transformer and be connected through a screw thread to be fixed on casing, and described end cap is fixed on casing, the ear mount Being fixed on casing enables ultrasonic horn to be moved along guide rod three in vertical direction, and the Level tune button makes for adjusting soldering tip It is parallel with machined surface.
Described laser scanning diced system is by probe, optical element and small-power CO2Laser connection composition, is used for Scan incision paper wood.
Described paper matrix kinematic system is by the support of feed axle, stepper motor six, stepper motor support one, feed axle, feed Side cylinder, cylindrical support, paper wood, rewinding side cylindrical support, rewinding side cylinder, collecting shaft, collecting shaft support, the and of stepper motor seven The composition of stepper motor support two, the support of described feed axle, stepper motor support one, cylindrical support, rewinding side cylindrical support, receipts The support of material axle and stepper motor support two are each attached on the bottom plate of frame, and described stepper motor six and stepper motor seven are distinguished It is fixed in stepper motor support one and stepper motor support two, is connected respectively by yielding coupling and feed axle and collecting shaft Connect, drive both to rotate so as to realize the movement of paper wood, described feed axle and collecting shaft are fixed on feed by bearing respectively Axle supports and collecting shaft support, and described feed-side cylinder and rewinding side cylinder are used to ensureing paper wood in the horizontal direction smooth.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:Without needs the high energy such as high power laser, electron beam are introduced to building mortion Emitter, the friction energy converted vibrational energy under static pressure between metal dust, deformation energy and limited heating, shaping Exemplar residual stress and thermal deformation are very small, and interatomic combination between powder particle, direct near-net-shape high intensity three can be achieved Tie up entity exemplar;Moulding material is extensive, can shape the materials such as metal, plastics, ceramics, be particularly suitable for use in amorphous metal powder material The increasing material manufacturing of material;Without protective gas in forming process, exemplar non-oxidation, pollution-free, not damaged are shaped, need not be complicated after shape Aftertreatment technology, forming accuracy is high, and equipment operation maintenance cost is low.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is rack construction schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is working chamber's system structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is of the present utility model for powder cylinder elevating mechanism structural representation;
Fig. 5 is elevating mechanism structural representation in working chamber's of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is powdering system structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is powder-laying roller structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is mobile Ultrasonic Welding System structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 9 is ultrasonic horn structural representation of the present utility model;
Figure 10 is laser scanning diced system structural representation of the present utility model;
Figure 11 is paper matrix kinematic system structural representation of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, as shown in figure 1, including frame 1, shaping chamber system 2, powdering system 3, shifting Dynamic Ultrasonic Welding System 4, laser scanning diced system 5 and paper matrix kinematic system 6, described shaping chamber system 2 and paper matrix motion System 6 is located in frame 1 and is fixed on its bottom plate 102, and described powdering system 3 is positioned at the top of shaping chamber system 2 and consolidates It is scheduled on intermediate support plate 103, described mobile Ultrasonic Welding System 4 and laser scanning diced system 5 are fixed on the top of frame 1 In portion's supporting plate 104, described ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, metal powder is converted vibrational energy under static pressure Friction energy, deformation energy and limited heating between end, shaping exemplar do not have residual stress, and almost without thermal deformation, powder can be achieved Interatomic combination between last particle, direct near-net-shape high-strength three-dimensional entity exemplar, moulding material species is extensive, especially suitable It is difficult to the amorphous metallic material of direct forming in the existing increases material manufacturing technology of shaping.
Described frame 1 is by framework 101, bottom plate 102, intermediate support plate 103, top support plate 104 and waste paper receiver 105 compositions, as shown in Fig. 2 bottom plate 102 is fixed on the bottom of framework 101, intermediate support plate 103, which is bolted, to be fixed on On two crossbeams among framework 101, top support plate 104, which is bolted, to be fixed in the top cross-bar of framework 101, waste paper Receiver 105, which is bolted, to be fixed on bottom plate 102.
Described shaping chamber system 2 by for powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201, for powder cylinder 202, working chamber 203, Powder Recovery cylinder 204th, Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism 205 and working chamber's elevating mechanism 206 form, as shown in figure 3, it is described for powder cylinder 202, into Shape room 203 and Powder Recovery cylinder 204 are fixed on the intermediate support plate 103 of frame 1, for powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201, Powder Recovery Cylinder elevating mechanism 205 and working chamber's elevating mechanism 206 are both secured on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1, and described supplies powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201 is identical with Powder Recovery cylinder 203 structures of elevating mechanism.
Described working chamber's elevating mechanism 206 is identical with the motion principle for powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201, working chamber's lift The ratio of structure 206 supplies more than 201 two guide rods of powder cylinder elevating mechanism, specific as follows:
Described supplies powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201 by linear bearing 1, shell 1, guide rod 1, panel One 20104, ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 1, yielding coupling 1, stepper motor 1 and support One 20108 compositions, as shown in figure 4, described linear bearing 1 and shell 1 is fixed on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1 On, described guide rod 1 slides in linear bearing 1, and counter plate 1, which carries out guiding, makes panel operation flat Surely, described stepper motor 1 passes through yielding coupling 1 and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 1 Middle worm mechanism is attached, and is rotated and is driven in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 1 by stepper motor 1 Worm screw rotate, and then drive the nut rotation in ball-screw so that leading screw vertically moves, described panel one 20104 are fixed on the leading screw of guide rod 1 and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 1, described stepper motor One 20107 are fixed on support 1, and described support 1 is fixed on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1;
Described working chamber's elevating mechanism 206 is by linear bearing 2 20601, shell 2 20602, guide rod 2 20603, panel 2 20604, ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 2 20605, yielding coupling 2 20606, stepper motor 2 20607 and support 2 20608 compositions, as shown in figure 5, described linear bearing 2 20601 and shell 2 20602 is fixed on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1 On, described guide rail 2 20603 slides in linear bearing 2 20602, and counter plate 2 20604, which carries out guiding, makes panel operation flat Surely, described stepper motor 2 20607 passes through in yielding coupling 2 20606 and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 2 20605 Worm mechanism is attached, by stepper motor rotate drive worm screw rotate, and then drive ball-screw in nut rotation from And leading screw is vertically moved, described panel 2 20604 is fixed on guide rail 2 20603 and ball-screw and worm and gear On the leading screw of mechanism 2 20605, described stepper motor 2 20607 is fixed on support 2 20608, described support two 20608 are fixed on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1.
Described powdering system 3 is by motor base 301, stepper motor 3 302, yielding coupling 3 303, ball-screw branch Support 304, the support of feed rod one 305, powder-laying roller 306, feed rod 1, ball-screw 308, feed rod 2 309 and the support of feed rod two 310 Composition, as shown in fig. 6, described motor base 301, ball-screw support 304, the support of feed rod one 305 and the support of feed rod two 310 It is each attached on the intermediate support plate 103 of frame 1, described feed rod 1 and feed rod 2 309 are separately fixed at feed rod one and supported 305 and feed rod two support 310 on, described stepper motor 3 302 is connected by yielding coupling 3 303 with ball-screw 308 Connect, drive powder-laying roller 306 to be moved on feed rod, described ball-screw 308 is fixed on ball-screw support 304 by bearing On, the nut in ball-screw 308 is fixedly connected with powder-laying roller 306, the straight line in described feed rod 1 and feed rod 2 309 Bearing is fixedly connected with powder-laying roller 306.
Described powdering rolling 306 by stepper motor 4 30601, stepper motor base 30602, yielding coupling 4 30603, Shell 3 30604 and powder roller 30605 form, as shown in fig. 7, described stepper motor 4 30601 passes through stepper motor base 30602 are fixedly connected with shell 3 30604, and described stepper motor 4 30601 passes through yielding coupling 4 30603 and powder roller 30605 are connected, and drive powder roller 30605 to rotate.
Described mobile Ultrasonic Welding System 4 is by spring 401, feed rod mechanism 1, ball screw framework 403, cylinder 404th, guide rod 3 405, feed rod mechanism 2 406, stepper motor 5 407, bearing 408, framework 409 and ultrasonic horn 410 form, such as Shown in Fig. 8, described spring 401 is compressed along guide rod 3 405, and give ultrasonic horn 410 makes ultrasonic horn with holding power 410 keep stable when not working in vertical direction, and described feed rod mechanism 1 and feed rod mechanism 2 406 are respectively by each From be supported and fixed in the top support plate 104 of frame 1, it is straight in described feed rod mechanism 1 and feed rod mechanism 2 406 Bobbin, which is held, to be fixed on framework 409, the top support plate 104 for being supported and fixed on frame 1 of described ball screw framework 403 On, wherein leading screw is fixed in its support by bearing, and the nut of ball screw framework 403 is fixed on framework 409, pneumatic cylinder 404 are fixed on framework 409, and ultrasonic horn 410 is connected with pneumatic cylinder 404, and when welding workpiece, pneumatic cylinder 404 drives ultrasonic bond First 410 move downward and give machining area certain pressure, while ultrasonic transducer 41005 works, and drive the vibration of soldering tip 41001 to make powder Rubbed between end, so as to realize the combination between powder particle, described stepper motor 5 407 is fixed on bearing 408, passes through bullet Property shaft coupling be connected with the leading screw in ball screw framework 403, described stepper motor 407 drive leading screw rotate so that framework 409 move along two feed rods.
Described ultrasonic horn 410 by soldering tip 41001, ultrasonic transformer 41002, ring flange 1, ring flange 2 41004, Transducer 41005, casing 41006, end cap 41007, ear mount 41008 and Level tune button 41009 form, as shown in figure 9, described Soldering tip 41001, be bolted between ultrasonic transformer 41002 and transducer 41005, described ring flange 1 and method Blue disk 2 41004 is used to fix ultrasonic transformer 41002 and be connected through a screw thread to be fixed on casing 41006, described end cap 41007 It is fixed on casing 41006, the ear mount 41008, which is fixed on casing 41006, enables ultrasonic horn 410 along guide rod 3 405 Moved in vertical direction, the Level tune button 41009 makes it parallel with machined surface for adjusting soldering tip 41001.
Described laser scanning diced system 5 is by probe 501, optical element 502 and small-power CO2Laser 503 connects Composition is connect, as shown in Figure 10, for scan incision paper wood.
Described paper matrix kinematic system 6 is by feed axle support 601, stepper motor 6 602, stepper motor support 1, confession Expect axle 604, feed-side cylinder 605, cylindrical support 606, paper wood 607, rewinding side cylindrical support 608, rewinding side cylinder 609, receipts Expect axle 610, collecting shaft support 611, stepper motor 7 612 and the composition of stepper motor support 2 613, it is as shown in figure 11, described It is fed axle support 601, stepper motor support 603, cylindrical support 606, rewinding side cylindrical support 608, collecting shaft support 611 and step Stepper motor support 2 613 is each attached on the bottom plate 102 of frame 1,7 612 points of described stepper motor 6 602 and stepper motor It is not fixed in stepper motor support 1 and stepper motor support 2 613, passes through yielding coupling and feed axle 604 respectively Connected with collecting shaft 610, drive both to rotate so as to realize the movement of paper wood 607, described feed axle 604 and collecting shaft 610 Feed axle support 601 and collecting shaft support 611, described feed-side cylinder 605 and rewinding side circle are fixed on by bearing respectively Post 609 is used to ensure in the horizontal direction smooth of paper wood 607.
Operation principle:
(1) described ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device is used, in forming process, computer is cut according to shaping layer Facial contour information, the scan incision of control laser scanning diced system 5 removes the paper wood of respective cross-section outline entities part, after cutting Paper matrix kinematic system 6 rotates, and the paper matrix of well cutting goes to the top of working chamber 203;
(2) dusty material for preparing a shaping thickness is risen for powder cylinder elevating mechanism 201, powder-laying roller 306 rolls powder Powder material is filled paper matrix and is compacted, and unnecessary dusty material rolls into Powder Recovery cylinder 204;
(3) mobile Ultrasonic Welding System 4 carries out constituency welding according to the position of paper matrix packing material, after having shaped one layer, Ultrasonic Welding System 4 rises, and is back to original position;
(4) laser scanning diced system 5 cuts paper matrix along working chamber's Internal periphery, and working chamber declines the height of a shaping thickness Spend, the paper wood in working chamber continues as supporting construction;
(5) paper matrix kinematic system 6 transfers remaining paper wood and gets out paper wood for the shaping of new layer cross section profile, so It is layering, until finally having shaped Three-dimensional Entity Components.
Described ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, can ultrasonic constituency form metal, plastics and ceramic powder material, Be particularly suitable for use in the increasing material manufacturing of amorphous metal dusty material, and formed powder grain diameter is 1-500 μm, and shaping thickness is 1- 500μm。

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device, it is characterised in that:Including frame, shaping chamber system, powdering system, shifting Dynamic Ultrasonic Welding System, laser scanning diced system and paper matrix kinematic system, described shaping chamber system and paper matrix kinematic system In frame and it is fixed on its bottom plate, described powdering system is positioned at the top of shaping chamber system and is fixed on intermediate supports On plate, described mobile Ultrasonic Welding System and laser scanning diced system are fixed in the top support plate of frame.
  2. A kind of 2. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The frame is by frame Frame, bottom plate, intermediate support plate, top support plate and waste paper receiver composition, bottom plate are fixed on the bottom of framework, intermediate support plate It is bolted and is fixed on two among framework crossbeams, top support plate, which is bolted, is fixed on frame roof horizontal stroke Liang Shang, waste paper receiver, which is bolted, to be fixed on bottom plate.
  3. A kind of 3. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described working chamber System for powder cylinder elevating mechanism, for powder cylinder, working chamber, Powder Recovery cylinder, Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism and working chamber by lifting Mechanism forms, described to be fixed on for powder cylinder, working chamber and Powder Recovery cylinder on the intermediate support plate of frame, for powder cylinder lift Structure, Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism and working chamber's elevating mechanism are both secured on the bottom plate of frame, and described supplies powder cylinder lift Structure is identical with Powder Recovery cylinder elevating mechanism structure.
  4. A kind of 4. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Shape in chamber system For powder cylinder elevating mechanism by linear bearing one, shell one, guide rod one, panel one, ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one, bullet Property shaft coupling one, stepper motor one and support one are formed, and described linear bearing one and shell one are fixed on the bottom plate of frame, Described guide rod one slides in linear bearing one, and counter plate one, which carries out guiding, makes panel one operate steadily, described stepping electricity Machine one is attached by yielding coupling one and worm mechanism in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one, passes through stepper motor One rotates and drives the worm screw in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one to rotate, so drive nut rotation in ball-screw from And leading screw is vertically moved, described panel one is fixed on the leading screw of guide rod and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear one On, described stepper motor one is fixed on support, and described support is fixed on the bottom plate of frame.
  5. A kind of 5. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The system of working chamber Working chamber's elevating mechanism in system is by linear bearing two, shell two, guide rod two, panel two, ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear 2nd, yielding coupling two, stepper motor two and support two form, and described linear bearing two and shell two are fixed on the bottom of frame On plate, described guide rail two slides in linear bearing two, and counter plate two, which carries out guiding, makes panel operate steadily, and described enters electricity Machine two is attached by yielding coupling two and worm mechanism in ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear two, passes through stepper motor Rotate and drive worm screw to rotate, and then drive the nut rotation in ball-screw so that leading screw vertically moves, it is described Panel two is fixed on the leading screw of guide rail two and ball-screw and worm-and-wheel gear two, and described stepper motor two is fixed on branch On frame two, described support two is fixed on the bottom plate of frame.
  6. A kind of 6. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described powdering system System by motor base, stepper motor three, yielding coupling three, ball-screw support, feed rod one support, powder-laying roller, feed rod one, rolling Ballscrew, feed rod two and the support composition of feed rod two, described motor base, ball-screw support, feed rod one supports and feed rod two Support is each attached on the intermediate support plate of frame, and described feed rod one and feed rod two are separately fixed at feed rod one and supported and feed rod In two supports, described stepper motor three is connected by yielding coupling three with ball-screw, drives powder-laying roller on feed rod Mobile, described ball-screw is fixed in ball-screw support by bearing, and the nut in ball-screw is fixed with powder-laying roller Connect, the linear bearing in described feed rod one and feed rod two is fixedly connected with powder-laying roller;
    Described powdering rolling is by stepper motor four, stepper motor base, yielding coupling four, shell three and powder roller group into described Stepper motor four be fixedly connected by stepper motor base with shell three, described stepper motor four passes through yielding coupling four It is connected with powder roller, drives powder roller to rotate.
  7. A kind of 7. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described movement surpasses Sonic soldering welding system is by spring, feed rod mechanism one, ball screw framework, cylinder, guide rod three, feed rod mechanism two, stepper motor five, branch Seat, framework and ultrasonic horn composition, described spring are compressed along guide rod three, and give ultrasonic horn makes ultrasound with holding power Soldering tip keeps stable when not working in vertical direction, and described feed rod mechanism one and feed rod mechanism two passes through respective branch respectively Support is fixed in the top support plate of frame, and the linear bearing in described feed rod mechanism one and feed rod mechanism two is fixed on framework On, described ball screw framework is supported and fixed in the top support plate of frame, and wherein leading screw is fixed on it by bearing In support, the nut of ball screw framework is fixed on framework, and pneumatic cylinder is fixed on framework, and ultrasonic horn connects with pneumatic cylinder Connect, described stepper motor is fixed on bearing, is connected by yielding coupling with the leading screw in ball screw framework, described Stepper motor five drives leading screw to rotate so that framework moves along two feed rods.
  8. A kind of 8. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The mobile ultrasound Ultrasonic horn in welding system is by soldering tip, ultrasonic transformer, ring flange one, ring flange two, transducer, casing, end cap, ear mount and water Flat adjusting knob composition, is bolted, described ring flange one and ring flange between described soldering tip, ultrasonic transformer and transducer Two are used to fix ultrasonic transformer and be connected through a screw thread to be fixed on casing, and described end cap is fixed on casing, and the ear mount is consolidated Being scheduled on casing enables ultrasonic horn to be moved along guide rod three in vertical direction, and the Level tune button makes it for adjusting soldering tip It is parallel with machined surface.
  9. A kind of 9. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described laser is swept Diced system is retouched by probe, optical element and small-power CO2Laser connection composition, for scan incision paper wood.
  10. A kind of 10. ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described paper matrix Kinematic system is by the support of feed axle, stepper motor six, stepper motor support one, feed axle, feed-side cylinder, cylindrical support, paper Material, rewinding side cylindrical support, rewinding side cylinder, collecting shaft, collecting shaft support, stepper motor seven and stepper motor support two groups Into the support of described feed axle, stepper motor support one, cylindrical support, rewinding side cylindrical support, collecting shaft support and stepping electricity Machine support two is each attached on the bottom plate of frame, and described stepper motor six and stepper motor seven are separately fixed at stepper motor branch In support one and stepper motor support two, respectively by yielding coupling and feed axle and rewinding axis connection, drive both rotate from And the movement of paper wood is realized, described feed axle and collecting shaft are fixed on the support of feed axle and collecting shaft support by bearing respectively On, described feed-side cylinder and rewinding side cylinder are used to ensureing paper wood in the horizontal direction smooth.
CN201720397633.XU 2017-04-16 2017-04-16 Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device Expired - Fee Related CN206662270U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106903314A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-06-30 吉林大学 Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device and method
CN108913821A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-30 嘉善圣士得毛皮服饰有限公司 A kind of reason hair equipment for fur manufacturing
CN109760174A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-17 汲广超 Architectural engineering 3D printer bilayer feeding system
CN110369875A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-25 吉林大学 A kind of spherical ultrasonic head rolling increase and decrease material composite manufacturing device and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106903314A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-06-30 吉林大学 Ultrasonic constituency lamination increasing material manufacturing device and method
CN108913821A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-11-30 嘉善圣士得毛皮服饰有限公司 A kind of reason hair equipment for fur manufacturing
CN109760174A (en) * 2019-03-18 2019-05-17 汲广超 Architectural engineering 3D printer bilayer feeding system
CN110369875A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-25 吉林大学 A kind of spherical ultrasonic head rolling increase and decrease material composite manufacturing device and method

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